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1.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 134-142, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901187

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Several factors contribute to the progression of complicated appendicitis (CA) in patients diagnosed with acute appendicitis. The goal of this study was to investigate whether the pelvic location of an appendix may be a new prehospital risk factor associated with CA. @*Methods@#The study retrospectively reviewed 375 patients who underwent surgery for appendicitis from January 2013 to December 2013. Patients were divided into two groups: patients diagnosed with uncomplicated appendicitis (UA) and patients with CA. Demographics, clinical and laboratory findings, duration of symptoms, and the location of the appendix were evaluated. Univariate and multivariate statistical analyses identified risk factors leading to CA. @*Results@#Of the 375 patients, 46 (12.3%) had CA. The univariate analysis confirmed that the patients diagnosed with CA had a higher body temperature (BT), longer duration of symptoms (DOS), and complained of left lower quadrant abdominal (LLQ) pain more frequently. Furthermore, compared to the UA group, the appendix was more frequently located in the pelvic region in the CA group. Multivariate analysis confirmed that BT >37.5°C (odds ratio [OR], 3.29; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.64-6.61; P<0.01), LLQ pain (OR, 2.78; 95% CI, 1.16-6.69; P=0.02), DOS ≥48 hours (OR, 3.87; 95% CI, 1.94-7.71; P<0.01), and the pelvic location of appendix (OR, 3.18; 95% CI, 1.49-6.75; P<0.01) were risk factors for CA. @*Conclusion@#The pelvic location of an appendix may be a new prehospital risk factor associated with CA.

2.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 201-206, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875125

ABSTRACT

The most common malignant tumors in the colon are adenocarcinomas, while leiomyosarcoma (LMS) are rare. Here, we report a case of LMS of the sigmoid colon in a 73-year-old man who presented with sigmoido-rectal intussusception, which was discovered by abdominal computed tomography. As LMS of the colon is uncommon and is rarely associated with intussusception, we have described the imaging features in this case report.

3.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 134-142, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893483

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Several factors contribute to the progression of complicated appendicitis (CA) in patients diagnosed with acute appendicitis. The goal of this study was to investigate whether the pelvic location of an appendix may be a new prehospital risk factor associated with CA. @*Methods@#The study retrospectively reviewed 375 patients who underwent surgery for appendicitis from January 2013 to December 2013. Patients were divided into two groups: patients diagnosed with uncomplicated appendicitis (UA) and patients with CA. Demographics, clinical and laboratory findings, duration of symptoms, and the location of the appendix were evaluated. Univariate and multivariate statistical analyses identified risk factors leading to CA. @*Results@#Of the 375 patients, 46 (12.3%) had CA. The univariate analysis confirmed that the patients diagnosed with CA had a higher body temperature (BT), longer duration of symptoms (DOS), and complained of left lower quadrant abdominal (LLQ) pain more frequently. Furthermore, compared to the UA group, the appendix was more frequently located in the pelvic region in the CA group. Multivariate analysis confirmed that BT >37.5°C (odds ratio [OR], 3.29; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.64-6.61; P<0.01), LLQ pain (OR, 2.78; 95% CI, 1.16-6.69; P=0.02), DOS ≥48 hours (OR, 3.87; 95% CI, 1.94-7.71; P<0.01), and the pelvic location of appendix (OR, 3.18; 95% CI, 1.49-6.75; P<0.01) were risk factors for CA. @*Conclusion@#The pelvic location of an appendix may be a new prehospital risk factor associated with CA.

4.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 547-552, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833354

ABSTRACT

Fascicular involvement of the median nerve trunk in the upper arm is uncommon in cases of peripheral neuropathy, and its symptoms are consistent with those of anterior interosseous nerve (AIN) syndrome. We report three cases of focal anterior interosseous fascicular involvement in the median nerve trunk presenting as AIN palsy. Our report emphasizes the unique ultrasonographic and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of swelling, hourglass-like constriction and torsion, and entwinement of the nerve fascicle of the dorsal region of the median nerve, which were confirmed surgically. On MRI, all patients showed denervation changes in the AIN territory, as well as in the median nerve territory, without compressing structures.

5.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 147-156, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916675

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To determine the role of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) in evaluation of choledocholithiasis in patients with suspected cholecystitis.@*MATERIALS AND METHODS@#A total of 78 patients (mean age: 66.06 ± 15.63 years; range: 21–94 years, Male:Female = 31:47) who had experienced symptoms of cholecystitis and who underwent computed tomography (CT), MRCP, and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography from January 2013 to February 2015 were included in this study. Two reviewers independently interpreted CT and MRCP images to determine the presence or absence of choledocholithiasis and cholelithiasis. Diagnostic performance (sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy) was compared between CT and MRCP. Interobserver agreement was also evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Forty-three patients underwent cholecystectomy. The accuracy of CT and MRCP for detection of gallbladder stones showed no significant difference. The sensitivity and accuracy of MRCP for detection of extrahepatic duct stones were superior to those of CT for both reviewers (reviewer 1: MRCP: sensitivity, 73.3%; accuracy, 76.9%; CT: sensitivity, 50%, accuracy 59%; p = 0.01; reviewer 2: MRCP: sensitivity, 75%; accuracy, 73.1%; CT: sensitivity, 50%; accuracy, 56.4%; p = 0.018). The interobserver agreement was consistent for both CT (k-value: 0.738) and MRCP (k-value: 0.701).@*CONCLUSION@#MRCP showed superior diagnostic performance for the detection of choledocholithiasis with reliable interobserver agreement. Considering the lack of radiation and contrast enhancement, MRCP would be an appropriate first-line modality in evaluation of common bile duct stones in patients with suspected cholecystitis.

6.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 302-305, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-44144

ABSTRACT

We presented a rare case of a 64-year-old man with a combined anomaly of the bronchus and pulmonary artery that was detected incidentally. Computed tomography showed a hyperlucent, aerated sequestered segment of the right lower lung with an independent ectopic bronchus, which had no connection to the other airway. The affected segment was supplied by its own aberrant pulmonary artery branch from the right pulmonary trunk. This anomaly cannot be classified with any of the previously reported anomalies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bronchi/pathology , Bronchopulmonary Sequestration/diagnostic imaging , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Pulmonary Artery/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
7.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 116-118, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-73833

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.

8.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 413-423, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-106781

ABSTRACT

With advances in implant technology, total ankle arthroplasty (TAA) has become an increasingly popular alternative to arthrodesis for the management of end-stage ankle arthritis. However, reports in the literature do not focus on the imaging features of TAA. Through a literature review, we demonstrate basic design features of the current ankle arthroplasty system, and the normal and abnormal postoperative imaging features associated with such devices. Pre- and postoperative evaluations of ankle arthroplasty mainly include radiography; in addition, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging provide further characterization of imaging abnormalities. Familiarization with multimodal imaging features of frequent procedural complications at various postoperative intervals is important in radiological practice.


Subject(s)
Ankle , Arthritis , Arthrodesis , Arthroplasty , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Ankle , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Multimodal Imaging , Radiography
9.
Intestinal Research ; : 122-127, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-144352

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The relationship between Crohn's disease and gallstones is established. However, the prevalence and risk factors for gallstones in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) are not yet well understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of gallstones in patients with UC. METHODS: This study was a retrospective single center study. A total of 87 patients with UC and 261 healthy controls were enrolled. Age, sex, and body mass index were matched. To investigate risk factors, the extent of UC, duration of disease, number of hospital admissions, and number of steroid treatments in patients with UC were evaluated. RESULTS: The prevalence of gallstones in patients with UC was 13.8%, whereas that in healthy controls was only 3.1% (P or =50 years of age had a 3.6-times higher risk of gallstones compared to that in those <50 years of age, and the difference was statistically significant (odds ratio, 3.60; confidence interval, 1.03-12.61) in univariate analysis. There were no statistically significant disease-related risk factors for gallstones in UC patients. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study of gallstone prevalence in Korean UC patients. In this study, patients with UC had a higher prevalence of gallstones compared to that in well-matched healthy controls. Age seemed to be a possible risk factor, and more studies are needed. Further prospective, large-scale studies will be required to confirm the risk factors for gallstones in UC patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asymptomatic Diseases , Body Mass Index , Colitis, Ulcerative , Crohn Disease , Gallstones , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
10.
Intestinal Research ; : 122-127, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-144345

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The relationship between Crohn's disease and gallstones is established. However, the prevalence and risk factors for gallstones in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) are not yet well understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of gallstones in patients with UC. METHODS: This study was a retrospective single center study. A total of 87 patients with UC and 261 healthy controls were enrolled. Age, sex, and body mass index were matched. To investigate risk factors, the extent of UC, duration of disease, number of hospital admissions, and number of steroid treatments in patients with UC were evaluated. RESULTS: The prevalence of gallstones in patients with UC was 13.8%, whereas that in healthy controls was only 3.1% (P or =50 years of age had a 3.6-times higher risk of gallstones compared to that in those <50 years of age, and the difference was statistically significant (odds ratio, 3.60; confidence interval, 1.03-12.61) in univariate analysis. There were no statistically significant disease-related risk factors for gallstones in UC patients. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study of gallstone prevalence in Korean UC patients. In this study, patients with UC had a higher prevalence of gallstones compared to that in well-matched healthy controls. Age seemed to be a possible risk factor, and more studies are needed. Further prospective, large-scale studies will be required to confirm the risk factors for gallstones in UC patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asymptomatic Diseases , Body Mass Index , Colitis, Ulcerative , Crohn Disease , Gallstones , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
11.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 57-61, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-208443

ABSTRACT

Osler-Weber-Rendu disease is a rare autosomal dominant disorder of fibrovascular tissues, characterized by a classic triad of mucocutaneous telangiectasias, recurrent hemorrhages, and a familial occurrence. Portosystemic encephalopathy in a patient with Osler-Weber-Rendu disease is rare, but we experienced a case presenting with recurrent portosystemic encephalopathy in Osler-Weber-Rendu disease. We report on a case of a 75-year-old female presenting with an altered mentality. Initial studies including brain imaging study did not reveal any specific cause for her mental status. She was diagnosed with the rare disease after a series of tests and received conservative treatment. Her neurological status recovered fully without complication after conservative treatment and she was discharged after 18 hospital days. This case demonstrated an extremely rare case of Osler-Weber-Rendu disease presenting as portosystemic encephalopathy treated successfully with conservative treatment. For patients who have shown hepatic encephalopathy without a definite cause, we recommend evaluation for the possibility of Osler-Weber-Rendu disease. Conservative treatment based on treatment of advanced liver cirrhosis could be an alternative solution.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Electroencephalography , Hepatic Encephalopathy/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Pedigree , Telangiectasia, Hereditary Hemorrhagic/diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Vascular Malformations/etiology
12.
Infection and Chemotherapy ; : 331-334, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-27771

ABSTRACT

Emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN) is a rare, life-threatening complication of upper urinary tract infections that is characterized by the presence of gas in the renal parenchyma and perirenal space. It commonly occurs in diabetic patients. Escherichia coli are the most common causative organisms, with few reports implicating Citrobacter freundii as the etiologic agent in EPN. A 57-year-old woman with diabetes and neurogenic bladder visited at our department with confused mentality, myalgia, and general weakness. Further investigation revealed that the patient suffered from unilateral EPN with sepsis caused by C. freundii. The patient's condition was improved considerably with percutaneous drainage and use of intravenous antibiotics for several weeks. However, renal function eventually deteriorated to permanent renal failure, which required hemodialysis. In conclusion, C. freundii may be the causative pathogen of EPN in a patient with type 2 diabetes and neurogenic bladder.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Citrobacter , Citrobacter freundii , Diabetes Mellitus , Drainage , Escherichia coli , Pyelonephritis , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency , Sepsis , Urinary Bladder, Neurogenic , Urinary Tract Infections
13.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 14-18, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-38822

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Clinical manifestations of intestinal yersiniosis include enterocolitis, mesenteric adenitis, and terminal ileitis presenting with fever, right lower quadrant pain, and leukocytosis. According to a previous Korean study in 1997, Yersinia was revealed in two among 15 adult patients with mesenteric adenitis (13%). However, recent reports on the prevalence of Yersinia infection in adult patients are few. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of Yersinia infection in adult patients with acute right lower quadrant pain. METHODS: Adult patients (>18 years) who visited Eulji medical center, due to acute right lower quadrant pain were enrolled prospectively from December 2007 to July 2009. Abdominal CT, stool culture, serologic test for Yersinia, and Widal test were performed. RESULTS: Among 115 patients, 5 patients were excluded due to positive Widal test or salmonella culture. In 110 patients, abdominal CT showed right colitis in 20 (18.2%), terminal ileitis in 16 (14.5%), mesenteric adenitis in 13 (11.8%), acute appendicitis in 10 (9.1%), acute diverticulitis in 7 (6.4%), non specific mucosal edema in 36 (32.7%) and no specific lesion in 8 (7.3%). Two (1.8%) of the 110 patients had antibodies to Yersinia. One patient showed acute enteritis and the other patient was diagnosed with acute appendicitis and underwent appendectomy. No Yersinia species were grown on stool or tissue culture. CONCLUSIONS: Nowadays, among adult Korean patients presenting with acute right lower quadrant pain, there have been few incidences of Yersinia infection.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Abdominal Pain/microbiology , Acute Disease , Antibodies/blood , Appendicitis/epidemiology , Colitis/epidemiology , Diverticulitis/epidemiology , Edema/epidemiology , Ileitis/epidemiology , Lymphadenitis/epidemiology , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Yersinia/isolation & purification , Yersinia Infections/diagnosis
14.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 859-862, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-182765

ABSTRACT

Acutely aggravated dissecting flap and consequent occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) by simple contrast passage during initial angiography for percutaneous stent placement is a uncommon event, which usually is not reported. After analysis of many factors that underlie development of such complications, we present herein one case of successful treatment of isolated SMA dissection and its complications with favorable outcomes during 25 months follow-up after percutaneous stent placement.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Aortic Dissection/surgery , Angiography/adverse effects , Contrast Media/adverse effects , Embolectomy , Mesenteric Artery, Superior/diagnostic imaging , Mesenteric Vascular Occlusion/etiology , Stents/adverse effects , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
15.
Korean Journal of Nephrology ; : 94-97, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-177185

ABSTRACT

Angiomyolipoma is a benign neoplasm composed of fat, smooth muscles and blood vessels. We report a case of a 64-year-old man with a renal angiomyolipoma which rapidly extended to perinephric space. He had been diagnosed of having a small renal angiomyolipoma, and seven years later, a large perinephric mass was newly detected. Right nephrectomy with mass excision revealed an exophytic mass in the lower pole of right kidney which extended to perinephric space. A histological examination showed large angiomyolipomatosis. Clinicians who follow the renal angiomyolipoma should be aware of the unusual perinephric progression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Angiomyolipoma , Blood Vessels , Kidney , Kidney Neoplasms , Muscle, Smooth , Nephrectomy
16.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 248-251, 2009.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-89308

ABSTRACT

Venous thrombosis and thromboembolism appear to occur more often in patient with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). The cause of thrombotic complications in IBD is generally considered to be associated with hypercoagulable conditions. Its prevalence rate ranges from 1% to 8% in clinical studies and rises to 39% in autopsy, but the renal vein thrombosis is very rare complication in ulcerative colitis patient. A 24-year-old man presented with intermittent abdominal pain and hematochezia for 6 months and recently developed pitting edema for few weeks. He was diagnosed as severe ulcerative colitis involving whole colon combined with thrombosis in both renal veins by colonoscopy and computed tomography scan of abdomen. We used steroid for the treatment of ulcerative colitis and both intravenous lower molecular weight heparin and warfarin for renal vein thrombosis. His symptoms were improved after treatment and maintained with mesalazine and warfarin. Follow-up abdominal CT scan showed complete resolution of both renal vein thrombosis. Currently he has been followed up for 2 years with oral mesalazine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Colitis, Ulcerative/complications , Colonoscopy , Heparin/therapeutic use , Protein S/metabolism , Renal Veins , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Venous Thrombosis/complications , Warfarin/therapeutic use
17.
Journal of the Korean Radiological Society ; : 169-175, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-151886

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the best parameter between cross-sectional dimensions and body weight in pediatric low dose abdominal CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and thirty six children consecutively underwent weight-based abdominal CT. The subjects consisted of group 1 (79 children, weight range 10.0-19.9 kg) and group 2 (57 children, weight range 20.0-39.9 kg). Abdominal cross-sectional dimensions including circumference, area, anteroposterior diameters and transverse diameters were calculated. Image noise (standard deviation of CT density) was measured by placing a region of interest in the posterior segment of the right hepatic lobe on a CT image at the celiac axis. The measured image noise was correlated with the cross-sectional abdominal dimensions and body weight for subjects in each group. RESULTS: In group 1 subjects, area, circumference, transverse diameter, anteroposterior diameter, and body weight showed a significant positive correlation with image noise in descending order (gamma = 0.63, 0.62, 0.61, 0.51, and 0.49; p<0.0001). In group 2 subjects, transverse diameter, circumference, area, anteroposterior diameter, and body weight showed a significant positive correlation with image noise in descending order (gamma = 0.83, 0.82, 0.78, 0.71, and 0.71; p<0.0001). CONCLUSION: Cross-sectional dimensions such as area, circumference, and transverse diameter showed a higher positive correlation with image noise than body weight for pediatric low dose abdominal CT.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Axis, Cervical Vertebra , Body Weight , Noise
18.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 278-283, 1991.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-644301

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Maxillary Sinus , Maxillary Sinusitis
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