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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930921

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the epidemiological characteristics, diagnosis, treat-ment and prognosis of gallbladder cancer in China from 2010 to 2017.Methods:The single disease retrospective registration cohort study was conducted. Based on the concept of the real world study, the clinicopathological data, from multicenter retrospective clinical data database of gallbladder cancer of Chinese Research Group of Gallbladder Cancer (CRGGC), of 6 159 patients with gallbladder cancer who were admitted to 42 hospitals from January 2010 to December 2017 were collected. Observation indicators: (1) case resources; (2) age and sex distribution; (3) diagnosis; (4) surgical treatment and prognosis; (5) multimodality therapy and prognosis. The follow-up data of the 42 hospitals were collected and analyzed by the CRGGC. The main outcome indicator was the overall survival time from date of operation for surgical patients or date of diagnosis for non-surgical patients to the end of outcome event or the last follow-up. Measurement data with normal distribu-tion were represented as Mean±SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M( Q1, Q3) or M(range), and com-parison between groups was conducted using the U test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test. Univariate analysis was performed using the Logistic forced regression model, and variables with P<0.1 in the univariate analysis were included for multivariate analysis. Multivariate analysis was performed using the Logistic stepwise regression model. The life table method was used to calculate survival rates and the Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curves. Log-rank test was used for survival analysis. Results:(1) Case resources: of the 42 hospitals, there were 35 class A of tertiary hospitals and 7 class B of tertiary hospitals, 16 hospitals with high admission of gallbladder cancer and 26 hospitals with low admission of gallbladder cancer, respectively. Geographical distribution of the 42 hospitals: there were 9 hospitals in central China, 5 hospitals in northeast China, 22 hospitals in eastern China and 6 hospitals in western China. Geographical distribution of the 6 159 patients: there were 2 154 cases(34.973%) from central China, 705 cases(11.447%) from northeast China, 1 969 cases(31.969%) from eastern China and 1 331 cases(21.611%) from western China. The total average number of cases undergoing diagnosis and treatment in hospitals of the 6 159 patients was 18.3±4.5 per year, in which the average number of cases undergoing diagnosis and treatment in hospitals of 4 974 patients(80.760%) from hospitals with high admission of gallbladder cancer was 38.8±8.9 per year and the average number of cases undergoing diagnosis and treatment in hospitals of 1 185 patients(19.240%) from hospitals with low admission of gallbladder cancer was 5.7±1.9 per year. (2) Age and sex distribution: the age of 6 159 patients diagnosed as gallbladder cancer was 64(56,71) years, in which the age of 2 247 male patients(36.483%) diagnosed as gallbladder cancer was 64(58,71)years and the age of 3 912 female patients(63.517%) diagnosed as gallbladder cancer was 63(55,71)years. The sex ratio of female to male was 1.74:1. Of 6 159 patients, 3 886 cases(63.095%) were diagnosed as gallbladder cancer at 56 to 75 years old. There was a significant difference on age at diagnosis between male and female patients ( Z=-3.99, P<0.001). (3) Diagnosis: of 6 159 patients, 2 503 cases(40.640%) were initially diagnosed as gallbladder cancer and 3 656 cases(59.360%) were initially diagnosed as non-gallbladder cancer. There were 2 110 patients(34.259%) not undergoing surgical treatment, of which 200 cases(9.479%) were initially diagnosed as gallbladder cancer and 1 910 cases(90.521%) were initially diagnosed as non-gallbladder cancer. There were 4 049 patients(65.741%) undergoing surgical treatment, of which 2 303 cases(56.878%) were initially diagnosed as gallbladder cancer and 1 746 cases(43.122%) were initial diagnosed as non-gallbladder cancer. Of the 1 746 patients who were initially diagnosed as non-gallbladder cancer, there were 774 cases(19.116%) diagnosed as gallbladder cancer during operation and 972 cases(24.006%) diagnosed as gallbladder cancer after operation. Of 6 159 patients, there were 2 521 cases(40.932%), 2 335 cases(37.912%) and 1 114 cases(18.087%) undergoing ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination before initial diagnosis, respec-tively, and there were 3 259 cases(52.914%), 3 172 cases(51.502%) and 4 016 cases(65.205%) undergoing serum carcinoembryonic antigen, CA19-9 or CA125 examination before initially diagnosis, respectively. One patient may underwent multiple examinations. Results of univariate analysis showed that geographical distribution of hospitals (eastern China or western China), age ≥72 years, gallbladder cancer annual admission of hospitals, whether undergoing ultrasound, CT, MRI, serum carcinoembryonic antigen, CA19-9 or CA125 examination before initially diagnosis were related factors influencing initial diagnosis of gallbladder cancer patients ( odds ratio=1.45, 1.98, 0.69, 0.68, 2.43, 0.41, 1.63, 0.41, 0.39, 0.42, 95% confidence interval as 1.21-1.74, 1.64-2.40, 0.59-0.80, 0.60-0.78, 2.19-2.70, 0.37-0.45, 1.43-1.86, 0.37-0.45, 0.35-0.43, 0.38-0.47, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that geographical distribution of hospitals (eastern China or western China), sex, age ≥72 years, gallbladder cancer annual admission of hospitals and cases undergoing ultrasound, CT, serum CA19-9 examination before initially diagnosis were indepen-dent influencing factors influencing initial diagnosis of gallbladder cancer patients ( odds ratio=1.36, 1.42, 0.89, 0.67, 1.85, 1.56, 1.57, 0.39, 95% confidence interval as 1.13-1.64, 1.16-1.73, 0.79-0.99, 0.57-0.78, 1.60-2.14, 1.38-1.77, 1.38-1.79, 0.35-0.43, P<0.05). (4) Surgical treatment and prognosis. Of the 4 049 patients undergoing surgical treatment, there were 2 447 cases(60.435%) with complete pathological staging data and follow-up data. Cases with pathological staging as stage 0, stage Ⅰ, stage Ⅱ, stage Ⅲa, stage Ⅲb, stage Ⅳa and stage Ⅳb were 85(3.474%), 201(8.214%), 71(2.902%), 890(36.371%), 382(15.611%), 33(1.348%) and 785(32.080%), respectively. The median follow-up time and median postoperative overall survival time of the 2 447 cases were 55.75 months (95% confidence interval as 52.78-58.35) and 23.46 months (95% confidence interval as 21.23-25.71), respectively. There was a significant difference in the overall survival between cases with pathological staging as stage 0, stage Ⅰ, stage Ⅱ, stage Ⅲa, stage Ⅲb, stage Ⅳa and stage Ⅳb ( χ2=512.47, P<0.001). Of the 4 049 patients undergoing surgical treatment, there were 2 988 cases(73.796%) with resectable tumor, 177 cases(4.371%) with unresectable tumor and 884 cases(21.833%) with tumor unassessable for resectabi-lity. Of the 2 988 cases with resectable tumor, there were 2 036 cases(68.139%) undergoing radical resection, 504 cases(16.867%) undergoing non-radical resection and 448 cases(14.994%) with operation unassessable for curative effect. Of the 2 447 cases with complete pathological staging data and follow-up data who underwent surgical treatment, there were 53 cases(2.166%) with unresectable tumor, 300 cases(12.260%) with resectable tumor and receiving non-radical resection, 1 441 cases(58.888%) with resectable tumor and receiving radical resection, 653 cases(26.686%) with resectable tumor and receiving operation unassessable for curative effect. There were 733 cases not undergoing surgical treatment with complete pathological staging data and follow-up data. There was a significant difference in the overall survival between cases not undergoing surgical treatment, cases undergoing surgical treatment for unresectable tumor, cases undergoing non-radical resection for resectable tumor and cases undergoing radical resection for resectable tumor ( χ2=121.04, P<0.001). (5) Multimodality therapy and prognosis: of 6 159 patients, there were 541 cases(8.784%) under-going postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy and advanced chemotherapy, 76 cases(1.234%) under-going radiotherapy. There were 1 170 advanced gallbladder cancer (pathological staging ≥stage Ⅲa) patients undergoing radical resection, including 126 cases(10.769%) with post-operative adjuvant chemotherapy and 1 044 cases(89.231%) without postoperative adjuvant chemo-therapy. There was no significant difference in the overall survival between cases with post-operative adjuvant chemotherapy and cases without postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy ( χ2=0.23, P=0.629). There were 658 patients with pathological staging as stage Ⅲa who underwent radical resection, including 66 cases(10.030%) with postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy and 592 cases(89.970%) without postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy. There was no significant difference in the overall survival between cases with postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy and cases without postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy ( χ2=0.05, P=0.817). There were 512 patients with pathological staging ≥stage Ⅲb who underwent radical resection, including 60 cases(11.719%) with postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy and 452 cases(88.281%) without postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy. There was no significant difference in the overall survival between cases with postoperative adjuvant chemo-therapy and cases without post-operative adjuvant chemo-therapy ( χ2=1.50, P=0.220). Conclusions:There are more women than men with gallbladder cancer in China and more than half of patients are diagnosed at the age of 56 to 75 years. Cases undergoing ultrasound, CT, serum CA19-9 examination before initial diagnosis are independent influencing factors influencing initial diagnosis of gallbladder cancer patients. Preoperative resectability evaluation can improve the therapy strategy and patient prognosis. Adjuvant chemotherapy for gallbladder cancer is not standardized and in low proportion in China.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930752

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the data of critical care related literatures published in Web of Science core set by knowledge map visualizing technology, and summarize the research status and hotspots of critical care.Methods:The core set database of Web of Science from January 2011 to December 2020 was searched, the extracted information was standardized and analyzed by knowledge map visualizing technology.Results:A total of 783 articles in the field of critical care were included, and the number of literatures increased year by year, among which the number of articles published in the American Journal of Critical Care(305) was the most. The United States (437) was the country with the most published literatures, and Australia was the country with the highest centrality (centrality=0.67). The number and centrality of articles published from China were at the lower middle level. There was cooperation among countries, but not close cooperation. The cooperation among authors was in the state of small aggregation and large dispersion. Cluster analysis and keyword emergence analysis showed that many aspects in the field of intensive care had been the research hotspots, among which "post intensive care syndrome" and "children′s intensive care" were the research hotspots in recent years.Conclusions:The research field of intensive care is still in the rising stage of development, and post intensive care syndrome and children's intensive care are the latest hotspots in intensive care research.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930660

ABSTRACT

The National Medical Insurance Administration launched a national pilot project based on diagnosis-related group (DRG) payment across the country in 2019. It optimizes and reuses limited resources from a clinical perspective, controls hospitalization expenses and medical costs, and reduces average hospital stays based on DRG payment. This article expounds the concept and application of DRG payment, from the perspective of clinical nursing, expounds the research progress of DRG payment at home and abroad, attempts to analyze the relationship between DRG payment and nursing, and further proposes the impact on the development of clinical nursing.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910576

ABSTRACT

With the development of precision medicine and individualized treatment, tissue biopsy in cancer patients diagnosis and therapy has been broadly used. However, because it’s hard to collect enough samples for biliary tract tumors, liquid biopsy was broadly applied for the diagnosis. In liquid biopsy, circulating tumor cells, circulating tumor DNA, and tumor-derived exosomes carrying tumor-specific information are released from tumor tissue into blood, bile, and other body fluids, which makes tumor biopsy samples easily to be obtained in a non-invasive way. At the same time, through a series of morphological and molecular measurements as well as genetic characterization, liquid biopsy can be used to look for the new early diagnostic markers, and therapeutic targets, monitoring progression and prognosis of diseases. This article outlined the current technology used to detect circulating tumor cells, circulating tumor DNA, and tumor-derived exosomes, and summarizes the latest advances in the clinical application of liquid biopsy in biliary tract cancers.

5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 699-706, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755210

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the clinical effects of arthroscopic autologous bone grafting and percutaneous fixation in treating scaphoid nonunion.Methods From May 2013 to August 2017,a total of 25 cases of patients including 20 males and 5 females with unilateral scaphoid fractures and nonunion were reviewed,with mean age of 35.80±2.41 years (18-65 years).The duration from injury to treatment was averaged 11.70± 1.90 months (5-18 months).All of the cases sustained waist and proximal end fractures.X-ray and CT scan showed sclerosis and bone resorption without any callus at the fracture sites.However,there were no serious deformities and wrist arthritis.The patients suffered pain and weakness at the radial side of the wrist.The type of the fractures were Slade-Geissler's Ⅲ-Ⅵ,including grade Ⅲ 4 cases,grade Ⅳ 13 cases,grade Ⅴ 7 cases and grade Ⅵ 1 case.The patients were treated with arthroscopic debridement of the sclerotic bone,autologous bone grafting,percutaneous screw (9 cases) or K-wires fixation (16 cases) and immobilization by plaster for 3 weeks after operation,followed by functional rehabilitation training.Bone union was assessed by serial plain radiographs and CT scan regularly.The functional effects were evaluated by comparing the modified Mayo wrist score with the visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain,range of motion (ROM) and the grip strength,which were measured before operation and at 18 months after operation.Results All cases were followed up.Bone union was achieved in all of 25 nonunion.The average radiological union duration was 10.24±2.10 weeks (6-20 weeks).The average VAS score decreased from 6.75± 1.10 preoperatively to 1.33±0.21.The mean ROM of wrist was improved to 168.48°± 12.41 ° (92.90% of that of the normal side),compared to that of 135.24°± 17.47° preoperatively (79.80% of that of the normal side).The mean grip strength showed improvement from an average of 35.68±3.81 kg (80.46% of that of normal side) preoperatively to 48.75±4.42 kg (90.65% of that of normal side).The average modified Mayo wrist score improved from 61.52±6.32 preoperatively to 85.88±8.37.Conclusion Arthroscopic autologous bone grafting with percutaneous cannulated screw and K-wires fixation is an effective and minimally invasive treatment for seaphoid nonunion,which could protect the blood supply of the fracture sites,decrease the surgical complications,promote bone healing and lead to a faster recovery.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751877

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the diagnostic value of plasma procalcitonin (PCT) for bacterial infection in patients receiving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Methods Clinical data of patients receiving ECMO therapy admitted between August 2016 and January 2018 in Department of Critical Care Medicine, Tongji Hospital of Tongji Medical College were analyzed retrospectively. All patients receiving ECMO with bacterial culture were eligible for inclusion. Plasma PCT, IL-6, CRP and WBC levels detected within 24 h of bacterial cultures were analyzed immediately. Bacterial infection in ECMO was determined through bacterial culture and clinical characteristics. Finally, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to evaluate the diagnostic value of inflammatory markers for bacterial infection in ECMO patients. Results Seventeen patients met the inclusion criteria, including 15 patients with acute respiratory failure and 2 patients with acute circulatory failure. There were 37 positive bacterial cultures, and 91 plasma PCT levels were detected in the process of ECMO. Compared with IL-6, CRP and WBC, plasma PCT had significant clinical significance in the diagnosis of bacterial infection (AUC=0.818, P<0.001). The cut-off value of PCT was 1.0 ng/mL, with a sensitivity of 92% and a specificity of 43%. Conclusions Compared with other conventional inflammatory markers, plasma PCT has more diagnostic value for bacterial infection in ECMO patients.

7.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 699-706, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801440

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the clinical effects of arthroscopic autologous bone grafting and percutaneous fixation in treating scaphoid nonunion.@*Methods@#From May 2013 to August 2017, a total of 25 cases of patients including 20 males and 5 females with unilateral scaphoid fractures and nonunion were reviewed, with mean age of 35.80±2.41 years (18-65 years). The duration from injury to treatment was averaged 11.70±1.90 months (5-18 months). All of the cases sustained waist and proximal end fractures. X-ray and CT scan showed sclerosis and bone resorption without any callus at the fracture sites. However, there were no serious deformities and wrist arthritis. The patients suffered pain and weakness at the radial side of the wrist. The type of the fractures were Slade-Geissler's III-VI, including grade III 4 cases, grade IV 13 cases, grade V 7 cases and grade VI 1 case. The patients were treated with arthroscopic debridement of the sclerotic bone, autologous bone grafting, percutaneous screw (9 cases) or K-wires fixation (16 cases) and immobilization by plaster for 3 weeks after operation, followed by functional rehabilitation training. Bone union was assessed by serial plain radiographs and CT scan regularly. The functional effects were evaluated by comparing the modified Mayo wrist score with the visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain, range of motion (ROM) and the grip strength, which were measured before operation and at 18 months after operation.@*Results@#All cases were followed up. Bone union was achieved in all of 25 nonunion. The average radiological union duration was 10.24±2.10 weeks (6-20 weeks). The average VAS score decreased from 6.75±1.10 preoperatively to 1.33±0.21. The mean ROM of wrist was improved to 168.48°±12.41° (92.90% of that of the normal side), compared to that of 135.24°±17.47° preoperatively (79.80% of that of the normal side). The mean grip strength showed improvement from an average of 35.68±3.81 kg (80.46% of that of normal side) preoperatively to 48.75±4.42 kg (90.65% of that of normal side). The average modified Mayo wrist score improved from 61.52±6.32 preoperatively to 85.88±8.37.@*Conclusion@#Arthroscopic autologous bone grafting with percutaneous cannulated screw and K-wires fixation is an effective and minimally invasive treatment for scaphoid nonunion, which could protect the blood supply of the fracture sites, decrease the surgical complications, promote bone healing and lead to a faster recovery.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773338

ABSTRACT

The aim of this article is to study how andrographolide-releasing collagen scaffolds influence rabbit articular chondrocytes in maintaining their specific phenotype under inflammatory environment. Physical blending combined with vacuum freeze-drying method was utilized to prepare the andrographolide-releasing collagen scaffold. The characteristics of scaffold including its surface morphology and porosity were detected with environmental scanning electron microscope (ESEM) and a density instrument. Then, the release of andrographolide from prepared scaffolds was measured by UV-visible spectroscopy. Rabbit chondrocytes were isolated and cultured and seeded on andrographolide-releasing collagen scaffolds. Following culture with normal medium for 3 d, seeded chondrocytes were cultured with medium containing interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) to stimulate inflammation for 7 d. The proliferation, morphology and gene transcription of tested chondrocytes were detected with Alamar Blue assay, fluorescein diacetate (FDA) staining and reverse-transcriptase quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) test respectively. The results showed that the collagen scaffolds prepared by vacuum freeze-dry possess a high porosity close to 96%, and well-interconnected chambers around (120.7±17.8) μm. The andrographolide-releasing collagen scaffold continuously released andrographolide to the PBS solution within 15 d, and collagen scaffolds containing 2.22% andrographolide significantly inhibit the proliferation of chondrocytes. Compared with collagen scaffolds, 0.44% andrographolide-containing collagen scaffolds facilitate chondrocytes to keep specific normal morphologies following 7 d IL-1β induction. The results obtained by RT-qPCR confirmed this effect by enhancing the transcription of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 ( ), collagen II ( ), aggrecan ( ) and the ratio of / collagen I( ), meanwhile, reversing the promoted transcription of matrix metalloproteinase-1 ( ) and matrix metalloproteinase-13 ( ). In conclusion, our research reveals that andrographolide-releasing (0.44%) collagen scaffolds enhance the ability of chondrocytes to maintain their specific morphologies by up-regulating the transcription of genes like , and , while down-regulating the transcription of genes like and which are bad for phenotypic maintenance under IL-1β simulated inflammatory environment. These results implied the potential use of andrographolide-releasing collagen scaffold in osteoarthritic cartilage repair.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695520

ABSTRACT

Objective To introduce a breast conserving surgery for reconstruction of breast shape and to demonstrate the postoperative effect.Methods Ten patients were treated with this method from Apr.2016 to Dec.2017,and the lateral thoracic wall arteriovenous vessels were used as vascular pedicle to transfer the distal compound tissue flap of the blood vessel to repair the breast defect remnant cavity which was formed after the breast conserving surgery,and a good shape was obtained.Results All the 10 cases were successfully completed.The intraoperative bleeding was 20 to 30 ml.The operative time was 2 to 3 hours.No blood transfusion was needed.The average hospital stay was 11.5 days,ranging from 10 to 15 days.No infection happened to the incision.All the 10 patients were followed up from 2 to 20 months,with 11 months as the average.No limb edema,asymmetry or local recurrence happened.Conclusion The operation method is effective,safe and economical for patients with large swelling but strong desire to conserve breast.

10.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 175-180, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710943

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect and mechanism of interfering the nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyltransferase 1(NMNAT1)gene in Parkinson's disease(PD)mouse models. Methods Thirty mice were randomly assigned to three groups: the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine(MPTP)group, the small interfering nicotinamide mononucleotide adenylyltransferase 1 (siNMNAT1)+MPTP group, and the control group, with 10 mice in each group.After injecting siRNA-green fluorescent protein(GFP)lentivirals directly into substantia nigra(SN),mice received intraperitoneal injections of MPTP, which was the siNMNAT1 +MPTP group.While the MPTP group was only with injections of MPTP,and the control group was with neither siRNA nor MPTP.Then we assessed the motor coordination ability firstly.To observe the variation of nigrostriatal pathway, the counts of dopamanergic neurons in SN were measured by tyrosine hydroxylase(TH)immunofluorescence staining.And the expression of TH in striatum, which was used to estimate the dopaminergic neurons axonal variation, was analyzed by RT-PCR.Then the expression of TH, SOD1, Bcl2, Bax, Bcl2/Bax in SN was estimated through Western blotting.Results Compared with the control group,the siNMNAT1+MPTP group and the MPTP group decreased significantly in motor coordination ability(creep down time: siNMNAT1 +MPTP group(62.8 ±15.7)s,MPTP group(77.9 ±13.5)s, control group(122.0 ±25.2)s), dopamanergic neuron counts(siNMNAT1 +MPTP group 45.0 ±6.7, MPTP group 68.0 ±11.3, control group 93.0 ± 12.8)and the striatal TH expression(Creep down time: t=-6.291, P=0.000; t=-4.865, P=0.000.Dopamanergic neuron counts:t=-10.482,P=0.000;t=-4.624, P=0.000.TH expression:t=-9.117,P=0.000;t=-5.716, P=0.000).Although the siNMNAT1+MPTP group showed lower coordination ability than the MPTP group, there was no statistically significant difference.Whereas the counts of dopamanergic neurons in SN(t=-5.487, P=0.000), the expression of TH in striatum(t=-5.146,P=0.003),SOD1(t=-4.143, P=0.001)and Bcl2/Bax(t=-6.303, P=0.000)were obviously decreased in the siNMNAT1+MPTP group,in which Bax increased significantly(t=3.550,P=0.002).Conclusions Interfering the expression of NMNAT1 aggravated the neurodegeneration in PD, and the mechanism might be related to oxidative stress and programmed cell death.

11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 847-851, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709610

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore risk factors of the progression to castration-resistant prostate cancer(CRPC)after hormone therapy (HT).Methods A total of 178 patients with prostate cancer from February 2009 to February 2018 were enrolled to analyze the risk factors of the progression to castrationresistant prostate cancer after androgen deprivation therapy in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital.The mean age was72 years (range,49-91 years);the middle Gleason score was 7 (range,4-10);the middle PSA at the initiation of HT was 24.45 ng/ml (range,0.16-100.0 ng/ml);the middle time to PSA nadir was 9 months (range,0.5-69.0 months);the middle PSA nadir after HT was 0.030 ng/ml (range,0.003-78.670 ng/ml);the mean hemoglobin level was 131 g/L (range,64-184 g/L);the mean alkaline phosphatase level was 98 U/L (range,35-734 U/L);39 patients were diabetes mellitus (21.9%);82 patients were bone metastasis/visceral metastasis (46.1%);85 patients (47.8 %) were in clinical T1 + T2;93 patients(52.2%)were in clinical T3 + T4.We studied the relationship between CRPC and these risk factors including age,Gleason score,PSA at the initiation of HT,PSA nadir after HT,the time to PSA nadir,hemoglobin level,alkaline phosphatase,bone metastasis/visceral metastasis,clinical T stage,diabetes mellitus by x2 test,univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis methods.Results The middle follow-up time was 30 months (range,6-92 months).There were 74 of 178 patients progressed to CRPC after HT.The median time of progression to CRPC in this cohort was 15 months (range,4-47 months).On x2 test analysis,there were statistically significant differences between the progression to CRPC group after HT and the rest group in Gleason score (P <0.001),PSA nadir after HT (P <0.001),PSA at the initiation of HT (P =0.042),alkaline phosphatase (P =0.002),bone metastasis/visceral metastasis (P<0.001) and clinical T stage (P <0.001).Additionally,on multivariate Cox regression analysis,Gleason score (OR =6.152,P < 0.001),PSA nadir after HT (OR =3.022,P < 0.004) and the time to PSA nadir (OR =0.375,P <0.001) were found to be significantly associated with the rapid progression to CRPC.Conelusions Gleason score,PSA nadir after HT and the time to PSA nadir were significantly associated with the progression to CRPC.Patients with higher PSA nadir or the shorter time to PSA nadir were more likely to progress to CRPC.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515425

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of intestinal floras in elderly patients with first-episode untreated schizophrenia and to analyze the role of intestinal floras in schizophrenia .Methods Thirty elderly patients(≥60 years old) with first-episode un-treated schizophrenia treated in our hospital from July to October 2016 were selected as the observation group ,while 30 healthy peo-ple undergoing physical examination in the same period were selected as the control group .The bifidobacterium ,lactobacillus and bacteroides of stool samples in the two groups were tested by 16SrRNA real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (qPCR) .Results The bifidobacterium content of stool samples in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group ,while the bacteroides content was significantly higher than that in the control group ,moreover the ratios of bacteroides/lactobacillus and bacteroides/bifidobacterium in the observation group were significantly increased ,the difference was statistically significant (P<0 .05);the lactobacillus content had no obvious difference between the two groups .Conclusion The phenomena of intestinal flora disorder and intestinal flora disproportion exist in elderly patients with first-episode untreated schizophrenia .Intestinal flora may be involved in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia .

13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 3691-3693, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607128

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To observe clinical efficacy and safety of capecitabine and tegafur gimeracil and oteracil potassium synchronous radiotherapy in the treatment of recurrence after radical resection of colon cancer. METHODS:A total of 150 patients with recurrent after radical resection of colon cancer in our hospital during Jan. 2012-Dec. 2012 were divided into group A and B ac-cording to random number table,with 75 cases in each group. Both groups received three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy. Group A was additionally given capecitabine 2.5 g. Group B was additionally given tegafur gimeracil and oteracil potassium,40 mg,bid for body surface area <1.25 m2,50 mg,bid for body surface area ranged 1.25-1.50 m2 and60mg,bid for body surface ar-ea<1.50 m2. Clinical efficacies of 2 groups were compared;1-year,2-year,3-year survival andⅢ-Ⅳdegree toxic effect were fol-lowed up. RESULTS:The total response rate of group B was 86.67%,which was significantly higher than 66.67% of group A, with statistical significance(P<0.05). 1-year,2-year,3-year survival rates of group B were 93.335,72.00%,58.67%,which was significantly higher than 74.67%,53.33%,41.33%,with statistical significance(P<0.05). The median disease progression time of group A was 8.0 months,which was significantly shorter than 9.5 months of group B,with statistical significance (P<0.05). There was no statistical significance in Ⅲ-Ⅳ degree toxic effect between 2 groups (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS:Compared with capecitabine,tegafur gimeracil and oteracil potassium combined with three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy show significant therapeutic efficacy for recurrence after radical resection of colon cancer,can control disease progression,prolong the survival time and don't increase the risk of toxic effects.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606896

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Studies have indicated that the abnormal expression of TACC3 is closely related to the occurrence and development of many kinds of tumors, and the expression of TACC3 is up-regulated in these tumors. Therefore, in vitro specific inhibition of TACC3 expression may become an important target for the treatment or intervention of tumor growth.OBJECTIVE: To investigate the mechanism by which TACC3 gene expression regulates cell proliferation and apoptosis in oral squamous cell carcinoma.METHODS: CD133+CD44+ oral squamous cell carcinoma cells were sorted from human oral squamous cell carcinoma cell line Cal-27 by immunomagnetic beads. In experimental group, the shRNA sequence of TACC3 was designed and synthesized, which was then trasnfected into CD133+CD44+ oral cancer stem cells by LipofectamineTM 2000. Empty vector-trasnfected (negative control) and untransfected cells were used as callsed. Forty-eight hours after the transfection, effects of TACC3 gene silencing on proliferation and apoptosis in vitro in CD133+CD44+ oral squamous cell carcinoma were detected by MTT, clone formation test, and TUNEL assay. Western blot assay was used to detect the effect of TACC3 gene silencing on Ki67, Bax and Bcl-2 protein expression in CD133+CD44+ oral squamous cell carcinoma.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Cell proliferation. The proliferation rate and expression level of Ki67 were significantly lower in the experimental group than the negative control and untransfected groups (P < 0.05). (2) Clone formation. The clone formation ability in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the negative control and untransfected groups (P < 0.05). (3) Cell apoptosis. TACC3 gene silencing caused an obvious decrease in Bcl-2 protein expression and a significant increase in Bax protein expression. These findings further confirmed that specific interference of TACC3 gene expression could inhibit the proliferation of CD133+CD44+ cells and promote the apoptosis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-317565

ABSTRACT

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a real-time, cross-sectional optical imaging technology. It is analogous to ultrasonography, except that OCT uses light waves instead of sound waves, and can provide three-dimensional morphological images of living tissues with a micrometer resolution. Through the use of endoscopes, needles, catheters and laparoscopes, OCT has demonstrated tremendous imaging potential in tumor surgery. The current studies suggest that OCT has potential for clinical applications in the following fields of gastrointestinal tumor surgery: (1) Early tumor detection and diagnosis: OCT can distinguish differences between polyp tissue, normal tissue and malignant tissue. It could possibly identify premalignant lesions or conditions potentially predisposing to malignancy, such as gastric and intestinal metaplasia, gastritis associated with Helicobacter pylori, and early gastric cancer involving the mucosa or submucosa. In addition, OCT can differentiate between adenomatous polyps and hyperplastic polyps. (2) Optical biopsy of lymph nodes: As a high-resolution, near-IR imaging modality, OCT is capable of visualizing microscopic features within tissue, distinguishing lymph node tissue from surrounding adipose tissue, revealing nodal structures such as germinal centers and intra-nodal vessels. Consequently, OCT has the ability to show changes in node microarchitecture during metastatic tumor infiltration. (3) Intraoperative guidance for real-time determination of surgical margins: In other tumors such as oral squamous cell carcinoma and breast cancer, it has been demonstrated that OCT can be used to rapidly scan large areas of tissue, to guide at the cellular level the surgical resection of neoplastic disease, and to scan tumor margins for the presence of residual disease, tumor foci, and potentially even metastasizing tumor cells. It implies that colorectal neoplasms surgeons can possibly use the laparoscopic OCT to detect the intestinal tumor margin and lymph nodes during operation in the future, so as to determine the appropriate range of bowel resection and lymph node dissection. At present, there are few reports about the intra-operative application of OCT in the field of gastrointestinal tumor surgery. Thus there is a tremendous opportunity for further research in this field.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668581

ABSTRACT

Aortic dissection (AD) is one of the disastrous cardiovascular diseases.Due to the uncertain,varied clinical manifestations of the AD,clinical misdiagnosis or missed diagnosis may occur occasionally.Doctors should carefully and thoroughly evaluate clinical manifestations,and raise awareness and vigilance on acute AD.After suspecting or diagnosing acute AD,specialists of vascular surgery should be contacted as soon as possible so that they could successfully treat patients.By briefly describing the different clinical manifestations of the AD in various human systems,this paper aims to promote the recognition of the atypical AD.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668575

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the features of time distribution in the onset of aortic dissection (AD).Methods The retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted.The clinical data of 476 AD patients who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from January 2009 to June 2017 were collected.The patients were divided by the following criteria:gender,age [youth(<45 years),middle-age (45-59 years) and elderly (≥ 60 years)],Stanford types (type A and type B),with or without hypertension.All variables were analyzed by circular distribution statistics to illuminate the features of time distribution in the onset of AD (monthly rhythm and circadian rhythm).Observation indicators:(1) overall time distribution of AD;(2) time distribution of subgroups with different genders;(3) time distribution of subgroups with different age;(4) time distribution of subgroups with different Stanford types;(5) time distribution of subgroups with or without hypertension.Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as (x)±s and count data were described as constituent ratio.The circular distrbution statistics were used to calculate time data of onset after trigonometric function transformation.The monthly rhythm and circadian rhythm were done using the Rayleigh test (Z value).Results (1) Overall time distribution of AD:the AD patients had the monthly rhythm and circadian rhythm (Z=14.79,31.60,P<0.05).The months with the maximum and minimum cases were November (59 cases) and August (24 cases) respectively,the peak day was on January 12.AD often occurred from 16:00 to 17:00 (37 cases) but barely occurred from 3:00 to 4:00 (8 cases),with a peak of 14:55.(2) Time distribution of subgroups with different gender:male subgroup had the monthly rhythm and circadian rhythm (Z =11.28,27.81,P<0.05);female subgroup had the monthly rhythm and circadian rhythm (Z=3.48,4.37,P<0.05).(3) Time distribution of subgroups with different age:patients in the youth subgroup had no monthly rhythm (Z=1.33,P>0.05),and there was the circadian rhythm (Z=4.29,P<0.05);patients in the middle-age subgroup had the monthly rhythm and circadian rhythm (Z =7.48,17.41,P<0.05);patients in the old-age subgroup had the monthly rhythm and circadian rhythm (Z =6.62,11.04,P < 0.05).(4) Time distribution of subgroups with different Stanford type:patients inthe type A subgroup had no monthly rhythm (Z=1.60,P>0.05),and there was the circadian rhythm (Z=10.51,P<0.05);patients in the type B subgroup had the monthly rhythm and circadian rhythm (Z=13.94,21.70,P<0.05).(5) Time distribution of subgroups with or without hypertension:subgroups with hypertension had the monthly rhythm and circadian rhythm (Z =12.08,29.81,P< 0.05).Subgroups without hypertension had no monthly rhythm (Z=3.84,P>0.05),showing a statistically significant difference in the circadian rhythm (Z=4.78,P<0.05).Conclusion AD often occurs in cold months and afternoon.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-617067

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the promoting effect of hypoxia on proliferation of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs) and maintaining their potential of multi-directional differentiation in vitro.Methods BMMSCs were isolated from bone marrow blood samples of patients with bone fracture, and cultured under hypoxic (group A) or normoxic (group B) conditions.The morphology, proliferation and osteogenic and adipogenic potential of the BMMSCs were observed.Results BMMSCs in the group A showed a long spindle shape and a fish shoal-like distribution, and were well-grown, while the morphology of cells in the group B appeared polygonal or flat.The quantity and growth rate of BMMSCs in the group A were increased compared with the group B (P< 0.05), with an osteogenic and adipogenic potential.Conclusions Hypoxia can promote the proliferation of BMMSCs in vitro and maintain their multi-directional differentiation potential.

19.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 1018-1021, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710475

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore clinical implications of pleural effusion in thoracic endovascular aorta repair (TEVAR) of type B aortic dissection.Methods Clinical data of 28 patients (23 males,5 females) hospitalized from Jan 2015 to Dec 2016 were analyzed retrospectively.There were ruptured aortic dissection (RAD) (n =7) and the contained aortic dissection (CAD) (n =21).26 patients underwent TEVAR,and two patients received conservative treatment.Results 26 patients received TEVAR and operations were successful.2 patients treated conservatively died.Six patients had bilateral pleural effusion,while 20 had left pleural effusion and two had right pleural effusion.The distribution of pleural effusion was significantly different between CAD and RAD group (x2 =10.4,P < 0.05),and the rupture risk was the highest in right sided pleural effusion.The median volume of pleural effusion on right side in RAD group are higher than that in CAD group (Z =-3.293,P =0.001).One patient died of sudden death on post-op 9th day.Pleural effusion disappeared in all 24 patients who were followed-up for more than 3 months.There were no ensuing pleural thickening,pulmonary atelectasis,and lung consolidation.Conclusious Pleural effusion on left side are common in type B aortic dissection,while bulk right pleural effusion may indicate impending rupture.Endovascular therapy is a feasible,safe and effective therapy for aortic dissection with pleural effusion.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-508679

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Valvular interstitial cel s are the main components of the heart valves. Myofibroblasts, as a kind of valvular interstitial cel s, can express alpha-smooth muscle actin and type I col agen fiber, and hold differentiation potential. These cel s cannot only play a support role in the valve structure, but also play a regulatory role in the process of the valve normal physiological and pathological responses. OBJECTIVE:To obtain a reliable method of separation, primary culture and identification of myofibroblasts laying a foundation for further study on the cardiac valvular calcification. METHODS:Aortic valve myofibroblas extracted from porcine hearts were primary cultured by trypsin and col agenase combined digestive method, common enzyme-digestion method and tissue-culture method, respectively. The myofibroblast activity and morphology were observed using microscope, and myofibroblasts were identified using light microscope and immunocytochemistrial method. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Myofibroblasts had a higher activity and purity cultured by trypsin combined with col agenase II digestion method. Aortic valve myofibroblasts were positive for alpha-smooth muscle actin and negative for von Wil ebrand factor under fluorescence microscope, suggesting that myofibroblasts were successful y obtained.

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