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1.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835075

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES@#This study was designed to investigate the improvement effect of white ginseng extract (GS-KG9) on D-galactosamine (Ga1N)-induced oxidative stress and liver injury. @*SUBJECTS/METHODS@#Sixty Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 6 groups. Rats were orally administrated with GS-KG9 (300, 500, or 700 mg/kg) or silymarin (25 mg/kg) for 2 weeks. The rats of the GS-KG9- and silymarin-treated groups and a control group were then intraperitoneally injected Ga1N at a concentration of 650 mg/kg for 4 days. To investigate the protective effect of GS-KG9 against GalN-induced liver injury, blood liver function indicators, anti-oxidative stress indicators, and histopathological features were analyzed. @*RESULTS@#Serum biochemical analysis indicated that GS-KG9 ameliorated the elevation of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in GalN-treated rats. The hepatoprotective effects of GS-KG9 involved enhancing components of the hepatic antioxidant defense system, including glutathione, glutathione peroxidase (GPx), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and catalase (CAT). In addition, GS-KG9 treatment inhibited reactive oxygen species (ROS) production induced by GalN treatment in hepatocytes and significantly increased the expression levels of nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) proteins, which are antioxidant proteins. In particular, by histological analyses bases on hematoxylin and eosin, Masson's trichrome, α-smooth muscle actin, and transforming growth factor-β1 staining, we determined that the administration of 500 mg/kg GS-KG9 inhibited hepatic inflammation and fibrosis due to the excessive accumulation of collagen. @*CONCLUSIONS@#These findings demonstrate that GS-KG9 improves GalN-induced liver inflammation, necrosis, and fibrosis by attenuating oxidative stress. Therefore, GS-KG9 may be considered a useful candidate in the development of a natural preventive agent against liver injury.

2.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 273-280, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830381

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The impact of postoperative complications on long-term oncologic outcome after radical colorectal cancer surgery is controversial. The aim of this study was to examine the risk factors and oncologic outcomes of surgery-related postoperative complication groups. @*Methods@#From January 2010 to December 2010, 310 patients experienced surgery-related postoperative complications after radical colorectal cancer surgery. These stage I–III patients were classified into 2 subgroups, minor (grades I, II) and major (grades III, IV) complication groups, according to extended Clavien-Dindo classification system criteria. Clinicopathologic differences between the 2 groups were analyzed to identify risk factors for major complications. The diseasefree survival rates of surgery-related postoperative complication groups were also compared. @*Results@#Minor and major complication groups were stratified with 194 patients (62.6%) and 116 patients (37.4%), respectively. The risk factors influencing the major complication group were pathologic N category and operative method. The prognostic factors associated with disease-free survival were preoperative perforation, perineural invasion, tumor budding, and receiving neoadjuvant therapy. With a median follow-up period of 72.2 months, the 5-year disease-free survival rates were 84.4% in the minor group and 78.5% in the major group, but there was no statistical significance between the minor and major groups (P = 0.392). @*Conclusion@#Advanced cancer and open surgery were identified as risk factors for increased surgery-related major complications after radical colorectal cancer surgery. However, severity of postoperative complications did not affect disease-free survival from colorectal cancer.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916706

ABSTRACT

Anterior mediastinal teratomas are congenital tumors containing derivatives of all three germ layers. They usually grow slowly and are often detected incidentally by imaging studies. We describe the case of a 38-year-old man with an anterior mediastinal teratoma extending to the anterior neck, which resulted in a cystic neck mass.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916629

ABSTRACT

Amyloidosis has a wide spectrum of manifestations in numerous abdominal organs. It can be categorized into primary or secondary disease according to the presence of accompanying conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, tuberculosis, or neoplasms. Herein, we present a rare case of amyloidosis associated with renal cell carcinoma that showed nonspecific radiologic features such as diffuse bowel wall thickening, ascites and peritoneal thickening.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714577

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although bone scan might be useful to detect incomplete atypical femoral fractures (AFFs) earlier than radiographs, there is no study on predicting further progression to a complete fracture among incomplete AFFs. Our purposes are to determine whether bone scan detects impending complete fracture among incomplete AFFs. METHODS: We reviewed 18 patients (20 AFFs) who underwent bone scan at the diagnosis of incomplete AFF and were not treated with prophylactic fixation. A diagnosis of impending complete fracture was made, when the femur completely fractured within 6 months after the scan. We correlated radioisotope uptake with the impending complete fracture to calculate sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of bone scan. RESULTS: Thirteen AFFs (65%, 13/20) showed a positive uptake in bone scan. Among the 13, only one femur was completely fractured within 6 months. None of the 7 femurs without uptake in bone scan fractured. In diagnosing impending complete fracture, the sensitivity of bone scan was 100% and negative predictive value was 100%. However, the specificity (36.8%) and positive predictive value (7.7%) were quite low. CONCLUSION: Bone scan has no significant role in detecting the impending complete fracture, and a positive uptake does not mean the necessity of prophylactic fixation of incomplete AFF.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis , Femoral Fractures , Femur , Humans , Sensitivity and Specificity
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713892

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop a Korean version of the self-reported thyroid-specific quality of life (QoL) questionnaire for thyroid cancer patients (KT-QoL), and to evaluate its reliability and validity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred seventy-two patients who underwent thyroidectomy from January to December 2010 were recruited in this study. The original version of the thyroid QoL was translated into Korean and evaluated for its reliability and validity. Using the developed KT-QoL, the postoperative QoL was evaluated until postoperative 1 year. RESULTS: At the preoperative baseline, the item internal consistency (IIC) ranged from −0.19 to 0.76, with low IIC values for items 2, 17, and 27. Item discriminant validity ranged from 86% to 97%. These values were similar at the postoperative periods. The internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's α) was high for all dimensions, ranging from 0.90 to 0.95. The test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient) was acceptable (0.74-0.82). The external validity examined by the correlation between the item 1j (voice changes) of KT-QoL and the voice handicap index-30 ranged from 0.51 to 0.75. Patients' QoL scores decreased after surgery, which demonstrated the sensitivity of the questionnaire. The QoL scores in patients with lobectomy showed best QoL scores postoperatively and those with receiving radioactive iodine still showed decreased QoL scores along the postoperative periods. CONCLUSION: These results demonstrate that KT-QoL is a valid instrument for evaluating QoL of Korean patients with thyroid cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Iodine , Postoperative Period , Quality of Life , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroidectomy , Voice
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715507

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The ongoing Multicenter Prospective Cohort Study of Active Surveillance on Papillary Thyroid Microcarcinoma (MAeSTro) aims to observe the natural course of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC), develop a protocol for active surveillance (AS), and compare the long-term prognosis, quality of life, and medical costs between the AS and immediate surgery groups. METHODS: This multicenter prospective cohort study of PTMC started in June 2016. The inclusion criteria were suspicious of malignancy or malignancy based on fine needle aspiration or core needle biopsy, age of ≥18 years, and a maximum diameter of ≤1 cm. If there was no major organ involvement, no lymph node/distant metastasis, and no variants with poor prognosis, the patients were explained of the pros and cons of immediate surgery and AS before selecting AS or immediate surgery. Follow-up visits (physical examination, ultrasonography, thyroid function, and questionnaires) are scheduled every 6 months during the first 2 years, and then every 1 year thereafter. Progression was defined as a maximum diameter increase of ≥3, ≥2 mm in two dimensions, suspected organ involvement, or lymph node/distant metastasis. RESULTS: Among 439 enrolled patients, 290 patients (66.1%) chose AS and 149 patients (33.9%) chose immediate surgery. The median follow-up was 6.7 months (range, 0.2 to 11.9). The immediate surgery group had a larger maximum tumor diameter, compared to the AS group (7.1±1.9 mm vs. 6.6±2.0 mm, respectively; P=0.014). CONCLUSION: The results will be useful for developing an appropriate PTMC treatment policy based on its natural course and risk factors for progression.


Subject(s)
Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Biopsy, Large-Core Needle , Cohort Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Risk Factors , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Ultrasonography
10.
Journal of Bone Metabolism ; : 219-226, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718151

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although studies and interest in sarcopenia have increased, it is still a matter of debate which muscle mass index better represents the aging process. We compared 3 indices for muscle mass (appendicular skeletal muscle mass [ASM]/weight, ASM/height2, and the body mass index [BMI]-adjusted muscle mass index [ASM/BMI]) to determine which better reflected the aging process in terms of the decline in bone mineral density (BMD), visual acuity (VA), hearing power, renal function, pulmonary function, and handgrip strength. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cross-sectional study using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in the Korean population. Between 2008 and 2011, a total of 14,415 men and 17,971 women aged 10 years or older participated in the study. We plotted the changes in the 3 indices of muscle mass and compared these with changes in BMD, VA, hearing power, renal function, pulmonary function, and handgrip strength according to each age group. RESULTS: The ASM/BMI showed similar changes in terms of surrogate markers of the aging process, while the ASM/weight and ASM/height2 showed no correlation. CONCLUSIONS: Among muscle indices for sarcopenia, only the ASM/BMI represented the aging process.


Subject(s)
Aging , Biomarkers , Body Mass Index , Bone Density , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Hearing , Humans , Korea , Male , Muscle, Skeletal , Nutrition Surveys , Retrospective Studies , Sarcopenia , Visual Acuity
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741467

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Changes in magnesium (Mg) concentration and calcium-to-magnesium ratio (Ca/Mg) play a critical role in cancer cell proliferation. In this study, we evaluated the association between preoperative Ca/Mg ratio and clinicopathological characteristics of prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Preoperative serum levels of Ca and Mg, as well as the Ca/Mg ratio, were retrospectively analyzed in 319 consecutive patients with prostate cancer who underwent radical prostatectomy at our institution between February 2014 and June 2016. Blood Ca and Mg levels, together with the Ca/Mg ratio, were analyzed in relation to the patients' demographic and clinicopathological characteristics. RESULTS: Preoperative Ca/Mg ratio was significantly higher in patients with pathologic Gleason score (pGS)≥8 than in those with pGS≤7 (mean [95% confidence interval]: 4.45 [4.35–4.56] vs. 4.32 [4.27–4.38], p=0.037). The Ca/Mg ratio was positively correlated with preoperative prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels (r=0.116, p=0.039) and PSA density (r=0.156, p=0.005). Ca/Mg ratio was a preoperative predictor of high pGS (≥8) according to multiple logistic regression analysis (odds ratio, 1.752; 95% confidence interval, 1.002–3.064; p=0.049). CONCLUSIONS: A high serum Ca/Mg ratio was closely associated with worse clinicopathological parameters (high PSA and PSA density and pGS≥8), suggesting that the Ca/Mg ratio may be a useful serological marker for further characterization of oncologic features in prostate cancer. A multicenter prospective study with long-term follow-up is recommended to further assess the utility of this cost-effective marker as a prognostic indicator of prostate cancer.


Subject(s)
Calcium , Cell Proliferation , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Logistic Models , Magnesium , Neoplasm Grading , Prospective Studies , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms , Retrospective Studies
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-208037

ABSTRACT

Bullous pemphigoid is a rare nonhematologic autoimmune complication of chronic lymphocytic leukemia. There have been roughly 10 cases worldwide since 1974, and searches through Korean dermatological literature revealed no reported cases. A 72-year-old man had been diagnosed with chronic lymphocytic leukemia and treated with chemotherapy for 7 months. After that, he was in complete remission, and the chemotherapy was discontinued consequently. One month later, multiple erythematous blisters, papules, and crusts developed on his trunk and both extremities. Histopathologic examination and immunofluorescence of the tense blister revealed a bullous pemphigoid. We present this rare case as the first documented case report of bullous pemphigoid following chronic lymphocytic leukemia in the Korean dermatological literature.


Subject(s)
Aged , Blister , Drug Therapy , Extremities , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Humans , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Pemphigoid, Bullous , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-155535

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We analyzed the clinicopathologic differences of thyroid cancer by diagnosis periods, diagnostic motives, residence history and clinical risk factors in thyroid cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Total 1599 thyroid cancer patients who answered the questionnaires about family history of thyroid cancer, residence history including duration of residence and location were enrolled from two hospitals, Seoul National University Hospital and National Cancer Center in Korea. Demographics and environmental information were collected via questionnaires and clinical data were reviewed via electronic medical records. RESULTS: More thyroid cancer has been diagnosed in 2011 to 2013 by screening test without specific symptom than before 1990. The size of cancer at diagnosis was significantly smaller and multifocal tumor was more frequently found in 2011 to 2013 than before 1990 as well. The tumors of obese or overweight patients tended to harbor extrathyroidal extension and lymph node metastasis than normal weight subjects with statistical significance. However, there were no differences in clinicopathologic characteristics according to residence and smoking history. CONCLUSION: In this study, there were some different clinicopathologic characteristics according to the diagnosis era, diagnostic motives, family history of thyroid cancer and body mass index.


Subject(s)
Body Mass Index , Demography , Diagnosis , Electronic Health Records , Humans , Korea , Lymph Nodes , Mass Screening , Neoplasm Metastasis , Overweight , Risk Factors , Seoul , Smoke , Smoking , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764770

ABSTRACT

This case study was to report the possible increase in the denture retention and psychological relief using the implant-supported fixed prostheses in a completely edentulous patient. The implants were placed in the anterior portion of the mandible in a patient who had completely edentulous state following the extraction of residual abutment teeth, and consequently a distal extension removable partial denture was fabricated. The patient's adaptation and satisfaction to the new prosthesis was monitored and confirmed in terms of masticatory function and esthetics, by restoring the oral condition similar to initial status before the residual teeth extraction. After 6 months, radiographic examination confirmed that both the abutment teeth and the implants were stable and well maintained. Considering the relatively short clinical follow-up period, however, continuous long-term monitoring was required.


Subject(s)
Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Denture Retention , Denture, Partial, Removable , Esthetics , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Mandible , Mandibular Prosthesis , Prostheses and Implants , Tooth
15.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 129-131, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-19883

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Melanoma
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-213428

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The best options of several bisphosphonates for prevention of osteoporotic fractures in postmenopausal women remain controversial. We determined which bisphosphonate provides better efficacy in prevention of osteoporotic fractures using a decision analysis tool, in terms of quality of life. METHODS: A decision analysis model was constructed containing final outcome score and the probability of vertebral and hip fracture within 1 year. Final outcome was defined as health-related quality of life, and was used as an utility in the decision tree. Probabilities were obtained by literature review, and health-related quality of life was evaluated by consensus committee. A roll back tool was used to determine the best bisphosphonate, and sensitivity analysis was performed to compensate for decision model uncertainty. RESULTS: The decision model favored bisphosphonate with higher compliance in terms of quality of life. In one-way sensitivity analysis, ibandronate was more beneficial than the others, when probability of compliance on ibandronate was above 0.589. CONCLUSIONS: In terms of quality of life, the decision analysis model showed that compliance was most important for patients in real world, regardless of type of bisphosphonate.


Subject(s)
Compliance , Consensus , Decision Support Techniques , Decision Trees , Diphosphonates , Female , Hip , Humans , Osteoporotic Fractures , Patient Compliance , Quality of Life , Uncertainty
17.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 491-494, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-171603

ABSTRACT

CD30+ lymphoproliferative disorders (LPD) represent a spectrum of T-cell lymphoma including lymphomatoid papulosis and anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL). Epidermis overlying cutaneous CD30+ LPD often shows epidermal hyperplasia, hyperkeratosis, crusting, and ulceration and it is difficult to distinguish from carcinoma such as keratoacanthoma (KA) or squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Several cases of pseudocarcinomatous hyperplasia mimicking KA or SCC in CD30+ LPD have been reported. The relationship between CD30+ LPD and epithelial proliferations has not yet well understood. It was reported that a variety of mediators, including epidermal growth factor (EGF), transforming growth factor-α and EGFR from CD30+ LPD could attribute to epidermal hyperplasia. However, separate and distinct SCC occurring in CD30+ LPD has rarely been reported. Herein, we present a rare case of coexistence of SCC and cutaneous ALCL located on the same region.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Epidermal Growth Factor , Epidermis , Epithelial Cells , Hyperplasia , Keratoacanthoma , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Anaplastic , Lymphoma, Primary Cutaneous Anaplastic Large Cell , Lymphoma, T-Cell , Lymphomatoid Papulosis , Lymphoproliferative Disorders , Ulcer
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-179631

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Pediatric dermatoses show different clinical presentations and responses to treatment than that in adults. However, data on inpatient pediatric dermatology are limited in the current medical literature. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze patterns of dermatologic consultations in pediatric inpatients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of inpatient pediatric (age <18 yrs) consultation requests received by the dermatology department from January 2012 to December 2014. The age, sex, diagnosis, requesting department, and reason for consultation were recorded. RESULTS: Among 27,323 inpatients, 581 (2.1%) had undergone consultation. Of these, 318 (54.7%) were boys and 263 (45.4%) were girls (M: F=1.2:1). Patients ranged in age from newborn to 17 years, and 22.4% were under 1 year. Most of the consultation requests (57.7%) were made by pediatrics, followed by neurosurgery (7.7%) and general surgery departments (7.7%). The most common diagnostic categories included eczema (26.3%), skin appendigeal diseases (18.7%), infectious disease (17.7%), neoplasms (12.8%), and drug eruptions, erythema, and urticaria (7.1%). The most common reasons for consultation were dermatologic diseases or conditions (82.5%), skin lesions of a systemic disease (9.5%), and diseases related to treatment (6.5%). CONCLUSION: Information obtained from this study can not only improve the quality of patient care but also inform clinicians about the array of pediatric dermatology conditions in the hospital setting.


Subject(s)
Adult , Communicable Diseases , Dermatology , Diagnosis , Drug Eruptions , Eczema , Epidemiology , Erythema , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Inpatients , Neurosurgery , Patient Care , Pediatrics , Referral and Consultation , Retrospective Studies , Skin , Skin Diseases , Urticaria
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-24775

ABSTRACT

Facial dyspigmentation in Asian women often poses diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Recently, a distinctive bilateral hyperpigmentation of face and neck has occasionally been observed. This study was performed to investigate the clinico-pathological features of this dyspigmentation as well as proper treatment approaches. We retrospectively investigated the medical records including photographs, routine laboratory tests, histopathologic studies of both lesional and peri-lesional normal skin and patch test of thirty-one patients presented acquired bizarre hyperpigmentation on face and neck. The mean age of patients was 52.3 years and the mean duration of dyspigmentation was 24.2 months. In histologic evaluations of lesional skin, a significantly increased liquefactive degeneration of basal layer, pigmentary incontinence and lymphocytic infiltration were noted, whereas epidermal melanin or solar elastosis showed no statistical differences. Among 19 patients managed with a step-by-step approach, seven improved with using only topical anti-inflammatory agents and moisturizer, and 12 patients gained clinical benefit after laser therapy without clinical aggravation. Both clinical and histopathologic findings of the cases suggest a distinctive acquired hyperpigmentary disorder related with subclinical inflammation. Proper step-by-step evaluation and management of underlying subclinical inflammation would provide clinical benefit.


Subject(s)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Asians , Female , Humans , Hyperpigmentation , Inflammation , Laser Therapy , Medical Records , Melanins , Neck , Patch Tests , Retrospective Studies , Skin
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-206790

ABSTRACT

Scrotal calcinosis is a relatively common tumor of the male genitalia but there is controversy in the literature regarding its pathogenesis. The authors of many case reports debate whether the lesions are truly idiopathic or if they arise from other conditions. Only few cases of scrotal calcinosis have been proven to have an eccrine origin so far. Herein, we report a case of scrotal calcinosis originating from a milium-like syringoma in a male Korean patient.


Subject(s)
Calcinosis , Genitalia, Male , Humans , Male , Scrotum , Syringoma
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