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1.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 36-40, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935636

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of ultrasound-guided percutaneous cannulation for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in children. Methods: In this retrospective observational study, 66 cases who underwent non-cardiac surgery ECMO in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of Shanghai Children's Hospital from May 2016 to April 2021 were collected. The demographics, model of ECMO support, type and size of arteriovenous cannulas, way of catheterization and complications were recorded and summarized. Patients were divided into percutaneous cannulation group and surgical cannulation group according to catheterization strategies. The demographics, duration of cannulation and ECMO support, ECMO weaning rate and hospital survival rate were compared among two groups. χ2 and nonparametric rank sum test were used for comparison. Results: Among the 66 patients who received ECMO, 38 were male and 28 were female, with age 44.5 (12.0, 83.5) months and weight 15.0 (10.0, 25.0) kg; 21 patients underwent percutaneous cannulation, with a success rate of 95% (20 cases). Point-of-care ultrasound was performed for all percutaneous cannulation cases. The duration of percutaneous cannulation was significantly shorter than that of surgical cannulation (26.0 (23.3, 30.3) vs. 57.0 (53.8, 64.0) min, Z=6.31, P<0.001). Successful percutaneous cannulation cases were aged 70.5 (23.8, 109.5) months, and their weight was 23.2 (13.6, 37.0) kg. Ten cases were initially given veno-venous (VV) ECMO support, and 10 cases were given veno-arterial (VA) ECMO support. ECMO arterial cannulas were sized from 8 F to 17 F, and venous cannulas sized from 10 F to 19 F. For VV-ECMO, the right internal jugular and femoral veins were used as vascular access, while VA-ECMO used right internal jugular vein-femoral artery or right femoral vein-left femoral artery approach. Only one patient suffered severe complication (superior vena cava perforation). There was no catheter-related bloodstream infection. Conclusion: Ultrasound-guided percutaneous cannulation for ECMO can be performed with a high rate of success and safety in children.


Subject(s)
Adult , Catheterization , Child , China , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Female , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Vena Cava, Superior
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942373

ABSTRACT

Schistosomiasis-associated pulmonary arterial hypertension (Sch-PAH) is categorized as WHO Group I PAH because its clinical manifestations, laboratory and hemodynamic features share with PAH of other etiologies, such as idiopathic, heritable, HIV and autoimmune disorders. Sch-PAH is usually a life-threatening complication of hepatosplenic schistosomiasis characterized by changes in the vascular wall, remodeling and vasoconstriction with lesions primarily located in the precapillary segments of the pulmonary vasculature, which may result in a marked and sustained increase in pulmonary vascular resistance, right ventricular failure and ultimately death. Although egg deposition into lung and subsequent inflammatory cascades are key factors in the pathogenesis of Sch-PAH, the exact pathogenesis, course of disease and treatment of Sch-PAH remain largely uncertain. This review mainly discusses the pathophysiological and immunological mechanisms of Sch-PAH, so as to provide insights into the clinical diagnosis and treatment of Sch-PAH.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 399-408, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922931

ABSTRACT

To investigate the therapeutic effect and molecular mechanism of the main flavonoid components of Silybum marianum (S. marianum) on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), we identified nine flavonoids in S. marianum through TCMSP, PubChem database and corresponding literatures. The potential therapeutic targets of NAFLD were predicted by SwissTargetPrediction, GeneCards and Venny 2.1.0 platform, while the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network of potential targets was analyzed using String platform and Cytoscape software. Then GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were performed using David 6.8 database, followed by molecular docking verification using AutoDock software. In vitro, components with higher degree value in the "components-targets-pathway" network were chosen for further analysis. L02 cells were used to establish lipid accumulation model and treated with different components. Furthermore, the effects of four pure active compounds from S. marianum on lipid accumulation in hepatocytes were analyzed by oil red O staining. The results showed that the main nine flavonoids extracted from S. marianum contained 24 potential NAFLD targets. Several critical pathways closely related to NAFLD process were identified by GO and KEGG enrichment analysis, including phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-protein kinase B (PI3K-Akt) pathway, type 2 diabetes pathway, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) pathway and insulin resistance pathway. The results of molecular docking further indicated that the core components displayed strong binding abilities with key targets respectively, and silandrin showed better binding activity as compared to other components. The results obtained from L02 cells showed that the lipid accumulation was reduced by treatment with isosilybin A, isosilybin B, silydianin and silychristin, while the activity of isosilybin B was better than that of isosilybin A. Taken together, we concluded that the main flavone components of S. marianum could improve lipid accumulation through multiple signaling pathway in hepatocytes, and this could be a potential new strategy for the treatment of NAFLD.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906514

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the therapeutic effect of Fuzheng Huayu capsule on nonalcoholic fatty liver fibrosis induced by high trans fatty acid and high sugar diet in mice. Method:Forty SPF male C57/B6 mice were randomly divided into 4 groups (normal group, model group, Obelcholinic acid group, and Fuzheng Huayu capsule group), with 10 mice in each group. Except 10 mice in the normal group, nonalcoholic fatty liver fibrosis was induced by high-fat and high-sugar diet for 24 weeks in the other 30 mice. From the 25th week of modeling, 4 groups received intragastric administration for 4 weeks, once a day: Fuzheng Huayu capsule group 4.8 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>. Oxycholic acid group 10 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>. Model control group and normal group received the same volume of normal saline. Liver tissue and serum samples were collected at the end of the 28th week. The pathological changes of liver tissue of mice in each group were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, the degree of liver fibrosis was observed by Sirius red staining, the degree of lipid deposition was observed by oil red O staining, the content of hydroxypropylamine (Hyp) in liver tissue was determined by alkaline hydrolysis, and the change of triglyceride (TG) in liver tissue was detected by enzyme method. Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activities and fasting blood glucose (FBG) were detected by kit method, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect fasting Insulin (INS) level and calculate the changes of insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), liver fibrosis related mRNA and proteins of were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), Western blot and Immunohistochemistry. Result:Compared with the normal group, the liver tissue in the model group showed significant collagen fiber deposition, at mostly F2-F3 fibrosis stages, with increased number of inflammatory foci in liver tissue, obvious balloon degeneration and fatty degeneration of liver cells, significantly increased contents of Hyp and TG in liver tissue (<italic>P</italic><0.01), significantly increased activities of ALT and AST in serum and levels of FBG, INS and HOMA-IR (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and increased type I collagen (Col-Ⅰ), Col-Ⅳ, <italic>α</italic>-smooth muscle agonist protein (<italic>α</italic>-SMA) and transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic> (TGF-<italic>β</italic>) protein and mRNA in liver tissue. Compared with the model group, the collagen fiber deposition in liver tissue of mice in Fuzheng Huayu capsule group was significantly reduced, at mostly F0-F1 fibrosis stages, with significantly improved balloon-like change of hepatocytes, and significantly reduced number of inflammatory foci in lobules (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, Fuzheng Huayu capsule can significantly reduce the content of Hyp in liver tissue, the levels of serum ALT and AST, and the expression of Col-Ⅰ, Col-Ⅳ, <italic>α</italic>-SMA and TGF-<italic>β</italic> genes and proteins in mice (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Fuzheng Huayu capsule has a good therapeutic effect on nonalcoholic fatty liver fibrosis induced by high trans fatty acid and high sugar diet in mice.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942229

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinicopathological features and prognosis of fumarate hydratase deficient renal cell carcinoma (FH-RCC).@*METHODS@#Immunohistochemical (IHC) staining was used to detect the expression of fumarate hydratase (FH) in tumor tissues of 109 different types of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients aged 60 years and younger from the Department of Urology of Peking University First Hospital from January 2013 to December 2019. The clinicopathological data and prognosis of FH-RCC were collected and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There were eleven patients with FH-negative expression. Seven were males and four females. The age of onset ranged 16-53 years (mean age: 36.7 years), and four female patients all had a history of uterine leiomyoma. Only one first-degree relative of one patient had renal cancer, and none of the patients had a history or family history of cutaneous leiomyomas. The diameter of the tumor was 2.1-12.0 cm (mean: 8.83 cm). Renal sinus or perirenal fat invasion was seen in nine cases, tumor thrombus in renal vein or inferior vena cava in six cases, lymph node metastasis in seven cases, adrenal gland invasion in four cases and splenic capsule invasion in one case. The cases were initially diagnosed as type Ⅱ papillary RCC (7/49, 14.3%), collecting duct carcinoma (2/9, 22.2%) and unclassified RCC (2/51, 3.9%). Tumor histopathology mostly showed a mixture of different structures, such as papillary, tubular cystic, solid, and so on. The most common histological structures were papillary (9/11, 81.8%) and tubular (8/11, 72.7%). Three cases had sarcomatoid areas. At least focal eosinophilic nucleolus (WHO/grades Ⅲ-Ⅳ) and perinuclear halo could be seen in all cases. Immunohistochemical (IHC) stains of most tumors were negative for CA9, CD10 and CK7. The results of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) showed that there was no translocation or amplification of TFE3 gene in two cases with TFE3 IHC expression. All the patients were followed up for 11-82 months. Mean survival was 24 months. Five cases died of distant metastasis 9-31 months after operation (mean: 19 months), and five of the six patients alive had became metastatic.@*CONCLUSION@#Morphologically, FH-RCC overlaps with many types cell RCC. A mixture of papillary and tubular cystic arrangement is the most common growth pattern of FH-RCC. At least focally large and obvious eosinophilic nucleoli are an important histological feature of this tumor. The negative expression of FH can help to confirm the diagnosis. Young female RCC patients with uterine leiomyomas should be suspected of FH-RCC. Some FH-RCC cases lack clinical evidence. The suspicion raised by pathologists based on histological characteristics is often the key step to further genetic testing and the final diagnosis of the tumor.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/genetics , Female , Fumarate Hydratase/genetics , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Kidney Neoplasms/genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Young Adult
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922764

ABSTRACT

Cervical cancer (CC) is recognized as the most common neoplasm in the female reproductive system worldwide. The lack of chemotherapeutic agents with outstanding effectiveness and safety severely compromises the anti-cipated prognosis of patients. Aloperine (ALO) is a natural quinolizidine alkaloid with marked anti-cancer effects on multiple malignancies as well as favorable activity in relieving inflammation, allergies and infection. However, its therapeutic efficacy and underlying mechanism in CC are still unclear. In the current study, MTT assay was employed to evaluate the viability of HeLa cells exposed to ALO to preliminarily estimate the effectiveness of ALO in CC. Then, the effects of ALO on the proliferation and apoptosis of HeLa cells were further investigated by plate colony formation and flow cytometry, respectively, while the migration and invasion of ALO-treated HeLa cells were evaluated using Transwell assay. Moreover, nude mice were subcutaneously inoculated with HeLa cells to demonstrate the anti-CC properties of ALO in vivo. The molecular mechanisms underlying these effects of ALO were evaluated by Western blot and immunohistochemical analysis. This study experimentally demonstrated that ALO inhibited the proliferation of HeLa cells via G2 phase cell cycle arrest. Simultaneously, ALO promoted an increase in the percentage of apoptotic HeLa cells by increasing the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. Additionally, the migration and invasion of HeLa cells were attenuated by ALO treatment, which was considered to result from inhibition of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. For molecular mechanisms, the expression and activation of the IL-6-JAK1-STAT3 feedback loop were markedly suppressed by ALO treatment. This study indicated that ALO markedly suppresses the proliferation, migration and invasion and enhances the apoptosis of HeLa cells. In addition, these prominent anti-CC properties of ALO are associated with repression of the IL-6-JAK1-STAT3 feedback loop.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Feedback , Female , HeLa Cells , Humans , Interleukin-6/genetics , Janus Kinase 1 , Mice , Mice, Nude , Quinolizidines , STAT3 Transcription Factor/genetics , Signal Transduction , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/drug therapy
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 208-216, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872601

ABSTRACT

In the treatment of hypertensive crisis, the novel Rho kinase inhibitor DL0805-2 can rapidly lower systematic blood pressure, reduce pulmonary artery pressure, and has a significant protective effect on lung injury. This experiment intends to evaluate the efficacy of DL0805-2 against pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and preliminarily reveals its underlying mechanism. Animal welfare and experimental procedures are in accordance with the provision of the Animal Ethics Committee of the Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into DL0805-2 low, medium, and high dose groups (1, 3, and 10 mg·kg-1), bosentan positive control group, model group, and blank control group. The drug was administered daily on the 7th day after model establishment by monocrotaline injection. On the 25th day of the experiment, relevant indicators were examined to observe the therapeutic effect of DL0805-2 on pulmonary hypertension. DL0805-2 significantly relieved the abnormal changes in the physiological parameters related to PAH induced by monocrotaline, including reducing right ventricular systolic pressure, alleviating cardiac damage caused by pressure overload, and reducing the levels of endothelin-1 and inflammatory factors in lung tissues. DL0805-2 also attenuated pulmonary arteries remodeling. It was preliminarily discovered that DL0805-2 exerts preventive and therapeutic effect on PAH through Rho-kinase pathway. Our results suggested that DL0805-2 had good therapeutic effects on monocrotaline-induced PAH rat model. It intervened early in the disease process, effectively prevented the development of the disease, and reduced the mortality of the diseased animals. The mechanism is related to Rho-kinase pathway.

8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1087-1092, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878125

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Normal tension glaucoma (NTG) is a less pressure-dependent type of glaucoma with characteristic optic neuropathy. Recently, the biomechanical mechanism has been thought to account for glaucomatous optic neuropathy to some degree. We intended to compare dynamic corneal response parameters (DCRs) among patients with primary open-angle glaucoma with normal tension or hypertension and controls. The correlations between DCRs and known risk factors for glaucoma were also analyzed.@*METHODS@#In this cross-sectional study, 49 NTG subjects, 45 hypertension glaucoma (HTG) subjects, and 50 control subjects were enrolled. We compared the differences in DCRs using corneal visualization Scheimpflug technology among the NTG, HTG, and control groups. We also analyzed the correlations between DCRs and known risk factors for glaucoma (eg, central corneal thickness [CCT], intraocular pressure [IOP], etc).@*RESULTS@#The maximum inverse concave radius (NTG: 0.18 [0.17, 0.20] mm-1; control: 0.17 [0.16, 0.18] mm-1; P = 0.033), deformation amplitude ratio of 2 mm (DAR 2 mm, NTG: 4.87 [4.33, 5.39]; control: 4.37 [4.07, 4.88]; P  0.05). In the univariate and multivariate analyses, some of the DCRs, such as IR, were negatively correlated with CCT and IOP, whereas SP-A1 was positively correlated with CCT and IOP.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The cornea was more deformable in NTG than in HTG or controls. There were no significant differences in corneal deformability between HTG and controls. The cornea was more deformable with the thinner cornea and lower IOP.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Cornea , Cross-Sectional Studies , Glaucoma, Open-Angle , Humans , Hypertension , Intraocular Pressure , Low Tension Glaucoma
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 539-545, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878022

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The low accuracy of equations predicting 24-h urinary sodium excretion using a single spot urine sample contributed to the misclassification of individual sodium intake levels. The application of single spot urine sample is limited by a lack of representativity of urinary sodium excretion, possibly due to the circadian rhythm in urinary excretion. This study aimed to explore the circadian rhythm, characteristics, and parameters in a healthy young adult Chinese population as a theoretical foundation for developing new approaches.@*METHODS@#Eighty-five participants (mean age 32.4 years) completed the 24-h urine collection by successively collecting each of the single-voided specimens within 24 h. The concentrations of the urinary sodium, potassium, and creatinine for each voided specimen were measured. Cosinor analysis was applied to explore the circadian rhythm of the urinary sodium, potassium, and creatinine excretion. The excretion per hour was computed for analyzing the change over time with repeated-measures analysis of variance and a cubic spline model.@*RESULTS@#The metabolism of urinary sodium, potassium, and creatinine showed different patterns of circadian rhythm, although the urinary sodium excretion showed non-significant parameters in the cosinor model. A significant circadian rhythm of urinary creatinine excretion was observed, while the circadian rhythm of sodium was less significant than that of potassium. The circadian rhythm of urinary sodium and creatinine excretion showed synchronization to some extent, which had a nocturnal peak and fell to the lowest around noon to afternoon. In contrast, the peak of potassium was observed in the morning and dropped to the lowest point in the evening. The hourly urinary excretion followed a similar circadian rhythm.@*CONCLUSION@#It is necessary to consider the circadian rhythm of urinary sodium, potassium, and creatinine excretion in adults while exploring the estimation model for 24-h urinary sodium excretion using spot urine.


Subject(s)
Adult , China , Circadian Rhythm , Creatinine , Humans , Potassium , Sodium , Urine Specimen Collection , Young Adult
10.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1110-1115, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909462

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the possible mechanism of ultrasound therapy in the rat model of sepsis.Methods:Seventy-eight male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into Sham group ( n = 12), septic model group ( n = 22), ultrasound treatment group ( n = 22), methyllycaconitine citrate (MLA) combined with ultrasound treatment group ( n = 22). In the Sham group, only the abdomen was opened, the cecum was found to be free, without cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). In the septic model group, CLP was used to replicate the septic rat model. After operation, each group of rats were subcutaneously injected with preheated 37 ℃ normal saline. The rats in the ultrasound treatment group were treated with ultrasound [Philips IU22 L9-3 ultrasound instrument and 9 MHz probe were used to break the sequence in the spleen area once every 6 seconds, with 1 second for each time, the mechanical index (MI) was 0.72, and the treatment time was 10 minutes]. In the MLA combined with ultrasound treatment group, α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) specific blocker MLA 4 mg/kg was injected intraperitoneally 30 minutes before operation, and ultrasound treatment was performed 2 hours after operation. The levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin (IL-1β, IL-6) in serum of each group were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) at 24 hours after operation. The 10-day survival rate of each group was recorded, and the symptoms of each group were evaluated by clinical disease score (CDS). The histopathological changes of lung and colon were observed under light microscope. Results:Compared with the Sham group, the 10-day survival rate of rats in the septic model group was decreased significantly [40% (4/10) vs. 100% (6/6)], the CDS was (10.73±2.19 vs. 6.17±0.58) and the levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β were increased significantly at 24 hours after operation [TNF-α (ng/L): 42.00±8.92 vs. 13.16±3.19, IL-6 (ng/L): 129.37±25.04 vs. 63.99±12.92, IL-1β(ng/L): 254.98±67.27 vs. 76.83±25.39, all P < 0.01]. Compared with the septic model group, the survival rate in the ultrasound treatment group was improved [70% (7/10) vs. 40% (4/10)], but there was no significant difference ( P > 0.05). The CDS (7.64±2.68 vs. 10.73±2.19) and the expressions of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β were significantly reduced at 24 hours after operation [TNF-α(ng/L): 16.93±6.02 vs. 42.00±8.92, IL-6 (ng/L): 73.65±24.38 vs. 129.37±25.04, IL-1β(ng/L): 111.86±14.08 vs. 254.98±67.27, all P < 0.01]. Compared with the ultrasound treatment group, the survival rate in the MLA combined with ultrasound treatment group was reduced [60% (6/10) vs. 70% (7/10)], but the difference was not statistically significant ( P > 0.05). CDS was significantly increased (9.55±2.72 vs. 7.64±2.68), and the levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β were significantly increased at 24 hours after operation [TNF-α(ng/L): 34.61±7.89 vs. 16.93±6.02, IL-6 (ng/L): 112.92±10.42 vs. 73.65±24.38, IL-1β(ng/L): 212.57±32.16 vs. 111.86±14.08, all P < 0.01]. Microscopically, in the septic model group, the alveolar septum was thickened, a large number of inflammatory cells infiltrated, normal pulmonary reticular structure disappeared, and pulmonary interstitium showed obvious hemorrhage and edema, meanwhile, the structure of colonic villi was obviously abnormal, with cells were edema and inflammatory cell infiltration, and the arrangement was disordered, so that the subepithelial space and the top of it fell off. After ultrasound treatment, the thickness of the alveolar interval in rats was similar to that in Sham group, without obvious inflammatory cell infiltration, and the pulmonary reticular structure was relatively intact. At the same time, the morphology of colonic villi was basically normal and orderly, the edema of cell was not obvious, and subcutaneous space and tip fall off were not obvious. After being antagonized by MLA, the rat lung tissue showed thickened alveolar septum, inflammatory cell infiltration, incomplete pulmonary network structure, hemorrhage and edema in the interstitium. The villi structure of the colon was faintly visible, with obvious cell edema and inflammatory cell infiltration, and the arrangement was abnormal. Conclusion:Ultrasound treatment improves the prognosis of septic rats, MLA can reverse the anti-inflammatory effect of ultrasound therapy by antagonizing α7nAChR, suggesting that the protective mechanism of ultrasound in sepsis may be related to activating the cholinergic anti-inflammatory pathway mediated by α7nAChR.

11.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1529-1541, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922669

ABSTRACT

The cerebellum is conceptualized as a processor of complex movements and is also endowed with roles in cognitive and emotional behaviors. Although the axons of deep cerebellar nuclei are known to project to primary thalamic nuclei, macroscopic investigation of the characteristics of these projections, such as the spatial distribution of recipient zones, is lacking. Here, we studied the output of the cerebellar interposed nucleus (IpN) to the ventrolateral (VL) and centrolateral (CL) thalamic nuclei using electrophysiological recording in vivo and trans-synaptic viral tracing. We found that IpN stimulation induced mono-synaptic evoked potentials (EPs) in the VL but not the CL region. Furthermore, both the EPs induced by the IpN and the innervation of IpN projections displayed substantial heterogeneity across the VL region in three-dimensional space. These findings indicate that the recipient zones of IpN inputs vary between and within thalamic nuclei and may differentially control thalamo-cortical networks.


Subject(s)
Axons , Cerebellar Nuclei , Cerebellum , Thalamic Nuclei
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-846364

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the composition regularities of the traditional Chinese medicine formulas (TCMFs) for treating five kinds of ophthalmic diseases, including swelling and pain of eyes, night blindness, pterygium, blepharitis marginalis and nebula based on the data mining methodology. Methods: A total of 1999 TCMFs for ophthalmic diseases were collected from the Dictionary of Chinese Medicine Prescriptions. Then frequency analyses and association rules analyses were conducted with the three indicators of support, confidence and lift based on the Apriori algorithm. Results: The diaphoretic drugs and heat-clearing drugs were the commonly used types of the traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) for swelling and pain of eyes, pterygium and blepharitis marginalis. The heat-clearing drugs and tonifying drugs were the commonly used types of TCMs for night blindness and nebula. Coptidis Rhizoma was frequently used for swelling and pain of eyes, Schizonepetae Herba was for blepharitis marginalis, and Chuanxiong Rhizoma was for nebula. The latent association rules with significant lift included Margarita→Calamina for swelling and pain of eyes, Myrrha→Olibanum for pterygium, Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix→Saposhnikoviae Radix for blepharitis marginalis, and Lithargite→Sal Ammoniac for nebula. Conclusion: Using association rules, the comparative study on the five kinds of ophthalmic diseases can reveal the similarities and differences of treatments for these ophthalmic diseases and explore the composition regularities of TCMs, which helps to explore the hidden value of TCMFs.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942071

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Studies have indicated that periodontal pathogen Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) infection may contributed to accelerate the development of atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of inflammation, oxidative stress and the mechanism on atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein-E knockout (ApoE-/-) mice with P. gingivalis infection.@*METHODS@#Eight-week-old male ApoE-/- mice (C57BL/6) were maintained under specific pathogen-free conditions and fed regular chow and sterile water after 1 weeks of housing. The animals were randomly divided into two groups: (a) ApoE-/- + PBS (n=8); (b) ApoE-/- + P.gingivalis strain FDC381 (n=8). Both of the groups received intravenous injections 3 times per week for 4 weeks since 8 weeks of age. The sham control group received injections with phosphate buffered saline only, while the P. gingivalis-challenged group with P.gingivalis strain FDC381at the same time. After 4 weeks, oxidative stress mediators and inflammation cytokines were analyzed by oil red O in heart, Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in serum, quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot in aorta.@*RESULTS@#In our study, we found accelerated development of atherosclerosis and plaque formation in aorta with oil red O staining, increased oxidative stress markers [8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), NADPH oxidase (NOX)-2 and NOX-4], as well as increased inflammation cytokines [interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)] in the serum and aorta of the P. gingivalis-infected ApoE-/- mice. Compared with the control group, there was a significant increase protein level of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) in aorta after P. gingivalis infection.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our results suggest that chronic intravenous infection of P. gingivalis in ApoE-/- mice could accelerate the development of atherosclerosis by disturbing the lipid profile and inducing oxidative stress and inflammation. The NF-κB signaling pathway might play a potential role in the P. gingivalis-accelerated atherogenesis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apolipoproteins E , Atherosclerosis , Bacteroidaceae Infections , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Knockout , Porphyromonas gingivalis
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873097

ABSTRACT

Objective::Near infrared spectroscopy was used to detect the concentration density (25 ℃), solid-containing content, rhein content and glycyrrhizic acid content of compound Dahuang decoction. Method::The concentrated liquid of compound Dahuang decoction was determined by near infrared optical fiber transmission spectrometry. The contents of rhein and glycyrrhizic acid were determined by HPLC. Fifty-one samples were used for internal cross-validation, and partial least square regression was used to establish correction models between near-infrared spectrum and density, solid-containing content, rhein content and glycyrrhizic acid content, respectively. Ten unknown concentrated liquid samples were collected for external validation and prediction. Result::The external validation complex correlation coefficients between near-infrared spectra and density, solid-containing content, rhein content and glycyrrhizic acid content of the concentrated liquid of compound Dahuang decoction were 0.995 9, 0.999 6, 0.997 0 and 0.992 2, and the root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) values were 2.50×10-3, 0.17, 7.57 and 67.10, respectively. Conclusion::The near infrared spectroscopy is suitable for the determination of evaluation indexes of the concentrated liquid index of compound Dahuang decoction, and has the characteristics of rapid, simple, stable and reliable.

15.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 413-416, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868300

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of different contrast agent concentrations in CT portal venography and improve the success rate of examination.Methods:A total of 103 patients who underwent abdominal contrast-enhanced CT scan in Zhongda Hospital Southeast University from February to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were divided into two groups based on different contrast agent concentrations. Among them, 51 received high-concentration contrast agent (400 mg/ml) and 52 received low-concentration contrast agent (320 mg/ml). The data of portal vein phase were employed for portal venograpy reformation, and the CT values of the main portal vein, superior mesenteric vein, splenic vein, and portal vein enhanced were measured. The signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) were calculated to evaluate image quality objectively. Subjective assessment of image quality of CT images was performed by two experienced radiologists. Combining objective and subjective evaluations gave the overall evaluation of the image quality, implying whether different contrast agent concentrations would produce inconsistent image quality in portal venoraphy. Mann-Whitney U test and t test were used. Results:The image scores of the high and low concentration groups were 4.00 (3.97, 4.22) and 4.00 (3.40, 4.02), respectively. The difference was statistically significant ( Z=-2.329, P=0.020). The CT values of the portal vein, superior mesenteric vein, and portal vein enhanced in the high concentration group were higher than those in the low concentration group ( P< 0.05). However, no significant difference in CT value of spine vein, SNR nor CNR of the portal vein was detected between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Using the same scanning technique and contrast injection protocol, portal venography examination with high contrast agent concentration can effectively improve the success rate and image quality.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802280

ABSTRACT

Objective:To optimize the decoction process of Digda-4 decoction(DGD-4D), and provide reference for the standardization study of decoction of Mongolian medicine decoction. Method:Taking DGD-4D as model drug, different decoction methods of Mongolian medicine were compared, HPLC was used to determine contents of aesculetin, geniposide, picroside Ⅰ and picroside Ⅱ.On the basis of single factor tests, central composite design-response surface methodology was adopted to optimize the decoction process of DGD-4D with transfer rates of 4 components and dry extract rate as indexes, regression model fitting was carried out by Design-Expert 8.0.6 software, prediction model of process parameters was established, and the optimal process was verified. Result:The optimal decoction condition of DGD-4D was determined to be adding 40 times the amount of water and decocting for 17 min, decocting once.Transfer rates of aesculetin, geniposide, picroside Ⅰ, picroside Ⅱ and dry extract rate were 70.01%, 94.11%, 61.23%, 92.32%, 32.89%, respectively. Conclusion:The optimum decoction process of DGD-4D is established, it has important reference significance for excavating, sorting, improving the level of Mongolian medicine preparations and ensuring the consistency of their clinical efficacy.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792257

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of tuina at head and abdomen for headache due to phlegm turbidity. Methods:A total of 56 patients with headache due to phlegm turbidity were randomized into a tuina group and a Chinese medicine group by the random number table, with 28 cases in each group. The tuina group was treated mainly with tuina at the head and abdomen, while the Chinese medicine group was treated with oral administration of Ban Xia Bai Zhu Tian Ma Tang(Pinellia, Atractylodes Macrocephala and GastrodiaDecoction). The course of treatment was 30 d. The scores of headache index, traditional Chinese medicine syndrome scale, and the therapeutic efficacy were observed. Results:There were 2 dropouts in each group during treatment. The total effective rate was 92.3% in the tuina group, significantly higher than 76.9% in the Chinese medicine group (P<0.05). The scores of headache index and traditional Chinese medicine syndrome scale in both groups decreased after treatment (bothP<0.05), and scores in the tuina group were lower than those in the Chinese medicine group (bothP<0.05). Conclusion:Tuina mainly at head and abdomen is effective in treating headache due to phlegm turbidity, and has a better effect than Ban Xia Bai Zhu Tian Ma Tang (Pinellia, Atractylodes Macrocephala and GastrodiaDecoction).

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719721

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We aim to examine nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) characteristics and survival outcomes in patients aged 70 years and older in the intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) era. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2006 to 2013, 126 non-metastatic NPC patients aged ≥ 70 years who were treated with IMRT +/‒ chemotherapy were included. Adult Comorbidity Evaluation 27 (ACE-27) was used to measure patient comorbidities. The overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CSS)were calculatedwith the Kaplan-Meier method, and differenceswere compared using the log-rank test. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to carry out multivariate analyses. RESULTS: For the entire group, only two patients (1.6%) presented stage I disease, and up to 84.1% patients had stage III-IVB disease. All patients had a comorbidity score of 0 in 24 (19.0%), 1 in 45 (35.7%), 2 in 42 (33.3%), and 3 in 15 (11.9%) patients. The main acute grade during radiotherapy was 3-4 adverse events consisting of mucositis (25.4%), bone marrow suppression (16.7%), and dermatitis (8.7%). After treatment, four patients (3.2%) developed temporal lobe injury. Five-year CSS and OS rates were 67.3% (95% confidence interval [CI], 58.6% to 77.4%) and 54.0% (95% CI, 45.6% to 63.9%), respectively. Five-year OS was significantly higher for ACE-27 score 0-1 than ACE-27 score 2-3 (72.9% and 39.9%, respectively; p 0.05). CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest IMRT +/– chemotherapy has a manageable toxicity and provides an acceptable survival in patients aged ≥ 70 years with NPC. ACE-27 score was significantly associated with survival outcomes in this group population.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Marrow , Comorbidity , Dermatitis , Drug Therapy , Humans , Methods , Mucositis , Multivariate Analysis , Proportional Hazards Models , Radiotherapy , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated , Temporal Lobe
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734845

ABSTRACT

The professional identity and the influencing factors were surveyed among 110 resident physicians of general practice standardized training program in the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Medical College with a self-designed questionnaire,and 100 valid questionnaires were received.The average score of professional identity was (66.10 ± 13.644),and the six dimensions ranked from high to low:professional behavior,professional efficacy,professional cognition,professional emotion,professional value and professional commitment.There were significant differences in the scores of professional identity among general practitioners with different monthly income(F=2.947,P=0.037).The survey indicates that the professional identity of the resident physicians of general practice standardized training program is generally low and the income is an important influencing factor.

20.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 333-339, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-751404

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy of haploidentical allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (Haplo-HSCT) combined with third-party umbilical cord blood (UCB) infusion in treatment of high-risk lymphoblastic malignancies. Methods The clinical data of 20 patients with high-risk lymphoblastic malignancies who received Haplo-HSCT from April 2012 to April 2015 in Shanghai General Hospital were retrospectively analyzed, which were compared with the data from 15 patients who underwent matched unrelated donor HSCT (MUD-HSCT) or 14 matched sibling donor HSCT (MSD-HSCT) during the same period. The efficacy of Haplo-HSCT combined with UCB infusion in treatment of high-risk lymphoblastic malignancies was evaluated. The preparative regimen mainly consisted of teniposide, cyclophosphamide and total body irradiation (TBI). Graft versus host disease (GVHD) preparative regimen included cyclosporine and a short term of methotrexate. The patients who received Haplo-HSCT combined with UCB infusion and MUD-HSCT were treated with antithymocyte globulin (ATG). Results After the transplantation, one patient in MUD-HSCT group and one in MSD-HSCT group died within 21 days, and other patients were engrafted successfully. The median time of neutrophil engraftment was 13 days (10-18 d), 12 days (9-16 d) and 12 days (9-14 d) in Haplo-HSCT + UCB group, MUD-HSCT group and MSD-HSCT group, respectively; the median time of platelets engraftment was 11 days (9-18 d), 12 days (10-23 d) and 12 days (9-14 d), respectively. There were 10, 3, 3 cases of grade Ⅱ-Ⅳacute GVHD at day 100 in the three groups, respectively, and there were 6, 4, 3 cases of chronic GVHD in the three groups, respectively. The 2-year cumulative incidence of relapse was 40.6%, 66.2% and 26.7%, respectively. The predicted 2-year overall survival rate was 37.9%, 42.9% and 55.4%, respectively. All these data had no significant difference (all P> 0.05). Conclusion The efficacy of Haplo-HSCT combined with UCB infusion is similar to that of MUD-HSCT or MSD-HSCT in treatment of high-risk lymphoblastic malignancies, which should be recommended to the patients with high-risk lymphoblastic malignancies and without matched donors.

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