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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927015

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is conventionally recognized as an urgent medical condition requiring timely and effective reperfusion therapy. However, the results of studies on the clinical outcomes in AMI according to hospital visit timings are inconclusive. To explore the difference in long-term outcomes between off- and on-hour percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) in patients with AMI of Killip functional classification III–IV (Killip III–IV AMI). @*Methods@#Data on the characteristics and clinical outcomes of 1,751 patients with Killip III–IV AMI between November 2011 and June 2015 from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institutes of Health registry were analyzed. All participants were allocated into two groups: off-hour (weekdays from 6:00 PM to 8:00 AM, weekends, and legal holidays) and on-hour (weekdays from 8:00 AM to 6:00 PM) groups. The incidence of major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events, defined as a composite of all-cause mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction, any revascularization, cerebrovascular accident, and stent thrombosis, was the primary endpoint. @*Results@#Among the 1,751 patients, 572 (39.1%) underwent PCI during on-hours and 892 (60.9%) during off-hours. At the 3-year follow-up, no significant difference was found in the clinical outcomes between the two groups in both the unadjusted and propensity-score weighing-adjusted analyses. @*Conclusions@#The outcomes of patients with Killip III–IV AMI admitted during off- and on-hours were similar.

2.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 444-454, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926522

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#The aim of this study was to demonstrate the efficacy and safety of treatment with drug-coated balloon (DCB) in a large real-world population. @*Methods@#Patients treated with DCBs were included in a multicenter observational registry that enrolled patients from 18 hospitals in Korea between January 2009 and December 2017. The primary outcome was target lesion failure (TLF) defined as a composite of cardiovascular death, target vessel myocardial infarction, and clinically indicated target lesion revascularization at 12 months. @*Results@#The study included 2,509 patients with 2,666 DCB-treated coronary artery lesions (1,688 [63.3%] with in-stent restenosis [ISR] lesions vs. 978 [36.7%] with de novo lesions).The mean age with standard deviation was 65.7±11.3 years; 65.7% of the patients were men.At 12 months, the primary outcome, TLF, occurred in 179 (6.7%), 151 (8.9%), 28 (2.9%) patients among the total, ISR, and de novo lesion populations, respectively. A history of hypertension, diabetes, acute coronary syndrome, previous coronary artery bypass graft, reduced left ventricular ejection fraction, B2C lesion and ISR lesion were independent predictors of 12 months TLF in the overall study population. @*Conclusions@#This large multicenter DCB registry study revealed the favorable clinical outcome of DCB treatment in real-world practice in patient with ISR lesion as well as small de novo coronary lesion.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939093

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Recurrent acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is an adverse cardiac event in patients with a first AMI. The predictors of recurrent AMI after the first AMI in patients who underwent successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have not been elucidated. @*Methods@#We analyzed the data collected from 9,869 patients (63.2 ± 12.4 years, men:women = 7,446:2,423) who were enrolled in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health between November 2011 and October 2015, had suffered their first AMI and had received successful PCI during the index hospitalization. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the independent predictors of recurrent AMI following the first AMI. @*Results@#The cumulative incidence of recurrent AMI after successful PCI was 3.6% (359/9,869). According to the multivariable logistic regression analysis, the significant predictive factors for recurrent AMI were diabetes mellitus, renal dysfunction, atypical chest pain, and multivessel disease. @*Conclusions@#In this Korean prospective cohort study, the independent predictors of recurrent AMI after successful PCI for the first AMI were diabetes mellitus, renal dysfunction, atypical chest pain, and multivessel disease.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939092

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Little is known about the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in Korea during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) era. We aimed to evaluate the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of patients with STEMI in the COVID-19 era. @*Methods@#A total of 588 consecutive patients with STEMI who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention were included in this study. The patients were categorized into the COVID-19 (from January 20, 2020 to December 31, 2020) and control groups (from January 20, 2019 to December 31, 2019). @*Results@#The COVID-19 group showed pre-hospital and in-hospital delays than the control group. The control group underwent more thrombus aspiration and had a higher proportion of left main coronary artery diseases, while the COVID-19 group had a higher proportion of multivessel diseases with a marked increase in the number and total length of stents than the control group. As for the prescribed medications, the COVID-19 group was administered more beta-blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers, and statins than the control group. The clinical outcomes were comparable between the groups, except for higher incidences of atrioventricular block and temporary pacemaker implantation in the COVID-19 group. @*Conclusions@#Reperfusion after STEMI treatment during the COVID-19 period was delayed; therefore, efforts should be made to improve on reperfusion.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938097

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Data pertaining to the prognostic value of the combination of high neutrophilto-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and anemia on admission in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) are limited. The objective of this study was to investigate the clinical value of baseline NLR in combination with anemia in predicting clinical outcomes after STEMI. @*Methods@#A total of 5,194 consecutive patients with STEMI within 12 hours of symptom onset from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry-National Institute of Health database between 2011 and 2015 were categorized into 4 groups according to their NLR and hemoglobin levels: low NLR (<4) without anemia (n=2,722; reference group); high NLR (≥4) without anemia (n=1,527); low NLR with anemia (n=508); and high NLR with anemia (n=437). The co-primary outcomes were 180-day and 3-year all-cause mortality. @*Results@#Mortality rates significantly increased at the 3-year follow-up across the groups (3.3% vs. 5.4% vs. 16.5% vs. 21.7% for 180-day mortality and 5.3% vs. 9.0% vs. 23.8% vs. 33.4% for 3-year mortality; all p-trends <0.001). After adjusting for baseline covariates, the combination of high NLR and anemia was a significant predictor of 180-day mortality after STEMI with low NLR and no anemia as the reference (adjusted hazard ratio, 2.16; 95% confidence interval, 1.58–2.95; p<0.001). Similar findings were observed for the 3-year mortality. @*Conclusions@#This nationwide prospective cohort study showed that the combination of high NLR (≥4) and anemia is a strong predictor of all-cause mortality after STEMI.

6.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 124-132, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919605

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to compare long-term clinical outcomes according to the use of emergency medical services (EMS) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who arrived at the hospital within 12 hr of symptom onset. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 13104 patients with acute myocardial infarction were enrolled in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry–National Institutes of Health from October 2011 to December 2015. Of them, 2416 patients with STEMI who arrived at the hospital within 12 hr were divided into two groups: 987 patients in the EMS group and 1429 in the non-EMS group. Propensity score matching (PSM) was performed to reduce bias from confounding variables. After PSM, 796 patients in the EMS group and 796 patients in the non-EMS group were analyzed. The clinical outcomes during 3 years of clinical follow-up were compared between the two groups according to the use of EMS. @*Results@#The symptom-to-door time was significantly shorter in the EMS group than in the non-EMS group. The EMS group had more patients with high Killip class compared to the non-EMS group. The rates of all-cause death and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) were not significantly different between the two groups. After PSM, the rate of all-cause death and MACE were still not significantly different between the EMS and non-EMS groups. The predictors of mortality were high Killip class, renal dysfunction, old age, long door-to-balloon time, long symptom-to-door time, and heart failure. @*Conclusion@#EMS utilization was more frequent in high-risk patients. The use of EMS shortened the symptom-to-door time, but did not improve the prognosis in this cohort.

7.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 218-224, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894564

ABSTRACT

Stable angina is a chronic, systemic disease with a wide range of associated symptoms and clinical outcomes. Prompt diagnosis can be challenging for clinicians. Typical chest pain caused by stable angina occurs when the myocardium receives inadequate oxygen, resulting in myocardial ischemia. Various diagnostic tools including non-invasive tests such as coronary computed tomographic angiography and image-based stress tests have evolved over the last decade. An important factor in the selection of the proper diagnostic test for stable angina is assessment of the pre-test probability in the event of possible coronary arterial stenosis.

8.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 533-544, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893929

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#The study sought to investigate the impact of early extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support before revascularization in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) complicated by profound cardiogenic shock after resuscitated cardiac arrest. It is difficult to determine optimal timing of ECMO in patients with AMI complicated by profound cardiogenic shock after resuscitated cardiac arrest. @*Methods@#Among 116,374 patients experiencing out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in South Korea, a total of 184 resuscitated patients with AMI complicated by profound cardiogenic shock, and who were treated successfully with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and ECMO, were enrolled. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to the timing of ECMO: pre-PCI ECMO (n=117) and post-PCI ECMO (n=67). We compared 30-day mortality between the 2 groups. @*Results@#In-hospital mortality was 78.8% in the entire study population and significantly lower in the pre-PCI ECMO group (73.5% vs. 88.1%, p=0.020). Thirty-day mortality was also lower in the pre-PCI ECMO group compared to the post-PCI ECMO group (74.4% vs.91.0%; adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.66; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.47–0.93; p=0.017). Shockable rhythm at the emergency room (HR, 0.57; 95% CI, 0.36–0.91; p=0.019) and successful therapeutic hypothermia (HR, 0.40; 95% CI, 0.23–0.69; p=0.001) were also associated with improved 30-day survival. @*Conclusions@#ECMO support before revascularization was associated with an improved short-term survival rate compared to ECMO after revascularization in patients with AMI complicated by profound cardiogenic shock after resuscitated cardiac arrest.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892345

ABSTRACT

Background@#Titanium dioxide films exhibit good biocompatibility and may be effective as drug-binding matrices for drug-eluting stents. We conducted a mid-term evaluation of a novel polymer-free everolimus-eluting stent using nitrogen-doped titanium dioxide film deposition (TIGEREVOLUTION® ) in comparison with a commercial durable polymer everolimus-eluting stent (XIENCE Alpine® ) in a porcine coronary restenosis model. @*Methods@#Twenty-eight coronary arteries from 14 mini-pigs were randomly allocated to TIGEREVOLUTION® stent and XIENCE Alpine® stent groups. The stents were implanted in the coronary artery at a 1.1–1.2:1 stent-to-artery ratio. Eleven stented coronary arteries in each group were finally analyzed using coronary angiography, optical coherence tomography, and histopathologic evaluation 6 months after stenting. @*Results@#Quantitative coronary analysis showed no significant differences in the preprocedural, post-procedural, and 6-month lumen diameters between the groups. In the volumetric analysis of optical coherence tomography at 6 months, no significant differences were observed in stent volume, lumen volume, and percent area stenosis between the groups. There were no significant differences in injury score, inflammation score, or fibrin score between the groups, although the fibrin score was zero in the TIGEREVOLUTION® stent group (0 vs. 0.07 ± 0.11, P = 0.180). @*Conclusion@#Preclinical evaluation, including optical coherence tomographic findings 6 months after stenting, demonstrated that the TIGEREVOLUTION® stent exhibited efficacy and safety comparable with the XIENCE Alpine® stent, supporting the need for further clinical studies on the TIGEREVOLUTION® stent.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875494

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#This study compared long-term clinical outcomes between male and female acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients with and without diabetes mellitus (DM). @*Methods@#From November 2011 to December 2015, 13,104 patients with AMI were enrolled in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry National Institutes of Health (KAMIR-NIH) (4,458 diabetic patients and 8,646 non-diabetic patients). Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to reduce bias due to confounding variables. Following PSM, 2,046 diabetic patients, 1,023 males (69.8 ± 9.4 years) and 1,023 females (69.9 ± 9.4 years); and 3,412 non-diabetic patients, 1,706 males (70.0 ± 10.4 years) and 1,706 females (70.4 ± 10.8 years) were analyzed. Clinical outcomes were compared between male and female patients with and without diabetes over a 3-year clinical follow-up. @*Results@#In diabetic patients, mortality (21.1% vs. 21.5%, p = 0.813) and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) (30.6% vs. 31.4%, p = 0.698) were not significantly different between males and females. However, mortality (15.8% vs. 12.0%, p = 0.002) and MACE (20.8% vs. 15.6%, p < 0.001) were significantly higher in male non-diabetic patients than in female non-diabetic patients. The predictors of mortality for both males and females in the diabetic and non-diabetic groups were old age, heart failure, renal dysfunction, anemia, and no percutaneous coronary intervention. @*Conclusions@#The long-term clinical outcomes in AMI patients with DM did not significantly differ by sex. However, the mortality and MACE in non-diabetic male patients were higher than those in females.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875459

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#We aimed to evaluate the prevalence, characteristics, and clinical outcomes of spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) in young female patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). @*Methods@#We identified 8,250 patients diagnosed with AMI who underwent coronary angiogram from the Chonnam National University Hospital database, Gwangju, Korea, between November 2005 and September 2017. A total of 148 female patients aged less than 60 years with a history of AMI were retrospectively studied and the characteristics and clinical outcomes were evaluated for all SCAD patients. @*Results@#Among female patients with AMI aged less than 60 years, the prevalence of SCAD was 8.78% (13 of 148). Based on the angiographic classification, type 2 SCAD was most commonly observed on angiograms in 69.2% of the cases (nine of 13), followed by type 3 in 23.1% (three of 13), and type 1 in 7.7% (one of 13). Furthermore, the left anterior descending (LAD) artery was the most commonly affected coronary artery (76.9%, 10 of 13 cases) and the distal segments of the coronary arteries were the most common sites of SCAD (92.3%, 12 of 13). Regarding the clinical outcomes, one of 13 patients experienced repeat revascularization during the following 31 months. @*Conclusions@#The prevalence of SCAD was 8.7%, indicating that SCAD is not rare, among female patients aged less than 60 years with AMI in Korea. Type 2 SCAD was most commonly observed on angiogram. Moreover, the distal portion of the LAD was the segment most commonly affected by SCAD. The long-term clinical outcomes were favorable in patients surviving SCAD.

12.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 400-408, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904267

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to compare mortality rates after discharge between the patients with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and those with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), and identify each mortality risk factors in these two types of myocardial infarction. @*Materials and Methods@#Between 2011 and 2015, 13105 consecutive patients were enrolled in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction-National Institute of Health registry (KAMIR-NIH); 12271 patients with acute myocardial infarction met the inclusion criteria and were further stratified into the STEMI (n=5828) and NSTEMI (n=6443) groups. The occurrence of mortality and cardiac mortality at 3 years were compared between groups, and the factors associated with mortality for NSTEMI and STEMI were evaluated. @*Results@#The comparison between these two groups and long-term follow-up outcomes showed that the cumulative rates of allcause and cardiac mortality were higher in the NSTEMI group than in the STEMI group [all-cause mortality: 10.9% vs. 5.8%; hazards ratio (HR), 0.464; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.359–0.600, p100 beats/min), no PCI, and low hemoglobin level were identified as the risk factors for 3-year mortality. @*Conclusion@#The NSTEMI group had higher mortality compared to the STEMI group during the 3-year clinical follow-up after discharge. Low LVEF and no PCI were the main risk factors for mortality in the NSTEMI group. In contrast, old age and renal dysfunction were the risk factors for long-term mortality in the STEMI group.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903699

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#High-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-TnT) assays detect very low levels of cardiac troponin. This study examined the interval change between initial and subsequent hs-TnT levels and evaluated its ability to predict significant coronary stenosis. @*Methods@#The study analyzed 163 patients who presented with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and underwent coronary angiography (CAG) between April 2014 and May 2018. The 0 and 3-hour hs-TnT were checked. The patients were subdivided into positive (n = 32) and negative (n = 131) interval change groups. The presence of significant coronary artery stenosis on CAG in the two groups was compared. @*Results@#The positive interval change group was older and had higher 0 and 3-hour hs-TnT and blood glucose levels than the negative interval change group. Significant coronary stenosis was more common in the positive interval change group than in the negative interval change group (68.8% vs. 23.7%, p = 0.001). However, vasospasm was more common in the negative interval change group (6.3% vs. 31.3%, p = 0.003). The positive interval change group had higher rates of bifurcation lesions and received more percutaneous coronary intervention. In multivariate analysis, age, interval change of serial hs-TnT and diabetes mellitus were independent predictors of significant coronary artery stenosis. @*Conclusions@#This study identified a relationship between the serial change in cardiac biomarkers and the presence of significant coronary stenosis in patients with ACS. Serial hs-TnT change was associated with real angiographic stenosis in patients with ACS.

14.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 218-224, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902268

ABSTRACT

Stable angina is a chronic, systemic disease with a wide range of associated symptoms and clinical outcomes. Prompt diagnosis can be challenging for clinicians. Typical chest pain caused by stable angina occurs when the myocardium receives inadequate oxygen, resulting in myocardial ischemia. Various diagnostic tools including non-invasive tests such as coronary computed tomographic angiography and image-based stress tests have evolved over the last decade. An important factor in the selection of the proper diagnostic test for stable angina is assessment of the pre-test probability in the event of possible coronary arterial stenosis.

15.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 533-544, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901633

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#The study sought to investigate the impact of early extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support before revascularization in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) complicated by profound cardiogenic shock after resuscitated cardiac arrest. It is difficult to determine optimal timing of ECMO in patients with AMI complicated by profound cardiogenic shock after resuscitated cardiac arrest. @*Methods@#Among 116,374 patients experiencing out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in South Korea, a total of 184 resuscitated patients with AMI complicated by profound cardiogenic shock, and who were treated successfully with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and ECMO, were enrolled. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to the timing of ECMO: pre-PCI ECMO (n=117) and post-PCI ECMO (n=67). We compared 30-day mortality between the 2 groups. @*Results@#In-hospital mortality was 78.8% in the entire study population and significantly lower in the pre-PCI ECMO group (73.5% vs. 88.1%, p=0.020). Thirty-day mortality was also lower in the pre-PCI ECMO group compared to the post-PCI ECMO group (74.4% vs.91.0%; adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 0.66; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.47–0.93; p=0.017). Shockable rhythm at the emergency room (HR, 0.57; 95% CI, 0.36–0.91; p=0.019) and successful therapeutic hypothermia (HR, 0.40; 95% CI, 0.23–0.69; p=0.001) were also associated with improved 30-day survival. @*Conclusions@#ECMO support before revascularization was associated with an improved short-term survival rate compared to ECMO after revascularization in patients with AMI complicated by profound cardiogenic shock after resuscitated cardiac arrest.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900049

ABSTRACT

Background@#Titanium dioxide films exhibit good biocompatibility and may be effective as drug-binding matrices for drug-eluting stents. We conducted a mid-term evaluation of a novel polymer-free everolimus-eluting stent using nitrogen-doped titanium dioxide film deposition (TIGEREVOLUTION® ) in comparison with a commercial durable polymer everolimus-eluting stent (XIENCE Alpine® ) in a porcine coronary restenosis model. @*Methods@#Twenty-eight coronary arteries from 14 mini-pigs were randomly allocated to TIGEREVOLUTION® stent and XIENCE Alpine® stent groups. The stents were implanted in the coronary artery at a 1.1–1.2:1 stent-to-artery ratio. Eleven stented coronary arteries in each group were finally analyzed using coronary angiography, optical coherence tomography, and histopathologic evaluation 6 months after stenting. @*Results@#Quantitative coronary analysis showed no significant differences in the preprocedural, post-procedural, and 6-month lumen diameters between the groups. In the volumetric analysis of optical coherence tomography at 6 months, no significant differences were observed in stent volume, lumen volume, and percent area stenosis between the groups. There were no significant differences in injury score, inflammation score, or fibrin score between the groups, although the fibrin score was zero in the TIGEREVOLUTION® stent group (0 vs. 0.07 ± 0.11, P = 0.180). @*Conclusion@#Preclinical evaluation, including optical coherence tomographic findings 6 months after stenting, demonstrated that the TIGEREVOLUTION® stent exhibited efficacy and safety comparable with the XIENCE Alpine® stent, supporting the need for further clinical studies on the TIGEREVOLUTION® stent.

17.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 400-408, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896563

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to compare mortality rates after discharge between the patients with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and those with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), and identify each mortality risk factors in these two types of myocardial infarction. @*Materials and Methods@#Between 2011 and 2015, 13105 consecutive patients were enrolled in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction-National Institute of Health registry (KAMIR-NIH); 12271 patients with acute myocardial infarction met the inclusion criteria and were further stratified into the STEMI (n=5828) and NSTEMI (n=6443) groups. The occurrence of mortality and cardiac mortality at 3 years were compared between groups, and the factors associated with mortality for NSTEMI and STEMI were evaluated. @*Results@#The comparison between these two groups and long-term follow-up outcomes showed that the cumulative rates of allcause and cardiac mortality were higher in the NSTEMI group than in the STEMI group [all-cause mortality: 10.9% vs. 5.8%; hazards ratio (HR), 0.464; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.359–0.600, p100 beats/min), no PCI, and low hemoglobin level were identified as the risk factors for 3-year mortality. @*Conclusion@#The NSTEMI group had higher mortality compared to the STEMI group during the 3-year clinical follow-up after discharge. Low LVEF and no PCI were the main risk factors for mortality in the NSTEMI group. In contrast, old age and renal dysfunction were the risk factors for long-term mortality in the STEMI group.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895995

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#High-sensitivity cardiac troponin (hs-TnT) assays detect very low levels of cardiac troponin. This study examined the interval change between initial and subsequent hs-TnT levels and evaluated its ability to predict significant coronary stenosis. @*Methods@#The study analyzed 163 patients who presented with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and underwent coronary angiography (CAG) between April 2014 and May 2018. The 0 and 3-hour hs-TnT were checked. The patients were subdivided into positive (n = 32) and negative (n = 131) interval change groups. The presence of significant coronary artery stenosis on CAG in the two groups was compared. @*Results@#The positive interval change group was older and had higher 0 and 3-hour hs-TnT and blood glucose levels than the negative interval change group. Significant coronary stenosis was more common in the positive interval change group than in the negative interval change group (68.8% vs. 23.7%, p = 0.001). However, vasospasm was more common in the negative interval change group (6.3% vs. 31.3%, p = 0.003). The positive interval change group had higher rates of bifurcation lesions and received more percutaneous coronary intervention. In multivariate analysis, age, interval change of serial hs-TnT and diabetes mellitus were independent predictors of significant coronary artery stenosis. @*Conclusions@#This study identified a relationship between the serial change in cardiac biomarkers and the presence of significant coronary stenosis in patients with ACS. Serial hs-TnT change was associated with real angiographic stenosis in patients with ACS.

19.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 121-129, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831224

ABSTRACT

Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is an important indicator of renal failure. However, regarding delta GFR in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is rare. In this study, it was examined whether the delta GFR had an adverse effect on outcomes in patients with AMI and multivessel disease (MVD). Among 13,105 consecutive patients enrolled in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction–National Institute of Health registry, 2619 with AMI and MVD who underwent percutaneous cardiac intervention (PCI) were assigned to the better delta GFR (group I, n=1432 [54.7%]) or worse delta GFR (group II, n=1187 [45.3%]) groups and followed for 3 or more years. The mean age of group I was lower than that of group II (62.64±11.52 years vs. 64.29±11.64 years; p<0.001). On multivariate analysis, delta GFR (hazard ratio, 1.50; 95% confidence interval, 1.05-2.13; p=0.024) was a negative risk factor for adverse cardiac events. Age over 65 years (p< 0.001), history of MI (p=0.008), low hemoglobin (p<0.001), high triglyceride (p=0.008), low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (p=0.002), and low left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (p<0.001) were prognostic factors for major adverse cardiac events (MACE). In patients with a GFR <60 mL/min/1.73 m2, mortality was increased by 0.9% in the multivessel PCI group and 0.7% in the IRA-only PCI group at the 1-year follow-up. According to the 3-year clinical follow-up analysis, prognosis was better in better delta GFR patients with AMI and MVD who underwent PCI than in worse delta GFR patients.

20.
Chonnam Medical Journal ; : 136-143, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831222

ABSTRACT

The present study sought to assess the impact of previous angina symptoms on real world clinical outcomes in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) who had undergone successful percutaneous coronary interventions using drug-eluting stents (DES). Patients were selected from 13,650 consecutive patients enrolled in the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction-National Institute of Health (KAMIR-NIH) registry. A total of 5167 STEMI patients were divided into a previous-angina group (n= 1129) and a control group (n=4038). Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) that included all-cause death, recurrent myocardial infarction (re-MI), repeat PCI, coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), cerebrovascular accident (CVA). Among the 5167 patients with STEMI, MACCEs had occurred in 168 patients in the previousangina group (14.9%) and 726 patients in the control group (18.0%) (HR, 0.76, 95% CI, 0.60-0.96, p=0.019) at the two-year (800-day) for clinical outcomes. Previous angina was associated with better clinical outcomes with respect to all-cause death (HR, 0.65, 95% CI, 0.44-0.96, p=0.029) and cardiac death (HR, 0.52, 95% CI, 0.31-0.84, p=0.008). Previous angina was a negative risk factor for adverse cardiac events. A previous history of angina predisposes a patient to a favorable outcome after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in patients with DES implantation.

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