Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 54
Filter
1.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 159-166, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925512

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#We analyzed the learning curve of single-port robotic (SPR)-assisted rectal cancer surgery. @*Methods@#Fifty-seven consecutive SPR-assisted rectal cancer surgery cases performed by the same surgeon were considered in surgical interventions for rectal cancer. Total operation time (OT), docking time (DT), and surgeon console time (SCT) measured during surgery were used to parametrize the learning curve. The parameters representing the learning curve were evaluated using the cumulative sum (CUSUM). @*Results@#The mean value of total OT was 241.8 ± 91.7 minutes, the mean value of DT was 20.6 ± 19.1 minutes, and the mean value of SCT was 135.9 ± 66.7 minutes. The learning curve was divided into phase 1 (initial 16 cases), phase 2 (second 16 cases), and phase 3 (subsequent 25 cases). The peak on the CUSUM graph occurred in the 21st case. The longest OT among phases was in phase 2. Complications were most frequent in phase 2. However, complications of Clavien-Dindo (CD) grade IIIb were most frequent in phase 3 with 2 patients. The most common complications were fluid collection and urinary retention (7 patients each). Complications of CD grade IIIb required one stomal revision due to stoma obstruction and one irrigation and loop ileostomy due to anastomosis leakage. @*Conclusion@#Improvement in surgical performance of SPR assisted rectal cancer operation was achieved after 21 cases.The three phases identified in the cumulative sum analysis showed a significant decrease in operative time after the middle stage of the learning curve without an increase in the complication rate.

2.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 88-92, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925434

ABSTRACT

Recently, abdominoperineal resection (APR) using a robot has been demonstrated in other studies. However, there has been no report on APR for rectal cancer using the single-port robot (SPR) platform. In response to this research gap, we described the clinical experience of APR using a SPR. From April 2019 to March 2020, APR using a SPR platform was performed in a total of 4 patients. Three patients had a transumbilical approach, and 1 patient had a transstoma site approach. The average operation time was 307 minutes, and the patient docking time to the SPR platform was 133.5 minutes. There were no complications during the operation, and no laparoscopy or open conversion. No reoperation occurred within 30 days. Mild postoperative complications occurred in 2 patients. We found that APR has safety and feasibility in surgery using an SPR platform. There was no intraoperative event and severe postoperative complications.

3.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 60-68, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925429

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Identification of type I protein arginine methyltransferase (PRMT) substrates and their functional significance during tumorigenesis is becoming more important. The present study aimed to identify target substrates for type I PRMT using 2-dimensional (2D) gel electrophoresis (GE) and 2D Western blotting (WB). @*Methods@#Using immunoblot analysis, we compared the expression of type I PRMTs and endogenous levels of arginine methylation between the primary colorectal cancer (CRC) and adjacent noncancerous tissues paired from the same patient. To identify arginine-methylated proteins in HCT116 cells, we carried out 2D-GE and 2D-WB with a type I PRMT product-specific antibody (anti-dimethyl-arginine antibody, asymmetric [ASYM24]). Arginine-methylated protein spots were identified by mass spectrometry, and messenger RNA (mRNA) levels corresponding to the identified proteins were analyzed using National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) microarray datasets between the primary CRC and noncancerous tissues. @*Results@#Type I PRMTs and methylarginine-containing proteins were highly maintained in CRC tissues compared to noncancerous tissues. We matched 142 spots using spot analysis software between a Coomassie blue (CBB)-stained 2D gel and 2D-WB, and we successfully identified 7 proteins that reacted with the ASYM24 antibody: CACYBP, GLOD4, MAPRE1, CCT7, TKT, CK8, and HSPA8. Among these proteins, the levels of 4 mRNAs including MAPRE1, CCT7, TKT, and HSPA8 in CRC tissues showed a statistically significant increase compared to noncancerous tissues from patients using the NCBI microarray datasets. @*Conclusion@#Our results indicate that the method shown here is useful in identifying arginine-methylated proteins, and significance of arginine modification in the proteins identified here should be further identified during CRC development.

4.
Korean Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (2): 27-35, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938471

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Various clinical practice guidelines recommend at least 12 regional lymph nodes should be removed for resected colon cancer. According to a recent study, the lymph node yield (LNY) in colon cancer surgery in the last 20 years has tended to increase from 14.91 to 21.30. However, it is unclear whether these guidelines adequately reflect recent findings on the number of harvested lymph nodes in colon cancer surgery. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of an LNY of more than 25 on survival in right-sided colon cancer. @*Methods@#We included 285 patients who underwent a right hemicolectomy during the period from January 2010 through December 2015. Patients were divided into two groups (<25 nodes and ≥25 nodes). Primary endpoints included 5-year and 10-year survival including disease-free and overall. @*Results@#We found that survival outcomes of patients with a harvest of ≥25 nodes were not significantly different compared with a <25 group. Large tumor size (5 cm) is significantly associated with poor 5-year and 10-year overall survival. @*Conclusion@#Survival outcomes of patients with a harvest of ≥25 nodes were not significantly different compared with the <25 group in stage II colon cancer with no risk.

5.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 244-252, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889037

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The survival benefit of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) prior to surgical resection in colorectal cancer with liver metastases (CRCLM) patients remains controversial. The aim of this study was to compare overall outcome of CRCLM patients who underwent NAC followed by surgical resection versus surgical treatment first. @*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed 429 patients with stage IV colorectal cancer with synchronous liver metastases who underwent simultaneous liver resection between January 2008 and December 2016. Using propensity score matching, overall outcome between 60 patients who underwent NAC before surgical treatment and 60 patients who underwent surgical treatment first was compared. @*Results@#Before propensity score matching, metastatic cancer tended to involve a larger number of liver segments and the primary tumor size was bigger in the NAC group than in the primary resection group, so that a larger percentage of patients in the NAC group underwent major hepatectomy (P<0.001). After propensity score matching, demographic features and pathologic outcomes showed no significant differences between the 2 groups. In addition, there was no significant difference in short-term recovery outcomes such as postoperative morbidity (P=0.603) and oncologic outcome, including 3-year overall survival rate (P=0.285) and disease-free survival rate (P=0.730), between the 2 groups. @*Conclusion@#NAC prior to surgical treatment in CRCLM is considered a safe treatment that does not increase postoperative morbidity, and its impact on oncologic outcome was not inferior.

6.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 253-258, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889034

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has affected many parts of daily life and healthcare, including cancer screening and diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was an upshift in the colorectal cancer stage at diagnosis due to delays related to the COVID-19 outbreak. @*Methods@#From January to June of each year from 2017 to 2020, a total of 3,229 patients who were first diagnosed with colorectal cancer were retrospectively reviewed. Those enrolled from 2017 to 2019 were classified as the ‘pre-COVID’ group, and those enrolled in 2020 were classified as the ‘COVID’ group. The primary outcome was the rate of stage IV disease at the time of diagnosis. @*Results@#There was no statistically significant difference in the proportion of stage IV patients between the pre-COVID and COVID groups (P=0.19). The median preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen level in the COVID group was higher than in the pre-COVID group in all stages (all P<0.05). In stage I, II patients who underwent radical surgery, the lymphatic invasion was more presented in COVID patients (P=0.009). @*Conclusion@#We did not find significant stage upshifting in colorectal cancer during the COVID-19 outbreak. However, there were more initially unresectable stage IV colorectal cancer patients with a low conversion rate to resectable status, and more patients had factors related to poor prognosis. These results may become more apparent over time, so it is vital not to neglect cancer screening to not delay the diagnosis during the COVID-19 epidemic.

7.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 244-252, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896741

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The survival benefit of neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) prior to surgical resection in colorectal cancer with liver metastases (CRCLM) patients remains controversial. The aim of this study was to compare overall outcome of CRCLM patients who underwent NAC followed by surgical resection versus surgical treatment first. @*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed 429 patients with stage IV colorectal cancer with synchronous liver metastases who underwent simultaneous liver resection between January 2008 and December 2016. Using propensity score matching, overall outcome between 60 patients who underwent NAC before surgical treatment and 60 patients who underwent surgical treatment first was compared. @*Results@#Before propensity score matching, metastatic cancer tended to involve a larger number of liver segments and the primary tumor size was bigger in the NAC group than in the primary resection group, so that a larger percentage of patients in the NAC group underwent major hepatectomy (P<0.001). After propensity score matching, demographic features and pathologic outcomes showed no significant differences between the 2 groups. In addition, there was no significant difference in short-term recovery outcomes such as postoperative morbidity (P=0.603) and oncologic outcome, including 3-year overall survival rate (P=0.285) and disease-free survival rate (P=0.730), between the 2 groups. @*Conclusion@#NAC prior to surgical treatment in CRCLM is considered a safe treatment that does not increase postoperative morbidity, and its impact on oncologic outcome was not inferior.

8.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 253-258, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896738

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has affected many parts of daily life and healthcare, including cancer screening and diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was an upshift in the colorectal cancer stage at diagnosis due to delays related to the COVID-19 outbreak. @*Methods@#From January to June of each year from 2017 to 2020, a total of 3,229 patients who were first diagnosed with colorectal cancer were retrospectively reviewed. Those enrolled from 2017 to 2019 were classified as the ‘pre-COVID’ group, and those enrolled in 2020 were classified as the ‘COVID’ group. The primary outcome was the rate of stage IV disease at the time of diagnosis. @*Results@#There was no statistically significant difference in the proportion of stage IV patients between the pre-COVID and COVID groups (P=0.19). The median preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen level in the COVID group was higher than in the pre-COVID group in all stages (all P<0.05). In stage I, II patients who underwent radical surgery, the lymphatic invasion was more presented in COVID patients (P=0.009). @*Conclusion@#We did not find significant stage upshifting in colorectal cancer during the COVID-19 outbreak. However, there were more initially unresectable stage IV colorectal cancer patients with a low conversion rate to resectable status, and more patients had factors related to poor prognosis. These results may become more apparent over time, so it is vital not to neglect cancer screening to not delay the diagnosis during the COVID-19 epidemic.

9.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1107-1116, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919591

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Indications for local excision in patients with rectal cancer remain controversial. We reviewed factors affecting survival rate and treatment effectiveness in cancer recurrence after local excision among patients with rectal cancer. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 831 patients was enrolled. Of these, 391 patients were diagnosed with primary rectal cancer and underwent local excision. A retrospective observational study was performed on patients who underwent full-thickness local excision for rectal cancer. @*Results@#The median duration of follow-up was 61 months. The overall recurrence rate was 11.5%. The rate of local recurrence was 5.1%. Five-year overall survival rate among recurrent patients was 66.8%; the rate among patients who underwent salvage operation due to recurrence was 84.7%, compared with 44.2% among patients treated with non-operative management (p<0.001).Multivariate analysis of disease-free survival identified distance from the anal verge (p=0.038) and histologic grade (p=0.047) as factors predicting poor prognosis. Multivariate analysis of overall survival showed that age (p<0.001), serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels (p=0.001), and histologic grade (p=0.013) also affected poor prognosis. In subgroup analysis of patients with recurrence, 25 patients underwent reoperation, while 20 patients did not. For 5-year overall survival rate, there was a significant difference between 84.7% of the reoperation group and 44.2% of the non-operation group (p<0.001). @*Conclusion@#The risk factors affecting overall survival rate after local excision were age 65 years or older, preoperative CEA level 5 or higher, and high histologic grade. In cases of recurrence after local excision of rectal cancer, salvage operation might improve overall survival.

10.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 446-454, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831053

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levelsin improving the performance of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the predictionof pathologic response after the neoadjuvant chemoradiation (NCRT) for patients with rectalcancer. @*Materials and Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 524 rectal cancer patients who underwentNCRT and total mesorectal excision between January 2009 and December 2014. Theperformances of MRI with or without CEA parameters (initial CEA and CEA dynamics) forprediction of pathologic tumor response grade (pTRG) were compared by receiver-operatingcharacteristic analysis with DeLong’s method. Cox regression was used to identify the independentfactors associated to pTRG and disease-free survival (DFS) after NCRT. @*Results@#The median follow-up was 64.0 months (range, 3.0 to 113.0 months). On multivariate analysis,poor tumor regression grade on MRI (mrTRG; p < 0.001), initial CEA (p < 0.001) andthe mesorectal fascia involvement on MRI before NCRT (mrMFI; p=0.054) showed associationwith poor pTRG. The mrTRG plus CEA parameters showed significantly improved performancesin the prediction of pTRG than mrTRG alone. All of mrTRG, mrMFI, and initial CEAwere also identified as independent factors associated with DFS. The initial CEA further discriminatedDFS in the subgroups with good mrTRG or that without mrMFI. @*Conclusion@#The CEA parameters significantly improved the performance of MRI in the prediction ofpTRG after NCRT for patients with rectal cancer. The DFS was further discriminated by initialCEA level in the groups with favorable MRI parameters.

11.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 285-293, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830543

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The aim of this study was to investigate how rates of surgical site infections (SSI) were changed over 2 years after applying colon SSI bundle in patients who underwent colon surgery. @*Methods@#The multidisciplinary working group developed a care bundle consisting of 8 components, including several recommendations of Surgical Care Improvement Project and monitoring of medical/surgical hand washing. We implemented the care bundle for each patient who underwent colon surgery from April 2013 to December 2014. @*Results@#Overall bundle compliance was 87.9% before implementation, 88.2% in 2013, and 90.5% in 2014. In particular, compliance of the following 3 components was substantial improved during the project period; discontinuation of prophylactic antimicrobial agent within 24 hours of surgery (from 88.3% to 100%), surgical hand washing (from 50.0% to 78.9%), and medical hand washing (from 74.7% to 82.8%). The rate of SSI was 8.0% (12/150) during 3 months before implementation, 3.3% (16/480) from April to December in 2013, and 2.3% (14/607) in 2014. @*Conclusion@#After implementation of multidisciplinary care bundle, the compliance of each component was increased and rates of SSIs were significantly decreased compared to those before the quality improvement project.

12.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 273-280, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830381

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The impact of postoperative complications on long-term oncologic outcome after radical colorectal cancer surgery is controversial. The aim of this study was to examine the risk factors and oncologic outcomes of surgery-related postoperative complication groups. @*Methods@#From January 2010 to December 2010, 310 patients experienced surgery-related postoperative complications after radical colorectal cancer surgery. These stage I–III patients were classified into 2 subgroups, minor (grades I, II) and major (grades III, IV) complication groups, according to extended Clavien-Dindo classification system criteria. Clinicopathologic differences between the 2 groups were analyzed to identify risk factors for major complications. The diseasefree survival rates of surgery-related postoperative complication groups were also compared. @*Results@#Minor and major complication groups were stratified with 194 patients (62.6%) and 116 patients (37.4%), respectively. The risk factors influencing the major complication group were pathologic N category and operative method. The prognostic factors associated with disease-free survival were preoperative perforation, perineural invasion, tumor budding, and receiving neoadjuvant therapy. With a median follow-up period of 72.2 months, the 5-year disease-free survival rates were 84.4% in the minor group and 78.5% in the major group, but there was no statistical significance between the minor and major groups (P = 0.392). @*Conclusion@#Advanced cancer and open surgery were identified as risk factors for increased surgery-related major complications after radical colorectal cancer surgery. However, severity of postoperative complications did not affect disease-free survival from colorectal cancer.

13.
Journal of Audiology & Otology ; : 96-102, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764208

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Temporal bone fracture (TBF) is a common occurrence in cases of head trauma. Although the incidence of temporal bone concussion (TBC) has increased in cases of head trauma, it has not been extensively studied. We assessed the characteristics of TBF and TBC in patients with head trauma. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 432 patients with head injury who visited our hospital between January 2011 and April 2016. Of these patients, 211 who met the inclusion criteria were included in the study. Their clinical characteristics, causes of injury, and hearing function were analyzed. RESULTS: Among the 211 patients, 157 had TBFs and 54 had TBCs. Ear symptoms were more common among patients with TBF than among those with TBC. Car accidents were the most common cause of both TBF and TBC, but assault and sports injuries were more common among patients with TBC than among those with TBF. The occurrence of facial palsy in both cases of TBF and TBC. Hearing loss was observed among 35 patients with TBF and 11 patients with TBC. However, patients with TBF showed conductive hearing loss with an air-bone gap. Hearing function of these patients with TBF recovered with a reduced air-bone gap, but the patients with TBC showed little recovery. CONCLUSIONS: Emergency physicians should focus more on temporal bone injury in patients with head trauma. Therefore, an early complete diagnostic battery, which includes high-resolution computed tomography, audiometric tests, neurologic examination, and vestibular tests, be performed in patients with head trauma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Athletic Injuries , Craniocerebral Trauma , Ear , Emergencies , Facial Paralysis , Head , Hearing , Hearing Loss , Hearing Loss, Conductive , Incidence , Neurologic Examination , Retrospective Studies , Temporal Bone
14.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 323-331, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760134

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The Chronic Otitis Media Questionnaire-12 (COMQ-12) was developed in the United Kingdom to assess disease specific Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) of chronic otitis media (COM) patients. We assessed the validity of Korean version of COMQ-12 (K-COMQ-12) and its correlation with the disease activity of COM classified according to the type of surgery. MATERIALS AND METHOD: We translated the original COMQ-12 into Korean and also performed a back-translation of the translated text into English. Enrolled were 106 COM patients and 106 healthy subjects. Cronbach alpha was used to evaluate internal consistency, and factor analysis was performed to prove reliability. We compared K-COMQ-12 scores between normal subjects and COM patients to assess validity. The scores were also compared by dividing groups according to disease activity of COM. RESULTS: Cronbach's alpha showed good internal consistency (0.939). There was a significant difference in K-COMQ-12 scores between healthy subjects (1.99±4.34) and COM patients (22.69±12.41). Also, scores go higher as the disease activity of COM increased. A cut-off score of 6 of K-COMQ-12 sets 0.915 of sensitivity and 0.934 of specificity. CONCLUSION: The K-COMQ-12 is a reliable and valid tool to assess HRQoL in patients with COM. The K-COMQ-12 could be also used as an objective tool that reflects the disease activity of COM.


Subject(s)
Humans , United Kingdom , Healthy Volunteers , Methods , Otitis Media , Otitis , Quality of Life , Sensitivity and Specificity
15.
Korean Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (2): 72-78, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788063

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Although laparoscopic surgery is widely accepted in the treatment of colorectal cancer, conversion to open surgery is associated with the rate of unfavorable outcomes. The aim of this study was to determine the factors associated with open conversion from laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer.METHODS: A total of 3,002 patients who underwent laparoscopic colectomy as an initial plan for the treatment of colorectal cancer located from the sigmoid colon to the rectum were retrospectively evaluated between January 2009 and December 2018 at Samsung Medical Center in Korea. Risk factors significantly associated with open conversion were determined using univariate and multivariate regression models.RESULTS: Among the 3,002 patients, open conversion was performed in 120 patients (4%). Age >60 years (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 2.370), preoperative bowel obstruction (AOR, 2.348), clinical T4 stage (AOR, 2.201), and serum carcinoembryonic antigen level >5 ng/mL (AOR, 2.289) were significantly associated with open conversion. Moreover, mucinous carcinoma was a significantly more frequent histopathologic type than adenocarcinoma (10.0% vs. 3.2%, P<0.001) in the open conversion group with an AOR of 2.549 (confidence interval, 1.259–5.159; P=0.009).CONCLUSION: The present study presented a novel finding, i.e. mucinous carcinoma as the histopathologic type could be an independent predictive factor for conversion from laparoscopic colectomy to open surgery. Identifying patients with mucinous carcinoma will help stratify the risk of open conversion preoperatively.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Colectomy , Colon, Sigmoid , Colorectal Neoplasms , Conversion to Open Surgery , Korea , Laparoscopy , Mucins , Odds Ratio , Rectum , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
16.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 110-116, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761000

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to identify prognostic factors for locoregional recurrence (LRR) in pT3N0 rectal cancer patients who were treated with surgery alone and had negative resection margin including circumferential resection margin (CRM) for optimal indication of adjuvant radiotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed patients with pT3N0 rectal cancer who were treated via upfront surgery and had no other adjuvant treatment from January 2003 to December 2012. In total, 122 patients who had negative resection margin including negative CRM were included in the analysis. RESULTS: The median follow-up period after surgery was 60 months (range, 3 to 161 months). During this time, 6 patients (4.9%) experienced LRR at the anastomotic site (4 patients), and regional lymphatic area (2 patients). The estimated 5-year rates of overall survival, recurrence-free survival, and LRR-free survival were 96.7%, 84.6%, and 94.0%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that level of tumor ≤5 cm was a significant prognostic factor for LRR-free survival (LRRFS) (p = 0.04; hazard ratio = 7.08; 95% confidence interval, 1.06–47.30). Patients with level of tumor ≤5 cm had an estimated 5-year LRRFS of 66.8%, which was much higher than 2.3% in patients with level of tumor >5 cm. There was no significant factor for recurrence-free survival or overall survival. CONCLUSION: In T3N0 rectal cancer, adjuvant chemoradiotherapy should be recommended in patients with level of tumor ≤5 cm for better local control. However, in patients with pT3N0 disease, negative resection margin, and level of tumor >5 cm, adjuvant chemoradiotherapy should be carefully suggested.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chemoradiotherapy, Adjuvant , Follow-Up Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Rectal Neoplasms , Recurrence , Risk Factors
17.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 323-331, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830048

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES@#The Chronic Otitis Media Questionnaire-12 (COMQ-12) was developed in the United Kingdom to assess disease specific Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) of chronic otitis media (COM) patients. We assessed the validity of Korean version of COMQ-12 (K-COMQ-12) and its correlation with the disease activity of COM classified according to the type of surgery.MATERIALS AND METHOD: We translated the original COMQ-12 into Korean and also performed a back-translation of the translated text into English. Enrolled were 106 COM patients and 106 healthy subjects. Cronbach alpha was used to evaluate internal consistency, and factor analysis was performed to prove reliability. We compared K-COMQ-12 scores between normal subjects and COM patients to assess validity. The scores were also compared by dividing groups according to disease activity of COM.@*RESULTS@#Cronbach's alpha showed good internal consistency (0.939). There was a significant difference in K-COMQ-12 scores between healthy subjects (1.99±4.34) and COM patients (22.69±12.41). Also, scores go higher as the disease activity of COM increased. A cut-off score of 6 of K-COMQ-12 sets 0.915 of sensitivity and 0.934 of specificity.@*CONCLUSION@#The K-COMQ-12 is a reliable and valid tool to assess HRQoL in patients with COM. The K-COMQ-12 could be also used as an objective tool that reflects the disease activity of COM.

18.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 107-115, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739576

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the prognostic value of preoperative serum CA 19-9 levels in colorectal cancer patients. METHODS: Between 2008 and 2011, 4,794 consecutive patients who underwent curative resection for colorectal cancer were analyzed. These patients were classified into 2 groups according to preoperative CA 19-9 (high CA 19-9: ≥37 ng/mL, n = 440; normal CA 19-9: <37 ng/mL, n = 4,354). We used 1:20 propensity score matching to adjust for potential baseline confounders between groups. RESULTS: After matching, 424 patients (10.5%) among 4,021 patients with colorectal cancer showed a high pre-CA 19-9 level (≥37 ng/mL). There were no significant differences between these 2 groups in age, sex, preoperative CEA level, or T, N, and M stage after matching. Of the 424 patients with high pre-CA 19-9, 141 (33.3%) exhibited cancer recurrence more frequently than patients with normal preoperative CA 19-9 (18.5%). Patients with an elevated preoperative CA 19-9 level showed significantly poorer survival than those with normal levels. The 5-year overall survival rate was 79.7% in the high preoperative CA 19-9 group and 91.9% in the normal preoperative CA 19-9 group (P < 0.001). The 5-year disease-free survival rate was 70.2% in the high preoperative CA 19-9 group and 82.7% in the normal preoperative CA 19-9 group (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Patients with an elevated preoperative CA 19-9 level in colorectal cancer have a significantly poorer prognosis than those with normal levels of CA 19-9. We therefore suggest preoperative CA 19-9 level can be used as an additional prognostic indicator of poor outcomes in colorectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , CA-19-9 Antigen , Colorectal Neoplasms , Disease-Free Survival , Prognosis , Propensity Score , Recurrence , Survival Rate
19.
Journal of Audiology & Otology ; : 53-58, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740327

ABSTRACT

Auditory brainstem responses (ABR) have been used as a powerful and the most common objective tool to evaluate hearing sensitivity and to diagnose the types of hearing loss and neurological disorders, through the auditory peripheral pathway to a central level of the brainstem, since 1971. Although bone-conduction (BC) ABR could be an alternative to air-conduction (AC) ABR, as the former overcomes some limitations of the latter, the majority of clinicians rarely utilize it due to a lack of knowledge and no routine test administration. This review presents the weaknesses of AC ABR that apply to all clinical population, and discusses the development of BC ABR. The optimal placements of bone oscillators to obtain favorable clinical outcomes in infants, children, and adults, and the appropriate stimuli for BC ABR are examined. While providing absolute thresholds and latencies of BC ABR based on previous studies compared to AC ABR, this review includes clinical data of infants and young children with both normal hearing in terms of maturation, and with pathology such as congenital external auditory canal atresia. We recommend the future clinical application of BC ABR for candidacy as well as for patients with BC hearing implants.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Humans , Infant , Brain Stem , Ear Canal , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem , Hearing , Hearing Loss , Nervous System Diseases , Pathology
20.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 38-42, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713083

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) for colorectal surgery is widely performed for many disease entities. However, there are few reports about the role of repeat single-incision laparoscopic surgery (R-SILS). The aim of this study is to analyze R-SILS data to evaluate the feasibility and safety of the occurrence and review its outcomes. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of the prospectively collected SILS database in Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea, between April 2009 and December 2015. A retrospective review of 38 patients who underwent R-SILS from 2,207 patients who underwent primary SILS for colorectal surgery was performed. RESULTS: The indications of R-SILS were 23 primary SILS-related complications, 10 cancer-related, and 5 other surgical indications. Of the 38 repeat surgeries, 24 were emergent operations, and 14 were elective operations. Fecal diversion for anastomotic leakage after rectal surgery was the most common reason for reoperation. There were 2 cases of conversions: one case was converted to conventional multi-port, and the other case was converted to open surgery. Mean operative time was 137.9±64.1 min, estimated blood loss (EBL) was 105±98 ml, and length of hospital stay was 10.1±8.1 days. Post-operative complication was noted in 5 (13.2%) of 38 R-SILS cases, and there was no 30-day postoperative mortality. CONCLUSION: Repeat single-incision laparoscopy surgery is feasible and safe in select patients when performed by an experienced surgeon.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anastomotic Leak , Colorectal Surgery , Korea , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Mortality , Operative Time , Prospective Studies , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Seoul
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL