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1.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 619-625, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984694

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the value of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) in the risk stratification of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Methods: HCM patients who underwent CMR examination in Fuwai Hospital between March 2012 and May 2013 were retrospectively enrolled. Baseline clinical and CMR data were collected and patient follow-up was performed using telephone contact and medical record. The primary composite endpoint was sudden cardiac death (SCD) or and equivalent event. The secondary composite endpoint was all-cause death and heart transplant. Patients were divided into SCD and non-SCD groups. Cox regression was used to explore risk factors of adverse events. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to assess the performance and the optimal cut-off of late gadolinium enhancement percentage (LGE%) for the prediction of endpoints. Kaplan-Meier and log-rank tests were used to compare survival differences between groups. Results: A total of 442 patients were enrolled. Mean age was (48.5±12.4) years and 143(32.4%) were female. At (7.6±2.5) years of follow-up, 30 (6.8%) patients met the primary endpoint including 23 SCD and 7 SCD equivalent events, and 36 (8.1%) patients met the secondary endpoint including 33 all-cause death and 3 heart transplant. In multivariate Cox regression, syncope(HR=4.531, 95%CI 2.033-10.099, P<0.001), LGE% (HR=1.075, 95%CI 1.032-1.120, P=0.001) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) (HR=0.956, 95%CI 0.923-0.991, P=0.013) were independent risk factors for primary endpoint; Age (HR=1.032, 95%CI 1.001-1.064, P=0.046), atrial fibrillation (HR=2.977, 95%CI 1.446-6.131, P=0.003),LGE% (HR=1.075, 95%CI 1.035-1.116, P<0.001) and LVEF (HR=0.968, 95%CI 0.937-1.000, P=0.047) were independent risk factors for secondary endpoint. ROC curve showed the optimal LGE% cut-offs were 5.1% and 5.8% for the prediction of primary and secondary endpoint, respectively. Patients were further divided into LGE%=0, 0<LGE%<5%, 5%≤LGE%<15% and LGE%≥15% groups. There were significant survival differences between these 4 groups whether for primary endpoint or secondary endpoint (all P<0.001) and the accumulated incidence of primary endpoint was 1.2% (2/161), 2.2% (2/89), 10.5% (16/152) and 25.0% (10/40), respectively. Conclusion: LGE is an independent risk factor for SCD events as well as all-cause death and heart transplant. LGE is of important value in the risk stratification in patients with HCM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Male , Contrast Media , Retrospective Studies , Stroke Volume , Gadolinium , Ventricular Function, Left , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/diagnostic imaging , Death, Sudden, Cardiac , Risk Assessment
2.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 537-540, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996271

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate clinical characteristics and factors influencing the prognosis of patients with mucosal melanoma.Methods:The clinical data of 49 patients with mucosal melanoma in Fujian Cancer Hospital from March 2012 to March 2022 were retrospectively analyzed, and their clinical characteristics and prognostic influencing factors were observed. Kaplan‐Meier method was used for survival analysis and Cox proportional risk model was used to analyze the prognostic influencing factors.Results:Female accounted for 61.2% (30/49) of all 49 patients with mucosal melanoma and the median age was 56 years (42-79 years). The most frequent primary tumor sites occurred in head and neck (42.9%, 21/49), followed by the reproductive system (32.7%, 16/49). At the time of initial diagnosis, 81.6% (40/49) of patients had no distant metastasis and 79.6% (39/49) of patients had normal levels of peripheral blood lactate dehydrogenase. The median overall survival time of 49 patients with mucosal melanoma was 39.5 months (95% CI 23.1-55.9 months). The median overall survival time of patients without distant metastasis at the time of initial diagnosis was significantly longer than that of patients with distant metastasis [46.5 months (95% CI 31.6-61.4 months) vs. 19.2 months (95% CI 0-42.2 months, P = 0.025]. There were no statistically significant differences in median overall survival time of patients with different gender, age at the time of initial diagnosis, primary tumor site, and the level of lactate dehydrogenase in peripheral blood at the time of initial diagnosis (all P > 0.05). The presence of distant metastasis at the time of initial diagnosis was an independent risk factor for the prognosis of patients with mucosal melanoma ( HR = 0.379, 95% CI 0.157-0.918, P = 0.032). Conclusions:Mucosal melanoma is more common in female. The most frequent primary tumor sites occur in head and neck. At the time of initial diagnosis, most patients have non‐distant metastasis and the normal level of peripheral blood lactate dehydrogenase. At the time of initial diagnosis, whether there is distant metastasis is an independent influencing factor for the prognosis of patients with mucosal melanoma.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996052

ABSTRACT

Objective:To find the preferences of nursing staff when they provide " Internet + nursing service" for elderly patients.Methods:By means of the discrete choice experiment, a questionnaire was designed to investigate the preferences of nursing staff when they provide " Internet + nursing services" for elderly patients. In-service nursing staff from 8 medical and health institutions in Ningbo city and Wenzhou city were selected by random sampling, for an online questionnaire survey conducted from May to June 2022. The preferences of nursing staff on their service income, service content, service distance, service continuity and residence status of elderly patients when providing " Internet + nursing service" were analyzed by mixed logit regression.Results:A total of 420 valid questionnaires were collected. Compared to 50 yuan/order, nursing staff preferred to a price of 150 yuan/order ( β= 1.22, P<0.001) nursing services; Compared to specialized nursing services, nursing staff preferred to the routine care ( β= 0.86, P<0.001) and health promotion ( β= 0.86, P<0.05) service; Compared to<5 km, nursing staff were unwilling to provide nursing services for elderly patients at distances of 5-10 km and 11-15 km ( β=-0.66, P<0.05; β=-0.95, P<0.001) ; Compared to 1-2 visits per month, nursing staff preferred not to provide continuing care services ( β=-0.70, P<0.05); Compared to homestay with the patient family, nursing staff preferred to provide nursing services for elderly patients residing in nursing homes ( β= 1.21, P<0.001) . Conclusions:Considering the preference of nursing staff tend to provide " Internet + nursing service" for the elderly patients with services featuring appropriate price, non-specialist care, close distance, low continuity (moderate intensity used as the reference) and security assurance for practice.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995540

ABSTRACT

Objective:To report the use of right internal mammary artery (RIMA) in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in our center, summarize the purpose and configuration of RIMA graft in CABG.Methods:All clinical data of coronary artery bypass grafting patients in our center performed in the past 6 years were collected and analyzed retrospectively. Those patients were divided into RIMA group and non-RIMA group according to the use of RIMA. Propensity score matching had been performed before these data was compared. Surgical technique of use of RIMA was summarized.Results:1 537 CABG had been performed from January 1st, 2016 to October 31st, 2021 in our center. Of which, 128 cases were allocated to RIMA group. After propensity score matching having been performed, there was no difference in baseline data between the RIMA group and the non-RIMA group (128 cases), and the RIMA group had more grafts and arterial grafts than the non-RIMA group. The postoperative drainage volume in the RIMA group was more than that of the non-RIMA group. However, there was no statistical significance in difference of transfusion between two groups. Also, there was no difference in postoperative mechanical ventilation time, ICU time and length of stay postoperatively. The postoperative complications were similar between two groups. Postoperative patency rate of the RIMA graft was as high as 95.2%. The target vessels of RIMA included left anterior descending branch (45 cases), diagonal branch (19 cases), intermediate branch (12 cases). obtuse marginal or circumflex branch (16 cases), posterior descending branch (5 cases) and right coronary trunk (18 cases). 41 RIMA used as free grafts, 87 used as in situ grafts, of which 19 RIMA need lengthened by other graft vessels.Conclusion:The patency rate of RIMA graft is high and the application of RIMA do not increase the surgical risk significantly. However, there are versatile contour of RIMA grafts. It can be used as artery graft in selected patients.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995202

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore any effect of the single- and dual-task treadmill training on the functioning of children with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy.Methods:Fifty children with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy were randomly divided into a single-task treadmill training group (the control group, n=25) and a dual-task treadmill training group (the observation group, n=25). All of the children also received routine rehabilitation training, and the control and observation groups also conducted single- and dual-task treadmill training in addition to the routine rehabilitation training, respectively. Before and after 2 months of treatment, each child′s gross motor functioning was quantified using sections D (standing) and E (walking, running and jumping) of the Gross Motor Function Measurement-88 (GMFM-88) instrument. Balance was quantified using the Pediatric Balance Scale (PBS) and walking mobility was quantified using a 1 minute walking test (1MWT). Modified and dual task Timed Up and Go (mTUG) tests and dual-task effects (DTE) tests were also administered. Results:There were no significant differences in average test scores between the two groups before the treatment. After the treatment significant improvement was observed in both groups. There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of average GMFM-88, PBS and 1MWT scores, but significantly greater improvement was observed in the average dual-task mTUG and DTE results of the observation group.Conclusion:Both single- and dual-task treadmill training are effective supplements to routine rehabilitation training for children with bilateral spastic cerebral palsy. Dual-task treadmill training is more effective than the single-task version.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994356

ABSTRACT

Cellular senescence is a state in which cells enter permanent cell cycle arrest, which is characterized by senescence-associated secretory phenotype secretion, macromolecular damage, metabolic dysregulation and so on. Recent studies have shown a close relationship between cellular senescence and type 2 diabetes. On the one hand, the glycolipotoxic microenvironment of type 2 diabetes can accelerate cell senescence and accumulation. On the other hand, cellular senescence can promote the development of type 2 diabetes. For example, senescence of pancreatic β-cells leads to β-cell dysfunction and adipocytes senescence results in the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines, causing disturbances in lipid metabolism and exacerbating insulin resistance. Moreover, senescence of endothelial cells, retinal endothelial cells, and other cell types contributes to the occurrence of chronic complications in diabetes. Cellular senescence is not only an important factor in the onset of type 2 diabetes but also a consequence of its progression. Targeting cellular senescence holds promise as a new strategy for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992854

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of transapical catheter of mitral valve repair (MVR) with Memoclip device in the management of moderate to severe and severe mitral regurgitation (MR) guided by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE).Methods:Fifteen patients with moderate to severe and severe MR in Hefei High-tech Cardiovascular Hospital from December 2021 to October 2022 were prospectively selected. Mitral valve morphology and length, regurgitation severity, left ventricular ejection fraction and pulmonary venous Doppler spectra were carefully evaluated before MVR by TEE.Intraprocedural TEE was performed to guide the MVR including transseptal catheterization, alignment of the clip delivery system, assessment of leaflet capture, clip deployment, post-clip deployment assessment, and withdrawal of the clip delivery system. The position and coaptation length of the clips, the mitral orifice morphology, residual mitral valve regurgitation and pressure gradient were evaluated after MVR.Meanwhile, the complications were monitored throughout the procedure.Results:Among the 15 patients, 12 were implanted with 1 clip and 3 were implanted with 2 clips, respectively. No complications occurred. There were 13 patients with mild regurgitation and 2 showed to moderate mitral regurgitation 1 month later after MVR, and 13 remained mild and 2 maintained moderate regurgitation 3 months later. Significant differences were found in maximal MR area (MRA-max), maximal and mean mitral valve pressure gradient (MVPG-max, MVPG-mean) and mitral valve area (MVA) among the 5 observation time points (all P<0.05). MRA-max, MVA and MVPG-mean were significantly decreased immediately and 3 months after the procedure ( P<0.001). No significant stenosis was found in mitral valve after MVR. Conclusions:MVR with Memoclip is safe, effective, easy to operate in treating patients with moderate to severe and severe MR. TEE plays a key role in perioperative MVR with Memoclip through apical catheterization.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991165

ABSTRACT

As a ligand-dependent transcription factor,retinoid-associated orphan receptor γt(RORyt)that controls T helper(Th)17 cell differentiation and interleukin(IL)-17 expression plays a critical role in the pro-gression of several inflammatory and autoimmune conditions.An emerging novel approach to the therapy of these diseases thus involves controlling the transcriptional capacity of RORyt to decrease Th17 cell development and IL-17 production.Several RORyt inhibitors including both antagonists and inverse agonists have been discovered to regulate the transcriptional activity of RORyt by binding to orthosteric-or allosteric-binding sites in the ligand-binding domain.Some of small-molecule inhibitors have entered clinical evaluations.Therefore,in current review,the role of RORyt in Th17 regulation and Th17-related inflammatory and autoimmune diseases was highlighted.Notably,the recently developed RORyt inhibitors were summarized,with an emphasis on their optimization from lead compounds,ef-ficacy,toxicity,mechanisms of action,and clinical trials.The limitations of current development in this area were also discussed to facilitate future research.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990337

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the potential categories of post-operative supportive care demand trajectory for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), analyze the influencing factors, and propose targeted interventions.Methods:This was a prospective observational study. A convenient sampling method was used to select 177 NSCLC patients who received surgical treatment in Shanghai Lung Hospital Affiliated to Tongji University from January 2021 to February 2022. The Supportive Care Demand Scale for cancer patients was used to investigate the level of patients′supportive care demand 1 day before operation, 3 days after operation, 1 day before discharge, 1 week after discharge, 1 month after discharge, and 3 months after discharge, and the potential growth model was used to identify the trajectory category and multi category Logistic regression analysis was used to explore the influencing factors.Results:Three supportive care demand trajectories were fitted out in this study, which were the continuous high demand group (46.33%), the slowly decreasing demand group (30.51%), and the low decreasing demand group (23.16%). With the potential category group 3, low demand reduction group as the reference category, Logistic regression analysis showed that high psychological distress, low social support, high disease stage, high comorbidities were more likely to enter the continuous high demand group ( OR = 0.826 to 18.526, all P<0.05), and high education level (college education and above and high school) were more likely to enter the slowly decreasing demand group ( OR = 6.076, 4.199, both P<0.05). Conclusions:The demand track of NSCLC patients for supportive care after surgery has population heterogeneity. Clinical medical staff should provide personalized social support and emotional support for patients with high disease stage, more complications and low education level in the early postoperative period.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989540

ABSTRACT

Primary pulmonary lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (PPLELC) is a distinct type of lung cancer with histological profiles similar to nasopharyngeal carcinoma. The development is associated with EBV and plasma EBV DNA has predictive value in the progression and prognosis of PPLELC. PPLELC is different from some other types of lung cancer in that it has a low mutation rate of the classical lung cancer driver genes and targeted therapy is ineffective for it. Chemotherapy combined with immunotherapy may be the best first-line treatment option for patients with advanced PPLELC.

11.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 343-347, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988991

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate clinical efficacy and safety of venetoclax (VEN)-based regimens in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML).Methods:The clinical data of 41 AML patients treated with venetoclax-based regimens from January 2021 to December 2021 in Ruijin Hospital North of Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine were retrospectively analyzed. The treatment regimens included VEN+demethylating drugs ± gene mutation inhibitors or VEN+chemotherapy with a median number of 2 courses (1- 5 courses).Results:The median age of all patients was 60 years (18-73 years), and there were 24 males and 17 females. After 1 course of VEN-based therapy, 22 (53.7%) patients achieved complete remission (CR) or morphological complete remission without complete blood count recovery (CRi), including 5 patients achieving minimal residual disease (MRD) negative. After 2 courses of treatment, of 17 patients available for efficacy evaluation, 7 patients achieved MRD negative. Among 20 relapsed/refractory AML patients, 9 cases achieved CR/CRi after 1 course of treatment, of which 1 patient had MRD negative. Among 21 patients initially treated and re-treated, 13 cases achieved CR/CRi and 1 case achieved partial remission after 1 course of treatment, of which 4 cases had MRD negative.Conclusions:VEN-based treatment regimens for AML have a high remission rate and tolerable adverse effects.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986908

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the prognoses of advanced (T3-T4) sinonasal malignancies (SNM). Methods: The clinical data of 229 patients with advanced (T3-4) SNM who underwent surgical treatments in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from 2000 to 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, including 162 males and 67 females, aged (46.8±18.5) years old. Among them, 167 cases received endoscopic surgery alone, 30 cases received assisted incision endoscopic surgery, and 32 cases received open surgery. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the 3-year and 5-year overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS). Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed to explore significant prognostic factors. Results: The 3-year and 5-year OS were respectively 69.7% and 64.0%. The median OS time was 43 months. The 3-year and 5-year EFS were respectively 57.8% and 47.4%. The median EFS time was 34 months. The 5-year OS of the patients with epithelial-derived tumors was better than that of the patients with mesenchymal-derived tumors and malignant melanoma (5-year OS was respectively 72.3%, 47.8% and 30.0%, χ2=36.01, P<0.001). Patients with microscopically margin-negative resection (R0 resection) had the best prognosis, followed by macroscopically margin-negative resection (R1 resection), and debulking surgery was the worst (5-year OS was respectively 78.4%, 55.1% and 37.4%, χ2=24.63, P<0.001). There was no significant difference in 5-year OS between the endoscopic surgery group and the open surgery group (65.8% vs. 53.4%, χ2=2.66, P=0.102). Older patients had worse OS (HR=1.02, P=0.011) and EFS (HR=1.01, P=0.027). Patients receiving adjuvant therapy had a lower risk of death (HR=0.62, P=0.038). Patients with a history of nasal radiotherapy had a higher risk of recurrence (HR=2.48, P=0.002) and a higher risk of death (HR=2.03, P=0.020). Conclusion: For patients with advanced SNM, the efficacy of endoscopic surgery can be comparable to that of open surgery when presence of safe surgical margins, and a treatment plan based on transnasal endoscopic surgery as the main comprehensive treatment is recommended.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Retrospective Studies , Prognosis , Combined Modality Therapy , Melanoma/surgery , Endoscopy
13.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 574-581, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986173

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the impact of different prognostic scores in patients with acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF) in order to provide treatment guidance for liver transplantation. Methods: The information on inpatients with ACLF admitted at Beijing You'an Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University and the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January 2015 to October 2022 was collected retrospectively. ACLF patients were divided into liver transplantation and non-liver transplantation groups, and the two groups prognostic conditions were followed-up. Propensity score matching was carried out between the two groups on the basis of liver disease (non-cirrhosis, compensated cirrhosis, and decompensated cirrhosis), the model for end-stage liver disease incorporating serum sodium (MELD-Na), and ACLF classification as matching factors. The prognostic condition of the two groups after matching was compared. The difference in 1-year survival rate between the two groups was analyzed under different ACLF grades and MELD-Na scores. The independent sample t-test or rank sum test was used for inter-group comparison, and the χ (2) test was used for the comparison of count data between groups. Results: In total, 865 ACLF inpatients were collected over the study period. Of these, 291 had liver transplantation and 574 did not. The overall survival rates at 28, 90, and 360 days were 78%, 66%, and 62%, respectively. There were 270 cases of matched ACLF post-liver transplantation and 270 cases without ACLF, in accordance with a ratio of 1:1. At 28, 90, and 360 days, patients with non-liver transplantation had significantly lower survival rates (68%, 53%, and 49%) than patients with liver transplantation (87%, 87%, and 78%, respectively; P < 0.001). Patients were classified into four groups according to the ACLF classification criteria. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the survival rates of liver transplantation and non-liver transplantation patients in ACLF grade 0 were 77.2% and 69.4%, respectively, with no statistically significant difference (P = 0.168). The survival rate with an ACLF 1-3 grade was significantly higher in liver transplantation patients than that of non-liver transplantation patients (P < 0.05). Patients with ACLF grades 1, 2, and 3 had higher 1-year survival rates compared to non-liver transplant patients by 50.6%, 43.6%, and 61.7%, respectively. Patients were divided into four groups according to the MELD-Na score. Among the patients with a MELD-Na score of < 25, the 1-year survival rates for liver transplantation and non-liver transplantation were 78.2% and 74.0%, respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.149). However, among patients with MELD-Na scores of 25-30, 30-35, and≥35, the survival rate was significantly higher in liver transplantation than that of non-liver transplantation, and the 1-year survival rate increased by 36.4%, 54.9%, and 62.5%, respectively (P < 0.001). Further analysis of the prognosis of patients with different ACLF grades and MELD-Na scores showed that ACLF grades 0 or 1 and MELD-Na score of < 30 had no statistically significant difference in the 1-year survival rate between liver transplantation and non-liver transplantation (P > 0.05), but in patients with MELD-Na score≥30, the 1-year survival rate of liver transplantation was higher than that of non-liver transplantation patients (P < 0.05). In the ACLF grade 0 and MELD-Na score of≥30 group, the 1-year survival rates of liver transplantation and non-liver transplantation patients were 77.8% and 25.0% respectively (P < 0.05); while in the ACLF grade 1 and MELD-Na score of≥30 group, the 1-year survival rates of liver transplantation and non-liver transplantation patients were 100% and 20.0%, respectively (P < 0.01). Among patients with ACLF grade 2, the 1-year survival rate with MELD-Na score of < 25 in patients with liver transplantation was 73.9% and 61.6%, respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05); while in the liver transplantation patients group with MELD-Na score of ≥25, the 1-year survival rate was 79.5%, 80.8%, and 75%, respectively, which was significantly higher than that of non-liver transplantation patients (36.6%, 27.6%, 15.0%) (P < 0.001). Among patients with ACLF grade 3, regardless of the MELD-Na score, the 1-year survival rate was significantly higher in liver transplantation patients than that of non-liver transplantation patients (P < 0.01). Additionally, among patients with non-liver transplantation with an ACLF grade 0~1 and a MELD-Na score of < 30 at admission, 99.4% survived 1 year and still had an ACLF grade 0-1 at discharge, while 70% of deaths progressed to ACLF grade 2-3. Conclusion: Both the MELD-Na score and the EASL-CLIF C ACLF classification are capable of guiding liver transplantation; however, no single model possesses a consistent and precise prediction ability. Therefore, the combined application of the two models is necessary for comprehensive and dynamic evaluation, but the clinical application is relatively complex. A simplified prognostic model and a risk assessment model will be required in the future to improve patient prognosis as well as the effectiveness and efficiency of liver transplantation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , End Stage Liver Disease , Severity of Illness Index
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981290

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the current status of Chinese medical researchers' knowledge regarding the ethical norms of the research involving humans or laboratory animals,and provide reference for further improving the ethics review norms. Methods The questionnaire method was employed to survey the applicants for the 2019 projects supported by the Department of Medical Sciences,National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) about their knowledge of ethical requirements.Furthermore,the ethical supervision of the NSFC and affiliations at the project application and implementation stages was analyzed. Results The survey showed that 29.9% medical researchers were familiar with NSFC's ethical requirements for research involving human or laboratory animals.During the project application stage,59.0% affiliations adopted the simplified review method.Regarding the ethical supervison,95.5% medical researchers believed that the affiliations should fulfill the ethical supervision obligations and take relevant measures during the project implementation period.In addition,55.0% medical researchers fully agreed to discuss with the review experts about the ethical issues involved in the project. Conclusions The NSFC should establish rules and regulations to improve institutional management responsibilities and institutionalize the training about research ethics to comprehensively strengthening the training.Taking the management of research project ethics as a starting point,the NSFC should form a multi-party linkage between project funding and management and establish an accountability mechanism for ethics management.Furthermore,the NSFC should double the endeavors at the review of ethical issues during expert review and process management and attach importance to the research,judgment,and prevention of ethical risks.


Subject(s)
Humans , Foundations , Biomedical Research , China , Natural Science Disciplines
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981288

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value of high-frequency ultrasound in the diagnosis of pronator teres syndrome (PTS). Methods The high-frequency ultrasound was employed to examine and measure the median nerve of the pronator teres muscle in 30 patients with PTS and 30 healthy volunteers (control group).The long-axis diameter (LA),short-axis diameter (SA) and cross-sectional area (CSA) of the median nerve were measured.The receiver operating characteristic curve of the median nerve ultrasonic measurement results was established,and the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated.The diagnostic efficiency of each index for PTS was compared with the surgical results as a reference. Results The PTS group showed larger LA[(5.02±0.50) mm vs.(3.89±0.41) mm;t=4.38,P=0.013],SA[(2.55±0.46) mm vs.(1.70±0.41) mm;t=5.19,P=0.009],and CSA[(11.13±3.72) mm2 vs.(6.88±2.68) mm2;t=8.42,P=0.008] of the median nerve than the control group.The AUC of CSA,SA,and LA was 94.3% (95%CI=0.912-0.972,Z=3.586,P=0.001),77.7% (95%CI=0.734-0.815,Z=2.855, P=0.006),and 78.8% (95%CI=0.752-0.821,Z=3.091,P=0.004),respectively.With 8.63 mm2 as the cutoff value,the sensitivity and specificity of CSA in diagnosing PTS were 93.3% and 90.0%,respectively. Conclusion High-frequency ultrasound is a practical method for diagnosing PTS,and the CSA of median nerve has a high diagnostic value.


Subject(s)
Humans , Forearm/innervation , Muscle, Skeletal/innervation , Median Nerve/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography/methods , Sensitivity and Specificity
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981285

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the impact of deep learning reconstruction algorithm on the image quality of head and neck CT angiography (CTA) at 100 kVp. Methods CT scanning was performed at 100 kVp for the 37 patients who underwent head and neck CTA in PUMC Hospital from March to April in 2021.Four sets of images were reconstructed by three-dimensional adaptive iterative dose reduction (AIDR 3D) and advanced intelligent Clear-IQ engine (AiCE) (low,medium,and high intensity algorithms),respectively.The average CT value,standard deviation (SD),signal-to-noise ratio (SNR),and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of the region of interest in the transverse section image were calculated.Furthermore,the four sets of sagittal maximum intensity projection images of the anterior cerebral artery were scored (1 point:poor,5 points:excellent). Results The SNR and CNR showed differences in the images reconstructed by AiCE (low,medium,and high intensity) and AIDR 3D (all P<0.01).The quality scores of the image reconstructed by AiCE (low,medium,and high intensity) and AIDR 3D were 4.78±0.41,4.92±0.27,4.97±0.16,and 3.92±0.27,respectively,which showed statistically significant differences (all P<0.001). Conclusion AiCE outperformed AIDR 3D in reconstructing the images of head and neck CTA at 100 kVp,being capable of improving image quality and applicable in clinical examinations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Computed Tomography Angiography/methods , Radiation Dosage , Deep Learning , Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted/methods , Signal-To-Noise Ratio , Algorithms
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980785

ABSTRACT

A multifunctional moxibustion treatment machine is designed and developed to assist the heat-sensitive moxibustion therapy. Through the motion control of the stepping motor by programmable logic controller (PLC), the automatic control is obtained for the acupoint detection of heat-sensitive moxibustion therapy and the manual operation of moxibustion. The skin temperature is monitored in real-time, using infrared non-contact temperature measurement technology. Based on the deviation of the temperature set value and the monitoring one, the distance between the moxibustion device and the exerted region is adjusted automatically by PLC so that the temperature is controlled practically. The multifunctional moxibustion treatment machine based on the heat-sensitive moxibustion therapy is capable of the operation control of mild moxibustion, circling moxibustion, sparrow-pecking moxibustion and along-meridian moxibustion techniques, as well as real-time monitoring of skin temperature. The temperature change curve of this machine is coincident with that obtained by the manual operation of heat-sensitive moxibustion. This multifunctional moxibustion treatment machine assists the delivery of heat-sensitive moxibustion therapy and it is satisfactory in temperature control and precise in operation.


Subject(s)
Hot Temperature , Moxibustion , Pain Management , Acupuncture Points , Meridians
18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 909-918, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978760

ABSTRACT

Human neutrophil elastase (hNE) is a serine proteolytic enzyme mainly distributed in neutrophils. When the balance between anti-hNE protein and hNE is broken, excessive release of hNE can cause the occurrence of various diseases. Therefore, inhibition of hNE is a promising therapeutic strategy. In this paper, the structure, action mechanism, physiological function of hNE and the development of hNE inhibitors were briefly summarized, in order to provide information for the related research.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 856-866, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978755

ABSTRACT

Nanotechnology has shown obvious advantages in the field of medical treatment and diagnosis. Through the encapsulation of nano carriers, drugs not only enhance the therapeutic effect and reduce toxic and side effects, but also become intelligent responsive targeted drug systems through the modification on the surface of nano carriers. However, due to the obstacles in relevant basic research, production conditions, cost, clinical trials, and the lack of pharmacokinetic research on various drug loading systems, few nano systems have been used in therapy. In order to solve the above problems, this paper reviewed and analyzed the research progress of nano carriers in drug delivery, including their auxiliary role and characteristics, types and functions, pharmacokinetics, application prospects and challenges.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1822-1832, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978655

ABSTRACT

The alterations of serum biological endogenous chemicals in rats with phlegm dampness accumulation syndrome of prehypertension (PHT) were interfered by Banxia Baizhu Tianma decoction (BBT), and the metabolic regulatory pathway of BBT was clarified using serum metabonomics analysis. To replicate the rat model of prehypertension phlegm dampness syndrome, blood pressure, behavioral markers, and serum biochemical markers of rats were collected. BBT's effectiveness in controlling blood pressure and blood lipids was assessed, and changes in endogenous small molecules in rat serum were determined using UPLC-Q-Orbitrap MS metabolic analysis. The results showed that BBT could regulate 9 metabolites, including arachidonic acid, cholic acid, glycodeoxycholic acid, N-adenosyltyrosine, arginine, lysophosphatidylethanolamine (20:0/0:00), lysophospholipid (P-18:0), lysophospholipid (18:0), lysophospholipid (22:5(7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z)). MetaboAnalyst was used to analyze the metabolic pathway. There were 7 metabolic pathways closely related to the change of blood pressure in rats, among which arachidonic acid metabolic pathway was the most critical. The metabolism difference foreign body in the model rats tends to return to the normal level, which provides a research basis for the mechanism of BBT from the perspective of metabonomics. This study was approved by the Experimental Animal Welfare Ethics Review Committee of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (approval number: SDUTCM20211103001).

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