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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704106

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the improvement of cognitive impairment in patients with mild and moderate vascular cognitive impairment( VCI) treated with cerebralcare granule ( CG) and basic treat-ment.Methods From October in 2014 to December in 2016 year,143 cases of VCI patients were admitted from six hospitals in some areas of Hebei Province as the research objects,and divided into CG treatment group (experimental group,n=98) and conventional treatment group (control group,n=66).Three months and six months after treatment,the score of mental state examination ( MMSE) ,the Montreal cognitive assess-ment scale ( MoCA) and the daily living capacity scale( ADL) of the two groups were compared after 3 and 6 moths of treatment.Results ①The total score of MMSE in the experimental group was higher than that of the control group for six months after treatment, and the difference was statistically significant ( ( 23. 76 ± 4.02) vs (21.52±5.13),P<0.05).②Six months after treatment,the total score of MoCA ((21.06±4.66) vs (18.32±5.20)) and visual spatial/executive function((3.05±1.37) vs (2.42±1.66)),calculation force ((2.24±0.84) vs (1.83±1.05)) and orientation ability((5.20±1.12) vs (4.06±1.35)) scores in the ex-perimental group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05) .③Six months after treat-ment,the ADL score in the experimental group was lower than that before treatment,and the difference was statistically significant((24.96±8.74) vs (29.20±11.55),P<0.05);while there was no significant difference in the ADL score between the experimental group and the control group after 6 months (P>0.05).Conclusion CG can improve cognitive function in mild to moderate VCI patients,mainly in visual space/execution func-tion,calculation ability and orientation ability,and with the extension of treatment time,the curative effect is more obvious.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657317

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of early using butylphthalide injection before and after thrombolytic therapy with intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) on the clinical prognosis of patients with ultra-early acute cerebral infarction (ACI). Methods A prospective study was conducted, 81 patients with ACI admitted to the Department of Neurology of Tangshan Worker's Hospital from September 2014 to March 2016 were enrolled, and they were divided into a control group (40 cases) and an observation group (41 cases) according to the random number table. Both groups were given routine treatments, such as drugs for lowering blood pressure and blood sugar, decreasing blood lipid to stabilize plaque, neuroprotection, activating blood circulation and removing blood stasis, etc. On the basis of conventional treatment, the control group was directly treated with rt-PA intravenous (IV) thrombolytic therapy according to the guidelines of thrombolytic therapy; in the observation group, the patients immediately underwent CT head examination after admission to decide whether the thrombolytic therapy was necessary, if the therapy was decided to be done, during doctors waiting for the laboratory results or transferring patients, IV drip of butylphthalide sodium chloride 100 mL. After IV drip thrombolytic therapy, if the disease condition was stabilized, the head CT was re-examined to exclude intracranial hemorrhage, if no such hemorrhage, IV drip of butylphthalide sodium chloride 100 mL was continuously given, twice daily for consecutive 14 days with the interval between the two times of IV drip being 7 hours daily. When patient's condition was changed, the re-examination of head CT could be done at any time; if the patient's condition was not changed, the head CT was routinely performed 24 hours after IV drip thrombolysis. After exclusion of intracranial hemorrhage, the patients in both groups were treated additionally by the platelet aggregation drug on the basis of their original treatment. The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores, Bartherl index (BI) scores were recorded before and after treatment, and the recovery situation of neurological function, hemorrhage conversion rate, mortality and adverse reactions were observed after thrombolysis. Results After treatment, the NIHSS scores were lower, and the BI index scores were higher than those before treatment in the two groups, and the change in the observation group after 14 days of treatment was more significant (NIHSS score: 3.87±3.46 vs. 7.37±4.18, BI score: 87.38±9.34 vs. 75.67±8.05, both P < 0.05); the total effective rate of the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group [73.2% (30/41) vs. 55.0% (22/40), P < 0.05], the rate of bleeding conversion rate was lower than that of the control group [2.4% (1/41) vs. 7.5% (3/40), P < 0.05], the difference in fatality rate between the two groups was not statistically significant [2.4% (1/41) vs. 2.5% (1/40), P > 0.05]. Conclusion The clinical therapeutic effect of butylphthalide injection is relatively good for treatment of patients with ultra-early ACI.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-659251

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the effect of early using butylphthalide injection before and after thrombolytic therapy with intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) on the clinical prognosis of patients with ultra-early acute cerebral infarction (ACI). Methods A prospective study was conducted, 81 patients with ACI admitted to the Department of Neurology of Tangshan Worker's Hospital from September 2014 to March 2016 were enrolled, and they were divided into a control group (40 cases) and an observation group (41 cases) according to the random number table. Both groups were given routine treatments, such as drugs for lowering blood pressure and blood sugar, decreasing blood lipid to stabilize plaque, neuroprotection, activating blood circulation and removing blood stasis, etc. On the basis of conventional treatment, the control group was directly treated with rt-PA intravenous (IV) thrombolytic therapy according to the guidelines of thrombolytic therapy; in the observation group, the patients immediately underwent CT head examination after admission to decide whether the thrombolytic therapy was necessary, if the therapy was decided to be done, during doctors waiting for the laboratory results or transferring patients, IV drip of butylphthalide sodium chloride 100 mL. After IV drip thrombolytic therapy, if the disease condition was stabilized, the head CT was re-examined to exclude intracranial hemorrhage, if no such hemorrhage, IV drip of butylphthalide sodium chloride 100 mL was continuously given, twice daily for consecutive 14 days with the interval between the two times of IV drip being 7 hours daily. When patient's condition was changed, the re-examination of head CT could be done at any time; if the patient's condition was not changed, the head CT was routinely performed 24 hours after IV drip thrombolysis. After exclusion of intracranial hemorrhage, the patients in both groups were treated additionally by the platelet aggregation drug on the basis of their original treatment. The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores, Bartherl index (BI) scores were recorded before and after treatment, and the recovery situation of neurological function, hemorrhage conversion rate, mortality and adverse reactions were observed after thrombolysis. Results After treatment, the NIHSS scores were lower, and the BI index scores were higher than those before treatment in the two groups, and the change in the observation group after 14 days of treatment was more significant (NIHSS score: 3.87±3.46 vs. 7.37±4.18, BI score: 87.38±9.34 vs. 75.67±8.05, both P < 0.05); the total effective rate of the observation group was significantly higher than that of the control group [73.2% (30/41) vs. 55.0% (22/40), P < 0.05], the rate of bleeding conversion rate was lower than that of the control group [2.4% (1/41) vs. 7.5% (3/40), P < 0.05], the difference in fatality rate between the two groups was not statistically significant [2.4% (1/41) vs. 2.5% (1/40), P > 0.05]. Conclusion The clinical therapeutic effect of butylphthalide injection is relatively good for treatment of patients with ultra-early ACI.

4.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 92-96, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492034

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of resveratrol ( Res ) on endoplasmic reticulum stress induced by cerebral ischemia/reperfusion(I/R)injury in rats.Methods:The seventy-two male SD rats were divided randomly into three groups(n=20):sham operation group ( group S ) , I/R group and Res-treatment group ( group R ) .Focal cerebral I/R model was induced by electrocoagulation of left middle cerebral artery and occlusion of bilateral common carotid arteries followed by reperfusion after 30 min.The rats in Res group were treated with Res(50 mg/kg)i.p.7 d before the operation,once a day for 7 d.Neurological deficits were assessed at 24 h post-injury,followed by collecting the brain tissues.Cerebral infarct size was detected by TTC staining,and the water content of brain tissue were measured by wet-dry weight method.The expression of GRP78,p-PERK and CHOP proteins were deter-mined by immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis.Results:Compared with sham group,the neurological deficit score and the brain water content were significantly increased(P<0.05),cerebral infarct size was enlarged(P<0.05),and the expression of GRP78, p-PERK and CHOP were up-regulated in I/R group(P<0.05).At the corresponding time,compared with I/R group,the neurological deficit score and the brain water content were markedly decreased(P<0.05),cerebral infarct size was smaller(P<0.05),the level of GRP78 was notablely increased(P<0.05),while the expression of p-PERK and CHOP were down-regulated in Res group(P<0.05). Conclusion:Resveratrol plays a protection role in ischemia-reperfusion injury, through inhibiting the endoplasmic reticulum stress in rats.

5.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 351-354, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446741

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the CT perfusion imaging with acetazolamide (ACZ) challenge test in the diagnosis of chronic cerebral insufficiency.Methods 100 patients undergoing health examination in our hospital from Aug 2009 to Feb 2011 were chosen,52 patients diagnosed as chronic cerebral insufficiency were defined as the case group,and the remaining 48 cases of healthy elderly people were defined as the control group.The brain CT perfusion imaging with acetazolamide challenge test,and the cerebral blood flow (CBF),cerebral blood volume (CBV),mean transit time (MTT) and time to peak (TTP) in anterior cerebral artery (ACA),middle cerebral artery (MCA)cortical branch supply area,MCA deep perforator region,posterior cerebral artery (PCA) and pons part blood supply area were examined in the elderly people of two groups.Results CBV and CBF values in ACA,MCA cortical branch supplyarea,MCA deep perforator region,PCA and pons part blood supply area after ACZ stimulation were significantly lower in case group than the control group (t=3.57,3.39,9.34,11.04,4.21,5.99,9.91,11.10,6.66,9.97,P<0.01 or 0.001),while MTT and TTP values were significantly higher in case group than in the control group (t =7.21,6.94,16.53,4.82,11.67,6.46,6.11,6.71,6.87,4.82,all P< 0.001),CBV and CBF values in the control group were significantly higher after ACZ excitation than before the challenge (t=6.44,6.86,9.72,10.99,7.03,6.33,12.48,14.82,8.98,12.03,all P<0.001),and the MTT and TTP values in the control group were significantly lower after ACZ excitation than before the challenge (t=7.98,5.77,17.29,8.28,9.74,7.01,7.52,6.32,6.01,5.54,all P<0.001).Conclusions CT perfusion imaging with acetazolamide challenge test can increase the detection rate of chronic cerebral insufficiency with better clinical significance,and is worthy of promotion.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-444645

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of CT perfusion (CTP) imaging and the risk factors for CTP abnormality in patients with transient ischemic attack (TIA).Methods TIA patients were enrolled; CTP and CT angiography were performed.The parameter values of cerebral blood flow (CBF),cerebral blood volume (CBV),mean transit time (MTT),and time to peak (TTP) were obtained.CTP abnormalities were identified by comparing the contralateral mirror area.Demography and baseline clinical data were compared in a CTP imaging abnormal group and a normal group.Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify the risk factors for CTP abnormality in patients with TIA.Results A total of 69 patients with TIA were enrolled,and 52 of them had perfusion abnormalities corresponding to clinical symptoms.Their TTP and MTT were prolonged,but the decreased CBF and CBV was not obvious.Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the higher National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score (odds ratio [OR] 1.991,95% confidence interval [OR] 1.113-3.564; P=0.020),the longer duration of symptoms (OR 1.062,95% OR 1.013-1.114; P =0.013),and intracranial vascular stenosis (OR 15.410,95% OR 2.118-112.116; P=0.007) were the independent risk factors for CTP abnormality in patients with TIA.The correlation analysis showed that the prolonged TTP (r =0.389,P =0.001) and MTT (r =0.413,P=0.001) were significantly associated with the NIHSS score.Conclusions TTP and MTT may sensitivity reveal cerebral perfusion abnormalities in patients with TIA.The more severe the disease is,the higher the CTP abnormal rate will be.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 636-639, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-427375

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the effect and safety of different thrombolytic therapies for acute cerebral infarction due to occlusion of middle cerebral artery(MCA).MethodsOne hundred and thirty-two cases of acute cerebral infarction in territory of MCA were randomly divided into 3 groups,all of which were treated with alteplase.Group A (48 cases) was treated by intra-venous therapy with alteplase,group B (43 cases) was treated by infusing alteplase at the site of the internal carotid artery,and group C(41 cases) was treated by infusing alteplase into the thrombus.The improvement of neurological function,complications and mortality rate were recorded and statistically compared,with analysis of variance for counting data of normal distribution,x2 test for quantitative data,and the mean difference was significant at the 0.05level.ResultsThe effective rates of group A,B and C at 2 h,24 h,2 w were 18.8% (9/48),39.6% ( 19/48),45.8% (22/48) ;39.5% (17/43),53.5% (23/43),58.1% (25/43) ;78.0% (32/41),85.4% (35/41 ),87.8% (36/41)respectively.The effective rate of group C was obviously better than group A( x2 =12.809,9.979,9.289,P < 0.01 ) and B (x2 =31.295,19.425,17.161,P < 0.01 ) with statistical significance.The effective rate of group B was better than group A at 2 h after thrombolytic therapy with statistical significance (x2 =4.801,P < 0.05 ).The effective rate of group A and B did not have significant difference at 24 h,2 w after therapy ( x2 =1.765,1.375,P > 0.05 ).The hemorrhage rates of group A,B and C were 14.6% (7/48),14.0% (6/43),7.3% (3/41 ),the mortality rates of group A,B and C were 6.2% (3/48),4.6% (2/43),2.4% (1/41),and there was no significant difference among the 3 groups ( x2 =1.328,0.786,P > 0.05 ).ConclusionIt is suggested that the thrombus-imbeded thrombolytic therapy is a better way in treating acute cerebral infraction due to occlusion of MCA for its rapid and better therapeutic effect.

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