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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914305

ABSTRACT

Sleep deficiency is a common public health problem associated with many diseases, such as obesity and cardiovascular disease. In this study, we established a sleep deprivation (SD) mouse model using a ‘stick over water’ method and observed the effect of sleep deficiency on ocular surface health. We found that SD decreased aqueous tear secretion; increased corneal epithelial cell defects, corneal sensitivity, and apoptosis; and induced squamous metaplasia of the corneal epithelium. These pathological changes mimic the typical features of dry eye. However, there was no obvious corneal inflammation and conjunctival goblet cell change after SD for 10 days. Meanwhile, lacrimal gland hypertrophy along with abnormal lipid metabolites, secretory proteins and free amino-acid profiles became apparent as the SD duration increased. Furthermore, the ocular surface changes induced by SD for 10 days were largely reversed after 14 days of rest. We conclude that SD compromises lacrimal system function and induces dry eye. These findings will benefit the clinical diagnosis and treatment of sleep-disorder-related ocular surface diseases.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418454

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the brain electrophysiological mechanism of object rotation in first-episode schizophrenia.Methods 30 patients with schizophrenia and 28 normal healthy people,who were from the Center for Mental Disease Control and Prevention,Third Hospital of PLA,took part in the mental rotation tasks,then the incubation period and amplitude of P500,and the wrong number and reaction time were measured.Results Compared with control group ( normal:(494.16 ± 34.68 ) ms,( 9.56 ± 2.54) μV; mirror:(496.51 ± 33.10 ) ms,(6.38 ± 2.41 ) μV),schizophrenia' incubation periods were significantly delayed ( normal:( 571.30 ± 51.21 ) ms;mirror:(573.41 ±39.27) ms) and volatility were significantly lower ( normal:(4.26 ± 1.01 ) μV; mirror:(3.61± 1.21 )μV) in normal and mirror rotation (P<0.05 ).The mirror-normal differences were not significant on the incubation periods of two groups (P > 0.05 ) ; the mirror-normal image differences were not significant on the patient group' volatility (P > 0.05 ) ; the normal volatility was significantly higher than mirror in the control group (P < 0.05).Conclusion Schizophrenia'mental rotation ability is impaired,and mirror-normal differences on mental rotation are disappeared.It can be used as an early-stage clinical auxiliary diagnosis index.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-517201

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effect of antisense RNA on osteopontin (OPN) expression in renal tubular epithelial cells. METHODS: Cell clone expressing stably OPN antisense RNA was formed by transfering retroviral vector expressing OPN antisense RNA into renal tubular epithelial cells, NRK52E cells, using liposome, with cell clones transfected by empty vector and vector expressing OPN sense RNA as controls. Ribonuclease protection assay(RPA), Western Blot, ELISA and assay of OPN activity were performed to detect expression of OPN mRNA and protein in above clones cultured with or without epidermal growth factor(EGF). RESULTS: The antisense RNA was only expressed by antisense clone. Antisense clone, sense clone and empty clone all expressed OPN mRNA. EGF enhanced expression of OPN mRNA, but not OPN antisense RNA or OPN sense RNA in above clones. OPN protein was not expressed in antisense clone cultured with or without EGF and empty clone cultured without EGF, but was expressed in sense clone cultured with or without EGF and empty clone cultured with EGF. CONCLUSION: Antisense RNA can inhibit OPN protein expression by means of preventing OPN mRNA translation, but not inhibit OPN mRNA transcription in renal tubular epithelial cells.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-518118

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the role of infiltration of macrophages and expression of intracellular adhesion molecule-1 in the pathogenesis of oleic-acid-induced acute lung injury rats. METHODS: The rats were subjected to injection of oleic acid (oleic acid group) or saline solution (control). After injecting oleic acid or saline for 4 hours, the PaO 2 of the left heart, lung permeability index(LPI), the number of macrophage and the levels of soluble intercellular molecule-1 (sICAM-1) in the bronchial alveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were measured. The levels of expression of ICAM-1 mRNA were evaluated by in situ hybridization and the degree of macrophage infiltration and the expression of ICAM-1 were evaluated by double staining immunocytochemistry. RESULTS: The PaO 2 of the oleic acid group was significantly lower than that of the control group (P

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-536791

ABSTRACT

Objective To clarify the features and early diagnosis of the traumatic diaphragmatocele associated with pelvic fracture. Methods The clinical materials of 486 multiple injuried patients with pelvic fractures as main trauma were retrospectively analysed. The pathogenesis, clinical manifestation and reasons for misdiagnosis in 9 cases of traumatic diaphragmatocele were analysed. Results In this series, the incidence of the traumatic diaphragmatocele was 1.9%(9 of 486). Because of under recognition of this associated injury, 7 in 9 cases of traumatic diaphagmatocele were misdiagnosed or undiagnosed. The incidence of misdiagnosis was 77.8% in this series. Conclusion The main reason for the occurrence of diaphragmatocele was the rapid increase of the intra abdominal pressure which resulted in rupture of the weak area of the diaphragm. Type B1 pelvic fracture can cause traumatic diaphragmatocele easily. The symptoms of the diaphragm hernia are easily overlooked when the trauma is serious or the patient is in shock. Because the early symptoms are not often evident and typical, the doctor can not notice it thoroughly. The main reason for misdiagnosis of the diaphragm hernia is the poor clinical presentation and sign of the diaphragmtocele which initially is very similar to that of the thoraco abdominal injury. In the case with chest and abdominal symptoms concomitant with pelvic fracture should be observed carefully and the chest and abdominal radiographs should be taken as soon as possible. Closed attention should be paid to diaphragmatocele when treating a pelvic fracture in consideration of 7 out of 9 patients being misdiagnosed in this series.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-537507

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the causes and treatment of severe intraspinal canal infections after spinal operation. Methods Five cases of severe postoperative intraspinal canal infections were analysed retrospectively. Their causes, clinical courses were studied. The principle of prevention and treatment was summarized. Results All of the cases have good results except one had sequelae of mild disturbance of sensation and motion in both lower limbs. Conclusion 1)Intraspinal canal infection is one of the most severe postoperative complications. Preoperative preparation, aseptic techniques, intraoperative and postoperative treatments is of great importance to prevent severe intraspinal canal infections. 2) Bed rest, systemic support and large-dose of blood brain barrier permeable antibiotics is also very important to treat severe postoperative intraspinal canal infections.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-551393

ABSTRACT

Using the IL—6 dependent hybridoma cell line KD83, we investigated the relationship between KNA—anti—DNA immune complexes(DNA—anti—DNAICs)from the sera of lupus nephritis patients and interleukin 6 (IL—6) production by mouse glomerular mesangial cells cultured in vitro. The results show that DNA—anti—DNA IgM and DNA—anti—DNA IgG and DNA—anti—DNA IgM all enhance IL—6 production by mesangial cells; of those DNA—anti—DNA IC, the effect of DNA—anti—DNA IgM on IL—6 production by mesangial cells was significant. This enhanced production of IL—6 by mesangial cells was dependent on concentration of DAN—anti—DNA ICs.

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