Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 9 de 9
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 455-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972938

ABSTRACT

Organ transplantation is an effective treatment for multiple end-stage diseases. In recent years, rapid progress has been made in the field of organ transplantation, which has been widely accepted and applied in clinical practice. However, low utilization rate of donors and high postoperative complications remain to be urgently resolved. Heat shock protein (HSP) is a category of protein family induced by heat shock or other stressors. Upon stress stimulation, HSP plays an anti-inflammation, anti-oxidation and anti-apoptosis role in mitigating the stress-induced damage. HSP is also involved in the processes of promoting immune response and anti-rejection, etc. Organ transplantation, as a stress stimulus, could induce HSP to function in the process of organ transplantation through many patterns, thereby alleviating the allograft damage, improving the utilization rate of donors and prolonging the postoperative survival of recipients. In this article, research status on the role of HSP in lung transplantation, heart transplantation, liver transplantation and kidney transplantation were reviewed, aiming to provide reference for donor protection of organ transplantation and treatment of postoperative complications.

2.
The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology ; : 61-73, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969186

ABSTRACT

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a kind of malignant tumor with high incidence and mortality in the digestive system. The aim of this study is to explore the function of lnc-ABCA12-3 in the development of ESCC and its unique mechanisms. RT-PCR was applied to detect gene transcription levels in tissues or cell lines like TE-1, EC9706, and HEEC cells. Western blot was conducted to identify protein expression levels of mitochondrial apoptosis and toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)uclear factor kappa-B (NF-κB) signaling pathway. CCK-8 and EdU assays were carried out to measure cell proliferation, and cell apoptosis was examined by flow cytometry. ELISA was used for checking the changes in glycolysis-related indicators.Lnc-ABCA12-3 was highly expressed in ESCC tissues and cells, which preferred it to be a candidate target. The TE-1 and EC9706 cells proliferation and glycolysis were obviously inhibited with the downregulation of lnc-ABCA12-3, while apoptosis was promoted. TLR4 activator could largely reverse the apoptosis acceleration and relieved the proliferation and glycolysis suppression caused by lnc-ABCA12-3 downregulation. Moreover, the effect of lnc-ABCA12-3 on ESCC cells was actualized by activating the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway under the mediation of exosome. Taken together, the lnc-ABCA12-3 could promote the proliferation and glycolysis of ESCC, while repressing its apoptosis probably by regulating the TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway under the mediation of exosome.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3919-3929, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011151

ABSTRACT

Depsides and depsidones have attracted attention for biosynthetic studies due to their broad biological activities and structural diversity. Previous structure‒activity relationships indicated that triple halogenated depsidones display the best anti-pathogenic activity. However, the gene cluster and the tailoring steps responsible for halogenated depsidone nornidulin ( 3) remain enigmatic. In this study, we disclosed the complete biosynthetic pathway of the halogenated depsidone through in vivo gene disruption, heterologous expression and in vitro biochemical experiments. We demonstrated an unusual depside skeleton biosynthesis process mediated by both highly-reducing polyketide synthase and non-reducing polyketide synthase, which is distinct from the common depside skeleton biosynthesis. This skeleton was subsequently modified by two in-cluster enzymes DepG and DepF for the ether bond formation and decarboxylation, respectively. In addition, the decarboxylase DepF exhibited substrate promiscuity for different scaffold substrates. Finally, and interestingly, we discovered a halogenase encoded remotely from the biosynthetic gene cluster, which catalyzes triple-halogenation to produce the active end product nornidulin ( 3). These discoveries provide new insights for further understanding the biosynthesis of depsidones and their derivatives.

4.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 301-305, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923377

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the safety of endoscopic thoracic sympathicotomy in the treatment of primary hyperhidrosis based on ambulatory surgery mode. Methods    Retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 158 patients with primary hyperhidrosis who received endoscopic thoracic sympathicotomy in the Affiliated Hospital of Zunyi Medical University from January 2019 to March 2021. There were 68 (43.2%) males and 90 (56.8%) females with an average age of 14-33 (20.5±3.1) years. The basic information of the patients, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative pain score, hospitalization expenses and postoperative complications were observed and recorded. Results    All surgeries were successfully completed and the patients were discharged as planned. The operation time was 41.8±13.9 min, the intraoperative blood loss was 10.5±7.3 mL, the postoperative anesthesia recovery time was 15.0±5.9 min, and the pain score was 3.0±0.9 points. The total length of hospitalization was 1.6±1.0 days. The total postoperative expenses were 9 471.7±1 698.9 yuan. Pneumothorax occurred after the operation in 3 patients. Telephone follow-up on the 30th day after the operation showed no recurrence of sweaty hands, pneumothorax or rapid heart rate, and no serious complications or death related to the day operation within 30 days after the operation. Conclusion    Endoscopic thoracic sympathicotomy based on ambulatory surgery mode is safe and effective in the treatment of primary hyperhidrosis.

5.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 334-338, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776344

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Mediastinal infection is a serious infection of mediastinal connective tissue, with more complications and higher mortality. Application of broad-spectrum antibiotics and nutritional support, early sufficient drainage is the key to successful treatment. In the mode of drainage, this paper discusses the application of continuous negative pressure drainage technique to treat acute anterior mediastinal infection of severe mouth pharynx source, and the good results are summarized and shared.@*METHODS@#In January to December in 2017, a total of 17 cases treated acute mediastinal infection is derived from the throat, has formed a mediastinal abscess, surgery adopts retrosternal counterpart negative pressure drainage way, namely the sternum nest and free sternum xiphoid process under the incision on the first mediastinal clearance, make breakthrough and placed drainage device, suture closed wound, continuous negative pressure drainage, negative pressure using 3 cm-5 cm water column.@*RESULTS@#Among the 17 patients, 14 patients were relieved by continuous negative pressure drainage, and then the drainage tube was removed. In 2 cases, the infection broke into the right thoracic cavity, and the closed drainage caused the negative pressure to disappear, and the negative pressure drainage was replaced by the conventional drainage, and the drainage tube was removed after the drainage tube was clear. One patient had formed a mediastinal abscess incision drainage time later, complicated with septic shock and sepsis, resulting in the death of multiple organ failure.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The traditional treatment of severe acute mediastinal infection is sternal incision and drainage. Continuous negative pressure drainage adequate drainage of mediastinal can relieve patients' pain, effusion, and avoid the dressing out repeatedly. It is an effective method. However, there are limitations in this method, which need to be further optimized.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Drainage , Methods , Mediastinal Diseases , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Mediastinum , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Pharyngeal Diseases , Diagnostic Imaging
6.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 1-6, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618573

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical values of the modified thoracic drainage devices that were applied in treatment of primary spontaneous pneumothorax patients who underwent single-port video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. Methods Clinical data of 82 primary spontaneous pneumothorax patients who underwent single-port video-assisted thoracoscopic lung wedge resection and pleurodesis from January 1st, 2015 to August 31st, 2016 was analyzed retrospectively. These patients, according to the thoracic drainage devices, were divided into traditional group (Group A, n = 42) or modified group (Group B, n = 40). These statistical data, including duration of thoracic drainage, lengths of hospital stay, duration of using antibiotic, amounts of pleural drainage, scales of pain, and complications of the two groups of patients in postoperative stage, were compared. Results There was no significant differences (P > 0.05) in volumes of thoracic drainage while there were significant differences (P < 0.05) in duration of thoracic drainage, lengths of hospital stay, duration of using antibiotic, scales of pain, and complications in postoperative stage between the two groups. And patients in group B had shorter time of thoracic drainage, hospital stay, and using antibiotic, lower scales of pain and rates of complications when compared with group A. Conclusion There are some clinical values of application of modified thoracic drainage devices in treatment of primary spontaneous pneumothorax underwent single-port video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery, because of it could give the patients fast recovery and made the operations simpler.

7.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 16-19, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621287

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the status of lymph node dissection under thoracoscopic surgery and open surgery in patients with thoracic esophageal carcinoma. Methods 16 cases of thoracic esophageal cancer received thoracoscopic surgery from August 2012 to June 2015 as minimally invasive group (group M), 17 cases of thoracic esophageal cancer with the same pathological staging received traditional open surgery during the same period as control group (group C), the number of lymph nodes and the positive rate of lymph node metastasis were compared. Results In group M, the total number of 228 lymph nodes, mean (14.27 ± 5.61) pieces, the positive rate was 12.50%; while in group C, the total number of 241 lymph nodes, mean (16.20 ± 6.24) pieces, the positive rate was 11.76%. Two different pathological staging in patients with lymph nodes dissection has no significant difference ( >0.05). In group M, 7 cases with lymph node metastasis, 45 metastatic lymph nodes, metastasis rate was 43.75 %, 19.74 % degree of metastasis; while in group C, 8 cases with lymph node metastasis, 55 metastatic lymph nodes, metastasis rate was 47.06%, transfer degree was 22.82%.Conclusions Minimally invasive surgery can achieve the same effect with the traditional open chest surgery, in treatment of thoracic esophageal cancer with high operability.

8.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 669-672, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-448354

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of genistein on proliferation and apoptosis of human non -small cell lung cancer cell line A549/DDP.Methods:①MTT assay was applied to evaluate the resistance index of A 549/DDP cell line to cisplatin and half in-hibitory concentration ( IC50 ) .②Inhibition rate of A549/DDP cell proliferation and IC 50 value were evaluated by MTT assay after treat-ment with 0, 1.25, 2.5, 5.0, 10, 20, 40, 60, 80 μg/ml genistein for 48 hour respectively.③A549/DDP cell cycle and apoptosis were evaluated by flow cytometry after treatment with 6.25, 12.5, 25 μg/ml genistein for 24 hours respectively.Results:①In expo-sing to cisplatin, the IC50 of A549 and A549/DDP was 33.6 μmol/L and 76.9 μmol/L respectively.The resistance index was 2.3. Cell growth inhibition rate increased following the cisplatin concentration increasing gradually .②A549/DDP growth inhibition rate in-creased at first and later decreased gradually following treatment with the genistein dose increased .The IC50 of A549 and A549/DDP was about 85.1 μg/ml and 80.2μg/ml respectively.③After treatment with 6.25, 12.5, 25μg/ml genistein for 24 hours, there were more A549/DDP cells arresting and showing apoptosis along with the genistein dose increased .Conclusion: Genistein can inhibit A549/DDP proliferation, cause A549/DDP arresting in G2/M phase and induce A549/DDP cell apoptosis with dose dependently .

9.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (24): 643-646, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447441

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the methods of preventing and managing the complications in thoracoscopic lobectomy. Methods:The participants of this study included 317 patients undergoing lobectomy with video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in the Department of Thoracic Surgery between January 2007 and December 2012. Intra-operative complications were observed, and countermeasures were summarized. Results: Complications occurred 28 times (8.8%), including bleeding in 16 cases because of accidental vascular injury (5.0%), accidental injury/break of bronchus in two cases (0.6%), vascular stump errhysis from cutting stapler in four cases (1.3%), lung stump air leakage in three cases (0.9%), lung injury in two cases (0.6%), and diaphragmatic injury in one case (0.3%). Conversion to thoracotomy was conducted in 17 cases, with a conversion rate of 5.4%. Thoracoscopic repair operation was performed in 14 cases that exhibited bleeding, with a success rate of 70% (14/20). No mortality was reported during the operation. Conclusion:Thoracoscopic lobectomy is a highly difficult method in thoracic surgeries. The procedure requires substantial attention on the timely prevention and correct management of intra-operative complications, particularly the injury and bleeding of major vessels, to reduce the rate of conversion to thoracotomy and the incidence of post-operative complications, as well as to promote the surgery in clinics.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL