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1.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 359-365, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977439

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Data are limited on the long-term efficacy and safety of drug-coated balloon (DCB) treatment in comparison to drugeluting stent (DES) for de novo coronary lesions. We investigated the long-term clinical outcomes of DCB treatment in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for de novo coronary lesions. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 103 patients scheduled for elective PCI for de novo non-small coronary lesions (≥2.5 mm) who were successfully treated with DCB alone were retrospectively compared with 103 propensity-matched patients treated with second-generation DES from the PTRG-DES registry (n=13160). All patients were followed for 5 years. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events [MACE; cardiac death, myocardial infarction, stroke, target lesion thrombosis, target vessel revascularization (TVR), and major bleeding] at 5 years. @*Results@#At 5-year clinical follow-up, Kaplan-Meier estimates of the rate of MACE were significantly lower in the DCB group [2.9% vs. 10.7%; hazard ratio (HR): 0.26; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.07–0.96; log-rank p=0.027]. There was a significantly lower incidence of TVR in the DCB group (1.0% vs. 7.8%; HR: 0.12; 95% CI: 0.01–0.98; long-rank p=0.015), and there was major bleeding only in the DES group (0.0% vs. 1.9%; log-rank p=0.156). @*Conclusion@#At 5-year follow-up, DCB treatment was significantly associated with reduced incidences of MACE and TVR, compared with DES implantation, for de novo coronary lesions.

2.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 372-381, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977390

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Bleeding events after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have important prognostic implications. Data on the influence of an abnormal ankle-brachial index (ABI) on both ischemic and bleeding events in patients undergoing PCI are limited. @*Methods@#We included patients who underwent PCI with available ABI data (abnormal ABI, ≤ 0.9 or > 1.4). The primary endpoint was the composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, and major bleeding. @*Results@#Among 4,747 patients, an abnormal ABI was observed in 610 patients (12.9%). During follow-up (median, 31 months), the 5-year cumulative incidence of adverse clinical events was higher in the abnormal ABI group than in the normal ABI group: primary endpoint (36.0% vs. 14.5%, log-rank test, p < 0.001); all-cause death (19.4% vs. 5.1%, log-rank test, p < 0.001); MI (6.3% vs. 4.1%, log-rank test, p = 0.013); stroke (6.2% vs. 2.7%, log-rank test, p = 0.001); and major bleeding (8.9% vs. 3.7%, log-rank test, p < 0.001). An abnormal ABI was an independent risk factor for all-cause death (hazard ratio [HR], 3.05; p < 0.001), stroke (HR, 1.79; p = 0.042), and major bleeding (HR, 1.61; p = 0.034). @*Conclusions@#An abnormal ABI is a risk factor for both ischemic and bleeding events after PCI. Our study findings may be helpful in determining the optimal method for secondary prevention after PCI.

3.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 413-421, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927172

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Platelet function test (PFT) results and genotype hold unique prognostic implications in East Asian patients. The aim of the PTRG-DES (Platelet function and genoType-Related long-term proGnosis in Drug-Eluting Stent-treated Patients with coronary artery disease) consortium is to assess the clinical impact thereof on long-term clinical outcomes in Korean patients with coronary artery disease during dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) including clopidogrel. @*Materials and Methods@#Searching publications on the PubMed, we reviewed clopidogrel treatment studies with PFT and/or genotype data for potential inclusion in this study. Lead investigators were invited to share PFT/genotype results, patient characteristics, and clinical outcomes to evaluate relationships among them. @*Results@#Nine registries from 32 academic centers participated in the PTRG-DES consortium, contributing individual patient data from 13160 patients who underwent DES implantation between July 2003 and August 2018. The PTRG-PFT cohort was composed of 11714 patients with available VerifyNow assay results. Platelet reactivity levels reached 218±79 P2Y12 reaction units (PRU), and high on-clopidogrel platelet reactivity based on a consensus-recommended cutoff (PRU >208) was observed in 55.9%. The PTRGGenotype cohort consisted of 8163 patients with candidate genotypes related with clopidogrel responsiveness. Of those with cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 genotype, frequencies of carrying one and two loss-of-function allele (s) (*2 or *3) were 47.9% (intermediate metabolizers) and 14.2% (poor metabolizers), respectively. @*Conclusion@#The PTRG-DES consortium highlights unique values for on-clopidogrel platelet reactivity and CYP2C19 phenotype that may be important to developing optimal antiplatelet regimens in East Asian patients.

4.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 150-163, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938689

ABSTRACT

The prevalence of ischemic heart disease is steadily growing as populations age. Antithrombotic treatment is a key therapeutic modality for the prevention of secondary cerebro-cardiovascular disease. Patients with acute coronary syndrome or who are undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention must be treated with dual antiplatelet therapy for a mandatory period. The optimal perioperative antithrombotic regimen remains debatable; antithrombotics can cause bleeding. Inadequate antithrombotic regimens are associated with perioperative ischemic events, but continuation of therapy may increase the risks of perioperative hemorrhagic complications (including mortality). Many guidelines on the perioperative management of antithrombotic agents have been established by academic societies. However, the existing guidelines do not cover all specialties, nor do they describe the thrombotic and hemorrhagic risks associated with various surgical interventions. Moreover, few practical recommendations on the modification of antithrombotic regimens in patients who require non-deferrable interventions/surgeries or procedures associated with a high risk of hemorrhage have appeared. Therefore, cardiologists, specialists performing invasive procedures, surgeons, dentists, and anesthesiologists have not come to a consensus on optimal perioperative antithrombotic regimens. The Korean Platelet-Thrombosis Research Group presented a positioning paper on perioperative antithrombotic management. We here discuss commonly encountered clinical scenarios and engage in evidence-based discussion to assist individualized, perioperative antithrombotic management in clinical practice.

5.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 204-228, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938674

ABSTRACT

Given the progressive improvements in antithrombotic strategies, management of cardiovascular disease has become sophisticated/refined. However, the optimal perioperative management of antithrombotic therapy in patients with acute coronary syndrome or who are scheduled for percutaneous coronary intervention remains unclear. Assessments of the thrombotic and hemorrhagic risks are essential to reduce the rates of mortality and major cardiac events. However, the existing guidelines do not mention these topics. This case-based consensus document deals with common clinical scenarios and offers evidence-based guidelines for individualized perioperative management of antithrombotic therapy in the real world.

6.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 586-599, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917290

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES@#Impaired recovery from left ventricular (LV) dysfunction is a major prognostic factor after myocardial infarction (MI). Because P2Y12 receptor blockade inhibits myocardial injury, ticagrelor with off-target properties may have myocardial protection over clopidogrel. In animal models, ticagrelor vs. clopidogrel protects myocardium against reperfusion injury and improves remodeling after MI. We aimed to investigate the effect of ticagrelor on sequential myocardial remodeling process after MI.@*METHODS@#High platelet inhibition with ticagrelor to improve LV remodeling in patients with ST-segment elevation MI (HEALING-AMI) is an investigator-initiated, randomized, open-label, assessor-blinded, multi-center trial done at 10 sites in Korea. Patients will be enrolled if they have ST-segment elevation MI (STEMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention and a planned duration of dual antiplatelet treatment of at least 6 months. Screened patients will be randomly assigned (1:1) using an internet-based randomization with a computer-generated blocking with stratification across study sites to either ticagrelor or clopidogrel treatment. The co-primary primary endpoints are LV remodeling index with three-dimensional echocardiography and the level of N-terminal prohormone B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) at 6 months representing post-MI remodeling processes. Changes of LV end-systolic/diastolic volume indices and LV ejection fraction between baseline and 6-month follow-up will be also evaluated. Analysis is per protocol.@*CONCLUSIONS@#HEALING-AMI is testing the effect of ticagrelor in reducing adverse LV remodeling following STEMI. Our trial would show the benefit of ticagrelor vs. clopidogrel related to the recovery of post-MI LV dysfunction beyond potent platelet inhibition.TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02224534

7.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 586-599, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759451

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Impaired recovery from left ventricular (LV) dysfunction is a major prognostic factor after myocardial infarction (MI). Because P2Y12 receptor blockade inhibits myocardial injury, ticagrelor with off-target properties may have myocardial protection over clopidogrel. In animal models, ticagrelor vs. clopidogrel protects myocardium against reperfusion injury and improves remodeling after MI. We aimed to investigate the effect of ticagrelor on sequential myocardial remodeling process after MI. METHODS: High platelet inhibition with ticagrelor to improve LV remodeling in patients with ST-segment elevation MI (HEALING-AMI) is an investigator-initiated, randomized, open-label, assessor-blinded, multi-center trial done at 10 sites in Korea. Patients will be enrolled if they have ST-segment elevation MI (STEMI) treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention and a planned duration of dual antiplatelet treatment of at least 6 months. Screened patients will be randomly assigned (1:1) using an internet-based randomization with a computer-generated blocking with stratification across study sites to either ticagrelor or clopidogrel treatment. The co-primary primary endpoints are LV remodeling index with three-dimensional echocardiography and the level of N-terminal prohormone B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) at 6 months representing post-MI remodeling processes. Changes of LV end-systolic/diastolic volume indices and LV ejection fraction between baseline and 6-month follow-up will be also evaluated. Analysis is per protocol. CONCLUSIONS: HEALING-AMI is testing the effect of ticagrelor in reducing adverse LV remodeling following STEMI. Our trial would show the benefit of ticagrelor vs. clopidogrel related to the recovery of post-MI LV dysfunction beyond potent platelet inhibition. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02224534


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Platelets , Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional , Follow-Up Studies , Korea , Models, Animal , Myocardial Infarction , Myocardium , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Random Allocation , Reperfusion Injury , Ventricular Remodeling
8.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 134-147, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917126

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES@#After the first acute myocardial infarction (AMI), a considerable proportion of patients are newly diagnosed with diabetes mellitus (DM). However, in AMI, controversy remains regarding the disparity in prognosis between previously diagnosed DM (known-DM) and newly diagnosed DM (new-DM).@*METHODS@#The study included 10,455 patients with AMI (non-DM, 6,236; new-DM, 659; known-DM, 3,560) admitted to one of 15 participating centers in Korea between November 2011 and January 2016 (average follow-up, 523 days). We compared the characteristics and clinical course of patients with known-DM and those with new- or non-DM.@*RESULTS@#Compared to patients with known-DM, those with new-DM or non-DM were younger, more likely to be male, and less likely to have hypertension, dyslipidemia, prior stroke, angina, or myocardial infarction. Compared to patients with new-DM or non-DM (reference), those with known-DM had higher risks of major adverse cardiac events (hazard ratio [HR], 1.20; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.06–1.35; p=0.004), cardiac death (HR, 1.26; 95% CI, 1.01–1.57; p=0.042), and congestive heart failure (HR, 1.58; 95% CI, 1.20–2.08). Unlike known-DM, new-DM did not increase the risk of cardiac events (including death).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Known-DM was associated with a significantly higher risk of cardiovascular events after AMI, while new-DM had a similar risk of cardiac events as that noted for non-DM. There were different cardiovascular outcomes according to diabetes status in patients with AMI.

9.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 134-147, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738680

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: After the first acute myocardial infarction (AMI), a considerable proportion of patients are newly diagnosed with diabetes mellitus (DM). However, in AMI, controversy remains regarding the disparity in prognosis between previously diagnosed DM (known-DM) and newly diagnosed DM (new-DM). METHODS: The study included 10,455 patients with AMI (non-DM, 6,236; new-DM, 659; known-DM, 3,560) admitted to one of 15 participating centers in Korea between November 2011 and January 2016 (average follow-up, 523 days). We compared the characteristics and clinical course of patients with known-DM and those with new- or non-DM. RESULTS: Compared to patients with known-DM, those with new-DM or non-DM were younger, more likely to be male, and less likely to have hypertension, dyslipidemia, prior stroke, angina, or myocardial infarction. Compared to patients with new-DM or non-DM (reference), those with known-DM had higher risks of major adverse cardiac events (hazard ratio [HR], 1.20; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.06–1.35; p=0.004), cardiac death (HR, 1.26; 95% CI, 1.01–1.57; p=0.042), and congestive heart failure (HR, 1.58; 95% CI, 1.20–2.08). Unlike known-DM, new-DM did not increase the risk of cardiac events (including death). CONCLUSIONS: Known-DM was associated with a significantly higher risk of cardiovascular events after AMI, while new-DM had a similar risk of cardiac events as that noted for non-DM. There were different cardiovascular outcomes according to diabetes status in patients with AMI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Death , Diabetes Mellitus , Dyslipidemias , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Failure , Hypertension , Korea , Myocardial Infarction , Prognosis , Stroke
10.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 512-521, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714641

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Although a low triiodothyronine (T3) state is closely associated with heart failure (HF), it is uncertain whether total T3 levels on admission is correlated with the clinical outcomes of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). The aim of this study is to investigate the prognostic value of total T3 levels for major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) in patients with AMI undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: A total of 765 PCI-treated AMI patients (65.4 ± 12.6 years old, 215 women) between January 2012 and July 2014 were included and 1-year MACCEs were analyzed. We assessed the correlation of total T3 and free thyroxine (fT4) with prevalence of 1-year MACCEs and the predictive values of total T3, fT4, and the ratio of total T3 to fT4 (T3/fT4), especially for HF requiring re-hospitalization. RESULTS: Thirty patients (3.9%) were re-hospitalized within 12 months to control HF symptoms. Total T3 levels were lower in the HF group than in the non-HF group (84.32 ± 21.04 ng/dL vs. 101.20 ± 20.30 ng/dL, p < 0.001). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed the cut-offs of total T3 levels (≤ 85 ng/dL) and T3/fT4 (≤ 60) for HF (area under curve [AUC] = 0.734, p < 0.001; AUC = 0.774, p < 0.001, respectively). In multivariate analysis, lower T3/fT4 was an independent predictor for 1-year HF in PCI-treated AMI patients (odds ratio, 1.035; 95% confidential interval, 1.007 to 1.064; p = 0.015). CONCLUSIONS: Lower levels of total T3 were well correlated with 1-year HF in PCI-treated AMI patients. The T3/fT4 levels can be an additional marker to predict HF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Area Under Curve , Heart Failure , Heart , Multivariate Analysis , Myocardial Infarction , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Prevalence , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Thyroxine , Triiodothyronine
11.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 366-376, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-76470

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Combination antiplatelet therapy reduces the risk of ischemic stroke compared with aspirin monotherapy in non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patients. The underlying mechanism, however, remains unclear. In addition, the association between platelet inhibition and thrombogenicity in NVAF has not been evaluated. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We randomized 60 patients with NVAF that were taking 100 mg of aspirin daily (>1 month) to adding 75 mg of clopidogrel daily (CLPD group), 100 mg of cilostazol twice daily (CILO group), or 1000 mg of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid twice daily (PUFA group). Biomarkers (von Willebrand factor antigen [vWF:Ag], fibrinogen, D-dimer, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein [hs-CRP]) and platelet reactivity (PR), which were the levels stimulated by adenosine diphosphate (ADP), thrombin-receptor agonist peptide, collagen, and arachidonic acid, were measured at baseline and 30-day follow-up. RESULTS: Combination antiplatelet therapy significantly reduced vWF:Ag and fibrinogen levels (7.7 IU/dL, p=0.015 and 15.7 mg/dL, p=0.005, respectively), but no changes were found in D-dimer and hs-CRP levels. The CLPD and CILO groups showed fibrinogen and vWF:Ag level reductions (24.9 mg/dL, p=0.015 and 9.3 IU/dL, p=0.044, respectively), whereas the PUFA group did not show any differences in biomarkers. Irrespective of regimen, the changes in fibrinogen and vWF:Ag levels were mainly associated with the change in ADP-mediated PR (r=0.339, p=0.008 and r=0.322, p=0.012, respectively). CONCLUSION: In patients with NVAF, combination antiplatelet therapy showed reductions for vWF:Ag and fibrinogen levels, which may be associated with the inhibitory levels of ADP-mediated PR. The clinical implications of these findings need to be evaluated in future trials.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenosine Diphosphate , Arachidonic Acid , Aspirin , Atrial Fibrillation , Biomarkers , Blood Platelets , C-Reactive Protein , Collagen , Fibrinogen , Follow-Up Studies , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Stroke
12.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 880-890, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-81013

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study is a head-to-head comparison of predictive values for long-term cardiovascular outcomes between exercise electrocardiography (ex-ECG) and computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) in patients with chest pain. METHODS: Four hundred and forty-two patients (mean age, 56.1 years; men, 61.3%) who underwent both ex-ECG and CTCA for evaluation of chest pain were included. For ex-ECG parameters, the patients were classified according to negative or positive results, and Duke treadmill score (DTS). Coronary artery calcium score (CACS), presence of plaque, and coronary artery stenosis were evaluated as CTCA parameters. Cardiovascular events for prognostic evaluation were defined as unstable angina, acute myocardial infarction, revascularization, heart failure, and cardiac death. RESULTS: The mean follow-up duration was 2.8 ± 1.1 years. Fifteen patients experienced cardiovascular events. Based on pretest probability, the low- and intermediate-risks of coronary artery disease were 94.6%. Odds ratio of CACS > 40, presence of plaque, coronary stenosis ≥ 50% and DTS ≤ 4 were significant (3.79, p = 0.012; 9.54, p = 0.030; 6.99, p < 0.001; and 4.58, p = 0.008, respectively). In the Cox regression model, coronary stenosis ≥ 50% (hazard ratio, 7.426; 95% confidence interval, 2.685 to 20.525) was only significant. After adding DTS ≤ 4 to coronary stenosis ≥ 50%, the integrated discrimination improvement and net reclassification improvement analyses did not show significant. CONCLUSIONS: CTCA was better than ex-ECG in terms of predicting long-term outcomes in low- to intermediate-risk populations. The predictive value of the combination of CTCA and ex-ECG was not superior to that of CTCA alone.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Angina, Unstable , Calcium , Chest Pain , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease , Coronary Stenosis , Coronary Vessels , Death , Discrimination, Psychological , Electrocardiography , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Failure , Myocardial Infarction , Odds Ratio , Prognosis
13.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 295-304, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-52501

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Increased arterial stiffness is a well-known risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Cilostazol, a phosphodiesterase type 3 inhibitor, is a unique antiplatelet agent with vasodilatory and vasoprotective effects. Therefore, we hypothesized that cilostazol may affect arterial stiffness. METHODS: We enrolled 161 patients (112 males; mean age, 63 years) who had undergone percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for ischemic heart disease. The brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), radial augmentation index (rAI), rAI adjusted for a heart rate of 75 beats/min (rAI75), central systolic blood pressure (cSBP), and central pulse pressure (cPP), were measured at baseline and at the 30-day follow-up. Parameter changes were compared between the cilostazol group (n = 51) and the control group (n = 110). RESULTS: In the cilostazol group, the values for rAI, cSBP, and cPP all improved after 30 days, while the control group displayed no significant interval changes in these parameters. The changes in rAI75 and baPWV did not differ significantly between the two groups. The changes in rAI, cSBP, and cPP were related to brachial systolic blood pressure, brachial diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, and the use of cilostazol and beta-blockers. In a multivariate analysis, the use of cilostazol was identified an independent factor associated with changes in rAI, cSBP, and cPP. CONCLUSIONS: The addition of cilostazol to conventional antiplatelet therapy in patients undergoing PCI may be associated with improvements in rAI, cSBP, and cPP, but not in rAI75 or baPWV. Therefore, the effects of cilostazol might be related to an increased heart rate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Blood Pressure , Cardiovascular Diseases , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Rate , Multivariate Analysis , Myocardial Ischemia , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Pulse Wave Analysis , Risk Factors , Vascular Stiffness
14.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 165-172, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-226800

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The exercise ECG test (XECG) and computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) have been used widely in initial evaluations of coronary artery disease (CAD) in real-world practice. In this study, we compared the diagnostic power of CTCA and XECG, based on conventional coronary angiography (CCA). METHODS: We enrolled 589 consecutive patients retrospectively who had been examined with both XECG and CTCA for the evaluation of CAD in outpatient clinics. Significant stenosis was defined as more than 50% diameter stenosis. Triage to CCA and/or revascularization treatment (RT) by the results of XECG and CTCA and the diagnostic accuracy of both exams, based on CCA, were investigated. RESULTS: In the 589 patients, 107 (19%) were triaged to CCA for further evaluation; in 77 (12.8%) significant stenosis was detected on CCA. Also, 65 (11%) patients underwent RT. In the CTCA results, 120 patients had significant stenosis. Of them, 58 (48%) and 75 (62%) patients were triaged to RT and CCA, respectively. Based on the XECG, 115 positive patients were triaged to RT and CCA (23 [20%]/41 [35%]). Among 107 patients with CCA, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for significant stenosis on CCA of CTCA were 89.9%, 74.0%, 90.6%, and 71.4%, respectively, and those of XECG were 50.0, 67.9, 78.0, and 37.3, respectively. The kappa value of CCA and CTCA was 0.62 (p < 0.001) and that of CCA and XECG was 0.145 (p = 0.113). CONCLUSIONS: In real-world practice, CCA was decided on more frequently, based on CTCA. CTCA showed better diagnostic accuracy than XECG.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ambulatory Care Facilities , Constriction, Pathologic , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease , Electrocardiography , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Triage
15.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 609-613, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741095

ABSTRACT

Stress-induced cardiomyopathy is a disease characterized by acute transient left ventricular dysfunction following exposure to stressful situations. We encountered an 80-year-old woman with complete atrioventricular block and normal LV systolic function. After permanent pacemaker implantation, electrocardiogram showed inverted T-waves in precordial leads. Follow-up echocardiographic findings indicated dyskinesia of the apical wall. Final diagnosis was stress-induced cardiomyopathy associated with a physically stressful condition (i.e., pacemaker implantation).


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Atrioventricular Block , Cardiomyopathies , Dyskinesias , Electrocardiography , Follow-Up Studies , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left
16.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 217-220, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741065

ABSTRACT

Glossopharyngeal neuralgia is a rare disease that is characterized by sharp pain in the posterior pharynx, tonsils, and larynx, triggered by swallowing. Glossopharyngeal neuralgia can trigger bradycardia or asystole, which can induce life-threatening cardiac syncope. A 55-year-old male was admitted with severe paroxysmal pain in his left jaw and ear, followed by asystole and syncope. We report a patient with cardiac syncope associated with glossopharyngeal neuralgia treated with a permanent pacemaker.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bradycardia , Deglutition , Ear , Glossopharyngeal Nerve Diseases , Heart Arrest , Jaw , Larynx , Palatine Tonsil , Pharynx , Rare Diseases , Syncope
17.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 609-613, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-53455

ABSTRACT

Stress-induced cardiomyopathy is a disease characterized by acute transient left ventricular dysfunction following exposure to stressful situations. We encountered an 80-year-old woman with complete atrioventricular block and normal LV systolic function. After permanent pacemaker implantation, electrocardiogram showed inverted T-waves in precordial leads. Follow-up echocardiographic findings indicated dyskinesia of the apical wall. Final diagnosis was stress-induced cardiomyopathy associated with a physically stressful condition (i.e., pacemaker implantation).


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Atrioventricular Block , Cardiomyopathies , Dyskinesias , Electrocardiography , Follow-Up Studies , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left
18.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 441-448, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-21309

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The prognostic impact of empirical anti-tuberculous management according to adenosine deaminase (ADA) levels in patients exhibiting pericardial effusion (PE) has not been established. We evaluated the appropriateness of ADA-guided anti-tuberculous medication for patients with PE. METHODS: From 2001 to 2010, 47 patients with PE and who were diagnosed with either tuberculous pericarditis (TbP) or idiopathic pericarditis (IP) were enrolled. The diagnosis of definite TbP was made by the presence of Tb bacilli or caseous granuloma in pericardial tissue or effusion. The diagnosis of probable TbP was made by the presence of one or more of the following: (1) elevated ADA (> or = 40 IU/L) in pericardial fluid, (2) positive Tb interferon test, or (3) extracardiac presence of Tb. All clinical information was collected by medical record review and telephone contact. RESULTS: Among the 47 patients with PE, 12 were diagnosed with definite TbP; 17, with probable TbP; and 18, with IP. The mean ADA level was significantly higher in patients with definite TbP than in patients with IP (74.97 +/- 36.79 vs. 20.14 +/- 7.39 IU/L; p < 0.001). The optimal ADA cutoff value for diagnosis of definite TbP was 64 IU/L. The median follow-up time was 12.1 months (range, 0.17-100 months). In patients with low levels of ADA (< 40 IU/L), the incidence of death or recurrence did not different between patients who were prescribed anti-tuberculous medication and those who were not. CONCLUSIONS: The ADA level in pericardial fluid was useful for making a rapid diagnosis of tuberculous pericarditis. Even in tuberculosis-endemic areas, patients with ADA < 40 IU/L may have a good prognosis without empirical anti-tuberculous treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenosine , Adenosine Deaminase , Follow-Up Studies , Granuloma , Incidence , Interferons , Medical Records , Organophosphates , Pericardial Effusion , Pericarditis , Pericarditis, Tuberculous , Prognosis , Recurrence , Telephone
19.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 217-220, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-208718

ABSTRACT

Glossopharyngeal neuralgia is a rare disease that is characterized by sharp pain in the posterior pharynx, tonsils, and larynx, triggered by swallowing. Glossopharyngeal neuralgia can trigger bradycardia or asystole, which can induce life-threatening cardiac syncope. A 55-year-old male was admitted with severe paroxysmal pain in his left jaw and ear, followed by asystole and syncope. We report a patient with cardiac syncope associated with glossopharyngeal neuralgia treated with a permanent pacemaker.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bradycardia , Deglutition , Ear , Glossopharyngeal Nerve Diseases , Heart Arrest , Jaw , Larynx , Palatine Tonsil , Pharynx , Rare Diseases , Syncope
20.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 625-628, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-173659

ABSTRACT

Cardiac injury is a common but occasionally serious complication of blunt chest trauma. A ventricular septal rupture (VSR) is a rare complication and is variable in its presentation, temporal course and severity. Here, we report a rare case of 75-year-old man who developed delayed VSR following blunt chest trauma.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Thoracic Injuries , Thorax , Ventricular Septal Rupture
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