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1.
Journal of the Korean Society of Laryngology Phoniatrics and Logopedics ; : 56-63, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901238

ABSTRACT

Laryngopharyngeal reflux disease (LPRD) is an inflammatory condition of the upper aerodigestive tract mucosa induced by reflux content from stomach. Some of vocal cord diseases are associated with laryngopharyngeal reflux. Because of the pathophysiological features, proton pump inhibitor shows therapeutic effect on some vocal cord diseases. As like that, the gastric reflux contents can make macroscopic or microscopic morphological changes in the upper aerodigestive tract mucosa. Although the pathophysiology of LPRD is relatively clear, clinical diagnosis is still difficult. The diagnosis of LPRD includes objective tests such as 24-hours multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH metry and subjective tests such as questionnaire method. However, the objective verification of reflux is difficult due to invasiveness of the method, and the questionnaire methods have limitations because many symptoms are not specific for LPRD. Moreover, most methods are not fully standardized until now. Despite these limitations, many researchers are struggling to standardize diagnosis and treatment of LPRD, and there are several new achievements recently. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to review the recent literature on the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of LPRD, and to systematize our knowledge.

2.
Journal of the Korean Society of Laryngology Phoniatrics and Logopedics ; : 48-50, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901222

ABSTRACT

More than half of patients presenting with hoarseness show benign vocal cord changes. However, in rare cases with benign mucosal lesions, it can be diagnosed as a malignant disease after histopathological examination. A 53-year-old man with a 30-pack-year smoking history was admitted for the evaluation of hoarseness, and using a laryngoscope, an enclosed, sac-like cystic lesion was detected on the midpoint of the right true vocal cord. The cystic lesion was deemed to be an intracordal cyst and treated with laryngeal microsurgery. However, pathological findings showed squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx arising in the intracordal cyst, which is exceptionally rare. Therefore, even if a benign lesion is initially suspected, a biopsy must be performed on a patient with smoking history to confirm the diagnosis. In conclusion, we report a case of squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx arising in the intracordal cyst.

3.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1004-1014, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913806

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) has increased, and staging and optimal therapeutic approaches are challenging. A questionnaire survey was conducted to investigate the controversial treatment policy of stage T2 OPC according to the N category and determine the opinions of multidisciplinary experts in Korea. @*Materials and Methods@#Five OPC scenarios were developed by the Subcommittee on Oropharyngeal Treatment Guidelines of the Korean Society for Head and Neck Oncology and distributed to experts of multidisciplinary treatment hospitals. @*Results@#Sixty-five experts from 45 institutions responded. For the HPV-positive T2N0M0 scenario, 67.7% of respondents selected surgery followed by definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) or radiotherapy alone. For the T2N1M0 HPV-positive scenario, there was a notable difference in the selection of primary treatment by expert specialty; 53.9% of respondents selected surgery and 39.8% selected definitive CCRT as the primary treatment. For the T2N3M0 advanced HPV-positive scenario, 50.0% of respondents selected CCRT and 33.3% considered induction chemotherapy (IC) as the primary treatment. CCRT and IC were significantly more frequently selected for the HPV-related OPC cases (p=0.010). The interdepartmental variability showed that the head and neck surgeons and medical oncologists favored surgery, whereas the radiation oncologists preferably selected definitive CCRT (p < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#In this study, surgery was preferred for lymph node-negative OPC, and as lymph node metastasis progressed, CCRT tended to be preferred, and IC was administered. Clinical practice patterns by stage and HPV status showed differences according to expert specialty. Multidisciplinary consensus guidelines will be essential in the future.

4.
Journal of Rhinology ; : 89-93, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900605

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Biomarkers of allergic rhinitis (AR) have been studied; however, little is known regarding their practical application in the diagnosis of AR. Previous studies collected samples using saline lavage, nasal brushing, or nasal biopsy. To utilize nasal fluid as a diagnostic tool, we need to standardize the method of sample collection. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the difference in concentration of biomarkers depending on the method of nasal fluid collection.Materials and Method: Forty-five AR patients who had greater than moderate AR symptoms and who had positive results on skin prick test and serum-specific IgE tests were enrolled in this study. Nasal fluid was collected using the direct method or saline lavage method. The concentration of each biomarker was analyzed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and the values compared. @*Results@#Nasal fluid samples were collected directly from 14 patients and were collected via saline lavage in 31 patients. No significant differences were found in the median value of each biomarker between the two methods of nasal sample collection. @*Conclusion@#Nasal fluid collection method does not significantly affect biomarker concentration.

5.
Journal of the Korean Society of Laryngology Phoniatrics and Logopedics ; : 56-63, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893534

ABSTRACT

Laryngopharyngeal reflux disease (LPRD) is an inflammatory condition of the upper aerodigestive tract mucosa induced by reflux content from stomach. Some of vocal cord diseases are associated with laryngopharyngeal reflux. Because of the pathophysiological features, proton pump inhibitor shows therapeutic effect on some vocal cord diseases. As like that, the gastric reflux contents can make macroscopic or microscopic morphological changes in the upper aerodigestive tract mucosa. Although the pathophysiology of LPRD is relatively clear, clinical diagnosis is still difficult. The diagnosis of LPRD includes objective tests such as 24-hours multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH metry and subjective tests such as questionnaire method. However, the objective verification of reflux is difficult due to invasiveness of the method, and the questionnaire methods have limitations because many symptoms are not specific for LPRD. Moreover, most methods are not fully standardized until now. Despite these limitations, many researchers are struggling to standardize diagnosis and treatment of LPRD, and there are several new achievements recently. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to review the recent literature on the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment of LPRD, and to systematize our knowledge.

6.
Journal of the Korean Society of Laryngology Phoniatrics and Logopedics ; : 48-50, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893518

ABSTRACT

More than half of patients presenting with hoarseness show benign vocal cord changes. However, in rare cases with benign mucosal lesions, it can be diagnosed as a malignant disease after histopathological examination. A 53-year-old man with a 30-pack-year smoking history was admitted for the evaluation of hoarseness, and using a laryngoscope, an enclosed, sac-like cystic lesion was detected on the midpoint of the right true vocal cord. The cystic lesion was deemed to be an intracordal cyst and treated with laryngeal microsurgery. However, pathological findings showed squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx arising in the intracordal cyst, which is exceptionally rare. Therefore, even if a benign lesion is initially suspected, a biopsy must be performed on a patient with smoking history to confirm the diagnosis. In conclusion, we report a case of squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx arising in the intracordal cyst.

7.
Journal of Rhinology ; : 89-93, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892901

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Biomarkers of allergic rhinitis (AR) have been studied; however, little is known regarding their practical application in the diagnosis of AR. Previous studies collected samples using saline lavage, nasal brushing, or nasal biopsy. To utilize nasal fluid as a diagnostic tool, we need to standardize the method of sample collection. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the difference in concentration of biomarkers depending on the method of nasal fluid collection.Materials and Method: Forty-five AR patients who had greater than moderate AR symptoms and who had positive results on skin prick test and serum-specific IgE tests were enrolled in this study. Nasal fluid was collected using the direct method or saline lavage method. The concentration of each biomarker was analyzed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and the values compared. @*Results@#Nasal fluid samples were collected directly from 14 patients and were collected via saline lavage in 31 patients. No significant differences were found in the median value of each biomarker between the two methods of nasal sample collection. @*Conclusion@#Nasal fluid collection method does not significantly affect biomarker concentration.

8.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 186-193, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831316

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. This study was conducted to compare clinicopathologic and radiologic factors between benign and malignant thyroid nodules and to evaluate the diagnostic performance of shear wave elastography (SWE) combined with B-mode ultrasonography (US) in differentiating malignant from benign thyroid nodules. @*Methods@#. This retrospective study included 92 consecutive patients with 95 thyroid nodules examined on B-mode US and SWE before US-guided fine-needle aspiration biopsy or surgical excision. B-mode US findings (composition, echogenicity, margin, shape, and calcification) and SWE elasticity parameters (maximum [Emax], mean, minimum, and nodule-to-normal parenchymal ratio of elasticity) were reviewed and compared between benign and malignant thyroid nodules. The diagnostic performance of B-mode US and SWE for predicting malignant thyroid nodules was analyzed. The optimal cutoff values of elasticity parameters for identifying malignancy were determined. Diagnostic performance was compared between B-mode US only, SWE only, and the combination of B-mode US with SWE. @*Results@#. On multivariate logistic regression analysis, age (odds ratio [OR], 0.90; P=0.028), a taller-than-wide shape (OR, 11.3; P=0.040), the presence of calcifications (OR, 15.0; P=0.021), and Emax (OR, 1.22; P=0.021) were independent predictors of malignancy in thyroid nodules. The combined use of B-mode US findings and SWE yielded improvements in sensitivity, the positive predictive value, the negative predictive value, and accuracy compared with the use of B-mode US findings only, but with no statistical significance. @*Conclusion@#. When SWE was combined with B-mode US, the diagnostic performance was better than when only B-mode US was used, although the difference was not statistically significant.

9.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 299-307, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831290

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. This study was conducted to investigate the current practices of Asian otolaryngologists for laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR). @*Methods@#. An online survey about LPR was sent to 2,000 members of Asian otolaryngological societies, and a subgroup analysis was performed between Western and Eastern Asian otolaryngologists. The survey was conducted by the Laryngopharyngeal Reflux Study Group of Young Otolaryngologists of the International Federation of Oto-rhino-laryngological Societies. @*Results@#. Among approximately 1,600 Asian otolaryngologists, 146 completed the survey (62 from Western Asian countries, 84 from Eastern Asian countries). A substantial majority (73.3%) of the otolaryngologists considered LPR and gastroesophageal reflux disease to be different diseases. The symptoms thought to be closely related to LPR were coughing after lying down, throat clearing, and globus sensation. The findings thought to be closely related to LPR were posterior commissure granulations and hypertrophy, arytenoids, and laryngeal erythema. The respondents indicated that they mostly diagnosed LPR (70%) after an empirical therapeutic trial of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). Although multichannel intraluminal impedance-pH (MII-pH) monitoring is a useful tool for diagnosing nonacid or mixed LPR, 78% of Asian otolaryngologists never or very rarely used MII-pH. Eastern Asian otolaryngologists more frequently used once-daily PPIs (64.3% vs. 45.2%, P=0.021), whereas Western Asian otolaryngologists preferred to use twice-daily PPIs (58.1% vs. 39.3%, P=0.025). The poor dietary habits of patients were considered to be the main reason for therapeutic failure by Asian otolaryngologists (53.8%). Only 48.6% of Asian otolaryngologists considered themselves to be adequately knowledgeable and skilled regarding LPR. @*Conclusion@#. Significant differences exist between Western and Eastern Asian otolaryngologists in the diagnosis and treatment of LPR. Future consensus statements are needed to establish diagnostic criteria and therapeutic regimens.

10.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 99-108, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837096

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The probability of recurrence of cancer after adjuvant or definitive radiotherapy in patients with human papillomavirus-negative (HPV(–)) head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) varies for each patient. This study aimed to identify and validate radiation sensitivity signature (RSS) of patients with HPV(–) HNSCC to predict the recurrence of cancer after radiotherapy. @*Materials and Methods@#Clonogenic survival assays were performed to assess radiosensitivity in 14 HNSCC cell lines. We identified genes closely correlated with radiosensitivity and validated them in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) cohort. The validated RSS were analyzed by ingenuity pathway analysis (IPA) to identify canonical pathways, upstream regulators, diseases and functions, and gene networks related to radiosensitive genes in HPV(–) HNSCC. @*Results@#The survival fraction of 14 HNSCC cell lines after exposure to 2 Gy of radiation ranged from 48% to 72%. Six genes were positively correlated and 35 genes were negatively correlated with radioresistance, respectively. RSS was validated in the HPV(–) TCGA HNSCC cohort (n = 203), and recurrence-free survival (RFS) rate was found to be significantly lower in the radioresistant group than in the radiosensitive group (p = 0.035). Cell death and survival, cell-to-cell signaling, and cellular movement were significantly enriched in RSS, and RSSs were highly correlated with each other. @*Conclusion@#We derived a HPV(–) HNSCC-specific RSS and validated it in an independent cohort. The outcome of adjuvant or definitive radiotherapy in HPV(–) patients with HNSCC can be predicted by analyzing their RSS, which might help in establishing a personalized therapeutic plan.

11.
Journal of the Korean Society of Laryngology Phoniatrics and Logopedics ; : 136-138, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916556

ABSTRACT

Recently, negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has been reported to be effective for the treatment of cervical infections including retropharyngeal abscess. The 71-year-old woman with retropharyngeal abscess presented in this case showed improvement of infection through long-term NPWT. She continued to complain of swallowing difficulties after recovery. In this case, we performed the transcutaneous injection of botulinum toxin at the cricopharyngeus muscle for the patient who developed dysphagia after treatment for retropharyngeal abscess and observed improvement in swallowing.

12.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 205-209, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716890

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To examine the factors which affect the improvement or the recurrence of disease after intralesional steroid injection in patients with oral lichen planus (OLP). METHODS: Sixty-two patients diagnosed as OLP were treated with intralesion corticosteroid injection. To evaluate the objective severity of OLP, total severity score of OLP was assessed. To examine the factors affecting the therapeutic effect of intralesional steroid injection, factors were compared between the symptom-improved group and symptom-not-improved group. To assess the symptom of patients, patients filled in 10-cm visual analogue scale, along with an Oral Health Impact Profile-14. RESULTS: Symptoms improved in 50 patients (80.6%, symptom-improved group), but not in 12 patients (symptom-not-improved group). In a comparison between both group, OLP with lip involvement was the only variable which showed significant difference (P=0.008). Twenty-nine of 50 patients had recurrence of OLP (58%, recurrence group) and 21 of 50 patients did not have recurrence (42%, no-recurrence group). Statistically significant differences were not found between both groups. CONCLUSION: This study suggested that patients suffering from OLP with lesion on the lip might not be effective in treating with intralesional corticosteroid injection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lichen Planus, Oral , Lip , Oral Health , Recurrence
13.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 141-145, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715063

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To analyze laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) as an acidic, nonacidic, or mixed type according to 24-hour multi-channel intraluminal impedance (MII) pH monitoring and the clinical characteristics of each type. METHODS: Ninety patients were prospectively enrolled in this study. All patients underwent 24-hour MII pH monitoring as a diagnostic tool. Eighty-three patients were diagnosed with LPR. The patients were classified into three groups according to the pH of the hypopharyngeal probe: the acid reflux group, nonacid reflux group, and mixed reflux group. Subjective symptoms and objective findings were evaluated based on patients' responses to the Short Form 12 Survey (SF-12), LPR health-related quality of life (LPR-HRQOL), reflux symptom index, and reflux finding score. RESULTS: The results of each group were compared. As a result, 34 patients were classified into the nonacid reflux group and 49 into the mixed reflux group. There were no patients classified as having acid reflux alone. There was no significant difference between the two groups when comparing the reflux symptom index, reflux finding score, LPR-HRQOL, or the mental component score of the SF-12. However, the physical component score of the SF-12 was higher in the nonacid reflux group (P=0.018). The DeMeester composite score (P=0.015) and total number of LPR events (P=0.001) were lower in the nonacid reflux group than in the mixed reflux group. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, no LPR patient had only acid reflux. The nonacid reflux LPR patients showed similar clinical characteristics and findings compared to the mixed reflux group, but exhibited significantly fewer LPR episodes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Electric Impedance , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Laryngopharyngeal Reflux , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life
14.
Journal of the Korean Society of Laryngology Phoniatrics and Logopedics ; : 98-102, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758506

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Detection of vascular abnormalities in vocal cord (VC) leukoplakia is important for the diagnosis of neoplastic change of the mucosa. The aim of this study was to investigate the value of i-scan in the differential diagnosis of VC leukoplakia based on visualization of abnormal vascular features. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-two patients with leukoplakia were enrolled in the study. Images of their larynx obtained using conventional white light endoscopy and an i-scan-enhanced endoscopy (Pentax DEFINA EPK-3000 Video Processors, with Pentax VNLJ10) were reviewed. The microvascular features of the lesions and vascular changes were analyzed and the results were compared with the histopathologic diagnosis. RESULTS: Among the 52 leukoplakia patients, 7 (13.5%) patients had squamous hyperplasia, 10 (19.3%) mild dysplasia, 2 (3.8%) moderate dysplasia, 14 (26.9%) severe dysplasia, 4 (7.7%) carcinoma in situ, and 15 (28.8%) invasive squamous cell carcinoma on histopathologic examination. Using i-scan-enhanced endoscopy, abnormal vascular change with neoplastic neoangiogenesis was detected in most cases of malignant VC lesion [severe dysplasia : 9/14 (64.3%), carcinoma in situ: 2/4 (50.0%), and invasive squamous cell carcinoma : 11/15 (73.4%)]. CONCLUSION: i-scan-enhanced endoscopy is a useful optical technique for the diagnosis of VC leukoplakia. Our results suggest that i-scan may be a promising diagnostic tool in the early detection of laryngeal cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma in Situ , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Endoscopy , Hyperplasia , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Larynx , Leukoplakia , Mucous Membrane , Vocal Cords
15.
Journal of the Korean Society of Laryngology Phoniatrics and Logopedics ; : 41-43, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758495

ABSTRACT

“Saber-sheath” trachea is a deformity of lower cervical or intrathoracic trachea. The configuration of the deformity is marked coronal narrowing associated with sagittal widening. This deformity is associated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. We report a case of patient with saber-sheath who underwent total laryngectomy. Although the patient had no tracheal collapse after the total laryngectomy, crusted discharge was increased. Diagnosis of the saber-sheath trachea, possible causes, and clinical implications are discussed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Congenital Abnormalities , Diagnosis , Laryngectomy , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Trachea
16.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1217-1219, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-210884

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Deglutition Disorders , Esophageal Sphincter, Upper , Suicide
17.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 570-574, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-651303

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To compare the simple spitting method and the Salivette® method of collecting saliva for detecting pepsin in patients with laryngopharyngeal reflux disease (LPRD). SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Thirty-two patients diagnosed with LPRD by 24 hour multichannel intraluminal impedance and pH monitoring were enrolled prospectively. The amounts of pepsin in saliva determined by the simple spitting method and the Salivette® method were compared. RESULTS: Simple spitting showed higher sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value. There was no statistically significant difference between the amount of pepsin detected by simple spitting (10.07±11.68 ng/mL) versus that detected using the Salivette® method (7.09±7.27 ng/mL) (p=0.258). CONCLUSIONS: The simple spitting method has higher sensitivity, specificity and accuracy than the Salivette® method for detecting pepsin in patients with LPRD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Electric Impedance , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Laryngopharyngeal Reflux , Methods , Pepsin A , Prospective Studies , Saliva , Sensitivity and Specificity
18.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 140-142, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-190397

ABSTRACT

Penetrating neck injuries constitute 5-10% of all trauma cases. These injuries may cause life-threatening suppurative or vascular complications, but the severity and extent of damage depends upon the inflicting object and the involved structures. If significant complications are not expected, then it is best to leave the foreign body embedded and avoid surgical risks. We present a rare case of a foreign body embedded in the neck causing tinnitus and foreign body sensation.


Subject(s)
Foreign Bodies , Neck Injuries , Neck , Sensation , Tinnitus
19.
Journal of Korean Thyroid Association ; : 110-114, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-41514

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Ultrasonography is a safe and noninvasive imaging modality with high sensitivity that can be used to identify the presence, location, and size of thyroid nodules. Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy of thyroid nodules is a minimally invasive and safe procedure that is usually performed on an outpatient basis. The purpose of this study was to investigate the diagnostic efficacy of ultrasonography performed by an otolaryngologist (OUS) and OUS-guided FNA for the thyroid and determine the clinical value of OUS in predicting the presence of malignancy in thyroid nodules. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single otolaryngologist examined 151 consecutive patients referred to our institution and performed OUS or OUS-guided FNA biopsies on all of them in an office setting. Final diagnosis was based on the FNA biopsy or pathological result of operation. We used the following parameters to assess the relevance of the sonographic findings in the prediction of thyroid malignancy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV) and relative risk (RR). RESULTS: In total, 12.9% of all the patients showed malignancy. The PPVs for the sonographic features were as follows: a taller-than-wide shape, 63.6%; marked hypoechogenicity, 61.5%; microcalcification, 46.7%; microcalcification or macrocalcification, 44.0%; and spiculated margin, 38.2%. The RR values showed that microcalcification or macrocalcification (p<0.05, RR=7.2) and marked hypoechogenicity (p<0.05, RR=6.7) are significant findings that indicate thyroid malignancy. CONCLUSION: Microcalcification or macrocalcification and marked hypoechogenicity observed on OUS are significant finding that indicate thyroid malignancy, and the most reliable finding are microcalcification or macrocalcification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Diagnosis , Outpatients , Sensitivity and Specificity , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Nodule , Ultrasonography
20.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1373-1377, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-44046

ABSTRACT

There are little information on prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and clinical features in the young military population. The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of snoring and high risk of OSAS in young male soldiers in Korea and to identify the risk factors of OSAS. A total of 665 participants (aged 20-23 yr) who visited the Armed Forces Ildong Hospital for regular physical examination were enrolled. All participants completed the Berlin Questionnaire and underwent a physical examination. The participants with high risk for OSAS completed portable sleep monitoring. The prevalence of snoring and high risk of OSAS in young male soldiers in Korea was 13.5% and 8.1%, respectively. The prevalence of high arched palate, tongue indentation, long uvula, large tonsil and retrognathia was significantly higher in the high risk OSAS group. High arched palate, long uvula or low lying soft palate, tonsil size III or IV, Epworth Sleepiness Scale score > 10 and obesity (BMI > 27 kg/m2) were found to independently predict OSAS. For early identification and treatment of young soldiers with OSAS in a military environment, a precise screening by questionnaire and physical examination is needed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Asian People , Body Mass Index , Logistic Models , Military Personnel , Odds Ratio , Palate/anatomy & histology , Palatine Tonsil/anatomy & histology , Polysomnography , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Republic of Korea , Retrognathia/physiopathology , Risk Factors , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/epidemiology , Snoring/epidemiology , Uvula/anatomy & histology
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