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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874421

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. In subset of patients, acinic cell carcinoma (AcCC) exhibits aggressive features such as recurrence, distant metastasis, and mortality. This study aimed to investigate clinicopathologic factors influencing patients’ prognosis and to identify adverse features predictive of an unfavorable prognosis. @*Methods@#. Between January 2000 and December 2016, 59 patients with AcCC were enrolled in this study. @*Results@#. The patients’ 5-year overall survival rate was 93.3%, and their 5-year recurrence-free survival rate was 80.5%. During the study period, recurrence occurred in 10 patients. The mean time to recurrence after surgery was 26 months (range, 5–60 months). During the study period, three patients died from the disease. Univariate analysis showed that sex, surgical extent, extranodal extension, T classification, and TNM stage were significantly associated with disease recurrence. Multivariate analysis showed that, among the clinicopathologic factors included in the analysis, only TNM stage displayed a statistically significant correlation with disease recurrence. @*Conclusion@#. Surgical treatment alone yielded good results for AcCC, and additional treatment did not affect the recurrence-free survival rate or the overall survival rate, even when the resection margin was less than 1 mm. Other pathologic factors did not show prognostic significance for disease recurrence or death.

2.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787522

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Despite multiple approaches of treatments for salivary duct carcinoma, there has been a need for more successful treatment methods because of its poor prognosis. Treatment options like immunotherapy using new technologies have been attempted. Based on recent study results indicating that targeting programmed death receptors are effective in treating various cancers, this study aimed to identify the frequency of PD-L1 expression and its impact on survival rate in salivary duct carcinoma.MATERIALS #SPCHAR_X0026; METHODS: We studied 33 patients with salivary gland cancer who were available for histologic specimens. We examined the expression of PD-L1 in the tissues and analyzed the association with the survival rate and the association with various clinical parameters.RESULTS: According to this study and review of similar studies, we discovered that the expression of PD-L1 in salivary duct carcinoma was lower than other types of cancers. The impact of PD-L1 on survival rate also showed inconsistency in salivary duct carcinoma.CONCLUSION: Immunotherapy by PD-1/PD-L1 checkpoint blockade in salivary duct carcinoma needs further evaluation for clinical application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunotherapy , Prognosis , Receptors, Death Domain , Salivary Ducts , Salivary Gland Neoplasms , Survival Rate
3.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1214-1225, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717746

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and functional outcomes in patients with primary base of tongue (BOT) cancer who received definitive radiotherapy (RT) or surgery followed by radiotherapy (SRT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2002 and December 2016, 102 patients with stage I-IVB primary BOT cancer underwent either definitive RT (n=46) or SRT (n=56), and treatment outcomes were compared between two groups. The expression of p16 was also analyzed. RESULTS: The RT group had more patients with advanced T stage (T3-4) disease (58.7% vs. 35.7%, p=0.021) and who received chemotherapy (91.3% vs. 37.5%, p < 0.001) than the SRT group. At a median follow up of 36.9 months (range, 3.3 to 181.5 months), the 5-year overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were 75.5% and 68.7%, respectively. With respect to treatment group, the 5-year OS and DFS in the RT and SRT groups did not differ significantly (OS, 68.7% vs. 80.5%, p=0.601; DFS, 63.1% vs. 73.1%, p=0.653). In multivariate analysis, OS differed significantly according to p16 expression (p16-negative vs. p16-positive; hazard ratio [HR], 0.145; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.025 to 0.853; p=0.033). Regarding DFS, p16 expression (p16-negative vs. p16-positive; HR, 0.164; 95% CI, 0.045 to 0.598; p=0.006) showed a significant effect in multivariate analysis. Functional defects (late grade ≥ 3 dysphagia or voice alteration) were more frequently reported in the SRT than in the RT group (16.1% vs. 2.2%, p=0.021). CONCLUSION: Despite advanced disease, patients in the RT group showed comparable survival outcomes and better functional preservation than those in the SRT group.


Subject(s)
Chemoradiotherapy , Deglutition Disorders , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Multivariate Analysis , Organ Preservation , Radiotherapy , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Tongue Neoplasms , Tongue , Treatment Outcome , Voice
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716776

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although previous studies have focused on determining prognostic and causative variables associated with fistula-related complications after head and neck reconstructive surgery, only a few studies have addressed preventive measures. Noting that pooled saliva complicates wound healing and precipitates fistula-related complications, we devised a continuous suction system to remove saliva during early postoperative recovery. METHODS: A continuous suction system was implemented in 20 patients after head and neck reconstructive surgery between January 2012 and October 2017. This group was compared to a control group of 16 patients at the same institution. The system was placed orally when the lesion was on the anterior side of the retromolar trigone area, and when glossectomy or resection of the mouth floor was performed. When the orohypopharynx and/or larynx were eradicated, the irrigation system was placed in the pharyngeal area. RESULTS: The mean follow-up period was 9.2±2.4 months. The Hemovac system was applied for an average of 7.5 days. On average, 6.5 days were needed for the net drain output to fall below 10 mL. Complications were analyzed according to their causes and rates. A fistula occurred in two cases in the suction group. Compared to the control group, a significant difference was noted in the surgical site infection rate (P < 0.031). CONCLUSIONS: Clinical observations showed reduced saliva pooling and a reduction in the infection rate. This resulted in improved wound healing through the application of a continuous suction system.


Subject(s)
Fistula , Follow-Up Studies , Glossectomy , Head , Humans , Larynx , Mouth Floor , Neck , Saliva , Suction , Surgical Wound Infection , Wound Healing
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-6983

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes of patients treated with radiotherapy (RT) for a carcinoma of the external auditory canal (EAC) and middle ear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of 32 patients who received RT from 1990 to 2013 were reviewed retrospectively. The Pittsburgh classification was used to stage all the cancers (early stage, T1/T2 [n=12]; advanced stage, T3/T4 or N positive [n=20]). Twenty-one patients (65.6%) were treated with postoperative RT and 11 patients (34.4%) were treated with definitive RT. The median radiation doses for postoperative and definitive RT were 60 Gy and 64.8 Gy, respectively. Chemotherapy was administered to seven patients (21.9%). RESULTS: The 5-year overall survival and disease-free survival rates for all patients were 57% and 52%, respectively. The disease control rates for the patients with early stage versus advanced stage carcinomawere 55.6% (5/9) and 50% (6/12) in the postoperative RT group and 66.7% (2/3) and 37.5% (3/8) in the definitive RT group, respectively. Overall, 15 cases (14 patients, 46.7%) experienced treatment failure; these failures were classified as local in four cases, regional in one case, and distant in 10 cases. The median follow-up period after RT was 51 months (range, 7 to 286 months). CONCLUSION: Patients with early stage carcinoma achieved better outcomes when definitive RT was used. Advanced stage carcinoma patients experienced better outcomes with postoperative RT. The high rate of distant failure after RT, with or without surgery, reflected the lack of a consensus regarding the best therapeutic approach for treating carcinoma of the EAC and middle ear.


Subject(s)
Classification , Consensus , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Ear Canal , Ear, Middle , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Failure
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-101384

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The conventional transcervical resection for submandibular gland disease has some risks and an unsatisfactory cosmetic result. Recently, robot-assisted surgery has been developed as a plausible substitute for conventional surgery which provides an excellent cosmetic outcome. CASE PRESENTATION: The authors performed robot-assisted sialadenectomy via modified facelift incision using the da Vinci Xi surgical system (Intuitive Surgical Inc., CA, USA) with two endowrist arms (monopolar curved scissors and Maryland bipolar forceps) successfully in a 44-year-old female patient who suffered from sialolith and severe atrophic submandibular gland. CONCLUSIONS: If similar studies are done in the future, this robot-assisted sialadenectomy may become established as an alternative to existing disadvantageous surgical methods.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arm , Female , Humans , Maryland , Rhytidoplasty , Salivary Gland Calculi , Submandibular Gland Diseases , Submandibular Gland
7.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 272-281, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-174336

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The fourth state of matter, plasma is known as an ionized gas with electrons, radicals and ions. The use of non-thermal plasma (NTP) in cancer research became possible because of the progresses in plasma medicine. Previous studies on the potential NTP-mediated cancer therapy have mainly concentrated on cancer cell apoptosis. In the present study, we compared the inhibitory effect of NTP on cell migration and invasion in the oral squamous cancer cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used oral squamous cancer cell lines (SCC1483, MSKQLL1) and different gases (N₂, He, and Ar). To investigate the mechanism of plasma treatment, using different gases (N₂, He, and Ar) which induces anti-migration and anti-invasion properties, we performed wound healing assay, invasion assay and gelatin zymography. RESULTS: The results showed that NTP inhibits cancer cell migration and invasion of oral squamous cancer cell. In addition, focal adhesion kinase expression and matrix metalloproteinase-2/9 activity were also inhibited. CONCLUSION: The suppression of cancer cell invasion by NTP varied depending on the type of gas. Comparison of the three gases revealed that N₂ NTP inhibited cell migration and invasion most potently via decreased expression of focal adhesion kinase and matrix metalloproteinase activity.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line , Cell Movement , Epithelial Cells , Focal Adhesion Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Gases , Gelatin , Ions , Neoplasms, Squamous Cell , Paxillin , Plasma , Plasma Gases , Wound Healing
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-653246

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Anterolateral thigh (ALT) flaps are commonly used for head and neck surgery reconstruction. However, a thick ALT often leads to long operation times. Therefore, ALT thickness on a preoperative non contrast image of positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) scan was measured to predict surgical outcome. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: The correlation between ALT thickness and total reconstruction time was analyzed in 106 patients. The differences in ALT thickness between the successful and compromised-flap groups were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: Median ALT thickness was 4.49 mm, and total reconstruction time was 190 min. Total reconstruction time was significantly correlated with ALT thickness (p=0.019). ALT thickness, body mass index (BMI), total reconstruction time and ischemia time were significantly greater in the compromised-flap group than in the successful group. In the multivariate analysis, only BMI and ischemia time were predictors for the compromised flap. CONCLUSION: ALT thickness measured on a non-contrast image of PET-CT scan is useful as a surgical outcome predictor with respect to total reconstruction time. A further study may suggest the risk of a thick ALT in a compromised flap in head and neck reconstruction using an ALT free flap.


Subject(s)
Body Mass Index , Electrons , Free Tissue Flaps , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Head , Humans , Ischemia , Methods , Multivariate Analysis , Neck , Positron-Emission Tomography , Retrospective Studies , Thigh
9.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 812-818, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-77281

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Decision to perform concurrent ipsilateral thyroidectomy on patients with hypopharyngeal cancer is important, and unnecessary thyroidectomy should be avoided if oncologically feasible. We hypothesized that concurrent ipsilateral thyroidectomy is not routinely required to prevent occult metastasis. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of histological thyroid invasion in patients with hypopharyngeal cancer, and to refine the indications for prophylactic ipsilateral thyroidectomy in patients with hypopharyngeal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of the medical records from the Department of Otolaryngology at Yonsei University College of Medicine was conducted from January 1994 to December 2009. A total of 49 patients underwent laryngopharyngectomy with thyroidectomy as a primary treatment of hypopharyngeal cancer. RESULTS: The incidence of thyroid gland involvement was 10.2%. The most common route of invasion was direct extension through the thyroid cartilage. Thyroid cartilage invasion (p=0.034) was the most significant factor associated with thyroid invasion. Disease-specific survival at 5 years was lower in patients with than without thyroid gland invasion (26.7% vs. 55.2%, respectively; p=0.032). Disease-free survival at 5 years was also lower in patients with than without thyroid gland invasion (20.0% vs. 52.1%, respectively; p=0.024). CONCLUSION: Ipsilateral thyroidectomy in combination with total laryngopharyngectomy is indicated when invasion of the thyroid cartilage is suspected in patients with hypopharyngeal cancer.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Humans , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Incidence , Laryngectomy , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasms, Second Primary/epidemiology , Pharyngectomy , Predictive Value of Tests , Prevalence , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Gland/pathology , Thyroid Neoplasms/epidemiology , Thyroidectomy/methods
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-43899

ABSTRACT

Thyroid cancer is the most common malignancy in Korea; in 2012, about 44,000 new cases (19.6% of all malignancies) were registered and the estimated age-standardized incidence rate of thyroid cancer was 73.6 per 100,000 (17.3 and 88.6 per 100,000 in men and women, respectively). Despite the steep increase in its incidence, the age-standardized mortality rate of thyroid cancer has remained stable and 10-year relative survival rate is 99.2%. Increased detection using high-resolution ultrasonography may have contributed to the increased incidence of thyroid cancer if not all. However, the effectiveness of thyroid cancer screening using ultrasonography has not been fully evaluated as to whether screening and early diagnosis could decrease the morbidity or mortality of thyroid cancer. A multidisciplinary expert committee for developing a guideline for thyroid cancer screening was organized and established a recommendation for thyroid cancer screening using ultrasonography in Korea based on scientific evidence for the first time. In conclusion, the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of the thyroid cancer screening by ultrasonography and the recommendation is that thyroid ultrasonography is not routinely recommended for healthy subjects.


Subject(s)
Early Detection of Cancer , Early Diagnosis , Female , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Male , Mass Screening , Mortality , Survival Rate , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Ultrasonography
11.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1503-1514, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-177076

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Although follicular thyroid cancer (FTC) has a relatively fair prognosis, distant metastasis sometimes results in poor prognosis and survival. There is little understanding of the mechanisms contributing to the aggressiveness potential of thyroid cancer. We showed that hypoxia inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1alpha) induced aggressiveness in FTC cells and identified the underlying mechanism of the HIF-1alpha-induced invasive characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cells were cultured under controlled hypoxic environments (1% O2) or normoxic conditions. The effect of hypoxia on HIF-1alpha, and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) related markers were evaluated by quantitative real-time PCR, Western blot analysis and immunocytochemistry. Invasion and wound healing assay were conducted to identify functional character of EMT. The involvement of HIF-1alpha and Twist in EMT were studied using gene overexpression or silencing. After orthotopic nude mouse model was established using the cells transfected with lentiviral shHIF-1alpha, tissue analysis was done. RESULTS: Hypoxia induces HIF-1alpha expression and EMT, including typical morphologic changes, cadherin shift, and increased vimentin expression. We showed that overexpression of HIF-1alpha via transfection resulted in the aforementioned changes without hypoxia, and repression of HIF-1alpha with RNA interference suppressed hypoxia-induced HIF-1alpha and EMT. Furthermore, we also observed that Twist expression was regulated by HIF-1alpha. These were confirmed in the orthotopic FTC model. CONCLUSION: Hypoxia induced HIF-1alpha, which in turn induced EMT, resulting in the increased capacity for invasion and migration of cells via regulation of the Twist signal pathway in FTC cells. These findings provide insight into a possible therapeutic strategy to prevent invasive and metastatic FTC.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma, Follicular/genetics , Animals , Hypoxia/genetics , Cadherins/genetics , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/genetics , Lymphokines , Mice , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Phenotype , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Thyroid Neoplasms/genetics , Transcriptional Activation , Twist-Related Protein 1/genetics , Vimentin/metabolism
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-8121

ABSTRACT

Thyroglossal duct carcinoma is uncommon, occurring in approximately 1% of all thyroglossal duct remnants. This rare neoplasm is characterized by relatively nonaggressive behavior with infrequent lymph nodal spread. Another rare neoplasm of the head and neck region is a carotid body tumor. A 78-year-old woman with a 3-year history of midline and bilateral neck masses was referred to us. Fine needle aspiration biopsies and a computed tomography scan suggested the diagnosis of thyroglossal duct carcinoma with cervical lymph node metastasis. Interestingly, the left-side neck mass was found to be splaying the carotid bifurcation, on computed tomography imaging. Carotid arteriography demonstrated a highly vascular mass in the bifurcation of the carotid artery that was compressing the internal and external carotid arteries. To our knowledge, this is the first reported instance of a thyroglossal duct carcinoma with neck metastasis accompanied by a carotid body tumor. In addition, the carotid body tumor in this case mimicked neck metastasis from the thyroglossal duct carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Aged , Angiography , Biopsy , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Carotid Arteries , Carotid Artery, External , Carotid Body Tumor , Carotid Body , Diagnosis , Female , Head , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neck , Neoplasm Metastasis , Thyroglossal Cyst
13.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 125-131, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209407

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We reviewed treatment outcomes and prognostic factors for patients with salivary ductal carcinoma (SDC) treated with surgery and postoperative radiotherapy from 2005 to 2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 16 patients were identified and 15 eligible patients were included in analysis. Median age was 61 years (range, 40 to 71 years) and 12 patients (80%) were men. Twelve patients (80%) had a tumor in the parotid gland, 9 (60%) had T3 or T4 disease, and 9 (60%) had positive nodal disease. All patients underwent surgery and postoperative radiotherapy. Postoperative radiotherapy was delivered using 3-dimensional conformal radiotherapy or intensity-modulated radiotherapy. Locoregional failure-free survival (LRFFS), distant failure-free survival (DFFS), progression-free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS) were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Differences in survival based on risk factors were tested using a log-rank test. RESULTS: Median total radiotherapy dose was 60 Gy (range, 52.5 to 63.6 Gy). Four patients received concurrent weekly chemotherapy with cisplatin. Among 10 patients who underwent surgery with neck dissection, 7 received modified radical neck dissection. With a median follow-up time of 38 months (range, 24 to 105 months), 4-year rates were 86% for LRFFS, 51% for DFFS, 46% for PFS, and 93% for OS. Local failure was observed in 2 patients (13%), and distant failure was observed in 7 (47%). The lung was the most common involved site of distant metastasis. CONCLUSION: Surgery and postoperative radiotherapy in SDC patients resulted in good local control, but high distant metastasis remained a major challenge.


Subject(s)
Cisplatin , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lung , Male , Neck Dissection , Neoplasm Metastasis , Parotid Gland , Radiotherapy , Radiotherapy, Conformal , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated , Risk Factors , Salivary Ducts
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-191055

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to devise an expanded ischemic flap model and to investigate the role of AMD-3100 (Plerixafor, chemokine receptor 4 inhibitor) in this model by confirming its effect on mobilization of stem cells from the bone marrow. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were used as an animal research model. The mobilization of stem cells from the bone marrow was confirmed in the AMD-3100-treated group. The fractions of endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) and the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) 2+ cells in the peripheral blood were increased in groups treated with AMD-3100. The expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) was increased in response to expansion or AMD injection. The expression of stromal cell derived factor (SDF)-1 and VEGFR2 were increased only in unexpanded flap treated with AMD-3100. Treatment with AMD-3100 increased both the number and area of blood vessels. However, there were no statistically significant differences in the survival area or physiologic microcirculation in rats from the other groups. This endogenous neovascularization induced by AMD-3100 may be a result of the increase in both the area and number of vessels, as well as paracrine augmentation of the expression of VEGF and EPCs. However, the presence of a tissue expander under the flap could block the neovascularization between the flap and the recipient regardless of AMD-3100 treatment and expansion.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-HIV Agents/pharmacology , Bone Marrow Cells/cytology , Chemokine CXCL12/biosynthesis , Endothelial Progenitor Cells/cytology , Hematopoietic Stem Cells/cytology , Heterocyclic Compounds/pharmacology , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/metabolism , Male , Neovascularization, Physiologic , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, CXCR4/antagonists & inhibitors , Surgical Flaps/blood supply , Tissue Expansion/methods , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/biosynthesis , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2/biosynthesis
15.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 886-894, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-137016

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Acute side effects of radiation such as oral mucositis are observed in most patients. Although several potential radioprotective agents have been proposed, no effective agent has yet been identified. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of synthetic compound 3-amino-3-(4-fluoro-phenyl)-1H-quinoline-2,4-dione (KR22332) as a radioprotective agent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell viability, apoptosis, the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial membrane potential changes, and changes in apoptosis-related signaling were examined in human keratinocyte (HaCaT). RESULTS: KR22332 inhibited irradiation-induced apoptosis and intracellular ROS generation, and it markedly attenuated the changes in mitochondrial membrane potential in primary human keratinocytes. Moreover, KR22332 significantly reduced the protein expression levels of ataxia telangiectasia mutated protein, p53, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha compared to significant increases observed after radiation treatment. CONCLUSION: KR22332 significantly inhibited radiation-induced apoptosis in human keratinocytes in vitro, indicating that it might be a safe and effective treatment for the prevention of radiation-induced mucositis.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Survival/drug effects , Humans , Keratinocytes/metabolism , Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial/drug effects , Radiation-Protective Agents/chemistry , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism
16.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 886-894, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-137010

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Acute side effects of radiation such as oral mucositis are observed in most patients. Although several potential radioprotective agents have been proposed, no effective agent has yet been identified. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of synthetic compound 3-amino-3-(4-fluoro-phenyl)-1H-quinoline-2,4-dione (KR22332) as a radioprotective agent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell viability, apoptosis, the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial membrane potential changes, and changes in apoptosis-related signaling were examined in human keratinocyte (HaCaT). RESULTS: KR22332 inhibited irradiation-induced apoptosis and intracellular ROS generation, and it markedly attenuated the changes in mitochondrial membrane potential in primary human keratinocytes. Moreover, KR22332 significantly reduced the protein expression levels of ataxia telangiectasia mutated protein, p53, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha compared to significant increases observed after radiation treatment. CONCLUSION: KR22332 significantly inhibited radiation-induced apoptosis in human keratinocytes in vitro, indicating that it might be a safe and effective treatment for the prevention of radiation-induced mucositis.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis/drug effects , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Survival/drug effects , Humans , Keratinocytes/metabolism , Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial/drug effects , Radiation-Protective Agents/chemistry , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism
17.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 139-144, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-66230

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The treatment of a clinically node-positive (cN+) neck is important in the management of oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). However, the extent of neck dissection (ND) remains controversial. The purpose of our study was to evaluate whether level IV or V can be excluded in therapeutic ND for cN+ OSCC patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of 92 patients who underwent a comprehensive or selective ND as a therapeutic treatment of cN+ OSCC from January 1993 to February 2009. RESULTS: The incidence rate of metastasis to level IV or V was 22% (16 of 72) on the ipsilateral neck. Of 67 cases without clinically suspicious nodes at level IV or V, 11 cases (16%, 11 of 67) had pathologically proven lymphatic metastasis to level IV or V. Only a nodal staging above N2b was significantly relevant with the higher rate of level IV or V lymph node metastasis (p=0.025). In this series, selective ND, combined with proper adjuvant therapy, achieved regional control and survival rates comparable to comprehensive ND in patients under the N stage of cN2a OSCC. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, level IV and V patients can avoid recurrence under cN2a OSCC.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/mortality , Chemoradiotherapy , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis , Male , Middle Aged , Mouth Neoplasms/mortality , Neck/surgery , Neck Dissection , Neoplasm Metastasis , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-644476

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: ObjectivesZZRecurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury is a potentially debilitating complication of thyroid surgery. In re-operative thyroid surgery, the risk of vocal fold paralysis increases significantly. This study evaluated the efficiency of intraoperative RLN monitoring using an electromyography (EMG) tube in an re-operative thyroid surgery and the prediction of postoperative neural function from the relationship between the intraoperative neuromonitoring response and postoperative vocal fold function. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Sixty-nine patients undergoing reoperative thyroid surgery were divided into two groups: 37 patients underwent reoperative thyroid surgery with intraoperative neuromonitoring (EMG group) and 32 patients underwent reoperative thyroid surgery without intraoperative neuromonitoring (no EMG group). The prevalence of transient and permanent vocal fold paralysis was evaluated in each group. In addition, the sensitivity, specificity, and negative and positive predictive values of intraoperative neuromonitoring were evaluated. RESULTS: Transient and permanent vocal fold paralysis occurred in 8.1% (3/37) and 2.7% (1/37) of the EMG group and 12.5% (4/32) and 6.3% (2/32) of the no EMG group, respectively. The negative and positive predictive values of intraoperative neuromonitoring using an EMG tube in predicting postoperative vocal fold function were 100% and 57.1%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Although the differences were not significant, intraoperative neuromonitoring using the EMG tube resulted in shorter operating time, and less transient and permanent vocal fold paralysis during reoperative thyroid surgery. Intraoperative neuromonitoring using an EMG tube for reoperative thyroid surgery may be useful for preserving the postoperative vocal fold function.


Subject(s)
Electromyography , Humans , Laryngeal Nerves , Paralysis , Prevalence , Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Thyroid Gland , Vocal Cords
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-651091

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Supraglottic partial laryngectomy (SPL), which provides the removal of selected tumors involving the upper structure of the glottis, shows equivalent oncologic outcome when compared to total laryngectomy with functional preservation. We report our 18-year experience of applying supraglottic partial laryngectomy in the Yonsei Head and Neck Cancer Clinic. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 78 patients who underwent SPL. We divided the patients into two groups, the early and the recent, and performed Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and chi2-test on the groups. The post-operative functional outcome was assessed. RESULTS: The 3-year-disease-specific survival rate of the early and recent period was 87% and 84.6%, respectively. Decannulation and tolerability of an oral diet was possible in 93% and 95% of the earlier group, and 95% and 98% in the recent group, respectively. There was no statistically significant difference in survival rate, recurrence pattern, decannulation and tolerability of oral diet between the two groups. CONCLUSION: We achieved a satisfactory survival rate through SPL. In addition, almost all patients could be decannulated and eventually tolerated an oral diet. Our results confirm that SPL is an oncologically & functionally sound procedure for selected supraglottic tumors.


Subject(s)
Diet , Glottis , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Laryngectomy , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-10843

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the surgical completeness and outcome of total thyroidectomy in two patient groups: One treated by harmonic scalpel (HS) and one by conventional total thyroidectomy (CT). METHODS: Between March 2006 and December 2007, 104 patients had total thyroidectomy by HS and 108 patients underwent CT. We analyzed clinicopathological characteristics and stimulated serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), thyroglobulin (Tg), and anti-Tg antibodies at the time of ablation for both groups. RESULTS: Compared with the CT group, the HS group had shorter operating time and hospital stays and reduced postoperative drainage. At postsurgical ablation, mean serum TSH was 80.47 +/- 21.77 mU/L in the HS group and 69.74 +/- 21.17 mU/L in the CT group, with significant between-group differences (P < 0.001). Mean serum Tg levels after TSH stimulation were 1.57 +/- 3.17 and 3.95 +/- 10.14 ng/mL in the HS and CT groups, respectively, with significant between-group differences (P = 0.028). CONCLUSION: Total thyroidectomy with an HS is a relatively safe and effective technique for use in patients with PTC. The HS provides surgical completeness and has a beneficial effect on successful ablation.


Subject(s)
Antibodies , Carcinoma , Drainage , Factor IX , Humans , Length of Stay , Thyroglobulin , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroidectomy , Thyrotropin
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