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1.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 482-495, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999963

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The histologic status of the immune-tolerant (IT) phase of chronic hepatitis B relative to long-term outcomes is unclear. This study aimed to discover how the serological criteria currently in use correspond to histologic criteria in determining the IT phase and indication for liver biopsy. @*Methods@#Patients in the serological IT phase determined by positive hepatitis B e antigen, hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA ≥106 IU/mL, and normal or minimally elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤60 IU/L, who underwent liver biopsy at three different hospitals were included. The distribution of the histologic IT phase, defined as fibrosis of stage 1 or less and inflammation of grade 1 or less, was compared with that of the serological IT phase. The risk factors for the incidence of liver-related events, such as hepatocellular carcinoma, liver cirrhosis, liver transplantation, and death, were also analyzed. @*Results@#Eighty-two (31.7%) out of 259 clinically suspected IT phase patients belonged to the histologic IT phase. Age over 35, high AST, and low albumin were useful for ruling out the histologic IT phase. Risk factors predicting liver-related events were age and significant fibrosis stage. There was no significant difference in the proportion of histologic IT phase and clinical prognosis between normal ALT and mildly elevated ALT groups. However, even in patients with normal ALT, age was an important factor in predicting the presence of the histologic IT phase. @*Conclusions@#A significant number of patients who belonged to the serological IT phase were not in the histologic IT phase. Patients over 35 years and those with high AST, low albumin, and low HBV DNA levels were more likely to experience poor long-term clinical outcomes. Therefore, additional histologic assessment should be considered.

2.
Archives of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery ; : 102-108, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999474

ABSTRACT

Background@#Many people with a longer second toe or lesser toes experience symptoms such as corns, hammertoe, and numerous others, especially when wearing open-toe shoes. Proximal interphalangeal joint arthrodesis using intraosseous loop wiring performed through a hidden side incision is a useful method to shorten the lesser toes aesthetically. @*Methods@#Aesthetic toe-shortening procedures were performed in 30 patients. All patients were evaluated by a physical examination and X-rays, and they underwent proximal interphalangeal joint arthrodesis using intraosseous loop wiring through a medial incision. Demographic characteristics, including foot morphology, were analyzed. The number of resected toes and resection amounts of each toe were measured. Patients’ satisfaction was determined through a questionnaire administered at each follow-up. @*Results@#In total, 91 toe-shortening procedures were performed in 30 patients who were followed up for an average of 24 months (range, 6–48 months). Sixteen patients had Greek-type feet (53.3%) and 14 had square-type feet (46.7%). Twelve patients had hammer toe deformity (40.0%) and 13 had corns (43.3%). The average length of the resected second and third toes was 9.66±2.79 mm (range, 5–15 mm) and 7.78±2.51 mm (range, 5–12 mm), respectively. The vast majority of patients were satisfied with the final results. No significant complications such as nonunion occurred. Only one case of mild angulation of the second toe was noted. @*Conclusions@#Aesthetic toe-shortening using the procedure described here can prevent the development of lessor toe deformities and provide permanent, aesthetically pleasing results with a short recovery time.

3.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 291-296, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-977425

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Ear reconstruction is one of the most difficult areas in the field of reconstructive surgery. Due to limitations of the current practice, a novel method of auricular reconstruction is needed. Major advancements in three-dimensional (3D) printing technique have rendered the process of ear reconstruction more favorable. Herein, we present our experience in designing and clinically using 3D implants in both 1st and 2nd stage ear reconstruction surgery. @*Materials and Methods@#After obtaining 3D CT data from each patient, a 3D geometric ear model was created using mirroring and segmentation processes. The 3D-printed implant design resembles but does not exactly match the normal ear shape, and can be inserted in harmony with the currently used surgical technique. The 2nd stage implant was designed to minimize dead space and support the posterior ear helix. The 3D implants were finally fabricated with a 3D printing system and used in ear reconstruction surgery in our institute. @*Results@#The 3D implants were manufactured for application to the currently used two-stage technique while maintaining the shape of the patient’s normal ear. The implants were successfully used for ear reconstruction surgery in microtia patients. A few months later, the 2nd stage implant was used in the 2nd stage operation. @*Conclusion@#The authors were able to design, fabricate, and apply patient-specific 3D-printed ear implants for 1st and 2nd stage ear reconstruction surgeries. This design, combined with 3D bioprinting technique, may be a future alternative for ear reconstruction.

4.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 172-177, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1002782

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Surface-guided radiation therapy is an image-guided method using optical surface imaging that has recently been adopted for patient setup and motion monitoring during treatment. We aimed to determine whether the surface guide setup is accurate and efficient compared to the skin-marking guide in prostate cancer treatment. @*Materials and Methods@#The skin-marking setup was performed, and vertical, longitudinal, and lateral couch values (labeled as "M") were recorded. Subsequently, the surface-guided setup was conducted, and couch values (labeled as "S") were recorded. After performing cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT), the final couch values was recorded (labeled as "C"), and the shift value was calculated (labeled as "Gap (M-S)," "Gap (M-C)," "Gap (S-C)") and then compared. Additionally, the setup times for the skin marking and surface guides were also compared. @*Results@#One hundred and twenty-five patients were analyzed, totaling 2,735 treatment fractions. Gap (M-S) showed minimal differences in the vertical, longitudinal, and lateral averages (-0.03 cm, 0.07 cm, and 0.06 cm, respectively). Gap (M-C) and Gap (S-C) exhibited a mean difference of 0.04 cm (p = 0.03) in the vertical direction, a mean difference of 0.35 cm (p = 0.52) in the longitudinal direction, and a mean difference of 0.11 cm (p = 0.91) in the lateral direction. There was no correlation between shift values and patient characteristics. The average setup time of the skin-marking guide was 6.72 minutes, and 7.53 minutes for the surface guide. @*Conclusion@#There was no statistically significant difference between the surface and skin-marking guides regarding final CBCT shift values and no correlation between translational shift values and patient characteristics. We also observed minimal difference in setup time between the two methods. Therefore, the surface guide can be considered an accurate and time-efficient alternative to skin-marking guides.

5.
Journal of Liver Cancer ; : 189-201, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967542

ABSTRACT

Background@#/Aim: Abdominal ultrasonography (USG) is recommended as a surveillance test for high-risk groups for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study aimed to analyze the current status of the national cancer surveillance program for HCC in South Korea and investigate the effects of patient-, physician-, and machine-related factors on HCC detection sensitivity. @*Methods@#This multicenter retrospective cohort study collected surveillance USG data from the high-risk group for HCC (liver cirrhosis or chronic hepatitis B or C >40 years of age) at eight South Korean tertiary hospitals in 2017. @*Results@#In 2017, 45 experienced hepatologists or radiologists performed 8,512 USG examinations. The physicians had a mean 15.0±8.3 years of experience; more hepatologists (61.4%) than radiologists (38.6%) participated. Each USG scan took a mean 12.2±3.4 minutes. The HCC detection rate by surveillance USG was 0.3% (n=23). Over 27 months of follow-up, an additional 135 patients (0.7%) developed new HCC. The patients were classified into three groups based on timing of HCC diagnosis since the 1st surveillance USG, and no significant intergroup difference in HCC characteristics was noted. HCC detection was significantly associated with patient-related factors, such as old age and advanced fibrosis, but not with physician- or machine-related factors. @*Conclusions@#This is the first study of the current status of USG as a surveillance method for HCC at tertiary hospitals in South Korea. It is necessary to develop quality indicators and quality assessment procedures for USG to improve the detection rate of HCC.

6.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 25-34, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967067

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Implant-based breast reconstruction is the most common reconstruction method used after mastectomy in breast cancer patients. Many studies have compared the smooth round implants and textured anatomical implants. This study aimed to compare the complications, including capsular contracture, between these two implants used in direct-toimplant (DTI) breast reconstruction. @*Methods@#This retrospective chart review was performed using a prospectively maintained database from a single center. We identified patients who underwent mastectomy with DTI single-stage breast reconstruction at our hospital between August 2011 and June 2021. The overall complications, including capsular contracture, postoperative infection, seroma, hematoma, implant rupture, implant exposure, rippling, implant malposition, and nipple necrosis, were analyzed. @*Results@#In total, 340 breasts of 323 patients were reconstructed by the DTI approach using either textured anatomical (n = 203) or smooth round (n = 137) implants. The incidence of overall complications and capsular contracture was significantly lower with smooth round implants than with textured anatomical implants. Multivariate analysis showed that smooth round implants were associated with a reduced risk of overall complications (odds ratio [OR], 0.465; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.265–0.813) and capsular contracture (OR, 0.475; 95% CI, 0.235–0.962). Particularly, smooth round implants were associated with a decreased risk of overall complications in patients not receiving adjuvant chemotherapy and a decreased risk of capsular contracture in patients with body mass index < 25 kg/m2 and in those not receiving adjuvant radiotherapy. @*Conclusion@#Smooth round implants demonstrated a decreased risk of overall complications and capsular contracture when compared with textured anatomical implants. These results may be utilized in counseling patients regarding the advantages and disadvantages of smooth round implants in DTI breast reconstruction.

7.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 285-293, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927005

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The objective of this study was to determine whether the newly developed two-dimensional shear wave elastography (2D-SWE, RS85, Samsung-shearwave imaging) was more valid and reliable than transient elastography (TE) for predicting the stage of liver fibrosis. @*Methods@#The study prospectively enrolled a total of 116 patients with chronic liver disease who underwent 2D-SWE, TE, laboratory testing, and liver biopsy on the same day from two tertiary care hospitals. One patient with unreliable measurement was excluded. The measurement of 2D-SWE was considered acceptable when a homogenous color pattern in a region of interest of at least 10 mm was detected at 10 different sites. Diagnostic performance was calculated using area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUROC). @*Results@#Liver fibrosis stages included F0 (18%), F1 (19%), F2 (24%), F3 (22%), and F4 (17%). Interclass correlation coefficient for inter-observer agreement in 2D-SWE was 0.994 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.988 to 0.997). Overall, the results of 2D-SWE and stages of histological fibrosis were significantly correlated (r = 0.601, p < 0.001). For The 2D-SWE showed good diagnostic ability (AUROC, 0.851; 95% CI, 0.773 to 0.911) comparable to TE (AUROC, 0.859; 95% CI, 0.781 to 0.916) for the diagnosis of significant fibrosis (≥ F2), and the cut-off value was 5.8 kPa. AUROC and optimal cut-off of 2D-SWE for the diagnosis of liver cirrhosis were 0.889 (95% CI, 0.817 to 0.940) and 9.6 kPa, respectively. TE showed similar diagnostic performance in distinguishing cirrhosis (AUROC, 0.938; 95% CI, 0.877 to 0.974; p = 0.08). @*Conclusions@#2D-SWE is comparable to TE in diagnosing significant fibrosis and liver cirrhosis with high reliability.

8.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 207-218, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925757

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#We compared the post-treatment overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) between patients with Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) class-A and single small (≤3 cm) hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated by surgical resection (SR) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA). @*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed 391 HCC patients with CTP class-A who underwent SR (n=232) or RFA (n=159) as first-line therapy for single small (≤3 cm) HCC. Survival was compared according to the tumor size (≤2 cm/2–3 cm) and the presence of cirrhosis. Inverse probability of treatment weighting (IPW) method was used to estimate the average causal effect of treatment. @*Results@#The median follow-up period was 64.8 months (interquartile range, 0.1–162.6). After IPW, the estimated OS was similar in the SR and RFA groups (P=0.215), and even in patients with HCC of ≤2 cm (P=0.816) and without cirrhosis (P=0.195). The estimated RFS was better in the SR group than in the RFA groups (P=0.005), also in patients without cirrhosis (P<0.001), but not in those with HCC of ≤2 cm (P=0.234). The weighted Cox proportional hazards model with IPW provided adjusted hazard ratios (95% confidence interval) for OS, and the RFS after RFA versus SR were 0.698 (0.396–1.232) (P=0.215) and 1.698 (1.777–2.448) (P=0.005), respectively. @*Conclusions@#SR was similar for OS compared to RFA, but was better for RFS in patients with CTP class-A and single small (≤3 cm) HCC. The RFS was determined by the presence or absence of cirrhosis. Hence, SR rather than RFA should be considered in patients without cirrhosis to prolong the RFS, although there is no OS difference.

9.
Archives of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery ; : 79-83, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925525

ABSTRACT

Complications arising from breast augmentation procedures are broadly categorized as either surgery-related or prosthesis-related. Many reports have described complications associated with breast augmentation. However, to date, periareolar post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (PIH) after breast augmentation has not been reported. Herein, we report a case of PIH after augmentation mammoplasty using a silicone implant through the periareolar approach. A 35-year-old woman, who underwent bilateral breast augmentation using a periareolar approach, presented with bilateral periareolar tissue changes, with dark brown, irregular macules appearing 6 weeks postoperatively. Based on clinical symptoms and histological examination, the lesion was diagnosed as PIH. Topical hydroquinone and retinoic acid were applied for 8 weeks after the pigmentation appeared. After 6 months of observation, the pigmentation faded. To summarize, we report a case of pigmentation around the bilateral nipples after periareolar breast augmentation along with a literature review.

10.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 491-514, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895992

ABSTRACT

In 2017, Korean Society of Medical Oncology (KSMO) published the Korean management guideline of metastatic prostate cancer. This paper is the 2nd edition of the Korean management guideline of metastatic prostate cancer. We updated recent many changes of management in metastatic prostate cancer in this 2nd edition guideline. The present guideline consists of the three categories: management of metastatic hormone sensitive prostate cancer; management of metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer; and clinical consideration for treating patients with metastatic prostate cancer. In category 1 and 2, levels of evidence (LEs) have been mentioned according to the general principles of evidence-based medicine. And grades of recommendation (GR) was taken into account the quality of evidence, the balance between desirable and undesirable effects, the values and preferences, and the use of resources and GR were divided into strong recommendations (SR) and weak recommendations (WR). A total of 16 key questions are selected. And we proposed recommendations and described key evidence for each recommendation. The treatment landscape of metastatic prostate cancer is changing very rapid and many trials are ongoing. To verify the results of the future trials is necessary and should be applied to the treatment for metastatic prostate cancer patients in the clinical practice. Especially, many prostate cancer patients are old age, have multiple underlying medical comorbidities, clinicians should be aware of the significance of medical management as well as clinical efficacy of systemic treatment.

11.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 202-209, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895577

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To investigate the safety and efficacy of hypofractionated radiation therapy (HFRT) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer who are unfit for surgery or stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) at our institution. @*Materials and Methods@#From May 2007 to December 2018, HFRT was used to treat 68 lesions in 64 patients who were unsuitable for SBRT because of central tumor location, large tumor size, or contiguity with the chest wall. The HFRT schedule included a dose of 50–70 Gy delivered in 10 fractions over 2 weeks. The primary outcome was freedom from local progression (FFLP), and the secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS), disease-free survival, and toxicities. @*Results@#The median follow-up period was 25.5 months (range, 5.3 to 119.9 months). The FFLP rates were 79.8% and 67.8% at 1 and 2 years, respectively. The OS rates were 82.8% and 64.1% at 1 and 2 years, respectively. A larger planning target volume was associated with lower FFLP (p = 0.023). Dose escalation was not associated with FFLP (p = 0.964). Four patients (6.3%) experienced grade 3–5 pulmonary toxicities. Tumor location, central or peripheral, was not associated with either grade 3 or higher toxicity. @*Conclusion@#HFRT with 50–70 Gy in 10 fractions demonstrated acceptable toxicity; however, the local control rate can be improved compared with the results of SBRT. More studies are required in patients who are unfit for SBRT to investigate the optimal fractionation scheme.

12.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 197-206, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874440

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) reflects portal hypertension, but its measurement is invasive. Transient elastography (TE) is a noninvasive method for evaluating liver stiffness (LS). We investigated the correlation between the value of LS, LS to platelet ratio (LPR), LS-spleen diameter-to-platelet ratio score (LSPS) and HVPG according to the etiology of cirrhosis, especially focused on alcoholic cirrhosis. @*Methods@#Between January 2008 and March 2017, 556 patients who underwent HVPG and TE were consecutively enrolled. We evaluated LS, LPR, and LSPS according to the etiology of cirrhosis and analyzed their correlations with HVPG. @*Results@#The LS value was higher in patients with alcoholic cirrhosis than viral cirrhosis based on the HVPG (43.5 vs. 32.0 kPa, P<0.001). There were no significant differences in the LPR or LSPS between alcoholic and viral cirrhosis groups, and the areas under the curves for the LPR and LSPS in subgroups according to HVPG levels were not superior to that for LS. In alcoholic cirrhosis, the LS cutoff value for predicting an HVPG ≥10 mmHg was 32.2 kPa with positive predictive value (PPV) of 94.5% and 36.6 kPa for HVPG ≥12 mmHg with PPV of 91.0%. @*Conclusions@#The LS cutoff value should be determined separately for patients with alcoholic and viral cirrhosis. In alcoholic cirrhosis, the LS cutoff values were 32.2 and 36.6 kPa for predicting an HVPG ≥10 and ≥12 mmHg, respectively. However, there were no significant differences in the LPR or LSPS between alcoholic and viral cirrhosis groups.

13.
Archives of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery ; : 3-11, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874232

ABSTRACT

Background@#The early diagnosis and treatment of skin and soft tissue infections caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are important, especially as infections with rapidly growing mycobacteria (RGM) are rare and difficult to diagnose and treat. Recently, we identified 22 cases of NTM infections; in this study, we suggest treatment strategies by analyzing the demographic characteristics and treatment progress of these patients. @*Methods@#A retrospective study of patients with NTM infections from 2009 to 2019 was conducted. To identify NTM infections, acid-fast bacillus (AFB) staining, Gram staining, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and cultures of mycobacteria were performed. Empirical treatment with a combination of antibiotics or surgery was performed; species identification and drug susceptibility tests were performed by the Korean National Tuberculosis Association. The final regimen was determined after obtaining the test results. @*Results@#The mean incubation time of NTM was 4.32±2.88 weeks. RGM were detected in mycobacterial cultures in 21 of the 22 NTM patients. The results of AFB staining were negative in all patients, although PCR was positive for NTM in one patient. Fourteen patients were hospitalized for treatment with intravenous antibiotics and surgery. Treatment with a combined regimen of oral antibiotics was maintained for a mean of 5.41±1.85 months. @*Conclusions@#The unusual clinical manifestations of skin and soft tissue infections caused by NTM make them difficult to diagnose. Suspicion of NTM based on clinical presentation and a detailed examination should be followed by proper treatment involving multiple antibiotics and surgery in these patients.

14.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 491-514, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903696

ABSTRACT

In 2017, Korean Society of Medical Oncology (KSMO) published the Korean management guideline of metastatic prostate cancer. This paper is the 2nd edition of the Korean management guideline of metastatic prostate cancer. We updated recent many changes of management in metastatic prostate cancer in this 2nd edition guideline. The present guideline consists of the three categories: management of metastatic hormone sensitive prostate cancer; management of metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer; and clinical consideration for treating patients with metastatic prostate cancer. In category 1 and 2, levels of evidence (LEs) have been mentioned according to the general principles of evidence-based medicine. And grades of recommendation (GR) was taken into account the quality of evidence, the balance between desirable and undesirable effects, the values and preferences, and the use of resources and GR were divided into strong recommendations (SR) and weak recommendations (WR). A total of 16 key questions are selected. And we proposed recommendations and described key evidence for each recommendation. The treatment landscape of metastatic prostate cancer is changing very rapid and many trials are ongoing. To verify the results of the future trials is necessary and should be applied to the treatment for metastatic prostate cancer patients in the clinical practice. Especially, many prostate cancer patients are old age, have multiple underlying medical comorbidities, clinicians should be aware of the significance of medical management as well as clinical efficacy of systemic treatment.

15.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 202-209, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903281

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To investigate the safety and efficacy of hypofractionated radiation therapy (HFRT) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer who are unfit for surgery or stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) at our institution. @*Materials and Methods@#From May 2007 to December 2018, HFRT was used to treat 68 lesions in 64 patients who were unsuitable for SBRT because of central tumor location, large tumor size, or contiguity with the chest wall. The HFRT schedule included a dose of 50–70 Gy delivered in 10 fractions over 2 weeks. The primary outcome was freedom from local progression (FFLP), and the secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS), disease-free survival, and toxicities. @*Results@#The median follow-up period was 25.5 months (range, 5.3 to 119.9 months). The FFLP rates were 79.8% and 67.8% at 1 and 2 years, respectively. The OS rates were 82.8% and 64.1% at 1 and 2 years, respectively. A larger planning target volume was associated with lower FFLP (p = 0.023). Dose escalation was not associated with FFLP (p = 0.964). Four patients (6.3%) experienced grade 3–5 pulmonary toxicities. Tumor location, central or peripheral, was not associated with either grade 3 or higher toxicity. @*Conclusion@#HFRT with 50–70 Gy in 10 fractions demonstrated acceptable toxicity; however, the local control rate can be improved compared with the results of SBRT. More studies are required in patients who are unfit for SBRT to investigate the optimal fractionation scheme.

16.
Journal of the Korean Society of Laryngology Phoniatrics and Logopedics ; : 29-34, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901226

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#Tracheostomy lead to persistent bacterial colonization of the respiratory tract. Surgical site infection and restenosis by the pathogenic bacteria is the most fatal complication after open airway surgery. The aim of this study is to describe the culture results of larynx and tracheostoma in patients with tracheostomy and the preoperative, intraoperative culture results in patients underwent open airway surgery.Materials and Method A retrospective review was performed on 18 patients who underwent culture between 2017 and 2019. @*Results@#Pseudomonas or antibiotic resistance bacteria were identified in 11 patients out of 18 patients (61.1%); Ceftriaxone-resistant Streptococcus (38.9%), Pseudomonas (33.3%), Methicillin- resistant Staphylococcus aureus (16.7%), extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL) producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (11.1%). Among 18 patients, 6 patients showed the different culture result between larynx and tracheostoma. In 4 out of 10 patients who underwent open airway surgery, the bacteria were not identified before surgery, but the bacteria were isolated in the intraoperative culture. In one patient, the bacteria detected intraoperatively were different from those detected before surgery. @*Conclusion@#Preoperative respiratory tract culture and usage of perioperative antibiotics according to the culture are necessary. It is crucial to verify the bacterial culture in both tracheostoma and larynx. And it should be performed immediately before open airway surgery.

17.
Journal of Liver Cancer ; : 81-86, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900265

ABSTRACT

Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is a useful treatment option for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). TACE can particularly be used as a treatment for localized HCC, where surgical resection is impossible due to decreased liver function. However, TACE is associated with several complications, including vascular complications, liver failure, non-target embolization, infection, and death. The main risk factor for complications after TACE is decreased liver function. There have been only few reports of brain abscesses after TACE that are difficult to be distinguished from hepatic encephalopathy. Here, we report a rare case of brain abscess caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae that occurred after TACE.

18.
Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health ; : 38-43, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899543

ABSTRACT

Objectives@#This study aimed to confirm the correlation between BMI and the prevalence of periodontal disease in adults, using data from the National Health and Nutrition Survey. @*Methods@#The data included general characteristics and oral examination results of individuals surveyed in the 7th National Health and Nutrition Survey (2016-2018). Among the variables examined, age, gender, education, income, obesity, hypertension, diabetes, high cholesterol, smoking/drinking, oral examination, and brushing habits were considered as the general characteristics of the study participants. Individuals with more than 4 mm depth of the periodontal pocket were defined as having periodontal disease. BMI was classified into underweight (BMI<18.5 kg/m2 ) and normal (18.5 kg/m2

19.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 323-329, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897416

ABSTRACT

At the end of 2019, the cause of pneumonia outbreaks in Wuhan, China, was identified as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. In February 2020, the World Health Organization named the disease cause by SARS-CoV-2 as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In response to the pandemic, the Korean Cancer Association formed the COVID-19 task force to develop practice guidelines. This special article introduces the clinical practice guidelines for cancer patients which will help oncologists best manage cancer patients during the COVID-19 pandemic.

20.
Korean Journal of Urological Oncology ; : 232-243, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918264

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To construct a urologic cancer database using a standardized, reproducible method, and to assess preliminary characteristics of this cohort. @*Materials and Methods@#Patients with prostate, bladder, and kidney cancers who were enrolled with diagnostic codes in the electronic medical record (EMR) at Asan Medical Center from 2007–2016 were included. Research Electronic Data Capture (REDCap) was used to design the Asan Medical Center-Urologic Cancer Database (AMC-UCD). The process included developing a data dictionary, applying branching logic, mapping clinical data warehouse structures, alpha testing, clinical record summary testing, creating “standards of procedure,” importing data, and entering data. Descriptive statistics were used to identify rates of surgeries and numbers of patients. @*Results@#Clinical variables (n=407) were selected to develop a data dictionary from REDCap. In total, 20,198 urologic cancer patients visited our institution from 2007–2016 (bladder cancer, 4,616; kidney cancer, 5,750; prostate cancer, 10,330). The overall numbers of patients and surgeries increased over time, with robotic surgeries rapidly growing over a decade. The most common treatment for urologic cancer was surgery, followed by chemotherapy and radiation therapy. @*Conclusions@#Using a standardized method, the AMC-UCD fosters multidisciplinary research. This constructed database provides access to clinical statistics to effectively assist research. Preliminary data should be refined through EMR chart review. The successful organization of data from 2007–2016 provides a framework for future periods of investigation and prospective models.

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