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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918841

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic panniculitis is a rare skin complication in which subcutaneous fat necrosis occurs in association with pancreatic disorders, most commonly acute or chronic pancreatitis. Erythematous subcutaneous nodules develop on the legs and spontaneously ulcerate or exude an oily substance. A 32-year-old Korean female patient presented with a 2-week-history of tender nodules with erythematous crusts on her left shin. She had a history of alcoholic liver cirrhosis and, 5 weeks earlier, had been diagnosed with acute pancreatitis. The histopathologic findings from a skin biopsy were consistent with lobular panniculitis, without signs of vasculitis, and diffuse fat necrosis. Basophilic calcium deposits were present in the dermis and subcutaneous fat. These findings were suggestive of pancreatic panniculitis. The skin lesion had a chronic course corresponding to repeated exacerbations of the patient’s pancreatitis. Thus, in the differential diagnosis of subcutaneous nodules, clinicians should consider pancreatic panniculitis as a cutaneous manifestation of pancreatic disease.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913827

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#There remains controversy about relationship between obesity and gastric cancer. We aimed to examine the association using obesity-persistence. @*Materials and Methods@#We analyzed a nationwide population-based cohort which underwent health check-up between 2009 and 2012. Among them, those who had annual examinations during the last 5 years were selected. Gastric cancer risk was compared between those without obesity during the 5 years (never-obesity group) and those with obesity diagnosis during the 5 years (non-persistent obesity group; persistent obesity group). @*Results@#Among 2,757,017 individuals, 13,441 developed gastric cancer after median 6.78 years of follow-up. Gastric cancer risk was the highest in persistent obesity group (incidence rate [IR], 0.89/1,000 person-years; hazard ratio [HR], 1.197; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.117 to 1.284), followed by non-persistent obesity group (IR, 0.83/1,000 person-years; HR, 1.113; 95% CI, 1.056 to 1.172) compared with never-obesity group. In subgroup analysis, this positive relationship was true among those < 65 years old and male. Among heavy-drinkers, the impact of obesity-persistence on the gastric cancer risk far increased (non-persistent obesity: HR, 1.297; 95% CI, 1.094 to 1.538; persistent obesity: HR, 1.351; 95% CI, 1.076 to 1.698). @*Conclusion@#Obesity-persistence is associated with increased risk of gastric cancer in a dose-response manner, especially among male < 65 years old. The risk raising effect was much stronger among heavy-drinkers.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900442

ABSTRACT

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition in which gastric contents regurgitate into the esophagus or beyond, resulting in either troublesome symptoms or complications. GERD is heterogeneous in terms of varied manifestations, test findings, and treatment responsiveness. GERD diagnosis can be established with symptomatology, pathology, or physiology. Recently the Lyon consensus defined the “proven GERD” with concrete evidence for reflux, including advanced grade erosive esophagitis (Los Angeles classification grades C and or D esophagitis), long-segment Barrett’s mucosa or peptic strictures on endoscopy or distal esophageal acid exposure time > 6% on 24-hour ambulatory pH-impedance monitoring. However, some Asian researchers have different opinions on whether the same standards should be applied to the Asian population. The prevalence of GERD is increasing in Asia. The present evidence-based guidelines were developed using a systematic review and meta-analysis approach. In GERD with typical symptoms, a proton pump inhibitor test can be recommended as a sensitive, cost-effective, and practical test for GERD diagnosis.Based on a meta-analysis of 19 estimated acid-exposure time values in Asians, the reference range upper limit for esophageal acid exposure time was 3.2% (95% confidence interval, 2.7-3.9%) in the Asian countries. Esophageal manometry and novel impedance measurements, including mucosal impedance and a post-reflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave, are promising in discrimination of GERD among different reflux phenotypes, thus increasing its diagnostic yield. We also propose a long-term strategy of evidence-based GERD treatment with proton pump inhibitors and other drugs.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892738

ABSTRACT

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition in which gastric contents regurgitate into the esophagus or beyond, resulting in either troublesome symptoms or complications. GERD is heterogeneous in terms of varied manifestations, test findings, and treatment responsiveness. GERD diagnosis can be established with symptomatology, pathology, or physiology. Recently the Lyon consensus defined the “proven GERD” with concrete evidence for reflux, including advanced grade erosive esophagitis (Los Angeles classification grades C and or D esophagitis), long-segment Barrett’s mucosa or peptic strictures on endoscopy or distal esophageal acid exposure time > 6% on 24-hour ambulatory pH-impedance monitoring. However, some Asian researchers have different opinions on whether the same standards should be applied to the Asian population. The prevalence of GERD is increasing in Asia. The present evidence-based guidelines were developed using a systematic review and meta-analysis approach. In GERD with typical symptoms, a proton pump inhibitor test can be recommended as a sensitive, cost-effective, and practical test for GERD diagnosis.Based on a meta-analysis of 19 estimated acid-exposure time values in Asians, the reference range upper limit for esophageal acid exposure time was 3.2% (95% confidence interval, 2.7-3.9%) in the Asian countries. Esophageal manometry and novel impedance measurements, including mucosal impedance and a post-reflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave, are promising in discrimination of GERD among different reflux phenotypes, thus increasing its diagnostic yield. We also propose a long-term strategy of evidence-based GERD treatment with proton pump inhibitors and other drugs.

5.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837316

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The treatment options for Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection are in a state of flux: traditional triple therapies have started to fail, and new treatments are unable to achieve optimal eradication rates. Rifaximin and rifabutin are new antibiotics. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of adding rifaximin to the standard triple regimen and of a rifabutin-based triple regimen as a rescue therapy for H. pylori eradication. @*Materials and Methods@#We enrolled 27 H. pylori-positive patients who were treated with a proton pump inhibitor, amoxicillin, clarithromycin, and rifaximin for 14 days. H. pylori eradication was assessed by a 13C-urea breath test performed 4 weeks after therapy completion. The efficacy of the therapy was based on intention-to-treat (ITT) and per-protocol (PP) analysis. We also investigated the resistance rate, compliance, and side effects associated with rifaximin therapy. Minimal inhibitory concentrations and resistance to rifabutin were evaluated using the agar dilution method. @*Results@#Of the 27 patients, 22 completed the treatment protocol with 100% compliance; five patients withdrew. The ITT and PP eradication rates for the rifaximin-containing quadruple therapy were 70.4% (19/27) and 86.3% (19/22), respectively. Adverse events were observed in five of 22 patients (22.7%). The resistance rates to rifaximin and rifabutin were 66.7% (2/3) and 0% (0/3), respectively. @*Conclusions@#The findings of this study show the limitations of rifaximin-based quadruple therapy and suggest the benefits of a rifabutin-based rescue regimen in South Korea.

6.
Intestinal Research ; : 79-84, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834394

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Crohn’s disease is associated with altered body composition, such as low muscle mass, which can affect clinical outcomes. However, there are few studies regarding the effect of sarcopenia on prognosis of Crohn’s disease. In this study, we evaluated the body composition at the initial diagnosis of Crohn’s disease and analyzed the clinical meaning of sarcopenia. @*Methods@#We conducted a retrospective review of medical records of patients who were diagnosed as Crohn’s disease and underwent computed tomography within 3 months after diagnosis. Sarcopenia was defined as an L3 skeletal muscle index (SMI) of < 49 cm2/m2 for men and < 31 cm2/m2 for women. Outcomes such as need for hospitalization, surgery, use of steroids, immunomodulators and biologics were analyzed. @*Results@#A total of 79 patients (male, 73.4%; mean age, 29.9 years) were included and 40 patients (51%) were diagnosed as sarcopenia. C-reactive protein (CRP) level was correlated with sarcopenia (P= 0.044). Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) showed a tendency to decrease inversely with SMI (r = –0.320, P= 0.008) and hemoglobin and albumin tended to increase in proportion to SMI (hemoglobin: r = 0.271, P= 0.016 and albumin: r = 0.350, P= 0.002). However, there was no statistically significance in time-to-first-event analysis in aspects of sarcopenia. @*Conclusions@#Approximately 50% of patients with newly diagnosed as Crohn’s disease had sarcopenia. CRP levels were higher in the sarcopenia group and SMI correlated with ESR, hemoglobin, and albumin. However, none of prognostic values were demonstrated.

7.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833845

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Emerging evidence shows that the mechanism of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is associated with neurotrophic factors and tight junction proteins (TJPs). It is known that there are sex differences in the pathophysiology of IBS. The aim of the present study is to determine expression levels of neurotrophic factors, TJPs, and cytokines according to IBS subtype and sex. @*Methods@#From 59 IBS (33 IBS-constipation, 21 IBS-diarrhea, and 5 IBS-mixed) and 36 control patients, colonic mucosa mRNA expression levels of transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 (TRPV1), nerve growth factor (NGF), glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), and various TJPs were assessed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Western blot was performed to determine levels of zonular occludens-1 (ZO-1). Serum levels of cytokines were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. @*Results@#TRPV1, GDNF, and NGF mRNA levels were significantly increased in those with IBS-constipation compared to those in controls (all P < 0.05). However, they showed no significant difference between those with IBS-diarrhea and controls. Expression level of TRPV1 correlated with that of GDNF (r = 0.741, P < 0.001) and NGF (r = 0.935, P < 0.001). ZO-1 RNA expression levels were lower (P = 0.021) in female IBS-diarrhea than those in controls, although they showed no significant differences between male IBS-diarrhea and controls. Serum IL-1β levels in female IBS were significantly higher than those of male IBS, especially in IBS-constipation (P < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#Our results suggest that neurotrophic factors and IL-1β are closely related to IBS-constipation and that decrease of ZO-1 is an important factor in female with IBS-diarrhea.

8.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833830

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#To determine whether the expression of tight junction proteins (TJPs) differs depending on the subtype of functional dyspepsia (FD) and sex. @*Methods@#Control (n = 95) and FD (n = 165) groups based on Rome III criteria were prospectively enrolled. Gastric mucosal mRNA expression levels of various TJPs (claudins [CLDN] 1, 2, and 4; zonula occludens-1; occludin [OCLN]) were assessed by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Western blot was performed to determine the levels of various TJPs. Helicobacter pylori infection status was evaluated by histology, rapid urease test, and culture. Questionnaires were analyzed. @*Results@#In all groups irrespective of H. pylori , FD group showed significantly higher CLDN2 mRNA levels than control group (P = 0.048). The level of CLDN4 mRNA expression was significantly lower in female FD group than in male FD group (P = 0.018). In H. pylori uninfected subjects, the level of CLDN1 mRNA expression in female FD group was significantly lower than that of male FD group (P = 0.014). The level of CLDN2 mRNA expression was significantly higher in the male postprandial distress syndrome (P = 0.001) and male epigastric pain syndrome (P = 0.023) groups than in the male control group. In Western blot analysis, the expression of OCLN was significantly elevated 48 hour after the culture with H. pylori strain 43504. @*Conclusions@#H. pylori can affect a variety of TJPs, particularly claudin-4 and occludin. Claudin-2 is thought to be involved in FD irrespective of H. pylori status, especially in the pathophysiology of male FD.

9.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831889

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#In Korea, the incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has increased due to a westernized lifestyle. This study investigated whether a high fatty liver index that reflects NAFLD correlates with CRC. @*Methods@#Data from the National Health Insurance Corporation 2009 to 2012 were analyzed. NAFLD disease was defined as a fatty liver index > 60 in the absence of alcohol consumption of ≥ 30 g/day. @*Results@#NAFLD was identified in 2,543,649 (11.8%) of 21,592,374 participants. CRC was identified in 19,785 (0.8%) of participants with NAFLD (fatty liver index ≥ 60) and in 80,871 (0.6%) participants without NAFLD (fatty liver index < 30). Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated an independent association between NAFLD and CRC after adjusting for other confounders (hazard ratio, 1.13; odds ratio, 1.12 to 1.15). In subgroup analyses, fatty liver index ≥ 60 was associated with CRC regardless of body mass index, but the association was more prominent in persons with a normal index. NAFLD, in the absence of diabetes, hypertension, or dyslipidemia, was more highly associated with CRC than when one or more of these conditions are present. @*Conclusions@#CRC should be considered as a possibility in patients with fatty liver index ≥ 60, even in the absence of obesity or other metabolic syndromes.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765331

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We attempted to discover that Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) has a comprehensive relationship with congestive heart failure and death. METHODS: We used a nationwide database managed by the Korean National Health Insurance Service from 2010 to 2014. Twelve thousand nine hundred eighty-eight patients with a diagnosis of AS and 64940 age- and sex- stratified matching subjects without AS were enrolled in the AS and control groups. Incidence probabilities of 6 years congestive heart failure and death in each group were calculated. The Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was used to estimate the hazard ratio. We divided the AS and control groups into subgroups according to sex, age, income, and comorbidities. RESULTS: During the follow-up period, 102 patients (0.79%) in the AS group and 201 patients (0.32%) in the control group developed congestive heart failure (p < ;0.0001). In addition, 211 (1.62%) subjects in the AS group died during the follow-up period compared to 639 (0.98%) subjects in the control group (p < ;0.0001). The adjusted hazard ratio of congestive heart failure and death in the AS group was 2.28 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.80–2.89) and 1.66 (95% CI, 1.42–1.95), respectively. The hazard ratios of congestive heart failure and death were significantly increased in all of the subgroups. CONCLUSION: The incidence rates of congestive heart failure and death were increased in AS patients.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Cohort Studies , Comorbidity , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Estrogens, Conjugated (USP) , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Failure , Humans , Incidence , Korea , National Health Programs , Spondylitis, Ankylosing
11.
Gut and Liver ; : 133-134, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763839

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Insulin Resistance , Insulin , Risk Factors , Stomach Neoplasms
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788760

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We attempted to discover that Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) has a comprehensive relationship with congestive heart failure and death.METHODS: We used a nationwide database managed by the Korean National Health Insurance Service from 2010 to 2014. Twelve thousand nine hundred eighty-eight patients with a diagnosis of AS and 64940 age- and sex- stratified matching subjects without AS were enrolled in the AS and control groups. Incidence probabilities of 6 years congestive heart failure and death in each group were calculated. The Cox proportional hazard regression analysis was used to estimate the hazard ratio. We divided the AS and control groups into subgroups according to sex, age, income, and comorbidities.RESULTS: During the follow-up period, 102 patients (0.79%) in the AS group and 201 patients (0.32%) in the control group developed congestive heart failure (p < ;0.0001). In addition, 211 (1.62%) subjects in the AS group died during the follow-up period compared to 639 (0.98%) subjects in the control group (p < ;0.0001). The adjusted hazard ratio of congestive heart failure and death in the AS group was 2.28 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.80–2.89) and 1.66 (95% CI, 1.42–1.95), respectively. The hazard ratios of congestive heart failure and death were significantly increased in all of the subgroups.CONCLUSION: The incidence rates of congestive heart failure and death were increased in AS patients.


Subject(s)
Cardiovascular Diseases , Cohort Studies , Comorbidity , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Estrogens, Conjugated (USP) , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Failure , Humans , Incidence , Korea , National Health Programs , Spondylitis, Ankylosing
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787194

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The numbers of women, young doctors, and foreigners in the medical field have increased continuously. On the other hand, the environment for these minority groups has not improved, particularly in Eastern countries. The authors aimed to increase the awareness of the importance of a Diversity Committee in the Korean Society of Gastroenterology (KSG) by an analysis of a survey.METHODS: From January to February in 2019, a survey was conducted on physicians and a few medical students by googling. The questionnaire consisted of the target doctors of the Diversity Committee, purpose, specific activities, and expected effects of Diversity Committee to the KSG. The participants requested to respond with yes/no or a 5-point scale.RESULTS: A total of 202 participants completed the questionnaire, and 93.5% (189/202) were medical specialists. The proportion of males was 61.9% (125/202), and 39.6% (80/202) and 36.1% (73/202) participants were in their 30s and 40s, respectively. A total of 174 participants (86.1%) agreed with the necessity of a Diversity Committee, and 180 participants (89.1%) answered this committee would help advance the KSG with significant differences between males and females (80.8% vs. 94.8%, p=0.006; 84.8% vs. 96.1%, p=0.011). Similarly, there were significant differences in the responses according to sex in most questions.CONCLUSIONS: Most participants of the survey expected a contribution of the Diversity Committee to the advancement of the KSG. On the other hand, in most of the priorities of the target, purpose, specific activities, and expected effects of the Diversity Committee, there was a difference in the perceptions between males and females. Therefore, continuous efforts are needed to reduce the differences within the KSG.


Subject(s)
Emigrants and Immigrants , Female , Gastroenterology , Hand , Humans , Male , Minority Groups , Specialization , Students, Medical , Surveys and Questionnaires
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787162

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to develop ‘Koreans Gut Quotient Measurement Scales (GQ)’, in which Koreans respond to questionnaires about the subjective feelings and symptoms of their intestinal health status.METHODS: Among 66 items pooled from previous studies and 4 items that were added following a focus group interview, 15 items were chosen using the Delphi survey. The content validity was evaluated using the content validity ratio. Data collected from 1,120 people from the general public in Korea were analyzed to verify the reliability and validity of GQ.RESULTS: The finalized GQ consisted of 17 items (including two exploratory measurement items) that were classified into three independent factors based on exploratory factor analysis (EFA): ‘perceived intestine discomfort’, ‘bowel movement discomfort’, and ‘bowel movement control discomfort’. The discriminant and convergent validity of GQ were identified using EFA, reliability test, and confirmatory factor analysis. In addition, the criterion-related validity of GQ was identified using correlation and multiple regression analysis.CONCLUSIONS: The GQ, which is a simplified intestinal health index developed based on an easy questionnaire for the public to understand, can be used as a tool for the public to evaluate their own intestinal health and determine when to visit clinics.


Subject(s)
Focus Groups , Intestines , Korea , Reproducibility of Results , Weights and Measures
15.
Intestinal Research ; : 210-217, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764138

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The exact relationship between vitamin D deficiency and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains unclear. We evaluated the effect of vitamin D3 administration on inflammatory responses and disease severity in patients with IBD. METHODS: We investigated the serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25-(OH)D], C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and the partial Mayo score (PMS) in patients with IBD. Vitamin D3 was administered in patients with either vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency and CRP, serum vitamin D levels and PMS were re-examined at 6 months of administration. RESULTS: In 88 patients with Crohn's disease (CD), a negative correlation was found between serum vitamin D and CRP. In 178 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), serum vitamin D showed no association with CRP or PMS. Serum vitamin D increased from 11.08±3.63 to 22.69±6.11 ng/mL in 29 patients with CD and from 11.45±4.10 to 24.20±6.61 ng/mL in 41 patients with UC who received vitamin D3 treatment (P<0.001 and P<0.001, respectively). In patients with CD, median ΔCRP was –0.24 in the normalized vitamin D group and –0.11 in the non-normalized group (P=0.308). In patients with UC, median ΔCRP was −0.01 in the normalized vitamin D group and 0.06 in the non-normalized group (P=0.359). CONCLUSIONS: Although a negative correlation was found between serum vitamin D and CRP levels in patients with CD, administration of vitamin D did not improve the CRP level in patients with CD. In patients with UC, serum vitamin D level was unrelated to CRP or PMS.


Subject(s)
C-Reactive Protein , Calcifediol , Cholecalciferol , Colitis, Ulcerative , Crohn Disease , Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Vitamin D Deficiency , Vitamin D , Vitamins
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761546

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The numbers of women, young doctors, and foreigners in the medical field have increased continuously. On the other hand, the environment for these minority groups has not improved, particularly in Eastern countries. The authors aimed to increase the awareness of the importance of a Diversity Committee in the Korean Society of Gastroenterology (KSG) by an analysis of a survey. METHODS: From January to February in 2019, a survey was conducted on physicians and a few medical students by googling. The questionnaire consisted of the target doctors of the Diversity Committee, purpose, specific activities, and expected effects of Diversity Committee to the KSG. The participants requested to respond with yes/no or a 5-point scale. RESULTS: A total of 202 participants completed the questionnaire, and 93.5% (189/202) were medical specialists. The proportion of males was 61.9% (125/202), and 39.6% (80/202) and 36.1% (73/202) participants were in their 30s and 40s, respectively. A total of 174 participants (86.1%) agreed with the necessity of a Diversity Committee, and 180 participants (89.1%) answered this committee would help advance the KSG with significant differences between males and females (80.8% vs. 94.8%, p=0.006; 84.8% vs. 96.1%, p=0.011). Similarly, there were significant differences in the responses according to sex in most questions. CONCLUSIONS: Most participants of the survey expected a contribution of the Diversity Committee to the advancement of the KSG. On the other hand, in most of the priorities of the target, purpose, specific activities, and expected effects of the Diversity Committee, there was a difference in the perceptions between males and females. Therefore, continuous efforts are needed to reduce the differences within the KSG.


Subject(s)
Emigrants and Immigrants , Female , Gastroenterology , Hand , Humans , Male , Minority Groups , Specialization , Students, Medical , Surveys and Questionnaires
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761514

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to develop ‘Koreans Gut Quotient Measurement Scales (GQ)’, in which Koreans respond to questionnaires about the subjective feelings and symptoms of their intestinal health status. METHODS: Among 66 items pooled from previous studies and 4 items that were added following a focus group interview, 15 items were chosen using the Delphi survey. The content validity was evaluated using the content validity ratio. Data collected from 1,120 people from the general public in Korea were analyzed to verify the reliability and validity of GQ. RESULTS: The finalized GQ consisted of 17 items (including two exploratory measurement items) that were classified into three independent factors based on exploratory factor analysis (EFA): ‘perceived intestine discomfort’, ‘bowel movement discomfort’, and ‘bowel movement control discomfort’. The discriminant and convergent validity of GQ were identified using EFA, reliability test, and confirmatory factor analysis. In addition, the criterion-related validity of GQ was identified using correlation and multiple regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The GQ, which is a simplified intestinal health index developed based on an easy questionnaire for the public to understand, can be used as a tool for the public to evaluate their own intestinal health and determine when to visit clinics.


Subject(s)
Focus Groups , Intestines , Korea , Reproducibility of Results , Weights and Measures
18.
Gut and Liver ; : 655-663, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718121

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The association between metabolic syndrome and colorectal cancer (CRC) has been suggested as one of causes for the increasing incidence of CRC, particularly in younger age groups. The present study examined whether the current age threshold (50 years) for CRC screening in Korea requires modification when considering increased metabolic syndrome. METHODS: We analyzed data from the National Health Insurance Corporation database, which covers ~97% of the population in Korea. CRC risk was evaluated with stratification based on age and the presence/absence of relevant metabolic syndrome components (diabetes, dyslipidemia, and hypertension). RESULTS: A total of 51,612,316 subjects enrolled during 2014 to 2015 were analyzed. Among them, 19.3% had diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, or some combination thereof. This population had a higher incidence of CRC than did those without these conditions, and this was more prominent in subjects < 40 years of age. The optimal cutoff age for detecting CRC, based on the highest Youden index, was 45 years among individuals without diabetes, dyslipidemia, and hypertension. Individuals with at least one of these components of metabolic syndrome had the highest Youden index at 62 years old, but the value was only 0.2. Resetting the cutoff age from 50 years to 45 years achieved a 6% increase in sensitivity for CRC detection among the total population. CONCLUSIONS: Starting CRC screening earlier, namely, at 45 rather than at 50 years of age, may improve secondary prevention of CRC in Korea.


Subject(s)
Colonic Neoplasms , Colorectal Neoplasms , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus , Dyslipidemias , Humans , Hypertension , Incidence , Korea , Mass Screening , National Health Programs , Secondary Prevention
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742118

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Gastrointestinal reflux disease (GERD) is defined as ‘a condition that develops when the reflux of stomach contents causes troublesome symptoms and/or complications’. It is associated with various lung diseases, including bronchial asthma, chronic bronchitis, and bronchiectasis. GERD may also affect nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) lung disease. We presumed that the normal mucosal barrier of the bronchial epithelium is broken due to the aspiration of gastric juice and consequent chronic bronchial inflammation. This study investigated the prevalence of GERD in accordance with the presence or absence of NTM lung disease and analyzed the difference. METHODS: We screened patients with NTM lung disease in this hospital between January 2011 and December 2015. Among these patients, gastroscopic examinations as a health check-up were performed on 93 patients. We obtained the prevalence of Reflux esophagitis (RE) in patients with NTM and compared it with the prevalence of RE in the normal control subjects. RESULTS: Among 93 patients with NTM, patients without RE was 66.7% (62/93). RE-minimal change was diagnosed in 29.0% (27/93), and RE LA-A was diagnosed in 4.3% (4/93). Comparing the prevalence of RE minimal change, 29.0% (27/93) had NTM and 11.9% (3043/25536) did not have NTM. This was statistically significant. CONCLUSIONS: We showed a greater prevalence of RE minimal change in patients with NTM than those without NTM with statistical significance.


Subject(s)
Asthma , Bronchiectasis , Bronchitis, Chronic , Epithelium , Esophagitis, Peptic , Gastric Juice , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Gastrointestinal Contents , Humans , Inflammation , Lung Diseases , Lung , Nontuberculous Mycobacteria , Prevalence
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713780

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Moxifloxacin-based sequential therapy showed an excellent eradication rate as the first line treatment of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection. However, to the best of our knowledge, there were only a few studies on the treatment of those with failed moxifloxacin-based sequential therapy. Hence, this study was to investigate the efficacy of bismuth-containing quadruple therapy in those with failed moxifloxacin-based sequential or reverse sequential therapy for H. pylori eradication. METHODS: Between January 2013 and March 2016, we retrospectively analyzed patients who failed to eradicate H. pylori using moxifloxacin-based sequential (rabeprazole 20 mg bid and amoxicillin 1 g bid for 5–7 days, followed by rabeprazole 20 mg bid, metronidazole 500 mg bid, and moxifloxacin 400 mg qd for 5–7 days) and 10 days moxifloxacin-based reverse sequential therapy as the first line treatment. Then we investigated the eradication rates of bismuth-containing quadruple therapy as the second line treatment. All subjects had no history of H. pylori eradication before. Eradication rates were described as intention-to-treat (ITT) and per-protocol (PP) analyses. H. pylori status was evaluated by 13C-urea breath test 6 weeks after the end of the treatment. Moreover, we examined any side effects that caused discontinuation of therapy. RESULTS: Twenty-three patients received bismuth-containing quadruple therapy as the second line treatment. The overall eradication rates by ITT and PP analyses were 60.87% (n=14/23) and 73.68% (n=14/19). All the patients showed good compliance, and there were no serious adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: Bismuth-containing quadruple therapy is insufficient as the second line eradication treatment after a failed attempt of moxifloxacin-based sequential or reverse sequential therapy. Large-scale clinical trials should be performed to establish better clinical evidence.


Subject(s)
Amoxicillin , Bismuth , Breath Tests , Compliance , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter , Humans , Metronidazole , Rabeprazole , Retrospective Studies
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