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1.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 139-144, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970835

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect the treatment of arthroscopy-assisted calcaneal spur resection combined with plantar fascia release and calcaneal decompression in the treatment of the patients with intractable calcaneal pain.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 50 patients with intractable heel pain from January 2016 to January 2019 were retrospectively analyzed, including 20 males and 30 females;aged from 40 to 68 years old with an average of (50.12±7.35)years old, the medical history ranged from 1 to 4 years. All patients underwent arthroscopy-assisted calcaneal spur resection combined with plantar fascia release and calcaneal decompression, and were followed up, the duration ranged from 24 to 60 months with an average of(42.00±3.28) months. All patients had obvious heel pain before surgery, and X-ray examinations often showed the presence of calcaneal spurs. In addition to the routine foot examination, the changes in the height and angle of the arch of the foot were also measured pre and post-operatively by X-ray, for the evaluation of clinical effect. The VAS system was used to evaluate the degree of foot pain;the AOFAS scoring system was used to comprehensively evaluate the foot pain, voluntary movement, gait and stability.@*RESULTS@#The VAS decreased from (8.75±1.24) before surgery to (5.15±2.35) at 3 months after surgery, (4.07±2.53) at 6 months after surgery, and (3.95±2.44) at the last fllow-up(P<0.05). The AOFAS score increased from (53.46±4.17) before surgery to(92.46±2.53) at 3 months after surgery, (96.33±2.46) at 6 months after surgery, and (97.05±2.37) at the last follow-up(P<0.05). The arch height was (41.54±1.15) mm before operation and (41.49±1.09) mm after the operation, the difference was not statistically significant(P>0.05). The internal arch angle of the foot arch was (121±6)° before operation and (122±7)° after operation. The difference was not statistically significant(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopy-assisted calcaneal bone spurs resection combined with plantar fascia release and calcaneal decompression exhibited great clinical effect for treating intractable heel.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Heel/surgery , Heel Spur/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Calcaneus/surgery , Foot Diseases , Pain , Endoscopes , Treatment Outcome
2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 892-896, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969592

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic chronic auto-inflammatory disease, characterized by infiltration of inflammatory cells, pannus formation, articular cartilage destruction, and bone matrix destruction. Therefore, improving articular cartilage destruction has an important impact on the treatment of RA. Chinese medicine has a good application effect in improving cartilage destruction of RA due to its characteristics of multiple components, multiple targets, high activity and low side effects. Based on this, the author reviewed relevant literature to summarize the relevant research and mechanism of Chinese medicine and its active components in improving RA cartilage destruction. The results showed that Chinese medicine and its active components can improve RA cartilage destruction by regulating inflammatory factors, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B, Wnt/β- catenin, nuclear factor-κB, mitogen-activated protein kinase, Janus kinase 2/signal transduction and activator of transcription 3/ vascular endothelial growth factor, microRNAs, fibroblastic synovial cells.

3.
The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology ; : 143-155, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969197

ABSTRACT

Percutaneous coronary intervention and acute coronary syndrome are both closely tied to the frequently occurring complication of coronary microembolization (CME). Resveratrol (RES) has been shown to have a substantial cardioprotective influence in a variety of cardiac diseases, though its function and potential mechanistic involvement in CME are still unclear. The forty Sprague–Dawley rats were divided into four groups randomly: CME, CME + RES (25 mg/kg), CME + RES (50 mg/kg), and sham (10 rats per group). The CME model was developed. Echocardiography, levels of myocardial injury markers in the serum, and histopathology of the myocardium were used to assess the function of the cardiac muscle. For the detection of the signaling of TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB along with the expression of pyroptosisrelated molecules, ELISA, qRT-PCR, immunofluorescence, and Western blotting were used, among other techniques. The findings revealed that myocardial injury and pyroptosis occurred in the myocardium following CME, with a decreased function of cardiac, increased levels of serum myocardial injury markers, increased area of microinfarct, as well as a rise in the expression levels of pyroptosis-related molecules. In addition to this, pretreatment with resveratrol reduced the severity of myocardial injury after CME by improving cardiac dysfunction, decreasing serum myocardial injury markers, decreasing microinfarct area, and decreasing cardiomyocyte pyroptosis, primarily by blocking the signaling of TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB and also reducing the NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Resveratrol may be able to alleviate CME-induced myocardial pyroptosis and cardiac dysfunction by impeding the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome and the signaling pathway of TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB.

4.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 440-452, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971564

ABSTRACT

Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) are a class of functional RNAs that play critical roles in different diseases. NcRNAs include microRNAs, long ncRNAs, and circular RNAs. They are highly expressed in the brain and are involved in the regulation of physiological and pathophysiological processes of central nervous system (CNS) diseases. Mounting evidence indicates that ncRNAs play key roles in CNS diseases. Further elucidating the mechanisms of ncRNA underlying the process of regulating glial function that may lead to the identification of novel therapeutic targets for CNS diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , RNA, Untranslated/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , RNA, Circular , Central Nervous System Diseases/genetics
5.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 347-351, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996087

ABSTRACT

In order to assist in the standardization and maturity evaluation of national hospital information interconnection, and further standardize the application and management of hospital medical record data, a hospital carried out the practice of design of structured medical records and the corresponding quality management from April 2021. Based on the six sigma quality management method, the hospital had developed universal templates for electronic medical records and a list of candidate electronic medical record templates. The problems faced by medical record data had been analyzed, and improvement strategies had been proposed from three levels: template design, software functionality and management services. The clinical departments were guided to design and develop various structured electronic medical record templates for specialties and specialized diseases, and established a medical record template design and quality management method. The hospital had ultimately designed a total of 614 structured electronic medical record templates that met the actual needs of the hospital. This practice enhanced the scalability of structured templates and quality of the data, and achieved localization and specialization of medical record templates while meeting the requirements of information interconnection and sharing, providing reference for promoting the interconnection and sharing of electronic medical records of hospitals in China.

6.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1643-1656, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978834

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the differences in the influencing factors for acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) and infectious pancreatic necrosis (IPN) between Eastern and Western countries, and to provide a theoretical basis for the prediction and prevention of ANP. Methods Databases including PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and Web of Science were searched for articles on the influencing factors for ANP and IPN published up to January 21, 2021, and a Meta-analysis was performed. Results A total of 59 studies were included, with 22 studies from Eastern countries and 37 studies from Western countries.The Meta-analysis showed that in Eastern countries, male sex (odds ratio[ OR ]=1.51, 95% confidence interval[ CI ]: 1.18-1.91, P < 0.01), C-reactive protein (CRP)(standardized mean difference[ SMD ]=1.39, 95% CI : 1.06-1.71, P < 0.01), D-dimer ( SMD =0.44, 95% CI : 0.07-0.81, P =0.02), Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE-Ⅱ) score (mean difference[ MD ]=3.51, 95% CI : 1.38-5.64, P < 0.01), alcoholic etiology ( OR =3.57, 95% CI : 2.68-4.75, P < 0.01), and biliary etiology ( OR =0.60, 95% CI : 0.46-0.77, P < 0.01) were the influencing factors for ANP, and in Western countries, male sex ( OR =1.63, 95% CI : 1.30-2.05, P < 0.01), CRP ( SMD =2.09, 95% CI : 1.12-3.05, P < 0.01), APACHE-Ⅱ score ( MD =4.28, 95% CI : 2.73-5.83, P < 0.01), Ranson score ( MD =2.99, 95% CI : 2.50-3.47, P < 0.01), and organ failure ( OR =10.87, 95% CI : 2.62-45.04, P < 0.01) were the influencing factors for ANP.In Eastern countries, age ( MD =2.16, 95% CI : 0.43-3.89, P =0.01), body mass index (BMI)( MD =1.74, 95% CI : 1.23-2.25, P < 0.01), albumin level ( SMD =-0.43, 95% CI : -0.75 to-0.12, P < 0.01), CRP ( SMD =0.58, 95% CI : 0.04-1.11, P =0.03), procalcitonin ( SMD =0.80, 95% CI : 0.56-1.04, P < 0.01), D-dimer ( MD =0.23, 95% CI : 0.15-0.31, P < 0.01), APACHE-Ⅱ score ( MD =2.47, 95% CI : 0.73-4.22, P < 0.01), Ranson score ( MD =1.60, 95% CI : 1.46-1.73, P < 0.01), and extent of necrosis ≥30%( OR =2.52, 95% CI : 1.26-5.06, P < 0.01) were the influencing factors for IPN, while in Western countries, age ( MD =4.07, 95% CI : 1.82-6.31, P < 0.01), APACHE-Ⅱ score ( MD =3.28, 95% CI : 1.39-5.17, P < 0.01), Ranson score ( MD =2.18, 95% CI : 1.75-2.62, P < 0.01), SIRS score ( OR =3.88, 95% CI : 1.58-9.51, P < 0.01), alcoholic etiology ( OR =0.61, 95% CI : 0.42-0.87, P < 0.01), and organ failure ( OR =3.63, 95% CI : 1.11-11.92, P =0.03) were the influencing factors for IPN. Conclusion Current evidence shows that biliary etiology and alcoholic etiology are unique influencing factors for ANP in the Eastern population, while Ranson score is a unique influencing factor in the Western population.BMI and extent of necrosis ≥30% are unique influencing factors for IPN in the Eastern population, while alcoholic etiology is a unique influencing factor in the Western population.

7.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 403-415, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973236

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the induction effect of Fusobacterium nucleatum (Fn) on endoplasmic reticulum stress-related proteins Glucose-regulating protein 78(GRP78) and X-box binding protein 1(XBP1) in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), and to explore its potential mechanism and clinical significance. MethodsESCC cells KYSE150 and KYSE140 were infected with Fn for 12 h, 24 h and 48 h. The oxidative stress indexes (ROS, MDA and SOD) and the expression of GRP78 and XBP1 in each group were detected by oxidative stress index kit and Western blot. The experiment was divided into Fn groups, Fn+siNC1 groups, Fn+siGRP78 groups, Fn+siNC2 groups and Fn+siXBP1 groups; the oxidative stress indexes, paclitaxel (PTX) response efficacy, abilities of proliferation, invasion and metastasis in each group were compared. The infection of Fn and the expression of GRP78 and XBP1 in 234 ESCC and paracancerous tissues were detected by RNA scope and immunohistochemistry. The correlation between each factor and clinicopathological characteristics of patients was analyzed by Chi-square test. The influence of each factor on the survival of patients was compared by Kaplan-meier survival estimate. ResultsCompared with Fn uninfected KYSE150 and KYSE140 cells, the content of ROS and MDA was gradually increased, the activity of SOD was gradually decreased, and the expression of GRP78 and XBP1 was gradually increased in Fn infected groups (12 h, 24 h and 48 h) (P < 0.05). Compared with Fn groups, Fn+siNC1 groups, and Fn+siNC2 groups, ROS and MDA contents were decreased, SOD activity was increased, PTX response efficacy was enhanced, and abilities of proliferation, invasion and metastasis were decreased in Fn+siGRP78 and Fn+siXBP1 groups (P < 0.05). The rates of Fn, GRP78 and XBP1 in ESCC tissues were 43.16%, 69.66% and 60.68%, respectively. And the three indexes were significantly consistent (P < 0.05). The patients with positive Fn infection and high expression of GRP78 and XBP1 were mostly males with a history of smoking and drinking, and the tumor differentiation degree was low, the invasion degree was deep, the lymph node metastasis rate was high, and the clinical stage was mostly stage Ⅲ/Ⅳ. The 5-year survival time of patients with above positive indexes was shortened (P < 0.05). ConclusionsFn could induce endoplasmic reticulum stress by inducing the high expression of GRP78 and XBP1, and promote the malignant evolution of ESCC.

8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 159-166, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940399

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the effect of flower removal on the content of three alkaloids in different parts of Fritillaria thunbergii from different regions and at different growth stages. MethodThe content of peiminine, peimine, and peimisine in the bulb, root, stem, and leaf of F. thunbergii after flower removal and with flower un-removed at different growth stages and in different regions were determined simultaneously by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-evaporative light scattering detection (UPLC-ELSD) method. The UPLC was conducted on ACQUITY UPLC BEH C18 column (2.1 mm × 150 mm, 1.7 μm) with the mobile phase of 0.02% triethylamine aqueous solution (A) and methanol (B)elution gradient(0-2 min, 45%A; 2-5 min, 45%-25%A; 5-7 min, 25%A; 7-17 min, 25%-10%A; 17-20 min, 10%A), flow velocity of 0.20 mL·min-1, column temperature 35 °C, sample room temperature of 20 °C, and injection volume of 3 µL. The ELSD was carried out at drift tube temperature 45 °C and with the sprayer parameter of 40%. ResultThe flower removal significantly increased the yield of F. thunbergii. At the budding stage, the alkaloid content in the bulb of F. thunbergii from Ningbo in Zhejiang, Pan'an in Zhejiang, and Nantong in Jiangsu after flower removal were significantly higher than that of flowering un-removal treatment, while it showed no significant difference between the flower removal and un-removal treatments for the samples from Fengjie in Chongqing. At the flowering stage, the alkaloid content in the bulb of F. thunbergii from Nantong in Jiangsu after flower removal was significantly higher than that of flower un-removal treatment, while it showed an opposite trend for the samples from Pan'an in Zhejiang and Fengjie in Chongqing and had no significant difference between the two treatments for the samples from Ningbo in Zhejiang. At the bulb expansion stage, the alkaloid content in the bulb of F. thunbergii from Ningbo in Zhejiang and Pan’an in Zhejiang after flower removal were significantly higher than that of flower un-removal treatment, which was opposite for the samples from Nantong in Jiangsu and had no significant difference between the treatments for the samples from Fengjie in Chongqing. At the harvest stage, except for the samples from Pan'an in Zhejiang, the samples from the rest 3 regions showed decreased alkaloid content in the bulb after flower removal compared with that of flower un-removal treatment. The alkaloid content in the leaf was higher than that in the bulb of F. thunbergii at all growth stages and from different origins. ConclusionFlower removal can increase the yield of F. thunbergii. The alkaloid content in the bulb of F. thunbergii with flower removed was higher than that with flower un-removed at the budding stage, while this trend was reversed at the harvest stage. Both the yield and the alkaloid content of F. thunbergii from Pan'an in Zhejiang were increased by flower removal. The above-ground part of F. thunbergii has a potential development value.

9.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 338-344, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936217

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate whether the contralateral normal external auditory canal (EAC) skin graft can maintain the ear canal health after EAC reconstruction in unilateral congenital aural atresia (CAA) cases. Methods: A Zelen design randomized controlled study was used to collect unilateral CAA patients for EAC reconstruction prospectively (clinical trial registration number: ChiCTR2000032103). The patients were randomly divided into the control group and the trial group. The trial group used the contralateral normal EAC skin graft group (transplant part of the contralateral normal EAC skin to repair the atresia side for unilateral CAA patients), the control group all used scalp blade thick skin. We observed the EAC health and hearing results of the two groups after EAC reconstruction. Results: A total of 13 cases were enrolled from July 2020 to August 2021. There were eight patients in the trial group, including six males and two females, with an average age of 22.3 years (14-36 years). There were two patients with CAA on the left and six patients on the right. The average follow-up time was 8.8 months (4-14 months). There were five patients in the control group, all cases were male with an average age of 16.2 years (12-20 years). There were four patients with CAA on the left and one patient on the right. The average follow-up time was 7.0 months (2-14 months). In the trial group, eight cases of reconstructed EAC epithelium were healthy, one patient had cicatricial stenosis of EAC opening and lateralization of the tympanic membrane. The other patient had cicatricial stenosis of reconstructed EAC, this case also had scar hyperplasia of the contralateral EAC opening but recovered after soft packing and triamcinolone acetonide injection treatment. The healthy side EAC of the rest trial group had no scarring stenosis or local bone hyperplasia during long-term follow-up. In the control group, one patient was lost to follow-up and the other four patients had dry ears of reconstructed EAC, but easily to form crusts and needed to be cleaned repeatedly, one patient had lateralization of the tympanic membrane, the EAC epithelium was not healthy for long-term follow-up. The incidence of complications related to EAC reconstruction was lower than previous studies (χ²=5.55, P=0.018), and the average postoperative Air-Bone Gap increased (18.8±10.0)dB. Conclusion: By optimizing the EAC reconstruction technology, the health of the reconstructed EAC is improved compared with the previous study. After active intervention and treatment, there should be no scarring stenosis or local bone hyperplasia on the contralateral side EAC.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Ear/surgery , Ear Canal/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Skin Transplantation , Tympanoplasty
10.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 412-420, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936097

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare clinical efficacy between laparoscopic radical proximal gastrectomy with double-tract reconstruction (LPG-DTR) and laparoscopic radical total gastrectomy with Roux-en-Y reconstruction (LTG-RY) in patients with early upper gastric cancer, and to provide a reference for the selection of surgical methods in early upper gastric cancer. Methods: A retrospective cohort study method was carried out. Clinical data of 80 patients with early upper gastric cancer who underwent LPG-DTR or LTG-RY by the same surgical team at the Department of General Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2018 to January 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into the DTR group (32 cases) and R-Y group (48 cases) according to surgical procedures and digestive tract reconstruction methods. Surgical and pathological characteristics, postoperative complications (short-term complications within 30 days after surgery and long-term complications after postoperative 30 days), survival time and nutritinal status were compared between the two groups. For nutritional status, reduction rate was used to represent the changes in total protein, albumin, total cholesterol, body mass, hemoglobin and vitamin B12 levels at postoperative 1-year and 2-year. Non-normally distributed continuous data were presented as median (interquartile range), and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison between groups. The χ(2) test or Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of data between groups. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the ranked data between groups. The survival rate was calculated by Kaplan-Meier method categorical, and compared by using the log-rank test. Results: There were no statistically significant differences in baseline data betweeen the two groups, except that patients in the R-Y group were oldere and had larger tumor. Patients of both groups successfully completed the operation without conversion to laparotomy, combined organ resection, or perioperative death. There were no significant differences in the distance from proximal resection margin to superior margin of tumor, postoperative hospital stay, time to flatus and food-taking, hospitalization cost, short- and long-term complications between the two groups (all P>0.05). Compared with the R-Y group, the DTR group had shorter distal margins [(3.2±0.5) cm vs. (11.7±2.0) cm, t=-23.033, P<0.001], longer surgery time [232.5 (63.7) minutes vs. 185.0 (63.0) minutes, Z=-3.238, P=0.001], longer anastomosis time [62.5 (17.5) minutes vs. 40.0 (10.0) minutes, Z=-6.321, P<0.001], less intraoperative blood loss [(138.1±51.6) ml vs. (184.3±62.1) ml, t=-3.477, P=0.001], with significant differences (all P<0.05). The median follow-up of the whole group was 18 months, and the 2-year cancer-specific survival rate was 97.5%, with 100% in the DTR group and 95.8% in the R-Y group (P=0.373). Compared with R-Y group at postoperative 1 year, the reduction rate of weight, hemoglobin and vitamin B12 were lower in DTR group with significant differences (all P<0.05); at postoperative 2-year, the reduction rate of vitamin B12 was still lower with significant differences (P<0.001), but the reduction rates of total protein, albumin, total cholesterol, body weight and hemoglobin were similar between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions: LPG-DTR is safe and feasible in the treatment of early upper gastric cancer. The short-term postoperative nutritional status and long-term vitamin B12 levels of patients undergoing LPG-DTR are superior to those undergoing LTG-RY.


Subject(s)
Humans , Albumins , Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y/adverse effects , Cholesterol , Gastrectomy/methods , Hemoglobins , Laparoscopy/methods , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Treatment Outcome , Vitamin B 12
11.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 800-806, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957071

ABSTRACT

Total hip arthroplasty (THA) has been one of the most successful orthopaedic surgery in the last 50 years, with an excellent survival rate of more than 20 years. However, hip instability, impingement, dislocation, and liner wear remain common causes of THA failure and revision after THA. To minimize the risk of postoperative complications, abnormal spine-pelvic-hip mobility and its impact on THA outcomes have received increasing attention. According to the concept, the patient's pelvic mobility should be fully considered when making preoperative plans for THA. Individualized anteversion and inclination angles should be set according to the patient's sagittal balance and pelvic mobility to reduce the incidence of postoperative adverse events and prolong the life of the prosthesis. In the literature, recent studies have shown that patient aging, postural changes in daily life, high body mass index (BMI), and different surgical approaches and positions can impact spinopelvic mobility. Because changes in pelvic mobility translate into changes in acetabular orientation, excessive intraoperative or postoperative changes in pelvic mobility may result in poor intraoperative prosthesis orientation, postoperative impingement, dislocation, and accelerated liner wear, ultimately shortening the life of the prosthesis. Therefore, it is vital to evaluate and measure spinopelvic mobility preoperatively, investigate the factors that influence intraoperative pelvic mobility changes and the use of assisted positioning devices for accurate cup placement, and observe postoperative changes in pelvic mobility and the resulting adverse outcomes. This review takes the current literature on the spine-pelvic-hip interrelationship as a starting point and presents studies on the factors influencing spinopelvic mobility and the strategies for perioperative management of THA.

12.
The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology ; : 147-157, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896251

ABSTRACT

Coronary microembolization (CME) is associated with cardiomyocyte apoptosis and cardiac dysfunction. Puerarin confers protection against multiple cardiovascular diseases, but its effects and specific mechanisms on CME are not fully known. Hence, our study investigated whether puerarin pretreatment could alleviate cardiomyocyte apoptosis and improve cardiac function following CME. The molecular mechanism associated was also explored. A total of 48 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into CME, CME + Puerarin (CME + Pue), sham, and sham + Puerarin (sham + Pue) groups (with 12 rats per group). A CME model was established in CME and CME + Pue groups by injecting 42 μm microspheres into the left ventricle of rats. Rats in the CME + Pue and sham + Pue groups were intraperitoneally injected with puerarin at 120 mg/kg daily for 7 days before operation. Cardiac function, myocardial histopathology, and cardiomyocyte apoptosis index were determined via cardiac ultrasound, hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) and hematoxylin-basic fuchsin-picric acid (HBFP) stainings, and TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) staining, respectively. Western blotting was used to measure protein expression related to the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt)/glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) pathway. We found that, puerarin significantly ameliorated cardiac dysfunction after CME, attenuated myocardial infarct size, and reduced myocardial apoptotic index. Besides, puerarin inhibited cardiomyocyte apoptosis, as revealed by decreased Bax and cleaved caspase-3, and up-regulated Bcl-2 and PI3K/Akt/GSK-3β pathway related proteins. Collectively, puerarin can inhibit cardiomyocyte apoptosis and thus attenuate myocardial injury caused by CME. Mechanistically, these effects may be achieved through activation of the PI3K/Akt/GSK-3β pathway.

13.
The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology ; : 147-157, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903955

ABSTRACT

Coronary microembolization (CME) is associated with cardiomyocyte apoptosis and cardiac dysfunction. Puerarin confers protection against multiple cardiovascular diseases, but its effects and specific mechanisms on CME are not fully known. Hence, our study investigated whether puerarin pretreatment could alleviate cardiomyocyte apoptosis and improve cardiac function following CME. The molecular mechanism associated was also explored. A total of 48 Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into CME, CME + Puerarin (CME + Pue), sham, and sham + Puerarin (sham + Pue) groups (with 12 rats per group). A CME model was established in CME and CME + Pue groups by injecting 42 μm microspheres into the left ventricle of rats. Rats in the CME + Pue and sham + Pue groups were intraperitoneally injected with puerarin at 120 mg/kg daily for 7 days before operation. Cardiac function, myocardial histopathology, and cardiomyocyte apoptosis index were determined via cardiac ultrasound, hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) and hematoxylin-basic fuchsin-picric acid (HBFP) stainings, and TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) staining, respectively. Western blotting was used to measure protein expression related to the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt)/glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK-3β) pathway. We found that, puerarin significantly ameliorated cardiac dysfunction after CME, attenuated myocardial infarct size, and reduced myocardial apoptotic index. Besides, puerarin inhibited cardiomyocyte apoptosis, as revealed by decreased Bax and cleaved caspase-3, and up-regulated Bcl-2 and PI3K/Akt/GSK-3β pathway related proteins. Collectively, puerarin can inhibit cardiomyocyte apoptosis and thus attenuate myocardial injury caused by CME. Mechanistically, these effects may be achieved through activation of the PI3K/Akt/GSK-3β pathway.

14.
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 762-763, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909594

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Cerebral ischemia or ischemic stroke is due to insufficient blood supply to the brain, which causes hypoxia or ischemia in some areas. This work aimed to quantify the minerals and heavy metals in Qishiwei Zhenzhu pill in vivo and in vitro, analyze its effect on the types and abundance of intestinal flora, and study its mechanism on inflammation and apoptosis pathways as a treatment for cerebral ischemia. METHODS Microwave digestion and induc?tively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) were used to determine the minerals and heavy metals in 10 batches of Qishiwei Zhenzhu pill in vitro. With the use of the middle cerebral artery obstruction (MCAO) model, ICP-MS was applied to determine the content of minerals and heavy metals in hepatic portal vein blood, abdominal aortic blood, brain, liver, kidney, hair, urine and feces at different time periods. On this model, the ileum, cecum, and colon tissues were tested for intestinal pathology, and 16S rRNA was used for sequencing. Species taxonomy, α diversity, and spe?cies microbial composition and structure analysis were also performed. Polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting were employed to determine the mRNA and protein expression of p38 MAPK, caspase-3, IL-1β and TNF-α in the isch?emic brain tissues of rats. RESULTS The average content of heavy metals in the 10 batches of Qishiwei Zhenzhu pill samples is in the descending order Hg>Cu>Pb. Significant differences in the metal elements are found among Qishiwei Zhenzhu pill from different manufacturers but not among the different batches of the same manufacturer. An extremely low content of heavy metals are absorbed into the blood or accumulated in the brain, liver, kidney, and other tissues. Stool is the main excretion route of minerals and heavy metals from Qishiwei Zhenzhu pill. This medicine helps repair the intestinal mucosa in MCAO rats. At the phylum level, it can regulate the abundance of Firmicutes and Proteobacteria in the intestinal flora of rats with cerebral ischemia. At the genus level, it can adjust the abundance of Escherichia Shigella. At the species level, it can adjust the abundance of Lactobacillus yoelii and Lactobacillus reuteri. Cluster classification results show that Qishiwei Zhenzhu pill can improve the intestinal flora of rats with cerebral ischemia, reduce the mRNA and protein expression of caspase-3 and IL-1βin rat brain tissues, and have a tendency to decrease the mRNA expres?sion of p38 MAPK and TNF-α. CONCLUSION Quantifying the minerals and heavy metals in Qishiwei Zhenzhu pill in vivo and in vitro will help improve their quality standards. Minerals and heavy metals are mainly excreted in feces, accumu?late in extremely low levels in various tissues, and do not damage the intestinal mucosa. The effective material basis of Qishiwei Zhenzhu pill in treating cerebral ischemia may be related to their Li, Cr, and Cd elements. These pills can improve the environment of intestinal flora, and their mechanism of treatment for cerebral ischemia may be related to the down-regulation of IL-1βinflammatory factor and inhibition of cell apoptosis.

15.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1051-1057, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907747

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of levosimendan on coronary microembolization (CME)-induced myocardial injury and LOX-1/p38MAPK pathway.Methods:Microspheres were injected into coronary anterior descending branch to construct swine CME model, swine was given levosimendan by continuous intravenous drip for 24 h before modeling, and myocardial-specific overexpression of lectin-like oxidized low density lipoprotein receptor 1 (LOX-1) was achieved through coronary artery injection of adeno-associated virus (AAVs) at 2 weeks before modeling. Then, echocardiography was used to measure cardiac function; HE staining and HBFP staining were used to observe the pathological changes of myocardium and myocardial microinfarction area, respectively; ELISA was used to detect the serum level of cTnI; TUNLE staining was used to detect cardiomyocyte apoptotic index; the LOX-1, Bax, caspase-3 p12, Bcl-2, and p-p38 MAPK protein in myocardial tissue was observed by immunofluorescence method.Results:Compared to the sham group, the LVEF, LVFS, and CO value in the CME group were decreased, while the LVEDd value was increased significantly (all P<0.05); the area of myocardial micro-infarction, serum cTnI level and cardiomyocyte apoptotic rate in the CME group were increased significantly (all P<0.05); the protein levels of Bax, caspase-3 p12, LOX-1, and p-p38 MAPK were increased significantly, while the Bcl-2 level was decreased significantly ( P<0.05). Levosimendan pretreatment significantly improved cardiac dysfunction, reduced the area of myocardial micro-infarction and serum cTnI level, alleviated cardiomyocyte apoptosis, and significantly reduced the LOX-1 and p-p38 MAPK protein expression levels following CME (all P<0.05); while pretreatment with levosimendan and LOX-1 overexpression AAVs simultaneously abolished the effects of pretreatment with levosimendan alone (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Levosimendan alleviates CME-induced myocardial injury through inhibiting cardiomyocyte apoptosis mediated by LOX-1/p38 MAPK signaling pathway.

16.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1854-1861, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886279

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish a meth od for the simultaneous determination of 7 active components in Mori Australis Cortex and Mori Cortex from different sources in Chongqing area ,so as to provide reference for improving the quality control standards of Mori Australis Cortex and Mori Cortex and comparing the equivalence of their quality. METHODS :HPLC method was used to determine the contents of neochlorogenic acid ,mulberroside A ,chlorogenic acid ,astragalin,kaempferol,morusin and isoquercetin in 58 batches of Mori Australis Cortex and Mori Cortex. The chromatographic column was Diamonsil C 18 with mobile phase consisted of 0.1% formic acid solution-acetonitrile (gradient elution ) at the flow rate of 1.0 mL/min. The detection wavelength was 280 nm,column temperature was 30 ℃,and the injection volume was 10 μL. Using SPSS 22.0 software, independent sample t-test,principal component analysis and cluster analysis were used to analyze the content difference of the above-mentioned 7 active components in Mori Australis Cortex and Mori Cortex. RESULTS :There was a good linear relationship between the peak area and the concentration of the above 7 active components (r≥0.999 0). The RSDs of precision ,stability(24 h),repeatability,durability and recovery were less than 3%. The average contents of neochlorogenic acid ,mulberroside A , chlorogenic acid , astragalin, kaempferol, morusin and 023-58576130。E-mail:1025473978@qq.com isoquercetin in Mori Australis Cortex were 0.304,22.462, 1.730,1.308,1.593,2.842 and 0.657 mg/g,respectively. Those of Mori Cortex were 0.305,22.995,2.486,2.438, 2.916,4.158 and 1.264 mg/g,respectively. The results of independent sample t-test showed that only the content of kaempferol in the above 7 active components of Mori Australis Cortex and Mori Cortex had significant difference (P<0.05). The results of principal component analysis and cluster analysis showed that there was no significant difference in the contents of above 7 active components between Mori Australis Cortex and Mori Cortex. CONCLUSIONS:The established HPLC method is simple ,sensitive and accurate ,which can provide a reference for improving the quality control standard of Mori Australis Cortex and Mori Cortex. Mori Australis Cortex and Mori Cortex have certain quality equivalence in main active components ,and the Mori Australis Cortex from M. australis and M. cathayana can be used as a substitute for the Mori Cortex.

17.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 251-259, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817702

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】To provide a rabbit model for dry eye using a dry environment induced by Controlled Drying System.【Methods】Twenty-four male New Zealand rabbits were used in the experiment. They were randomly divided into control group and dry group,each one with 12 rabbits. The dry group was randomly housed in Controlled Drying System(CDS)for 14 days. The relative humidity,airflow and temperature were kept at(22±4)%,3~4 m/s and(23~25)℃, respectively. The control group were fed in a normal environment where relative humidity,airflow and temperature were kept at 60%~70%,0.2 m/s and(23~25)℃. The Schirmer test,corneal fluorescein staining,conjunctival lissamine green staining were performed during the experimental process on days 0,3,7,and 14. On the last day,the rabbits were euthanized and the eye tissues were made into paraffin-cut sections. After staining,we evaluated the corneal epithelial thickness and goblet cell number in the conjunctiva using light microscopy. MUC5AC in the conjunctival epithelium was detected by immunofluorescence. The apoptosis level changes on the ocular surface were evaluated using Caspase- 3 by immunohistochemistry. 【Results】 Decreased tear production ,increased corneal fluorescein staining and increased conjunctival lissamine green staining were found on days 3,7,and 14 in the dry group compared with the control group(P < 0.001). Corneal epithelial thickness of control group and dry group were (58.0±7.2)μ m and(47.8±7.6)μ m ,which showed corneal epithelial thickness of dry group was decreased(P<0.05). Goblet cells in the conjunctiva of control group and dry group were 15 ± 4 and 10 ± 2,which showed goblet cells of dry group was decreased(P<0.01). The expression of MUC5AC(consistent with goblet cells deficiency) was also reduced. Caspase- 3 was highly expressed on the corneal epithelium in the dry group. IOD/field of control group and dry group were(17±2)% and(20±2)%(P<0.01).【Conclusions】 Dry environment can make rabbits have pathological changes of dry eye on ocular surface epithelium. This dry eye model of rabbit caused by Controlled Drying System would be an effective tool to study the pathogenesis of dry eye.

18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 96-109, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872735

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of different arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi combinations on the rhizospheric environment of Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis. Method:The different combinations of 12 arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi species were inoculated to the seedlings P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis planted in the sterilized soil under the condition of room temperature to investigate their infection abilities and effects on the root activity,soil nutrient contents,enzyme activities and microbial community structure of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis rhizospheric environment. Result:The inoculation of exogenous AM fungi can regulate the spore densities and infection rate of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis rhizosphere AM to improve the root activity, the exogenous AM fungi can also regulate the nutrient contents in the rhizosphere soil,increase the contents of total glomalin and easily extracted glomalin,increase the abilities of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis to absorb the available N,P and K,and increase the enzyme activities in the rhizosphere soil, improve the microbial community structure, and improve the rhizospheric environment of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis by increasing the bacteria/fungi and bacteria/actinomycetes quantity ratios and reducing the fungi/actinomycetes quantity ratio. Conclusion:Different AM fungal treatment groups had certain effects on the physicochemical properties and microbial community structure of the rhizosphere soil of P.polyphylla var. yunnanensis,which provided a technical basis for the cultivation of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis.

19.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 926-929, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865930

ABSTRACT

Dalian Medical University, aiming at cultivating innovative talents, has formulated and implemented a "5+3" innovative talents training reform plan. In the whole process of medical undergraduate education, tutorial system is used as the carrier to develop a phased innovative ability training system, which covers basic scientific research ability training such as courses, lectures, experimental design, papers and so on, and strengthens the cultivation of undergraduate scientific research ability. Through statistical analysis of the results of the first "5+3" students' periodic training, it is found that the proportion of "5+3" students publishing Chinese periodicals and SCI, and hosting national innovation projects and provincial innovation projects is significantly higher than that of ordinary 5-year students ( P<0.05). Although there are some problems and deficiencies in the implementation process, the basic scientific research training with tutorial system as the core has a significant effect on improving students' scientific research thinking and innovation ability, and is feasible for training medical innovative talents.

20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 312-315, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865770

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the application of students as standardized patients in orthopedical practice teaching of foreign medical students.Methods:A total of 116 students who received Surgical practice teaching in Affiliated Renhe Hospital of China Three Gorges University from January 2014 to December 2017 were randomly divided into two groups. Bedside teaching model was adopted in the control group ( n=58) to help the interns manage the in-patients under the guidance of the teacher. Additional teaching using standardized patients was applied 1 to 2 times per week in the experimental group ( n=58) on the basis of control group. After the teaching, practical test and assessment survey were adopted to evaluate the effectiveness of teaching. SPSS 13.0 was used to analyze the data by t-test. Results:The scores of the practical test of the experimental group were significantly higher than those of control group, such as history taking [(15.23±3.15) vs. (13.56±3.54), P=0.008], physical examination [(17.24±4.23) vs. (10.32±3.75), P=0.000], and basic skill [(17.32±2.58) vs. (13.22±3.65), P=0.000]. The assessment survey showed that learning motivation [(8.25±1.04) vs. (4.82±0.93), P=0.000], and communication ability [(6.22±1.12) vs. (5.59±0.89), P=0.001] of the experimental group were effectively improved than those of the control group. Conclusion:The teaching mode using standardized patients can effectively improve the learning motivation and clinical practical skills of foreign medical students, as well as the teaching quality.

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