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1.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 618-624, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003240

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Tinnitus is one of the most common health conditions worldwide. Although various methods of treatment have been used, the condition is still difficult to manage or cure. This study aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effects of transcutaneous trigeminal electrical stimulation (TTES) combined with notched sound therapy (NST) on patients with tinnitus. @*Materials and Methods@#A clinical trial was conducted prospectively from September 2020 to September 2021 at a single center in South Korea. In total, 14 patients took part in this trial. Periodic visits and tele-monitoring were used to assess treatment compliance and collect data, including electroencephalography (EEG), photoplethysmography (PPG), tinnitus handicap inventory (THI), tinnitus magnitude index, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and 36-item short-form survey (SF-36) results. @*Results@#Changes after intervention were analyzed with paired t-test. This study showed that alpha waves in the left hemisphere measured by EEG (p=0.024), autonomic nervous system balance (p=0.007), and stress level (p=0.022) measured by PPG significantly changed after intervention. Also, THI scores especially emotional symptoms (p=0.029) and catastrophic symptoms (p=0.043) decreased after treatment. The SF-36 score, both mental component summary and physical component summary score (each p<0.001), increased significantly, whereas the PSQI score (p<0.001) and BDI score (p<0.001) decreased after TTES and NST. @*Conclusion@#Based on the results of our study, we could confirm that TTES combined with NST can significantly improve tinnitus, catastrophic symptoms, and the overall quality of life of patients.

2.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 334-341, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999875

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#Acute low-tone sensorineural hearing loss (ALHL) is thought to have a different etiology from that of idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss. We hypothesized that endolymphatic hydrops (EH) in the inner ear organ contributes to ALHL, even in patients without vertigo. This study investigated the presence of EH in ALHL and compared the clinical characteristics of patients with or without EH. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed 38 patients diagnosed with ALHL without vertigo from January 2017 to March 2022. EH was measured in all patients using inner ear magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In addition, we selected patients who showed only mid- or high-frequency hearing loss and had available MRI data as a control group and compared the ALHL and control groups. @*Results@#After treatment, the pure-tone average at low frequencies significantly improved compared to the initial hearing (P<0.001). Hearing recovery was observed in 63.1% of patients; however, the recovery rate did not differ based on the treatment method. During the follow-up period, six patients (15.8%) progressed to Meniere’s disease, and 18 (47.4%) experienced recurrence. In the ALHL group, the cochlear hydrops ratio on the affected side (0.34±0.09) was significantly higher than on the contralateral side (0.29±0.12) (P=0.005), and most patients showed hydrops in the apex area of the cochlea. Compared with the control group (0.25±0.15), the ALHL group showed a significantly higher cochlear hydrops ratio (P=0.043). The correlation analysis showed a tendency for hearing thresholds at low frequencies to increase as the hydrops ratio increased, albeit without statistical significance. @*Conclusion@#The cochlear hydrops ratio, especially in the apex area on the affected side, was significantly higher in patients with ALHL, suggesting that EH in the cochlea contributes to the pathogenesis of ALHL.

3.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e11-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915532

ABSTRACT

Background@#The purpose of this study was two-fold: 1) to identify differences in the characteristics of adopters and non-adopters of hearing aids (HAs); and 2) to investigate factors influencing the purchase of HA. @*Methods@#This study was conducted among 1,464 subjects (818 male and 646 female) with hearing loss. A national face-to-face survey was performed from August 2019 to October 2020 by otologists or HA experts. The questionnaire consisted of three domains:demographic, audiological, and HA-related domains. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed after adjusting for degree of hearing loss. @*Results@#The mean age of the participants was 70.4 ± 12.2 years. Of the 1,464 respondents, 1,190 (81.3%) had already purchased HA. We identified educational level, household income, hearing loss period, place of HA purchase, and government HA assistance program status as factors influencing HA adoption. Among these factors, third party reimbursement was the most important factor affecting HA purchase intent. The main reasons for not adopting HA were feeling that their hearing was adequate, inability to afford HA, and perceptions that HA are uncomfortable. @*Conclusion@#Various factors are involved in the purchase of HA, but disabled registration status and third party reimbursement were identified as the most critical factors. In the future, the government should take a more active role in increasing the distribution of HA to patients with hearing loss.

4.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e94-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925943

ABSTRACT

Background@#Hearing loss (HL) is the most common chronic disease and has been linked to negative health outcomes. Hearing aids (HAs) are regarded as the gold standard for HL management, however, the adoption rate of HAs is relatively low for various reasons. With this background, hearing devices, such as personal sound amplification products (PSAPs) received significant attention as an alternative to conventional HAs. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical efficacy of PSAPs in patients with mild to moderately severe HL. @*Methods@#Nineteen patients with mild hearing loss (MHL), 23 with moderate hearing loss (MDHL), and 15 with moderately severe hearing loss (MSHL) participated in the study.Electroacoustic analysis, simulated real-ear measurements (REMs), and three clinical evaluations were implemented. @*Results@#All devices satisfied the electroacoustic tolerances. All devices provided sufficient gain for MHL and MDHL audiograms. However, in MSHL audiogram, the gains of PSAPs were insufficient, especially for high frequencies. In terms of clinical evaluations, soundfield audiometry showed significant improvements between aided and unaided thresholds in all groups for all devices (P < 0.001). Significant improvements of word recognition scores were only shown for HAs between aided and unaided conditions. The Korean version of the Hearing In Noise Test did not show any consistent findings for all devices and groups. @*Conclusion@#Certain PSAPs are beneficial for improving hearing and speech perception in patients with HL. Well-chosen PSAPs could be an alternative hearing rehabilitation option for these patients.

5.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e182-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925920

ABSTRACT

Background@#The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical effectiveness of Ponto in Korea, a recently released percutaneous bone-anchored hearing implant. @*Methods@#16 patients with single-sided deafness (SSD) and mixed or conductive hearing loss who underwent Ponto implantation from December 2018 to September 2020 were enrolled in the study. Puretone audiometry, the Korean version of the Hearing in Noise Test (K-HINT), sound localization test (SLT), and Pupillometry were performed pre- and three months post-operation. Standardized questionnaires, the Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly (HHIE) and Speech, Spatial and Qualities of Hearing Scale (SSQ), were administered. @*Results@#The mean age of subjects was 55.5 (range, 48–67) years. Four males and 12 females participated in the study. The mean puretone average was 73.17 dB hearing level (HL) before surgery and significantly improved to 36.72 dB HL three months after surgery. The mean word recognition score improved from 26.0% to 90.75% after implantation. In the case of K-HINT, there was a significant difference in summation (Z = −2.250, P = 0.024) and head shadow effects (Z = −3.103, P = 0.002). There was no significant difference in root mean square error degree (RMSE) and hemifield identification scores for SLT testing. Pupillometry was performed to measure listening effort and the results revealed that the degree of pupillary dilatation decreased under the condition of quiet, 0 dB signal to noise ratio (SNR) and 3 dB SNR. The total score for HHIE decreased significantly (Z = −3.130, P = 0.002) while the SSQ score increased significantly (Z = −2.216, P = 0.027). @*Conclusions@#The Ponto bone-anchored hearing system showed significant clinical benefit in Korean patients with conductive and mixed hearing loss and SSD.

6.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 60-68, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925721

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. This study was conducted to investigate the electroacoustic characteristics of personal sound amplification products (PSAPs), to identify whether PSAPs provide adequate gain and output for three common hearing loss (HL) configurations, and to compare the benefits of a representative PSAP (RPSAP) and a conventional hearing aid (HA) for clinical hearing outcomes as a pilot study. @*Methods@#. The study comprised three phases: electroacoustic analysis, simulated real-ear measurements (REMs), and clinical hearing experiments. Electroacoustic analysis and simulated REMs were performed for three basic PSAPs (BeethoSOL, EarJJang, and Geniesori2) and three high-end PSAPs (Hearing Able, Olive Smart Ear, and SoriIn) using the Aurical Hearing Instrument Test box with a 2-mL coupler. Four electroacoustic characteristics (maximum output sound pressure level at 90 dB SPL, frequency range, equivalent input noise, and total harmonic distortion) were investigated. By simulated REMs, appropriate levels of the six PSAPs for three common HL configurations (mild-to-moderate high-frequency HL, moderate to moderately severe sloping HL, and moderate flat HL) were determined. Clinical experiments compared the performance of RPSAP to HA, both of which were fitted by audiologists using REMs. Clinical experiments were administered using functional gain, a word recognition test, and the Korean version of the Hearing in Noise Test in six participants with bilateral moderate sensorineural HL. @*Results@#. The two high-end devices met all tolerances. One basic and two high-end PSAPs showed appropriate levels for three common HL configurations. In the clinical experiments, the RPSAP showed better performance than unaided, but slightly worse than HA under all test conditions. @*Conclusion@#. Certain PSAPs met all specified tolerances for electroacoustic analysis and approximated prescriptive targets in well-controlled laboratory conditions. The pilot clinical experiments explored the possibility that the RPSAP could serve as a hearing assistive device for patients with moderate HL.

7.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 570-577, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927138

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The purpose of this study is three-fold: 1) to evaluate factors influencing hearing aid (HA) satisfaction; 2) to provide a profile of HA satisfaction in daily life; and 3) to examine the reasons why people gave up using HAs. @*Materials and Methods@#Data for 1148 respondents were statistically analyzed and reported. @*Results@#In the study, age (β=-0.03, p<0.01), level of education (β=1.21, p<0.01), HA purchase price (β=1.50, p<0.01), bilateral amplification (β=1.23, p<0.01), wearing time (β=0.28, p<0.01), and HA fitting and fine tuning on a regular basis (β=1.71, p<0.01) significantly influenced HA satisfaction. In addition, the authors observed that the most satisfactory factors were clarity of sound (53.5%), people’s trust in their HA (61.7%), and listening from a quiet environment (72.8%) in the domains of sound quality, HA features, and listening environments, respectively. Finally, with multiple choices being possible, 65% of the 40 respondents who no longer used HAs answered that their HAs ended up in a drawer since the background noise was annoying and distracting. @*Conclusion@#This study is significant in that it is a large-scale multi-center research to comprehensively examine the factors influencing HA satisfaction in South Korea. This data will provide helpful information that could lead to the successful rehabilitation of hearing loss with HAs.

8.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 185-191, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897595

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. The aim of this study was to investigate the current university admission rate and experiences of educational support among students with cochlear implants (CIs) in South Korea. @*Methods@#. A prospective online survey was conducted to examine the university admission process and academic support for students with CIs. Thirty individuals who took the college entrance exams at least 3 years after CI surgery were invited to participate, although two did not respond. The survey consisted of three topics (demographics, university admission process, and academic support) and 25 items regarding laws and policies related to university admission and support for students with hearing disabilities in Korea. @*Results@#. The university matriculation rate for students with CI was 85.7% (24/28), of whom 50% were admitted through the special admission process for students with disabilities. Most universities provided teaching and learning support and rental services for assistive devices for students with disabilities to help them better adapt to school life. However, only a small percentage of the students benefited from accommodation services, and 62.5% and 12.5% of the students received teaching and learning support and used assistive devices, respectively. @*Conclusion@#. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate the university admission process and university disability services for students with CIs in South Korea. The results of this study will be helpful for young CI recipients and their parents as they prepare for university entrance.

9.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 268-277, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897579

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. Patients’ clinical presentation is critical for identifying suspected perilymphatic fistula (PLF). The involvement of third-window lesions in the pathomechanism of PLF has been hypothesized. This study investigated the clinical features of PLF and the relationship of the third-window effect with PLF. @*Methods@#. Sixty patients underwent surgical exploration for suspected PLF and the oval and round windows were reinforced. Clinical features including demographics, pure-tone audiometry (PTA), and videonystagmography were evaluated preoperatively and 1 month postoperatively. Surgical outcomes were analyzed according to the improvement of hearing and vestibular symptoms and signs. The conductive components of PTA (air-bone gap [ABG]) were measured, and the relationship between ABG closure after surgery and hearing improvement was analyzed. In addition, postoperative subjective dizziness was assessed by clinical interviews. Changes in positional nystagmus were analyzed according to ABG closure and hearing improvement. @*Results@#. ABG at lower frequencies (LFABG; 250 Hz, 500 Hz, 1,000 Hz) was present in 27 patients (45%). Postoperatively, PTA significantly improved after surgical repair. Among the patients with preoperative LFABG (n=27), 15 (55.5%) showed postoperative ABG closure and significant improvement in PTA at all frequencies compared with the patients without ABG closure (P=0.012). Subjective dizziness improved in 57 patients (93.3%). Positional nystagmus was found in 45 of 49 patients. Multiple canal involvement was more common than single canal involvement (67% vs. 33%). The horizontal semicircular canal was most commonly involved, followed by the posterior and anterior canals. Postoperatively, positional nystagmus disappeared, or the number of involved canals decreased in 22 of 34 patients (64.7%). @*Conclusion@#. Pseudo-conductive hearing loss at lower frequencies and positional nystagmus originating from multiple semicircular canals were common findings in PLF. Surgical reinforcement of the oval and round windows improved the hearing threshold accompanied by closure of ABG. A third-window lesion might explain these clinical features of PLF.

10.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 185-191, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889891

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. The aim of this study was to investigate the current university admission rate and experiences of educational support among students with cochlear implants (CIs) in South Korea. @*Methods@#. A prospective online survey was conducted to examine the university admission process and academic support for students with CIs. Thirty individuals who took the college entrance exams at least 3 years after CI surgery were invited to participate, although two did not respond. The survey consisted of three topics (demographics, university admission process, and academic support) and 25 items regarding laws and policies related to university admission and support for students with hearing disabilities in Korea. @*Results@#. The university matriculation rate for students with CI was 85.7% (24/28), of whom 50% were admitted through the special admission process for students with disabilities. Most universities provided teaching and learning support and rental services for assistive devices for students with disabilities to help them better adapt to school life. However, only a small percentage of the students benefited from accommodation services, and 62.5% and 12.5% of the students received teaching and learning support and used assistive devices, respectively. @*Conclusion@#. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to investigate the university admission process and university disability services for students with CIs in South Korea. The results of this study will be helpful for young CI recipients and their parents as they prepare for university entrance.

11.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 268-277, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889875

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. Patients’ clinical presentation is critical for identifying suspected perilymphatic fistula (PLF). The involvement of third-window lesions in the pathomechanism of PLF has been hypothesized. This study investigated the clinical features of PLF and the relationship of the third-window effect with PLF. @*Methods@#. Sixty patients underwent surgical exploration for suspected PLF and the oval and round windows were reinforced. Clinical features including demographics, pure-tone audiometry (PTA), and videonystagmography were evaluated preoperatively and 1 month postoperatively. Surgical outcomes were analyzed according to the improvement of hearing and vestibular symptoms and signs. The conductive components of PTA (air-bone gap [ABG]) were measured, and the relationship between ABG closure after surgery and hearing improvement was analyzed. In addition, postoperative subjective dizziness was assessed by clinical interviews. Changes in positional nystagmus were analyzed according to ABG closure and hearing improvement. @*Results@#. ABG at lower frequencies (LFABG; 250 Hz, 500 Hz, 1,000 Hz) was present in 27 patients (45%). Postoperatively, PTA significantly improved after surgical repair. Among the patients with preoperative LFABG (n=27), 15 (55.5%) showed postoperative ABG closure and significant improvement in PTA at all frequencies compared with the patients without ABG closure (P=0.012). Subjective dizziness improved in 57 patients (93.3%). Positional nystagmus was found in 45 of 49 patients. Multiple canal involvement was more common than single canal involvement (67% vs. 33%). The horizontal semicircular canal was most commonly involved, followed by the posterior and anterior canals. Postoperatively, positional nystagmus disappeared, or the number of involved canals decreased in 22 of 34 patients (64.7%). @*Conclusion@#. Pseudo-conductive hearing loss at lower frequencies and positional nystagmus originating from multiple semicircular canals were common findings in PLF. Surgical reinforcement of the oval and round windows improved the hearing threshold accompanied by closure of ABG. A third-window lesion might explain these clinical features of PLF.

12.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 249-254, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831294

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#. Bone-anchored hearing device (BAHD) is contraindicated in patients younger than 5 years because their calvarial bones are not thick enough to be implanted site. However, it has not been studied in the Korean population. This study was not only to establish a safe guideline for depth of implant device in all age groups who undergo BAHD implant surgery, but also to investigate whether implantation of currently used BAHDs could be done safely in Korean children, especially those younger than 5. @*Methods@#. Two hundred eighty patients, who underwent high-resolution temporal bone computed tomography (TBCT) images between August 2010 and October 2018 were randomly enrolled in all ages. We retrospectively reviewed TBCT imaging to measure skull bone thickness at the recommended BAHD implant site. @*Results@#. The average skull bone thickness was 2.87 mm in patients younger than 5 years and 6.72 mm in patients older than 5 years, respectively, which conforms to the current guideline. The results indicate nearly 50% of calvarial bone thicknesses were less than 3 mm in patients under 5 years old, while 92.78% of the patients older than 5 years of age showed bone thickness greater than 4 mm. Of note, calvarial bone thickness was thicker than 3 mm in all patients who are older than 6 years. @*Conclusion@#. This study confirms that the currently approved BAHD implantation guideline is suitable in the Korean population. For safety, we suggest taking TBCTs prior to surgery, especially in pediatric patients. Besides, noninvasive applications are recommended for patients younger than 5.

13.
Journal of Rhinology ; : 16-20, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836283

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) recurs frequently after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). The aim of study was to evaluate the efficacy of triamcinolone-soaked absorbable gelatin foam (gelfoam) as a treatment for recurred polypoid changes after ESS.Subjects and Method: A total of 35 patients and 57 nasal cavities was retrospectively reviewed. All patients underwent triamcinolone- infused gelfoam packing for 1 week under nasal endoscopic guidance. Endoscopic scores were evaluated at 1 week, 1 month, and 3 months. We analyzed clinical characteristics between success and failure groups. @*Results@#Endoscopic scores were significantly improved after triamcinolone-soaked gelfoam packing, and the effects were maintained at 3-month follow-up (1.85±0.61 vs. 0.82±0.77, p<0.001). Duration between surgery and gelfoam packing was shorter in the success group compared to the failure group (8.2±6.9 vs. 13.7±8.4 weeks, p=0.033). Serum eosinophil cationic protein and tissue eosinophil counts were significantly higher in the failure group (p=0.025 and p=0.010, respectively). @*Conclusion@#Triamcinolone-soaked gelfoam packing is an effective and safe method for managing recurrent polypoid change in patients with CRSwNP after ESS. Early intervention contributed to a successful result, and eosinophilic inflammation was associated with poor outcomes.

14.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 101-107, 2020.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920101

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#The purpose of this study was to figure out the clinical effectiveness of the bluetooth wireless streaming when used with a hearing aid during cell phone conversation for hearing-impaired listeners.Subjects and Method Twenty-four adults with hearing loss participated (mild: 3, moderate: 13, moderately severe: 8) in the study. The following three objective tests and one subjective questionnaire were administered to all participants; 1) consonant and Monosyllabic test in an noisy environment, 2) speech recognition test in quiet and noisy conditions, 3) listening effort test, and 4) questionnaire about sound quality and preference. Each objective test was conducted in three different cell phone conversation environments as follows; 1) unaided condition, 2) aided condition, with the bluetooth function off, and 3) aided condition, with the bluetooth function on. @*Results@#In the aided condition with the bluetooth function off, performance on consonant and monosyllabic tests was the lowest (p<0.05). However, when the bluetooth function was turned on, the result showed statistically significant superior performance (p<0.05). For the words and sentences test in noisy conditions, using wireless streaming feature with the hearing aids were beneficial compared to not using the feature (p<0.05). However, no significant difference was found between the bluetooth off and on conditions in quiet conditions. Listening effort was significantly lower in noisy background for aided bluetooth on condition (p<0.05). There was no significant difference in sound quality according to each condition, but the preference of Bluetooth feature was overwhelmingly high. @*Conclusion@#Bluetooth wireless streaming is beneficial during phone conversation in noisy environments for users of hearing aids.

15.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 411-415, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-647752

ABSTRACT

Middle ear implantation is indicted for patients who have sensorineural, conductive or mixed hearing loss when conventional surgery or hearing aids do not producde sufficient improvement. This study reports the long-term results of an active middle ear implant, the Vibrant Soundbridge® (VSB) implantation, in a patient with unilateral congenital aural atresia (CAA). VSB was implanted for hearing rehabilitation after failed canaloplasty in a 15-year-old girl. After exposure of deformed ossicle, the floating mass tranceducer was coupled to the stapes head and subsequent subtotal petrosectomy was completed. Preoperative pure-tone air conduction threshold was 68.8 dB, which improved to 15 dB at one year of surgery. The mean aided free field speech discrimination in quiet was 98%. The speech understanding in noise evaluated by the composite score of Hearing-In-Noise test improved from SNR −2.5 dB to −5.2 dB. We present a first report of VSB implantation in a patient with unilateral CAA in Korea. The patient showed a significant hearing gain after the implantation of VSB; moreover, her hearing in noisy environment also showed improvement.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Female , Humans , Head , Hearing , Hearing Aids , Hearing Loss , Hearing Loss, Mixed Conductive-Sensorineural , Korea , Noise , Ossicular Prosthesis , Rehabilitation , Speech Perception , Stapes
16.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 96-103, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-652972

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Consonants are uttered in the high frequency range in speech to bring out understanding of our language. As consonants convey most of the word information, listeners with high-frequency hearing loss find it hard to understand speech. Non-linear frequency compression (NLFC) technology compresses and moves higher frequencies into a lower frequency region where better residual hearing is present. The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical effectiveness of NLFC technology in patients with high-frequency hearing loss. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Twelve ears representing patients with sloping, high-frequency sensorineural hearing loss were involved in this study. Pure-tone audiometry and Threshold Equalizing Noise Test were conducted initially in all subjects. The subjects were tested in the counter-balanced order, and had two months of everyday experience with NLFC on/off before testing took place. A resting period intervened the two phases. Performance was repeatedly evaluated with Sound Field Audiometry, Word Recognition Score, Reception Threshold for Sentences and Korean version of International Outcome Inventory for Hearing Aids. RESULTS: Cochlear dead region was detected on 4 kHz of both ears in only one subject. Each subject showed diverse performance and satisfaction with active NLFC condition. Typically, audibility of high-frequency pure-tones improved with NLFC-on condition. However, speech perception both in quiet and noise was not much improved when compared with NLFC-off condition. CONCLUSION: The NLFC technology could improve audibility in high-frequency, but failed to demonstrate benefits regarding speech perception. Further research is needed to validate the effectiveness of the NLFC technology especially in terms of speech intelligibility.


Subject(s)
Humans , Audiometry , Audiometry, Pure-Tone , Ear , Hearing , Hearing Aids , Hearing Loss, High-Frequency , Hearing Loss, Sensorineural , Noise , Speech Intelligibility , Speech Perception
17.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 422-429, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-87796

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Head and neck reconstruction is still challenging in terms of esthetic and functional outcomes. This study investigated the feasibility of the angular branch-based scapular tip free flap (STFF). METHODS: This was a retrospective study of 17 patients undergoing maxillectomy and mandibulectomy and either primary or secondary reconstruction by STFF. This study included surgical, esthetic, and functional outcomes, and detailed data are presented regarding the flap, such as pedicle length, size of the harvested bone, and failure rate. Medical photographs were used to estimate the esthetic outcome, and computed tomography was used to check the flap status postoperatively. RESULTS: The data were collected from April 2013 to April 2014. Eight patients underwent maxillary reconstruction, and nine underwent mandibular reconstruction. Maxillary defects usually included unilateral alveolar structures and the palate; mandibular defects were usually those involving mandibular angle and short segment. Vein grafting was not required in any of the patients. Flap failure occurred in one of the 17 patients (5.9%) with successful reconstruction after revision. Of the eight maxillectomy patients, orbital revisions for diplopia after maxillary reconstruction were performed in two patients (25%), and oroantral fistula repair was performed in one patient (12.5%). CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated the reconstructive advantages of the angular branch-based STFF, long pedicle, low flap failure, 3-dimensional nature of bone and soft tissues (chimeric flap), and small rate of donor site morbidity with free ambulation. This flap is an excellent option for use in complex three-dimensional head and neck reconstruction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diplopia , Free Tissue Flaps , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Head , Mandibular Reconstruction , Neck , Orbit , Oroantral Fistula , Palate , Retrospective Studies , Scapula , Tissue Donors , Transplants , Veins , Walking
18.
Journal of Rhinology ; : 123-127, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-157192

ABSTRACT

Upper airway tuberculosis usually develops as a secondary infection from pulmonary tuberculosis, and primary upper airway tuberculosis, especially in nasopharynx, is a rare disease. The appropriate treatment for nasopharyngeal tuberculosis has been difficult because of complicated initial diagnosis and suspicion. Physicians should consider various granulomatous diseases in differential diagnosis. However, upper airway tuberculosis can be highly contagious, like pulmonary tuberculosis; therefore, early diagnosis and proper management are important. We recently experienced the successful early diagnosis and treatment of two cases of nasopharyngeal tuberculosis and report these cases with a review of the literature.


Subject(s)
Coinfection , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Early Diagnosis , Nasopharynx , Rare Diseases , Tuberculosis , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary
19.
Journal of the Korean Balance Society ; : 89-95, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761174

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The patients with bilateral vestibulopathy (BV) suffer from unsteadiness and oscillopsia, and despite of appropriate rehabilitation, permanent disability is inevitable. However, the level of functional outcomes could be influenced by whether there is residual vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) or not. Under the hypothesis that residual VOR function could result in better performances, we tried to compare in functional outcomes between complete and incomplete BV. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty patients who have been diagnosed with BV in our institution were retrospectively reviewed retrospectively between 2008 and 2012. We classified them into complete BV group (n=19) and incomplete BV (n=31) group according to the presence of residual VOR. Among them, 31 patients responded to telephone survey (6 in complete group and 25 in incomplete group). The survey includes 5 categories such as the subjective dizziness restriction on daily life, oscillopsia, unsteadiness and depression. Each score ranged from 0 to 4 and patients were asked twice in different time period. RESULTS: There was no difference in etiology between complete and incomplete group. Incomplete group showed significant improvement in dizziness, restriction on daily life, oscillopsia and unsteadiness compared to complete group. Among 5 catergories, dizziness score was significantly improved in incomplete group (each mean improved sore+/-standard deviation; dizziness 1.84+/-0.83, oscillopsia 0.44+/-0.64, unsteadiness 1+/-1.09, depression 0.24+/-0.86 restriction on daily life 1.16+/-0.97). CONCLUSION: The presence of residual VOR function had better functional outcomes in bilateral vestibulopathy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Depression , Dizziness , Prognosis , Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular , Rehabilitation , Retrospective Studies , Telephone
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