Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 45
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 217-235, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880263

ABSTRACT

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common pathological type of lung cancer. The systemic antitumor therapy of advanced NSCLC has undergone renovations of chemotherapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy, which results in greatly improved survival for patients with advanced NSCLC. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), especially targeting programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1)/programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1), has changed the treatment paradigm of NSCLC. ICIs have become the standard treatment for advanced NSCLC without epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR) mutation or anaplastic lymphomakinase(ALK) translocation in the first- or second-line setting, and for locally advanced NSCLC following concurrent radiotherapy and chemotherapy. ICIs are also promising in adjuvant/neoadjuvant therapy. More and more ICIs have been approved domestically for the treatment of NSCLC. Led by the NSCLC expert committee of Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology (CSCO), this consensus was developed and updated based on thoroughly reviewing domestic and foreign literatures, clinical trial data, systematic reviews, experts' discussion and the consensus(2019 version). This consensus will aid domestic clinicians in the treatment of NSCLC with ICIs.
.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868671

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between the dose of preoperative neoadjuvant radiotherapy and the pathologic complete response (pCR) rate in patients with locally advanced squamous cell esophageal cancer (ESCC).Methods:Clinical data of 116 patients with ESCC who received neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy followed by esophagectomy in our cancer center from July 2017 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The radiation doses were divided into 2 ranges based on Grays (Gy) received: 40-45 Gy and 45 Gy or more.Results:The overall pCR rate was 38. 8%(45/116). pCR was observed in 35 out of 80(44%) patients treated with 40-45 Gy and 10 of 36(28%) patients treated with 45 Gy or more. The pCR rate did not significantly differ between two groups [(40-45 Gy) vs.( ≥ 45 Gy), P=0.105)]. Conclusions:Preoperative neoadjuvant radiotherapy with a higher dose (≥ 45 Gy) fails to increase the pCR rate in patients with locally advanced ESCC. Prospective randomized trials are required to determine the optimal dose of preoperative adjuvant radiotherapy.

3.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 299-305, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826990

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Mortality of lung cancer can be decreased by early screening effectively. However, consistent and proficient standards & methods have not been established in China. This study was based on pulmonary nodules/lung cancer comprehensive management platform established by West China Hospital, Sichuan University. Early screening of pulmonary nodules was integrated into standard healthcare of lung cancer system, aiming to improve survivals of lung cancer patients.@*METHODS@#Three cohorts were established: healthy populations, pulmonary nodules cohort and lung cancer patients cohort, and related clinical data will be collected and analyzed. Preliminary plan includes verifying effect of pulmonary nodules screening module.@*RESULTS@#Pulmonary nodules screening was performed in 2,836 employers (>40 years old) of West China Hospital. Lung cancers were diagnosed in 66 participants, all receiving surgery to remove the lesions. 65 of them were with early stage diseases, 1 with lung cancer and brain metastasis.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Proficient screening, follow-up and healthcare can be achieved via pulmonary nodules/lung cancer comprehensive management mode, which will be extended all over west China region in future.

4.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 532-540, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826943

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide as well as in China. For many years, conventional oncologic treatments such as surgery, chemotherapy, and radiotherapy (RT) have dominated the field of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The recent introduction of immunotherapy in clinical practice, led to a paradigm shift in lung cancer as in many other solid tumors. Recent pre-clinical and clinical data have shown RT may also modify antitumor immune responses through induction of immunogenic cell death and reprogramming of the tumor microenvironment. This has led many to reexamine RT as a partner therapy to immuno-oncology treatments and investigate their potential synergy in an exponentially growing number of clinical trials. Clinical trials combining radiotherapy and immunotherapy are attracting major attention, experts were invited to discuss frontier and controversial academic topics: (1) Recent developments of clinical synergy between radiation and immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) in the treatment of NSCLC; (2) Will immunotherapy and radiotherapy increase the toxicity risk for cancer patients; (3) How to cope the mixed responses/disassociated responses phenomenon in checkpoint inhibition therapy to NSCLC with local ablative therapy; (4) Combining radiotherapy and immunotherapy in the treatment of NSCLC brain metastases.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793009

ABSTRACT

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common pathological type of lung cancer, most NSCLC patients are at advanced stage at the time of diagnosis. For patients without sensitive driven-oncogene mutations, chemotherapy is still the main treatment at present, the overall prognosis is poor. Improving outcomes and obtaining long-term survival are the most urgent needs of patients with advanced NSCLC. In recent years, immunotherapy has developed rapidly. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), especially targeting programmed death-1 (PD-1)/programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1), have made a breakthrough in the treatment of NSCLC, beneficial to patients' survival and changed the treatment pattern for NSCLC. It shows more and more important role in the treatment of NSCLC. Led by NSCLC expert committee of Chinese society of clinical oncology (CSCO), relevant experts in this field were organized. On the basis of referring to domestic and foreign literature, systematically evaluating the results of Chinese and foreign clinical trials, and combining the experiences of the experts, the experts group reached an agreement to develop this consensus. It will guide domestic counterparts for better application of ICIs to treat NSCLC.

6.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1020-1024, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701233

ABSTRACT

AIM:To explore the effects of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) double inhibitor AZD8055 on autophagy and apoptosis of human cholangiocarcinoma cell line HuCCT1. METHODS:The effect of AZD8055 on the viability of HuCCT1 cells was detected by MTT assay. Autophagosome was detected by acridine orange (AO) staining. Af-ter treated with AZD8055, the expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins Bcl-2, Bax and cleaved caspase-3 and auto-phagy marker proteins beclin 1, LC3 and p62 were determined by Western blot. Apoptotic rate was analyzed by flow cyto-metry with Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining. RESULTS:AZD8055 significantly inhibited the viability of HuCCT1 cells (P<0.05). AO staining showed that AZD8055 significantly increased orange granules in the cytoplasm. After treated with AZD8055, compared with the control group, the protein level of beclin 1 and the ratio of LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-Ⅰ were enhanced, while p62 was attenuated (P<0.05). The protein expression level of pro-apoptotic regulator Bax was down-regulated and anti-apoptotic regulator Bcl-2 was increased. The protein level of cleaved caspase-3 was reduced (P<0.05). The results of flow cytometry showed that AZD8055 inhibited cell apoptosis. CONCLUSION:AZD8055 inhibits the viability of cholangiocarcinoma cells, and the mechanism is closely related with autophagy induced by AZD8055.

7.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 553-559, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772402

ABSTRACT

Recently, targeted therapy has achieved great success in the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Mesenchymal to epithelial transition factor (MET) is considered to be another important molecular target for NSCLC since epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK). Accumulating clinical trials and case reports have confirmed that MET inhibitors exhibited a potential prospect in treating patients with MET 14 exon skipping alterations, suggesting that MET 14 exon skipping mutation might be an effective biomarker for MET inhibitors, which remains to be confirmed by more clinical data. This review summarizes current research about the molecular mechanism, clinicopathological characterization, treatment strategies and drug resistance mechanisms of MET 14 exon skipping alterations in NSCLC.
.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Exons , Genetics , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Molecular Targeted Therapy , Mutation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-met , Genetics
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664146

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the preparation of a rat model of pneumonia model induced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa( PA) using different methods,and to lay the foundation for further studies. Methods 48 SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups:the control group (A), the intratracheal injection group (B), the trachea cannulation group (C) and the intranasal inoculation group ( D) . After intervention with different treatment modalities, the body weight,tempera-ture,white blood cell count and lung pathological changes in the rats of all groups were detected at 5, 10, 15 days. Results 1. The behavior, body weight, temperature, leukocytes and pathological inflammatory changes of the lung in rats of the model groups were significantly different from that of control group. 2. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was detected in rats of all the model groups, but the control group was negative. Conclusions Rat model of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infected pneu?monia can be successfully established by intranasal inoculation. This method can avoid the inflammatory interference from operation, and is simple and suitable for popularization.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660642

ABSTRACT

Diabetic peripheral neuropathy is one of the most common complication of diabetes, which causes pain and inconvenience to the patients and reduces the quality of life. The pathogenesis of DPN is not yet clear, which is the result of multi-factor interaction. Hyperglycemia is clearly an important factor for its pathogenesis and development. Several metabolic pathways have been identified that may relate to the cellular metabolic including glucose flux through the polyol pathway, the hexosamine pathway, production of the protein kinase C isoforms and accumulation of advanced glycation end products. The additive imbalance of these pathways alters the mito-chondrial redox state of the cell and results in oxidative stress. It also causes inflammation. Additionally, growth factors, insulin resistance and lipid abnormality may participate in the metabolic pathway. This review is aimed to elaborate the pathogenesis and complement the known mechanism.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657997

ABSTRACT

Diabetic peripheral neuropathy is one of the most common complication of diabetes, which causes pain and inconvenience to the patients and reduces the quality of life. The pathogenesis of DPN is not yet clear, which is the result of multi-factor interaction. Hyperglycemia is clearly an important factor for its pathogenesis and development. Several metabolic pathways have been identified that may relate to the cellular metabolic including glucose flux through the polyol pathway, the hexosamine pathway, production of the protein kinase C isoforms and accumulation of advanced glycation end products. The additive imbalance of these pathways alters the mito-chondrial redox state of the cell and results in oxidative stress. It also causes inflammation. Additionally, growth factors, insulin resistance and lipid abnormality may participate in the metabolic pathway. This review is aimed to elaborate the pathogenesis and complement the known mechanism.

11.
Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 1125-1128, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694184

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the technical feasibility and effectiveness of X-ray-guided implantation of inverted Y-type metal airway stent under local anesthesia by using a modified technique of exchanging guide wire in order to shorten operation time.Methods The clinical data of a total of 16 patients,who received inverted Y-type metal airway stent implantation under local anesthesia,were retrospectively analyzed.Routine gradual guide wire exchange method with a harder one was used in 6 patients (routine group),while in 10 patients (modification group) a modified technique of exchanging guide wire,i.e.inserting two hard wires at one time,was employed.Technical success rate and operation time were used as the main observation indexes.Results Under local anesthesia,the implantation of inverted Y-type metal airway stent was successfully accomplished in all 16 patients.The mean operation time of the routine group and the modification group was 15.6 minutes and 11.1 minutes respectively,the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P<0.05).Conclusion For the performance of implantation of inverted Ytype metal airway stent under local anesthesia to treat malignant carina stenosis,the use of modified technique of guide wire insertion,i.e.inserting two hard wires at one time,can effectively shorten the operation time.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506330

ABSTRACT

Antiangiogenesis therapy is one of the most common anticancer therapies. Bevacizumab is a monoclonal antibody that blocks the binding of the vascular endothelial growth factor to its high-affinity receptors. It is the only antiangiogenic agent approved for the first-line treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Many recent studies have attempted to determine the suit-able partners of bevacizumab in first-line treatment of NSCLC and evaluate its efficacy and safety as a second-line or beyond and con-tinuous treatment of beyond disease progression in patients with advanced NSCLC. This review summarizes current clinical research about the efficacy and safety of bevacizumab in the treatment of advanced NSCLC.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-503796

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the impact of clinical factors on survival in patients receiving concurrent chemotherapy and three?dimensional radiotherapy ( 3DRT) for stage IV non?small cell lung cancer ( NSCLC) . Methods A total of 203 patients were enrolled in a prospective clincial study from 2008 to 2012, and among these patients, 178 patients were eligible for analysis of clinical factors. All patients were treated with platinum?based doublets chemotherapy, with a median number of chemotherapy cycles of 4( 2?6 cycles) and a median dose of 3DRT of 60?3 Gy (36?0?76?5 Gy).The Kaplan?Meier method was used to calculate overall survival ( OS) rates, the log?rank test was used to compare survival rates between groups, and the Cox regression model were used for multivariate analysis. Results The 1?, 2?, and 3?year overall survival rates were 56%, 16%, and 10%, respectively, and the median survival time was 13 months (95% CI=11?500?14?500). The univariate analysis showed that platelet count ≤221×109/L, neutrophil count ≤5.2×109/L, white blood cell count<7×109/L, and improvement in Karnofsky Performance Scale ( KPS) after treatment significantly prolonged OS ( P=0?000,0?022,0?003, and 0?029) , and metastasis to a single organ and hemoglobin≥120 g/L tended to prolong OS (P=0?058 and 0?075). The multivariate analysis showed that white blood cell count<7×109/L, platelet count ≤221×109/L, and improvement in KPS after treatment were beneficial to OS ( all P<0?05) . Conclusions White blood cell count and platelet count before treatment and KPS after treatment are prognostic factors for patients with stage IV NSCLC receiving concurrent chemotherapy and 3DRT. Clinical Trial Registry ClinicalTrials. gov, registration number:ChiCTRTNC10001026.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467382

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy and safety of three?dimensional radiotherapy (3DRT) with concurrent chemotherapy for stage IV non?small?cell lung cancer ( NSCLC). Methods A total of 198 eligible patients from 2008 to 2012 were enrolled as subjects. With an age ranging between 18 and 80 years and a Karnofsky Performance Status ( KPS) score of 70 or more, those patients had no contraindication for radiotherapy and chemotherapy, and were newly diagnosed with stage IV NSCLC confirmed by histology or cytology, as well as limited metastatic disease (≤3 organs). Survival rates and acute toxicities in those patients were evaluated. Results The 3?year follow?up rate was 98?? 5% and the 3?year sample size was 165. The median overall survival (OS) and progression?free survival (PFS) were 13?? 0 months (95% CI,11?? 7 ?14?? 3 months) and 9?? 0 months (95% CI,7?? 7 ?10?? 3 months), respectively, while the 1?, 2?, and 3?year OS rates were 53?? 5%, 15?? 8%, and 9?? 2%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that a primary tumor volume smaller than 134 cm3 , a stable or increased KPS score after treatment, and a radiation dose of 63 Gy or more were independent prognostic factors for longer survival time ( P=0?? 008;P= 0?? 010;P= 0?? 014). The incidence rates of grade 3?4 neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, anemia, grade 3 radiation esophagitis, and grade 3 radiation pneumonitis were 37?? 9%, 10?? 1%, 6?? 9%, 2?? 5%, and 6?? 6%, respectively. The main cause of death was distant metastasis, and only 10% of the patients died of recurrence alone. Conclusions 3DRT with concurrent chemotherapy achieves satisfactory treatment outcomes with tolerable toxicities for stage IV NSCLC. Primary tumor volume, change in the KPS score after treatment, and radiation dose are independent prognostic factors for OS.Clinical Trial Registry Chinese Clinical Reistry,registration number:ChiCTRC10001026.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-359596

ABSTRACT

Survivin-D53A (SVV-D53A) is a dominant-negative mutant survivin, which represents a potential promising target for cancer gene therapy. The present study was designed to determine whether SVV-D53A plasmid encapsuled by DOTAP: Chol liposome would have the anti-tumor activity against SPC-A1 lung adenocarcinoma, and to detect the possible mechanisms. In our experiment, SPC-A1 cells were transfected in vitro with SVV-D53A plasmid and examined for protein expression by Western blot, then flow cytometric analysis was used to detect apoptosis. SPC-A1 lung adenocarcinoma xenografts were established in vivo in the nude mice, which received the i. v. administrations of SVV-D53A plasmid/liposome complexes. After mice were sacrificed, the paraffin-embedded tumor tissue sections were used for proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay. Compared with the control group, the mice treated with SVV-D53A plasmid had an obviously reduced tumor volume, with high level of apoptosis and decreased cell proliferation in tumor tissue. The research results proved that the administration of SVV-D53A plasmid resulted in significant inhibition of SPC-A1 cells both in vitro and in vivo. The functional mechanism is that the anti-tumor response causes and induces tumor cell apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Pathology , Animals , Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Heterografts , Humans , Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins , Metabolism , Liposomes , Lung Neoplasms , Pathology , Mice , Mice, Nude , Neoplasm Proteins , Metabolism , Neoplasm Transplantation , Plasmids , Transfection , Tumor Burden
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481919

ABSTRACT

Brain metastasis is among the most common complications of non-small celllung cancer (NSCLC) and may obviously influence the survival and quality of life in the NSCLC patients. Recently, the development in traditional treatments, the widely-used micro-molecular targeted drugs, and the combined treatment have improved the overall survival and the quality of life of these patients. In addition, the exploration of new therapeutic targets and cognitive function protective methods for current treatments also deserves at-tention. This review emphasizes the relevant clinical and basic problems and the therapeutic strategies in NSCLC with brain metastases.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-447490

ABSTRACT

Currently, histological and molecular methods are considered for the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Single-agent epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine-kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) and anaplastic lymphoma kinase in-hibitors (ALK-TKIs) have been used as standard first-line therapies for patients with active EGFR mutation and ALK rearrangement, re-spectively. However, to date, the single-agent EGFR-TKIs as the first-line therapy for patients with known EGFR mutations has been demonstrated to provide a prolonged progression-free survival but does not affect overall survival (OS). Physicians these days focus on improving the OS of patients with advanced NSCLC. To patients with EGFR mutation, combining and maintaining EGFR-TKIs with chemotherapy could be a promising approach. In this article, various ways of combining EGFR-TKIs with chemotherapy were explored.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352187

ABSTRACT

Cancer stem cells (CSCs) and angiogenesis play important roles in generation and development of malignant tumours. The number of researches concerned both of them is increasing rapidly and many impressive conclusions have been achieved based on recent studies. It is indicated that the CSCs have complicated interaction with the adjacent vascular microenvironment and they act on the disease progression together. CSCs may enhance angiogenesis while the vascular microenvironment has effects on maintenance and even induction of stemness, and new illustrations of mechanisms are constantly obtained. In this review, we summarize the current research status of mutual actions between CSCs and the vascular microenvironment, and also overview the latest progresses about relevant targeted therapies, to provide advisable information for future preclinical and clinical explorations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neoplasms , Pathology , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Pathology , Physiology , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Pathology , Tumor Microenvironment
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 4242-4246, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-327595

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Bloodstream infections (BSIs) remain a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing surgery. This study aimed at elucidating the clinical characteristics of community-acquired BSIs (CABs) and nosocomial BSIs (nBSIs) in patients admitted to the surgical wards of a teaching hospital in Beijing, China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This cross-sectional study compared 191 episodes of BSIs in 4074 patients admitted to the surgical wards between January 2008 and December 2011. Cases of BSIs were classified as CABs or nBSIs, and the characteristics, relevant treatments, and outcomes of CABs and nBSIs were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 191 BSIs, 52 (27.2%) and 139 (72.8%) were CABs and nBSIs, respectively. Escherichia coli, coagulasenegative staphylococci, and Klebsiella spp, were the most frequently isolated microorganisms. There were significant differences between CABs and nBSIs with respect to the use of hormonal drugs, ventilation, acute physiology and chronic health evaluation (APACHE) II and American Society of Anesthesiologists scores, and prevalence of cancer (P < 0.05). Empirical antibacterial therapy did not decrease the crude mortality, but multivariate analysis showed that high APACHE II was independently associated with a risk of mortality (odds ratio = 0.97, 95% confidence interval: 0.93-1.02 for APACHE II).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>We found significant differences in the clinical characteristics of surgical patients with CABs and nBSIs. The outcome of patients seems to be related to high APACHE II scores.</p>


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Bacteremia , Epidemiology , China , Community-Acquired Infections , Epidemiology , Microbiology , Cross Infection , Epidemiology , Microbiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Escherichia coli , Virulence , Female , General Surgery , Hospitals , Humans , Male , Staphylococcus , Virulence
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 61-67, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331321

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Despite psycho-oncological concerns and studies having thrived these past decades, sparse reports illustrate to what extent Chinese cancer patients are involved and influenced by comorbid mental health problems. To investigate the mental health condition of cancer patient, as well as its possible impacts on prognosis, the first large-scale survey was performed in the west of China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>For standardizing and facilitating the assessment of mental illness in inpatients with cancer, a multidisciplinary rating flow was designed and established. On the basis of this system, between May 1st and 31st 2009, 2279 cancer inpatients from nine medical centers received preliminarily screening executed by oncologists using screening scales Mental Health Screening Questionnaire (MHSQ), Zung self-rating depression scales (SDS), Zung self-rating anxiety scale (SAS), and posttraumatic stress disorder checklist-civilian version (PCL-C). Further analyses of the ones screened positively were conducted by psychiatrists applying corresponding symptom-rating scales (HAMA/HAMD/BPRS). We summarized the overall proportion of patients with impaired mental health based on the data acquired from preliminary screening, and then calculated occurrence rates of each clinical syndrome of mental disorder according to symptom conclusions. The impact of comorbid mental illness was evaluated through the follow-up scheduled 1 year later, by comparing the survival rate, progression of disease, and quality of life (QoL) between subgroup patients with or without clinical syndrome of mental disorder.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In preliminary screenings, 26.1% (595/2279) yielded positive results. Further symptom conclusions confirmed 15.8% (359/2279) with clinical syndrome of mental disorder. Regarding specific type of syndrome, the occurrence rates of depression, anxiety, psychotic symptoms, and stress-related disorders were 13.3%, 10.2%, 2.8%, and 1.4%, respectively. Follow-up assessments were successfully performed in 1918 subjects (84.2%). Further analyses indicated that although insignificant influence was observed in terms of 1-year survival rate and disease progression, cancer patients with a clinical syndrome of mental disorder obtained significantly lower levels (P < 0.05) in five domains of QoL (scored by QLQ-C30).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In China, at least 26% of cancer patients experienced impaired mental health, of which 60% already had a detectable clinical syndrome of mental disorder, which could significantly undermine their QoL.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , China , Epidemiology , Comorbidity , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Mental Disorders , Epidemiology , Mental Health , Middle Aged , Neoplasms , Psychology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL