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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936346

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To develop and validate a risk prediction model of treatment failure in patients with peritoneal dialysis-associated peritonitis (PDAP).@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the data of patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD) in 3 dialysis centers in Jilin Province who developed PDAP between January 1, 2013 and December 31, 2019. The data collected from the Second Hospital of Jilin University and Second Division of First Hospital of Jilin University) were used as the training dataset and those from Jilin Central Hospital as the validation dataset. We developed a nomogram for predicting treatment failure using a logistic regression model with backward elimination. The performance of the nomogram was assessed by analyzing the C-statistic and the calibration plots. We also plotted decision curves to evaluate the clinical efficacy of the nomogram.@*RESULTS@#A total of 977 episodes of PDAP were included in the analysis (625 episodes in the training dataset and 352 episodes in the validation dataset). During follow-up, 78 treatment failures occurred in the training dataset and 35 in the validation dataset. A multivariable logistic regression prediction model was established, and the predictors in the final nomogram model included serum albumin, peritoneal dialysate white cell count on day 5, PD duration, and type of causative organisms. The nomogram showed a good performance in predicting treatment failure, with a C-statistic of 0.827 (95% CI: 0.784-0.871) in the training dataset and of 0.825 (95% CI: 0.743-0.908) in the validation dataset. The nomogram also performed well in calibration in both the training and validation datasets.@*CONCLUSION@#The established nomogram has a good accuracy in estimating the risk of treatment failure in PDAP patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Peritoneal Dialysis/adverse effects , Peritonitis/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Failure , Treatment Outcome
2.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 45-56, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935967

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effects of porcine acellular dermal matrix (ADM) combined with human epidermal stem cells (ESCs) on wound healing of full-thickness skin defect in nude mice. Methods: The morphology of porcine ADM was analyzed by photograph of digital camera, the cell residues in porcine ADM were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, the surface structure of porcine ADM was observed by scanning electron microscope, the secondary structure of porcine ADM was analyzed by infrared spectrometer, the porcine ADM particle size was analyzed by dynamic light scattering particle size analyzer, and the porcine ADM potential was analyzed by nano-particle size potentiometer. The morphology of porcine ADM was observed by inverted fluorescence microscope when it was placed in culture medium for 30 min, 1 d, and 5 d (n=2). The porcine ADM was divided into 5 min group, 10 min group, 20 min group, 30 min group, 60 min group, and 120 min group according to the random number table (the same grouping method below) in static state at normal temperature for the corresponding time to calculate the water absorption by weighing method (n=3). Swiss white mouse embryonic fibroblasts (Fbs) were divided into blank control group (culture medium only), and 50.0 g/L ADM extract group, 37.5 g/L ADM extract group, 25.0 g/L ADM extract group, 12.5 g/L ADM extract group, and 6.5 g/L ADM extract group which were added with the corresponding final concentrations of ADM extract respectively. At post culture hour (PCH) 24, 48, and 72, the cell survival rate was detected by cell counting kit 8 and the cytotoxicity was graded (n=5). The erythrocytes of a 6-week-old male Sprague-Dawley male rat were divided into normal saline group, ultra-pure water group, and 5 mg/mL ADM extract group, 10 mg/mL ADM extract group, and 15 mg/mL ADM extract group which were treated with the corresponding final concentrations of porcine ADM extract respectively. After reaction for 3 h, the absorbance value of hemoglobin was detected by microplate reader to represent the blood compatibility of porcine ADM (n=3). ESCs were isolated and cultured from the discarded prepuce of a 6-year-old healthy boy who was treated in the Department of Urology of the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University (the Third Military Medical University) in July 2020, and then identified by flow cytometry. The porcine ADM particles of composite ESC (hereinafter referred to as ESC/ADM) were constructed by mixed culture. After 3 days of culture, the composite effect of ESC/ADM was observed by HE staining and laser scanning confocal microscope. Thirty-six 7-8-week-old male non-thymic nude mice were divided into phosphate buffer solution (PBS) alone group, ADM alone group, ESC alone group, and ESC/ADM group, with 9 mice in each group, and the wound model of full-thickness skin defect was established. Immediately after injury, the wounds were treated with the corresponding reagents at one time. On post injury day (PID) 1, 7, 11, and 15, the wound healing was observed and the wound healing rate was counted (n=3). On PID 7, the epithelialization of wounds was observed by HE staining and the length of un-epithelialized wound was measured (with this and the following sample numbers of 4). On PID 11, the dermal area and collagen deposition of wounds were observed by Masson staining and the dermal area of wound section was calculated, the number of cells expressing CD49f, a specific marker of ESC, was calculated with immunofluorescence staining, the mRNA expression of glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) in ESC after wound transplantation was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Data were statistically analyzed with independent sample t test, one-way analysis of variance, analysis of variance for repeated measurement, and least significant difference t test. Results: The porcine ADM was white particles and composed of reticular structure, with no cells inside, disordered structure, and rough surface. The absorption peak of porcine ADM appeared at the wave numbers of 1 659, 1 549, and 1 239 cm-1, respectively. The main particle size distribution of porcine ADM in solution was 500 to 700 nm, with negative charge on the surface. The morphology of porcine ADM in static state at 30 min and on 1 and 5 d was relatively stable. The water absorption of porcine ADM remained relatively high level in static state from 30 min to 120 min. The cytotoxicity of mouse embryonic Fbs in 6.5 g/L ADM extract group, 12.5 g/L ADM extract group, and 25.0 g/L ADM extract group was grade 1 at PCH 24, and the cytotoxicity of the other groups was 0 grade at each time point. After reaction for 3 h, the absorbance value of hemoglobin of erythrocytes in ultra-pure water group was significantly higher than the values in normal saline group and 15 mg/mL ADM extract group (with t values of 8.14 and 7.96, respectively, P<0.01). After 3 days of culture, the cells of the fourth passage showed pebble-like morphology, with low expression of CD71 and high expression of CD49f, which were identified as ESCs. There was ESC attachment and growth on porcine ADM particles. On PID 1, the wound sizes of nude mice were almost the same in PBS alone group, ADM alone group, ESC alone group, and ESC/ADM group. On PID 7, 11, and 15, the wound contraction of nude mice in each group was observed, especially in ADM alone group, ESC alone group, and ESC/ADM group. On PID 7, the wound healing rates of nude mice in ESC alone group and ESC/ADM group were significantly higher than the rate in PBS alone group (with t values of 2.83 and 4.72 respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01). On PID 11, the wound healing rate of nude mice in ESC/ADM group was significantly higher than that in PBS alone group (t=4.86, P<0.01). On PID 15, the wound healing rates of nude mice in ADM alone group, ESC alone group, and ESC/ADM group were significantly higher than the rate in PBS alone group (with t values of 2.71, 2.90, and 3.23 respectively, P<0.05). On PID 7, the length of un-epithelialized wound of nude mice in ADM alone group, ESC alone group, and ESC/ADM group was (816±85), (635±66), and (163±32) μm, respectively, which were significantly shorter than (1 199±43) μm in PBS alone group (with t values of 5.69, 10.19, and 27.54 respectively, P<0.01). On PID 11, the dermal areas of wound section of nude mice in ADM alone group, ESC alone group, and ESC/ADM group were significantly larger than the area in PBS alone group (with t values of 27.14, 5.29, and 15.90 respectively, P<0.01); the collagen production of nude mice in ADM alone group and ESC/ADM group was more obvious than that in PBS alone group, and the collagen production of nude mice in ESC alone group and PBS alone group was similar. On PID 11, in the wounds of nude mice in ESC alone group and ESC/ADM group, the cells with positive expression of CD49f were respectively 135±7 and 185±15, and the mRNA expressions of GAPDH were positive; while there were no expressions of CD49f nor mRNA of GAPDH in the wounds of nude mice in PBS alone group and ADM alone group. Conclusions: ESC/ADM particles can promote the wound healing of full-thickness skin defects in nude mice, which may be related to the improved survival rate of ESCs after transplantation and the promotion of dermal structure rearrangement and angiogenesis by ADM.


Subject(s)
Acellular Dermis , Animals , Fibroblasts , Humans , Male , Mice , Mice, Nude , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Stem Cells , Swine , Wound Healing
3.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 39-45, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935577

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the clinical effect of minimally invasive duodenum preserving pancreatic head resection(DPPHR) for benign and pre-malignant lesions of pancreatic head. Methods: The clinical data of patients with diagnosis of benign or pre-malignant pancreatic head tumor were retrospectively collected and analyzed,all of them underwent laparoscopic or robotic DPPHR between October 2015 and September 2021 at Division of Gastrointestinal and Pancreatic surgery,Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital. Thirty-three patients were enrolled with 10 males and 23 females. The age(M(IQR)) was 54(32) years old(range: 11 to 77 years old) and the body mass index was 21.9(2.9)kg/m2(range: 18.1 to 30.1 kg/m2). The presenting symptoms included abdominal pain(n=12), Whipple triad(n=2), and asymptomatic(n=19). There were 7 patients with hypertension and 1 patient with diabetes mellitus. There were 19 patients who were diagnosed as American Society of Anesthesiologists class Ⅰ and 14 patients who were diagnosed as class Ⅱ. The student t test,U test, χ2 test or Fisher exact test was used to compare continuous data or categorized data,respectively. All the perioperative data and metabolic morbidity were analyzed and experiences on minimally invasive DPPHR were concluded. Results: Fourteen patients underwent laparoscopic DPPHR,while the rest of 19 patients received robotic DPPHR. Indocyanine green fluorescence imaging was used in 19 patients to guide operation. Five patients were performed pancreatico-gastrostomy and the rest 28 patients underwent pancreaticojejunostomy. Pathological outcomes confirmed 9 solid pseudo-papillary neoplasms, 9 intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms, 7 serous cystic neoplasms, 6 pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors, 1 mucous cystic neoplasm, 1 chronic pancreatitis. The operative time was (309.4±50.3) minutes(range:180 to 420 minutes),and the blood loss was (97.9±48.3)ml(range:20 to 200 ml). Eighteen patients suffered from postoperative complications,including 3 patients experienced severe complications(Clavien-Dindo Grade ≥Ⅲ). Pancreatic fistula occurred in 16 patients,including 8 patients with biochemical leak,7 patients with grade B pancreatic fistula and 1 patient with grade C pancreatic fistula. No one suffered from the duodenal necrosis and none perioperative death was occurred. The length of hospital stay was 14(7) days (range:6 to 87 days). The follow-up was 22.6(24.5)months(range:2 to 74 months). None suffered from recurrence or metastasis. During the follow-up,all the patients were free of refractory cholangitis. Moreover,in the term of endocrine dysfunction,no postoperative new onset of diabetes mellitus were observed in the long-term follow-up. However,in the view of exocrine insufficiency,pancreatic exocrine insufficiency and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) was complicated in 2 and 1 patient,respectively,with the supplement of pancreatic enzyme,steatorrhea and weight loss relieved,but NAFLD was awaited to be seen. Conclusions: Minimally invasive DPPHR is feasible and safe for benign or pre-malignant lesions of pancreatic head. Moreover,it is oncological equivalent to pancreaticoduodenectomy with preservation of metabolic function without refractory cholangitis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Duodenum/surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pancreas/surgery , Pancreatectomy , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 313-316, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933223

ABSTRACT

This article reviewed the recent advances in the research of noninvasive diagnostic methods for bladder outlet obstruction. Penile cuff test, detrusor wall thickness, ultrasound-estimated bladder weight and near-spectroscopy showed a promising diagnostic results. However, more rigorous and higher level clinical trials with larger sample size are needed to validate the diagnostic value of these tests.

5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 452-457, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932265

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of 6S and PDCA cycle lean management in nursing management of orthopaedic trauma surgery.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 80 patients with orthopedic trauma admitted to University-Town Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from January 2020 to November 2021, including 51 males and 29 females; aged 23-68 years [(44.5±9.2)years]. According to the order of operation date, 40 patients from January 2021 to November 2021 received routine management plus 6S and PDCA cycle lean management (lean management group), and 40 patients from January 2020 to December 2020 received routine surgical nursing management (routine management group). The nursing quality score in operating room (instrument and equipment management, surgical instrument preparation, surgical coordination, disinfection and isolation), qualified rate of infection monitoring in operating room (air in operating room, hand hygiene of medical staffs and sterile articles in operating room), surgeons′ satisfaction with operating nurses (circulating nurses and scrub nurses), self- rating anxiety scale (SAS) of patients before operation, incidence of complications at postoperative 12 days and patients′ satisfaction with nurses in operating room at postoperative 2-3 days.Results:The four dimensions of the nursing quality score in operating room in lean management group were (27.8±1.5)points, (18.1±1.1)points, (26.6±1.5)points and (18.1±0.8)points, significantly higher than (23.7±2.3)points, (14.6±1.1)points, (22.4±1.8)points and (13.7±1.1)points in routine management group (all P<0.01). The three dimensions of qualified rate of infection monitoring in operating room in lean management group were all 100%, showing no significant differences in routine management group (75%, 100%, 100%) (all P>0.05). Surgeons′ satisfaction with circulating nurses and scrub nurses in lean management group was 90% and 85%, higher than 73% and 65% in routine management group (all P<0.05). Preoperative SAS in lean management group was (32.5±8.2)points, significantly lower than (54.6±10.7)points in routine management group ( P<0.01). The incidence of postoperative complications in lean management group was 0, significantly lower than 15%(6/40) in routine management group ( P<0.05). Patients′ satisfaction with nurses in operating room in lean management group was 95% (38/40), significantly higher than 78%(31/40) in routine management group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:6S and PDCA cycle lean management can effectively improve the nursing quality of orthopedic trauma surgery, reduce patients′ anxiety and postoperative complications, and improve surgeons′ and patients′ satisfaction, which is worthy of further clinical application.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930499

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the urine of normal healthy left-behind children under 1 year old and left-behind children with zinc deficiency under 1 year old in Zunyi area using hydrogen nuclear magnetic resonance ( 1HNMR), thus providing a new biomarker for the early diagnosis of zinc deficiency. Methods:From January to August 2018, a total of 40 normal healthy left-behind children under 1 year old in Zunyi area(healthy control group)[22 males and 18 females, average age of (7.78±3.62) months, average height of (65.01±2.67) cm and average body mass of (7.15±1.59) kg] and 40 age-matched left-behind children with zinc deficiency in the same region(zinc deficiency group)[19 males and 21 females, average age of (7.89±3.57) months, average height of (64.25±2.95) cm and average body mass of (7.02±1.68) kg] were included for a cross-sectional study by stratified sampling.The urine 1HNMR spectra of children in the 2 groups were measured, and the age, height, body mass and serum zinc content of children in the 2 groups were compared.The metabolites of the 2 groups were compared by metabono-mics technology combined with multivariate statistical analysis, and the differential metabolites of children with zinc deficiency were screened out. Results:There were no significant differences in age, height and body mass between the 2 groups (all P>0.05). The serum zinc level of healthy control group was significantly higher than that of zinc deficiency group [(54.3±3.06) mmol/L vs.(39.2±3.77) mmol/L, t=22.65, P<0.05]. Urine 1HNMR spectrogram results showed that compared with healthy controls, 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvic acid, phenyl acetyl glycine, and hippuric acid salt water were significantly lower in zinc deficiency group ( r=-0.620, -0.689, and -0.721, respectively, all | r|>0.602, all P<0.05). Conclusions:Zinc deficiency in left-behind children under 1 year old in Zunyi area is mainly manifested by decreased metabolites of 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvic acid, phenylacetyl glycine and horse-urate, suggesting metabolic disorder of intestinal flora.Differentially expressed metabolites have a potential application value in the early diagnosis of zinc deficiency.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940374

ABSTRACT

Due to the infinite proliferation, strong migration and loss of contact inhibition of tumor cells, tumor has become the most intractable diseases to be cured in the world. At present, the main treatments of tumor diseases are surgical resection, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, targeted-therapy and immunotherapy. Although these measures can inhibit or kill the tumor to a certain extent, they still cannot avoid adverse reactions and drug resistance. After thousands of years of clinical practice, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has the characteristics of good curative effect, few adverse reactions and significantly improving the quality of life in patients, which provides new ideas for the prevention and treatment of tumors. As an endemic and rare plant in China, Tetrastigma hemsleyanum has been listed in the 2015 edition of Zhejiang Provincial Processing Specification of TCM with the effects of heat-clearing and detoxification, detumescence and analgesia, dissipating phlegm and resolving masses. It has been reported that the chemical constituents of T. hemsleyanum are mainly flavonoids, polysaccharides, phenolic acids, terpenoids, steroids, volatile oils, alkaloids and so on. It can exert a broad spectrum of anti-tumor effects through various ways such as inhibiting proliferation, migration and invasion of tumor cells, inducing apoptosis of tumor cells, inhibiting angiogenesis of tumor cells, reversing multidrug resistance of tumor cells and regulating body autoimmunity. On the basis of reviewing relevant literature at home and abroad, this paper intends to systematically sort out the chemical and anti-tumor research of T. hemsleyanum, and in order to provide a new idea for its synergistic anti-tumor effect of multi-component, multi-pathway and multi-target, and finally provide theoretical basis for the research and development and clinical application of new anti-tumor drugs of T. hemsleyanum.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937687

ABSTRACT

Despite the advances in medical and device therapies for heart failure (HF), sudden cardiac death (SCD) remains a tremendous global burden in patients with HF. Among the risk factors for SCD, HF has the greatest impact. Previous studies focusing on patients with systolic dysfunction have found several predictive factors associated with SCD, lead‑ ing to the subsequent development of strategies of primary prevention, like placement of implantable cardioverterdefibrillator (ICD) in high-risk patients. Although patients with HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) were less prone to SCD compared to patients with HF with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), patients with HFpEF did account for a significant proportion of all HF patients who encountered SCD. The cutoff value of left ventricular ejection frac‑ tion (LVEF) to define the subset of HF did not reach consensus until 2016 when the European Society of Cardiology proposed a new classification system by LVEF. There is a great unmet need in the field of SCD in HFpEF regarding risk stratification and appropriate device therapy with ICD implantation. In this article, we will approach SCD in HFpEF from HFrEF subsets. We also aim at clarifying the mechanisms, risk factors, and prevention of SCD in HFpEF.

9.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 787-792, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922158

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the safety and clinical efficiency of holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP) in the treatment of small-volume BPH (SBPH) complicated by severe lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS).@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data on 82 cases of SBPH with severe LUTS treated by HoLEP from January 2017 to December 2018. The patients were aged (65.5 ± 7.6) years, with a mean prostate volume of <40 ml, a total IPSS of 24.8 ± 4.6, a QOL score of 5.2 ± 0.8, the maximum urinary flow rate (Qmax) of (7.6 ± 3.7) ml/s, and a mean PSA level of (1.8 ± 1.4) μg/L.@*RESULTS@#All the operations were successfully completed, the mean operation time averaging (30.2 ± 5.0) min, enucleation time (26.7 ± 5.6) min and comminution time (3.5 ± 1.1) min, and the enucleated tissue weighing (20.3 ± 4.9) g. After surgery, the bladders were irrigated for (3.5 ± 1.9) h, with (3.0 ± 1.7) L of rinse solution, and catheterization lasted (24.8 ± 9.7) h. Histopathology revealed moderate or severe lymphocytic infiltration in 69 cases (84.1%). At 6 months after operation, significant improvement was observed in the IPSS, QOL, Qmax and PSA level compared with the baseline (P < 0.05). To date, no urethral stricture-related reoperation was ever necessitated.@*CONCLUSIONS@#HoLEP is safe and effective for the treatment of SBPH complicated by severe LUTS and can be employed after adequate preoperative evaluation of the patient.《.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lasers, Solid-State , Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms/surgery , Male , Prostate/surgery , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies
10.
Neurointervention ; : 64-69, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875332

ABSTRACT

Excessive tortuosity is a notable cause of failed endovascular thrombectomy for acute large-vessel occlusion stroke. Transcervical access (TCA) is a commonly proposed solution for overcoming this difficulty. However, the large-bore catheter usually used in TCA increases the risk of serious local complications. This paper presents a modified technique for TCA that uses a pull-through buddy wire (PTBW) to track a large-bore femoral guiding sheath (GS) into the carotid artery via a small carotid puncture site. The carotid puncture site can be easily managed through gentle manual compression. Two illustrative cases using this technique to deal with a large aortic arch and tortuous left common carotid artery are reported. In both cases, recanalization was achieved after successful GS placement. Using a PTBW is feasible in TCA.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906039

ABSTRACT

Epilepsy is a common nervous system disorder characterized by repeated attacks and a protracted course, which can cause great harms to the physical and mental health of patients. Antiepileptic drugs have been proved effective, but the resulting toxic and side effects cannot be ignored. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has a long history of dealing with epilepsy. At present, in addition to enriching the cognitive theory of epilepsy treatment with TCM, we have also focused on the role of TCM in regulating the epilepsy-related signaling pathways from the perspective of molecular biology. The review of literature in China and abroad has uncovered that epilepsy is closely related to such pathophysiological processes as cell proliferation, apoptosis, autophagy, inflammatory response, and immune response. At the same time, the modern research of Chinese and western medicines shows that the efficacy of Chinese herbal monomers, single Chinese herbs or Chinese herbal compounds in treating epilepsy is directly or indirectly related to their regulation of signaling pathways. To be specific, they control epileptic seizures and alleviate epileptic brain injury by regulating the expression of key molecules in corresponding signaling pathways. This paper summarized the research progress in China and abroad as follows: ①Tangeretin and ginkgolide B inhibit apoptosis and oxidative stress by activating the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) signaling pathway. ②Baicalin and osthol suppress autophagy by inhibiting the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway. ③Ganoderan and astragaloside reduce apoptosis by inhibiting the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway. ④Salidroside and resveratrol reverse oxidative stress and apoptosis by activating the nuclear factor E2-related factor 2/antioxidant reaction element/heme oxygenase 1 (Nrf2/ARE/HO-1) signaling pathway. ⑤Curcumin and baicalin diminish inflammatory response and apoptosis by inhibiting the nuclear transcriptional factor-κB (NF-κB) signaling pathway. The above summary is expected to provide reference for the in-depth study and clinical application of TCM for the treatment of epilepsy.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905892

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect and mechanism of Chaihu Jia Longgu Mulitang (CJLM) on hippocampal NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3)inflammasome pathway in rats with depression. Method:Sixty male SD rats were randomly divided into a normal group,a model group, a MCC950 (1 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group, and high- (13 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), medium- (6.5 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and low-dose (3.25 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) Chaihu Jia Longgu Mulitang groups, with 10 rats in each group.The depression model was induced by isolation combined with chronic unpredictable mild stimulation(CUMS) in rats except for those in the normal group. Rats were treated correspondingly for 21 days by intraperitoneal injection in the MCC950 group and gavage in other groups. The normal group and the model group received an equal volume of normal saline. The depression-like behaviors of rats were observed by sucrose preference test (SPT) and novelty-suppressed feeding test. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine the levels of interleukin-1<italic>β </italic>(IL-1<italic>β</italic>) and IL-18 in the hippocampus of depressed rats. Western blot was used to detect the protein levels of NLRP3, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a C-terminal caspase recruitment domain (ASC), and Caspase-1. Result:Compared with the normal group, the model group showed decreased sucrose preference rate (<italic>P</italic><0.01), prolonged novelty-suppressed feeding time (<italic>P</italic><0.01), enhanced protein expression of NLRP3,ASC, and caspase-1<italic> </italic>(<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), and elevated expression of IL-1<italic>β</italic> and IL-18 (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:CJLM can alleviate depression-like behaviors in CUMS-induced model rats, and the underlying mechanism is related to the inhibition of the NLRP3 inflammasome pathway.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905823

ABSTRACT

On May 11, 2020, DB/T 31-689.1 Technical requirements for infection prevention and control-Part 1: Usage standard for personal protective equipment (hereinafter referred to as the Standard) was issued by the Shanghai Municipal Administration for Market Regulation, and implemented on July 1, 2020. This paper analyses the importance and significance of promulgation of the Standard in terms of the necessity and importance of formulating the usage standard for personal protective equipment (PPE). And interpretation of key indicators is made, especially focusing on the technical requirements of PPE, risk assessment, donning and doffing, and disposing after use, so as to help users of PPE accurately understand and better implement the Standard.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921733

ABSTRACT

Zhenwu Decoction(ZWD) has a history of more than 1 800 years in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), which is used to treat various diseases characterized by Yangqi deficiency and exuberant water and dampness. It is currently the classic prescription for the treatment of chronic heart failure(CHF). This study provides a basis for the treatment of CHF with ZWD by elaborating the traditional efficacy, theoretical basis, and underlying mechanism of the prescription. Based on the research methods and judgment basis of quality markers(Q-markers) of Chinese medicine, the Q-markers of ZWD in the treatment of CHF were predicted from the aspects of transfer and traceability, specificity, effectiveness, compatibility environment, measurability, and processing. Demethyl-coclaurine,benzoylaconine, atractylenolide Ⅲ, paeoniflorin, 6-gingerol, 8-gingerol, pachymic acid, and dehydrotumulosic acid can be used as Q-markers of ZWD for treating CHF. The result provides a reference for exploring the pharmacodynamic substances of ZWD in the treatment of CHF.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887942

ABSTRACT

Coptidis Rhizoma, as a bulk medicinal material, is in great demand in clinical practice. Its quality is uneven in the market due to the mixture of genuine, counterfeit and adulterants. Therefore, it is particularly important to establish a quality control system for Coptidis Rhizoma. Based on the concept of Chinese medicine quality marker(Q-marker), the potential quality markers of Coptidis Rhizoma were analyzed and predicted from the perspective of chemistry and pharmacology. The sources of the Q-markers of Coptidis Rhizoma were identified by literature retrieval. The potential Q-markers were then screened through the visualization of the "components-targets-pathways" network. High performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) was used to establish a multi-indicator qualitative and quantitative control method featuring fingerprints for 10 batches of Coptidis Rhizoma. A supervised mode of orthogonality partial least squares method-discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) was used to screen the main marker components that caused differences between groups. The literature review results showed that the alkaloids were the main source of Coptidis Rhizoma Q-markers.The fingerprints of 13 common peaks were successfully established, and berberine, palmatine, berberine and epiberberine were selected as Q-markers of Coptidis Rhizoma, and their contents were determined.Based on the concept of the Q-marker of traditional Chinese medicine, the four components can be selected as the Q-marker of Coptidis Rhizoma after comprehensive consideration. The results of this study are not only conducive to the quality evaluation of Coptidis Rhizoma on the market, but also provide a reference for the overall quality control of Coptidis Rhizoma and lay foundation for the future exploration of the mechanism of Coptidis Rhizoma.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Multivariate Analysis , Rhizome
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885131

ABSTRACT

We reported a case of polyglandular syndrome induced by programmed death-1(PD-1) inhibitors. The patient was a 51-years-old male with non-small cell lung cancer, treated with PD-1 inhibitor nivolumab/pembrolizumab because of postoperative subcarinal lymph node metastasis indicated by PET-CT. During 14 cycles of PD-1 inhibitor treatment, the patient successively developed primary hypothyroidism, and type 1 diabetes mellitus(T1DM). More than five months after the withdrawal of pembrolizumab, the patient experienced recurrentce. Laboratory examinations showed mild hyponatremia and hypopituitarism including ACTH and growth hormone(GH)/insulin-like growth factor-1(IGF-1) insufficiency. This is the first report of a patient diagnosed as polyglandular syndrome caused by PD-1 inhibitor. In particularly, the hypothyroidism and T1DM did not improve after drug withdrawal, while hypopituitarism was further aggravated. This case reminds us that we should pay more attention to the changes of endocrine function during and after the treatment of PD-1 inhibitor, so that we can make the correct diagnosis and take proper medical measures timely, to avoide missed diagnosis, and improper treatment.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882872

ABSTRACT

Objective:Explore the hydrogen-nuclear magnetic resonance ( 1H-NMR) application potential of metabolomics in early screening of vitamin A deficiency(VAD). Methods:From January to June 2019, 40 cases of left-behind children with confirmed VAD <1 year old were enrolled in Zunyi area as VAD group, and 40 healthy children were selected as healthy control group.Urine from the 2 groups of children was collected and 1H-NMR spectrum was measured.By combining metabonomics technology and multivariate statistical analysis, the 2 groups of metabolites were compared, and the differential metabolites of children with VAD were screened out. Results:Compared with VAD group [(0.56±0.10)μmol/L], the difference in the serum retinol concentration of healthy control group [(1.35±0.18)μmol/L] was statistically significant ( t=23.93, P<0.001). Compared with healthy group, VAD group showed higher level of methylmalonate, 2-ketoisovalerat, N-acetyl glycoprotein signal, dimethylglycine and betaine, with statistically significant differences (| r|>0.602, all P<0.05). The level of Isovalerylglycine, 2-hydroxyisobutyrate, creatine, phosphate choline/glycerophosphocholine, 4-PY and Hippurate were significantly decreased, with statistically significant differences (| r|>0.602, all P<0.05). Conclusions:Compared with healthy children, children with VAD have differences in urine Metabolites.Differential metabolites are closely correlated with intestinal microecological ba-lance, digestive system diseases, respiratory system diseases, immune-related diseases, energy metabolism, growth and development.Urine 1H-NMR metabolomics analysis has potential application value in the early screening of VAD.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942922

ABSTRACT

A common clinical problem encountered by colorectal surgeons is the secondary tumors of the ovary (STO), particularly in young female patients. Most STO are from the digestive tract, and the known possible metastatic mechanisms include lymphatic, hematogenous, and intraperitoneal spreading. The molecular and histopathological characteristics of STO from different sites are diverse. It is particularly important to correctly identify the origin and feature of STO, which should be clarified by combining medical history, histopathology, immunohistochemistry, molecular biology, imaging and other means. The prognosis of patients with STO is poor in general. Comprehensive therapies based on surgical resection can benefit some patients. There is no specific treatment for STO at present, but not giving up easily on these patients is the right choice that every surgeon should understand.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms/therapy , Female , Humans , Krukenberg Tumor , Ovarian Neoplasms/surgery , Prognosis , Surgeons
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942510

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study voice changes in children after adenotonsillectomy or adenoidectomy and the relationship with the vocal tract structure. Methods: Fifty patients were recruited in this study prospectively, aged from 4 to 12 years old with the median age of 6. They were underwent adenotonsillectomy or adenoidectomy in Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University from July 2019 to August 2020. In the cases, there are 31 males and 19 females. Thirty-six patients underwent adenotonsillectomy and 14 patients underwent adenoidectomy alone. Twenty-two children (13 males, 9 females) with Ⅰ degree of bilateral tonsils without adenoid hypertrophy and no snoring were selected as normal controls. Adenoid and tonsil sizes were evaluated. Subjective changes of voice were recorded after surgery. Moreover, voice data including fundamental frequency(F0), jitter, shimmer, noise to harmonic ratio(NHR), maximum phonation time(MPT), formant frequencies(F1-F5) and bandwidths(B1-B5) of vowel/a/and/i/were analyzed before, 3 days and 1 month after surgery respectively.SPSS 23.0 was used for statistical analysis. Results: Thirty-six patients(72.0%,36/50) complained of postoperative voice changes. The incidence was inversely correlated with age. In children aged 4-6, 7-9, and 10-12, the incidence was 83.3%(25/30), 63.6%(7/11) and 44.4%(4/9) respectively. Voice changes appeared more common in children underwent adenotonsillectomy(77.8%,28/36) than in those underwent adenoidectomy alone(57.1%,8/14), but there was no statistical difference. After operation, for vowel/a/, MPT(Z=2.18,P=0.041) and F2(t=2.13,P=0.040) increased, B2(Z=2.04,P=0.041) and B4(Z=2.00,P=0.046) decreased. For vowel/i/, F2(t=2.035,P=0.050) and F4(t=4.44,P=0.0001) increased, B2(Z=2.36,P=0.019) decreased. Other acoustic parameters were not significantly different from those before surgery. The F2(r=-0.392, P =0.032) of vowel/a/and F2(r=-0.279, P=0.048) and F4 (r=-0.401, P =0.028) of vowel/i/after adenotonsillectomy were significantly higher than those of adenoidectomy alone. Half of patients with postopertive voice changes can recover spontaneously 1 month after surgery. Conclusions: Voice changes in children underwent adenotonsillectomy or adenoidectomy might be related to their changes in formants and bandwidths. The effect of adenotonsillectomy on voice was more significant compared with that of adenoidectomy alone. The acoustic parameters did not change significantly after surgery except MPT.


Subject(s)
Adenoidectomy , Adenoids/surgery , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Speech Acoustics , Tonsillectomy , Voice Quality
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942459

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the possibility of using artificial intelligence (AI) technology based on convolutional neural network (CNN) to assist the clinical diagnosis of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) through deep learning algorithm. Methods: A deep CNN was developed and applied in narrow band imaging (NBI) endoscopy of 4 799 patients with laryngeal lesions, including 3 168 males and 1 631 females, aged from 21 to 87 years, from 2015 to 2017 in Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University. A simple randomization method was used to select the laryngeal NBI images of 2 427 patients (1 388 benign lesions and 1 039 LSCC lesions) for the training and correction the CNN model. The remaining laryngeal NBI images of 2 372 patients (including 1 276 benign lesions and 1 096 LSCC lesions) were used as validation data set to compare performance between CNN and otolaryngologists. SPSS 21.0 software was used for Chi-square test to calculate the accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of AI and otolaryngologists. The area under the curve (AUC) of receiver operating curve (ROC) was used to evaluate the diagnostic ability of the algorithm for NBI images. Results: The accuracy, sensitivity and specificity for NBI predictions were respectively 90.91% (AUC=0.96), 90.12% and 91.53%, which were equivalent to those for otolaryngologists' predictions (accuracy, sensitivity and specificity were (91.93±3.20)%, (91.33±3.25)% and (93.02±2.59)%, t values were 0.64, 0.75 and 1.17, and P values were 0.32, 0.28 and 0.21, respectively). The diagnostic efficiency of CNN was significantly higher than that of otolaryngologists (0.01 vs. 5.50, t =9.15, P<0.001). Conclusion: AI based on deep CNN is effective for using in the laryngeal NBI image diagnosis, showing a good application prospect in the diagnosis of LSCC.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Artificial Intelligence , Endoscopy , Female , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Narrow Band Imaging , Neural Networks, Computer , Sensitivity and Specificity , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Young Adult
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