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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 209-211, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862572

ABSTRACT

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has become a major threat to global public health. In addition to injury in the respiratory system, some patients may have varying degrees of liver injury. With reference to related articles, this article analyzes the etiological characteristics and pathogenesis of COVID-19 and discusses the possible causes of COVID-19 with liver injury, including the direct effect of virus, inflammatory cytokine storm, drug-induced liver injury, hypoxic liver injury, and immune dysfunction. It is suggested that reasonable drugs should be selected in clinical practice to protect the liver and reduce the incidence rate of liver injury.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 120-125, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862556

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the ability of Ganshuang granule (a liver-protecting drug widely used in clinical practice) extract to reduce N-acetyl-p-aminophenol (APAP)-induced hepatotoxicity and possible mechanisms. MethodsA total of five cell culture groups were set up in this experiment, i.e., normal control group, APAP injury group, and three injury protection groups treated with different concentrations of Ganshuang granule extract. Then 20 mmol/L APAP was added to the cell culture medium and incubated for 24 hours to establish an in vitro model of drug-induced liver injury, and the injury protection groups were treated with different concentrations of Ganshuang granule extract (0.2, 1, and 5 μg/ml) in advance for 8 hours of incubation before APAP were added for 24 hours. Related markers were measured, including the markers for hepatocellular injury [alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)], the markers for mitochondrial injury [mitochondrial membrane potential, and glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH)], and antioxidant and oxidative stress markers [glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), and reactive oxygen species (ROS)]. Related mechanism was discussed based on the experimental results. A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of continuous data between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t-test was used for further comparison between two groups. ResultsGanshuang granule extract alleviated APAP-induced hepatotoxicity, improved cell viability (P<0001), and reduced the levels of AST, ALT, and LDH in supernatant (P<0.001, P<0.001, and P<0.05). Ganshuang granule extract inhibited APAP-induced hepatocellular oxidative stress, and compared with the APAP group, the Ganshuang granule extract groups had significant reductions in the oxidative stress indicators ROS and MDA (both P<0.01). Ganshuang granule extract alleviated the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential induced by APAP (P<0.05) and reduced the content of the mitochondrial injury marker GDH in supernatant (P<0.001) in a dose-dependent manner. Ganshuang granule extract inhibited the expression of CYP2E1/1A2 (both P<0.05) and increased the expression of phase Ⅱ enzymes in hepatocytes. Ganshuang granule extract induced the expression of Nrf2 and its downstream genes NQO-1 and GCLC (all P<0.05). ConclusionGanshuang granule extract can prevent APAP-induced hepatocellular injury through two ways. The first way is that Ganshuang granule extract downregulates the expression of CYP2E1/1A2 and thus reduces the production of NAPQI, a toxic product of APAP; the second way is that Ganshuang granule extract upregulates the expression of the detoxification pathway, which can activate Nrf2 to increase the expression of antioxidant enzymes (SOD and GSH) and phase Ⅱ enzymes and thus accelerate the harmless metabolism of APAP.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885970

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the research progress and challenges in electronic health records(EHR) in China by means of literature retrieval of EHR research in China.Methods:" Electronic health record" " Electronic health archive" and " Electronic medical record" were used as search terms, and subject retrieving method was used to retrieve literatures published before December 31 2019 on China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI) database. Such software as SATI, Netdraw, VOSviewer, UCINET and CiteSpace etc. were used for bibliometric analysis and knowledge graphing. These practices could analyze and visualize in an overall perspective the power distsribution, hot spots and evolution trends of EHR study in China.Results:2 146 papers on EHR research were retrieved. The study found that relatively stable groups of core authors on EHR had taken shape in China, and there were not representative authority organizations as of now, while a healthy research ecology was emerging gradually; the current studies were centering on seven hot spots and presented a clear technology-based tendency.Conclusions:Such areas as data security, nation-wide system integration, application performance upgrading mechanism and EHR data industrialization constitute both development opportunities and major challenges as well.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885792

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze and compare difference of ultrasonic blood flow of left internal mammary artery(LIMA) and right internal mammary artery(RIMA)as graft to left anterior descending artery(LAD) in patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting(OPCABG).Methods:From October 2017 to October 2019, a total of 363 patients who underwent OPCAB including 329 patients in LIMA-LAD group and 34 patients in RIMA-LAD group, were included in this study. Transthoracic ultrasound examination on IMA was performed before OPCABG. The blood flow , the value of PI(pulsation index) and diastolic flow(DF) of LIMA and RIMA to left anterior descending were measured and recorded by intraoperative TTFM. Patients underwent coronary artery CT examinations at 1 week after OPCABG to discover the patency of grafts.Results:The pre-operative diameter of RIMA was larger and the blood flow and pulsation index of RIMA was better than that of LIMA before OPCABG( P<0.001). But there was no significant difference in the flow, pulsation index and DF value of graft between the two groups after IMA were anastomosed to LAD( P>0.05). In situ skeletonized graft of RIMA did not show the advantage of increased blood flow. Compared with the preoperative parameters of flow of internal mammary artery, both the left and right grafts of IMA were significantly better in blood flow and pulsation index( P<0.001). Considering the remarkable difference in age between the two groups, Flow, PI and DF were compared again after propensity score matching, and there was still no statistical difference between the two groups( P>0.05). A total of 313 patients in LIMA-LAD group completed coronary CTA examination one week after surgery, among which 4 grafts had different degrees of problems. A total of 34 patients in RIMA-LAD group completed coronary CTA examination, one case indicated that the CTA imaging in distal segment was not clear, and the other results had no obvious abnormality. There was no significant difference in postoperative rate of coronary CTA completion( P=0.381) and rate of graft failure( P=0.405) between the two groups. Conclusion:Compared with the preoperative parameters of blood flow of internal mammary artery, both the left and right IMA grafts are significantly better in flow and pulsation index. The pre-operative diameter of RIMA is larger and the blood flow and pulsation index of RIMA is better than that of LIMA before OPCABG. But there is no significant difference in the flow, pulsation index and DF value of graft between the two groups after IMA are anastomosed to LAD. In situ skeletonized graft of RIMA do not show the advantage of increased blood flow.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885247

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the safety and efficacy of simultaneous carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for patients with concomitant severe carotid and coronary artery disease.Methods:The clinical data of 19 patients with concomitant severe carotid artery stenosis and coronary artery disease undergoing simultaneous CEA and CABG at Peking University People′s Hospital from Jan 2011 to Dec 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:The mean ages was 69 years old.The operation adopted the strategy of CEA first and then CABG. Conventional CEA with carotid arterial shunting was performed. The primary composite end points were perioperative cardiovascular and neurological adverse event rates, as well as the late follow-up outcomes. The technical success rate was 100%. There were no adverse cardiovascular events during the perioperative period. Ischemic stroke occurred in 2 patients. No early death was observed. Seventeen cases were successfully followed up for 1-103 months. One patient developed cerebral infarction after 8 months, one developed acute myocardial infarction 43 months after surgery. No cases suffered from carotid artery restenosis. The 5-year overall survival rate was 91%.Conclusions:Simultaneous CEA and CABG treatment for patients with concomitant carotid and coronary artery disease is safe with few perioperative cardiovascular events and no deaths.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883942

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of event-related potentials(ERPs)P300 in the development of attention cognitive function of school-age children.Methods:A total of 180 school-age children were divided into 3 groups according to their ages (7-8 years old group with 48 cases, 9-10 years old group with 44 cases and 11-12 years old group with 48 cases). All of the participants completed an Oddball task, and their behavioral data, P3a and P3b components of ERPs were analyzed by SPSS 21.0.Results:(1)The differences of hit numbers(49(47.25, 50), 50(49, 50), 50(50, 50) ), correct reaction time((533.37±56.94) ms, (486.91±61.12) ms, (411.55±51.97) ms), and Omission errors (2(1, 4), 2(1, 3), 1(0, 2) ) among the three groups were statistically significant( F/χ 2=20.635, 54.477, 13.169, all P<0.01). (2)There was a main effect of age( F=3.884, P=0.023) and an interaction effect between age and condition( F=3.314, P=0.038) on the amplitude of P3a, while the main effect of condition was not significant( F=0.111, P=0.740). The amplitude of P3a component in 11-12 years old group ((11.02±6.00)μV) was significantly larger than that of 7-8 years old group ((7.36±4.48)μV) and 9-10 years old group ((7.76±5.17)μV, both P<0.05). However, there was no significant interaction effect between age and condition on P3a latency, P3b amplitude and latency ( P>0.05). Conclusion:P3a may be a sensitive indicator of cognitive function in school-age children, and the age of 11-12 years old is a sensitive period for the development of children's attention orientation and selection ability, which may be related to the development of brain network.

7.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 276-280, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883873

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analysis the risk factors and safety of administration of norepinephrine (NE) via peripheral vein line (PVL) in patients with septic shock.Methods:A single-center retrospective study was conducted. According to the Lanzhou University Second Hospital information system (HIS) and nursing adverse events report cards, patients with septic shock administrated with NE via PVL to correct the hypotension from January 1st 2015 to December 31st, 2019 were enrolled. The patients' general information, placement location of peripheral venous catheter and venousneedle type, characteristics of NE usage and patient general condition when extravasation occurred were collected. The univariate analysis and Logistic regression were used to analyze risk factors associated with extravasation. Also, the receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was drawn, and the predictive value of risk factors for extravasation was analyzed.Results:A total of 1 022 cases with NE were enrolled. After a preliminary screening, a total of 910 cases with NE were used to correct low blood pressure, including 116 cases of peripheral venous infusion. The average age was (52.91±18.69) years old, with majority of female (77 cases, 66.4%). Basic diseases were mainly chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD, 100 cases, 86.2%), followed by hypertension(91 cases, 78.4%), coronary heart disease (87 cases, 75.0%), type 2 diabetes (74 cases, 63.8%) respectively, the primary disease was septic shock in 109 cases (94.0%). A total of 147 peripheral venous catheters were inserted, and the most common site of puncture was the forearm [78.9% (116/147)], followed by the hand [12.2% (18/147)] and the median cubital vein [8.8% (13/147)]. 89.9% of the needles were 20 G in diameter, and 75 cases (64.7%) were converted to central venous catheters (CVC) during subsequent treatment due to continuous infusion of NE. Six patients (5.2%) had extravasation, the median time of extravasation was 29 (23-39) hours, and the median time of NE was 23 (11-53) hours, including 2 patients with an infusion concentration of 60 mg/L and 4 patients with an infusion concentration of 120 mg/L.The infusion speed was 0.5-1.0 μg·kg -1·min -1, and the average speed of infusion was (0.75±0.04) μg·kg -1·min -1 when extravasation. Univariate and binary Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk factors related to the occurrence of extravasation included: ① patient factors: the presence of basic diseases, hypertension [odds ratio ( OR) = 3.11, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was 3.09-3.12, P = 0.001] and edema ( OR = 1.79, 95% CI was 1.32-2.99, P = 0.032). ② Factors of infusion fluid itself: long-term (> 24 hours) infusion ( OR = 2.91, 95% CI was 1.04-5.96, P = 0.040), infusion concentration > 60 mg/L ( OR = 1.88, 95% CI was 1.32-3.99, P = 0.024), infusion speed > 0.3 μg·kg -1·min -1 ( OR = 2.43, 95% CI was 2.38-2.51, P = 0.029) and diameter of needles < 20 G ( OR = 3.11, 95% CI was 3.09-3.22, P = 0.033).③ Medical personnel factors: lack of observation and assessment ( OR = 1.09, 95% CI was 1.03-6.77, P = 0.043). The ROC curve analysis showed that: edema, long-term infusion (> 24 hours), infusion rate > 0.3 μg·kg -1·min -1and diameter of needles < 20 G had a certain predictive value for extravasation of NE through peripheral venous infusion in patients with septic shock, the area under ROC curve (AUC) was 0.610, 0.762, 0.672, 0.629, 95% CI was 0.508-0.713, 0.675-0.849, 0.571-0.772, 0.525-0.732, and P values were 0.044, 0.000, 0.002, 0.019, respectively. Conclusions:Hypertension, edema, long-term infusion (> 24 hours), infusion concentration > 60 mg/L, infusion speed > 0.3 μg·kg -1·min -1, diameter of needle < 20 G, and lack of observation and evaluation by medical staff regularly were risk factors affecting the safety of peripheral intravenous NE in patients with septic shock. Peripheral NE should be avoided in the presence of the above risk factors.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883431

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic value of rifampin resistance real-time fluorescent quantitative nucleic acid amplification technology (GeneXpert) combined with T cell spot test of tuberculosis infection (T-SPOT.TB) in tuberculous meningitis (TBM).Methods:The clinical data of 70 TBM patients (TBM group) and 30 non-TBM patients (non-TBM group) in Shenyang Chest Hospital from March 2017 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were detected by GeneXpert and T-SPOT.TB. The results of MGIT960 liquid culture of cerebrospinal fluid were used as the gold standard to evaluate the diagnosis of TBM by GeneXpert and T-SPOT.TB.Results:The positive rates of GeneXpert and T-SPOT.TB in parallel and in series in TBM group were significantly higher than those in non-TBM group: 27.14% (19/70) vs. 0, 72.86% (51/70) vs. 46.67% (14/30), 78.57% (55/70) vs. 46.67% (14/30) and 21.43% (15/70) vs. 0, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01 or <0.05). The sensitivity and accuracy of two methods in parallel in TBM diagnosis were 78.57% and 71.00% respectively. The specificity and misdiagnosis rate of two methods in series in TBM diagnosis were 100.00% and 0 respectively. Conclusions:The sensitivity of GeneXpert and T-SPOT.TB in parallel is the highest in TBM diagnosis. The specificity of the two methods in series and GeneXpert alone is as high as 100.00%. The two methods can reduce the misdiagnosis rate of TBM in series and reduce the rate of missed diagnosis in parallel.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883231

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influencing factors for synchronous colorectal liver metastasis (synCRLM).Methods:The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 3 172 patients with primary colorectal cancer (CRC) who were admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from January 2010 to January 2016 were collected. There were 1 946 males and 1 226 females, aged (63±12)years, with a range from 21 to 97 years. Observation indicators: (1) general data analysis; (2) clinicopathological data analysis; (3) analysis of influencing factors for synCRLM. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD. Count data were represented as absolute numbers. The influencing factors for synCRLM were analyzed after excluding missing data of tumor differentiation degree, tumor diameter, pathological T stage and N stage. Univariate analysis was conducted by chi-square test or Logistic regression model. Multivariate analysis was conducted by Logistic regression model. Results:(1) General data analysis: among the 3 172 patients, cases with age ≤29 years, from 30 to 39 years, from 40 to 49 years, from 50 to 59 years, from 60 to 69 years, from 70 to 79 years, and ≥80 years were 15, 82, 342, 774, 965, 759 and 235, respectively. There were 2 972 patients in Qingdao, 172 cases in Yantai and 28 cases in Weihai. Of the 2 972 patients in Qingdao, there were 422 cases in Shinan District, 658 cases in Shibei District, 457 cases in Huangdao District, 144 cases in Laoshan District, 188 cases in Licang District, 205 cases in Chengyang District, 252 cases in Jimo District, 221 cases in Jiaozhou City, 255 cases in Pingdu City, 170 cases in Laixi City. (2) Clinico-pathological data analysis: among the 3 172 patients, there were 1 639 cases of colon cancer including 972 cases with left colon cancer and 667 cases with right colon cancer, 1 533 cases of rectal cancer. There were 2 981 cases of adenocarcinoma, 165 cases of mucinous adenocarcinoma, 10 cases of signet ring cell carcinoma and 16 cases of other types including carcinoid tumor, squamous carcinoma, tubular adenocarcinoma, etc.There were 162 cases with highly differentiated adenocarcinoma, 5 cases with highly-moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma, 2 338 cases with moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma, 80 cases with moderately-poorly differentiated adeno-carcinoma, 396 cases with poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and 191 cases missing tumor differentiation data. There were 708 cases with tumor diameter <4 cm, 1 957 cases with tumor diameter ≥4 cm and 507 cases missing tumor diameter data. There were 486 cases in T1 or T2 stage of pathological T stage, 2 169 cases in T3 or T4 stage of pathological T stage and 517 cases missing tumor pathological T staging data. There were 1 563 cases in N0 stage of pathological N staging, 1 062 cases in N1 or N2 stage of pathological N staging and 547 cases missing tumor pathological N staging data. There were 2 895 cases without synCRLM and 277 cases with synCRLM. There were 2 799 cases without diabetes and 373 cases with diabetes. There were 2 931 cases without fatty liver and 241 cases with fatty liver. There were 2 989 cases negative for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and 183 cases positive for HBsAg. (3) Analysis of influencing factors for synCRLM. Results of univariate analysis showed that gender, tumor location, tumor differentiation degree, tumor diameter, pathological T stage, fatty liver, HBsAg were related factors for synCRLM in primary colorectal cancer ( χ2=7.400, 7.577, 7.111, 4.513, 12.125, 5.686, 5.919, P<0.05), and neutrophils counts, lymphocytes counts, platelet counts, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotrans-ferase (AST), total bilirubin, γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT), triacylglycerol (TG), total cholesterol (TC), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), and CA19-9 were related factors for synCRLM in primary colorectal cancer ( odds ratio=1.101, 0.807, 1.002, 1.017, 1.023, 1.027, 1.012, 0.686, 1.169, 1.007, 1.004, 95% confidence interval as 1.048-1.156, 0.678-0.960, 1.001-1.004, 1.011-1.024, 1.016-1.031, 1.011-1.044, 1.009-1.015, 0.541-0.869, 1.047-1.306, 1.006-1.008, 1.003-1.004, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that cases as male, case with positive HBsAg, AST, GGT, TC, CEA and CA19-9 were independent risk factors for synCRLM in primary colorectal cancer ( odds ratio=1.503, 2.492, 1.018, 1.007, 1.301, 1.005, 1.003, 95% confidence interval as 1.038-2.178, 1.443-4.304, 1.003-1.034, 1.003-1.011, 1.112-1.522, 1.003-1.006, 1.002-1.003, P<0.05), and lymphocytes, ALT and TG were independent protective factors for synCRLM in primary colorectal cancer ( odds ratio=0.777, 0.983, 0.602, 95% confidence interval as 0.608-0.993, 0.966-0.999, 0.421-0.862, P<0.05). Conclusion:Cases as male, case with posotive HBsAg, AST, GGT, TC, CEA and CA19-9 are independent risk factors for synCRLM in primary colorectal cancer, while lymphocytes, ALT and TG are independent protective factors for synCRLM in primary colorectal cancer.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882509

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expressions of miR-20a-5p and lysine (K) demethylase 6B (KDM6B) in osteosarcoma tissues and the effects of miR-20a-5p targeting KDM6B on the proliferation, migration and invasion of osteosarcoma cells and tumor growth.Methods:The clinicopathological and paracancerous tissues of 20 patients with osteosarcoma admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Chinese Medical University from January 2017 to March 2019 were collected. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression levels of miR-20a-5p and KDM6B mRNA in tissues. The osteosarcoma MG63 cells were divided into control group, mimic NC group, miR-20a-5p mimic group, and NC+ empty vector group, miR-20a-5p+ empty vector group, miR-20a-5p+ KDM6B group. The expression levels of miR-20a-5p and KDM6B mRNA of all groups were detected by qRT-PCR. Western blotting was used to detect the expression level of KDM6B. CCK-8 assay, cell scratch test and Transwell test were used to detect cell proliferation, migration and invasion ability. According to the random number table method, nude mice were divided into NC+ empty vector group, miR-20a-5p+ empty vector group and miR-20a-5p+ KDM6B group, with 5 mice in each group. Tumor growth ability was detected by tumor xenograft nude mouse models.Results:The relative expression level of miR-20a-5p mRNA in osteosarcoma tissues was 0.55±0.27, and that in paracancerous tissues was 1.22±0.28, with a statistically significant difference ( t=7.701, P<0.001). The relative expression level of KDM6B mRNA in osteosarcoma tissues was 1.66±0.19, and that in paracancerous tissues was 1.00±0.15, with a statistically significant difference ( t=12.219, P<0.001). After transfection of miR-20a-5p, KDM6B mRNA and protein expression levels decreased with the increase of miR-20a-5p expression level. After miR-20a-5p transfection for 48 h, the cell proliferation abilities of the blank control group, mimic NC group and miR-20a-5p mimic group were 0.83±0.04, 0.81±0.03 and 0.52±0.01 ( F=89.655, P<0.001), compared with the blank control group and mimic NC group, the cell proliferation ability was significantly inhibited in the miR-20a-5p mimic group (both P<0.001). The cell proliferation abilities of NC+ empty vector group, miR-20a-5p+ empty vector group and miR-20a-5p+ KDM6B group were 0.83±0.05, 0.52±0.01 and 0.67±0.05 ( F=43.919, P<0.001), compared with the NC+ empty vector group, the cell proliferation ability was significantly inhibited in the miR-20a-5p+ empty vector group ( P<0.001); compared with the miR-20a-5p+ empty vector group, the cell proliferation ability of miR-20a-5p+ KDM6B group increased significantly ( P<0.001). The scratch healing rates of the blank control group, mimic NC group and miR-20a-5p mimic group were (32.51±2.73)%, (30.26±3.22)% and (13.52±1.77)% ( F=46.314, P<0.001), compared with the control group and the mimic NC group, the scratch healing rate of the miR-20a-5p mimic group was significantly decreased (both P<0.001). The scratch healing rates of NC+ empty vector group, miR-20a-5p+ empty vector group and miR-20a-5p+ KDM6B group were (31.34±3.11)%, (12.15±1.64)% and (28.93±2.89)% ( F=47.511, P<0.001), compared with the NC+ empty vector group, the scratch healing rate of the miR-20a-5p+ empty vector group was significantly decreased ( P<0.001); compared with the miR-20a-5p+ empty vector group, the scratch healing rate of miR-20a-5p+ KDM6B group was significantly increased ( P=0.001). The numbers of transmembrane cells in the blank control group, mimic NC group and miR-20a-5p mimic group were 114±16, 108±11 and 42±6 ( F=36.282, P<0.001), compared with the control group and mimic NC group, the number of transmembrane cells of the miR-20a-5p mimic group was significantly decreased (both P<0.001). The numbers of transmembrane cells in the NC+ empty vector group, miR-20a-5p+ empty vector group and miR-20a-5p+ KDM6B group was 143±11, 39±4 and 139±12 ( F=112.120, P<0.001), compared with the NC+ empty vector group, the number of transmembrane cells of the miR-20a-5p+ empty vector group was significantly decreased ( P<0.001); compared with the miR-20a-5p+ empty vector group, the number of transmembrane cells of the miR-20a-5p+ KDM6B group was increased significantly ( P<0.001). The tumor volumes of mice for 21 d in the NC+ empty vector group, miR-20a-5p+ empty vector group and miR-20a-5p+ KDM6B group were (1 667.50±250.40) mm 3, (129.20±21.00) mm 3 and (775.41±77.51) mm 3 respectively, with a statistically significant difference ( F=77.651, P<0.001). The tumor weights of the 3 groups were (1.35±0.18) g, (0.12±0.01) g and (0.61±0.03) g respectively, with a statistically significant difference ( F=104.191, P<0.001). Conclusion:The expression of miR-20a-5p is significantly decreased in osteosarcoma tissues, and the expression of KDM6B is significantly increased in osteosarcoma tissues. Overexpression of miR-20a-5p may inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasion of osteosarcoma cells and tumor growth by targeting to reduce the expression of KDM6B.

11.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1390-1393, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882099

ABSTRACT

@#Diabetic retinopathy(DR)is one of the common diseases that can lead to blindness, and its complicated pathogenesis has not been elucidated completely at present. Many studies have emerged that chronic inflammation plays a prominent role in the pathogenesis of DR. That many “hot spots”of inflammatory molecules, such as IL-6, IL-1β, TNF-α, and MCP-1,are involved in the part of essential mechanism of disease through complex and intertwined inflammatory pathways in the recently research. Above inflammatory factors and angiogenic factors will promote each other, especially when pathological neovascularization occur, which is greatly increasing in severity of the disease. The article made a general debate about the effect of inflammation in DR, and the relationship between inflammation and neovascularization.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881476

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the level of anti-measles antibody in healthy population aged 1-14 years old in Shanghai, and project the risk of measles incidence in adult population in the future, which may provide evidence for enhancing the measles immunization strategy. Methods:A cross-sectional study was conducted to collect the serum of healthy people aged 1-14 years old in an urban district hospital in Shanghai. Serum concentration of anti-measles IgG antibody was examined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and dynamics of IgG antibody was compared. Results:The prevalence of anti-measles antibody in healthy people aged 1-14 years old was determined to be 95.29%, and the antibody protection rate was 61.86%. There was no significant difference in the distribution of antibody between men and women (P>0.05). However, there was statistical difference in the distribution of antibody among different age groups (P<0.05), in which the antibody showed a decreasing trend with age, especially after the age of 10 years. The lowest prevalence of anti-measles antibody and protection rate were observed in the population aged 13-14 years old, which were 87.41% and 22.96%, respectively. The GMT was 2.667 1 (equal to the concentration of anti-measles IgG antibody being 464.62 mIU/mL). According to the fitting model Ŷ =3.217-0.04X(R2=0.943,P<0.05), the antibody protection rate was projected to decrease to zero in the population aged 19-20 years old, whereas the anti-measles antibody was to zero in the population aged 29-30 years old . Conclusion:As there is almost no natural infection of measles,the anti-measles antibody after measles vaccine immunization showed a linearly decreasing trend with age after measles immunization.It is recommended that people aged 10-15 years should be administered intensive immunization for prevention of adults measles,which could be incorporated into current measles immunization strategies.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881233

ABSTRACT

@#Since the advent of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), it has been one of the main ways to treat coronary heart disease. However, compared with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), it causes more trauma, complications and pain which discourage many patients. Recently, minimally invasive CABG has gradually become one of the main choices in some medical centers with the progress of technology and the development of surgical instruments. Compared with traditional CABG, minimally invasive CABG has the advantages of less trauma, less pain, faster recovery, lower perioperative mortality and less demand for blood transfusion. In this paper, we will mainly focus on the current stage and prospect of minimally invasive CABG.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1300-1314, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881200

ABSTRACT

HMG-CoA reductase (HMGCR) protein is usually upregulated after statin (HMGCR inhibitor) treatment, which inevitably diminishes its therapeutic efficacy, provoking the need for higher doses associated with adverse effects. The proteolysis targeting chimera (PROTAC) technology has recently emerged as a powerful approach for inducing protein degradation. Nonetheless, due to their bifunctional nature, developing orally bioavailable PROTACs remains a great challenge. Herein, we identified a powerful HMGCR-targeted PROTAC (

15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1069-1082, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881185

ABSTRACT

The intracellular retention of nanotherapeutics is essential for their therapeutic activity. The immobilization of nanotherapeutics inside target cell types can regulate various cell behaviors. However, strategies for the intracellular immobilization of nanoparticles are limited. Herein, a cisplatin prodrug was synthesized and utilized as a glutathione (GSH)-activated linker to induce aggregation of the cisplatin prodrug/IR820/docetaxel nanoassembly. The nanoassembly has been reprogrammed with peptide-containing moieties for tumor-targeting and PD-1/PD-L1 blockade. The aggregation of the nanoassemblies is dependent on GSH concentration. Evaluations

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881063

ABSTRACT

Paris saponin VII (PSVII), a bioactive constituent extracted from Trillium tschonoskii Maxim., is cytotoxic to several cancer types. This study was designed to explore whether PSVII prevents non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) proliferation and to investigate its molecular target. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) has been implicated in the activation of autophagy in distinct tissues. In cultured human NSCLC cell lines, PSVII induces autophagy by activating AMPK and inhibiting mTOR signaling. Furthermore, PSVII-induced autophagy activation was reversed by the AMPK inhibitor compound C. Computational docking analysis showed that PSVII directly interacted with the allosteric drug and metabolite site of AMPK to stabilize its activation. Microscale thermophoresis assay and drug affinity responsive target stability assay further confirmed the high affinity between PSVII and AMPK. In summary, PSVII acts as a direct AMPK activator to induce cell autophagy, which inhibits the growth of NSCLC cells. In the future, PSVII therapy should be applied to treat patients with NSCLC.

17.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 111-119, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881016

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Shenyankangfu Tablet (SYKFT) is a Chinese patent medicine that has been used widely to decrease proteinuria and the progression of chronic kidney disease.@*OBJECTIVE@#This trial compared the efficacy and safety of SYKFT, for the control of proteinuria in primary glomerulonephritis patients, against the standard drug, losartan potassium.@*DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTION@#This was a multicenter, double-blind, randomized, controlled clinical trial. Primary glomerulonephritis patients, aged 18-70 years, with blood pressure ≤ 140/90 mmHg, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥ 45 mL/min per 1.73 m@*MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES@#The primary outcome was change in the 24-hour proteinuria level, after 48 weeks of treatment.@*RESULTS@#A total of 735 participants were enrolled. The percent decline of urine protein quantification in the SYKFT group after 48 weeks was 8.78% ± 2.56% (P = 0.006) more than that in the losartan 50 mg group, which was 0.51% ± 2.54% (P = 1.000) less than that in the losartan 100 mg group. Compared with the losartan potassium 50 mg group, the SYKFT plus losartan potassium 50 mg group had a 13.39% ± 2.49% (P < 0.001) greater reduction in urine protein level. Compared with the losartan potassium 100 mg group, the SYKFT plus losartan potassium 100 mg group had a 9.77% ± 2.52% (P = 0.001) greater reduction in urine protein. With a superiority threshold of 15%, neither was statistically significant. eGFR, serum creatinine and serum albumin from the baseline did not change statistically significant. The average change in TCM syndrome score between the patients who took SYKFT (-3.00 [-6.00, -2.00]) and who did not take SYKFT (-2.00 [-5.00, 0]) was statistically significant (P = 0.003). No obvious adverse reactions were observed in any group.@*CONCLUSION@#SYKFT decreased the proteinuria and improved the TCM syndrome scores of primary glomerulonephritis patients, with no change in the rate of decrease in the eGFR. SYKFT plus losartan potassium therapy decreased proteinuria more than losartan potassium therapy alone.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER@#NCT02063100 on ClinicalTrials.gov.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880733

ABSTRACT

Epidemiological evidence suggests that patients with hypertension infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) are at increased risk of acute lung injury. However, it is still not clear whether this increased risk is related to the usage of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockers. We collected medical records of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients from the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine (Hangzhou, China), and evaluated the potential impact of an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) on the clinical outcomes of COVID-19 patients with hypertension. A total of 30 hypertensive COVID-19 patients were enrolled, of which 17 were classified as non-ARB group and the remaining 13 as ARB group based on the antihypertensive therapies they received. Compared with the non-ARB group, patients in the ARB group had a lower proportion of severe cases and intensive care unit (ICU) admission as well as shortened length of hospital stay, and manifested favorable results in most of the laboratory testing. Viral loads in the ARB group were lower than those in the non-ARB group throughout the disease course. No significant difference in the time of seroconversion or antibody levels was observed between the two groups. The median levels of soluble angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (sACE2) in serum and urine samples were similar in both groups, and there were no significant correlations between serum sACE2 and biomarkers of disease severity. Transcriptional analysis showed 125 differentially expressed genes which mainly were enriched in oxygen transport, bicarbonate transport, and blood coagulation. Our results suggest that ARB usage is not associated with aggravation of COVID-19. These findings support the maintenance of ARB treatment in hypertensive patients diagnosed with COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists/therapeutic use , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2/blood , Antibodies, Viral/blood , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , Biomarkers , COVID-19/complications , China , Female , Humans , Hypertension/drug therapy , Intensive Care Units , Length of Stay , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Transcriptome , Viral Load
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880670

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To compare the left ventricular systolic function between the 1eft bundle branch pacing (LBBP) and right ventricular septum pacing (RVSP) in patients with pacemaker dependence by three-dimensional speckle tracking imaging (3D-STI).@*METHODS@#A total of 65 patients with atrioventricular block (AVB) (Mobitz type II second-degree AVB, high-degree AVB, or third-degree AVB), who underwent permanent cardiac pacing implantation including 32 patients receiving LBBP (LBBP group) and 33 patients receiving RVSP (RVSP group) from June 2018 to June 2019,were enrolled in this study. These patients met the following inclusion criterion: pre-operative left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)>50% and ventricular pacing rate>40% at 6-month programming follow-up; and the patients underwent echocardiography at pre-operation and 6 months after operation. The 3D-STI was used to obtain global longitudinal strain (GLS), global circumferential strain (GCS), global radial strain (GRS), and global area strain (GAS).@*RESULTS@#All the patients in the LBBP group and the RVSP group had normal LVEF, there was no significant difference between the 2 group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#For patients with pacemaker dependence and normal LVEF at pre-operation, the cardiac function in the LBBP group is not significantly better than that in the RVSP group in short term follow-up. But in terms of physiologic pacing and long-term cardiac function protection, the 1eft bundle branch pacing is an optimal pacing mode.


Subject(s)
Bundle of His , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial , Humans , Pacemaker, Artificial , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left , Ventricular Septum/diagnostic imaging
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880543

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the action mechanisms of electroacupuncture (EA) on postoperative immunosuppression.@*METHODS@#Male C57BL/6 mice (5`-7 weeks old) were randomly divided into: the sham injury group, the surgical trauma stressed group, the EA group [surgery + 2/100 Hz EA at Neiguan (PC 6)], and the EA+ Nal (surgery + EA + intraperitoneal injection of naloxone). Abdominal surgical trauma stress mice model was established. EA was performed on bilateral PC 6 acupoints by an EA apparatus (2/100 Hz) for 20 min once a day for 3 days. The mRNA expressions of MOR, DOR, and KOR in thymus and L3`-L5 dorsal root ganglions (DRG) were determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and the protein expressions of MOR, DOR, and KOR in thymus were measured by Western blot. Flow cytometry assay was used to detect the levels of T lymphocyte subtypes in the peripheral blood.@*RESULTS@#Surgical trauma induced decreased the mRNA expression level of MOR in both thymus (P0.05). Furthermore, T lymphocyte population of CD3@*CONCLUSION@#EA may improve postoperative immunosuppression through the peripheral opioid system.

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