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1.
Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Therapies in Psychiatry ; (3): 12-24, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875091

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#:This study was aimed to investigate the changes in metabolic syndrome (MetS) status and long-term impact of its components over a 10-year period in severe mental illness (SMI) patients in a national mental hospital. @*Methods@#:A total of 93 patients (schizophrenia=88, bipolar disorder=5) who met the diagnosis of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition, text revision (DSM-IV-TR) and participated in the MetS study in 2011 were included. MetS was defined by revised National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III (revised NCEP-ATP-III) guidelines. @*Results@#:The prevalence of MetS was significantly increased from 40.9% in 2011 to 60.2% in 2020. There were significant differences in admission status and hospitalization months, compared to the groups with and without MetS. Upon reviewing the changes over a decade, systolic blood pressure (SBP) was a significant factor in the group without MetS. In the group with MetS, SBP, waist circumference, and BMI (body mass index) were significant factors. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that hospitalization during follow-up periods [odds ratio (OR)=0.969, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.948-0.991] and BMI (OR=1.426, 95% CI: 1.196-1.701) were significantly associated with MetS in subjects. @*Conclusion@#:The prevalence of MetS in patients with SMI significantly increased over time. The admission status and hospitalization were also confirmed to be the significant values of MetS.

2.
Mood and Emotion ; (2): 110-118, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918524

ABSTRACT

Background@#Alcohol drinking among college students is socially permissible in Korea. However, this population’s tendency to consume alcohol excessively results in many alcohol-related problems, including psychiatric problems.This study aimed to identify the sociodemographic characteristics and psychiatric comorbidities associated with hazardous alcohol drinking among college students. @*Methods@#In total, 2,571 college students participated in the study. Data were collected using the Korean version of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT-K), the Mood Disorder Questionnaire, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, a modified Korean version of the 16-item Prodromal Questionnaire, the Adult Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Self-Report Scale-Version 1.1, and a stress-coping scale. Logistic regression analysis was performed on variables significantly correlated with hazardous alcohol drinking. @*Results@#In total, 633 students were grouped into the hazardous alcohol drinking group (AUDIT-K, ≥12). The associ-ated variables were age (odds ratio [OR], 0.95; p<0.05), smoking (OR, 4.00; p<0.001), bipolar disorder (OR, 2.45; p<0.05), depressive disorder (OR, 1.35; p<0.05), attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; OR, 1.44; p<0.05), and problem-focused stress coping (OR, 0.97; p<0.05). @*Conclusion@#In this study, hazardous alcohol drinking was associated with smoking, mood disorders, and ADHD. We suggest that alcohol use among college students be carefully monitored and managed in terms of its psychiatric comorbidities.

3.
Mood and Emotion ; (2): 85-93, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918521

ABSTRACT

Background@#Depression is increasing among college students in general. Moreover, almost one-third of college students have been reported to suffer from depression. Thus, this study aimed to assess differences in stress coping strategies and resilience between depressed and normal-mood groups among college students. @*Methods@#A total of 3,306 college students participated in this study. The students responded to a questionnaire that included questions of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale, stress coping scale (SCS), and brief resilience scale. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to evaluate the impact of variables on depression. @*Results@#Using the CES-D (cutoff score ≥21), 423 (12.8%) college students were classified as depressed. Adjusting for individual demographic factors, the SCS results of the students with depression showed significantly higher scores in emotion-focused coping (p<0.001), wishful thinking (p<0.001), and lower problem-focused coping (p<0.001) than the normal-mood group. Moreover, they presented lower resilience scores. Students who had emotion-focused coping (odds ratio [OR], 1.11; p<0.001) and lower resilience scores (OR, 0.76; p<0.001) were associated with higher CES-D scores. @*Conclusion@#The study findings revealed significant differences between the depressed and normal-mood groups in terms of stress coping skills and resilience, suggesting the need for promoting stress coping strategies and resilience to lower depression-related problems among college students.

4.
Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Therapies in Psychiatry ; (3): 14-22, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901141

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#:The aim of this study was to examine socio-demographic variables and the correlation of their factors and mental health with resilience in adolescents. @*Methods@#:Participants were 4,325 middle and high school students living in Jeollanam-do, South Korea. Participants completed self-report questionnaires examining socio-demographic characteristics and including the following self-rating scales: the resilience test, the adolescent mental health and problem behavior screening questionnaire-II (AMPQ-II). @*Results@#:The resilience test scores were positively correlated with the adolescent mental health and problem behavior screening questionnaire-II scores (p<0.001). In multiple regression analysis, below average academic achievement (OR 4.05, 95%CI 2.62-6.27, p<0.001), perceived poor relationship with parents (OR 2.91, 95%CI 2.28-3.71, p<0.001), body dissatisfaction (OR 2.09, 95%CI 1.57-2.79, p<0.001), middle school students (OR 2.02, 95%CI 1.59-2.56, p<0.001), male (OR 1.95, 95%CI 1.55-2.46, p<0.001), low socioeconomic status (OR 1.68, 95%CI 1.11-2.52, p=0.014), low maternal education level (OR 1.64, 95%CI 1.09-2.48, p=0.018) showed significant negative correlation with resilience. @*Conclusion@#:Resilience needs to be considered to promote mental health of adolescents. Specifically, interventions providing psychological support should target adolescents with factors correlated low resilience

5.
Journal of the Korean Society of Biological Therapies in Psychiatry ; (3): 14-22, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893437

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#:The aim of this study was to examine socio-demographic variables and the correlation of their factors and mental health with resilience in adolescents. @*Methods@#:Participants were 4,325 middle and high school students living in Jeollanam-do, South Korea. Participants completed self-report questionnaires examining socio-demographic characteristics and including the following self-rating scales: the resilience test, the adolescent mental health and problem behavior screening questionnaire-II (AMPQ-II). @*Results@#:The resilience test scores were positively correlated with the adolescent mental health and problem behavior screening questionnaire-II scores (p<0.001). In multiple regression analysis, below average academic achievement (OR 4.05, 95%CI 2.62-6.27, p<0.001), perceived poor relationship with parents (OR 2.91, 95%CI 2.28-3.71, p<0.001), body dissatisfaction (OR 2.09, 95%CI 1.57-2.79, p<0.001), middle school students (OR 2.02, 95%CI 1.59-2.56, p<0.001), male (OR 1.95, 95%CI 1.55-2.46, p<0.001), low socioeconomic status (OR 1.68, 95%CI 1.11-2.52, p=0.014), low maternal education level (OR 1.64, 95%CI 1.09-2.48, p=0.018) showed significant negative correlation with resilience. @*Conclusion@#:Resilience needs to be considered to promote mental health of adolescents. Specifically, interventions providing psychological support should target adolescents with factors correlated low resilience

6.
Mood and Emotion ; (2): 71-79, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786422

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to screen Korean college students for correlates, and comorbidities associated with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).METHODS: A total of 2,593 college students participated in the study. Socio-demographic and clinical data were collected and self-report scales, such as the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale-Version 1.1, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, the Korean version of the Mood Disorder, a modified Korean version of the 16-item Prodromal Questionnaire, and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test were included. Students with and without ADHD were compared using univariable analyses, and the association of ADHD with other psychiatric comorbidities was predicted using multivariable analyses.RESULTS: Of the total participants, 4.7% were diagnosed with ADHD. Multivariable analysis revealed that ADHD in college students was significantly associated with depression, psychotic-like experience, alcohol abuse, and female sex after adjustment. We found that ADHD in young college students was associated with several psychiatric comorbidities.CONCLUSION: These results suggest the need for early detection of ADHD in young adults and highlight the importance of implementing early psychiatric intervention for problems such as depression, psychotic-like experience, and alcohol abuse in adults with ADHD.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Alcoholism , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity , Comorbidity , Depression , Epidemiologic Studies , Mass Screening , Mood Disorders , Prevalence , Weights and Measures
7.
Mood and Emotion ; (2): 80-88, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786421

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study examined how mental health status influenced suicidal ideation among community-dwelling elderly at senior citizen centers in Korea.METHODS: Data were obtained from a survey on elderly mental health in Jeollanam-do (a southwest province in Korea) conducted by the Jeollanam-do Provincial Mental Health and Welfare Center. In total, 4,113 people were recruited from all 22 cities in Jeollanam-do. We evaluated sociodemographic factors and mental health status using self-reported questionnaires, namely, the Suicidal Ideation Scale, Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form Korean Version, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, Korean version of the General Health Questionale-12, and Satisfaction with Life Scale, to assess psychosocial factors affecting suicidal ideation. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to examine the factors associated with suicidal ideation.RESULTS: Among the 4,113 subjects, 325 (7.9%) reported recent suicidal ideation. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that depression (p<0.001), low-level social support and life satisfaction (p=0.006), poor general mental health (p<0.001), physical disease (p=0.009), and poor self-perceived health status (p=0.039) were significantlyassociated with suicidal ideation.CONCLUSION: The presence of physical disease, poor self-perceived health status, depression, and poor general mental health conditions increase the risk of suicide ideation among the elderly. Social support and life satisfaction affected their suicidal ideation independently of depression.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Depression , Korea , Logistic Models , Mental Health , Psychology , Suicidal Ideation , Suicide
8.
Mood and Emotion ; (2): 152-157, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786888

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine psychosocial factors influencing suicidal ideation of community dwelling elderly, using the senior community center in Jeonnam Province.METHODS: A total of 2,202 subjects (369 males, 1,833 females) were recruited. We evaluated sociodemographic factors, using a self-reporting questionnaire. Subjects completed the Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form Korean Version (SGDS), Multi-dimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), Korean version of the General Health Questionale-12 (GHQ-12) and Satisfaction with Life scale (SWLS), to assess psychosocial factors affecting suicidal ideation.RESULTS: Among 2,202 subjects, 179 (8.1%) reported recent suicidal ideation. Self-perceptive health status (p < 0.001) and physical disease (p=0.002) revealed differences between two groups. The scores of four scales in the suicidal group were significantly different from the control group: SGDS (p < 0.001) and GHQ-12 (p < 0.001) were higher, while MSPSS (p < 0.001) and SWLS (p < 0.001) were lower, in the suicidal ideation group than the control group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that physical disease (OR 2.575, 95%CI 1.022–6.492), SGDS (OR 1.181, 95%CI 1.120–1.246) and GHQ-12 (OR 1.192, 95%CI 1.108–1.283), were significantly associated with suicidal ideation.CONCLUSION: Findings support that physical disease, depression, and general mental health may correlate to suicidal ideation in the elderly.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Depression , Independent Living , Logistic Models , Mental Health , Psychology , Suicidal Ideation , Suicide , Weights and Measures
9.
Mood and Emotion ; (2): 158-162, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786887

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: he purpose of this study was to examine psychosocial factors related to burnout of social welfare officers working in Jeonnam Province.METHODS: A total of 395 social welfare officers (male 99, female 296) working in 22 areas of Jeollanam-do province, were subjects of this study. We examined socio-demographic factors, using a self-reporting questionnaire. Subjects were asked to complete the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS), Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and the Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale (GSS), to assess psychosocial factors affecting to burnout of social welfare officers.RESULTS: Among 395 subjects, 221 (55.9%) reported recent experiences of burnout. There was no significant difference in age between two groups, divided by burnout. Sex (p < 0.001), rank (p=0.003), working period (p=0.034), depression (p < 0.001) revealed differences between the burnout group and control group. Scores of PSS (p < 0.001) were higher, while the scores of GSS (p < 0.001) were lower in the burnout group, than control group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that female (OR 2.840, 95%CI 1.466–5.504, p=0.002), depressive high-risk group (OR 6.824, 95%CI 2.893–16.096, p < 0.001) PSS (OR 1.247, 95%CI 1.153–1.349, p < 0.001) and GSS (OR 0.950, 95%CI 0.930–0.971, p < 0.001), were significantly associated with burnout.CONCLUSION: We found that some factors, were associated with experienced burnout in social welfare officers. Depressive symptoms were the strongest associative factor, for burnout in public servants in charge of social welfare. Sex, stress and self-efficacy also correlated with burnout, and especially self-efficacy was a protecting factor.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Depression , Epidemiologic Studies , Logistic Models , Psychology , Social Welfare
10.
Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine ; : 166-175, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738878

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Shiftwork is known to be one of the common causes of sleep and health problems and finally causes the decreased quality of life. The purpose of this study was to investigate the sleep patterns of shiftworking and daytime psychiatric nurses using actigraphy and compare it with subjective assessment for sleep. METHODS: Twenty-three shift-working and 25 daytime nurses were enrolled. They rated their sleep quality using Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index(PSQI) and other self-rating scales were measured for psychosocial aspects. Actigraphy was applied to the subjects for a total of 7 days to measure the sleep parameters. They also wrote sleep diaries during the period of wearing actigraphy. Sleep-related parameters of actigraphy, global score and components of PSQI, and the results of other self-rating scales were compared between shift-working and daytime nurses. RESULTS: Although the global score of PSQI did not show significant difference, the PSQI components showed significant differences between two groups: the shift-working nurses showed lower sleep quality, more sleep disturbance and hypnotic medication use, and worsened daytime dysfunction than daytime nurses. The shift-working nurses showed significantly shorter total time in bed and total sleep time, lower sleep efficiency, and longer average awakening time than those of daytime nurses in actigraphy. CONCLUSIONS: The results showed that shift-working nurses experienced more sleep disturbances in both subjective and objective aspects of sleep than daytime nurses. This study also suggests that actigraphy may be useful to measure the objective aspects of sleep that are difficult to assess with subjective questionnaires alone.


Subject(s)
Actigraphy , Quality of Life , Weights and Measures
11.
Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine ; : 93-99, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-74803

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this preliminary study was to investigate job stress and stress coping strategy among workers in a regional statistics office. METHODS: A total of 133 workers in regional statistics office participated in this study and they were divided into two groups, survey group(n=109) and support group(n=24) depending on relation to statistical survey task. They were asked to respond to Short Form of Korean Occupational Stress Scale(KOSS-SF) and Stress Coping Strategy(SCS) to investigate sociodemographic characteristics, job stress, and stress coping strategy. RESULTS: The proportion of the 133 participants in the sample was 59(44.4%) of men, 74(55.6%) of women. There were no significant differences in KOSS-SF scores in relation to age, sex, education, and marital status, while the KOSS-SF scores were significantly different between the two groups. In regard to the subscales of KOSS-SF, the two groups had significant differences in insufficient job control, interpersonal conflict, job insecurity, and organization system. In addition, the total score of KOSS-SF had a negative correlation with problem-focused coping strategy and social support coping strategy of SCS. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that workers of survey group had more job stress compared to those who works in support group in regional statistical office. In addition, in comparison with workers of support group, both men and women of survey group get stressed when they were confronted with interpersonal conflicts. Our results suggest that using problem-focused coping and social support coping strategy lowers job stress.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Education , Marital Status , Self-Help Groups
12.
Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine ; : 93-103, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-69505

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aim of study was to examine the prevalence of night eating syndrome(NES) and its correlates in schizophrenic outpatients. METHODS: The 14 items of self-reported night eating questionnaire(NEQ) was administered to 201 schizophrenic patients in psychiatric outpatient clinic. We examined demographic and clinical characteristics, body mass index(BMI), subjective measures of mood, sleep, binge eating, and weight-related quality of life using Beck's Depression Inventory(BDI), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index(PSQI), Binge Eating Scale(BES) and Korean version of Obesity-Related Quality of Life Scale(KOQoL), respectively. RESULTS: The prevalence of night eaters in schizophrenic outpatients was 10.4%(21 of 201). Comparisons between NES group and non-NES group revealed no significant differences in sociodemographic characteristics, clinical status and BMI. Compared to non-NES, patients with NES reported significantly greater depressed mood and sleep disturbance, more binge eating pattern, and decreased weight-related quality of life. While 'morning anorexia' and 'delayed morning meal'(2 of 5 NES core components in NEQ) were not differed between groups, 'nocturnal ingestions', 'evening hyperphagia', and 'mood/sleep' were more impaired in NES group. CONCLUSION: These findings are the first to describe the prevalence and its correlates of night eaters in schizophrenic outpatients. These results suggest that NES has negative mental health implications, although it was not associated with obesity. Further study to generalize these results is required.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ambulatory Care Facilities , Bulimia , Depression , Eating , Mental Health , Obesity , Outpatients , Prevalence , Quality of Life
13.
Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine ; : 112-120, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-69503

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical characteristics of night eating syndrome(NES) in bipolar disorder outpatients. METHODS: The 14 items of self-reported night eating questionnaire(NEQ) was administered to 84 bipolar patients in psychiatric outpatient clinic. We examined demographic and clinical characteristics, body mass index(BMI), subjective measures of mood, sleep, binge eating & weight-related quality of life using Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index(PSQI), Binge Eating Scale(BES) and Korean version of Obesity-Related Quality of Life Scale(KOQoL), respectively. RESULTS: The prevalence of night eating syndrome in bipolar outpatients was 14.3%(12 of 84). Comparisons between NES group and non-NES group revealed no significant differences in demographic characteristics, BMI and clinical status except economic status and comorbid medical illnesses. However, compared to non-NES, patients with NES was more likely to have binge eating pattern and poorer weight-related quality of life. CONCLUSIONS: This study is to be the first to describe the clinical correlates of night eaters in bipolar outpatients. Although there were few significant correlates of NES in bipolar outpatients, relatively high prevalence of NES suggest that clinicians should be aware to assess the patients with bipolar disorder on NES, regardless of obesity status of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Ambulatory Care Facilities , Bipolar Disorder , Bulimia , Depression , Eating , Obesity , Outpatients , Prevalence , Quality of Life
14.
Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine ; : 121-129, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-69502

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study was to assess the prevalence and its correlates of restless legs syndrome(RLS) in outpatients with bipolar disorder. METHODS: A total of 100 clinical stabilized bipolar outpatients were examined. The presence of RLS and its severity were assessed using the International Restless Legs Sydrome Study Group(IRLSSG) diagnostic criteria. Beck's Depression Inventory(BDI), Spielberg's State Anxiety Inventory(STAI-X-1), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index(PSQI), Korean version Drug Attitude Inventory(KDAI-10), Subjective Well-Beings under Neuroleptic Treatment Scale-Short Form(SWN-K) and Barnes Akathisia Rating Scale(BARS) were used to evaluate the depressive symptomatology, level of anxiety, subjective quality of sleep, subjective feeling of well-being, drug attitude, presence of akathisia, respectively. RESULTS: Of the 100 bipolar outpatients, 7(7%) were met to full criteria of IRLSSG and 36(36%) have at least one of the 4 IRLSSG criterion. Because of relatively small sample size, non-parametric analysis were done to compare the characteristics among 3 groups(full-RLS, 1> or =positive RLS-symptom and Non-RLS). There were no significant differences in sex, age, and other sociodemographic and clinical data among 3 groups. BDI, STAI-X-1 and PSQI are tended to be impaired in RLS and 1> or =positive RLS-symptom groups. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first preliminary study for studying the prevalence and its correlates of RLS in bipolar disorder. The results shows that relatively small proportion of RLS was present in bipolar disorder patients when compared to patients with schizophrenia. Same tendencies shown in schizophrenic patients were found that bipolar patients with RLS had more depressive symptoms, state anxiety and poor subjective sleep quality. Further systematic studies may be needed to find the characteristics of RLS in bipolar patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anxiety , Bipolar Disorder , Depression , Outpatients , Prevalence , Psychomotor Agitation , Restless Legs Syndrome , Sample Size , Schizophrenia
15.
Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association ; : 32-39, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-53767

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to develop and validate the indicator of human rights of people with mental illness (HRPM). METHODS: The HRPM scale was administered to 382 inpatients at national hospital psychiatric (schizophrenia 77.0%, bipolar disorder 7.6%). Reliability of HRPM was tested by internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and item-total correlation. Domains and contents were examined for assessment of construct validity of HRPM. RESULTS: Human rights of people with mental illness was highly reliable in terms of internal consistency (Cronbach alpha=0.87), test-retest reliability (r=0.81), and corrected item-total correlation r range from 0.42 to 0.71. In addition, construct validity of HRPM was established with the domains and contents in conceptually expected ways. CONCLUSION: These results offer reliability and validity for the indicator of HRPM. The implications and limitations of this study were discussed, and future directions of study were suggested.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bipolar Disorder , Human Rights , Inpatients , Reproducibility of Results , Schizophrenia
16.
Korean Journal of Psychopharmacology ; : 190-199, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-169417

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of the weight reduction program designed for schizophrenic patients. It's effects were assessed especially in the aspects of the obesity-related quality of life, emotional and physical well-being of the patients. METHODS: Fifty-one obese schizophrenic inpatients were enrolled in a 12-week, randomized weight reduction program. Thirty-two patients were randomly assigned to an intervention group in which they received the weight management program. Nineteen patients were allocated to the control group in which they received the usual clinical inpatient treatments. Body weight, Body Mass Index (BMI) and Quality of Life Scales such as Short Form of Medical Outcome Study (SF-36), Korean version of Obesity-related Quality of Life Scale (KOQOL) and Korean version of Body Weight, Image and Self-Esteem Evaluation Questionnaire (B-WISE-K) were evaluated during 12-week period. All assessments were done at baseline, 4, 8 and 12 week. Repeated measures of analysis of variance and post-hoc comparisons were done to compare the group differences from baseline at each visit. RESULTS: Sixteen of 32 (50%) patients in intervention group and 12 of 19 (69.4%) patients in control group completed this study. We found significant group by time interaction effects in weight, BMI and waist circumferences (p<0.05, respectively). The weight changes from baseline to 8 week and 12 week were significant in post-hoc comparisons between intervention and control groups (p<0.05 and p<0.01, respectively). The changes of BMI and waist circumference from baseline to 12-week were also significant in post-hoc comparisons (p<0.05). After completion of the weight management program, there were significant differences on the subjective estimates such as physical component summary of SF-36, and total scores, psychosocial heath, physical health and diet of the KOQOL, and total scores of B-WISE-K between intervention and control group. These significant differences were found at 12-week of treatment in post-hoc comparisons (p<0.05, respectively). CONCLUSION: The weight reduction program was effective for weight loss in schizophrenic inpatients. In addition, it might improve the subjective estimates such as obesity-related quality of life and weight-related body image in schizophrenic inpatients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Body Image , Body Mass Index , Body Weight , Diet , Inpatients , Obesity , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Quality of Life , Surveys and Questionnaires , Schizophrenia , Waist Circumference , Weight Loss , Weight Reduction Programs , Weights and Measures
17.
Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association ; : 634-644, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-53583

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Night Eating Questionnaire (NEQ) as a measure of the night eating syndrome (NES) in a sample of outpatients with schizophrenia. METHODS: The behavioral and psychological symptoms of NES were assessed with the 14-item self-report questionnaire (NEQ). Body weight and height were measured to calculate the body mass index (BMI). Subjective estimates of depression, binge eating patterns, sleep quality and weight-related quality of life were evaluated using Beck's Depression Inventory (BDI), the Binge Eating Scale (BES), the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and the Korean version of Obesity-related Quality of Life (KOQoL) Scale. RESULTS: Among 165 schizophrenic outpatients who completed the NEQ, 15 (9.1%) patients screened as having NES (total NEQ > or =25). The NEQ demonstrated high internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha=0.72), and the item-total correlations (r=0.29-0.75 ; p<0.001, respectively) were acceptable, except for morning anorexia. A principal components analysis revealed five factors (nocturnal ingestions, evening hyperphagia, mood/sleep, morning anorexia, and delayed morning meal), which explained 65.7% of the total variance. Although the NEQ total score was not correlated with BMI, age at onset, duration of illness, or use of atypical antipsychotics, it was significantly correlated with total scores on the BDI, BES, PSQI and KOQoL. Test-retest reliability was also good (r=0.74, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Our results showed that the NEQ appears to be an efficient, valid measure of NES in outpatients with schizophrenia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alkanesulfonic Acids , Anorexia , Antipsychotic Agents , Body Mass Index , Body Weight , Bulimia , Depression , Eating , Hyperphagia , Outpatients , Psychometrics , Quality of Life , Surveys and Questionnaires , Schizophrenia
18.
Korean Journal of Psychopharmacology ; : 284-295, 2004.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-183883

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the subjective well-being of schizophrenic patients who switched their antipsychotics to risperidone as the maintenance treatment over 24 weeks. METHODS: Thirty-one patients were evaluated using Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) for psychopathology and UKU side effects rating scale for drug-induced adverse events. Also the subjects were asked to score the 10 items self-rating scale (KmSWN-10), which derived from the 19-items of Korean modified version of Subjective Well-being under the neuroleptic treatment (KmSWN) scale. The assessments were administered at baseline, 2 weeks, 12 weeks and 24 weeks after switching to risperidone. Analysis were done using repeated measures of ANOVA. Pearson correlation analysis were also done to assess the correlation between KmSWN-10 and psychopathology and drug induced side effects. RESULTS: There were significant improvements on the scores of KmSWN-10 and reductions on the PANSS and UKU side effect rating scores during the treatment of risperidone. KmSWN-10 was negatively correlated with the total, negative and general psychopathology scales of PANSS at baseline, and also negatively corrleated with total, positive, negative, general psychopathology scales and depressive factor of PANSS scores and total UKU side effects rating scores at 24 weeks of treatment. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that the maintenance treatment with risperidone positively affected on the subjective well-being of schizophrenic patients due to improvement of psychotic symptoms and decrement of side effects. KmSWN-10 may be more related with negative and general psychopathlogy scales of PANSS in this study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antipsychotic Agents , Psychopathology , Quality of Life , Risperidone , Schizophrenia , Weights and Measures
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