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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915513

ABSTRACT

Background@#Some reports have suggested that the clinical and economic burdens of asthma are associated with blood eosinophil levels. The association between clinical burden and blood eosinophil counts were evaluated in a Korean adult asthma cohort. @*Methods@#Clinical information including blood eosinophil counts that were not affected by systemic corticosteroids were extracted from the Cohort for Reality and Evolution of Adult Asthma in Korea database. Clinical burden was defined as 1) asthma control status, 2) medication demand and 3) acute exacerbation (AE) events during 1 consecutive year after enrollment. All patients were divided into atopic and non-atopic asthmatics. The associations between asthma outcomes and the blood eosinophil count were evaluated. @*Results@#In total, 302 patients (124 atopic and 178 non-atopic asthmatics) were enrolled. In all asthmatics, the risk of severe AE was higher in patients with blood eosinophil levels < 100 cells/µL than in patients with levels ≥ 100 cells/µL (odds ratio [OR], 5.406; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.266–23.078; adjusted P = 0.023). Among atopic asthmatics, the risk of moderate AE was higher in patients with blood eosinophil levels ≥ 300 cells/µL than in patients with levels < 300 cells/µL (OR, 3.558; 95% CI, 1.083–11.686; adjusted P = 0.036). Among non-atopic asthmatics, the risk of medication of Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) steps 4 or 5 was higher in patients with high blood eosinophil levels than in patients with low blood eosinophil levels at cutoffs of 100, 200, 300, 400, and 500 cells/µL. @*Conclusion@#The baseline blood eosinophil count may predict the future clinical burden of asthma.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927019

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The study investigated the incidence of thromboembolic events (TEE) in head and neck (H&N) cancer patients who received concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) with cisplatin, and analyzed the factors affecting TEE occurrence @*Methods@#Two hundred and fifty-seven patients who started CCRT with cisplatin for H&N cancer from January 2005 to December 2019 were analyzed. @*Results@#TEE occurred in five patients, an incidence rate of 1.9%. The 2-, 4-, and 6-month cumulative incidences of TEE were 0.8%, 1.6%, and 1.9%, respectively. Khorana score was the only factor associated with TEE occurrence (p = 0.010). @*Conclusions@#The incidence of TEE in H&N cancer patients who underwent CCRT with cisplatin was relatively low when compared to other types of cancer. However, patients with a high Khorana score require more careful surveillance for possible TEE occurrence.

3.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926401

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Globus pharyngeus is one of the most common symptoms of patients visiting otorhinolaryngology out-patient clinic, and usually long-lasting, difficult to treat, and frequently recurrent. Mucomyst®, N-acetyl cysteine is an inhalation agent mainly used for mucolysis and reducing inflammation in airway via antioxidative effect. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of inhaled Mucomyst® treatment in patients with globus pharyngeus refractory to proton pump inhibitor (PPI).Materials and Method We prospectively evaluated the efficacy of Mucomyst® in relieving symptoms of globus pharyngeus refractory to PPI in nine medical centers. Three hundred and three patients enrolled and finally 229 patients finished the inhaled Mucomyst® therapy for 8 weeks. We analyzed the change of Reflux Symptom Index (RSI), Reflux Finding Score (RFS), Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for globus, and Globus Pharyngeus Symptom Scale (GPS) after use of Mucomyst® for 4 and 8 weeks. @*Results@#The GPS, RSI, RFS, and VAS score significantly decreased serially in patients who finished 8 week-inhalation treatment. The GPS improvement gap was significantly correlated with initial GPS (p<0.001) in multiple regression analysis. @*Conclusion@#Inhaled Mucomyst® therapy was effective for the reduction of both subjective and objective findings in refractory globus patients. This study might suggest new treatment option for patients with globus. However, further thorough studies would be needed to assess the real effect of inhaled Mucomyst® treatment as a standard treatment for globus.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889890

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCs) are frequently diagnosed at the locoregional advanced stage (stage IVa), but controversy remains regarding whether stage IVa HSNCs should be treated with upfront surgery or definitive chemoradiation therapy (CRT). The purpose of this study was to compare overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) in patients with stage IVa HNSC treated primarily by surgery with curative intent with/without (neo)adjuvant treatment (surgery group) versus those treated primarily with CRT (CRT group). @*Methods@#. We reviewed data of 1,033 patients with stage IVa HNSC treated with curative intent at 17 cancer centers between 2010 and 2016. @*Results@#. Among 1,033 patients, 765 (74.1%) received upfront surgery and 268 (25.9%) received CRT. The 5-year OS and DFS rates were 64.4% and 62.0% in the surgery group and 49.5% and 45.4% in the CRT group, respectively. In multivariate analyses, OS and DFS were better in the surgery group than in the CRT group (odds ratio [OR] for death, 0.762; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.592–0.981; OR for recurrence, 0.628; 95% CI, 0.492–0.802). In subgroup analyses, the OS and DFS of patients with oropharyngeal cancer were better in the surgery group (OR for death, 0.548; 95% CI, 0.341–0.879; OR for recurrence, 0.598; 95% CI, 0.377–0.948). In the surgery group, patients with laryngeal cancer showed better OS (OR for death, 0.432; 95% CI, 0.211–0.882), while those with hypopharyngeal cancer DFS was improved (OR for recurrence, 0.506; 95% CI, 0.328–0.780). @*Conclusion@#. A survival benefit from surgery may be achieved even in patients with stage IVa HNSC, particularly those with oropharyngeal and laryngeal cancer. Surgery led to a reduction in the recurrence rate in patients with hypopharyngeal cancer.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897594

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCs) are frequently diagnosed at the locoregional advanced stage (stage IVa), but controversy remains regarding whether stage IVa HSNCs should be treated with upfront surgery or definitive chemoradiation therapy (CRT). The purpose of this study was to compare overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) in patients with stage IVa HNSC treated primarily by surgery with curative intent with/without (neo)adjuvant treatment (surgery group) versus those treated primarily with CRT (CRT group). @*Methods@#. We reviewed data of 1,033 patients with stage IVa HNSC treated with curative intent at 17 cancer centers between 2010 and 2016. @*Results@#. Among 1,033 patients, 765 (74.1%) received upfront surgery and 268 (25.9%) received CRT. The 5-year OS and DFS rates were 64.4% and 62.0% in the surgery group and 49.5% and 45.4% in the CRT group, respectively. In multivariate analyses, OS and DFS were better in the surgery group than in the CRT group (odds ratio [OR] for death, 0.762; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.592–0.981; OR for recurrence, 0.628; 95% CI, 0.492–0.802). In subgroup analyses, the OS and DFS of patients with oropharyngeal cancer were better in the surgery group (OR for death, 0.548; 95% CI, 0.341–0.879; OR for recurrence, 0.598; 95% CI, 0.377–0.948). In the surgery group, patients with laryngeal cancer showed better OS (OR for death, 0.432; 95% CI, 0.211–0.882), while those with hypopharyngeal cancer DFS was improved (OR for recurrence, 0.506; 95% CI, 0.328–0.780). @*Conclusion@#. A survival benefit from surgery may be achieved even in patients with stage IVa HNSC, particularly those with oropharyngeal and laryngeal cancer. Surgery led to a reduction in the recurrence rate in patients with hypopharyngeal cancer.

6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920254

ABSTRACT

The treatment outcome of advanced squamous cell carcinoma involving the head and neck is well known to be dire and usually needs multimodality treatment even including optimal reconstruction after ablative surgery. When a significant area of the soft tissue is resected, reconstruction of oral cavity or pharynx needs to minimize morbidities while achieving adequate functional outcomes. For the better functional outcome, invasive approaching procedures such as lip and jaw splitting, or extensive floor of mouth or pharyngeal muscle ablation should be avoided. Without these surgical procedures, reconstructive surgeons may encounter technical difficulties in flap inset due to deep and narrow space after head and neck cancer resection. In a deep and narrow surgical defect, accurate approximation and suture is extremely difficult. Eventually, repeated flap manipulation and stretch might be inevitable, and even pedicle kinking or injury could happen. Herein, we suggested the “parachute” technique, which was generally used in blood vessels or aortic valve suturing in a narrow surgical field and for avoiding mismatched suture. We applied this “parachute” technique for free-flap inset to head and neck defect, and we herein report our successful outcomes.

7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-917696

ABSTRACT

Background/Objectives@#Extra-nodal extension (ENE) is one of the strongest prognosticators in oral cancers. Here we tried to evaluate clinicopathological factors associated with the presence of ENE.Materials & Methods: We retrospectively analyzed clinical information of 120 patients who diagnosed with oral cancer and received curative surgery at our hospital from Mar 2012 to Apr 2020. We comparatively analyzed clinicopathological factors associated with the presence of lymph node (LN) metastasis and ENE, respectively. @*Results@#Variable factors of primary tumor characteristics such as lymphovascular invasion, perineural invasion, largest diameter of tumor, depth of invasion and maximum standardized uptake value were significantly associated with the presence of cervical LN metastasis. The largest diameter of tumor was statistically significant also in multivariate analysis for predicting the LN metastasis. Meanwhile, the association between primary tumor characteristics and the presence of ENE were not statistically significant except the primary tumor size. Importantly, factors associated with LN characteristics including the maximum diameter and number of metastatic LNs were significantly associated with ENE. @*Conclusion@#In this study, several factors affecting cervical LN metastasis and ENE in oral cancer patients were identified. The ENE seems to be influenced by the status of the metastatic LNs, such as the number of metastatic LNs, rather than the characteristics of the primary tumor itself.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811066

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Asthma control in older asthmatics is often less effective, which may be attributed to small airway dysfunction and poor inhalation technique. We compared the efficacy of 2 inhalers (fluticasone propionate/formoterol treatment using a pressurized metered-dose inhaler [p-MDI group] vs. fluticasone propionate/salmeterol treatment using a dry powder inhaler [DPI group]) in older asthmatics.METHODS: We conducted a 12-week, randomized, open-label, parallel-designed trial in older patients (over 55 years old) with moderate-to-severe asthma, and compared the efficacy and safety for asthma control between the 2 groups. Subgroup analyses on disease duration and air trapping were performed. Clinical parameters, including changes in lung function parameters, inhaler technique and adherence, were compared with monitoring adverse reactions between the 2 groups.RESULTS: A total of 68 patients underwent randomization, and 63 (30 in the p-MDI group and 33 in the DPI group) completed this study. The p-MDI group was non-inferior to the DPI group with regard to the rate of well-controlled asthma (53.3% vs. 45.5%, P < 0.001; a predefined non-inferiority limit of 17%). In subgroup analyses, the proportion of patients who did not reach well-controlled asthma in the p-MDI group was non-inferior to that in the DPI group; the difference was 12.7% among those with a longer disease duration (≥ 15 years) and 17.5% among those with higher air-trapping (RV/TLC ≥ 45%), respectively (a predefined non-inferiority limit of 17%, P < 0.001). No significant differences were observed in lung function parameters, inhalation techniques, adherence and adverse reactions between the 2 groups.CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the p-MDI group may be comparable to the DPI group in the management of older asthmatics in aspects of efficacy and safety.


Subject(s)
Airway Management , Asthma , Dry Powder Inhalers , Fluticasone , Humans , Inhalation , Lung , Medication Adherence , Metered Dose Inhalers , Nebulizers and Vaporizers , Random Allocation
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888909

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#A need for useful measures reflective of the socio-economic burden of chronic urticaria (CU) has arisen. To obtain utility estimates for CU, we investigated EuroQol-5-Dimension (EQ-5D) indices according to urticaria control status and urticaria severity. @*Methods@#In this prospective observational study, we administered patient-oriented questionnaires on EQ-5D and urticaria outcomes, including Urticaria Activity Score over 7 days (UAS7), Urticaria Control Test (UCT), and CU-specific quality of life (CU-QOL). EQ-5D utility index scores were compared according to urticaria control status and disease severity. Conditional process analysis (CPA) was used to map EQ-5D utility scores from UAS7 and UCT. @*Results@#Greater EQ-5D utility values were obtained in patients with better urticaria control (0.91 ± 0.10 for well controlled CU, 0.84 ± 0.12 for partly controlled, 0.77 ± 0.14 for uncontrolled, P < 0.001). According to CU severity, mean utility values were ranged from 0.746 (severe, UAS7 ≥ 28) to 0.860 (moderate), 0.878 (mild), and 0.953 (urticaria free). CPA suggested that UAS7 was directly correlated with UCT (regression coefficient, −0.251; 95% confidence interval [CI], −0.278, −0.223; P < 0.001) and EQ-5D utility (−0.002; 95% CI, −0.003, −0.001; P = 0.007) after controlling for age, sex, urticaria duration, and combined allergic diseases. @*Conclusions@#EQ-5D values increased with improvement in urticaria control and decreased with urticaria severity. A predictive model mapping EQ-5D utility from UAS7 and UCT scores suggested that EQ-5D can be useful for the pharmacoeconomic evaluation of individualized treatments for CU patients.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896613

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#A need for useful measures reflective of the socio-economic burden of chronic urticaria (CU) has arisen. To obtain utility estimates for CU, we investigated EuroQol-5-Dimension (EQ-5D) indices according to urticaria control status and urticaria severity. @*Methods@#In this prospective observational study, we administered patient-oriented questionnaires on EQ-5D and urticaria outcomes, including Urticaria Activity Score over 7 days (UAS7), Urticaria Control Test (UCT), and CU-specific quality of life (CU-QOL). EQ-5D utility index scores were compared according to urticaria control status and disease severity. Conditional process analysis (CPA) was used to map EQ-5D utility scores from UAS7 and UCT. @*Results@#Greater EQ-5D utility values were obtained in patients with better urticaria control (0.91 ± 0.10 for well controlled CU, 0.84 ± 0.12 for partly controlled, 0.77 ± 0.14 for uncontrolled, P < 0.001). According to CU severity, mean utility values were ranged from 0.746 (severe, UAS7 ≥ 28) to 0.860 (moderate), 0.878 (mild), and 0.953 (urticaria free). CPA suggested that UAS7 was directly correlated with UCT (regression coefficient, −0.251; 95% confidence interval [CI], −0.278, −0.223; P < 0.001) and EQ-5D utility (−0.002; 95% CI, −0.003, −0.001; P = 0.007) after controlling for age, sex, urticaria duration, and combined allergic diseases. @*Conclusions@#EQ-5D values increased with improvement in urticaria control and decreased with urticaria severity. A predictive model mapping EQ-5D utility from UAS7 and UCT scores suggested that EQ-5D can be useful for the pharmacoeconomic evaluation of individualized treatments for CU patients.

11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913268

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Recent studies of food allergy (FA) at all ages are scanty in Korea. We performed this study to better understand severity-related and age-stratified causes of FA from infants to older adults in a single tertiary hospital in Korea. @*Methods@#A retrospective medical record review was performed on patients of all ages diagnosed with immediate-type FA between March 2008 and February 2018 in Ajou University Hospital. @*Results@#A total of 4,680 cases of FA among 2,733 patients were reported. The distribution of onset ages of the first FA symptom was as follows: 45.3% below 2 years, 16.2% at 2–6 years, 5.5% at 7–12 years, 4.0% at 13–18 years, 16.9% at 19–40 years, 10.4% at 41–65 years, and 1.8% above 65 years of age. The major 10 causative foods were hen’s eggs (17.2%), cow’s milk (16.7%), wheat (8.6%), crustaceans (8.5%), fish (4.6%), walnuts (4.4%), pork (3.2%), peanuts (3.2%), shellfish (3.0%), and peach (2.2%). The culprits ranked from the 11th to the 20th were as follows: soybean, apple, chicken, buckwheat, beef, kiwi, almonds, perilla seeds, tomato, and squid. The top 3 causative foods in children were hen’s eggs, cow’s milk, and wheat, while those in adults were crustaceans, wheat, and fish. Food-induced anaphylaxis was reported in 29.2% of all cases, with cow’s milk, hen’s eggs, wheat, crustaceans, fish, walnuts, pork, shellfish, buckwheat, and peanuts being the major 10 causes. @*Conclusion@#This study could provide a better understanding of the detailed ranks of the causes of FA according to severity and age in Korea.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831339

ABSTRACT

The Korean Bronchoesophagological Society appointed a task force to develop a clinical practice guideline for tracheostomy. The task force conducted a systematic search of the Embase, Medline, Cochrane Library, and KoreaMed databases to identify relevant articles, using search terms selected according to key questions. Evidence-based recommendations for practice were ranked according to the American College of Physicians grading system. An external expert review and a Delphi questionnaire were conducted to reach a consensus regarding the recommendations. Accordingly, the committee developed 18 evidence-based recommendations, which are grouped into seven categories. These recommendations are intended to assist clinicians in performing tracheostomy and in the management of tracheostomized patients.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786671

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Macrophages have been known to have diverse roles either after tissue damage or during the wound healing process; however, their roles in flap wound healing are poorly understood. In this study, we aimed to evaluate how macrophages contribute to the flap wound regeneration.METHODS: A murine model of a pedicled flap was generated, and the time-course of the wound healing process was determined. Especially, the interface between the flap and the residual tissue was histopathologically evaluated. Using clodronate liposome, a macrophage-depleting agent, the functional role of macrophages in flap wound healing was investigated. Coculture of human keratinocyte cell line HaCaT and monocytic cell line THP-1 was performed to unveil relationship between the two cell types.RESULTS: Macrophage depletion significantly impaired flap wound healing process showing increased necrotic area after clodronate liposome administration. Interestingly, microscopic evaluation revealed that epithelial remodeling between the flap tissue and residual normal tissue did not occurred under the lack of macrophage infiltration. Coculture and scratch wound healing assays indicated that macrophages significantly affected the migration of keratinocytes.CONCLUSION: Macrophages play a critical role in the flap wound regeneration. Especially, epithelial remodeling at the flap margin is dependent on proper macrophage infiltration. These results implicate to support the cellular mechanisms of impaired flap wound healing.


Subject(s)
Cell Line , Clodronic Acid , Coculture Techniques , Humans , Keratinocytes , Liposomes , Macrophages , Regeneration , Surgical Flaps , Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719512

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Frequent changes in chronic urticaria (CU) activity over time can cause psychological stress, which also serves as a trigger of CU. To measure the control status of CU, the Urticaria Control Test (UCT) was developed in Germany. This study aimed to investigate the validity, reliability and responsiveness to changes in CU for the Korean version of the UCT (K-UCT) and its relation with salivary cortisol and cortisone levels. METHODS: Linguistic adaptation of the UCT into Korean was conducted. A total of 96 CU patients were enrolled, and 80 of them completed the study. The K-UCT and other outcome scores for CU were measured and repeated after 4 weeks of treatment. Control status was classified by physicians into well-controlled, partly-controlled, and uncontrolled CU. Salivary cortisol and cortisone were measured by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. RESULTS: Excellent internal consistency and intra-class reliability were obtained. Strong correlations between the K-UCT and disease severity, reflected in the Urticaria Activity Score (UAS)/global assessment of urticaria control by physicians/patient assessment of symptom severity/CU-specific quality of life were noted. K-UCT scores ≥12 were found to be optimal for determining well-controlled CU (sensitivity, 75.0%; specificity, 758%; area under the curve, 0.824). Perceived stress scale scores were significantly correlated with the UAS and the K-UCT. Salivary cortisone levels were significantly correlated with K-UCT (r = 0.308, P = 0.009) and differed significantly according to control status determined by a K-UCT ≥12. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that the K-UCT can be a valid instrument with which to gauge CU control status in Korean patients. Further studies are needed to validate salivary cortisone as a biomarker for CU control.


Subject(s)
Cortisone , Germany , Humans , Hydrocortisone , Korea , Linguistics , Mass Spectrometry , Quality of Life , Sensitivity and Specificity , Stress, Psychological , Urticaria
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830006

ABSTRACT

Malakoplakia is usually found in the genitourinary tract; however, it occurs uncommonly as a chronic inflammatory disease and rarely in the head and neck area, having been reported in the literature only few times. Here, we report, with a review of the related literature, a case of malakoplakia on the posterior neck. A 76-year-old male patient visited our institution presenting a rapidly growing neck mass that had invaded the overlying skin for several weeks. The results of imaging studies strongly indicated a malignant tumor, but an accurate diagnosis was not made until after a fine needle aspiration biopsy was undertaken twice. The lesion was completely excised with an extended radical neck dissection including the overlying skin and scalene muscle upon consent of the patient. The pathological diagnosis was made with various immunohistochemical staining methods including Von Kossa, Periodic acid-Schiff-diastase, CD-68 and CD163. During the 24 months follow-up after the surgery, there was no sign of recurrence.

16.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 446-453, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742561

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT) is the only curative treatment for allergic diseases, but a few allergic patients receive AIT. In this multicenter cross-sectional study, we aimed to explore patient and physician perspectives on AIT through a questionnaire survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Allergic patients who received subcutaneous immunotherapy for at least 1 year were asked to answer a questionnaire developed by an expert panel of allergen and immunotherapy workgroup in Korea. RESULTS: A total of 267 patients (adults, 60.3%) with allergic rhinitis (91.4%), asthma (42.7%), or atopic dermatitis (20.2%) from referred hospitals completed the survey. Among patients and physicians, respectively, the overall rates of satisfaction with AIT for allergic rhinitis were 86.4% and 83.3% (kappa agreement=0.234, p<0.001), and those for asthma were 85.3% and 72.9% (kappa agreement=0.373, p<0.001). Moreover, pediatric asthmatic patients reported a significantly higher satisfaction rate than adult asthmatic patients after AIT (p=0.040). Symptom severity (p<0.001, respectively) and drug use for allergic rhinitis and asthma decreased after AIT. However, there was no significant difference in satisfaction rates between children and adults in allergic rhinitis (p=0.736). Interestingly, 35.7% and 35% of allergic rhinitis and asthma patients, respectively, reported experiencing improvement in their symptoms within 6 months of starting AIT. CONCLUSION: In this study evaluating the perspectives of patients and physicians on AIT, the majority of patients were satisfied with the efficacy and safety of AIT, but not its cost. AIT should be recommended for AR and allergic patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Asthma , Child , Cross-Sectional Studies , Dermatitis, Atopic , Desensitization, Immunologic , Humans , Immunotherapy , Korea , Patient Satisfaction , Rhinitis, Allergic , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739412

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: In asthmatic patients, treatment with corticosteroids, in addition to conventional risk factors for osteoporosis, may lead to bone loss. Trabecular bone score (TBS) is an indirect new parameter of bone quality. This study aimed to evaluate TBS in asthmatics in comparison to propensity score-matched controls and to investigate correlations between TBS and cumulative systemic and inhaled corticosteroid doses 1 year prior to bone mineral density (BMD) measurement in patients with asthma. METHODS: In total, 627 patients with asthma and the same number of non-asthmatic controls matched for sex and age were included in this retrospective cohort study. TBS was calculated in the lumbar region, based on 2 dimensional projections of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. RESULTS: Patients with severe asthma exhibited lower vertebral TBS values (1.32 ± 0.1) than those with non-severe asthma (1.36 ± 0.1, P = 0.001), with non-active asthma (1.38 ± 0.1, P < 0.001), and without asthma (1.39 ± 0.1, P < 0.001). No significant differences in BMD were noted among the study groups. TBS was significantly correlated with cumulative systemic and inhaled corticosteroid doses as well as asthma duration, lung function and airway hyper-responsiveness. A generalized linear model revealed that age, severe asthma, and frequency of oral corticosteroid burst were significant predictors for TBS levels. CONCLUSIONS: TBS can be used as an early indicator of altered bone quality stemming from glucocorticoid therapy or, possibly, more severe asthma.


Subject(s)
Absorptiometry, Photon , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Asthma , Bone Density , Cohort Studies , Humans , Linear Models , Lumbosacral Region , Lung , Osteoporosis , Respiratory Hypersensitivity , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760111

ABSTRACT

Malakoplakia is usually found in the genitourinary tract; however, it occurs uncommonly as a chronic inflammatory disease and rarely in the head and neck area, having been reported in the literature only few times. Here, we report, with a review of the related literature, a case of malakoplakia on the posterior neck. A 76-year-old male patient visited our institution presenting a rapidly growing neck mass that had invaded the overlying skin for several weeks. The results of imaging studies strongly indicated a malignant tumor, but an accurate diagnosis was not made until after a fine needle aspiration biopsy was undertaken twice. The lesion was completely excised with an extended radical neck dissection including the overlying skin and scalene muscle upon consent of the patient. The pathological diagnosis was made with various immunohistochemical staining methods including Von Kossa, Periodic acid-Schiff-diastase, CD-68 and CD163. During the 24 months follow-up after the surgery, there was no sign of recurrence.


Subject(s)
Aged , Biopsy , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Head , Humans , Lymphatic Diseases , Malacoplakia , Male , Neck Dissection , Neck , Recurrence , Skin
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762712

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: An enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol incorporates up-to-date perioperative care principles; the primary aim in using an ERAS protocol is to reduce issues that delay the recovery and cause the complications. The aim of this study was to compare outcomes associated with head and neck cancer surgery with free-flap reconstruction before and after implementation of an ERAS protocol. METHODS: Outcomes were analyzed by dividing patients into 2 groups: 29 patients in the non-ERAS group and 60 patients in the ERAS group. The ERAS group performed a prospective observational cohort study of patients who underwent a head and neck cancer surgery with free-flap reconstruction in Ajou University Hospital from August 2015 to December 2017. The non-ERAS group retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who had undergone the same surgery from August 2012 to July 2015. RESULTS: Demographics, comorbidities, hospital length of stay (LOS), postoperative complications, starting time of rehabilitation, and postoperative periods before radiotherapy for the non-ERAS and ERAS groups were compared. Hospital LOS was significantly lower for patients whose care followed the ERAS protocol than for patients in the non-ERAS group (30.87 ± 20.72 days vs. 59.66 ± 40.43 days, P < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: In this study, hospital LOS was reduced through fast recovery after the implementation of the ERAS protocol. Therefore, the ERAS protocol appeared feasible and safe in head and neck cancer surgery with free-flap reconstruction.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Comorbidity , Demography , Free Tissue Flaps , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Head , Humans , Length of Stay , Medical Records , Perioperative Care , Postoperative Care , Postoperative Complications , Postoperative Period , Prospective Studies , Radiotherapy , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Rehabilitation , Retrospective Studies
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762166

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Ultra-rush schedule of subcutaneous allergen immunotherapy (UR-SCIT) administering maximum maintenance dose of allergen extract within one day can save time and effort for allergen immunotherapy in patients with allergic disease. However, UR-SCIT is associated with an increased risk of systemic reaction (SR) and typically has been conducted in a hospital admission setting. To overcome disadvantages of UR-SCIT, we evaluated the safety of UR-SCIT conducted in an outpatient clinic in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) and allergic rhinitis (AR). METHODS: UR-SCIT was performed in 538 patients with AD and/or AR sensitized to house dust mite (HDM). A maximum maintenance dose of tyrosine-adsorbed HDM extract (1 mL of maintenance concentration) was divided into 4 increasing doses (0.1, 0.2, 0.3, and 0.4 mL) and administered to the patients by subcutaneous injection at 2-hour intervals for 8 hours in an outpatient clinic. SRs associated with UR-SCIT were classified according to the World Allergy Organization grading system. RESULTS: SR was observed in 12 of 538 patients (2.2%) with AD and/or AR during UR-SCIT. The severity grades of the observed SRs were mild-to-moderate (grade 1 in 7 patients, grade 2 in 4 patients, and grade 3 in 1 patient). The scheduled 4 increasing doses of HDM extract could be administered in 535 of 538 patients (99.4%) except 3 patients who experienced SR before administration of the last scheduled dose. SR was observed within 2 hours in 11 patients after administration of the scheduled doses of HDM extract except one patient who experienced a grade 2 SR at 5.5 hours after administration of the last scheduled dose. CONCLUSIONS: UR-SCIT with tyrosine-adsorbed HDM extract conducted in an outpatient clinic was tolerable in patients with AD and AR. UR-SCIT can be a useful method to start a SCIT in patients with AD and AR.


Subject(s)
Ambulatory Care Facilities , Appointments and Schedules , Dermatitis, Atopic , Desensitization, Immunologic , Dust , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Injections, Subcutaneous , Methods , Outpatients , Pyroglyphidae , Rhinitis, Allergic
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