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1.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1032-1041, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904273

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The ferric chloride (FeCl3)-induced thrombosis model is widely used for thrombosis research. However, it lacks standardization with uncertainty in the exact mechanism of thrombosis. This study aimed to characterize thrombus formation in a mouse model. @*Materials and Methods@#We investigated thrombus formation and stability using various FeCl3 concentrations (10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, and 50%, w/v) in carotid arteries of the Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) and C57BL/6N mice using the FeCl3-induced thrombosis model. We also investigated thrombus histopathology using immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy. @*Results@#Higher FeCl3 concentrations induced dose-dependent, faster, larger, and more stable thrombus formation in both strains of mice. However, the ICR mice showed better dose-responses in thrombus formation and stability compared to the C57BL/6N mice. Thrombi were fibrin- and platelet-rich without significant changes across FeCl3 concentrations. However, the content of red blood cells (RBCs) increased with increasing FeCl3 concentrations (p for trend <0.001) and inversely correlated with time to occlusion (r=-0.65, p<0.001). While platelets and fibrin were evenly distributed over the thrombus, RBCs were predominantly located near the FeCl3 treatment area. Transmission electron microscopy showed that RBCs attached to and were surrounded by aggregates of degranulated platelets, suggesting their potential role in platelet activation. @*Conclusion@#Faster and larger thrombus formation is induced in a dose-dependent manner by a wide range of FeCl3 concentrations, but the stable thrombus formation requires higher FeCl3 concentrations. Mouse strain affects thrombus formation and stability. RBCs and their interaction with platelets play a key role in the acceleration of FeCl3-induced thrombosis.

2.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 626-638, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901619

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Prior studies have shown that stroke patients treated with percutaneous left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) for non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) experience better outcomes than similar patients treated with warfarin. We investigated the impact of percutaneous left atrial appendage closure on post-stroke neurological outcomes in NVAF patients, compared with non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant (NOAC) therapy. @*Methods@#Medical records for 1,427 patients in multiple registries and for 1,792 consecutive patients at 6 Korean hospitals were reviewed with respect to LAAO or NOAC treatment.Stroke severity in patients who experienced ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack after either treatment was assessed with modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scoring at hospital discharge and at 3 and 12 months post-stroke. @*Results@#mRS scores were significantly lower in LAAO patients at 3 (p<0.01) and 12 months (p<0.01) post-stroke, despite no significant differences in scores before the ischemic cerebrovascular event (p=0.22). The occurrences of disabling ischemic stroke in the LAAO and NOAC groups were 36.7% and 44.2% at discharge (p=0.47), 23.3% and 44.2% at 3 months post-stroke (p=0.04), and 13.3% and 43.0% at 12 months post-stroke (p=0.01), respectively.Recovery rates for disabling ischemic stroke at discharge to 12 months post-stroke were significantly higher for LAAO patients (50.0%) than for NOAC patients (5.6%) (p<0.01). @*Conclusions@#Percutaneous LAAO was associated with more favorable neurological outcomes after ischemic cerebrovascular event than NOAC treatment.

3.
Journal of Stroke ; : 244-252, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900644

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose We aimed to develop a model predicting early recanalization after intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) treatment in large-vessel occlusion. @*Methods@#Using data from two different multicenter prospective cohorts, we determined the factors associated with early recanalization immediately after t-PA in stroke patients with large-vessel occlusion, and developed and validated a prediction model for early recanalization. Clot volume was semiautomatically measured on thin-section computed tomography using software, and the degree of collaterals was determined using the Tan score. Follow-up angiographic studies were performed immediately after t-PA treatment to assess early recanalization. @*Results@#Early recanalization, assessed 61.0±44.7 minutes after t-PA bolus, was achieved in 15.5% (15/97) in the derivation cohort and in 10.5% (8/76) in the validation cohort. Clot volume (odds ratio [OR], 0.979; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.961 to 0.997; P=0.020) and good collaterals (OR, 6.129; 95% CI, 1.592 to 23.594; P=0.008) were significant factors associated with early recanalization. The area under the curve (AUC) of the model including clot volume was 0.819 (95% CI, 0.720 to 0.917) and 0.842 (95% CI, 0.746 to 0.938) in the derivation and validation cohorts, respectively. The AUC improved when good collaterals were added (derivation cohort: AUC, 0.876; 95% CI, 0.802 to 0.950; P=0.164; validation cohort: AUC, 0.949; 95% CI, 0.886 to 1.000; P=0.036). The integrated discrimination improvement also showed significantly improved prediction (0.097; 95% CI, 0.009 to 0.185; P=0.032). @*Conclusions@#The model using clot volume and collaterals predicted early recanalization after intravenous t-PA and had a high performance. This model may aid in determining the recanalization treatment strategy in stroke patients with large-vessel occlusion.

4.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1032-1041, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896569

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The ferric chloride (FeCl3)-induced thrombosis model is widely used for thrombosis research. However, it lacks standardization with uncertainty in the exact mechanism of thrombosis. This study aimed to characterize thrombus formation in a mouse model. @*Materials and Methods@#We investigated thrombus formation and stability using various FeCl3 concentrations (10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, and 50%, w/v) in carotid arteries of the Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) and C57BL/6N mice using the FeCl3-induced thrombosis model. We also investigated thrombus histopathology using immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy. @*Results@#Higher FeCl3 concentrations induced dose-dependent, faster, larger, and more stable thrombus formation in both strains of mice. However, the ICR mice showed better dose-responses in thrombus formation and stability compared to the C57BL/6N mice. Thrombi were fibrin- and platelet-rich without significant changes across FeCl3 concentrations. However, the content of red blood cells (RBCs) increased with increasing FeCl3 concentrations (p for trend <0.001) and inversely correlated with time to occlusion (r=-0.65, p<0.001). While platelets and fibrin were evenly distributed over the thrombus, RBCs were predominantly located near the FeCl3 treatment area. Transmission electron microscopy showed that RBCs attached to and were surrounded by aggregates of degranulated platelets, suggesting their potential role in platelet activation. @*Conclusion@#Faster and larger thrombus formation is induced in a dose-dependent manner by a wide range of FeCl3 concentrations, but the stable thrombus formation requires higher FeCl3 concentrations. Mouse strain affects thrombus formation and stability. RBCs and their interaction with platelets play a key role in the acceleration of FeCl3-induced thrombosis.

5.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 626-638, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893915

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Prior studies have shown that stroke patients treated with percutaneous left atrial appendage occlusion (LAAO) for non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) experience better outcomes than similar patients treated with warfarin. We investigated the impact of percutaneous left atrial appendage closure on post-stroke neurological outcomes in NVAF patients, compared with non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulant (NOAC) therapy. @*Methods@#Medical records for 1,427 patients in multiple registries and for 1,792 consecutive patients at 6 Korean hospitals were reviewed with respect to LAAO or NOAC treatment.Stroke severity in patients who experienced ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack after either treatment was assessed with modified Rankin Scale (mRS) scoring at hospital discharge and at 3 and 12 months post-stroke. @*Results@#mRS scores were significantly lower in LAAO patients at 3 (p<0.01) and 12 months (p<0.01) post-stroke, despite no significant differences in scores before the ischemic cerebrovascular event (p=0.22). The occurrences of disabling ischemic stroke in the LAAO and NOAC groups were 36.7% and 44.2% at discharge (p=0.47), 23.3% and 44.2% at 3 months post-stroke (p=0.04), and 13.3% and 43.0% at 12 months post-stroke (p=0.01), respectively.Recovery rates for disabling ischemic stroke at discharge to 12 months post-stroke were significantly higher for LAAO patients (50.0%) than for NOAC patients (5.6%) (p<0.01). @*Conclusions@#Percutaneous LAAO was associated with more favorable neurological outcomes after ischemic cerebrovascular event than NOAC treatment.

6.
Journal of Stroke ; : 244-252, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892940

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose We aimed to develop a model predicting early recanalization after intravenous tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) treatment in large-vessel occlusion. @*Methods@#Using data from two different multicenter prospective cohorts, we determined the factors associated with early recanalization immediately after t-PA in stroke patients with large-vessel occlusion, and developed and validated a prediction model for early recanalization. Clot volume was semiautomatically measured on thin-section computed tomography using software, and the degree of collaterals was determined using the Tan score. Follow-up angiographic studies were performed immediately after t-PA treatment to assess early recanalization. @*Results@#Early recanalization, assessed 61.0±44.7 minutes after t-PA bolus, was achieved in 15.5% (15/97) in the derivation cohort and in 10.5% (8/76) in the validation cohort. Clot volume (odds ratio [OR], 0.979; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.961 to 0.997; P=0.020) and good collaterals (OR, 6.129; 95% CI, 1.592 to 23.594; P=0.008) were significant factors associated with early recanalization. The area under the curve (AUC) of the model including clot volume was 0.819 (95% CI, 0.720 to 0.917) and 0.842 (95% CI, 0.746 to 0.938) in the derivation and validation cohorts, respectively. The AUC improved when good collaterals were added (derivation cohort: AUC, 0.876; 95% CI, 0.802 to 0.950; P=0.164; validation cohort: AUC, 0.949; 95% CI, 0.886 to 1.000; P=0.036). The integrated discrimination improvement also showed significantly improved prediction (0.097; 95% CI, 0.009 to 0.185; P=0.032). @*Conclusions@#The model using clot volume and collaterals predicted early recanalization after intravenous t-PA and had a high performance. This model may aid in determining the recanalization treatment strategy in stroke patients with large-vessel occlusion.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874683

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose We aimed to determine whether the care process and outcomes in patients with acute stroke who received recanalization therapy changed during the outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in South Korea. @*Methods@#We used data from a prospective multicenter reperfusion therapy registry to compare the care process including the time from symptom onset to treatment, number of treated patients, and discharge disposition and treatment outcomes between before and during the COVID-19 outbreak in South Korea. @*Results@#Upon the COVID-19 outbreak in South Korea, the number of patients receiving endovascular treatment to decrease temporarily but considerably. The use of emergency medical services by stroke patients increased from 91.5% before to 100.0% during the COVID-19 outbreak (p=0.025), as did the median time from symptom onset to hospital visit [median (interquartile range), 91.0 minutes (39.8–277.0) vs. 176.0 minutes (56.0–391.5), p=0.029]. Furthermore, more functionally dependent patients with disabilities were discharged home (59.5% vs. 26.1%, p=0.020) rather than staying in a regional or rehabilitation hospital. In contrast, there were no COVID-19-related changes in the times from the hospital visit to brain imaging and treatment or in the functional outcome, successful recanalization rate, or rate of symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhage. @*Conclusions@#These findings suggest that a prehospital delay occurred during the COVID-19 outbreak, and that patients with acute stroke might have been reluctant to visit and stay in hospitals. Our findings indicate that attention should be paid to prehospital care and the behavior of patients with acute stroke during the COVID-19 outbreak.

8.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833669

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose: The incidence of ischemic stroke (IS) in young adults is increasing, and the associated large socioeconomic impact makes understanding IS in young adults important. We investigated the causes of and risk factors for IS in young adults, and their impact on outcomes. @*Methods@#The Stroke in Korean Young Adults (SKY) study is a standardized multicenter prospective study involving eight medical centers of the Republic of Korea. First-ever IS patients aged 18 years to 44 years were prospectively included in this study within 7 days of stroke onset.Their outcomes at 3 months were analyzed. @*Results@#This study enrolled 270 patients from April 2014 to December 2018, most (67.8%) of whom were male. About 41.5% of the patients had one or more vascular risk factors from among hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and dyslipidemia. However, only half of them had received regular treatment. Arterial dissection was more common in males, and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and Moyamoya disease were more common in females. The outcome was favorable (modified Rankin Scale score of 0 or 1) in 81.9% of the patients at 3 months after stroke onset. More severe initial symptoms, higher initial glucose level, and SLE as a comorbidity were associated with unfavorable outcomes. @*Conclusions@#Young adult IS patients in Korea exhibit low awareness and poor management of their risk factors. Although the short-term outcome was relatively favorable in those patients, having SLE was associated with unfavorable outcomes. More attention needs to be paid for improving awareness and controlling risk factors in this population.

9.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833514

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) fails in approximately 20% of anterior circulation large vessel occlusion (ACLVO).Nonetheless, the factors that affect clinical outcomes of non-recanalized AC-LVO despite EVT are less studied. Thepurpose of this study was to identify the factors affecting clinical outcomes in non-recanalized AC-LVO patients despite EVT. @*Materials and Methods@#This was a retrospective analysis of clinical and imaging data from 136 consecutive patients whodemonstrated recanalization failure (modified thrombolysis in cerebral ischemia [mTICI], 0–2a) despite EVT for AC-LVO. Datawere collected in prospectively maintained registries at 16 stroke centers. Collateral status was categorized into good or poorbased on the CT angiogram, and the mTICI was categorized as 0–1 or 2a on the final angiogram. Patients with good (modifiedRankin Scale [mRS], 0–2) and poor outcomes (mRS, 3–6) were compared in multivariate analysis to evaluate the factorsassociated with a good outcome. @*Results@#Thirty-five patients (25.7%) had good outcomes. The good outcome group was younger (odds ratio [OR], 0.962;95% confidence interval [CI], 0.932–0.992; p = 0.015), had a lower incidence of hypertension (OR, 0.380; 95% CI, 0.173–0.839; p = 0.017) and distal internal carotid artery involvement (OR, 0.149; 95% CI, 0.043–0.520; p = 0.003), lower initialNational Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) (OR, 0.789; 95% CI, 0.713–0.873; p < 0.001) and good collateral status(OR, 13.818; 95% CI, 3.971–48.090; p < 0.001). In multivariate analysis, the initial NIHSS (OR, 0.760; 95% CI, 0.638–0.905; p = 0.002), good collateral status (OR, 14.130; 95% CI, 2.264–88.212; p = 0.005) and mTICI 2a recanalization (OR,5.636; 95% CI, 1.216–26.119; p = 0.027) remained as independent factors with good outcome in non-recanalized patients. @*Conclusion@#Baseline NIHSS score, good collateral status, and mTICI 2a recanalization remained independently associatedwith clinical outcome in non-recanalized patients. mTICI 2a recanalization would benefit patients with good collaterals innon-recanalized AC-LVO patients despite EVT.

10.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 709-719, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832960

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#In acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI),on-site transmission of electrocardiogram (ECG) has been shown to reduce systemic timedelay to reperfusion and improve outcomes. However, it has not been adopted in communitybasedemergency transport system in Korea. @*Methods@#Busan Regional Cardio-cerebrovascular Center and Busan Metropolitan City Fireand Safety Headquarters (BMFSH) jointly developed and conducted a pre-hospital ECGtransmission program. Seven tertiary hospitals and 22 safety stations of BMFSH participated.Systemic time delay to reperfusion of STEMI patients in the program was compared with thatof 95 patients transported by 119 emergency medical system (EMS) before the program wasimplemented. @*Results@#During the study period, 289 ECG transmissions were made by 119 EMS personnel,executed within 5 minutes in 88.1% of cases. Of these, 42 ECGs were interpreted as STsegmentelevation. Final diagnosis of STEMI was made in 20 patients who underwent primarypercutaneous coronary intervention. With the program, systemic time delay to reperfusion wassignificantly reduced (median [interquartile range; IQR], 76.0 [62.2–98.7] vs. 90.0 [75.0–112.0],p<0.01). Significant reduction of door-to-balloon time was also observed (median [IQR], 45.0[34.0–69.5] vs. 58.0 [51.0–68.0], p=0.03). The proportion of patients with systemic time delayshorter than 90 minutes rose (51.6% vs. 75.0%, p=0.08) with pre-hospital ECG transmission. @*Conclusions@#We developed and implemented a community-based pre-hospital ECG transmission program for expeditious triage of STEMI patients. Significant reductions ofsystemic time delay and door-to-balloon time were observed. The expanded use of prehospitalECG transmission should be encouraged to realize the full potential of this program.

11.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 452-457, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832146

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Frequent bleeding after endoscopic resection (ER) has been reported in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). We aimed to evaluate the association and clinical significance of bleeding with ER in ESRD patients on dialysis. @*Methods@#Between February 2008 and December 2018, 7,571 patients, including 47 ESRD patients on dialysis who underwent ER for gastric neoplasia, were enrolled. A total of 47 ESRDpatients on dialysis were propensity score-matched 1:10 to 470 non-ESRD patients, to adjust for between-group differences in variables such as age, sex, comorbidities, anticoagulation use, tumor characteristics, and ER method. Matching was performed using an optimal matching algorithm. For the matched data, clustered comparisons were performed using the generalized estimating equation method. Medical records were retrospectively reviewed. Frequency and outcomes of post-ER bleeding were evaluated. @*Results@#Bleeding was more frequent in the ESRD with dialysis group than in the non-ESRD group. ESRD with dialysis conferred a significant risk of post-ER bleeding (odds ratio, 6.1; 95% confidence interval, 2.7–13.6; p<0.0001). All post-ER bleeding events were controlled using endoscopic hemostasis except in 1 non-ESRD case that needed surgery. @*Conclusions@#ESRD with dialysis confers a bleeding risk after ER. However, all bleeding events could be managed endoscopically without sequelae. Concern about bleeding should not stop endoscopists from performing ER in ESRD patients on dialysis.

12.
Journal of Stroke ; : 245-253, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834657

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose Nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis (NBTE) is a cause of stroke in cancer. However, clinical characteristics and outcomes in stroke patients with cancer-associated NBTE are not well known. @*Methods@#We included consecutive patients with stroke and active cancer over a 9-year period who underwent echocardiography. We retrospectively compared clinical characteristics and presence of metastasis between patients with NBTE, those with cryptogenic etiologies, and those with determined etiologies. We also investigated mortality and stroke events during the 6-month follow-up. @*Results@#Among the 245 patients, 20 had NBTE, 96 had cryptogenic etiologies, and 129 had determined etiologies. Metastasis was seen in all 20 patients (100%) with NBTE, 69.8% in patients with cryptogenic etiology, and 48.8% in patients with or determined etiology. During the 6-month follow-up, 127 patients (51.8%) developed stroke and/or died (death in 110 [44.9%] and stroke events in 55 [22.4%]). Patients with NBTE showed significantly higher mortality (80%) and stroke occurrence (50%) than those with cryptogenic etiologies (mortality 54.2%, stroke 25.0%, log-rank P=0.006) and determined etiologies (mortality 32.6%, stroke 16.3%, log-rank P @*Conclusions@#NBTE should be suspected as a potential cause of stroke in patients with metastatic cancer. Patients with NBTE have a high risk of recurrent stroke and mortality. Future studies are necessary to determine strategies to reduce stroke recurrence in patients with NBTE.

13.
Journal of Stroke ; : 64-75, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834643

ABSTRACT

Recent advances in endovascular thrombectomy have enabled the histopathologic analysis of fresh thrombi in patients with acute stroke. Histologic analysis has shown that the thrombus composition is very heterogeneous between patients. However, the distribution pattern of each thrombus component often differs between patients with cardiac thrombi and those with arterial thrombi, and the efficacy of endovascular thrombectomy is different according to the thrombus composition. Furthermore, the thrombus age is related to the efficacy of reperfusion therapy. Recent studies have shown that neutrophils and neutrophil extracellular traps contribute to thrombus formation and resistance to reperfusion therapy. Histologic features of thrombi in patients with stroke may provide some clues to stroke etiology, which is helpful for determining the strategy of stroke prevention. Research on thrombus may also be helpful for improving reperfusion therapy, including the development of new thrombolytic agents.

14.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1339-1349, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902391

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Compressed sensing (CS) has gained wide interest since it accelerates MRI acquisition. We aimed to compare the 3D post-contrast T1-weighted volumetric isotropic turbo spin echo acquisition (VISTA) with CS (VISTA-CS) and without CS (VISTA-nonCS) in intracranial vessel wall MRIs (VW-MRI). @*Materials and Methods@#From April 2017 to July 2018, 72 patients who underwent VW-MRI, including both VISTA-CS and VISTAnonCS, were retrospectively enrolled. Wall and lumen volumes, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) were measured from normal and lesion sites. Two neuroradiologists independently evaluated overall image quality and degree of normal and lesion wall delineation with a four-point scale (scores ≥ 3 defined as acceptable). @*Results@#Scan coverage was increased in VISTA-CS to cover both anterior and posterior circulations with a slightly shorter scan time compared to VISTA-nonCS (approximately 7 minutes vs. 8 minutes). Wall and lumen volumes were not significantly different with VISTA-CS or VISTA-nonCS (interclass correlation coefficient = 0.964–0.997). SNR was or trended towards significantly higher values in VISTA-CS than in VISTA-nonCS. At normal sites, CNR was not significantly different between two sequences (p = 0.907), whereas VISTA-CS provided lower CNR in lesion sites compared with VISTA-nonCS (p = 0.003). Subjective wall delineation was superior with VISTA-nonCS than with VISTA-CS (p = 0.019), although overall image quality did not differ (p = 0.297). The proportions of images with acceptable quality were not significantly different between VISTA-CS (83.3–97.8%) and VISTA-nonCS (75–100%). @*Conclusion@#CS may be useful for intracranial VW-MRI as it allows for larger scan coverage with slightly shorter scan time without compromising image quality.

15.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1339-1349, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894687

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Compressed sensing (CS) has gained wide interest since it accelerates MRI acquisition. We aimed to compare the 3D post-contrast T1-weighted volumetric isotropic turbo spin echo acquisition (VISTA) with CS (VISTA-CS) and without CS (VISTA-nonCS) in intracranial vessel wall MRIs (VW-MRI). @*Materials and Methods@#From April 2017 to July 2018, 72 patients who underwent VW-MRI, including both VISTA-CS and VISTAnonCS, were retrospectively enrolled. Wall and lumen volumes, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) were measured from normal and lesion sites. Two neuroradiologists independently evaluated overall image quality and degree of normal and lesion wall delineation with a four-point scale (scores ≥ 3 defined as acceptable). @*Results@#Scan coverage was increased in VISTA-CS to cover both anterior and posterior circulations with a slightly shorter scan time compared to VISTA-nonCS (approximately 7 minutes vs. 8 minutes). Wall and lumen volumes were not significantly different with VISTA-CS or VISTA-nonCS (interclass correlation coefficient = 0.964–0.997). SNR was or trended towards significantly higher values in VISTA-CS than in VISTA-nonCS. At normal sites, CNR was not significantly different between two sequences (p = 0.907), whereas VISTA-CS provided lower CNR in lesion sites compared with VISTA-nonCS (p = 0.003). Subjective wall delineation was superior with VISTA-nonCS than with VISTA-CS (p = 0.019), although overall image quality did not differ (p = 0.297). The proportions of images with acceptable quality were not significantly different between VISTA-CS (83.3–97.8%) and VISTA-nonCS (75–100%). @*Conclusion@#CS may be useful for intracranial VW-MRI as it allows for larger scan coverage with slightly shorter scan time without compromising image quality.

16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766772

ABSTRACT

Infective endocarditis (IE) is not a common cause of stroke. Considering the high mortality rates, however, IE should always be considered as a possible cause of stroke even when the chances are low. Atrioesophageal fistula is a life-threatening condition that can cause IE and subsequent stroke, but the diagnosis is often delayed due to its rarity. We report a case of multiple embolic infarcts caused by infective endocarditis associated with atrioesophageal fistula after radiofrequency catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation.


Subject(s)
Atrial Fibrillation , Catheter Ablation , Diagnosis , Endocarditis , Esophageal Fistula , Fistula , Mortality , Stroke
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758956

ABSTRACT

A 10-year-old male spotted seal presented with loss of appetite and decreased activity. Grossly, the internal organs revealed several filarial nematodes in the right ventricle of the heart and the pulmonary vessels. Histopathological examination of the brain revealed moderate nonsuppurative meningoencephalitis with glial nodules and neuronophagia. Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) of genotype I was isolated from the brain. All nematodes were identified as Dirofilaria immitis. This is the first clinical case of co-infection with D. immitis and JEV in a seal, suggesting that the seal, may be a dead-end host, like the human and horse, for JEV.


Subject(s)
Appetite , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Brain , Child , Coinfection , Dirofilaria immitis , Dirofilaria , Encephalitis Virus, Japanese , Encephalitis, Japanese , Genotype , Heart , Heart Ventricles , Horses , Humans , Male , Meningoencephalitis , Republic of Korea
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719462

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the fate of abstracts presented at scientific meetings of the Korean College of Rheumatology (KCR). METHODS: This study examined the abstracts presented at annual meetings of the KCR from 2005 to 2014. Only original studies were selected, excluding case reports. A manual search was conducted using PubMed, KoreaMed, Cochrane Library, and Embase to track the published articles. The abstracts were considered to have been published if the authors, title, study design, and results were the same for a published article. In addition, they were considered published if the author and the study design matched, even if the results of the abstract and the results of the published articles were not identical. RESULTS: A total of 928 abstracts from 2005 to 2014 were analyzed. Of the 928 abstracts, 468 (50.43%) abstracts were published in a peer-reviewed journal and the mean time to publication was 19 months. Of the 468 abstracts, 414 were published in a science citation index extended (SCI[E]) journal, and 54 were published in non-SCI(E) journals. The proportion of SCI(E) articles increased annually. The average impact factor for the SCI(E) journals was 2.93. In subgroup analysis, the abstracts that were awarded the best oral or best poster presentation were more likely to be published as full-length articles with a higher impact factor than the abstracts not awarded. CONCLUSION: Half of the abstracts presented in the KCR annual meetings were published in a peer-reviewed journal. Approximately 90% of the articles were published in a SCI(E) journal.


Subject(s)
Awards and Prizes , Korea , Publications , Rheumatology
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766714

ABSTRACT

Ischemic stroke caused by the cerebral vasculopathy is a rare complication of polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal gammopathy, and skin changes (POEMS) syndrome. We present a case of recurrent ischemic strokes caused by cerebral vasculopathy in a patient with POEMS syndrome. A 34-year-old man presented with gait disturbance and dizziness. Brain magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated acute ischemic stroke in the middle cerebral artery-anterior cerebral artery (MCA-ACA) border zones of bilateral hemispheres. Repeated angiographic studies showed progressive worsening of the left distal internal carotid artery, ACA, and MCA stenoses, along with sustained steno-occlusion of right MCA.


Subject(s)
Adult , Brain , Carotid Artery, Internal , Cerebral Arteries , Constriction, Pathologic , Dizziness , Gait , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Paraproteinemias , POEMS Syndrome , Polyneuropathies , Skin , Stroke , Vascular Diseases
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