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1.
Kampo Medicine ; : 60-66, 2023.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007196

ABSTRACT

We herein report a 36-year-old male patient, who complained of persistent and recurrent nausea with vomiting for 16 years in spite of various standard treatments, was successfully treated with Kampo formulation Shimbuto, which selected based on the left para-navel tender point. We speculated that the clinical disorder in this case was related to suitai i.e. water imbalance syndrome in Kampo medicine. However, there has never been such a case report in the field of Kampo, and no related papers have been found in the standard database Medline. We believe this report is valuable from the viewpoint of therapeutics in both Western and Kampo medicine.

2.
Kampo Medicine ; : 36-41, 2023.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007193

ABSTRACT

We herein report three patients who complained atypical febrile diseases associated with painful whole body (Case 1), general fatigue (Case 2), and a sense of general discomfort (Case 3). All cases were not accompanied by dizziness and a shaky feeling which are commonly associated in shimbuto-sho i.e. indication of shimbuto, but presented severe tenderness at the left paraumbilical region which was suggested as indicative point of shimbuto by Yoshiko Takagi. We made a diagnosis in these three cases as shimbuto-sho based on the Takagi's tender point. Through these clinical experiences we propose that a new type of shimbuto-sho, which are completely different from the fixed idea of inherited knowledge. This new type of shimbuto-sho consists of following signs ; fever with chill, floating and feeble pulse, no sweating, general fatigue or body pain, and severe pain at Takagi's tender point.

3.
Kampo Medicine ; : 175-179, 2023.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007187

ABSTRACT

To clarify the educational effect of the acupuncture and moxibustion practical training for a short time, we conducted a questionnaire survey of 112 fifth-year medical students gathering clinical experience for one hour of acupuncture and moxibustion practical training, including the therapeutic experience before and after the practical training. In 8 items out of 10, the percentage of “positively yes” responses after the practical training were significantly higher than before the practical training. The items that showed a large difference (range of change) in the percentage of “positively yes” responses before and after the practical training were “Do you think it is scientific? (+ 47.4% after the practical training),” “What is your general image? (+ 39.3%),” and “Do you want to use acupuncture and moxibustion in the future? (+ 39.3%).” Securing more opportunities to learn traditional medicine is desirable; however, the problem of limited time and personnel requires improvement. This survey showed a beneficial educational effect in a short time signifying the importance of implementing acupuncture and moxibustion practical training. Additionally, the possibility of expecting similar effects in other medical students and overall students in the medical field can also be expected.

4.
Kampo Medicine ; : 16-19, 2023.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007184

ABSTRACT

We herein report a patient who complained persistent exudate at navel in spite of adequate antibiotics therapy after laparoscopic cholecystectomy was successfully treated with Kampo therapy. The pharmacological effect of this Kampo formulation i.e. senkinnaitakusan is still unknown, but this formulation has been used for persistent infectious diseases. According to the description in the classic textbook, this formulation is suggested to encourage metabolic function and exhibit anti-inflammatory function. There have been no reports of Kampo therapy for the superficial incisional site infection associated with laparoscopic surgery. The authors propose that Kampo medicine is another promising option in the management of surgical site infection (SSI).

5.
Kampo Medicine ; : 367-374, 2022.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986403

ABSTRACT

We investigated the history and indications of Toenho, Kinseiho, and Cho-Sanshaku-Shinteiho, which are different formulae with the same name of seishoekkito. According to the description in “Futsugoyakushitsuhokankuketsu” written by Sohaku Asada, Kinseiho exhibits an immediate effect, while Toenho has preventive effects. However, according to the original text, Kinseiho was formulated such that it could be administered regularly in the summer for prophylaxis. Furthermore, Kinseiho is regarded as a simplified formula with the central structure of Toenho. This implies that Kinseiho is composed of selected crude drugs used in Toenho that are responsible for the main effects of Toenho, such as invigorating spleen energy, clearing fever and generating body fluids. Moreover, there is an instruction to arrange Kinseiho to fit each patient’s condition. In this study, it was found that Cho-Sanshaku-Shinteiho described in “Futsugoyakushitsuhokankuketsu” is a modification of Kinseiho prescribed by Katsuki Gyuzan for patients with fever, consistent with the concept of personalized medicine. The medical extract preparation seishoekkito, which is currently widely used, is Kinseiho. We may use it with heat-clearing formula, fluid-regulating formula or some modifications to make the appropriate formulation based on the patient's symptoms.

6.
Kampo Medicine ; : 137-145, 2022.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986287

ABSTRACT

There are few reports on the effects for children using the diagnostic method of Kampo medicine (called sho : pattern diagnosis). Therefore, we investigated the effects of combination therapy with Kampo medicines prescribed by specialists in this ancient form of medicine to children who were refractory to modern medicine. This was a retrospective observational study of 98 children (pre-school children (PS ; n = 21), elementary school students (ES ; n = 37) and junior high school students (JS ; n = 40)) younger than 16 years old at the first visit to our department of Chiba University hospital between April 2007 and April 2017. We collected the following information from their medical records : background, chief complaint, referral source, and efficacy of Kampo medicines. We evaluated efficacy for Kampo medicine as follows : Higher improvement (HI) (symptoms improved by 2/3 or more) ; Improvement (I) (symptoms improved by 1/3-2/3) ; Mild improvement (MI) (symptoms improved by 1/3 or less) ; constant ; aggravated ; and unknown or first visit only. Positive response (HI, I, and MI) due to Kampo medicines was observed in 76% (75/98) of patients. No aggravations were observed. The chief complaint by age was skin diseases in PS, digestive diseases in ES, and cardiovascular diseases in JS. Pediatrics was the primary referral in all ages, while 30% of JS were referred from psychiatry. Kampo medicine was significantly more effective for those in PS and ES compared to those in JS (p = 0.025). Combined use of Kampo medicine and modern medicine therapy is useful for children refractory to modern medicine.

7.
Kampo Medicine ; : 262-267, 2020.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887339

ABSTRACT

The Japan society of oriental medicine created a committee of medical safety in 2017. The first activity was to summarize the representative side effects of Kampo medicine and to enlighten members of our society about them. In this report, we documented the knowledge to keep in mind at present on pseudoaldosteronism, drug-induced liver injury, and drug-induced lung injury. Since these three major side effects may cause clinically severe conditions, it is very important to detect them early and take appropriate measures. Therefore, proper examinations at the right time are necessary while taking Kampo medicine.

8.
Kampo Medicine ; : 185-192, 2020.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887327

ABSTRACT

We conducted a fact­finding survey about the difficulties of handling the telephone consultations at a Kampo medicine outpatient clinic. We extracted the details of consultations that could not be handled by an outpatient nurse alone from the descriptive data of the telephone responses described by the nurses in the sur­vey. We, then, identified the factors that were involved in the difficulties encountered in these consultations, and countermeasures were established and implemented. One year later, we compared and examined the status of telephone consultations between before and after the fact-­finding survey. We classified the telephone con­sultations that were difficult for the outpatient nurses to handle alone into four categories : (1) consultation about a physical disorder, (2) questions about prescribed Kampo medicines, (3) reports and questions based on the patient's own judgment, and (4) questions about treatment and hospitalization. Some of the questions about Kampo medicines included the continued use of the medicine and drug interactions, and the main topics of the survey's nurse self-­judgment reports were dose reductions and changes in Kampo medicine regimens. As a re­sult of the introduction of guidelines prepared by the nurses together with physicians at the clinics, the outpa­tient nurses became able to handle telephone consultations about frequently asked questions (FAQs). At 1 year after the survey, the number of cases of difficulties in handling telephone consultations decreased to less than half the original value, and no telephone consultations were made within 1 week after the patients' first visits to the outpatient clinic.

9.
Kampo Medicine ; : 407-416, 2018.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758210

ABSTRACT

The Koho school has a high regard for formulation corresponding to sho uniquely developed as a conspicuous feature of Kampo medicine, and Ruihobunrui (the classification of formulae based on the main crude drug : CF) has played an important role in structuring the foundation of this development in the Koho school. CF is a classification method used to express the adaptation and characteristics of formulae in the Koho school, and is useful for research on drug compositions. Therefore, CF can be used effectively in both clinical practice and education. CF has shown little development in China after the appearance of Xu Ling Tai ; however, in Japan the development of CF centered on such influential figures as Todo Yoshimasu of the Koho school, and Naohiro Kitamura of the Kosho school. Kenzo Okuda and Keisetsu Otsuka used CF for clinical practice and education during the revival stage of Kampo medicine in the Showa era ; moreover, CF had a large effect on structuring the foundation of clinical application by formulating Kampo extracts for prescriptions. Thus, CF has played an important role in Kampo medicine. However, the research has been stopped in the present circumstances of Japan. We focus here on CF of the Koho school in Edo and Showa eras, and carried out considerations of CF to establish one of the characteristics of Kampo medicine that places importance on Shang Han Za Bing Lun.

10.
Kampo Medicine ; : 379-385, 2018.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758205

ABSTRACT

Soshikokito has long been used to treat cough in frail patients with cold sensation in their feet, based on the Japanese traditional Kampo textbook “Iryo-Shuhou-Kiku”. In many old documents including “Wazai-Kyokuho,” where soshikokito was first described, it is suggested that airways obstructed by a large quantity of watery expectoration should be the proper indication for the use of this formula. However, in the five cases that we successfully treated, the quantity of sputum was relatively small. To determine the practical indications for this, we examined their abdominal strength and the presence or absence of “cold feet” sensation. In addition, we investigated the nature of sputum in the past clinical reports in which successful treatment using soshikokito was described. It has become clear that we can prescribe soshikokito as an antitussive regardless of the patients' physical fitness as deduced from the abdominal strength. The “cold feet” sensation was not an essential symptom and was regarded as one of the symptoms of qi counterflow. Regarding the properties of sputum, it was viscous and small in quantity. In the cases where soshikokito was effective, it was speculated that viscous sputum would result in airway obstruction, coughing, and wheezing. These conditions will be ameliorated by the antitussive and expectorant effect of this formula, which improves qi counterflow and mildly tonifies water. In the treatment of cough with respiratory distress, “sputum with high viscosity and hard to discharge” is considered to be the targeted symptom in the practical usage of soshikokito.

11.
Kampo Medicine ; : 350-358, 2018.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758201

ABSTRACT

We experienced 8 cases of children who presented with somatic complaints and found it difficult to attend school successfully treated with Kampo medicine. We evaluated them objectively by using the evaluation scale in the guideline for medical care of school refusal. Four cases were orthostatic dysregulation, 2 cases were migraine, 1 case was involuntary movement in upper abdomen and the other case was autonomic dysfunction. Kampo medicines were selected according to conventional method, so-called sho. Among 8 cases, 5 cases had a major response, 2 cases had a minor response and one case had no beneficial response. These results suggest that Kampo therapy can be effective therapeutic means. Kampo therapy is quite personalized and beneficial especially for children who find it difficult to attend school and need individualized care. This is the first report evaluating many cases objectively by using the evaluation scale and there have been no reports similar to ours. We have to continue to enlighten general pediatricians about the effectiveness of Kampo therapy.

12.
Kampo Medicine ; : 328-335, 2018.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758198

ABSTRACT

We investigated the number of drugs and pharmaceutical cost among 159 patients prescribed Western medicine and hospitalized from August 2006 to August 2015 in the Department of Oriental (Kampo) Medicine at Chiba University Hospital. The number of drugs used in Western medicine among improved patients significantly decreased from 5.6 ± 3.6 at hospitalization to 5.3 ± 3.5 at discharge, but the number of Kampo medicine drugs was not changed. The total number of drugs including both Western medicine and Kampo medicine significantly decreased from 7.0 ± 3.8 to 6.7 ± 3.6. The number of drugs used in Western medicine among nochanged patients decreased from 5.1 ± 3.4 at hospitalization to 5.0 ± 3.7 at discharge, but the number of Kampo medicine drugs significantly increased from 1.0 ± 0.0 at hospitalization to 1.3 ± 0.5. The total number of drugs including both Western medicine and Kampo medicine increased from 6.1 ± 3.4 to 6.3 ± 3.9. We thus conclude that a combination of Kampo medicine with Western medicine can be useful for reducing the number of drugs related to polypharmacy. To achieve these results, it is essential to use the concept of sho (a way of pattern recognition of a patient's symptoms in Kampo medicine).

13.
Kampo Medicine ; : 208-211, 2015.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-377181

ABSTRACT

We reported a case of a 69-year-old male who had been diagnosed with left eye glaucoma with surgical indication complicated by an eyesight view obstacle. His left intraocular pressure did not decrease regardless of the eye drop treatment he underwent at another hospital. At the initial visit to our hospital, his left intraocular pressure was 27 mmHg. As we noted marked tympanitic sounds in his abdomen, we prescribed hangekobokuto. After one month of his medication, his left eye intraocular pressure fell to 22 mmHg ; furthermore, the marked abdominal tympanitic sounds disappeared. Two years after his initial treatment, his left intraocular pressure still stayed generally within the normal range, and it did not require surgery. In this case, predominant sympathetic nervous system may have been the mechanism behind some cases of increased intraocular pressure ; therefore, the possibility that hangekobokuto reduces intraocular pressure by acting on this was suggested. As there have been no such reports that hangekobokuto itself has an effect on intraocular pressure decrease, this is considered as a novel case.

14.
Kampo Medicine ; : 119-123, 2015.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-377021

ABSTRACT

Enterovaginal fistula, which causes uncontrollable symptoms such as gas release, vaginal defecation, perineal erosion, and vaginitis, markedly reduces patients' quality of life. In this report, we present a case of successful treatment for enterovaginal fistula with Kampo medicine.<br>A 62 year-old female who had ileoanal canal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis developed symptoms of gas release and defecation from the vagina. Although these symptoms had disappeared with conventional medicine previously, they recurred 7 years later. There was no medical indication for surgery because the fistula could not be located by barium enema or endoscopic examination. She, therefore, visited our outpatient clinic 1 and a half years after all conventional management had ended in vain.<br>Her symptoms were slightly improved by the administration of ifutokaogi, a Kampo formula, although they persisted. Three months after switching her prescription to another Kampo formula, goreisan, her symptoms completely disappeared.<br>In recent years, there has been no report on goreisan for the successful treatment of enterovaginal fistulae. Our case suggests that Kampo medicine can be an option for the treatment of enterovaginal fistula refractory to conventional treatments.

15.
Kampo Medicine ; : 112-118, 2015.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-377020

ABSTRACT

We report a case of prolonged lumbago with severe cold intolerance successfully treated with keppuchikuoto and uzushakusekishigan. The patient was a 71-year-old female with lumbar spinal canal stenosis which was refractory to several nerve and intervertebral disc block therapies and oral medications. She had been also suffering from constipation, leg cramps, intermittent chest pains, and severe cold intolerance. We prescribed keppuchikuoto for chronic blood stagnation and deficiency and uzushakusekishigan for intermittent chest pains in order to improve those symptoms all together. The severity of her lumbago and severe cold intolerance were remarkably reduced after the administration of the two formulas. This case suggests that the two formulas exerted their effectiveness by ameliorating chronic severe cold intolerance, blood stagnation, and blood deficiency and resulted in remarkable improvement in lumbago.

16.
Kampo Medicine ; : 309-312, 2014.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-376188

ABSTRACT

It has been thought that the term “<i>shukuben</i>” does not mean a simple constipation but rather that a substance is stagnating in the digestive tract despite ordinary defecation. However, there has been no concrete evidence for this <i>shukuben </i>definition.<br>The authors have obtained evidence for what may be one type of <i>shukuben</i>, by means of X-ray photography after an upper digestive tract examination using a barium sulfate contrast medium, in a patient with irritable bowel syndrome. The X-rays showed the contrast medium adhering to the colon wall three days post-examination despite subsequent diarrhea, suggesting one type of <i>shukuben</i>. In this paper, the authors also reported the result of a historical search for the term <i>shukuben </i>in the past medical textbooks, which revealed that the first description of this term is found in <i>hougizashi </i>and was described by Yodo Odai. We also considered that this term is a derivation of <i>shukushoku </i>meaning a stagnation of digestive tract contents.

17.
Kampo Medicine ; : 167-179, 2014.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-375877

ABSTRACT

The practical use of abdominal examination is a major characteristic of Kampo medicine. Although most Kampo medical texts describe an abdominal examination for a Kampo formula, comparative studies between texts have not contributed to any standardized descriptions for such examinations. We investigated descriptions of 147 prescription Kampo extract formulations in Kampo texts written after the Showa Era, and obtained the following results. Abdominal examinations were described differently by authors, even for the same prescription. Additionally, we examined the descriptions for anchusan (安中散) and kososan (香蘇散), which are called the <i>Gosei </i>school formulae (後世方). Descriptions of abdominal examinations for these drugs were not quoted from an original Chinese medical text, but were empirically constituted in Japan. As knowledge was accumulated, these various descriptions were created through limited personal connections, and/or the opinions of particular authorities. We suggest that a consensus on abdominal examinations would further studies on the viability of traditional medicines, and better characterize Kampo medicine.

18.
Kampo Medicine ; : 574-583, 2011.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-362644

ABSTRACT

In the Guideline for treatment of chronic headache published by Japanese Headache Society, Ibuprofen and Acetaminophen are proposed for the acute treatment of migraine in children. But prophylactic treatment of pediatric migraine is not established. We report the efficacy of Kampo medicine for preventing migraine in children and childhood periodic syndromes. We use a variety of Kampo medicine for 9 pediatric migraine and periodic syndromes patients from 8 to 15 years old. All 9 patients improve their headache and associated symptoms including abdominal pain, vertigo, nausea and vomiting. After treatment the mean average of Headache Impact Test-6 (HIT-6) improve from 63.66 points to 45.77 points. Kampo medicines is effective for migraine in children and childhood periodic syndromes.

19.
Kampo Medicine ; : 29-33, 2011.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379041

ABSTRACT

We investigated prescriptions and drug costs at admission and discharge for 35 patients hospitalized in Department of Japanese Oriental (Kampo) Medicine, Chiba University Hospital from September 2006 to October 2008. They recovered after Kampo therapy from various non-acute diseases. The number of western drugs decreased from 3.7 at admission to 2.7 at discharge, thus their drug costs per day significantly decreased from302.1yen to 227.6 yen. The cost of Kampo medicines themselves, on the other hand, did not decrease significantly. Total drug costs, however, were significantly reduced from 437.8 yen at admission to 348.0 yen at discharge, so patients' overall costs were reduced by 20%. These results indicated that the proper use of Kampo medicine for various diseases would reduce drug costs and the impact of treatment expenses on medical economics, with improvement in disease outcomes.

20.
Kampo Medicine ; : 48-52, 2011.
Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379037

ABSTRACT

We experienced a case of post-operative complication and chronic pain due to left pyeloplasty and uterine myomectomy successfully treated with Kampo medicine. A 55-year-old woman underwent pyeloplasty for ureteropelvic junction obstruction, and ureteral stent for ureteral stenosis caused by synechia after uterine myomectomy. She suffered from post-operative complication and chronic pain, which was becoming severe, and had a depressed mood. She visited our outpatient clinic for Kampo therapy. We prescribed bukuryoingohangekobokuto on the diagnoses such as qi deficiency, qi stagnation, and water retention. Her symptoms disappeared with this formulation. This case suggests the importance of considering qi disturbance when we treat patients with chronic pain using Kampo medicine.

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