Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 83
Filter
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919195

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Veno-occlusive disease/sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (VOD/SOS) is one of the most fatal complications of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), and defibrotide is the only curative drug. We conducted this study to confirm the survival rate of VOD/SOS patients diagnosed in Korea and assess the efficacy of defibrotide. @*Methods@#Patients diagnosed with VOD/SOS after allogenic HCT between 2003 and 2020 were enrolled. We investigated day +100 survival rates and associated risk factors in patients who satisfied the modified Seattle criteria within 50 days of HCT. @*Results@#A total of 110 patients satisfied the modified Seattle criteria, of which 65.5% satisfied the Baltimore criteria. Thirty-seven patients were treated with defibrotide. The day +100 survival rate of the 110 patients was 65.3%. The survival rates in patients who did not meet the Baltimore criteria and in those who did were 86.8% and 53.7%, respectively (p = 0.001). The day +100 survival rate of patients treated with defibrotide was 50.5%. Among the patients receiving defibrotide, those whose creatinine levels were more than 1.2 times the baseline had a significantly lower survival rate at 26.7% (p = 0.014). On multivariate regression analysis, the hazard ratio of satisfaction of the Baltimore criteria was 4.54 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.69 to 12.21; p = 0.003). In patients treated with defibrotide, the hazard ratio was 8.70 (95% CI, 2.26 to 33.45; p = 0.002), when creatinine was more than 1.2 times the baseline on administration. @*Conclusions@#The day +100 survival rate was significantly lower when the Baltimore criteria were satisfied, and when there was an increase in creatinine at the time of defibrotide administration.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913833

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is a rare disease in children and there are some different characteristics between children and adult. We aimed to evaluate incidence, clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of pediatric APL in Korea. @*Materials and Methods@#Seventy-nine pediatric APL patients diagnosed from January 2009 to December 2016 in 16 tertiary medical centers in Korea were reviewed retrospectively. @*Results@#Of 801 acute myeloid leukemia children, 79 (9.9%) were diagnosed with APL. The median age at diagnosis was 10.6 years (range, 1.3 to 18.0). Male and female ratio was 1:0.93. Thirty patients (38.0%) had white blood cell (WBC) count greater than 10×109/L at diagnosis. All patients received induction therapy consisting of all-trans retinoic acid and chemotherapy. Five patients (6.6%) died during induction chemotherapy and 66 patients (86.8%) achieved complete remission (CR) after induction chemotherapy. The causes of death were three intracranial hemorrhage, one cerebral infarction, and one sepsis. Five patients (7.1%) suffered a relapse during or after maintenance chemotherapy. The estimated 4-year event-free survival and overall survival (OS) rates were 82.1%±4.4%, 89.7%±5.1%, respectively. The 4-year OS was significantly higher in patients with initial WBC < 10×109/L than in those with initial WBC ≥ 10×109/L (p=0.020). @*Conclusion@#This study showed that the CR rates and survival outcomes in Korean pediatric APL patients were relatively good. The initial WBC count was the most important prognostic factor and most causes of death were related to serious bleeding in the early stage of treatment.

3.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1184-1194, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913813

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Effectiveness and safety of clofarabine (one of the treatment mainstays in pediatric patients with relapsed/refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia [ALL]) was assessed in Korean pediatric patients with ALL to facilitate conditional coverage with evidence development. @*Materials and Methods@#In this multicenter, prospective, observational study, patients receiving clofarabine as mono/combination therapy were followed up every 4-6 weeks for 6 months or until hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Response rates, survival outcomes, and adverse events were assessed. @*Results@#Sixty patients (2-26 years old; 65% B-cell ALL, received prior ≥ 2 regimen, 68.3% refractory to previous regimen) were enrolled and treated with at least one dose of clofarabine; of whom 26 (43.3%) completed 6 months of follow-up after the last dose of clofarabine. Fifty-eight patients (96.7%) received clofarabine combination therapy. Overall remission rate (complete remission [CR] or CR without platelet recovery [CRp]) was 45.0% (27/60; 95% confidence interval [CI], 32.4 to 57.6) and the overall response rate (CR, CRp, or partial remission [PR]) was 46.7% (28/60; 95% CI, 34.0 to 59.3), with 11 (18.3%), 16 (26.7%), and one (1.7%) patients achieving CR, CRp, and PR, respectively. The median time to remission was 5.1 weeks (95% CI, 4.7 to 6.1). Median duration of remission was 16.6 weeks (range, 2.0 to 167.6 weeks). Sixteen patients (26.7%) proceeded to HSCT. There were 24 deaths; 14 due to treatment-emergent adverse events. @*Conclusion@#Remission with clofarabine was observed in approximately half of the study patients who had overall expected safety profile; however, there was no favorable long-term survival outcome in this study.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831569

ABSTRACT

Background@#Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) constitutes 10%–20% of all malignant lymphomas and has a high cure rate (5-year survival, around 90%). Recently, interest has increased concerning preventing secondary complications (secondary cancer, endocrine disorders) in long-term survivors. We aimed to study the epidemiologic features and therapeutic outcomes of HL in children, adolescents, and young adults in Korea. @*Methods@#We performed a multicenter, retrospective study of 224 patients aged < 25 years diagnosed with HL at 22 participating institutes in Korea from January 2007 to August 2016. @*Results@#A higher percentage of males was diagnosed at a younger age. Nodular sclerosis histopathological HL subtype was most common, followed by mixed cellularity subtype.Eighty-one (36.2%), 101 (45.1%), and 42 (18.8%) patients were classified into low, intermediate, and high-risk groups, respectively. Doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, dacarbazine was the most common protocol (n = 102, 45.5%). Event-free survival rate was 86.0% ± 2.4%, while five-year overall survival (OS) rate was 96.1% ± 1.4%: 98.7% ± 1.3%, 97.7% ± 1.6%, and 86.5% ± 5.6% in the low, intermediate, and high-risk groups, respectively (P = 0.021). Five-year OS was worse in patients with B-symptoms, stage IV disease, highrisk, splenic involvement, extra-nodal lymphoma, and elevated lactate dehydrogenase level.In multivariate analysis, B-symptoms and extra-nodal involvement were prognostic factors for poor OS. Late complications of endocrine disorders and secondary malignancy were observed in 17 and 6 patients, respectively. @*Conclusion@#This is the first study on the epidemiology and treatment outcomes of HL in children, adolescents, and young adults in Korea. Future prospective studies are indicated to develop therapies that minimize treatment toxicity while maximizing cure rates in children, adolescents, and young adults with HL.

5.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831549

ABSTRACT

Background@#Hereditary hemolytic anemia (HHA) is a rare disease characterized by premature red blood cell (RBC) destruction due to intrinsic RBC defects. The RBC Disorder Working Party of the Korean Society of Hematology established and updated the standard operating procedure for making an accurate diagnosis of HHA since 2007. The aim of this study was to investigate a nationwide epidemiology of Korean HHA. @*Methods@#We collected the data of a newly diagnosed pediatric HHA cohort (2007–2016) and compared this cohort's characteristics with those of a previously surveyed pediatric HHA cohort (1997–2006) in Korea. Each participant's information was retrospectively collected by a questionnaire survey. @*Results@#A total of 369 children with HHA from 38 hospitals distributed in 16 of 17 districts of Korea were investigated. RBC membranopathies, hemoglobinopathies, RBC enzymopathies, and unknown etiologies accounted for 263 (71.3%), 59 (16.0%), 23 (6.2%), and 24 (6.5%) of the cases, respectively. Compared to the cohort from the previous decade, the proportions of hemoglobinopathies and RBC enzymopathies significantly increased (P < 0.001 and P = 0.008, respectively). Twenty-three of the 59 hemoglobinopathy patients had immigrant mothers, mostly from South-East Asia. @*Conclusion@#In Korea, thalassemia traits have increased over the past 10 years, reflecting both increased awareness of this disease and increased international marriages. The enhanced recognition of RBC enzymopathies is due to advances in diagnostic technique; however, 6.5% of HHA patients still do not have a clear diagnosis. It is necessary to improve accessibility of diagnosing HHA.

6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763519

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) in children less than one year of age is less well characterized compared to ITP in toddlers and school-age children. Since children of different ages may have differing clinical courses, better delineation of the natural history of ITP in infants is needed. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the admission records of 248 consecutive pediatric patients between 1 month and 15 years of age who were admitted and treated for acute ITP at Pusan National University Children's Hospital from 2009 through 2017. All patients less than 1 year of age were identified and enrolled in this study. We investigated their demographics, clinical features, laboratory examinations, response to treatment, and long-term outcomes and made a comparison to those of children aged 1 to 10 years of age. RESULTS: Ninety nine infants were identified. Male to female ratio was highest in infants and decreased with age. Seventy nine (79.8%) of the 99 infant were found to be under 6 months old. The median platelet counts at diagnosis was 6×10⁹/L. Minor bleeding (bleeding score 0–2) was significantly dominant in infant compared to older subjects. Eighty two (96.5%) out of 85 patients achieved complete remission after initial intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) treatment. The relapse rate after initial CR was significantly lower than older ages (P=0.003). The platelet count after IVIG treatment in infant showed more rapid response compared to older subjects (P=0.04). Follow up information at 12 months was available for 70 infants. Chronic ITP at 12 month was seen less frequently in infants than in children 1 to 10 years of age (1.4% vs. 20.2%, P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Infants with acute ITP respond more favorably to IVIG treatment and are less likely to develop chronic ITP compared to children 1 to 10 years of age.


Subject(s)
Child , Demography , Diagnosis , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Hemorrhage , Humans , Immunoglobulins , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous , Infant , Male , Natural History , Platelet Count , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763505

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: von Willebrand disease (VWD) is one of the most common inherited bleeding disorders. However, the number of patients who register to the Korea Hemophilia Foundation (KHF) is much lower than the expected prevalence rate and only few hospitals perform tests for diagnosis autonomously. Thus, we surveyed practical realities of VWD in Yeungnam region. METHODS: Patients with VWD (N=267) who were diagnosed at eleven university hospitals from March 1995 to March 2018 were enrolled in this study. We evaluated the medical records from each hospital retrospectively. RESULTS: Two hundred and twenty-eight children and 39 adults met the diagnostic criteria for VWD. Seventy-eight (57.4%) patients had the blood type O. Fifty-eight patients were definite type 1 (21.7%), 151 were possible type 1 (56.6%), and the others were type 2. Abnormal laboratory findings were the most common factor for the diagnosis in children. VWF mutations were detected in 17 patients. Patients with a family history showed age of diagnosis of 9 y, which is higher than in those with no family history (6 yr), and also showed a higher rate of significant bleeding (32.1% vs. 14.2%). VWF:RCo and VWF:Ag tests were performed in-hospital at only 1 of 11 hospitals. Twelve of 267 patients were enrolled at the KHF (4.5%). CONCLUSION: A high rate of out-sourcing studies may result in inaccurate diagnosis. The registration rate to the KHF is still lower than the prevalence rate. A comprehensive nationwide registration system is necessary in order to identify the actual prevalence rate and promote the diagnosis of VWD in Korea.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Diagnosis , Hemophilia A , Hemorrhage , Hospitals, University , Humans , Korea , Medical Records , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , von Willebrand Diseases
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717633

ABSTRACT

Spontaneous rupture with internal bleeding of solid tumors has rarely been described at the time of diagnosis or during chemotherapy. This rare event must be regarded as a life threatening condition. In these emergency situations, control of hemorrhage, which is life-saving, can be achieved by transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) and/or surgical resection. This report describes two infants presenting with acute hemorrhagic shock due to spontaneous tumor rupture of hepatoblastoma and neuroblastoma during chemotherapy. TAE successfully arrested the tumor bleeding and a visibly reduced the tumor size in both children. Spontaneous rupture of solid tumors occur infrequently in children, but is a life threatening situation. Careful monitoring for the occurrence of this rare event especially in very young children presenting with a large tumor mass.


Subject(s)
Child , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Emergencies , Hemorrhage , Hepatoblastoma , Humans , Infant , Neuroblastoma , Rupture , Rupture, Spontaneous , Shock, Hemorrhagic
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714199

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is rare in pediatric patients compared to adults, but it's incidence is gradually increasing. The purpose of this study was to analyze the incidence, risk factors, and prognosis of pediatric patients with VTE in Korea. METHODS: Between January 2000 and July 2017, 249,312 medical records of the patients older than 1 year who were hospitalized in the department of pediatrics of 10 university hospitals in Yeungnam region were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: The overall incidence of VTE was 4.9 per 10,000 admissions. Of the total 123 patients, 80 (65.0%) were male and the median age was 10.8 years (range, 1.0–23.5 years). Magnetic resonance imaging was performed most frequently to confirm the diagnosis of VTE (43.1%). Thrombosis occurred in the cerebral vessels (46.3%), lower extremities (23.8%), pulmonary (19.5%), abdomen (9.8%), and upper extremities (4.1%). One hundred and six patients had underlying causes such as cancer (27.6%), infection (26.8%), intravenous catheter insertion (17.9%), and surgery (14.6%). Protein C was evaluated in 39 patients (31.7%), protein S in 40 (32.5%), antithrombin (AT) III in 52 (42.3%), and homocysteine in 21 (17.1%). Among them, one patient with a family history of AT III deficiency had SERPINC gene mutation. Seventy-seven patients (62.6%) started anticoagulation treatment. Most (52.0%) were treated for more than 90 days. CONCLUSION: Healthcare providers must be aware of the potential for VTE development in childhood. In the near future, a nationwide survey should be investigated to determine the incidence rate and the trends in VTE among Korean children.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Adult , Catheters , Child , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Health Personnel , Homocysteine , Hospitals, University , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Lower Extremity , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Medical Records , Pediatrics , Prognosis , Protein C , Protein S , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Thrombosis , Upper Extremity , Venous Thromboembolism
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-172664

ABSTRACT

Tumor lysis syndrome is a serious complication of malignancy, resulting from the massive and rapid release of cellular components into the blood. Generally, it occurs after initiation of chemotherapy. The onset of spontaneous tumor lysis syndrome (STLS) before anti-cancer treatment is rare and occurs mostly in Burkitt lymphoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. There are only a few case reports in children. Here, we report a case of STLS secondary to T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), which presented with urinary stone and subsequent acute kidney injury with severe hyperuricemia. Occult malignancy should be considered in case of unexplained acute kidney injury with extreme hyperuricemia.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Burkitt Lymphoma , Child , Drug Therapy , Humans , Hyperuricemia , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , T-Lymphocytes , Tumor Lysis Syndrome , Urinary Calculi
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788613

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although the overall survival of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) approaches 85-90%, the prognosis of relapsed or refractory (R/R) ALL is grave. This study aimed to identify the treatment pattern, treatment response, and overall survival of these patients.METHODS: We reviewed data of 64 patients with R/R ALL whose initial diagnosis of ALL had been made between 1 and 21 years of age. Patients who received clofarabine as part of an induction regimen were excluded. Relapsed patients were limited to those who relapsed after ≥2 prior induction regimens. Treatment patterns, response rates, and overall survival were analyzed.RESULTS: Patients' median age was 15.0 years (range, 6.0-25.0) at the diagnosis of R/R ALL. The most frequently used agents other than steroid were vincristine (54.0%), cytarabine (44.6%), and idarubicin (36.5%), while L-asparaginase was used in only one patient. The complete remission (CR) and overall response (OR) rates were 38.1 and 42.9%, respectively. Sixteen patients (25.4%) underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The 5-year overall survival was 6.7%. The survival of patients with HSCT was significantly higher compared with those without HSCT (35.2% vs 0%, P=0.0097). Among 14 patients who achieved CR or CR without platelet recovery (CRp) before HSCT, the 3-year survival was 46.9%.CONCLUSION: The survival of Korean patients with R/R childhood ALL was dismal despite a reasonable CR rate, whereas that of those who received HSCT after CR or CRp was excellent. More treatment options are needed to improve the overall outcome of R/R childhood ALL.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Cytarabine , Diagnosis , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Idarubicin , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Vincristine
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-49314

ABSTRACT

This multicenter, prospective trial was conducted to develop an effective and safe reinduction regimen for marrow-relapsed pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) by modifying the dose of idarubicin. Between 2006 and 2009, the trial accrued 44 patients, 1 to 21 years old with first marrow-relapsed ALL. The reinduction regimen comprised prednisolone, vincristine, L-asparaginase, and idarubicin (10 mg/m²/week). The idarubicin dose was adjusted according to the degree of myelosuppression. The second complete remission (CR2) rate was 72.7%, obtained by 54.2% of patients with early relapse < 24 months after initial diagnosis and 95.0% of those with late relapse (P = 0.002). Five patients entered remission with extended treatment, resulting in a final CR2 rate of 84.1%. The CR2 rate was not significantly different according to the idarubicin dose. The induction death rate was 2.3% (1/44). The 5-year event-free and overall survival rates were 22.2% ± 6.4% and 27.3% ± 6.7% for all patients, 4.2% ± 4.1% and 8.3% ± 5.6% for early relapsers, and 43.8% ± 11.4% and 50.0% ± 11.2% for late relapsers, respectively. Early relapse and slow response to reinduction chemotherapy were predictors of poor outcomes. In conclusion, a modified dose of idarubicin was effectively incorporated into the reinduction regimen for late marrow-relapsed ALL with a low toxic death rate. However, the CR2 rate for early relapsers was suboptimal, and the second remission was not durable in most patients.

13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-23111

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Although the overall survival of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) approaches 85-90%, the prognosis of relapsed or refractory (R/R) ALL is grave. This study aimed to identify the treatment pattern, treatment response, and overall survival of these patients. METHODS: We reviewed data of 64 patients with R/R ALL whose initial diagnosis of ALL had been made between 1 and 21 years of age. Patients who received clofarabine as part of an induction regimen were excluded. Relapsed patients were limited to those who relapsed after ≥2 prior induction regimens. Treatment patterns, response rates, and overall survival were analyzed. RESULTS: Patients' median age was 15.0 years (range, 6.0-25.0) at the diagnosis of R/R ALL. The most frequently used agents other than steroid were vincristine (54.0%), cytarabine (44.6%), and idarubicin (36.5%), while L-asparaginase was used in only one patient. The complete remission (CR) and overall response (OR) rates were 38.1 and 42.9%, respectively. Sixteen patients (25.4%) underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The 5-year overall survival was 6.7%. The survival of patients with HSCT was significantly higher compared with those without HSCT (35.2% vs 0%, P=0.0097). Among 14 patients who achieved CR or CR without platelet recovery (CRp) before HSCT, the 3-year survival was 46.9%. CONCLUSION: The survival of Korean patients with R/R childhood ALL was dismal despite a reasonable CR rate, whereas that of those who received HSCT after CR or CRp was excellent. More treatment options are needed to improve the overall outcome of R/R childhood ALL.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Cytarabine , Diagnosis , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Idarubicin , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Vincristine
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788558

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Currently, data on the role of tacrolimus and mini-dose methotrexate (MTX) in pediatric unrelated hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is limited. We report the outcomes of unrelated hematopoietic stem cell recipients, evaluating engraftment status, incidence of acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and toxicities after use of tacrolimus and mini-dose MTX for GVHD prophylaxis.METHODS: Thirty-five children who received tacrolimus and mini-dose MTX as prophylaxis from January 2004 to December 2013 were reviewed. All patients received tacrolimus beginning the day prior to transplant at a dose of 0.03 mg/kg/day by continuous intravenous infusion. MTX was administered at a dose of 5 mg/m2 IV on days 1, 3, 6 and 11.RESULTS: Median age at transplantation was 8.42 years (range 0.75-18.9 years). Seventeen patients received human leukocyte antigen (HLA) fully matched donor transplants and 18 received partially mismatched transplants. All but two patients who received unrelated cord blood transplants showed successful engraftment. The median time to ANC recovery was 12 days. The incidence of acute GVHD was 33.3% including 15.1% grade III-IV GVHD. Localized chronic GVHD developed in only 2 of 27 (7.4%) evaluable patients. Lower tacrolimus levels during days 1-21 were associated with a higher incidence of acute GVHD (P=0.033). The estimated 4-year event free survival and overall survival of the patients were 71.2% and 80.0%.CONCLUSION: Overall, the combination of tacrolimus and mini-dose MTX could be effectively administered in the setting of pediatric unrelated HSCT.


Subject(s)
Child , Disease-Free Survival , Fetal Blood , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Humans , Incidence , Infusions, Intravenous , Korea , Leukocytes , Methotrexate , Tacrolimus , Tissue Donors
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788547

ABSTRACT

Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) is a very rare hematological malignancy in children that is characterized by bruise-like skin lesions, with or without bone marrow involvement. Because the clinical course of BPDCN is highly aggressive and fatal in adults, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is recommended as the optimal treatment. Due to its rarity, the pediatric experience with BPDCN is limited and standard treatment has so far not been defined. We report a case of a 14-year-old boy with BPDCN involving the skin, bone marrow and lymph nodes. The patient was treated with high-risk group acute lymphoblastic leukemia protocol. He achieved a complete remission after induction chemotherapy and still maintains clinical remission without HSCT for 17 months after initial diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Bone Marrow , Child , Dendritic Cells , Diagnosis , Hematologic Neoplasms , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Lymph Nodes , Male , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Skin
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-71734

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Currently, data on the role of tacrolimus and mini-dose methotrexate (MTX) in pediatric unrelated hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is limited. We report the outcomes of unrelated hematopoietic stem cell recipients, evaluating engraftment status, incidence of acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and toxicities after use of tacrolimus and mini-dose MTX for GVHD prophylaxis. METHODS: Thirty-five children who received tacrolimus and mini-dose MTX as prophylaxis from January 2004 to December 2013 were reviewed. All patients received tacrolimus beginning the day prior to transplant at a dose of 0.03 mg/kg/day by continuous intravenous infusion. MTX was administered at a dose of 5 mg/m2 IV on days 1, 3, 6 and 11. RESULTS: Median age at transplantation was 8.42 years (range 0.75-18.9 years). Seventeen patients received human leukocyte antigen (HLA) fully matched donor transplants and 18 received partially mismatched transplants. All but two patients who received unrelated cord blood transplants showed successful engraftment. The median time to ANC recovery was 12 days. The incidence of acute GVHD was 33.3% including 15.1% grade III-IV GVHD. Localized chronic GVHD developed in only 2 of 27 (7.4%) evaluable patients. Lower tacrolimus levels during days 1-21 were associated with a higher incidence of acute GVHD (P=0.033). The estimated 4-year event free survival and overall survival of the patients were 71.2% and 80.0%. CONCLUSION: Overall, the combination of tacrolimus and mini-dose MTX could be effectively administered in the setting of pediatric unrelated HSCT.


Subject(s)
Child , Disease-Free Survival , Fetal Blood , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Humans , Incidence , Infusions, Intravenous , Korea , Leukocytes , Methotrexate , Tacrolimus , Tissue Donors
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-71723

ABSTRACT

Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) is a very rare hematological malignancy in children that is characterized by bruise-like skin lesions, with or without bone marrow involvement. Because the clinical course of BPDCN is highly aggressive and fatal in adults, allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is recommended as the optimal treatment. Due to its rarity, the pediatric experience with BPDCN is limited and standard treatment has so far not been defined. We report a case of a 14-year-old boy with BPDCN involving the skin, bone marrow and lymph nodes. The patient was treated with high-risk group acute lymphoblastic leukemia protocol. He achieved a complete remission after induction chemotherapy and still maintains clinical remission without HSCT for 17 months after initial diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Bone Marrow , Child , Dendritic Cells , Diagnosis , Hematologic Neoplasms , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Lymph Nodes , Male , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Skin
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788515

ABSTRACT

Reticulohistiocytoma is a rare, benign histiocytic proliferation of the skin or soft tissue. A 5-month-old healthy girl visited our clinic for an enlarging nodule on the center of her right palm. The clinical differential diagnosis included xanthogranuloma and primary cutaneous CD4 positive small/medium T-cell lymphoma. Histopathology of the nodule showed abundant eosinophilic and glassy cytoplasm. The nuclei were round to oval shaped, with focal irregular nuclear membrane, and mitotic figures were absent. Immunohistochemical study determined that the cells were positive for CD68 but negative for CD1a. She was finally diagnosed with reticulohistiocytoma (solitary epithelioid histiocytoma).


Subject(s)
Cytoplasm , Diagnosis, Differential , Eosinophils , Female , Histiocytosis, Non-Langerhans-Cell , Humans , Infant , Lymphoma, T-Cell , Nuclear Envelope , Skin
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-84409

ABSTRACT

Reticulohistiocytoma is a rare, benign histiocytic proliferation of the skin or soft tissue. A 5-month-old healthy girl visited our clinic for an enlarging nodule on the center of her right palm. The clinical differential diagnosis included xanthogranuloma and primary cutaneous CD4 positive small/medium T-cell lymphoma. Histopathology of the nodule showed abundant eosinophilic and glassy cytoplasm. The nuclei were round to oval shaped, with focal irregular nuclear membrane, and mitotic figures were absent. Immunohistochemical study determined that the cells were positive for CD68 but negative for CD1a. She was finally diagnosed with reticulohistiocytoma (solitary epithelioid histiocytoma).


Subject(s)
Cytoplasm , Diagnosis, Differential , Eosinophils , Female , Histiocytosis, Non-Langerhans-Cell , Humans , Infant , Lymphoma, T-Cell , Nuclear Envelope , Skin
20.
Blood Research ; : 29-35, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-61198

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Hyperleukocytosis caused by acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is associated with early morbidity and mortality due to hyperviscosity arising from the excessive number of leukocytes.This study was designed to assess the incidence of hyperleukocytosis, survival outcomes, and adverse features among pediatric ALL patients with hyperleukocytosis. METHODS: Between January 2001 and December 2010, 104 children with previously untreated ALL were enrolled at the Pusan National University Hospital. All of them were initially stratified based on the National Cancer Institute (NCI) risk; 48 (46.2%) were diagnosed with high-risk ALL. The medical charts of these patients were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Twenty (19.2%) of the 104 children with ALL had initial leukocyte counts of >100x10(9)/L, and 11 patients had a leukocyte count of >200x10(9)/L. Male gender, T-cell phenotype, and massive splenomegaly were positively associated with hyperleukocytosis. Common early complications during induction therapy included renal dysfunction, and central nervous system hemorrhage. The complete remission (CR) rate for the pediatric ALL patients with hyperleukocytosis (94.1%) was similar to the overall CR rate (95.6%). The estimated 3-year event free survival (EFS) and overall survival of ALL children with hyperleukocytosis were 75.0% and 81.2%, respectively. However, patients with initial leukocyte counts >200x10(9)/L had a lower EFS than those with initial leukocyte counts 100-200x109/L (63.6% vs. 100%; P=0.046). CONCLUSION: The outcome of pediatric ALL cases with an initial leukocyte count >200x10(9)/L was very poor, probably due to early toxicity-related death during induction therapy.


Subject(s)
Central Nervous System , Child , Disease-Free Survival , Hemorrhage , Humans , Incidence , Leukocyte Count , Male , Mortality , Phenotype , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Retrospective Studies , Splenomegaly , T-Lymphocytes
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL