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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702366

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the value of ultrasound guided and CT-guided percutaneous biopsy in diagnosis of chest lesions not blocked by bone nor lung.Methods A total of 244 patients with chest lesions not blocked by bone nor lung were collected and divided into ultrasound-guided group (n=114) or CT-guided group (n=130).The puncture success rate,biopsy success rate and the complication rate were compared between the two groups.Results The puncture success rate (98.25% [112/ 114]) and biopsy success rate (96.49% [110/114]) in ultrasound-guided group were higher than those in CT-guided group (86.92% [113/130],79.23% [103/130]),and the complication rate (3.51% [4/114]) in ultrasound-guided group was lower than that in CT-guided group (16.92% [22/130],all P<0.01).Conclusion For chest lesions not blocked by bone nor lung,ultrasound is more secure and effective than CT for guiding percutaneous biopsy.

2.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 46-50, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280296

ABSTRACT

Human astrovirus (HastV) is recognized as one of the leading causes of acute viral diarrhea in infants. The HastV non-structural protein, nsPla, and C-terminal protein, nsPla/4, contain various conserved functional domains,and may play an important role in virus replication, transcription and the virus-host interactions of HastV. This study used an E. coli system to investigate the expression of nsPla and nsPla/4 proteins. Firstly,the nsPla and nsPla/4 genes of HAstV-1 were cloned into the prokaryotic expression vector,PGEX-4T-1, to build the PGEX-4T-1a and PGEX-4T-la/4 fusion protein plasmids. Then, the recombinant plasmids were transformed into Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) and induced with isopropyl-β-D-thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG). The optimal expression conditions of the two fusion proteins were identified and then analyzed by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and western blotting, respectively. The results showed that the pGEX-4T-la fusion protein was maximally expressed at 30 °C after 12 hours of induction with 1.0 mM IPTG. The pGEX-4T-la/4 fusion protein was maximally expressed at 20 °C after 8 hours of induction with 0.5 mM IPTG. Western blot analysis showed that the two fusion proteins specificity reacted with the anti-nsPla and anti-GST monoclonal antibodies, respectively. This study successfully obtained the HAstV non-structural protein, nsP1a, and its C-terminal protein nsP1a/4 protein using an E. coli system. This novel study lays the foundation for future research into the pathogenic mechanisms of human astrovirus and the functions of its non-structural protein.


Subject(s)
Cloning, Molecular , Escherichia coli , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression , Humans , Mamastrovirus , Genetics , Metabolism , Viral Nonstructural Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism
3.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 2028-2030, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453054

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the partial safety of the recombinant adenovirus containing the triple-point mutants HIF-1αgene (Ad-HIF-1α-Trip)transfection in a rabbit model of hind limb ischemia. Methods After ligation of left femoral artery, 22 New Zealand whites rabbits were randomly divided into 3 groups: saline group(n=6), Ad-Null group(n=6) and Ad-HIF-1α-Trip group(n=10). After operation, saline, Ad-Null and Ad-HIF-1αwere injected intramuscularly respectively. The expression of transferred HIF-1αat mRNA level in the ischemic skeletal muscle and other important organs were detected by Real-time PCR 10 days after gene transfection. The body temperature, weight, blood, liver and renal function, as well as the myocardial enzymes were detected before operation, and on the 3th, 7th, 14th and 28th day after gene transfection, so that pathological changes could be observed. Results On the 10th day after gene transfection, obvious expressions of HIF-1αat mRNA level in the ischemic limb were found, but no expression in other important organs was detected in Ad-HIF-1α-Trip group. The blood routine, liver and renal function were all in the normal range (P > 0.05). No abnormalities were found in heart, liver, kidney, and lung HE transfection in Ad-HIF-1α-Trip group. Conclusion Single intramuscular injection of Ad-HIF-1α-Trip can be expressed obviously in the ischemic limb without detected damage of liver , cardiac and kidney.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-412873

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of Shenjinhuoxue decoction in treating cervical spine.Methods 134cases of patients with cervical spine were randomly divided into two groups:control group(n=62)and therapy group (n=72).The control group were treated with normal method of Jingfukang particles.The therapy group were treated with normal method and Shenjinhuoxue decoction for cervical spine.The total effective rate and the side action was compared.Results After a period of treatment,the treatment group healed 38 cases,excellence 24 cases,effective 10cases,invalid 0 case,total effective rate Was 100.0%,control group healed 10 cases,excellence 16 cases,effective 28cases,invalid 8 cases,effective rate was 87.1%.Compared with the control group,effective rate and healing rate in therapy group were increased obviously(x2=7.715,P<0.01).Conclusion Shenjinhuoxue decoction was safe and effective in the treatment of cervical spondylosis.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-592690

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of low dose cyclophosphamide on function of CD4+CD25+Treg of mice with Lewis lung cancer and investigate the relationship between CD4+CD25+Treg and the genesis and development of tumor.Methods The models were divided into three groups:CTX group,tumor group and control group.In CTX group,models were established by injection CTX(25 mg?kg-1) and subcultivated Lewis lung cancer cells were injected subcutaneously to the right axilla of C57BL/6 mice 7 d later.The dynamic changes of tumor volume were observed.The changes of the number of CD4+CD25+Treg were detected by flow cytometer and the expression of Foxp3 mRNA in spleen was analyzed by semi-quantitative RT-PCR.The changes of T lymphocyte proliferation in spleen were detected by MTT test.The changes of T lymphocyte killing function in spleen were detected by LDH releasing test.Results Compared with tumor group,CTX treatment might delay the development of tumor in 19 d-mice with Lewis lung cancer.The number of CD4+CD25+ Treg in spleen of mice in CTX group was lower than that in tumor group(P0.05).Conclusion After CTX injection,the number of CD4+CD25+Treg and the expression of Foxp3 mRNA in spleen of mice with Lewis lung cancer decrease,the immunological function of mice with Lewis lung cancer increase.It can provid experiment evidence for the tumor immunotherapy aimed directly at CD4+CD25+Treg.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-412257

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the clinical therapeutic characteristics of myasthenia gravis (MG) with hyperthyroidism and the effects of surgical procedures for the patients. Methods:Subtotal thyroidectomy,thymectomy,and simultaneous subtotal thyroidectomy and thymectomywere performed on eleven patients with MG and hyperthyroidism. These patients were followedup after the operation. Results :The neck incisions were infected in two of seven type Ⅱ b patientsdue to trachestomy and the infected incisions were surgically healed. The MG symptoms of threecases (1 cases in type Ⅱ. and 2 cases in type Ⅱ b) relapsed in 3 to 6 months after subtotal thy-roidectomy. The MG symptoms of 2 cases (1 case in type Ⅱa and 1 case in type Ⅱ b) relapsed in 8to 12 months after thymectomy. Among six patients treated by simultaneous subtotal thyroidecto-my and thymectomy,the MG symptoms relapsed in a type I case 3 months after the operation,remitted in three case (1 case in type Ⅱ, and 2 cases in type Ⅱb) and improved in two type Ⅱ bcases since the operations. Conclusion:The simultaneous subtotal thymectomy and thyroidectomyfor patients with MG and hyperthyroidism might have better effects,although infective opportuni-ty of the neck incisions increased owing to trachestomy. However,the prognostic effects were notvery satisfactory whether simple subtotal thyroidectomy or thymectomy for the patients with MGand hyperthyroidism was performed.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-414587

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the causes that resulted in delayed surgery for bronchial ruptures and the results.Methods:The cases with the bronchial ruptures by the delayed surgery last decade were retrospectively reviewed.The causes and unsatisfactory results were analysed.Results:The severe complications usually occurred after the delayed surgery and the results were not as satisfactory as those by early surgery.Conclusion:The bronchial ruptures ought to be operated in the early stage after being wounded.

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