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1.
Journal of Liver Cancer ; : 146-154, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892580

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Surgical resection, transplantation, and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) are generally accepted as amenable treatments for small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Recently drug-eluting beads (DEB) which had several treatment advantages were introduced for transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). The aim of this study was to evaluate feasibility and safety of DEB-TACE compared with RFA for the treatment of single small HCC. @*Methods@#In this pilot non-randomized trial, we assessed retrospective data of 40 patients who underwent DEB-TACE (n=21) or RFA (n=19) for single small (≤3 centimeter in greatest dimension) HCC. The primary outcomes were tumor response and time to recurrence. The secondary outcome was treatment-related complications. @*Results@#Complete response rate to DEB-TACE and RFA after first follow-up assessment was 90.5% and 94.7%, respectively (P=1.000). During mean follow-up of 87.6 months (95% confidence interval: 74.4-102), 7 patients experienced local recurrence. The 6- and 12-month cumulative local recurrence rate was 5.0% and 21.8% in DEB-TACE vs. 11.1% and 17.0% in RFA group (P=0.877). A total 14 distant intrahepatic recurrences were developed and 12- and 24-month cumulative distant intrahepatic recurrence rate was 20.6% and 42.7% in DEBTACE vs. 17.2% and 36.3% in RFA group (P=0.844). Two patients experienced gangrenous cholecystitis after DEB-TACE requiring cholecystectomy as treatment-related adverse event. @*Conclusions@#Tumor response and recurrence rate after single session of DEB-TACE or RFA were similar. DEB-TACE could be applied selectively in patients with a single small HCC if the other therapeutic modality is unfeasible.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891044

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Thyroid cancer (TC) and renal cell carcinoma (RCC) display more frequent co-occurrence than would be expected by chance. We investigated clinicopathological features of patients with both primary TC and primary RCC (TC/RCC) group to facilitate a greater understanding of the relationship between two cancers. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 53 patients who diagnosed with TC/RCC were enrolled. 13,663 TC-alone and 3279 RCC-alone patients who had undergone surgery at Samsung Medical Center between 1994 and 2014 were included as control groups. The clinicopathological characteristics of these patients were retrospectively reviewed. @*Results@#The median age at the time of TC or RCC diagnosis was 54 years in TC/RCC group and the RCC-alone group, while the patients in TC-alone group were significantly younger (47 years). The TC/RCC group showed a nearly equal sex prevalence (49% male), significantly different than the results of the TC-alone group (80% female) and RCC-alone group (71% male). A higher grade of pathologic stage (56.6% in stage 3) and greater number of patients with multifocality of thyroid tumors (45 vs. 32%), and more family history of cancer (32 vs. 0.4%) were revealed in TC/RCC group than in TC-alone group. In addition, 15.1% of patients in TC/RCC group presented with additional primary cancers such as prostate, colon, stomach, breast, and lung cancers. Conclusion: Patients in the TC/RCC group have a high rate of cancer family history, multifocality of thyroid tumors, and additional cancers. To understand this unique subset group, additional studies for environmental and genetic factors would be helpful for earlier diagnosis of combined cancers.

3.
Journal of Liver Cancer ; : 146-154, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900284

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Surgical resection, transplantation, and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) are generally accepted as amenable treatments for small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Recently drug-eluting beads (DEB) which had several treatment advantages were introduced for transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). The aim of this study was to evaluate feasibility and safety of DEB-TACE compared with RFA for the treatment of single small HCC. @*Methods@#In this pilot non-randomized trial, we assessed retrospective data of 40 patients who underwent DEB-TACE (n=21) or RFA (n=19) for single small (≤3 centimeter in greatest dimension) HCC. The primary outcomes were tumor response and time to recurrence. The secondary outcome was treatment-related complications. @*Results@#Complete response rate to DEB-TACE and RFA after first follow-up assessment was 90.5% and 94.7%, respectively (P=1.000). During mean follow-up of 87.6 months (95% confidence interval: 74.4-102), 7 patients experienced local recurrence. The 6- and 12-month cumulative local recurrence rate was 5.0% and 21.8% in DEB-TACE vs. 11.1% and 17.0% in RFA group (P=0.877). A total 14 distant intrahepatic recurrences were developed and 12- and 24-month cumulative distant intrahepatic recurrence rate was 20.6% and 42.7% in DEBTACE vs. 17.2% and 36.3% in RFA group (P=0.844). Two patients experienced gangrenous cholecystitis after DEB-TACE requiring cholecystectomy as treatment-related adverse event. @*Conclusions@#Tumor response and recurrence rate after single session of DEB-TACE or RFA were similar. DEB-TACE could be applied selectively in patients with a single small HCC if the other therapeutic modality is unfeasible.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898748

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Thyroid cancer (TC) and renal cell carcinoma (RCC) display more frequent co-occurrence than would be expected by chance. We investigated clinicopathological features of patients with both primary TC and primary RCC (TC/RCC) group to facilitate a greater understanding of the relationship between two cancers. @*Materials and Methods@#A total of 53 patients who diagnosed with TC/RCC were enrolled. 13,663 TC-alone and 3279 RCC-alone patients who had undergone surgery at Samsung Medical Center between 1994 and 2014 were included as control groups. The clinicopathological characteristics of these patients were retrospectively reviewed. @*Results@#The median age at the time of TC or RCC diagnosis was 54 years in TC/RCC group and the RCC-alone group, while the patients in TC-alone group were significantly younger (47 years). The TC/RCC group showed a nearly equal sex prevalence (49% male), significantly different than the results of the TC-alone group (80% female) and RCC-alone group (71% male). A higher grade of pathologic stage (56.6% in stage 3) and greater number of patients with multifocality of thyroid tumors (45 vs. 32%), and more family history of cancer (32 vs. 0.4%) were revealed in TC/RCC group than in TC-alone group. In addition, 15.1% of patients in TC/RCC group presented with additional primary cancers such as prostate, colon, stomach, breast, and lung cancers. Conclusion: Patients in the TC/RCC group have a high rate of cancer family history, multifocality of thyroid tumors, and additional cancers. To understand this unique subset group, additional studies for environmental and genetic factors would be helpful for earlier diagnosis of combined cancers.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919371

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) is a severe sequela caused by bisphosphonates (BPs), which are widely used to treat osteoporosis or other malignancies. However, the mechanism underlying BRONJ remains unclear. Recently, human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) have been studied for treatment of diverse diseases and injuries. This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects of hUC-MSCs in BRONJ. @*METHODS@#The therapeutic effects of hUC-MSCs were examined in rat bone marrow (rBM)-derived cells using cell viability, colony-forming, and real-time PCR assays and FACS for analyzing essential proinflammatory and bone regeneration markers in vitro. To demonstrate the in vivo therapeutic and adverse effects of transfused hUC-MSCs, microCT, H&E staining, IHC (Angiogenesis marker gene expression) staining, and parathyroid hormone (PTH)/calcium assay were conducted in a BRONJ-induced animal model. @*RESULTS@#BP-induced cytotoxicity and inflammation in rBM-derived cells decreased, after co-culture with hUC-MSCs. The expression levels of bone regeneration markers (RUNX2, OSX, and BMP-2) significantly increased in BP-treated rBM-derived cells, after co-culture with hUC-MSCs. The BP-induced abnormal shift in RANKL/OPG expression ratio in rBM-derived cells was normalized by hUC-MSCs. Consistent with these in vitro results, transfused hUC-MSCs markedly decreased BRONJ and significantly healed injured mucosa in the BRONJ-induced animal model. The animals exhibited serious destruction of the kidney structure and increases in serum PTH and calcium levels, which were significantly normalized by hUC-MSC transfusion. @*CONCLUSION@#hUC-MSCs exerted therapeutic effects on BRONJ in vitro and in vivo through their anti-cytotoxicity, anti-inflammatory activity and ability to recover bone regeneration.

7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920062

ABSTRACT

Sebaceomas of the external auditory canal (EAC) are extremely rare. The recognition of sebaceoma is important as this benign tumor can be be part of the spectrum of the Muir-Torre syndrome (MTS), which is associated with visceral malignancy and multiple adenomatous polyps. Proper histological identification is thus important for further investigation. We describe a rare case of a sebaceoma that was confined to the EAC. Subsequent immunohistochemical (IHC) staining analysis of the mismatch repair genes (MLH1, MSH2, MSH6, and PMS2) was needed to investigate MTS. Even though the patient has had the history of colon cancer, the result was negative. Otorhinolaryngologists should be aware of rare sebaceoma and its potential association with the internal malignancy, besides the limitation of IHC screening test.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765102

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The long-term data with direct acting antiviral agents were rare. This study investigated the durability of a sustained virologic response (SVR) and the improvement of fibrosis after daclatasvir and asunaprevir (DCV/ASV) treatment in genotype 1b (GT1b) hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients. METHODS: A total of 288 HCV GT1b patients without baseline non-structural 5A (NS5A) resistance-associated substitution (RAS) treated with DCV/ASV were enrolled. Virologic response was measured at 12 weeks and 1 year after treatment completion. In cirrhotic patients, liver function, aspartate transaminase to platelet ratio index (APRI), FIB-4 index, fibrosis index (FI), and liver stiffness measurement (LSM) at baseline and 1 year after treatment completion were evaluated. RESULTS: SVR12 was obtained in 278 patients (96.5%). Six patients who checked NS5A RAS after treatment failure were RAS positive. Only one patient showed no durability of SVR. In cirrhotic patients who achieved SVR12 (n = 59), the changes of albumin (3.8 [2.2–4.7] to 4.3 [2.4–4.9] g/dL; P < 0.001), platelet count (99 [40–329] to 118 [40–399] × 103/mm3; P < 0.001), APRI (1.8 [0.1–14.8] to 0.6 [0.1–4.8]; P < 0.001), FIB-4 index (5.45 [0.6–32.8] to 3.3 [0.4–12.2]; P < 0.001), FI (5.5 [0.6–32.8] to 3.3 [0.4–12.2]; P < 0.001), and LSM (17.2 [5.3–48.0] to 11.2 [3.7–28.1] kPa; P = 0.001) between baseline and 1 year after treatment completion were observed. CONCLUSION: DCV/ASV treatment for HCV GT1b infected patients without RAS achieved high SVR rates and showed durable SVR. Cirrhotic patients who achieved SVR12 showed the improvement of liver function and fibrosis markers.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Blood Platelets , Fibrosis , Genotype , Hepacivirus , Hepatitis C , Hepatitis , Humans , Liver , Platelet Count , Treatment Failure
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760644

ABSTRACT

Angiomatoid Spitz nevus is a variant of melanocytic nevus with prominent vasculature. Due to its pathologic features, angiomatoid Spitz nevus in the vaginal wall is extremely rare. A 42-year-old woman presented to the hospital with abnormal vaginal bleeding. Vaginal examination revealed a 2×2-cm well-demarcated tumor on the posterior wall of the vagina. The mass was successfully removed by complete excision and was diagnosed as angiomatoid Spitz nevus on pathologic examination. We present the first reported case of vaginal angiomatoid Spitz nevus, which caused vaginal bleeding. Although angiomatoid Spitz nevus has many histopathological similarities with malignant melanoma, precise histopathological diagnosis is important for preventing overtreatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Diagnosis , Female , Gynecological Examination , Humans , Medical Overuse , Melanoma , Nevus, Epithelioid and Spindle Cell , Nevus, Pigmented , Uterine Hemorrhage , Vagina
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716665

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the group B streptococcus (GBS) colonization rate in pregnant Korean women using selective culture media for GBS and to identify obstetrical complications and GBS-induced early-onset neonatal sepsis. METHODS: We evaluated 1,014 pregnant women who delivered at Busan Paik Hospital between January 2015 and December 2016. GBS colonization was assessed using chromID Strepto B agar. We evaluated GBS colonization in pregnant women, as well as the obstetrical complication and GBS-induced neonatal sepsis rates. RESULTS: The total GBS colonization rate was 11.6% (117/1,014). No significant increase was observed in the rate of pregnancy-related complications between the GBS-positive and the GBS-negative groups. Among the 134 neonates born to colonized mothers, early neonatal sepsis was reported in 2 neonates (1.5%); however, these were cases of non-GBS-induced sepsis. CONCLUSION: The GBS colonization rate (using selective culture media) in this study involving pregnant Korean women showed a higher colonization rate than that previously reported in Korea. Therefore, based on this study, we recommend GBS screening and the administration of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis in pregnant Korean women.


Subject(s)
Agar , Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Colon , Culture Media , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Korea , Mass Screening , Mothers , Pregnant Women , Prevalence , Sepsis , Streptococcus agalactiae , Streptococcus , Tertiary Care Centers , Tertiary Healthcare
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741684

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The purposes of the study were to investigate folate intakes and plasma folate concentrations as well as estimate folate status in Korean healthy adults. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 254 healthy 19- to 64-year-old adults (68 men and 186 women) living in Seoul metropolitan area, Gumi, and Kwangju, Korea participated. Three consecutive 24-hour dietary recalls, information on folate supplementation, and fasting blood samples were collected from the subjects. RESULTS: The mean dietary folate intakes were 587.4 and 499.2 µg dietary folate equivalent (DFE)/day for men and women, respectively. The median dietary intakes of men and women were 566.6 and 474.6 µg DFE/day, respectively. Forty subjects (16.7% of total) less total folate than the estimated average requirement (EAR). Folate intakes of 23.3% of men and 34.8% of women aged 19–29 years did not meet the EAR for folate. Major food sources consumed for dietary folate were baechukimchi (Chinese cabbage kimchi), rice, spinach, eggs, and laver, which provided 44% of dietary folate intake for the subjects. Plasma folate concentrations were 23.4 nmol/L for men and 28.3 nmol/L for women, and this level was significantly lower in men than in women. Approximately 13% of men and 3% of women were folate-deficient, and the percentages of subjects showing folate concentrations lower than 10 nmol/L were 27.9% of men and 6.4% of women. CONCLUSIONS: Folate intakes of Korean adults in this study were generally adequate. However, one-third of young adults had inadequate folate intakes.


Subject(s)
Adult , Brassica , Ear , Eggs , Fasting , Female , Folic Acid , Humans , Korea , Male , Middle Aged , Nutritional Status , Ovum , Plasma , Recommended Dietary Allowances , Seoul , Spinacia oleracea , Young Adult
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740571

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This research was conducted to identify the effects of a mother's nationality on adolescent oral health using data from the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (2016). METHODS: This research matched adolescent health behavior online survey results using propensity score matching and identified the influence of a mother's nationality on her adolescent child's oral health. A total of 715 adolescents whose mothers' nationalities were identified as not Korean were selected as research participants, and 715 adolescents were selected from 62,349 individuals whose mothers' nationalities were identified as Korean as a comparison group to undergo propensity score matching. RESULTS: Having a non-Korean mother showed no influence on adolescents' subjective oral health. Socioeconomic characteristics, oral health behaviors, and experience visiting dental clinics were identified as affecting oral health. CONCLUSIONS: The relationship between the characteristics of a multi-cultural family and oral health shown in this research suggests that health and welfare services essential to protect the rights to health must be maintained. Moreover, the results suggest that health services that focus on socioeconomically disadvantaged multi-cultural families must be seriously considered.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adolescent Health , Dental Clinics , Ethnicity , Health Services , Humans , Korea , Mothers , Oral Health , Propensity Score , Risk-Taking , Vulnerable Populations
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-149597

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Little is known regarding disease-specific mortality of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) patients and its risk factors in Korea. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a large multi-center cohort of thyroid cancer from six Korean hospitals and included 8,058 DTC patients who underwent initial surgery between 1996 and 2005. RESULTS: Mean age of patients at diagnosis was 46.2±12.3 years; 87% were females. Most patients had papillary thyroid cancer (PTC; 97%) and underwent total thyroidectomy (85%). Mean size of the primary tumor was 1.6±1.0 cm. Approximately 40% of patients had cervical lymph node (LN) metastases and 1.3% had synchronous distant metastases. During 11.3 years of follow-up, 150 disease-specific mortalities (1.9%) occurred; the 10-year disease-specific survival (DSS) rate was 98%. According to the year of diagnosis, the number of disease-specific mortality was not different. However, the rate of disease-specific mortality decreased during the study period (from 7.7% to 0.7%). Older age (≥45 years) at diagnosis, male, follicular thyroid cancer (FTC) versus PTC, larger tumor size (>2 cm), presence of extrathyroidal extension (ETE), lateral cervical LN metastasis, distant metastasis and tumor node metastasis (TNM) stage were independent risk factors of disease-specific mortality of DTC patients. CONCLUSION: The rate of disease-specific mortality of Korean DTC patients was 1.9%; the 10-year DSS rate was 98% during 1996 to 2005. Older age at diagnosis, male, FTC, larger tumor size, presence of ETE, lateral cervical LN metastasis, distant metastasis, and TNM stages were significant risk factors of disease-specific mortality of Korean DTC patients.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Diagnosis , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Korea , Lymph Nodes , Male , Mortality , Neoplasm Metastasis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroidectomy
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-9715

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether massive proteinuria in preeclampsia is associated with maternal and fetal complications. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical records of 233 patients who were diagnosed with preeclampsia. We divided the preeclamptic patients into three groups based on the amount of proteinuria: massive (≥5 g/24 hr), moderate (2 to 5 g/24 hr) and mild (<2 g/24 hr) proteinuria group. We analyzed the clinical characteristics and maternal and neonatal complications among three groups. RESULTS: Gestational age at diagnosis and delivery were lower in women with massive and moderate proteinuria group than women with mild proteinuria group (31.5±3.1 vs. 32.3±3.6 vs. 34.0±3.5 weeks, P<0.001 for gestational weeks at diagnosis; 34.6±3.6 vs. 35.1±4.1 vs. 36.9±4.0 weeks, P=0.001 for gestational age at delivery). In maternal complications, the incidences of pleural effusion and retinal detachment were significantly different among three groups (29.9% vs. 22.4% vs. 9.0%, P=0.004 for pleural effusion; 11.5% vs. 3.0% vs. 1.3%, P=0.009 for retinal detachment). Creatinine levels were higher and albumin levels were lower in the massive proteinuria group than in the moderate and mild groups. However, other maternal and neonatal complications were not significantly different among three groups. CONCLUSION: Massive proteinuria might be associated with renal albumin excretion-related morbidity, such as pleural effusion, retinal detachment, and low serum albumin levels. Furthermore, it was associated with early-onset preeclampsia and early delivery.


Subject(s)
Creatinine , Diagnosis , Female , Gestational Age , Humans , Incidence , Pleural Effusion , Pre-Eclampsia , Pregnancy Complications , Proteinuria , Retinal Detachment , Retinaldehyde , Retrospective Studies , Serum Albumin
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-72415

ABSTRACT

Familial dysalbuminemic hyperthyroxinemia (FDH) is an inherited disease characterized by increased circulating total thyroxine (T4) levels and normal physiological thyroid function. Heterozygous albumin gene (ALB) variants have been reported to be the underlying cause of FDH. To our knowledge, there have been no confirmed FDH cases in Korea. We recently observed a female patient with mild T4 elevation (1.2 to 1.4-fold) and variable levels of free T4 according to different assay methods. Upon Sanger sequencing of her ALB, a heterozygous c.725G>A (p.Arg242His) variant was identified. The patient's father and eldest son had similar thyroid function test results and were confirmed to have the same variant. Although the prevalence of FDH might be very low in the Korean population, clinical suspicion is important to avoid unnecessary evaluation and treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Albumins/genetics , Base Sequence , Female , Heterozygote , Humans , Hyperthyroxinemia, Familial Dysalbuminemic/genetics , Pedigree , Radioimmunoassay , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Thyroxine/analysis
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-110655

ABSTRACT

Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome is a rare congenital anomaly of the urogenital tract, which is characterized by the triad of uterus didelphys, obstructed hemivagina, and ipsilateral renal agenesis. It usually presents at puberty with pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, and a vaginal or pelvic mass. Although rare, it may present with purulent vaginal discharge due to secondary infection of the obstructed hemivagina, making diagnosis difficult. A careful pelvic examination to identify the cervix and vagina is the key to the diagnosis of Müllerian duct anomalies and magnetic resonance imaging can provide additional useful information. The optimal treatment is full excision and marsupialization of the obstructing vaginal septum so that both uteri can drain through the patent vagina. The authors report a case of a 22-year-old female with an unusual presentation of Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome complicated by pyocolpos, which was successfully managed by vaginal septum resection and drainage of pus.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Cervix Uteri , Coinfection , Diagnosis , Drainage , Dysmenorrhea , Female , Gynecological Examination , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Pelvic Pain , Puberty , Suppuration , Uterus , Vagina , Vaginal Discharge , Young Adult
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-110654

ABSTRACT

Disorders of sex development (DSD) are congenital conditions characterized by atypical development of chromosomal, gonadal, and phenotypic sex. 46, XY DSD can result from disorders of testicular development or disorders of androgen synthesis/action. Prophylactic gonadectomy should be considered in patients with 46, XY DSD because of the increased risk of gonadal malignancy. We report two rare cases of 46, XY DSD, including XY pure gonadal dysgenesis and complete androgen insensitivity syndrome, who underwent a prophylactic gonadectomy.


Subject(s)
Disorder of Sex Development, 46,XY , Androgen-Insensitivity Syndrome , Disorders of Sex Development , Female , Gonadal Dysgenesis , Gonadal Dysgenesis, 46,XY , Gonads , Humans , Karyotype , Male
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-202901

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Stress-induced cognitive impairment is related to the suppression of hippocampal neurogenesis that results from an increase of oxidative stress. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of administration of a blueberry drink, having a high antioxidant power, on the cognitive performance of adult rats exposed to chronic mild stress. MATERIALS/METHODS: Twelve-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 48) were randomly divided into four groups: control (CO), stress (ST), control + 5% blueberry drink (CO + B), and stress + 5% blueberry drink (ST + B). After eight weeks, the cognitive performance was assessed using a multiple T-maze water test. Levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), and ascorbic acid were measured in the brain, and catecholamine concentrations were measured in plasma. RESULTS: The brain weights of the rats from the ST and ST + B groups were significantly lower than those of the rats from the CO and CO + B groups. The cognitive performance of the ST group was impaired when compared to that of the CO group. This impairment was significantly improved by the blueberry drink supplementation (P < 0.05). The brain SOD and CAT concentrations were not influenced by the stress or by the blueberry drink. However, the brain levels of GPx and ascorbic acid were significantly lower in the ST group than those in the CO group and were increased by the blueberry drink supplementation. The plasma catecholamine concentrations were affected by chronic mild stress and by the blueberry drink. The plasma norepinephrine and dopamine concentrations were decreased by the chronic stress and improved by the blueberry drink supplementation. The plasma epinephrine level was only influenced by the stress. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that the blueberry drink may protect against the cognitive impairment induced by chronic mild stress.


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Ascorbic Acid , Blueberry Plants , Brain , Catalase , Cats , Cognition Disorders , Dopamine , Epinephrine , Glutathione Peroxidase , Humans , Male , Neurogenesis , Norepinephrine , Oxidative Stress , Plasma , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Superoxide Dismutase , Water , Weights and Measures
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-122569

ABSTRACT

An indirect inguinal hernia containing the fallopian tube alone is extremely rare in reproductive-aged women without any genital tract anomalies. Despite this rarity, early diagnosis and adequate management is important to prevent strangulation and recurrence. We present a case of an indirect inguinal hernia containing only the fallopian tube in the hernia sac, which was successfully reduced by using a laparoscopic total extraperitoneal approach and repaired with a polypropylene mesh.


Subject(s)
Early Diagnosis , Fallopian Tubes , Female , Hernia , Hernia, Inguinal , Herniorrhaphy , Humans , Laparoscopy , Polypropylenes , Recurrence
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-173780

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Energy production and the rebuilding and repair of muscle tissue by physical activity require folate and vitamin B12 as a cofactor. Thus, this study investigated the effects of regular moderate exercise training and durations of acute aerobic exercise on plasma folate and vitamin B12 concentrations in moderate exercise trained rats. MATERIALS/METHODS: Fifty rats underwent non-exercise training (NT, n = 25) and regular exercise training (ET, n = 25) for 5 weeks. The ET group performed moderate exercise on a treadmill for 30 min/day, 5 days/week. At the end of week 5, each group was subdivided into 4 groups: non-exercise and 3 exercise groups. The non-exercise group (E0) was sacrificed without exercising and the 3 exercise groups were sacrificed immediately after exercising on a treadmill for 0.5 h (E0.5), 1 h (E1), and 2 h (E2). Blood samples were collected and plasma folate and vitamin B12 were analyzed. RESULTS: After exercise training, plasma folate level was significantly lower and vitamin B12 concentration was significantly higher in the ET group compared with the NT group (P < 0.05). No significant associations were observed between plasma folate and vitamin B12 concentrations. In both the NT and ET groups, plasma folate and vitamin B12 were not significantly changed by increasing duration of aerobic exercise. Plasma folate concentration of E0.5 was significantly lower in the ET group compared with that in the NT group. Significantly higher vitamin B12 concentrations were observed in the E0 and E0.5 groups of the ET group compared to those of the NT group. CONCLUSION: Regular moderate exercise training decreased plasma folate and increased plasma vitamin B12 levels. However, no significant changes in plasma folate and vitamin B12 concentrations were observed by increasing duration of acute aerobic exercise.


Subject(s)
Animals , Exercise , Folic Acid , Motor Activity , Plasma , Rats , Rodentia , Vitamin B 12 , Vitamins
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