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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-861070

ABSTRACT

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) refers to a group of highly heterogeneous diseases with high prevalence rate and fatality rate, which has become a worldwide public health challenge. Quantitative CT can effectively evaluate the characteristic changes of pulmonary parenchyma, airway and pulmonary vessels, having great significances in early diagnosis, monitoring disease progression and individualized treatment of COPD.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823989

ABSTRACT

To examine the feasibility of using a computer tool for stratifying the severity of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) based on computed tomography (CT) images. We retrospectively examined 44 confirmed COVID-19 cases. All cases were evaluated separately by radiologists (visually) and through an in-house computer software. The degree of lesions was visually scored by the radiologist, as follows, for each of the 5 lung lobes:0, no lesion present;1,<1/3 involvement;2,>1/3 and<2/3 involvement;and 3,>2/3 involvement. Lesion density was assessed based on the proportion of ground-glass opacity (GGO), consolidation and fibrosis of the lesions. The parameters obtained using the computer tool included lung volume (mL), lesion volume (mL), lesion percentage (%), and mean lesion density (HU) of the whole lung, right lung, left lung, and each lobe. The scores obtained by the radiologists and quantitative results generated by the computer software were tested for correlation. A Chi-square test was used to test the consistency of radiologist- and computer-derived lesion percentage in the right/left lung, upper/lower lobe, and each of the 5 lobes. The results showed a strong to moderate correlation between lesion percentage scores obtained by radiologists and the computer software (r ranged from 0.7679 to 0.8373, P < 0.05), and a moderate correlation between the proportion of GGO and mean lesion density (r=-0.5894, P<0.05), and proportion of consolidation and mean lesion density (r=0.6282, P<0.05). Computer-aided quantification showed a statistical significant higher lesion percentage for lower lobes than that assessed by the radiologists (x2 = 8.160, P = 0.004). Our experiments demonstrated that the computer tool could reliably and accurately assess the severity and distribution of pneumonia on CT scans.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 21-25, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745206

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish and validate a voxel-based method for the quantitative detection of air trapping (AT),and to explore its diagnostic value by preliminarily apply this method in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients.Methods From March 2015 to February 2016,fifty healthy young volunteers and eighteen COPD patients who underwent both end-inspiratory and end-expiratory CT were included from the Digital Lung Multi-center Study.The quantitative parameters of AT and emphysema were measured by both the voxel-based quantitative method and the conventional threshold method,respectively.All subjects underwent pulmonary function examination within 3 days after CT examination.For healthy volunteers,paired sample rank-sum test was used to compare the difference of quantitative parameters between voxel-based method and threshold method,Spearman rank correlation analysis was used to investigate the correlation between quantitative parameters of the two methods and pulmonary function.For COPD patients,the distribution and extent of AT and emphysema in patients with similar degree of pulmonary function (PFT) injury were observed.Results There were varying degrees of AT in the asymptomatic youth,with a median value of 5.70% for the voxel-based method and with a median value of 7.96% for the conventional threshold method,there was significant difference(Z=-4.015,P<0.001).The correlation between AT and emphysema parameters of the voxel-based method and PFT parameters (r=-0.399 and-0.494,-0.335 and-0.439 separately,P<0.05) were higher than that of the conventional threshold method,respectively (r=-0.357 and-0.453,-0.284 and-0.391,respectively;all P<0.05).Furthermore,the voxel-based method can classify COPD patients with similar degree of pulmonary function injury into three subtypes:AT-dominant,emphysema-dominant,and mixed.Conclusions The voxel-based AT quantitative measurement method not only has high sensitivity and accuracy,but also provides imaging phenotype for the diagnosis of COPD and provides assistant decision-making for clinical management.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 16-20, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745205

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the predictive capability of multiple linear regression (MLR)and neural network model (NNM) for pulmonary artery obstruction index (PAOI) in pulmonary embolism.Methods One hundred and forty-seven APE patients (79 male,68 female) were collected from March 2015 to July 2016 in our hospital and randomly divided into training group and testing group with the ratio of 3 ∶ 1.Four indexes,including total volume (V),total length (L),total degree of embolism (D) and total number of clots (N) were calculated by computer assisted detection.Qanadli index (Q) as CT PAOI was calculated manually.With SPSS 14.2 modeler,the predictive value of Qanadli index ((Q)) was calculated by MLR and NNM respectively,with Qanadli index as dependent variable and V,L,D,N as independent variables.SPSS 22.0 Spearman test was used to analyze the correlation between (Q) and Q.Mean absolute error (MAE),mean relative error (MRE),root mean square error (RMSE) were used to quantify the accuracies of two methods.Results MLR equation was (Q)=10.98+ 1.37×V+0.06×L,model fitting was 0.764.NNM included one hidden layer and two neurons with accuracy of 0.868.In training group,the correlation between (Q) and Q in NNM (r=0.932,P<0.01) was higher than MLR (r=0.879,P<0.01);in testing group,the correlation between (Q) and Q in NNM (r=0.875,P<0.01) was higher than MLR (r=0.868,P<0.01).In training group,MAE,MRE and RMSE of NNM (5.144,0.274,6.957) were significantly lower (t=3.402,P=0.002) than MLR (6.784,0.282,8.700);in testing group,MAE,MRE and RMSE of NNM (6.643,0.312,9.195) were significantly lower (t=3.383,P=0.002) than MLR (8.505,0.334,10.361).Conclusion NNM is a better model in predicting CT pulmonary artery obstruction index of APE patients.

5.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1853-1856, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733375

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of the morphological quantitative indexes and the number of emboli in predicting heart function in patients with acute pulmonary embolism (APE)based on computer-aided diagnosis (CAD)technique.Methods One-hundred and forty-eight APE patients confirmed by CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA)in our hospital.Total number of emboli (N)and three morphological quantitative indexes,including total volume of emboli (V),total length (L)and total maximum cross-section embolism proportion (P)were obtained by CAD.The maximal short axis and area of left and right ventricular (LVd,RVd,LVS,RVS)were measured by hand on axial image to calculate the ratio of maximal short axis of right and left ventricular (RVd/LVd)and ratio of maximal area of right and left ventricular (RVS/LVS).The correlation of the above indexes was analyzed by the Pearson correlation of SPSS 22.0.Results The ranking of the correlation between CAD indexes and the heart function was in the order of V,L,P and N.The correlation between CAD indexes and the right heart function was greater than that of the left heart.The V had the strongest correlation with RVd (r=0.544,P=0.000),RVS (r=0.515,P=0.000),RVd/LVd (r=0.595,P=0.000)and RVS/LVS (r=0.579,P=0.000),respectively.While other the CAD indexes had lower correlation with the heart function (|r|:0.167-0.476,P<0.05),and there was no correlation between the N and the left heart function.Conclusion In embolic morphology and quantitative indexes,the V is the best quantitative index to reflect the change of right heart function in APE,which can reflect dys-function of right heart and severity of pulmonary embolism dis-ease in the APE embolism patient.

6.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 932-936, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696941

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changing curve of mean lung density (MLD)in normal preschool children based on CT quantitative measurement.Methods Chest CT data of 409 preschool children were reviewed retrospectively from the "digital lung"database.A computerized algorithm based on the "digital lung"was applied to all examinations in a batch manner.The MLD values of total lung,right lung,left lung and each lobe were obtained automatically.Results There was no correlation between the gender and MLD,however a moderately negative correlation was found between the age of month and MLD (P<0.05).No significant difference of MLD was found between genders of the same age of month group,except in left lower lobe of 49-60 months of age (P=0.043). The MLD was decreased gradually with age (P<0.05).Conclusion There is not a statistical difference in MLD between the preschool boys and preschool girls of the same age of month.With the growth of preschool children,the MLD is gradually decreased.

7.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 596-599, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696870

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the spatial resolution and density resolution balance algorithm(MBIRSTND)and spatial resolution preference algorithm (MBIRRP20)from new version of model-based iterative reconstruction(MBIRn),and adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction(ASIR) with lung kernel in routine dose about the performance of computer-aided detection (CAD)for quantitative analysis of airway.Methods 30 patients were involved who were scanned for pulmonary disease with spectrum CT.Data with a slice thinkness 0.625 mm were reconstructed with ASIR,MBIRSTNDand MBIRRP20.Airway dimensions from three reconstruction algorithm images were measured using an automated and quantitative software(Dexin-FACT)that was designed to segment and quantify the bronchial tree,and a skeletonization algorithm to extract the center-line of airway trees automatically.For each patient,reconstruction algorithm chose the right middle lobe bronchus,and the bronchial length of the matched airways was measured by this scheme.Two radiologists used a semiquantitative 5 scale (Score 0 stands for its image quality is similar to that with ASIR;Score±1 stand for a little better or a little worse;Score±2 stand for obviously better or obviously worse)to rate subjective image quality of airway trees about images reconstructed with MBIRSTNDand MBIRRP20.Paired t test and Wilcoxon signed-rank test were used.Results Algorithm impacts the measurement variability of bronchus length in chest CT.The bronchial length with MBIRRP20was longer than with MBIRSTND, while the length with ASIR were the shortest(P<0.05).In addition, the optimal reconstruction algorithm was found to affect the subjective noise,the continuity and completeness of bronchial wall,and the show of bronchial end.The subjective noise of MBIRSTNDwas better than that of MBIRRP20.The show of bronchial end of MBIRRP20was better than that of MBIRSTND(P<0.05).There was no significant difference in the continuity and completeness of bronchial wall compared with MBIRRP20and MBIRSTND(P>0.05),which was much better than with ASIR(P<0.05).Conclusion MBIRn can inmprove the analyzing ability of CAD airway.The MBIRSTNDcan significantly reduce the image noise,the MBIRRP20significantly improve the branching of the bronchial arteries,both of which can allow the desired airway quantification accuracy of CAD for chest CT of the bronchial wall.

8.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 548-550, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609097

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the relationship between the spatial structure of pulmonary vascular tree and oxygen partial pressure in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD) by the fractal dimension method.Methods 106 patients with COPD and 100 healthy people without COPD as controls were included in this study.All of the patients underwent multidetector CT scan and blood gas analysis.The pulmonary vascular trees were generated using post-processing software,and the FD of the pulmonary vascular trees were determined with ImageJ software in a personal computer.The fractal dimension were evaluated in the two groups.The relationship between FD and oxygen partial pressure in patients with COPD was analyzed.Results The FD value of the patients with COPD was lower than that of the patients without COPD (t =5.21,P< 0.01).There was a significant correlation between FD and the PaO2 in patients with COPD (r=0.692,P< 0.01).Conclusion FD analysis can effectively evaluate the process of pulmonary vascular remodeling induced by hypoxia in patients with COPD,which may be used as an important index for quantitative evaluation of pulmonary vascular remodeling in the course of COPD.

9.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1112-1115, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616305

ABSTRACT

Objective To build an advanced clinical case collection and teaching system for the department of radiology, and thus to facilitate the scientific research and teaching.Methods By combining several free software, we built a network version of the case collection system with simple web pages, to achieve centralized storage of case text and image data, thus to facilitate the research and teaching work.Results This case collection system quickly saved text data and image data through simple operation, supported parallel work without the need for complex configuration on the client, and had good support for wide area network.This system had stable system operation and could be customized to meet the clinical needs well.Conclusion Using free software to establish the network version of the case collection and teaching system is low cost and has no legal risk.This system is a simple but powerful tool, and can meet the needs of hospitals with different sizes, which is a more perfect case collection system.

10.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 107-110, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510227

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively summarize the normal reference range of trachea wall thickness,lumen diameter,wall area and wall area ratio[WA%=mean wall area/(mean wall area+lumen area)]of Chinese healthy adults,and its related factors. Also,to observe the difference of inner diameter between superior and inferior bronchus.Methods Based on computer measurement techniques of bronchus,a CT quantitative analysis was carried out in 701 cases of normal healthy people who had negative results in lung cancer screening of health examination at our hospital.Results The value of trachea wall thickness,lumen diameter,wall area and wall area ratio was(1.322 mm,18.024 mm,78.93 mm2 ,0.27)respectively.In different gender,the trachea wall thickness,lumen diameter,wall area and wall area ratio had statistical significance (P<0.05).Also,they had good consistency with gender (r=-0.512,-0.472,-0.559,0.315).In different gender and age,the difference of inner diameter between the superior bronchus and inferior bronchus was always a positive value.Conclusion The CT quantitative analysis method has advantages of convenience,direct-vie-wing and accuracy.It is good for quantitative detection and research of bronchus structure.Bronchial wall thickness,lumen diameter, wall area and wall area ratio have significant difference because of gender.The inner diameter of superior bronchus is always greater than that of the inferior bronchus.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668818

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the application value of PET glucose metabolic imaging and MR structural imaging in diagnosis of Alzheimer disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI).Methods Totally 18 patients with AD (AD group),6 patients with MCI (MCI group) and 10 healthy volunteers (HC group) were enrolled.There were 11 cases of moderate or severe AD and 7 cases of mild AD in AD group.PET and structural MR imaging of the brain were performed.The radioactivity distribution in the brain and the hippocampal atrophy were observed through visually evaluation and quantitative analysis.Results The glucose metabolism reduced in certain regions of the brain in all AD patients (18/18,100%).Among them,11 patients with moderate or severe AD accompanied hippocampal atrophy,while 3 of 7 patients with mild AD showed hippocampal atrophy.No hippocampal atrophy was found in 5 patients with MCI (5/6,83.33 %),but 2 of them showed decreased radioactivity in the brain.The symmetric mild diminution of radioactivity distribution without hippocampal atrophy was found in all subjects in HC group (10/10,100%).Two cases in HC group showed mild encephalanalosis.Conclusion Both of PET glucose metabolic imaging and MR structural imaging can be used to diagnose AD or MCI with different focus.Combination of these two techniques is helpful to improving diagnostic accuracy.

12.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1831-1835, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664062

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the extent and anatomic distribution of air trapping in lung in young asymptomatic female subjects to achieve early diagnosis of small airway diseases.Methods Fifty young females with normal pulmonary function were included retrospectively in this study.All subjects underwent both inspiratory and expiratory CT scans,the percentage of the area of air trapping(AT)and the percentage of the area of emphysema(Emph)were quantitatively analyzed.Comparison between bilateral lungs was analyzed using independent-samples t test;Comparisons among lobes were done using one-way ANOVA or Kruskal-Wallis rank sum test;Pairwise comparisons between lobes were conducted using LSD test or paired comparison;The effects of each lobe on AT were analyzed using Spearman's rank correlation coefficient,simple linear regression and multiple stepwise regression.Results There was a certain degree of air trapping in lung and a small amount of emphysema in young asymptomatic females.Air trapping was mainly located in the right middle lobe (RML)and bilateral upper lobes.The ratio of air trapping to volume was the highest in RML and the change of air trapping in the bilateral upper lobes had the greatest influence on the air trapping degree of the whole lung.Conclusion There is a certain degree of air trapping in lung in young asymptomatic females.The occurrence and development of air trapping in RML may be a sensitive biomarker for the early detection of pathophysiological changes in small airway diseases using imaging procedures.

13.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1499-1503, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660307

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the characteristics and significance signification of changes of cerebral glucose metabolism in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD).Methods Seventeen patients diagnosed with AD based on standard clinical diagnostic criteria (AD group),and 15 healthy volunteers as normal control group (HC group)were enrolled in this study.Positron emission tomography (PET)were performed in both groups and three-dimensional reconstruction images were obtained.The visual evaluation,regions of interesting (ROI)technology and brain function analysis software were used to analyze PET results data in of each group.Results ①In AD group,glucose metabolisam was decreased and mainly distributed in the parietal lobe,temporal lobe,frontal cortex,posterior cingultate and hippocampus,but not in occipital lobe,basal ganglia,thalamus and cerebellum nuclei basales,thalamus and opisthencephalon.Ssomatic sensation and motor functionand were not affected.②Compared with mild AD patients,glucose metabolism inof moderate and severe AD patients was decreased more significantly in parietal lobe,temporal lobe,frontal cortex,posterior cingultate and hippocampus,with a wider range of lesionsthe range also expanded,and visual area and speech centerpartly followed by the disorder of visual center and speech center may bewere involved in some patients.③The built-in brain function analysis software of PET system software carried by PET system was more objectiveprecise and accurate than visual evaluation or and ROI technology,can accurately reflected the changes in brain glucose metabolism which and iwas suitable for popularization and application.Conclusion Because the distribution of impaired glucose metabolism in cerebral cortex hads certain characteristics and regularity laws in AD patients.18 F-FDG PET imaging can maybe meaningful valuable in diagnosis,differential diagnosis and therapeutic evaluation in AD.

14.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1499-1503, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-657841

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the characteristics and significance signification of changes of cerebral glucose metabolism in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD).Methods Seventeen patients diagnosed with AD based on standard clinical diagnostic criteria (AD group),and 15 healthy volunteers as normal control group (HC group)were enrolled in this study.Positron emission tomography (PET)were performed in both groups and three-dimensional reconstruction images were obtained.The visual evaluation,regions of interesting (ROI)technology and brain function analysis software were used to analyze PET results data in of each group.Results ①In AD group,glucose metabolisam was decreased and mainly distributed in the parietal lobe,temporal lobe,frontal cortex,posterior cingultate and hippocampus,but not in occipital lobe,basal ganglia,thalamus and cerebellum nuclei basales,thalamus and opisthencephalon.Ssomatic sensation and motor functionand were not affected.②Compared with mild AD patients,glucose metabolism inof moderate and severe AD patients was decreased more significantly in parietal lobe,temporal lobe,frontal cortex,posterior cingultate and hippocampus,with a wider range of lesionsthe range also expanded,and visual area and speech centerpartly followed by the disorder of visual center and speech center may bewere involved in some patients.③The built-in brain function analysis software of PET system software carried by PET system was more objectiveprecise and accurate than visual evaluation or and ROI technology,can accurately reflected the changes in brain glucose metabolism which and iwas suitable for popularization and application.Conclusion Because the distribution of impaired glucose metabolism in cerebral cortex hads certain characteristics and regularity laws in AD patients.18 F-FDG PET imaging can maybe meaningful valuable in diagnosis,differential diagnosis and therapeutic evaluation in AD.

15.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 722-725, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614029

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the MRI features of pyometra and its correlation with pathologic.Methods MRI and DWI data of 12 cases pyometra proved by surgery and pathology were analyzed retrospectively, and a comparision with pathologic findings was made.Mean ADC values were calculated.Results According to the homogeneity of MRI signal: Uniform signal type in 2 cases,T1WI showed slightly low signal,T2WI showed slightly high signal,DWI showed high signal,and the distribution of pus compositions is relatively uniform;Signal mixed type in 5 cases, T2 showed at the bottom of the pus or peripheral mixed slightly short signal, DWI showed mixed high signal, there was some sediment in the bottom of the pus;5 cases of liquid layer type, the upper displayed signal of water,and the lower signal was lower than the upper signal on T2WI, of which 3 cases showed uniform signal of the lower, DWI showed a uniform high signal, the distribution of pus compositions is uniform, the other 2 cases showed mixed signal of the lower, which was pyometra with bleeding,DWI showed high signal and low signal mixed together.The average ADC value of the 12 patients were 0.532×10-3 mm2/s.12 cases of uterine volume were increased, including 10 cases of uterine wall thinning, the other 2 cases with inflammatory invasion, the uterine wall thickening.8 cases with cervical cancer.5 cases with pelvic effusion.Conclusion MRI findings of pyometra are characteristic, its MRI manifestations and pathological components are highly correlated,and the ADC value is of great value in the diagnosis of pyometra.

16.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 765-768, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-614020

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical application value of CT angiography(CTA) in detection of the accessory renal artery(ARA).Methods The renal artery CTA in 100 cases was reconstructed retrospectively with volume rendering (VR), multiplanar reconstruction (MPR), maximum density projection (MIP) and curved surface reconstruction (CPR).Results In all 200 kidneys,ARA were 47 with an incidence of 23.5% (47/200).The incidence of ARA in male and female were about 17% and 13%, and there was no significant difference between them.The ARA in the upper pole of the kidney was 25 (53.1%), and in lower pole was 22 (46.9%).It was showed on MIP with a display rate of 100%, on MRP of 93.6%, on VR of 90.4% and on CPR of 85.1%.Conclusion CTA is a safe, rapid, noninvasive and economical method for the diagnosis of ARA.It is helpful for surgical renal operation, interventional therapy and renal transplantation.

17.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1137-1141, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496492

ABSTRACT

Objective To quantitatively analyze the fund theses published in the Journal of Practical Radiology(JPR)and Chinese Journal of Radiology(CJR)in order to detect effective approaches to the improvement of the journal quality and academic level of the JPR.Methods The number of funds-supported theses published,the ratio of fund theses,grade,regional,source of institutions and publication time-lag distribution of the fund theses were statistically analyzed by using bibliometrics in the two journals in 2013.Re-sults Six hundred and eighteen theses were published in JPR in 2013,the total number of fund theses were 137(accounted for 22.2% of total articles),the ratio of fund theses were 0.22,the provincial and municipal fund theses accounted for 59.2%.All fund theses were from 23 regions and 82 institutions throughout the country.The average of publication time-lag was 235.6 days.Three hundred and thirteen theses were published in CJR in 2013,the total number of fund theses were 97(accounted for 31.0% of total articles),the ratio of fund theses were 0.31,the provincial and municipal fund theses accounted for 32.0%.All fund theses were from 18 regions and 70 institutions throughout the country.The average of publication time-lag was 228.4 days.Conclusion JPR has its own superi-ority,meanwhile,it also has a significant disparity and insufficiency comparing to CJR.In order to further promote the quality conno-tations and the academic level of JPR,efforts should be made on subject selection and planning,initiative collection of manuscripts, priority publishment to excellent manuscripts,shortening publication time-lag,etc.Additionally,a database of core authors and ex-perts should be established.

18.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1001-1004, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-672355

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the neural function analysis based on PET/CT imaging for the MRI negative localization in patients with refractory epilepsy.Methods 85 cases of drug refractory epilepsy patients (male 47,female 38,M/F:1.2 ︰ 1;age range from 6-35 years old),receiving head PET/CT conventional imaging in the interphase,compared to the normal PET cerebral metabolic databases.Surgery was carried out on the patients who with unilateral lobe of the brain,the efficacy was evaluated according to the Eagle standard.Results Epilepsy in unilateral was 63.5%(54/85 ),bilateral was 28.2%(24/85 )and unclear was 8.3%(7/85 ).6 months,12 months,18 months and 24 months later after surgery in patients who with unilateral lobe,the efficacy reaching the Eagle class Ⅰ and class Ⅱ standards was 61.1% (33/54),61.1% (33/54),61.1% (33/54),59.1% (29/49 ),respectively.Conclusion PET/CT neural function analysis could find epileptogenic zone which was negative in MRI imaging in patients with refractory epilepsy, is one of the important methods of preoperative localization.

19.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 752-757, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-504007

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the diagnostic value of mediastinal lymph node in non-small cell lung cancer using PET-CT by Meta-analysis. Methods Publications on mediastinal lymph node staging of non-small cell lung cancer by PET-CT published from January 2002 to January 2016 were filtered and assessed according to criteria from the PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library database. The number of true positive, false positive, false negative and true negative were extracted, meta-analysis was performed using STATA software, and receiver operating characteristic curve was applied, then area under the curve(AUC) was calculated. At last, heterogeneous sources were discussed and subgroup analyses were performed. Results Twenty-three relevant literatures(2 959 patients) were enrolled, the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity based on the patients were 0.66(0.55—0.75) and 0.84(0.79—0.89), AUC was 0.84 (0.80—0.87). The results of subgroup analysis suggested that pulmonary tuberculosis was one important factor that influenced the PET-CT diagnosis of mediastinal lymph node metastasis in NSCLC patients(P=0.01). Conclusions PET-CT has a high accuracy for the mediastinal lymph node staging in non-small cell lung cancer, and it is the recommendedexamination method in these patients. Patients who had suffered from pulmonary tuberculosis should be treated with caution.

20.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 101-104, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-488043

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the blood flow characteristics of the proximal pulmonary arteries in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) and idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) by 3.0T PC-MRI. Methods Twenty seven patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (7 IPAH patients and 20 CTEPH patients) were prospectively included. Twenty healthy volunteers were enrolled as the control group. All subjects underwent PC-MRI. PC-MRI derived parameters included peak, mean velocity and mean flow of main pulmonary artery (MPA), left/right pulmonary artery (LPA/RPA), left/right interlobar pulmonary artery (LIPA/RIPA). Right heart catheterization was performed in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension. The parameters among CTEPH, IPAH group and control group were compared by one way analysis of variance. Results There were significant differences for peak velocity, mean velocity and mean flow among CTEPH, IPAH group and control group (F=4.13—102.81, all P<0.05). There was significant difference for peak velocity in RPA between CTEPH[(32.0 ± 7.8)cm/s] and IPAH group[(50.0±15.0)cm/s]. There was no difference for mean velocity between CTEPH and IPAH group. The mean flow between CTEPH and IPAH group was statistically different[MPA: (74.3 ± 20.8) ml/s versus (61.3±16.7) ml/s, LPA:(29.3±12.7) ml/s versus (23.2±11.2) ml/s, RPA:(43.5±17.4) ml/s versus (56.8±13.5) ml/s, LIPA: (19.2 ± 8.0) ml/s versus (12.1 ± 5.8) ml/s, all P<0.05]. Conclusion There is significantly different characteristics for the hemodynamics of the proximal pulmonary arteries between CTEPH group and IPAH group. 3.0T PC-MRI may effectively detect the pulmonary hemodynamic changes.

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