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1.
Ultrasonography ; : 111-120, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969251

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Although the taller-than-wide (TTW) sign has been regarded as one of the most specific ultrasound (US) features of thyroid malignancy, uncertainty still exists regarding the US probe’s orientation when evaluating it. This study investigated which US plane would be optimal to identify the TTW sign based on malignancy risk stratification using a registry-based imaging dataset. @*Methods@#A previous study by 17 academic radiologists retrospectively analyzed the US images of 5,601 thyroid nodules (≥1 cm, 1,089 malignant and 4,512 benign) collected in the webbased registry of Thyroid Imaging Network of Korea through the collaboration of 26 centers. The present study assessed the diagnostic performance of the TTW sign itself and fine needle aspiration (FNA) indications via a comparison of four international guidelines, depending on the orientation of the US probe (criterion 1, transverse plane; criterion 2, either transverse or longitudinal plane). @*Results@#Overall, the TTW sign was more frequent in malignant than in benign thyroid nodules (25.3% vs. 4.6%). However, the statistical differences between criteria 1 and 2 were negligible for sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve (AUC) based on the size effect (all P0.05, respectively). @*Conclusion@#A longitudinal US probe orientation provided little additional diagnostic value over the transverse orientation in detecting the TTW sign of thyroid nodules.

2.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 840-860, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902467

ABSTRACT

Imaging plays a key role in the diagnosis and characterization of thyroid diseases, and the information provided by imaging studies is essential for management planning. A referral guideline for imaging studies may help physicians make reasonable decisions and minimize the number of unnecessary examinations. The Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology (KSThR) developed imaging guidelines for thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer using an adaptation process through a collaboration between the National Evidence-based Healthcare Collaborating Agency and the working group of KSThR, which is composed of radiologists specializing in thyroid imaging. When evidence is either insufficient or equivocal, expert opinion may supplement the available evidence for recommending imaging. Therefore, we suggest rating the appropriateness of imaging for specific clinical situations in this guideline.

3.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 840-860, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894763

ABSTRACT

Imaging plays a key role in the diagnosis and characterization of thyroid diseases, and the information provided by imaging studies is essential for management planning. A referral guideline for imaging studies may help physicians make reasonable decisions and minimize the number of unnecessary examinations. The Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology (KSThR) developed imaging guidelines for thyroid nodules and differentiated thyroid cancer using an adaptation process through a collaboration between the National Evidence-based Healthcare Collaborating Agency and the working group of KSThR, which is composed of radiologists specializing in thyroid imaging. When evidence is either insufficient or equivocal, expert opinion may supplement the available evidence for recommending imaging. Therefore, we suggest rating the appropriateness of imaging for specific clinical situations in this guideline.

4.
Ultrasonography ; : 594-601, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919533

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study compared the diagnostic performance of the modified Korean Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (K-TIRADS) for thyroid malignancy with three international guidelines. @*Methods@#From June to September 2015, 5,708 thyroid nodules (≥1.0 cm) in 5,081 consecutive patients who underwent thyroid ultrasound (US) at 26 institutions were evaluated. The US features of the thyroid nodules were retrospectively reviewed and classified according to all four guidelines. In the modified K-TIRADS, the biopsy size threshold was changed to 2.0 cm for K-TIRADS 3 and 1.0 or 1.5 cm for K-TIRADS 4 (K-TIRADS1.0cm and K-TIRADS1.5cm, respectively). We compared the diagnostic performance and unnecessary fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) rates for thyroid malignancy between the modified K-TIRADS and three international guidelines. @*Results@#Of the 5,708 thyroid nodules, 4,597 (80.5%) were benign and 1,111 (19.5%) were malignant. The overall sensitivity was highest for the modified K-TIRADS1.0cm (91.0%), followed by the European (EU)-TIRADS (84.6%), American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists/American College of Endocrinology/Associazione Medici Endocrinologi (AACE/ACE/AME) (80.5%), American College of Radiology (ACR)-TIRADS (76.1%), and modified K-TIRADS1.5cm (76.1%). For large nodules (>2.0 cm), the sensitivity increased to 98.0% in both the modified K-TIRADS1.0cm and K-TIRADS1.5cm. For small nodules (≤2.0 cm), the unnecessary FNAB rate was lowest with the modified K-TIRADS1.5cm (17.6%), followed by the ACR-TIRADS (18.6%), AACE/ACE/AME (19.3%), EU-TIRADS (28.1%), and modified K-TIRADS1.0cm (31.2%). @*Conclusion@#The modified K-TIRADS1.5cm can reduce the unnecessary FNAB rate for small nodules (1.0-2.0 cm), while maintaining high sensitivity for detecting malignancies >2.0 cm.

5.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 2094-2123, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918179

ABSTRACT

Incidental thyroid nodules are commonly detected on ultrasonography (US). This has contributed to the rapidly rising incidence of low-risk papillary thyroid carcinoma over the last 20 years. The appropriate diagnosis and management of these patients is based on the risk factors related to the patients as well as the thyroid nodules. The Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology (KSThR) published consensus recommendations for US-based management of thyroid nodules in 2011 and revised them in 2016. These guidelines have been used as the standard guidelines in Korea. However, recent advances in the diagnosis and management of thyroid nodules have necessitated the revision of the original recommendations. The task force of the KSThR has revised the Korean Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System and recommendations for US lexicon, biopsy criteria, US criteria of extrathyroidal extension, optimal thyroid computed tomography protocol, and US follow-up of thyroid nodules before and after biopsy. The biopsy criteria were revised to reduce unnecessary biopsies for benign nodules while maintaining an appropriate sensitivity for the detection of malignant tumors in small (1–2 cm) thyroid nodules. The goal of these recommendations is to provide the optimal scientific evidence and expert opinion consensus regarding US-based diagnosis and management of thyroid nodules.

6.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 838-850, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833544

ABSTRACT

Computed tomography (CT) is an important imaging modality in evaluating thoracic malignancies. The clinical utility of dual-energy spectral computed tomography (DESCT) has recently been realized. DESCT allows for virtual monoenergetic or monochromatic imaging, virtual non-contrast or unenhanced imaging, iodine concentration measurement, and effective atomic number (Zeff map). The application of information gained using this technique in the field of thoracic oncology is important, and therefore many studies have been conducted to explore the use of DESCT in the evaluation and management of thoracic malignancies. Here we summarize and review recent DESCT studies on clinical applications related to thoracic oncology.

7.
Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging ; : 131-134, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740128

ABSTRACT

Susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) is well known for detecting the presence of hemorrhagic transformation, microbleeds and the susceptibility of vessel signs in acute ischemic stroke. But in some cases, it can provide the tissue perfusion state as well. We describe a case of a patient with hyperacute ischemic infarction that had a slightly hypodense, patchy lesion at the left thalamus on the initial SWI, with a left proximal posterior cerebral artery occlusion on a magnetic resonance (MR) angiography and delayed time-to-peak on an MR perfusion performed two hours after symptom onset. No obvious abnormal signals at any intensity were found on the initial diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). On a follow-up MR image (MRI), an acute ischemic infarction was seen on DWI, which is the same location as the lesion on SWI. The hypointensity on the initial SWI reflects the susceptibility artifact caused by an increased deoxyhemoglobin in the affected tissue and vessels, which reflects the hypoperfusion state due to decreasing arterial flow. It precedes the signal change on DWI that reflects a cytotoxic edema. This case highlights that, in some hyperacute stages of ischemic stroke, hypointensity on an SWI may be a finding before the hyperintensity is seen on a DWI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angiography , Artifacts , Edema , Follow-Up Studies , Infarction , Ischemia , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Perfusion , Posterior Cerebral Artery , Stroke , Thalamus
8.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 632-655, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716271

ABSTRACT

Thermal ablation using radiofrequency is a new, minimally invasive modality employed as an alternative to surgery in patients with benign thyroid nodules and recurrent thyroid cancers. The Task Force Committee of the Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology (KSThR) developed recommendations for the optimal use of radiofrequency ablation for thyroid tumors in 2012. As new meaningful evidences have accumulated, KSThR decided to revise the guidelines. The revised guideline is based on a comprehensive analysis of the current literature and expert consensus.


Subject(s)
Humans , Advisory Committees , Catheter Ablation , Consensus , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Nodule , Ultrasonography
9.
Ultrasonography ; : 17-24, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731217

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the accuracy and reliability of the semi-automated ultrasonographic volume measurement tool, virtual organ computer-aided analysis (VOCAL), for measuring the volume of parathyroid glands. METHODS: Volume measurements for 40 parathyroid glands were performed in patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism caused by chronic renal failure. The volume of the parathyroid glands was measured twice by experienced radiologists by two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) methods using conventional sonograms and the VOCAL with 30°angle increments before parathyroidectomy. The specimen volume was also measured postoperatively. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) and the absolute percentage error were used for estimating the reproducibility and accuracy of the two different methods. RESULTS: The ICC value between two measurements of the 2D method and the 3D method was 0.956 and 0.999, respectively. The mean absolute percentage error of the 2D method and the 3D VOCAL technique was 29.56% and 5.78%, respectively. For accuracy and reliability, the plots of the 3D method showed a more compact distribution than those of the 2D method on the Bland-Altman graph. CONCLUSION: The rotational VOCAL method for measuring the parathyroid gland is more accurate and reliable than the conventional 2D measurement. This VOCAL method could be used as a more reliable follow-up imaging modality in a patient with hyperparathyroidism.


Subject(s)
Humans , Follow-Up Studies , Hyperparathyroidism , Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Methods , Organ Size , Parathyroid Glands , Parathyroidectomy , Ultrasonography
10.
International Journal of Thyroidology ; : 1-8, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-122234

ABSTRACT

Ultrasonography (US) has been a primary tool for assessing malignancy risk, fine-needle aspiration (FNA) decision, and management after FNA in patients with thyroid nodules. US also has an essential role for preoperative evaluation of primary tumor and cervical lymph nodes, for surveillance of postoperative patients with thyroid cancer, and for imaging guidance for nonsurgical ablation therapy. In the revised recommendations of Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology (KSThR), Korean Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (K-TIRADS), a revised risk stratification system of thyroid nodules, was suggested to increase the efficacy of FNA and provide supplementary information for thyroid nodules after FNA. The role of US assessment of cervical lymph node needs to be emphasized for optimal management decision of thyroid nodules, preoperative staging, and postoperative surveillance of patients with thyroid cancers, and CT has a complementary role for the diagnosis of metastatic nodes in patients with thyroid carcinomas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Diagnosis , Information Systems , Lymph Nodes , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Nodule , Ultrasonography
11.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 811-821, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-215546

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To validate a new risk stratification system for thyroid nodules, the Korean Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (K-TIRADS), using a prospective design. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From June 2013 to May 2015, 902 thyroid nodules were enrolled from four institutions. The type and predictive value of ultrasonography (US) predictors were analyzed according to the combination of the solidity and echogenicity of nodules; in addition, we determined malignancy risk and diagnostic performance for each category of K-TIRADS, and compared the efficacy of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) with a three-tier risk categorization system published in 2011. RESULTS: The malignancy risk was significantly higher in solid hypoechoic nodules, as compared to partially cystic or isohyperechoic nodules (each p < 0.001). The presence of any suspicious US features had a significantly higher malignancy risk (73.4%) in solid hypoechoic nodules than in partially cystic or isohyperechoic nodules (4.3-38.5%; p < 0.001). The calculated malignancy risk in K-TIRADS categories 5, 4, 3, and 2 nodules were 73.4, 19.0, 3.5, and 0.0%, respectively; and the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy for malignancy were 95.5, 58.6, 44.5, 96.9, and 69.5%, respectively, in K-TIRADS categories 4 and 5. The efficacy of FNA for detecting malignancy based on K-TIRADS was increased from 18.6% (101/544) to 22.5% (101/449), as compared with the three-tier risk categorization system (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The proposed new risk stratification system based on solidity and echogenicity was useful for risk stratification of thyroid nodules and the decision for FNA. The malignancy risk of K-TIRADS was in agreement with the findings of a previous retrospective study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Biopsy, Large-Core Needle , Information Systems , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Nodule , Ultrasonography
12.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 370-395, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-106784

ABSTRACT

The rate of detection of thyroid nodules and carcinomas has increased with the widespread use of ultrasonography (US), which is the mainstay for the detection and risk stratification of thyroid nodules as well as for providing guidance for their biopsy and nonsurgical treatment. The Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology (KSThR) published their first recommendations for the US-based diagnosis and management of thyroid nodules in 2011. These recommendations have been used as the standard guidelines for the past several years in Korea. Lately, the application of US has been further emphasized for the personalized management of patients with thyroid nodules. The Task Force on Thyroid Nodules of the KSThR has revised the recommendations for the ultrasound diagnosis and imaging-based management of thyroid nodules. The review and recommendations in this report have been based on a comprehensive analysis of the current literature and the consensus of experts.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ablation Techniques , Advisory Committees , Biopsy , Consensus , Diagnosis , Korea , Lymph Nodes , Multidetector Computed Tomography , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Nodule , Ultrasonography
13.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 767-775, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-22494

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Although tuberculous lymphadenitis and Kikuchi disease are common causes of cervical lymphadenopathy in Asians and exhibit similar clinical manifestations, their treatment strategies are totally different. The purpose of this study was to identify ultrasonographic features that distinguish these two diseases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was approved by the Institutional Review Board. The study included 77 patients with tuberculous lymphadenitis and 135 patients with Kikuchi disease. The sex and age distributions of the patients were analyzed. The size and shape of lymph nodes (LNs), presence of conglomeration, increased perinodal echogenicity, echogenic hilum, posterior neck involvement, internal calcification, patterns of internal necrosis, laterality of involved LNs, and hilar vascular patterns on ultrasonography were compared between the two groups. Multiple logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify independent findings to discriminate tuberculous lymphadenitis from Kikuchi disease. Finally, diagnostic accuracies were calculated using the independent findings. RESULTS: The presence of an echogenic hilum, internal calcification, patterns of internal necrosis, and LN hilar vascular structures on power Doppler ultrasonography were independent findings that discriminated tuberculous lymphadenitis from Kikuchi disease. The diagnostic accuracy of each of these four factors was 84.9% (181/212), 76.9% (163/212), 84% (178/212), and 89.2% (189/212), respectively. A combination of internal calcification and hilar vascular structures showed the best accuracy of 89.6% (190/212) (sensitivity, 86.7% [117/135]; specificity, 94.8% [73/77]) for diagnosing Kikuchi disease. CONCLUSION: The presence of an echogenic hilum, internal calcification, pattern of internal necrosis, and LN hilar vascular structures are useful ultrasonographic findings to differentiate tuberculous lymphadenitis from Kikuchi disease.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Asian People , Biopsy , Calcinosis/pathology , Histiocytic Necrotizing Lymphadenitis/pathology , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Neck/diagnostic imaging , Necrosis/pathology , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tuberculosis, Lymph Node/pathology , Ultrasonography, Doppler
14.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 391-401, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-111042

ABSTRACT

Ultrasound (US)-guided fine needle aspiration (US-FNA) has played a crucial role in managing patients with thyroid nodules, owing to its safety and accuracy. However, even with US guidance, nondiagnostic sampling and infrequent complications still occur after FNA. Accordingly, the Task Force on US-FNA of the Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology has provided consensus recommendations for the US-FNA technique and related issues to improve diagnostic yield. These detailed procedures are based on a comprehensive analysis of the current literature and from the consensus of experts.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy, Fine-Needle/methods , Consensus , Fibrinolytic Agents/adverse effects , Radiology , Sensitivity and Specificity , Thyroid Nodule/diagnosis
15.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 1-14, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-67058

ABSTRACT

The detection of thyroid nodules has become more common with the widespread use of ultrasonography (US). US is the mainstay for detecting and making the differential diagnosis of thyroid nodules as well as for providing guidance for a biopsy. The Task Force on Thyroid Nodules of the Korean Society of Thyroid Radiology has developed recommendations for the US diagnosis and US-based management of thyroid nodules. The review and recommendations in this report have been based on a comprehensive analysis of the current literature, the results of multicenter studies and from the consensus of experts.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Diagnosis, Differential , Thyroid Gland/pathology , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Thyroid Nodule/pathology , Ultrasonography, Interventional
16.
Journal of the Korean Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine ; : 74-77, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-141073

ABSTRACT

Granulocytic sarcoma is a manifestation of myelogenous leukemia, which means a solid mass consisting of primitive precursors of the granulocytic series of white blood cells. We present CT and MR imaging findings of bilateral sino-orbital granulocytic sarcoma in a 22-month-old boy. The mass involved bilateral orbital fossa which resulted in bilateral proptosis. Moreover, the mass extended to the almost skull base including paranasal sinuses, maxilla, temporal bone, zygomatic bone, sphenoid bone, ethmoid, and palatine bone. The adjacent dura was continuously thickened and the lower half of cavernous sinus was also involved. The patient was diagnosed as AML (M5) with t(8,21) translocation through a chromosome study from the bone marrow.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Bone Marrow , Cavernous Sinus , Ethmoid Bone , Exophthalmos , Leukemia , Leukemia, Myeloid , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Leukocytes , Maxilla , Orbit , Orbital Neoplasms , Palate, Hard , Paranasal Sinuses , Sarcoma, Myeloid , Skull Base , Sphenoid Bone , Temporal Bone
17.
Journal of the Korean Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine ; : 74-77, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-141072

ABSTRACT

Granulocytic sarcoma is a manifestation of myelogenous leukemia, which means a solid mass consisting of primitive precursors of the granulocytic series of white blood cells. We present CT and MR imaging findings of bilateral sino-orbital granulocytic sarcoma in a 22-month-old boy. The mass involved bilateral orbital fossa which resulted in bilateral proptosis. Moreover, the mass extended to the almost skull base including paranasal sinuses, maxilla, temporal bone, zygomatic bone, sphenoid bone, ethmoid, and palatine bone. The adjacent dura was continuously thickened and the lower half of cavernous sinus was also involved. The patient was diagnosed as AML (M5) with t(8,21) translocation through a chromosome study from the bone marrow.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Bone Marrow , Cavernous Sinus , Ethmoid Bone , Exophthalmos , Leukemia , Leukemia, Myeloid , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Leukocytes , Maxilla , Orbit , Orbital Neoplasms , Palate, Hard , Paranasal Sinuses , Sarcoma, Myeloid , Skull Base , Sphenoid Bone , Temporal Bone
18.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 729-731, 2009.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-222137

ABSTRACT

We report a rare case of petroclival craniopharyngioma with no connection to the sellar or suprasellar region. MRI and CT images revealed a homogenously enhancing retroclival solid mass with aggressive skull base destruction, mimicking chordoma or aggressive sarcoma. However, there was no calcification or cystic change found in the mass. Here, we report the clinical features and radiographic investigation of this uncommon craniopharyngioma arising primarily in the petroclival region.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cranial Fossa, Posterior/pathology , Craniopharyngioma/diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Pituitary Neoplasms/diagnosis , Skull Base Neoplasms/diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
19.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 84-89, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-98877

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To reduce beam hardening artifacts caused by the shoulder joint, we explored new and unique methods to improve the quality of images, such as varying the injection site and changing the position of patients (swimmers position). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifth-four patients underwent neck CT examinations performed in routine and swimmers position and with a 64-slice MDCT scanner in spiral scanning. To examine the difference due to the injection sites of contrast material, subjects were divided into right- and left-side groups. For the evaluation of images, we carried out a subjective and objective assessment based on radiologists' ratings and noise measurement. RESULTS: Images of the lower neck in the swimmers position exhibited less hardening and streak artifacts. The subjective and objective evaluations showed that the swimmers position received higher rating by radiologists and had lower noise level than that of routine position. The swimmers position was the most effective for the diagnosis of the cervico-thoracic junction area. As for the injection site, we obtained better images by an injection of contrast material in the right arm than in the left. CONCLUSION: CT examination of the lower neck in the swimmers position may improve the quality of image and the effectiveness of diagnosis. The injection of a contrast material to the right side rather than the left side reduced foreign body artifacts.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Neck/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Thoracic/methods , Thorax , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods
20.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 103-110, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-158194

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate radiological findings of non-calcified ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) and to correlate those with histological features. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From July 2002 to March 2006, 22 patients with histologically-proven non-calcified DCIS were included. Mammography was obtained in 19 patients, ultrasound in 18 patients, and both examinations in 15 patients. Radiological findings were evaluated according to the Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System by American College of Radiology. Histological tumor subtype and Van Nuys classification of DCIS were assessed. RESULTS: Histological subtypes consisted of mixed type in 11 patients (50%), comedo in 4 (18%), cribriform in 4 (18%), papillary type in 2 (9%), and solid in one (5%). According to Van Nuys classification, group 3 DCIS was observed in 13 (59%) patients. In the 19 patients who underwent mammography, 13 patients presented with abnormal findings: focal asymmetry in 7 patients (37%), masses in 4 (21%), skin thickening in one (5%), and architectural distortion in one (5%). In the 18 patients who had received breast ultrasound, a mass was present in 15 (83%) patients and ductal changes in 3 patients (17%). Sixty percent of patients with masses on ultrasound had group 3 DCIS and 100% of patients with ductal change had group 1 DCIS (p=0.017). CONCLUSION: Diagnosis of non-calcified DCIS by mammography is not an easy task due to the lack of typical malignant calcifications or masses. High resolution ultrasound can be useful for detecting non-calcified DCIS, and ultrasound findings are correlated with histological features.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms/metabolism , Calcinosis/metabolism , Mammography
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