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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874219

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study was conducted to determine factors associated with long-term graft patency after lower extremity arterial bypass (LEAB). @*Methods@#Database of LEABs for patients with chronic arterial occlusive disease (CAOD) at a single institution was retrospectively reviewed. To determine the factors we compared demographic, clinical, and procedural variables between 2 patient groups; group I (graft patency < 2 years) and group II (graft patency ≥ 5 years after LEAB) using univariable and multivariable analyses. @*Results@#Among 957 LEABs, 259 limbs (group I, 125 limbs and group II, 134 limbs) in 213 patients were included for the analysis. On a univariable analysis, younger age (69 years vs. 66 years, P = 0.024), hypertension (60.8% vs. 74.6%, P = 0.017), claudication (51.2% vs. 70.9%, P = 0.001), absence of prior intervention (50.4% vs. 73.9%, P < 0.001), common femoral artery based bypass (57.6% vs. 70.1%, P = 0.035), above-the knee bypass (36.8% vs. 64.2%, P < 0.001), postoperative graft salvage procedure (3.2% vs. 14.8%, P = 0.001), and statin use (75.2% vs. 88.8, P = 0.004) were associated with long-term patency. On a multivariate analysis hypertension (odds ratio [OR], 1.91; P = 0.038), claudication (OR, 2.08; P = 0.032), no prior intervention (OR, 2.48; P = 0.001), vein graft (OR, 4.36; P = 0.001), above-the knee bypass (OR, 4.68; P < 0.001), and graft salvage procedures (OR, 7.70; P < 0.001) were identified as independent factors. @*Conclusion@#These factors can be considered in decision making before treatment of patients with CAOD.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901859

ABSTRACT

Objective@#We investigated arthralgia and myalgia associated with the use of oral bisphosphonate (BP) by conducting a survey of patient. @*Methods@#The pharmacists conducted a survey between 1 Oct 2019 and 30 Sep 2020 among patients who were dispensed BP in community pharmacies to assess their demographic and medical characteristics, and their experiences with, and process for pain. Logistic regression analyses were performed to find the risk factors associated with the pain, and the odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were determined. @*Results@#A total of 160 patients who used BP participated in the survey (74 [46.3%] used risedronate; 61 [38.1%] used alendronate; 23 [14.4%] used ibandronate), and 20 (12.5%) of them experienced pain. Significant statistical differences of the characteristics between patients who experienced pain or not were observed regarding menopause, and parity. Compared with women who had one or two parity, women who had more than three parity were associated with the decreased risk of pain (OR, 0.24; 95% CI, 0.04-0.98). Moreover, steady exercise was associated with the decreased risk of pain compared to less exercise (OR, 0.37; 95% CI, 0.14-0.98). @*Conclusion@#Our findings suggest that the risk of pain in BP-treated patients might be different regarding the different ingredients of BP, and dosing frequency. This survey highlights a need for a further safety research to understand the factors influencing the pain associated with the BP treatment.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894155

ABSTRACT

Objective@#We investigated arthralgia and myalgia associated with the use of oral bisphosphonate (BP) by conducting a survey of patient. @*Methods@#The pharmacists conducted a survey between 1 Oct 2019 and 30 Sep 2020 among patients who were dispensed BP in community pharmacies to assess their demographic and medical characteristics, and their experiences with, and process for pain. Logistic regression analyses were performed to find the risk factors associated with the pain, and the odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were determined. @*Results@#A total of 160 patients who used BP participated in the survey (74 [46.3%] used risedronate; 61 [38.1%] used alendronate; 23 [14.4%] used ibandronate), and 20 (12.5%) of them experienced pain. Significant statistical differences of the characteristics between patients who experienced pain or not were observed regarding menopause, and parity. Compared with women who had one or two parity, women who had more than three parity were associated with the decreased risk of pain (OR, 0.24; 95% CI, 0.04-0.98). Moreover, steady exercise was associated with the decreased risk of pain compared to less exercise (OR, 0.37; 95% CI, 0.14-0.98). @*Conclusion@#Our findings suggest that the risk of pain in BP-treated patients might be different regarding the different ingredients of BP, and dosing frequency. This survey highlights a need for a further safety research to understand the factors influencing the pain associated with the BP treatment.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915423

ABSTRACT

Background@#Although the first choice of treatment for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is endovascular aneurysm repair, especially in elderly patients, some patients require open surgical repair. The purpose of this study was to compare the mortality outcomes of open AAA repair between octogenarians and younger counterparts and to identify the risk factors associated with mortality. @*Methods@#All consecutive patients who underwent elective open AAA repair due to degenerative etiology at a single tertiary medical center between 1996 and June 2020 were included in this retrospective review. Medical records and imaging studies were reviewed to collect the following information: demographics, comorbid medical conditions, clinical presentations, radiologic findings, surgical details, and morbidity and mortality rates. For analysis, patients were divided into two groups: older and younger than 80 years of age. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify factors associated with mortality after elective open AAA repair. @*Results@#Among a total of 650 patients who underwent elective open AAA repair due to degenerative AAA during the study period, 58 (8.9%) were octogenarians and 595 (91.1%) were non-octogenarians. Patients in the octogenarian group were predominantly female and more likely to have lower body weight and body mass index (BMI), hypertension, chronic kidney disease, and lower preoperative serum hemoglobin and albumin compared with patients in the non-octogenarian group. Maximal aneurysm diameter was larger in octogenarians. During the median follow-up duration of 34.4 months for 650 patients, the median length of total hospital and intensive care unit stay was longer in octogenarians. The 30-day (1.7% vs. 0.7%, P= 0.374) and 1-year (6.9% vs. 2.9%, P = 0.108) mortality rates were not statistically significantly different between the two groups. Multivariate analysis showed that low BMI was associated with increased 30-day (odds ratio [OR], 16.339; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.192–224.052; P= 0.037) and 1-year (OR, 8.236; CI, 2.301–29.477; P= 0.001) mortality in all patients. @*Conclusion@#Because the mortality rate of octogenarians after elective open AAA repair was not significantly different compared with their younger counterparts, being elderly is not a contraindication for open AAA repair. Low BMI might be associated with increased postoperative mortality.

5.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837404

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Primary tumor at the carotid bifurcation is uncommon, which includes paraganglioma, schwannoma, and lymphoma. Due to their rarity, characteristics of these tumors and problems related to their surgical treatment have not been well known. We tried to elucidate different clinical characteristics and surgical complications of these tumors. @*Materials and Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed 21 patients with carotid bifurcation tumor from the Vascular Surgery division of a Korean tertiary institution from 1995 to 2018. We investigated patients’ demographics and clinical features, image characteristics, treatment details, and surgical outcomes. @*Results@#During the period from January 1995 to January 2018, we experienced surgical resections of 21 carotid bifurcation tumors which included 16 (76.2%) paragangliomas and 5 (23.8%) schwannomas. The most common clinical feature was a non-tender cervical mass. According to Shamblin classification, paragangliomas were classified into class II in 68.8% and class III in 25.0%. On the preoperative computed tomography images, all the paragangliomas showed characteristic splaying of the carotid bifurcation and hypervascularity of the tumors. On the contrary, all the schwannomas showed hypovascularity and splaying sign in 60%.Surgical complications related to cervical nerve injury developed in 50% and 60% of patients with Shamblin class III paraganglioma and schwannoma, respectively.During the mean follow-up period of 25 months (range, 1 to 163 months), distant metastases developed in 2 (12.5%) of paraganglioma patients. @*Conclusion@#Neurologic complications were more common after surgical resection of Shamblin class III paraganglioma and schwannoma. For patients with paraganglioma, postoperative periodic follow-up examination is advised to detect distant metastasis.

6.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835529

ABSTRACT

Superficial siderosis is attributed to hemosiderin deposition in the subpial layers of the nervous system. The clinical features of infratentorial superficial siderosis (ISS) are hearing loss, cerebellar ataxia, and corticospinal tract signs and the most common cause of idiopathic ISS is a dural defect. As magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has advanced, the diagnosis of infratentorial superficial siderosis can be confirmed by unique radiological findings in MRI. Here, we report on a female patient diagnosed with idiopathic ISS by means of clinical symptoms and radiological findings.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830536

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Open surgical conversion (OSC) is the last treatment option for patients with endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) failure. We investigated the underlying causes of EVAR failure requiring OSC and attempted to determine strategies to avoid OSC after EVAR. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the database of patients who underwent OSC after EVAR from 2005 to 2018 in a single institution. Twenty-six OSCs were performed in 24 patients (median age, 74.5 years; 79.2% of males) who had undergone standard EVAR. We investigated pre-, intra-, and postoperative computed tomography or angiographic images and outcomes of the OSCs. @*Results@#Two main indications for OSC were persistent endoleak (50.0%) and endograft infection (EI) (38.5%). All 13 patients who underwent OSC due to endoleaks received EVAR outside of indications for use. Among 10 patients who underwent OSC due to EI, we found overlooked infection sources in 7 (70.0%) at the time of EVAR or during the surveillance period.OSC was performed at a median of 31.8 months (interquartile range, 9.4–69.8) after EVAR as an emergency (15.4%) or elective (84.6%) surgery. Aortic endograft was removed in 84.6% of cases (totally, 57.7%; partially, 26.9%), whereas it was preserved in 4 cases (15.4%). After 26 OSCs, 2 early deaths (7.7%) and 2 aortoenteric fistulae (7.7%) developed as major complications. @*Conclusion@#OSC after EVAR was associated with relatively higher perioperative morbidity and mortality. To avoid OSC after EVAR, we recommend careful assessment of coexisting infection sources and avoidance of EVAR for patients with especially unfavorable anatomy for EVAR, particularly the in proximal neck.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915685

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the effects of microelectric treatment by transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on functional recovery and histological changes in a rat model of spinal cord injury (SCI).SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: The effects of TENS on spasticity and its underlying mechanisms remain unclear.@*MATERIALS AND METHODS@#SCI was induced by a 1.5-mm impactor with 200,000–260,000 dyne after laminectomy. Rats were divided into the following groups: group I (normal control), group II (microelectric treatment of 0 A), group III (microelectric treatment of 100 µA for 1 hr/day), group IV (microelectric treatment of 400 µA for 1 hr/day), and group V (microelectric treatment of 400 µA for 24 hr/day). After inducing SCI, rats were assessed by a sensory test with von Frey filaments and the locomotor recovery test (BBB rating scale) at 1, 4, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days. To evaluate spinal cord damage, histopathological studies were performed with hematoxylin and eosin. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and TrkB immunohistochemistry studies were performed at 28 days.@*RESULTS@#In groups IV and V, the BBB score had significantly improved on days 21 and 28 after SCI, and the TENS-treated groups showed significant neuronal recovery. After SCI, groups IV and V showed a significant recovery of locomotor function and the motor sensory response of the withdrawal threshold to 3.5 g. In addition, necrotic tissue and cystic spaces in the spinal cord were significantly reduced and BDNF/TrkB-positive cells were highly expressed in groups III, IV, and V.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Microelectric treatment can play a role in facilitating the recovery of locomotion following SCI.

9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766422

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study evaluated the radiologic and clinical results in patients who underwent minimal invasive surgery using sinus tarsi approach in Sanders type IV calcaneal fracture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study evaluated 13 cases of Sanders type IV calcaneus fractures that were treated by minimal invasive surgery using the sinus tarsi approach from July 2012 to April 2017. Further, these cases could be followed up for more than 12 months. Bone union, radiologic parameters such as Böhler's angle, Gissane's angle, calcaneal height, length, and width, the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot score, and the postoperative complications were evaluated. RESULTS: Bony union was achieved in all the cases at the final follow up, and the mean union time was 5.5 months. One patient underwent reoperation for a surgical site infection, six patients had post traumatic arthritis, and two of them underwent subtalar joint fusion. The mean AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score was 81.2. At the final follow-up, the mean values of Böhler's angle and Gissane's angle were 20° and 119.8°, respectively, and the mean values of the calcaneus height, length, and width were 46.8 mm, 81.8 mm, and 45.6 mm, respectively. CONCLUSION: Minimal invasive surgery using the sinus tarsi approach for Sanders type IV calcaneal fracture resulted in satisfactory anatomic reduction and stable fixation, and satisfactory clinical and radiologic results were obtained in most of the patients. Minimal invasive surgery is thought to reduce the soft tissue-related complications as compared to surgery using the extensile lateral approach.


Subject(s)
Ankle , Arthritis , Calcaneus , Follow-Up Studies , Foot , Humans , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Postoperative Complications , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Subtalar Joint , Surgical Wound Infection
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765625

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Animal study. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of microelectric treatment by transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on functional recovery and histological changes in a rat model of spinal cord injury (SCI). SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: The effects of TENS on spasticity and its underlying mechanisms remain unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: SCI was induced by a 1.5-mm impactor with 200,000–260,000 dyne after laminectomy. Rats were divided into the following groups: group I (normal control), group II (microelectric treatment of 0 A), group III (microelectric treatment of 100 µA for 1 hr/day), group IV (microelectric treatment of 400 µA for 1 hr/day), and group V (microelectric treatment of 400 µA for 24 hr/day). After inducing SCI, rats were assessed by a sensory test with von Frey filaments and the locomotor recovery test (BBB rating scale) at 1, 4, 7, 14, 21, and 28 days. To evaluate spinal cord damage, histopathological studies were performed with hematoxylin and eosin. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and TrkB immunohistochemistry studies were performed at 28 days. RESULTS: In groups IV and V, the BBB score had significantly improved on days 21 and 28 after SCI, and the TENS-treated groups showed significant neuronal recovery. After SCI, groups IV and V showed a significant recovery of locomotor function and the motor sensory response of the withdrawal threshold to 3.5 g. In addition, necrotic tissue and cystic spaces in the spinal cord were significantly reduced and BDNF/TrkB-positive cells were highly expressed in groups III, IV, and V. CONCLUSIONS: Microelectric treatment can play a role in facilitating the recovery of locomotion following SCI.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Hematoxylin , Immunohistochemistry , Laminectomy , Locomotion , Models, Animal , Muscle Spasticity , Neurons , Rats , Spinal Cord Injuries , Spinal Cord , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764834

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study analyzed the clinical and radiological results of Reudi-Allgower type II and III open tibia pilon fracture patients who underwent plate fixation after the recovery of a soft tissue injury after external fixation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2010 to 2015, this study analyzed 14 patients who were treated for open tibial pilon fractures and could be followed up at least one year. The mean age was 49 years and the average follow-up period was 19 months. An emergency operation was performed for external fixation and open wounds, and secondary surgery was performed for definitive fixation using a plate. The radiological and clinical evaluations were analyzed retrospectively. Complications, such as post-traumatic osteoarthritis and wound infections were also analyzed. RESULTS: The mean duration between two-staged surgery was 21 days and the mean bone union time was 9.2 months. Three cases of delayed union and one case of nonunion were reported. The malunion did not occur in all cases. The average American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score was 68 points. A limitation of the ankle motion occurred in all cases. In four cases, wound infections due to initial open wounds occurred; one patient underwent a below the knee amputation due to chronic osteomyelitis. Post-traumatic arthritis occurred in 10 cases. CONCLUSION: Severe comminuted tibial plateau open fractures of Reudi-Allgower type II and III, which are high-energy injuries that result in extensive soft tissue damage, have a higher incidence of complications, such as ulcer problems and osteomyelitis, than closed tibia plateau fractures. Post-traumatic arthritis is the most common complication of tibia plateau open fractures, and staged surgery is recommended because of the relatively satisfactory clinical results.


Subject(s)
Amputation , Ankle , Arthritis , Emergencies , Follow-Up Studies , Foot , Fractures, Open , Humans , Incidence , Knee , Osteoarthritis , Osteomyelitis , Retrospective Studies , Soft Tissue Injuries , Tibia , Ulcer , Wound Infection , Wounds and Injuries
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786692

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Adventitial cystic disease (ACD) is a rare condition that causes intermittent claudication and non-atherosclerotic disease without cardiovascular risk factors. The etiology and optimal treatment of ACD remain controversial. The purpose of this study was to analyze surgical treatment results for ACD and to elucidate optimal treatment options.MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 30 patients with ACD who underwent surgery from 2006 to 2018. Twenty-two patients had arterial ACD, six had venous ACD, and two had combined venous and arterial ACD. We reviewed demographic and clinical characteristics, treatment details, and procedure outcomes.RESULTS: Recurrence occurred in 6 cases either after cyst excision alone (4/17) or patch angioplasty (2/2). There was no recurrence after vessel excision with interposition grafting (0/7). Therefore, vessel excision was a statistically significant factor in recurrence prevention (P=0.026). Among the six recurrences, joint connections of the cystic lesions were found in four of the six (66.7%).CONCLUSION: As a curative surgery for ACD, vessel excision with interposition grafting is a better strategy to prevent recurrence than simple cyst excision alone.


Subject(s)
Adventitia , Angioplasty , Humans , Intermittent Claudication , Joints , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Transplants
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770062

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the results of tibial lateral plateau fractures using arthroscopic-assisted reduction and internal fixation without cortical window or bone grafts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From March 2009 to March 2017, 27 patients with Schatzker type II tibial plateau fractures with articular depression and displacement over 5 mm on a computed tomography (CT) scan, who were treated with arthroscopic reduction and internal fixation and followed-up for at least 18 months, were enrolled in this study. Under arthroscopic guidance, the depressed fracture fragment was reduced using a freer and fixed with 5.0 or 6.5 mm cannulated screws through the inframeniscal portal without a cortical window or bone graft. The clinical and radiological results were evaluated using a Rasmussen system. Second look arthroscopy was performed in thirteen patients during the implant removal operation. RESULTS: All fractures healed completely with a mean union time of 8.7 weeks (range from 8 to 12 weeks). Twenty four patients had good to excellent clinical results and 25 patients had good to excellent radiological results according to the Rasmussen classification. A well-healed articular surface with fibrocartilage was also found in 13 cases with second look arthroscopy. The 8 cases on CT scan at outpatient department follow-up showed bone union without bone grafting. CONCLUSION: Arthroscopic-assisted fixation of tibial lateral plateau fractures is a useful method without a cortical window or bone graft that produces good clinical results.


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy , Bone Transplantation , Classification , Depression , Fibrocartilage , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Intra-Articular Fractures , Methods , Outpatients , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Transplants
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-87973

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the pattern of referral of patients with superior mesenteric artery embolism (SMAE) and its effect on outcomes, and to evaluate the risk factors for bowel infarction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 66 consecutive patients diagnosed with acute SMAE between January 2001 and June 2016. Appropriate diagnosis by the referring physician was defined if the referral letter indicated that acute mesenteric ischemia was suspected or had been diagnosed at the referral center. Surgical delay was defined as the interval between symptom onset and surgery for definitive treatment. RESULTS: Among 54 patients transferred from other centers, 26 patients (48.1%) were diagnosed appropriately by the referring physician. The rate of appropriate diagnosis was differed significantly by the use of computed tomography (CT) scan at referral center (25/35 with CT and 1/19 without CT, P=0.00). The surgical delay was significantly longer in patients without appropriate diagnosis compared with the patients with appropriate diagnosis (53.5±52.3 hours vs. 28.8±23.6 hours, P=0.04). Initially, 56 patients received surgical treatment with 31 underwent bowel resection due to infarction, 6 received conservative treatment, and the remaining 4 patients refused any treatment. The surgical delay, abdominal distension, tenderness, rebound tenderness, and level of C-reactive protein were associated with bowel infarction at initial operation. Overall in-hospital mortality was 32%. CONCLUSION: A high index of suspicion with appropriate diagnostic modality, such as CT scan is crucial in patients with SMAE for reducing surgical delay as a risk factor of bowel infarction.


Subject(s)
Atrial Fibrillation , C-Reactive Protein , Diagnosis , Embolism , Hospital Mortality , Humans , Infarction , Intestines , Mesenteric Arteries , Mesenteric Artery, Superior , Mesenteric Ischemia , Referral and Consultation , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-84518

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Femorofemoral crossover bypass (FCB) is a good procedure for patients with unilateral iliac artery disease. There are many articles about the results of FCB, but most of them were limited to 5 years follow-up. The purpose of our study was to analysis the results of FCB with a 10-year follow-up period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 1995 and December 2010, 133 patients were operated in Samsung Medical Center (median follow-up: 58.8 months). We retrospectively analysed patient characteristics, the preoperative treatment, the operative procedure, and material used. RESULTS: The indications for FCB were claudication in 110 and critical limb ischemia in 23 patients. Three patients were died due to myocardiac infarction, intracranial hemorrhage, and acute respiratory failure within 30 days after surgery. The one-year primary and secondary patency rates were 89% and 97%, the 5-year primary and secondary patency rates were 70% and 85%, and the 10-year primary and secondary patency rates were 31% and 67%. The 5-year and 10-year limb salvage rates were 97% and 95%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Our long term analysis suggests that FCB might be a valuable alternative treatment modality in patients with unilateral iliac artery disease.


Subject(s)
Extremities , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Iliac Artery , Infarction , Intracranial Hemorrhages , Ischemia , Limb Salvage , Respiratory Insufficiency , Retrospective Studies , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Transplants , Vascular Patency
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-52104

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Directional atherectomy (DA) was introduced for the management of infrainguinal arterial stenosis or occlusive lesions. The procedure success rate in the DEFINITIVE LE study was determined using radiologic imaging. The aim of our study was to determine the usefulness of intraoperative ultrasonography (USG) during DA for evaluating the early results of this procedure. METHODS: Patients who underwent DA from January to December 2014 were reviewed retrospectively. Twenty lesions from 14 patients with femoral artery stenosis (>70% stenosis) with short segment occlusive lesions (<2 cm in length) were treated. Among 20 lesions, 3 were treated with the TurboHawk system with a protective device due to lesion calcification. The percentage of stenosis during and after DA was determined with USG. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 5.1 months, and the procedural success rate (<30% stenosis at the end of the procedure) was 100% on angiography, but only 30% on intraoperative USG. On USG, median residual stenosis was 40% (range, 28%–42%) at the end of DA, 40% (range, 30%–55%) at 1 month, 55% (range, 35%–85%) at 6 months, and 64% (range, 60%–100%) at 1 year. There was one dissection, but no cases of perforation, pseudoaneurysm, or thrombosis. Primary patency, which was defined as a peak systolic velocity ratio ≤3.5 with no reintervention at 6 months, was found in 18 lesions (90%), and 11 of 14 patients (78.6%) were free of ischemic symptoms such as claudication at 6 months. CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrated that DA with intraoperative USG is an effective treatment option for short segment occlusive lesions of the femoral artery.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, False , Angiography , Atherectomy , Constriction, Pathologic , Femoral Artery , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Protective Devices , Retrospective Studies , Thrombosis , Ultrasonography
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-160320

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Takayasu arteritis is an indication for bypass surgery when this condition results in severe cerebrovascular ischemia due to occlusion of the carotid arteries. We reviewed the patients with Takayasu arteritis who received aorto-carotid bypass due to cerebrovascular ischemia. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on 19 patients with Takayasu arteritis who underwent aorto-carotid bypass from March 2002 to April 2015. RESULTS: All patients were female and the mean of their age was 40.6 ± 15.3 years. Eleven patients (57.9%) underwent aorto-uni-carotid bypass and 8 patients (42.1%) underwent aorto-bi-carotid bypass. Five patients (26.3%) whose postoperative blood pressure was not controlled suffered an intracranial hemorrhage within 8 days after bypass surgery. Of the patients with an intracranial hemorrhage, 2 patients (10.5%) expired on 26 days and 7 years after surgery, and 3 patients (15.8%) resolved spontaneously. One patient (5.3%) expired due to an intracranial infarction 9 years after bypass surgery. The intracranial ischemic symptoms resolved after bypass surgery in all of the surviving patients. None of the patients experienced anastomosis site complication postoperatively. CONCLUSION: Aorto-carotid bypass is effective for treating Takayasu arteritis with cerebrovascular ischemia, and the results suggest that postoperative blood pressure should be strictly managed to prevent intracranial hemorrhage.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Carotid Arteries , Female , Humans , Infarction , Intracranial Hemorrhages , Ischemia , Retrospective Studies , Takayasu Arteritis
18.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 473-478, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-178244

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Early gastric cancer (EGC) with ulcerations can be treated via endoscopic resection (ER) when it is differentiated pathologically, limited to the mucosa, and <3 cm in diameter. The presence of ulceration is a key factor in deciding treatment strategies and is usually diagnosed during endoscopic examination. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether ulcerations in EGC can be clearly defined among endoscopists and which factors are related to the differences. METHODS: A survey questionnaire, composed of demographic features and endoscopic images of seven patients with EGC, was presented to the endoscopists via e-mail. The endoscopists were asked whether such patients have ulcerations in the lesions. RESULTS: The questionnaires were e-mailed to 197 endoscopists, and 103 doctors replied. The presence of an endoscopic ulceration was defined differently among the endoscopists, depending on the duration of endoscopic practice and the experience of endoscopic submucosal dissection. The differences were especially high in the lesions without mucosal breaks and converging folds, which were expected to be viewed as non-ulcerative. CONCLUSIONS: Before ER, endoscopic ulcerations in EGC must be reviewed by experienced endoscopists to reduce overestimations, and adequate educational programs for trainees should be established.


Subject(s)
Electronic Mail , Humans , Mucous Membrane , Stomach Neoplasms , Surveys and Questionnaires , Ulcer
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-175103

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the long-term survival of subjects with peripheral artery disease (PAD). METHODS: The data included 415 Korean PAD patients aged ≥20 years hospitalized from 1994 through 2004 at a single tertiary center in Korea. Death data were obtained from all participants between 1994 and 2009. RESULTS: The mean of age was 64.4±9.3 years in PAD. The proportion of peripheral vascular bypass operation (re-vascularized) was about 50%. The proportion of males was 90.6% in PAD. Five- and 10- year survival rates were 79.2% and 60.5% in PAD, respectively. The 5- and 10- year survival rates were 83.0% and 64.1% in re-vascularized group, and 75.5% and 56.3% in non-revascularized group (p<0.05). For PAD, the adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) were 1.75 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.17-2.68) in over 65 years, 1.53 (95% CI 1.05-2.27) in diabetes, and 2.21 (95% CI 1.51-3.23) in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Interestingly, HRs in PAD were 0.55 (95% CI 0.34-0.84) in overweight and 0.45 (95% CI 0.25-0.76) in obesity. CONCLUSIONS: The 5- and 10- year survival rates were 79.2% and 60.5% in PAD. The survival rate in re-vascularized group was higher than that in non-revascularized group. Independent predictors of mortality were age, diabetes, and CKD in PAD. Obesity showed improved survival rates.


Subject(s)
Humans , Korea , Male , Mortality , Obesity , Overweight , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Survival Rate
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-78759

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The superiority of autogenous vein conduits is well known in lower extremity arterial bypass (LEAB). Among various alternative conduits for LEAB, long-term results of arm vein grafts were investigated in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed clinical characteristics of 28 patients who underwent infrainguinal LEAB with autogenous arm vein grafts at a single institute between January 2003 and December 2015. All procedures were performed in the absence of adequate saphenous veins. Graft patency was determined by periodic examinations with duplex ultrasonography. RESULTS: Autologous arm vein grafts were implanted for 28 patients (mean age, 60.4±16.8 years; range, 20–82 years; male, 92.9%; atherosclerosis, 19 [67.9%]; and non-atherosclerotic disease 9 [32.1%] including 5 patients with Buerger’s disease). Source of arm vein were basilic 13 (46.4%), cephalic 4 (14.3%) and composition graft with other veins in 11 (39.3%) cases. The level of distal anastomosis was distributed as popliteal in 5 (17.9%), tibio-peroneal in 21 (75.0%) and inframalleolar artery in 2 (7.1%) cases. Mean duration of follow-up was 41.5±46.9 months (range, 1–138 months). Cumulative primary patency rates at 1, 3, and 5 years were 66.5%, 60.9% and 60.9%, respectively. Assisted-primary patency rates at 1, 3 and 5 years were 66.5%, 66.5% and 66.5%, respectively. Secondary patency rates at 1, 3 and 5 years were 70.8%, 70.8% and 70.8%, respectively. There was one limb amputation during the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: Arm veins are a useful alternative conduit when great saphenous veins are not available during LEAB.


Subject(s)
Amputation , Arm , Arteries , Atherosclerosis , Extremities , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lower Extremity , Male , Ocimum basilicum , Retrospective Studies , Saphenous Vein , Transplants , Ultrasonography , Veins
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