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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906097

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically evaluate the efficacy of oral Chinese herbal prescriptions combined with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) against primary hepatic carcinoma (PHC) and screen the basic Chinese herbs,in order to provide certain reference for clinical medication. Method:The randomized controlled trials concerning the treatment of PHC with oral Chinese herbal prescriptions plus TACE were retrieved from CBM,China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI),Chongqing Weipu Database for Chinese Technical Periodicals (VIP),and Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform.The quality of the included trials was evaluated by Cochrane handbook,and the Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3.The enumeration data were expressed by odds ratio (OR),the measurement data by mean difference (MD) or standardized mean difference (SMD),and the effect size by 95% confidence interval (CI).The data of oral Chinese herbal prescriptions involved in trials were sorted out and subjected to association rule analysis and frequency analysis based on the Traditional Chinese Medicine Inheritance Support System (TCMISS),for exploring the basic Chinese herbs and their dosages against PHC. Result:A total of 75 randomized controlled trials were included,involving 7 406 cases. As revealed by the Meta-analysis,oral Chinese herbal prescriptions combined with TACE was significantly better than TACE alone in improving the short-term curative effect [OR=2.05,95%CI(1.83,2.29)],decreasing alpha fetoprotein (AFP) [MD=-59.02,95%CI(-79.03,-39.01)],ameliorating liver function [SMD=-1.23,95%CI(-1.58,-0.88)],boosting immunity [SMD=1.08,95%CI(0.84,1.32)],adjusting Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS) scale score [OR=2.7,95%CI(1.11,11.02)],elevating survival rate [OR=2.31,95%CI(1.96,2.71)],and reducing adverse reactions [OR=0.38,95%CI(0.34,0.43)].Data mining results showed that the basic Chinese herbs against PHC were Bupleuri Radix,Paeoniae Alba Radix,Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma,Poria,and Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma,with their clinical dosages listed as follows:6-15 g for Bupleuri Radix,10-15 g for Paeoniae Alba Radix,9-15 g for Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma,10-15 g for Poria,and 3-10 g for Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. Conclusion:The oral Chinese herbal prescriptions combined with TACE produce better effects in treatment of PHC as compared with TACE alone.These five basic Chinese herbs have anti-cancer effect,and their dosages are within the ranges stipulated in 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia.</italic>This Meta-analysis has provided certain reference for clinical medication.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921667

ABSTRACT

Data mining is an important method to obtain the key information from a large amount of data, and it is widely applied in the research on the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM). The compatibility law of herbs is a key issue in the research of TCM prescriptions. This reflects the flexibility and effectiveness of TCM prescriptions, and it is also a crucial link to the development of TCM modernization. Therefore, it is the core purpose of the research on TCM prescriptions to find the compatibility law of herbs and clarify the scientific connotation. Data mining, as an effective method and an important approach, has formed a standardized system in the research of compatibility law of herbs, which can reveal the relationship between different Chinese herbs and summarize the internal rules in compatibility. Two hundred and twenty two effective papers were sorted out and categorized in this article. The results showed that data mining was mainly applied in finding the core Chinese herb pairs, summarizing the utility and attributes of TCM prescriptions, revealing the relationship between prescriptions, Chinese herbs and syndromes, finding the optimal dose of Chinese herbs, and producing the new prescriptions. The problems of data mining in research of herbs compatibility rules were summarized, and its development and trend in current researches were discussed in this article to provide useful references for the in-depth study of data mining in the compatibility law of Chinese herbs.


Subject(s)
Data Mining , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Prescriptions , Syndrome
3.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 395-407, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888774

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#By optimizing the extreme learning machine network with particle swarm optimization, we established a syndrome classification and prediction model for primary liver cancer (PLC), classified and predicted the syndrome diagnosis of medical record data for PLC and compared and analyzed the prediction results with different algorithms and the clinical diagnosis results. This paper provides modern technical support for clinical diagnosis and treatment, and improves the objectivity, accuracy and rigor of the classification of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndromes.@*METHODS@#From three top-level TCM hospitals in Nanchang, 10,602 electronic medical records from patients with PLC were collected, dating from January 2009 to May 2020. We removed the electronic medical records of 542 cases of syndromes and adopted the cross-validation method in the remaining 10,060 electronic medical records, which were randomly divided into a training set and a test set. Based on fuzzy mathematics theory, we quantified the syndrome-related factors of TCM symptoms and signs, and information from the TCM four diagnostic methods. Next, using an extreme learning machine network with particle swarm optimization, we constructed a neural network syndrome classification and prediction model that used "TCM symptoms + signs + tongue diagnosis information + pulse diagnosis information" as input, and PLC syndrome as output. This approach was used to mine the nonlinear relationship between clinical data in electronic medical records and different syndrome types. The accuracy rate of classification was used to compare this model to other machine learning classification models.@*RESULTS@#The classification accuracy rate of the model developed here was 86.26%. The classification accuracy rates of models using support vector machine and Bayesian networks were 82.79% and 85.84%, respectively. The classification accuracy rates of the models for all syndromes in this paper were between 82.15% and 93.82%.@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with the case of data processed using traditional binary inputs, the experiment shows that the medical record data processed by fuzzy mathematics was more accurate, and closer to clinical findings. In addition, the model developed here was more refined, more accurate, and quicker than other classification models. This model provides reliable diagnosis for clinical treatment of PLC and a method to study of the rules of syndrome differentiation and treatment in TCM.


Subject(s)
Bayes Theorem , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/diagnosis , Machine Learning , Neural Networks, Computer , Syndrome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888022

ABSTRACT

A LC-MS/MS method was developed for the rapid and simultaneous determination of genipin-1-β-D-gentiobioside,geniposide,naringin,hesperidin and neohesperidin in SD rat plasma.The linear relationships of these five constituents in rats were validated,and the specificity,accuracy,precision and stability met the requirements.Their pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by DAS 3.2.2,and the results showed that the metabolic process in vivo of the five constituents accorded with the characteristics of noncompartmental model.Their main pharmacokinetic parameters were listed as follows:(1) genipin-1-β-D-gentiobioside:t_(1/2)(3.20±0.51)h,C_(max)(403.15±96.93)μg·L~(-1)and AUC_(0-t)(612.56±148.50)μg·L~(-1)·h for the model group,while t_(1/2)(3.07±0.75) h,C_(max)(229.50±60.63)μg·L~(-1)and AUC_(0-t)(413.14±76.37)μg·L~(-1)·h for the normal group;(2) geniposide:t_(1/2)(3.24±0.68) h,C_(max)(2 961.40±688.02)μg·L~(-1),and AUC_(0-t)(10 972.87±1 992.96)μg·L~(-1)·h for the model group,while t_(1/2)(4.56±0.96) h,C_(max)(1 833.27±558.13)μg·L~(-1),and AUC_(0-t)(8 996.27±3 053.48)μg·L~(-1)·h for the normal group;(3) naringin:t_(1/2)(1.64±0.59) h,C_(max)(415.13±259.54)μg·L~(-1),and AUC_(0-t)(608.62±289.05)μg·L~(-1)·h for the model group,while t_(1/2)(1.02±0.25) h,C_(max)(355.08±180.00)μg·L~(-1),and AUC_(0-t)(501.07±242.68)μg·L~(-1)·h for the normal group;(4) hesperidin:t_(1/2)(0.86±0.29) h,C_(max)(95.17±22.80)μg·L~(-1)and AUC_(0-t)(141.19±54.63)μg·L~(-1)·h for the model group,while t_(1/2)(0.95±0.31) h,C_(max)(46.48±18.33)μg·L~(-1)and AUC_(0-t)(69.51±14.73)μg·L~(-1)·h for the normal group;(5) neohesperidin:t_(1/2)(0.89±0.29) h,C_(max)(828.78±361.56)μg·L~(-1)and AUC_(0-t)(1 292.29±553.73)μg·L~(-1)·h for the model group,while t_(1/2)(0.90±0.31) h,C_(max)(314.68±172.45)μg·L~(-1)and AUC_(0-t)(385.99±138.55)μg·L~(-1)·h for the normal group.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884556

ABSTRACT

Objective:In this paper, based on the 4D dose distribution of the treatment plan, the effects of respiratory movement on the dose distribution of three-dimensional conformal radiation therapy (3DCRT) and sliding window intensity-modulated radiation therapy (SW-IMRT) techniques were analyzed, and the dose errors caused by respiratory movement based on the 4D dose distribution were evaluated.Methods:In this study, the dynamic thoracic phantom (CIRS-008A) was used to simulate the patient with a 3 cm spherical insert as the tumor. Four motion patterns were simulated with cos 4( x) and sin ( x) wave forms of 10 mm and 5 mm amplitudes. The 4DCT scans with the phantom were performed in different breathing modes, and the maximum intensity projection (MIP), average intensity projection (AIP) and 10 separate 4DCT phase images were transferred to the Eclipse treatment planning system. The targets were contoured on MIP, with corresponding 3DCRT and SW-IMRT plans designed and dose calculated on AIP. By copying the plan designed on the AIP to each phase image of the 4DCT set, the MATLAB software package was employed to register and superimpose all the phase-specific doses onto one of the reference phase to create a 4D-accumulated dose distribution. Both films (EBT2) and optically stimulated luminescence (OSLD) detectors were inserted in and around the target area of the phantom to measure the delivered doses. The calculated 4D-accumulated doses were compared to the measured doses and their differences were evaluated using Gamma analysis. Results:Under different respiration modes, the average Gamma index (3%/3 mm) passing rates between the 4D-accumulated doses and EBT2-measured doses for 3DCRT and SW-IMRT plans were (98.8±0.78)% and (96.4±1.89)%, respectively. The absolute measurements of OSLDs both inside and outside of the target area well matched the 4D-accumulated doses.Conclusions:4DCT can be effectively applied to evaluate the treatment plan dose distribution through 4D dose accumulation, which can potentially avoid cold spots and target under-coverage. Under different respiration modes, both 3DCRT and SW-IMRT plans provide dose measurements consistent with those predicted by the 4D-accumulated dose of treatment plan.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 74-85, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781605

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Conventional treatment has limited efficacy in relapsed/refractory B-cell lymphoma. Since chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR-T) technology has shown high safety and results in high remission rates, we investigated its efficacy and safety in B-cell lymphoma treatment and analyzed potential affecting factors to provide evidence for therapeutic strategies and applications.@*METHODS@#We searched databases including PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane up to July 2019. Meta-analysis 1 was conducted to study the efficacy of CAR-T cell for treating B-cell lymphoma, measuring the response rate and complete remission rate as outcomes. Sub-group analysis was performed for age, pathological type, target antigen, co-stimulatory molecule, and conditioning chemotherapy. Meta-analysis 2 was undertaken on the safety of the treatment with the incidence rate of toxicity (cytokine-releasing syndrome [CRS], neurotoxicity) as an outcome.@*RESULTS@#Seventeen studies were included in the systematic review and meta-analysis. It was found that CAR-T cells had good therapeutic effects in the following cases: B-cell lymphoma (patients ≥65 years old); diffuse large B-cell lymphoma pathological type; patients with treatment target antigen other than CD19; patients treated with co-stimulatory molecules other than CD28, including 4-1BB+CD28 or 4-1BB; and patients treated with cyclophosphamide/fludarabine pre-treatment protocol conditioning chemotherapy. Although the CRS and neurotoxicity incidences were high, most were reversible with minimal risk of death.@*CONCLUSION@#CAR-T cell treatment is safe for clinical application; however, toxicity effects should be monitored.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793270

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the differences in the expression levels of the lncRNA MALAT1, NEAT, NEAT2 in peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) from tuberculosis patients and healthy controls. Methods We detected the lncRNA expression levels in PBMC from 79 tuberculosis patients and 82 healthy controls by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, and analyzed the correlation between lncRNA expression levels and some clinical features and laboratory indicators in tuberculosis patients. Results The expression levels of MALAT1, NEAT1 in PBMC of tuberculosis patients were significantly higher than healthy controls (Z=-4.386, P<0.001; Z=-10.175, P<0.001). There was no significant difference in the expression of NEAT2 between tuberculosis patients and healthy controls (Z=-0.203,P=0.839). The correlation results of lncRNA levels and some clinical features, laboratory indicators in tuberculosis patients suggested that the NEAT2 level in PBMC of newly treated tuberculosis patients was higher than recurrent tuberculosis patients, while the NEAT2 level in PBMC of sputum smear positive tuberculosis patients was lower than that of sputum smear negative tuberculosis patients (all P<0.05). There was a negative correlation between MALAT1 level and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (rs=-0.256, P=0.034). Conclusion MALAT1 and NEAT1 are abnormally expressed in PBMC of tuberculosis patients, and may be involved in the pathogenesis of pulmonary tuberculosis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 360-366, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805166

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the blood lipid levels and prevalence of dyslipidemia in people with hypertension and diabetes in Henan province.@*Methods@#From April 2016 to April 2017, multi-stage cluster sampling was adopted to investigate 71 285 local residents aged between 35 and 75 from 6 districts and counties in Henan province including Zhongmu county of Zhengzhou city, Huojia county of Xinxiang city, Hualong district of Puyang city, Qi county of Hebi city, Xigong district of Luoyang city, and Wugang city of Pingdingshan city. Blood samples were collected. According to the diagnostic criteria of hypertension and diabetes, the study population was divided into control group (n=29 427), hypertension group (n=21 965), diabetes group (n=8 009) and hypertension-diabetes group (n=11 884). Comparisons on blood lipid levels and dyslipidemia between 4 groups were performed.@*Results@#The total cholesterol (TC) level of all subjects was 4.37 (3.78, 5.05) mmol/L. The triglyceride (TG) level was 1.27 (0.97, 1.80) mmol/L, the low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) level was 2.34 (1.88, 2.88) mmol/L and the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) level was 1.31 (1.08, 1.59) mmol/L. Except for the TC level in women aged 65-75 years and LDL-C levels in women aged 55-64 and 65-75 years, there were significant differences in TC, TG, LDL-C and HDL-C levels between subjects of control group, hypertension group, diabetes group, and hypertension-diabetes group in different age ranges (including 35-44, 45-54, 55-64,and 65-75 years) and genders(all P<0.01).Except for the LDL-C and HDL-C in men aged 35-44 years and LDL-C in women aged 65-75 years, there were significant differences in the dyslipidemia rates of TC, TG, LDL-C and HDL-C between subjects of control group, hypertension group, diabetes group and hypertension-diabetes group in different age ranges and genders(P<0.01 or <0.05). After adjusting for age, gender, smoking, drinking, snoring, region, and body mass index, multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that hypertension (OR=1.221, 95%CI 1.113-1.339, P<0.01), diabetes (OR=1.636, 95%CI 1.461-1.833, P<0.01) and hypertension-diabetes (OR=1.832, 95%CI 1.658-2.023, P<0.01) were independent risk factors for TC abnormality. Hypertension (OR=1.566, 95%CI 1.478-1.659, P<0.01), diabetes (OR=2.182, 95%CI 2.031-2.342, P<0.01) and hypertension-diabetes (OR=2.655, 95%CI 2.492-2.829, P<0.01) were also independent risk factors for TG abnormality. Diabetes (OR=1.510, 95%CI 1.309-1.742, P<0.01) and hypertension-diabetes (OR=1.461, 95%CI 1.285-1.661, P<0.01) were independent risk factors for LDL-C abnormality. Diabetes (OR=1.261, 95%CI 1.180-1.346, P<0.01) and hypertension-diabetes (OR=1.195, 95%CI 1.126-1.268, P<0.01) were independent risk factors for HDL-C abnormality.@*Conclusion@#The prevalence of dyslipidemia in patients with hypertension and diabetes is high in Henan province, so adequate blood lipid education and control should be applied to people with risk factors as soon as possible.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774035

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical efficacy of haploid hematopoietic stem cells (haplo-HSC) combined with third-party umbilical cord blood (tpCB) transplantation in the treatment of X-linked chronic granulomatous disease (X-CGD).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 26 boys with X-CGD were retrospectively analyzed who were admitted to the Sixth Medical Center of PLA General Hospital between April 2014 and March 2018. All the patients were treated with haplo-HSC combined with tpCB transplantation. The median age of the patients was 3.5 years. The donor was the father in 25 cases and an aunt in 1 case. Transplantation was 5/6 HLA-matched in 9 cases, 4/6 in 12 cases, and 3/6 in 5 cases. The patients received busulfan, cyclophosphamide, fludarabine, or anti-thymocyte globulin for myeloablative preconditioning. Cyclosporine A and mycophenolate mofetil were used for prevention of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD). Then the patients were treated with haploid bone marrow hematopoietic stem cells combined with tpCB transplantation on day 1 and haploid peripheral hematopoietic stem cells on day 2. The counts of median donor total nucleated cells, CD34 cells, and CD3 cells were 14.6×10/kg, 5.86×10/kg, and 2.13×10/kg respectively.@*RESULTS@#The median time to neutrophil and platelet engraftment was 12 and 23 days after transplantation respectively. Full donor hematopoietic chimerism was observed on day 30. Twenty-five cases were from haplo-HSC and 1 was from cord blood. No primary implant failure and implant dysfunction occurred, and secondary implant failure occurred in one case. The NADPH oxidase activity returned to normal one month after transplantation. The incidence of grade I-II aGVHD and grade III-IV aGVHD was 35% and 15% respectively. Chronic GVHD (cGVHD) of the skin occurred in one case, and no progression was observed after steroid administration. During the follow-up period of 6-51 months, 25 patients survived, of whom 24 were disease-free (23 patients without cGVHD and 1 with cGVHD of the skin) and NADPH oxidase activity returned to normal; one patient developed secondary implant failure but survived; one patient died of viral interstitial pneumonia 16 months after transplantation. The 5-year event-free survival rate and overall survival rate were 81%±12% and 89%±10% respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Haplo-HSC combined with tpCB transplantation is one of the effective methods for the treatment of X-CGD in children.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Cord Blood Stem Cell Transplantation , Graft vs Host Disease , Granulomatous Disease, Chronic , Haploidy , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Conditioning
10.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 163-173, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742522

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to explore how miR-206 represses osteosarcoma (OS) development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Expression levels of miR-206, PAX3, and MET mRNA were explored in paired OS and adjacent tissue specimens. A patient-derived OS cell line was established. miR-206 overexpression and knockdown were achieved by lentiviral transduction. PAX3 and MET overexpression were achieved by plasmid transfection. Treatment with hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) was utilized to activate c-Met receptor. Associations between miR-206 and PAX3 or MET mRNA in OS cells were verified by AGO2-RNA immunoprecipitation assay and miRNA pulldown assay. OS cell malignancy was evaluated in vitro by cell proliferation, metastasis, and apoptosis assays. PAX3 and MET gene expression in OS cells was assayed by RT-qPCR and Western blot. Activation of PI3K-AKT and MAPK-ERK in OS cells were assayed by evaluating Akt1 Ser473 phosphorylation and total threonine phosphorylation of Erk1/2, respectively. RESULTS: Expression levels of miR-206 were significantly decreased in OS tissue specimens, compared to adjacent counterparts, and were inversely correlated with expression of PAX3 and MET mRNA. miR-206 directly interacted with PAX3 and MET mRNA in OS cells. miR-206 overexpression significantly reduced PAX3 and MET gene expression in OS cells in vitro, resulting in significant decreases in Akt1 and Erk1/2 activation, cell proliferation, and metastasis, as well as increases in cell apoptosis, while miR-206 knockdown showed the opposite effects. The effects of miR-206 overexpression on OS cells were reversed by PAX3 or MET overexpression, but only partially attenuated by HGF treatment. CONCLUSION: miR-206 reduces OS cell malignancy in vitro by targeting PAX3 and MET gene expression.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Gene Expression , Hepatocyte Growth Factor , Immunoprecipitation , In Vitro Techniques , MicroRNAs , Neoplasm Metastasis , Osteosarcoma , Phosphorylation , Plasmids , RNA, Messenger , Threonine , Transfection
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 839-844, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687031

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>Hydrogen sulfide (HS), a gaseous signal molecule, plays a crucial role in many pathophysiologic processes in the cardiovascular system. Autophagy has been shown to participate in the occurrence of many cardiac diseases. Increasing evidences indicated that HS regulates myocardial structure and function in association with the altered autophagy and plays a "switcher" role in the autophagy of myocardial diseases. The aim of this review was to summarize these insights and provide the experimental evidence that HS targets cardiomyocyte autophagy to regulate cardiovascular function.</p><p><b>Data Sources</b>This review was based on data in articles published in the PubMed databases up to October 30, 2017, with the following keywords: "hydrogen sulfide," "autophagy," and "cardiovascular diseases."</p><p><b>Study Selection</b>Original articles and critical reviews on HS and autophagy were selected for this review.</p><p><b>Results</b>When autophagy plays an adaptive role in the pathogenesis of diseases, HS restores autophagy; otherwise, when autophagy plays a detrimental role, HS downregulates autophagy to exert a cardioprotective function. For example, HS has beneficial effects by regulating autophagy in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion and plays a protective role by inhibiting autophagy during the operation of cardioplegia and cardiopulmonary bypass. HS postpones cardiac aging associated with the upregulation of autophagy but improves the left ventricular function of smoking rats by lowering autophagy.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>HS exerts cardiovascular protection by regulating autophagy. Cardiovascular autophagy would likely become a potential target of HS therapy for cardiovascular diseases.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Autophagy , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cardiovascular System , Cell Biology , Humans , Hydrogen Sulfide , Therapeutic Uses , Myocytes, Cardiac , Cell Biology
13.
International Eye Science ; (12): 819-822, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695314

ABSTRACT

AIM: To discuss and evaluate how different types of strabismus impact on the recovery of distance and near stereoacuity after strabismus surgery. METHODS:We selected 72 cases of strabismus who were treated in our hospital. They were divided into four groups: Group 1 as constant non - accommodative esotropia;Group 2 as intermittent exotropia; Group 3 as constant exotropia; Group 4 as exotropia V sign with inferior oblique hyperfunction. The distance stereoacuity were examined by synoptophore and the near stereoacuity was examined by Shaoming Yan's stereogram. Above examination data was collected and recorded before surgery,7d,1,3,and 6mo after surgery. RESULTS: The 72 patients' distance and near stereoacuity were significantly improved after their surgery, compared with their previous binocular vision. The improvement showed statistical significant(P<0.05). The recovery of Group 2's distance and near stereoacuity had been proved superior to that of Group 1, Group 3, and Group 4. The changes in the distance and near stereoacuity of Group 2 were statistically significant (P<0 05). There were no statistically significant changes in the distance and near stereoacuity of Group 1, Group 3, and Group 4 after the surgeries(P>0.05). The damage of distance stereoacuity (0 cases) was more severe than the damage of near stereoacuity (19 cases, 26%). After the surgeries, near stereoacuity's (51 cases, 71%) recovery was significantly superior to the distance stereoacuity's recovery(17 cases,24%). At 1mo after the surgeries,the improvement of distance and near stereoacuity was most obvious. CONCLUSION:Postoperative recovery of distance and near stereoacuity varies as per strabismus type. Intermittent exotropia's patients show the best recovery of distance and near stereoacuity after the surgeries. The clinical results on the recovery of distance and near stereoacuity after surgery for constant non -accommodative esotropia, constant exotropia and exotropia V sign with inferior oblique hyperfunction are consistent. As the distance stereoacuity of the patients with strabismus has more severe damage,the recovery of near stereoacuity is superior to that of distance stereoacuity.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693687

ABSTRACT

According to the clinical features of "pharyngeal itch and cough",wind evil is the main pathogenic factor.This paper systematically summarizes the relevant clinical literature on the treatment of laryngeal cough from the perspective of external wind,internal wind and both internal and external wind.The treatment method and curative effect can provide evidence from the wind treatment.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923644

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To develop a non-contact identification method for gait asymmetry in Parkinson's disease based on depth image to assist medical diagnosis and assessment, to avoid the cost, impact on normal life, and complex process of high wear-out sensing equipment. Methods From July to August, 2016, eight patients with Parkinson's disease and ten healthy subjects were collected the gait parameters of walking six meters with Kinect V2.0. The parameters of left and right foot were filtered and clustered. Then similarity matrix algorithm was used to find the difference between healthy subject and patient similarity values. Finally, the recognition effect of this method was verified by Hidden Markov Model. Results The similarity of clustering sequences of left and right foot parameters was less in the patients than in the healthy individuals. There were twelve of 14 data identified in patients, and 35 of 46 in the healthy. Conclusion A non-contact identification method for the asymmetry of gait has been developed based on the parameter clustering results of left and right foot, which is some effective on identifying Parkinson's patients.

16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1772-1779, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774387

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the maintaining measures for the vitality of hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) in vitro, so as provide technical support for ultra long distance transport of HSC collected from unrelated donors.@*METHODS@#Peripheral blood hematopoietic stem cells (PBHSC) were treated by different methods according to various groups, then stored at 4 ℃ in the refrigerator. The percentage of CD34 cells, relative cell activity, relative cell proliferation rate, relative colony-forming rate, oxygen fraction and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) were detected at 0, 24, 48 and 72 h after storage of PBHSC respectively.@*RESULTS@#The percentage of CD34 cells during 72 h storage did not altered. Along with the prolonging of storage time, the relative cell activity, relative cell proliferation rate and relative colony-forming rate gradually decreased in untreated PBHSC(control group), the related coefficients were -0.796, -0.883 and -0.815 respectively. Plasma dilution, antioxidants and oxygenation could improve the relative cell activity and relative cell proliferation rate, but oxygenation could decrease the relative colony-forming rate of PBHSC. The combination of 2 or 3 factors showed stronger protection effects on PBHSC. The intracellular level of ROS decreased gradually with the prolonging of storage time. Oxygenation of PBHSC could increase oxygen fraction, and also increase the intracellular level of ROS at the same time. The addition of antioxidants could reduce the level of ROS.@*CONCLUSION@#The percentage of CD34 cells can not serve as the indicator of PBHSC vitality. Plasma dilution, oxygenation and antioxidants can increase the survival and viability of PBHSC, but oxygenation can increase the intracellular ROS level and impair colony-forming ability of PBHSC. The combination of multiple factors can maintain the vitality of PBHSC better.


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD34 , Antioxidants , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Reactive Oxygen Species
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825803

ABSTRACT

Objective:To conduct in-depth study of the distribution and diversity of viruses in poultry is of great importance in monitoring the emergence of interspecies transmission of novel viruses that may cause epidemics with public health significance. Poultry is an economically important source of meat, eggs and feathers which plays an important role as natural reservoirs of many pathogenic viruses. Compared with wild animals, poultry have more frequent interactions and therefore opportunities to transmit their viruses to human.Methods:To study the viromes of different types of poultry in Hainan, China, we used metagenomics for deep viral nucleic acid sequencing of the faecal samples collected from chickens, ducks and pigeons from a live poultry market in Haikou.Result:The poultry viromes were identified by sequence similarity comparisons of viral reads (BLASTxE score, <5) against viral reference database. A total of 15 309 viral reads were obtained, approximately 13 063, 1 370 and 876 viral reads were generated from the chicken, duck, pigeon faecal samples, respectively. The majority of the sequences were homologous to the animal virus of Adenoviridae, Herpeaviridae, Picobirnaviridae, Reoviridae, Retroviridae, Circoviridae, Paramyxoviridae, Astroviridae, Caliciviridae, Coronaviridae, Picornaviridae, and Orthomyxoviridae. The VP4 and VP7 segments of a pigeon rotavirus, similar to fox rotavirus in group A, were sequenced and phylogenetically analyzed. The near full genome of a pigeon circovirus was also analyzed.Conclusion:The major types of poultry in a Haikou harbor many different families of viruses in their feces which may have the potential for interspecies transmissions. Further studies should be conducted to identify the most prevalent and important viruses among a larger number of poultry in Haikou and other areas in Hainan.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-825792

ABSTRACT

Objective:Torque teno virus(TTV), are reported in a wide range of mammals. In this study, we sequenced and analyzed the complete genome of a genetic variant of Rodent TTV, RoTTV3-HMU1 (Hainan Medical University). The virus was harbored by a Rattus norvegicus in the residential areas of Hainan Island, China.Methods:Torque Teno virus (TTV) was found widely distributed throughout the world infecting an extensively wide range of mammals .We extracted the viral DNA from a Rattus norvegicus liver which was caught from the residential areas of Hainan Island. Purifying the amplicons in the range of 250-500 bp. Then Five hundred nanograms DNA was subjected to high-throughput sequencing. The contigs were compared with the NCBI nucleiotide database, designed the primers to cover the genome by PCR amplification and amplicons of each PCR which have been cloned and sequenced. Finally the genome was annotated by using NCBI ORF finder and FGENESV0. Phylogenetic analysis was implemented by the neighbor-joining method in the MEGA6 software package.Results:We sequenced the complete genome of a genetic variant of Rodent TTV, RoTTV3- HMU1. The genomic sequence of RoTTV3-HMU1 has been deposited in GenBank under accession number MF688246.1. The complete genome of RoTTV3-HMU1 is 2 570 nucleotides (nt) in length with a G+C content of 46.93%. RoTTV3-HMU1 encoded 3 unidirectional overlapping open reading frames (ORF). Sequence analysis indicated that the genome of RoTTV3-HMU1 virus was most closely related to RN_2_15 (GenBank accession no. KM668486.1). Phylogenetic analysis based on both ORF1 and the total genome sequence placed RoTTV3-HMU1 in to the clad RoTTV3 of the RoTTV.Conclusions:Hainan Island faces mainland across the sea, however, the same genotype of RoTTV was identified in both Hainan Island and the other part of China. The detection of RoTTV3-HMU1 contributed to a better understanding about the origin and evolution of RoTTV.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666782

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the application of Geographic Information System(GIS)electronic fence technique in Onco-melania hupensis snail monitoring. Methods The electronic fence was set around the history and existing snail environments in the electronic map,the information about snail monitoring and controlling was linked to the electronic fence,and the snail moni-toring information system was established on these bases. The monitoring information was input through the computer and smart phone. Results The electronic fence around the history and existing snail environments was set in the electronic map(Baidu map),and the snail monitoring information system and smart phone APP were established. The monitoring information was input and upload real-time,and the snail monitoring information was demonstrated in real time on Baidu map. Conclusion By using the electronic fence technology based on GIS,the unique"environment electronic archives"for each snail monitoring environ-ment can be established in the electronic map,and real-time,dynamic monitoring and visual management can be realized.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665498

ABSTRACT

Objective To construct the Oncomelania hupensis snail monitoring system based on the Baidu Map. Methods The environmental basic information about historical snail environment and existing snail environment,etc. was collected with the monitoring data about different kinds of O. hupensis snails,and then the O. hupensis snail monitoring system was built. Geo-graphic Information System(GIS)and the electronic fence technology and Application Program Interface(API)were applied to set up the electronic fence of the snail surveillance environments,and the electronic fence was connected to the database of the snail surveillance. Results The O. hupensis snail monitoring system based on the Baidu Map were built up,including three modules of O. hupensis Snail Monitoring Environmental Database,Dynamic Monitoring Platform and Electronic Map. The infor-mation about monitoring O. hupensis snails could be obtained through the computer and smartphone simultaneously. Conclu-sion The O. hupensis snail monitoring system,which is based on Baidu Map,is a visible platform to follow the process of snail-searching and molluscaciding.

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