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1.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 841-850, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939090

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#We evaluated the feasibility and long-term efficacy of the combination of cytarabine, idarubicin, and all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) for treating patients with newly diagnosed acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). @*Methods@#We included 87 patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia and a t(15;17) or promyelocytic leukemia/retinoic acid receptor alpha (PML-RARα) mutation. Patients received 12 mg/m2/day idarubicin intravenously for 3 days and 100 mg/m2/day cytarabine for 7 days, plus 45 mg/m2/day ATRA. Clinical outcomes included complete remission (CR), relapse-free survival (RFS), overall survival (OS), and the secondary malignancy incidence during a 20-year follow-up. @*Results@#The CR, 10-year RFS, and 10-year OS rates were 89.7%, 94.1%, and 73.8%, respectively, for all patients. The 10-year OS rate was 100% for patients that achieved CR. Subjects were classified according to the white blood cell (WBC) count in peripheral blood at diagnosis (low-risk, WBC < 10,000/mm3; high-risk, WBC ≥ 10,000/mm3). The low-risk group had significantly higher RFS and OS rates than the high-risk group, but the outcomes were not superior to the current standard treatment (arsenic trioxide plus ATRA). Toxicities were similar to those observed with anthracycline plus ATRA, and higher than those observed with arsenic trioxide plus ATRA. The secondary malignancy incidence after APL treatment was 2.7%, among the 75 patients that achieved CR, and 5.0% among the 40 patients that survived more than 5 years after the APL diagnosis. @*Conclusions@#Adding cytarabine to anthracycline plus ATRA was not inferior to anthracycline plus ATRA alone, but it was not comparable to arsenic trioxide plus ATRA. The probability of secondary malignancy was low.

2.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 60-63, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938676

ABSTRACT

Mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL) encompasses a rare group of acute leukemia with blasts expressing markers specific to several lineages, which accounts for 2-5% of all newly diagnosed cases of acute leukemia. At present, patients with MPAL are treated with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)-directed chemotherapy. However, the prognosis of MPAL, especially in cases of relapsed/refractory (R/R) disease, remains poor. Blinatumomab, a bispecific T cell-engaging antibody, has shown encouraging outcomes in R/R B cell ALL positive for CD19. Here, we report a patient with CD19+ MPAL who achieved complete remission after treatment with blinatumomab, which may be a therapeutic option for patients with relapsed CD19+ MPAL. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of MPAL treated with blinatumomab in Korea.

3.
Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health ; : 63-69, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937976

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a toothpaste containing sodium pyrophosphate and a high concentration (1,450 ppm) of fluoride on dental plaque, gingivitis index, and calculus index in a clinical trial. @*Methods@#This study used an eight-week, randomized, double-blinded, controlled, comparative, parallel design. The participants, who voluntarily signed a consent form, were screened through visit evaluation if they met the selection/exclusion criteria. After a one-week run-in period, the selected participants were randomly assigned to either an experimental or control group in the order of their enrollment. Subsequently, the participants were asked to brush their teeth with the study toothpaste using the rolling method for 3 min, thrice daily, for 8 weeks. Oral examinations were performed at baseline and after 3 weeks, 4 weeks, and 8 weeks. Evaluation of papillary marginal attachment index (PMA index), Talbott’s gingival index, patient hygiene performance index (PHP index), Turesky plaque index, and calculus index were performed during the oral examination. @*Results@#After 8 weeks, the PMA indices were 7.12 for the control group and 5.00 for experimental groups. In addition, the PHP index was 2.06 for the control group and 1.66 for the experimental group. Significant differences were observed between the control and experimental groups in all indice (P<0.05). @*Conclusions@#This study shows that using a toothpaste containing sodium fluoride, sodium pyrophosphate, tocopherol acetate, and dental-type silica improves dental plaque removal, reduces gingivitis, and inhibits calculus formation.

4.
Blood Research ; : 20-28, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925647

ABSTRACT

Despite the availability of therapies to treat patients with immune thrombocytopenia (ITP), there is currently little data from randomized trials to assist clinicians in managing patients. The evidence-based guidelines of the Korean Society of Hematology Aplastic Anemia Working Party (KSHAAWP) are intended to support patients and physicians in the management of ITP. Experts from the KSHAAWP discussed and described this guideline according to the current treatment situation for ITP in Korea and finalized the guidelines. The expert panel recommended the management of ITP in adult and pediatric patients with newly diagnosed, persistent, and chronic disease refractory to first-line therapy with minor bleeding. Management approaches include observation and administration of corticosteroids, intravenous immunoglobulin, anti-D immunoglobulin, and thrombopoietin receptor agonists. Currently, evidence supporting strong recommendations for various management approaches is lacking. Therefore, a large focus was placed on shared decision-making, especially regarding second-line treatment.

5.
Blood Research ; : S79-S85, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925624

ABSTRACT

Thrombocytopenia, defined as platelet count <150×10 9 /L, is frequently observed by physicians during pregnancy, with an incidence of approximately 10% of all pregnancies.Most of the cases of thrombocytopenia in pregnancy are due to gestational thrombocytopenia, which does not confer an increased risk of maternal bleeding. However, because other causes can be associated with life-threatening events, such as severe bleeding, that can affect to maternal and fetal outcomes, differentiating other cause of thrombocytopenia, which includes preeclampsia, HELLP (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets) syndrome, acute fatty liver of pregnancy, immune thrombocytopenia, hereditary thrombocytopenia, antiphospholipid syndrome, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, and atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome, is important. Understanding the mechanisms and recognition of symptoms and signs are important to decide an adequate line of investigation. In this review, the approach to diagnosis and the management of the thrombocytopenia commonly observed in pregnancy are presented.

6.
Blood Research ; : 102-108, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897359

ABSTRACT

Background@#To estimate real-world outcomes in East Asian populations, we conducted a nationwide retrospective analysis of the efficacy and safety of lenalidomide for del(5q) myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients with transfusion-dependent anemia in Korea. @*Methods@#Patients aged ≥19 years who had received lenalidomide for the treatment of lower-risk, red blood cell (RBC) transfusion-dependent del(5q) MDS were selected. A filled case report form (CRF) with information from electronic medical records was requested from members of the acute myeloid leukemia (AML)/MDS Working Party of the Korean Society of Hematology. All the CRFs were gathered and analyzed. @*Results@#A total of 31 patients were included in this study. Of 28 evaluable patients, 19 (67.9%) achieved RBC transfusion independence (RBC-TI). Female sex and the development of thrombocytopenia during treatment were associated with achieving RBC-TI. The most common non-hematologic toxicities were pruritus, fatigue, and rashes. All non-hematologic toxicities of grades ≥3 were limited to rash (12.9%) and pruritus (6.5%). Dose reduction was required in 15 of the 19 responders (78.9%). The most common final stable dosing schedule for the responders was 5 mg once every other day (31.6%). @*Conclusion@#Lenalidomide efficacy and tolerability were similar in the Asian del(5q) MDS patients and western patients. Dose reduction during treatment was common, but it was not associated with inferior outcomes.

7.
Blood Research ; : 102-108, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889655

ABSTRACT

Background@#To estimate real-world outcomes in East Asian populations, we conducted a nationwide retrospective analysis of the efficacy and safety of lenalidomide for del(5q) myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients with transfusion-dependent anemia in Korea. @*Methods@#Patients aged ≥19 years who had received lenalidomide for the treatment of lower-risk, red blood cell (RBC) transfusion-dependent del(5q) MDS were selected. A filled case report form (CRF) with information from electronic medical records was requested from members of the acute myeloid leukemia (AML)/MDS Working Party of the Korean Society of Hematology. All the CRFs were gathered and analyzed. @*Results@#A total of 31 patients were included in this study. Of 28 evaluable patients, 19 (67.9%) achieved RBC transfusion independence (RBC-TI). Female sex and the development of thrombocytopenia during treatment were associated with achieving RBC-TI. The most common non-hematologic toxicities were pruritus, fatigue, and rashes. All non-hematologic toxicities of grades ≥3 were limited to rash (12.9%) and pruritus (6.5%). Dose reduction was required in 15 of the 19 responders (78.9%). The most common final stable dosing schedule for the responders was 5 mg once every other day (31.6%). @*Conclusion@#Lenalidomide efficacy and tolerability were similar in the Asian del(5q) MDS patients and western patients. Dose reduction during treatment was common, but it was not associated with inferior outcomes.

8.
Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine ; (12): 557-565, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-951127

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish an efficacious and efficient fermentation method of enhancing the anti-adipogenesis effect of mulberry (Morus alba) leaves using Cordyceps militais. Methods: Dried mulberry leaves, dried mulberry leaves with 50% raw silkworm pupa and raw silkworm pupa were fermented with Cordyceps militais for 4 weeks at 25 °C, after which the dried mulberry leaves and fermented product were extracted with 70% ethanol and subjected to high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The contents of cordycepin, pelargonidin, chlorogenic acid, iso-quercetin and caffeic acid were determined. We then used the 3T3-L1 cells to investigate whether extracts of fermentation enhanced anti-adipogenesis activity in vitro. Results: HPLC showed that fermentation changed the contents of cordycepin, pelargonidin, chlorogenic acid, iso-quercetin and caffeic acid. Furthermore, fermented dried mulberry leaves with 50% raw silkworm pupa had a better efficacy of anti-adipogenesis than dried mulberry leaves, fermented dried mulberry leaves and fermented silkworm pupa and inhibited triglycerides accumulation and glucose consumption. Additionally, fermented dried mulberry leaves with 50% raw silkworm pupa inhibited PPAR-? signaling. Conclusions: Fermentation with Cordyceps militaris enhanced anti-adipogenesis efficacy of mulberry leaves.

9.
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology ; : 46-53, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741300

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the risk factors of diabetic nephropathy in patients with diabetic retinopathy requiring panretinal photocoagulation (PRP) and the visual prognosis. METHODS: A retrospective review of electronic medical records was conducted at Seoul St. Mary's Hospital, comprising 103 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and diabetic retinopathy who underwent PRP from 1996 to 2005. Patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus, non-diabetic renal disease, non-diabetic retinal disease, visually significant ocular disease, high-risk proliferative diabetic retinopathy, and advanced diabetic retinopathy were excluded. The patients were divided into three groups: no nephropathy (group 1, n = 45), microalbuminuria (group 2, n = 16), and advanced nephropathy (group 3, n = 42). Duration of diagnosis of retinopathy and nephropathy, glycosylated hemoglobin, visual acuity, complications, and treatment history were investigated. RESULTS: The mean glycosylated hemoglobin of group 3 (8.4 ± 1.2) was higher than that of group 1 (7.7 ± 1.0) or group 2 (7.7 ± 1.0) (p = 0.04). Mean interval from PRP to diagnosis of nephropathy was 8.8 ± 6.0 years in group 2 and 8.7 ± 4.9 years in group 3. The significant decrease in visual acuity in group 3 (28 eyes, 35.9%) was significantly higher than that in group 1 (15 eyes, 18.1%, p = 0.01) or group 2 (6 eyes, 20.7%, p = 0.03). Only vitreous hemorrhage showed a significantly higher incidence in groups 2 and 3 than in group 1 (p = 0.02). Multivariate regression analysis revealed that female sex and lower glycosylated hemoglobin were significantly associated with a protective effect on development of nephropathy. CONCLUSIONS: In the clinical setting, many patients with PRP-requiring diabetic retinopathy develop nephropathy an average of 8 to 9 years after PRP. Male sex and higher glycosylated hemoglobin could be risk factors of nephropathy.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Diabetic Nephropathies , Diabetic Retinopathy , Diagnosis , Electronic Health Records , Glycated Hemoglobin , Incidence , Light Coagulation , Prognosis , Retinal Diseases , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Seoul , Visual Acuity , Vitreous Hemorrhage
10.
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology ; : 99-100, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741292

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Choroid , Hypopigmentation , Vitiligo
11.
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology ; : 126-133, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713844

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the outcomes of scleral buckling surgery performed under a slit-lamp illumination system (Visulux) with a contact wide-angle viewing lens (Mini Quad) in patients with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) and to compare these outcomes with those of surgery performed under an indirect ophthalmoscope. METHODS: By retrospective review of electronic medical records, patients with RRD who had undergone scleral buckling surgery were identified. Scleral buckling surgeries were performed with two illumination instruments, a slit-lamp (SL group) and an indirect ophthalmoscope (IO group). Subretinal fluid drainage, cryopexy, and intravitreal gas injection were performed optionally. At 6 months after surgery, anatomical and functional outcomes were evaluated and compared between the two groups. Operation time was also compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Of the 45 total patients (45 eyes), 28 were included in the SL group, and 17 were included in the IO group. In the SL and IO groups, the primary anatomical success rate was 89.3% and 88.2%, respectively (p = 0.92). The logarithm of the minimal angle of resolution change, which reflects improvement in best-corrected visual acuity after surgery, was −0.19 ± 0.38 in the SL group and −0.21 ± 0.63 in the IO group; this difference was not statistically significant (p = 0.91). The mean operation time was significantly shorter in the SL group (78.9 ± 11.8 minutes) than in the IO group (100.0 ± 13.9 minutes, p < 0.001), especially for patients who underwent additional procedures such as subretinal fluid drainage and cryopexy (81.4 ± 12.9 and 103.5 ± 12.3 minutes, respectively, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Scleral buckling surgery performed under a slit-lamp illumination system yielded a similar anatomical success rate and similar functional improvement in RRD compared with surgery performed under an indirect ophthalmoscope. The slit-lamp system could save time, especially in bullous RRD, which requires additional subretinal fluid drainage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drainage , Electronic Health Records , Jupiter , Lighting , Ophthalmoscopes , Retinal Detachment , Retrospective Studies , Scleral Buckling , Slit Lamp , Subretinal Fluid , Visual Acuity
12.
The Korean Journal of Parasitology ; : 31-38, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-36486

ABSTRACT

Specific gene expressions of host cells by spontaneous STAT6 phosphorylation are major strategy for the survival of intracellular Toxoplasma gondii against parasiticidal events through STAT1 phosphorylation by infection provoked IFN-γ. We determined the effects of small molecules of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) on the growth of T. gondii and on the relationship with STAT1 and STAT6 phosphorylation in ARPE-19 cells. We counted the number of T. gondii RH tachyzoites per parasitophorous vacuolar membrane (PVM) after treatment with TKIs at 12-hr intervals for 72 hr. The change of STAT6 phosphorylation was assessed via western blot and immunofluorescence assay. Among the tested TKIs, Afatinib (pan ErbB/EGFR inhibitor, 5 µM) inhibited 98.0% of the growth of T. gondii, which was comparable to pyrimethamine (5 µM) at 96.9% and followed by Erlotinib (ErbB1/EGFR inhibitor, 20 µM) at 33.8% and Sunitinib (PDGFR or c-Kit inhibitor, 10 µM) at 21.3%. In the early stage of the infection (2, 4, and 8 hr after T. gondii challenge), Afatinib inhibited the phosphorylation of STAT6 in western blot and immunofluorescence assay. Both JAK1 and JAK3, the upper hierarchical kinases of cytokine signaling, were strongly phosphorylated at 2 hr and then disappeared entirely after 4 hr. Some TKIs, especially the EGFR inhibitors, might play an important role in the inhibition of intracellular replication of T. gondii through the inhibition of the direct phosphorylation of STAT6 by T. gondii.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antiparasitic Agents/pharmacology , Blotting, Western , Cell Line , Enzyme Activation/drug effects , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Janus Kinase 1/metabolism , Janus Kinase 3/metabolism , Phosphorylation/drug effects , Quinazolines/pharmacology , STAT6 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Toxoplasma/drug effects , Toxoplasmosis/physiopathology
13.
Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine ; : 96-103, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-56491

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Immunohistochemical demonstration of CD20 in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is prerequisite not only for the diagnosis but also for assigning patients to rituximab-containing chemotherapy. However, little is known about the impact of abundance of CD20 expression assessed by immunohistochemistry on the clinical outcome of DLBCL. We performed a semi-quantitative immunohistochemical analysis of CD20 expression in DLBCL to examine the prognostic implication of the level of CD20 expression. METHODS: Pre-treatment diagnostic tissue samples from 48 DLBCL patients who were treated with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) regimen were represented in a tissue microarray and immunostained for CD20. The relative abundance of CD20 expression was semi-quantitatively scored using a web-based ImmunoMembrane plug-in. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was used to determine a prognostically relevant cut-off score in order to dichotomize the patients into CD20-high versus CD20-low groups. RESULTS: The levels of CD20 expression were heterogeneous among the patients, with a wide and linear distribution of scores. Patients in CD20-low group showed significantly poor clinical outcome. CONCLUSIONS: The levels of CD20 expression in DLBCL are heterogeneous among the patients with DLBCL. A subgroup of the patients with CD20 expression levels below the cut-off score showed poor clinical outcome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antigens, CD20 , B-Lymphocytes , Cyclophosphamide , Diagnosis , Doxorubicin , Drug Therapy , Immunohistochemistry , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Prednisone , ROC Curve , Tissue Array Analysis , Vincristine , Rituximab
14.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 208-213, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-133731

ABSTRACT

Due to rarity of factor V (FV) deficiency, there have been only a few case reports in Korea. We retrospectively analysed the clinical-laboratory features of FV deficiency in 10 Korean patients. Between January 1987 and December 2013, 10 case reports published in a Korean journal or proceedings of Korea Society on Thrombosis and Hemostasis were reviewed. Severity is defined as mild (> 5% of factor activity), moderate (1%-5%), and severe (< 1%). The median age at diagnosis, six males and four females, was 26 years (range, 1 month-73 years). Six of 10 patients were classified as moderate, three as mild, and one as severe disease. Eight patients were diagnosed as inherited FV deficiency. The most frequent symptoms were mucosal tract bleedings (40%) such as epistaxis, and menorrhagia in female. Hemarthroses and postoperative bleeding occurred in one and four patients, respectively. Life-threatening bleeding episodes occurred in the peritoneal cavity (n = 2), central nerve system (n = 1), and retroperitoneal space (n = 1). No lethal haemorrhages happened to patients with mild disease. The majority of bleeding episodes were controlled with local measures and fresh-frozen plasma replacement. Two acquired FV deficient-patients showing life-threatening haemorrhages received the immunosuppressive therapy, but one of them died from postoperative bleeding complications. Despite the small sample size of this study due to rarity of the disease, we found that Korean patients with FV deficiency had similar clinical manifestations and treatment outcomes shown in previous studies.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Asian People , Blood Transfusion , Databases, Factual , Factor V Deficiency/drug therapy , Hemorrhage/etiology , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous/therapeutic use , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Plasma , Republic of Korea , Retrospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome
15.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 208-213, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-133730

ABSTRACT

Due to rarity of factor V (FV) deficiency, there have been only a few case reports in Korea. We retrospectively analysed the clinical-laboratory features of FV deficiency in 10 Korean patients. Between January 1987 and December 2013, 10 case reports published in a Korean journal or proceedings of Korea Society on Thrombosis and Hemostasis were reviewed. Severity is defined as mild (> 5% of factor activity), moderate (1%-5%), and severe (< 1%). The median age at diagnosis, six males and four females, was 26 years (range, 1 month-73 years). Six of 10 patients were classified as moderate, three as mild, and one as severe disease. Eight patients were diagnosed as inherited FV deficiency. The most frequent symptoms were mucosal tract bleedings (40%) such as epistaxis, and menorrhagia in female. Hemarthroses and postoperative bleeding occurred in one and four patients, respectively. Life-threatening bleeding episodes occurred in the peritoneal cavity (n = 2), central nerve system (n = 1), and retroperitoneal space (n = 1). No lethal haemorrhages happened to patients with mild disease. The majority of bleeding episodes were controlled with local measures and fresh-frozen plasma replacement. Two acquired FV deficient-patients showing life-threatening haemorrhages received the immunosuppressive therapy, but one of them died from postoperative bleeding complications. Despite the small sample size of this study due to rarity of the disease, we found that Korean patients with FV deficiency had similar clinical manifestations and treatment outcomes shown in previous studies.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Asian People , Blood Transfusion , Databases, Factual , Factor V Deficiency/drug therapy , Hemorrhage/etiology , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous/therapeutic use , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Plasma , Republic of Korea , Retrospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome
16.
Kosin Medical Journal ; : 163-169, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-193802

ABSTRACT

Interdigitating dendritic cell sarcoma (IDCS) is an extremely rare tumor derived from professional antigen presenting cell and primarily found in lymph nodes, with rarer case report about extranodal presentation of IDCS. A 71-yr-old man was admitted with progressively enlarging and painless mass in the right parotid area for 2 months. Computed tomography of the neck and chest revealed enhancing mass in right parotid gland, multiple lymphadenopathies around neck and mediastinum, and an osteolytic metastasis at thoracic spine. Morphological and immunohistochemical analysis of an excisional biopsy specimen from parotid mass were consistent with a diagnosis of IDCS. Palliative chemotherapy with 6 cycles of CHOP (cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine, and prednisolone) regimen and 2 cycles of ABVD (adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine) regimen plus radiotherapy on parotid mass failed in tumor reduction. We describe a rare case of disseminated extranodal IDCS arising from parotid gland.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Bleomycin , Dendritic Cell Sarcoma, Interdigitating , Dendritic Cells , Diagnosis , Doxorubicin , Drug Therapy , Lymph Nodes , Mediastinum , Neck , Neoplasm Metastasis , Parotid Gland , Radiotherapy , Spine , Thorax , Vinblastine , Vincristine
17.
Soonchunhyang Medical Science ; : 31-34, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-107300

ABSTRACT

Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare and benign self-limited disorder with pathologic feature of the lymph node sinuses expanded by a proliferation of distinctive histiocytes. The most often involving site is bilateral cervical lymphadenopathy, followed by the skin and soft tissue. Treatment options, including steroid, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and debulking surgery depend on the symptoms or the extent and localization of the lesions. We encountered a very rare case of RDD at the skin lesions, particularly combined with aortic vasculitis, arrhythmia, and valvular heart disease.


Subject(s)
Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Drug Therapy , Heart Valve Diseases , Histiocytes , Histiocytosis, Sinus , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Diseases , Methotrexate , Prednisolone , Radiotherapy , Skin , Vasculitis
18.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 1392-1395, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-76408

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report a case of a 59-year-old female with a free-floating monolateral vitreous cyst localized in the posterior vitreous in the left eye. CASE SUMMARY: A 59-year-old female who complained of an intermittent floater in the left eye for 3 months visited our clinic. She had been suffering from visual disturbance for approximately 3 months. There was no previous history of trauma, infection, or inflammatory disorders. The best corrected visual acuity was 20/20 in both eyes. On fundoscopic exam, a 3-4 disc diameter (DD) sized, brown-colored pigmented vitreous cyst was detected at the inferior temporal side of the posterior vitreous in her left eye. B-scan ultrasound confirmed the presence of an echo-free cystic formation that was free from surrounding vitreous strands or other adhesions located at the posterior vitreous. No specific findings or leakage were observed on fluorescein angiography. We followed-up the patient periodically (1 month, 3 months, and 6 months after the initial visit) and monitored whether the size or location of the cyst had changed. At every follow-up exam, the size or location of the cyst was stationary and the patient's visual acuity was 20/20 in the affected eye, thus we suggested she should be followed-up periodically for her cyst without any intervention. CONCLUSIONS: We report a case of a patient with no previous ocular history or impaired vision who had a free-floating vitreous cyst localized in the posterior vitreous in the left eye. The disease did not appear to progress or become aggravated over a short-term follow-up period and no specific treatment was required.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Fluorescein Angiography , Follow-Up Studies , Ultrasonography , Visual Acuity
19.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 1379-1385, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-225275

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To review the mechanisms and clinical patterns of spontaneous resolution of vitreoretinal interface disorders by analyzing cases and available literature on macular hole (MH), vitreoretinal traction (VMT), and epiretinal membrane (ERM). METHODS: Medical records and optical coherence tomography (OCT) images of patients with spontaneous resolution of MH, VMT, and ERM were reviewed. RESULTS: Two eyes with VMT, 3 eyes with idiopathic MH, 3 eyes of traumatic MH (including 1 eye with electrical burn), and 2 eyes with ERM showed spontaneous resolution. All eyes except traumatic MH reached a visual acuity better than 0.5 after resolution. All idiopathic MHs achieved anatomic closure in 6 months, and traumatic MHs in 1 month except for the electrical burn case. Seven out of 10 eyes experienced complete posterior vitreous detachment (PVD) during resolution. CONCLUSIONS: Some cases of vitreoretinal interface disorders can resolve spontaneously with complete PVD or other mechanisms. Indicators predicting spontaneous resolution should be considered in patients with vitreoretinal interface disorder.


Subject(s)
Humans , Burns , Epiretinal Membrane , Eye , Medical Records , Retinal Perforations , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Traction , Visual Acuity , Vitreous Detachment
20.
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology ; : 28-33, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-213093

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of adjunctive subtenon injection of triamcinolone acetonide (TA) in gas-filled eyes after vitrectomy for complicated proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). METHODS: This nonrandomized comparative study included 27 patients (27 eyes) who underwent pars plana vitrectomy and gas tamponade for treatment of PDR with tractional or combined tractional-rhegmatogenous retinal detachment and who received subtenon injection of TA (40 mg) at the end of surgery. The study group was compared with the control group (29 eyes), which was matched with the study group for preoperative and intraoperative parameters, but underwent pars plana vitrectomy and gas tamponade without a subtenon injection of TA. RESULTS: Retinal reattachments without reoperation were achieved in 25 eyes (92.6%) and 26 eyes (89.7%) at 6 months (p = 1.000) in the study and control groups, respectively. The study group and the control group did not differ significantly in the frequency of postoperative proliferative vitreoretinopathy, retinal redetachment rate, reoperation rate, macular pucker formation, postoperative vitreous hemorrhage, gain in visual acuity, intraocular pressure, and intraocular inflammation (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The clinical results of pars plana vitrectomy for complicated PDR are not improved significantly by an adjunctive subtenon TA injection in gas-filled eyes.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Diabetic Retinopathy/complications , Gases , Glucocorticoids/administration & dosage , Injections , Tenon Capsule , Treatment Outcome , Triamcinolone Acetonide/administration & dosage , Visual Acuity , Vitrectomy/methods , Vitreoretinopathy, Proliferative/etiology
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