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1.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 45-50, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988952

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of flumatinib in the treatment of imatinib-resistant or imatinib-intolerant patients with chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML-CP).Methods:The clinical data of 9 CML-CP patients who received flumatinib after imatinib resistance or intolerance in Jining No. 1 People's Hospital from April 2020 to May 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were evaluated for the hematologic, cytogenetic and molecular responses, progression-free survival (PFS), event-free survival (EFS), and adverse reactions.Results:Among 9 CML-CP patients, there were 4 imatinib-resistant patients and 5 imatinib-intolerant patients. The median duration of flumatinib exposure was 17 months (1-25 months). Except for 1 case who discontinued flumatinib early due to grade 4 thrombocytopenia and other adverse reactions, 7 of the remaining 8 cases achieved the best response at 3, 6 and 12 months of flumatinib therapy. By the end of follow-up in April 2022, 7, 7 and 6 patients achieved complete cytogenetic response (CCyR), major molecular response (MMR) and molecular response 4.5 (MR4.5), respectively. The median time to achieving CCyR, MMR and MR4.5 was 4.5 months (3-6 months), 12 months (3-12 months) and 15 months (3-21 months), respectively. Within 17 months (11-25 months) of follow-up, 7 of the 9 patients had EFS and 8 patients with continuous flumatinib had PFS. Among 9 patients treated with flumatinib, hematologic adverse reactions were observed in 6 cases, and grade 3-4 hematologic adverse reactions occurred in 2 cases. Non-hematologic reactions events mainly included diarrhea (4 cases), muscle ache (2 cases), fatigue (2 cases) and liver damage (2 cases), which were all grade 1-2.Conclusions:Flumatinib is effective and well tolerated in the treatment of imatinib-resistant or imatinib-intolerant CML-CP patients.

2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1083-1095, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970424

ABSTRACT

Biorefinery of chemicals from straw is an effective approach to alleviate the environmental pollution caused by straw burning. In this paper, we prepared gellan gum immobilized Lactobacillus bulgaricus T15 gel beads (LA-GAGR-T15 gel beads), characterized their properties, and established a continuous cell recycle fermentation process for D-lactate (D-LA) production using the LA-GAGR-T15 gel beads. The fracture stress of LA-GAGR-T15 gel beads was (91.68±0.11) kPa, which was 125.12% higher than that of the calcium alginate immobilized T15 gel beads (calcium alginate-T15 gel beads). This indicated that the strength of LA-GAGR-T15 gel beads was stronger, and the strain was less likely to leak out. The average D-LA production was (72.90±2.79) g/L after fermentation for ten recycles (720 h) using LA-GAGR-T15 gel beads as the starting strain and glucose as the substrate, which was 33.85% higher than that of calcium alginate-T15 gel beads and 37.70% higher than that of free T15. Subsequently, glucose was replaced by enzymatically hydrolyzed corn straw and fermented for ten recycles (240 h) using LA-GAGR-T15 gel beads. The yield of D-LA reached (1.74±0.79) g/(L·h), which was much higher than that of using free bacteria. The wear rate of gel beads was less than 5% after ten recycles, which indicated that LA-GAGR is a good carrier for cell immobilization and can be widely used in industrial fermentation. This study provides basic data for the industrial production of D-LA using cell-recycled fermentation, and provides a new way for the biorefinery of D-LA from corn straw.


Subject(s)
Fermentation , Lactobacillus delbrueckii , Zea mays , Lactic Acid , Alginates/chemistry , Glucose
3.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 718-726, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986981

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the regulatory effects of GABAergic neurons in the zona incerta (ZI) on sevoflurane and propofol anesthesia.@*METHODS@#Forty-eight male C57BL/6J mice divided into 8 groups (n=6) were used in this study. In the study of sevoflurane anesthesia, chemogenetic experiment was performed in 2 groups of mice with injection of either adeno-associated virus carrying hM3Dq (hM3Dq group) or a virus carrying only mCherry (mCherry group). The optogenetic experiment was performed in another two groups of mice injected with an adeno-associated virus carrying ChR2 (ChR2 group) or GFP only (GFP group). The same experiments were also performed in mice for studying propofol anesthesia. Chemogenetics or optogenetics were used to induce the activation of GABAergic neurons in the ZI, and their regulatory effects on anesthesia induction and arousal with sevoflurane and propofol were observed; EEG monitoring was used to observe the changes in sevoflurane anesthesia maintenance after activation of the GABAergic neurons.@*RESULTS@#In sevoflurane anesthesia, the induction time of anesthesia was significantly shorter in hM3Dq group than in mCherry group (P < 0.05), and also shorter in ChR2 group than in GFP group (P < 0.01), but no significant difference was found in the awakening time between the two groups in either chemogenetic or optogenetic tests. Similar results were observed in chemogenetic and optogenetic experiments with propofol (P < 0.05 or 0.01). Photogenetic activation of the GABAergic neurons in the ZI did not cause significant changes in EEG spectrum during sevoflurane anesthesia maintenance.@*CONCLUSION@#Activation of the GABAergic neurons in the ZI promotes anesthesia induction of sevoflurane and propofol but does not affect anesthesia maintenance or awakening.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Propofol/pharmacology , Sevoflurane/pharmacology , Zona Incerta , Anesthesia, General , GABAergic Neurons
4.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 417-428, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929099

ABSTRACT

Dopaminergic neurons in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) play an important role in cognition, emergence from anesthesia, reward, and aversion, and their projection to the cortex is a crucial part of the "bottom-up" ascending activating system. The prelimbic cortex (PrL) is one of the important projection regions of the VTA. However, the roles of dopaminergic neurons in the VTA and the VTADA-PrL pathway under sevoflurane anesthesia in rats remain unclear. In this study, we found that intraperitoneal injection and local microinjection of a dopamine D1 receptor agonist (Chloro-APB) into the PrL had an emergence-promoting effect on sevoflurane anesthesia in rats, while injection of a dopamine D1 receptor antagonist (SCH23390) deepened anesthesia. The results of chemogenetics combined with microinjection and optogenetics showed that activating the VTADA-PrL pathway prolonged the induction time and shortened the emergence time of anesthesia. These results demonstrate that the dopaminergic system in the VTA has an emergence-promoting effect and that the bottom-up VTADA-PrL pathway facilitates emergence from sevoflurane anesthesia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Anesthesia , Dopaminergic Neurons/metabolism , Receptors, Dopamine D1/metabolism , Sevoflurane/pharmacology , Ventral Tegmental Area/metabolism
5.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 719-725, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929717

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate clinical features of adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with TET2 gene mutation and effects of TET2 mutation on therapeutic efficacy and prognosis.Methods:A total of 123 newly diagnosed adult AML patients (except for acute promyelocytic leukemia) admitted to Jining No.1 People's Hospital from March 2017 to April 2021 were selected. Mutations of 24 AML-related genes including TET2 mutation were detected by using second-generation sequencing technology. Patients were divided into two groups according to the presence of TET2 mutation: TET2 mutation group and TET2 wild type group. The differences in clinicopathological characteristics, short-term efficacy and survival of both groups were compared.Results:Among 123 patients, TET2 mutation was detected in 28 cases (22.8%). Compared with TET2 wild type group, the patients were older [(59±15) years vs.(49±16) years, t = 2.984, P = 0.003], French-American-British (FAB) Corporative Group M 4 and M 5 subtypes were more common [75.0% (21/28) vs. 51.6% (49/95), χ2 = 4.838, P = 0.028], and the positive rate of CD34 in AML patients was lower in TET2 mutation group [46.4% (13/28) vs.72.6% (69/95), χ2 = 6.685, P = 0.010]. Moreover, TET2 mutation was more likely to be accompanied with ZRSR2 mutation [10.7% (3/28) vs. 1.1% (1/95), P = 0.037] and NPM1 mutation [35.7% (10/28) vs.17.9% (17/95), χ2 = 4.008, P = 0.045], but less likely to be accompanied with IDH1/2 mutation [0 vs.17.9% (17/95), P = 0.012]. However, there were no statistically significant differences in gender, peripheral blood leukocyte count at initial diagnosis, hemoglobin level, platelet count, bone marrow blasts ratio, cytogenetics and the European LeukemiaNet (ELN) risk stratification between the two groups (all P>0.05). In addition, there were no significant differences in the overall response rate (ORR) of 1 cycle chemotherapy [75.0% (12/16) vs. 66.7% (42/63), χ2 = 0.410, P = 0.522] and demethylation therapy [66.7% (4/6) vs. 44.4% (8/18), P = 0.640]. The difference in overall survival (OS) of both groups was not statistically significant [median OS time: 23 months (95% CI 5-41 months) vs. 35 months (95% CI 18-52 months, P = 0.498]. Conclusions:In AML patients, TET2 mutation is associated with advanced age, M 4 and M 5 subtypes, and low expression of CD34 on AML blasts. TET2 mutation is commonly accompanied by ZRSR2 and NPM1 mutation, but not IDH1 or IDH2 mutation. TET2 mutation may have no significant effects on therapeutic efficacy and survival in the whole cohort of AML patients without risk stratification.

6.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 348-351, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772488

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a digital subtraction angiography (DSA) information management and image analysis system to realize scientific management of DSA image information and efficient processing of image data.@*METHODS@#Based on Java Web under Windows 7 environment, a dynamic Browser/Server mode system was constructed by JSP and Servlet on the network. Eclipse and MySQL were used as development tool and database development platform. Tomcat network information service was used as application server. Matlab codes were embedded to analyze DSA image.@*RESULTS@#The system consists of five modules:image information management, image processing, image analysis, advanced retrieval and clinical data management. It may complete such process as storing, deleting, saving, analyzing of DSA image and basic information of patients.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The main interface of the system is user-friendly and easy to operate. The system will be helpful to the clinical, teaching and scientific research work related to DSA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Databases, Factual , Indonesia , Information Management , Internet , Software , User-Computer Interface
7.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 343-346, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755555

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate whether the thalamic paraventricular nucleus mediates orexiner-gic ( orexin ) neurons-induced promotion of emergence from general anesthesia by using the optogenetics method in mice. Methods Twenty healthy male Hcrt-cre mice, aged 8-10 weeks, weighing 20-25 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=5 each) using a random number table method: retrograde labeled viruses channelrhodopsin group ( R group) , anterograde labeled viruses channelrhodopsin group ( A group) , retro-grade labeled viruses control group ( RC group ) , and anterograde labeled viruses control group ( AC group) . The optogenetics technique was used in each group. Anesthesia was induced and maintained through inhaling 1% isoflurane and pure oxygen 1. 0 L∕min. Electroencephalogram was monitored througout the procedure with the PowerLab monitoring system. The burst suppression ratio ( BSR) was recorded at 1 min before light stimulation and during light stimulation. Results Compared with RC group or the baseline at 1 min before light stimulation, the BSR was significantly decreased during light stimulation in R group ( P<0. 05) . Compared with AC group or the baseline at 1 min before light stimulation, the BSR was signifi-cantly decreased during light stimulation in group A ( P<0. 05) . Conclusion Optogenetics technique ap-plication once again confirms that orexin neurons can promote emergence from general anesthesia through thalamic paraventricular nucleus in mice.

8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 13-24, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310288

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>In order to accurately reconstruct the acoustic source image, the application of transducer's receiving characteristics in magneto-acoustic tomography with magnetic induction (MAT-MI) is studied.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The conductivity phantom model is built, and the magnetic acoustic signals are simulated and the acoustic sources are reconstructed according to the transducer's receiving characteristics.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The reconstructed image of acoustic source is consistent with the topographic shape and size of the phantom model.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>MAT-MI based on the transducer's characteristics lays the foundation for further study.</p>


Subject(s)
Acoustics , Magnetic Phenomena , Magnetics , Tomography , Transducers
9.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 163-165, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264245

ABSTRACT

With regard to the large amount of calculation in image mosaic algorithm, an image mosaic algorithm based on extended phase correlation of edge is presented. The improved wavelet edge detection algorithm is to detect edge of blood vessels. Then the image translation, rotation and scale changes are calculated by the extended phase correlation method. These parameters are utilized to stitch images. Finally, image fusion can be achieved by fade-in-fade-out method. It is proved by experiments that this algorithm is simple to calculate, and can effectively achieve the image mosaic.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Fundus Oculi , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Methods
10.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 19-21, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-325945

ABSTRACT

In this study, ECG signals of normal sinus rhythm (NSR), ventricular tachycardia (VT) and ventricular fibrillation (VF) were taken out to extract the RR interval series. Approximate entropy (ApEn) values of the RR interval series were calculated and compared among the three groups by ANOVA methods. It was found that the values of ApEn were increased significantly from NSR to VT and then to VF. Approximate entropy may be regarded as an index to discriminate the ECG signals of different state.


Subject(s)
Humans , Electrocardiography , Methods , Entropy , Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1738-1742, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338771

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the Ri plasmid transformation and metabolism of ginseng products on HepG2 cells.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The inhibitory effect of ginseng saponin on hepatoma HepG2 cells was studied. The hairy root-induced conditions were screened by orthogonal experimental design. The culture conditions were determined through hairy root biomass accumulation and saponin content. The effect of ginsenoside on HepG2 cells was determined by MTT assay.</p><p><b>RESULT AND CONCLUSION</b>The optimal ginseng hairy root inducing conditions: A = 0.6, infection time of 10 min, pre-incubation time for the 3 d. The best culture conditions: MS medium, pH 6.1, 24 degrees C. At those conditions the hairy root bio-accumulation and saponin content were higher. The results of ginseng saponins on the inhibitory effect of HepG2 cells showed that inhibition of ginseng saponins on HepG2 was the concentration positively related.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Cell Proliferation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Metabolism , Pharmacology , Genetic Engineering , Methods , Hep G2 Cells , Panax , Chemistry , Genetics , Metabolism , Plasmids , Genetics , Saponins , Pharmacology , Transformation, Genetic
12.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 181-184, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330486

ABSTRACT

According to fundus fluorescein angiography images characteristics, this paper proposes a feature based image mosaic vessel edge method. First, detect edge of blood vessels by carrying on the pretreatment to the fundus fluorescein angiography image in the foundation, wavelet edge detection algorithm. Then, the matching method based on chain code feature is described. Finally, a local area based on gray level information of the image fusion method is applied to angiographic image series. Data processing results show that the method can generate an ideal mosaic effect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fluorescein Angiography , Methods , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Methods , Radiography , Retinal Vessels , Diagnostic Imaging
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 281-284, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289384

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the instantaneous expression aFGF-GFP fusion gene in Carthamus tinctorius.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Molecular biology methods were applied to construct aFGF and GFP fusion gene vector, it is transformed into C. tinctorius by Agrobacterium tumefaciens, forming the resistant callus, fluorescence microscopy was used for detection.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>aFGF gene and GFP gene were amplified by PCR reaction. It was successfully constructed plant fluorescence expression vector pCAMBIA1390: :35S: :aFGF-GFP, it was used to transform C. tinctorius, and the acquired resistance calli showed strong green fluorescence under UV light.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The expression of GFP in resistance C. tinrictorius calli is good, it is indicated that aFGF gene in plant cells has also been expressed.</p>


Subject(s)
Carthamus tinctorius , Genetics , Metabolism , Cloning, Molecular , Fibroblast Growth Factors , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression , Green Fluorescent Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Recombinant Fusion Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism
14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 411-417, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330549

ABSTRACT

In this study, the automatic segmentation of the irregular lesion region in the image of fundus fluorescence angiography was actualized by means of the modified Back Propagation (BP) neural network method. Combining the transfer scaling coefficient between pixel of the image and the actual size, the area of the irregular lesion region was measured. The results may provide valuable data for the clinical diagnosis, treatment and prognostic evaluation.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Fluorescein Angiography , Methods , Nerve Net , Retinal Diseases , Diagnosis , Pathology
15.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 676-680, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294594

ABSTRACT

Chaos and fractals are ubiquitous phenomena of nature. A system with fractal structure usually behaves chaos. As a complicated nonlinear dynamics system, heart has fractals structure and behaves as chaos. The deeper inherent mechanism of heart can be opened out when the chaos and fractals theory is utilized in the research of the electrical activity of heart. Generally a time series of a system was used for describing the status of the strange attractor of the system. The indices include Poincare plot, fractals dimension, Lyapunov exponent, entropy, scaling exponent, Hurst index and so on. In this article, the basic concepts and the methods of chaos and fractals were introduced firstly. Then the applications of chaos and fractals theories in the study of electrocardial signal were expounded with example of how they are used for ventricular fibrillation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Electrocardiography , Methods , Fractals , Nonlinear Dynamics , Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted , Stochastic Processes
16.
Space Medicine & Medical Engineering ; (6)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-579464

ABSTRACT

Objective To definite the status of tone of autonomic nervous system during water immersion process by analyzing the nonlinear characteristic of ECG signals;To explore the relation of approximate entropy(ApEn),scaling exponent(?) changes and modulation function status of autonomic nervous system.Methods The ECG signals of rats during the process of restraint stress(RS),water-immersion restraint stress(WRS) and Vagotomy and Water-immersion restraint stress(vagotomy-WRS) were recorded.The ApEn and ? of RR intervals were calculated.Results After the stress,the differences of the value of ApEn and ? of RR intervals between RS and vagotomy-WRS groups and between different periods in vagotomy-WRS group were not significant.The value of ApEn increased in WRS group and decreased in RS group significantly.Compared with pre-stress,? showed decreased trend,all of the values smaller than 0.5 in WRS group and increased obviously,most values larger than 0.5 in RS group.Conclusion The increased ApEn and decreased ? indicates a higher intensity of parasympathetic activity.The parasympathetic activity is the predominant response of autonomic nervous system during water immersion process.

17.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-552517

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare and analyze the performance indexes and the imaging quality of the home and imported X-ray machines through testing their partial imaging performance parameters. Methods By separate sampling from 10 home and 10 imported X-ray machines, the parameters including tube current, time of exposure, machine total exposure, and repeatability were tested, and the imaging performance was evaluated according to the national standard. Results All the performance indexes met the standard of GB4505-84. The first sampling tests showed the maximum changing coefficient of imaging performance repeatability of the home X-ray machines was ?max1=0.025,while that of the imported X-ray machine was ?max1=0.016. In the second sampling tests, the maximum changing coefficients of the two were ?max2=0.048 and ?max2=0.022, respectively. Conclusion The 2 years′ follow-up tests indicate that there is no significant difference between the above-mentioned parameters of the elaborately adjusted home X-ray machines and imported ones, but the home X-ray machines are no better than the imported X-ray machines in stability and consistency.

18.
Chinese Medical Equipment Journal ; (6)1989.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-583493

ABSTRACT

This paper introduces the application of H7279intelligent display chip to the selection and display of different kinds of analog electrocardiogram output by the analog electrocardiogram generator controlled by a single chip micyoco(SCM).

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