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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906412

ABSTRACT

Liver, as a critical organ of metabolism and detoxification, can be damaged by viral infection, drug abuse, and heavy drinking. Liver diseases pose a serious threat to people's health and life in China.At present, drug therapy has been primarily adopted clinically in the treatment of the liver injury.In-depth investigation of the mechanism of liver-protective drugs is of great significance to the prevention and treatment of clinical liver diseases.In recent years, with the development of the medical industry in China, an increasing number of studies have focused on the treatment of liver injury with Chinese medicine.Compared with western medicine, Chinese medicine is advantageous in few side effects and overall regulation, which plays a pivotal role in liver protection.However, its underlying mechanism in liver protection still needs to be further studied due to its complex compositions and diverse targets.Metabolomics, a new approach to studying the metabolic pathway of biological systems, provides integral and systematic views in the investigation of liver protection with Chinese medicine. By virtue of metabolomics, the mechanism of Chinese medicine in multi-target and multi-pathway liver protection can be analyzed comprehensively, and the corresponding biomarkers can also be screened out. The authors analyzed the studies of the treatment of chemical liver injury models induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4), dimethylnitrosamine (DMN), α-naphthyl isothiocyanate (ANIT), and alcohol by Chinese medicinal compounds, single herbal medicines, and monomers of Chinese medicine based on metabolomics, and summarized the biomarkers and related metabolic pathways of Chinese medicine in the intervention of each type of liver injury, aiming at providing a reference for the further research and clinical application in the treatment of different types of liver injuries by Chinese medicine.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906052

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of<italic> Stemona tuberosa</italic> alkaloids on the apoptosis of human hepatoma SMMC-7721 cells and the expression of apoptosis-related proteins including B lymphocytoma-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax), and cleaved cysteinyl aspartate-specific protease-3 (cleaved Caspase-3). Method:SMMC-7721 cells were routinely cultured, passaged, and treated with various concentrations (50, 75, 112, 167, and 250 mg·L<sup>-1</sup>) of <italic>S. tuberosa </italic>alkaloids, while those in the blank control group were only treated with 10% fetal bovine serum. The cell proliferation was determined by tetrazolium bromide (MTT) colorimetry and colony assay and the cell apoptosis by Hoechst 33258 staining. The protein expression levels of Bcl-2, Bax, and cleaved Caspase-3 were detected by Western blot. Result:<italic>S. tuberosa</italic> alkaloids inhibited the proliferation of SMMC-7721 cells, and the inhibition rate was significantly increased in comparison with that in the blank control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), with the half maximal inhibitory concentrations (IC<sub>50</sub>) at 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h being (173.36±8.75), (112.14±16.50), and (96.41±2.60)mg·L<sup>-1</sup>, respectively. The cell colony-inhibitory activity was significantly increased in a dose-dependent manner (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the blank control group, <italic>S. tuberosa</italic> alkaloids promoted the apoptosis of SMMC-7721 cells, manifested as increased number of apoptotic cells and elevated apoptotic rate (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The typical morphological changes such as brightly blue-fluorescent condensed nuclei, cytoplasmic shrinking, and karyopyknosis were found under the upright fluorescence microscope. As revealed by comparison with the blank control group, the expression of Bcl-2 was significantly down-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while the protein expression levels of pro-apoptotic protein Bax and cleaved Caspase-3 in the 75, 112, 167, and 250 mg·L<sup>-1</sup> <italic>S. tuberosa</italic> alkaloids groups were significantly up-regulated (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:<italic>S. tuberosa </italic>alkaloids inhibit the proliferation of SMMC-7721 cells and promote their apoptosis possibly by inhibiting Bcl-2 protein expression and promoting Bax and cleaved Caspase-3 protein expression.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905950

ABSTRACT

Polydatin, a polyphenolic compound, is the main active component of Chinese medicine Polygoni Cuspidati Rhizoma et Radix and has a variety of pharmacological activities. In recent years, there are more studies on the pharmacological effects and mechanisms of polydatin. Modern pharmacological studies show that polydatin has protective effects on the nervous system, cardio-cerebral vascular system, and respiratory system, and also has significant effects on the liver, kidney, lung, and other organs. Its effect of regulating blood glucose and blood lipid on atherosclerosis is significant, and the anti-fibrosis effect is significant on the liver and kidney. Polydatin can inhibit many types of tumor cells, suppress proliferation and induce apoptosis of tumor cells. Polydatin can also resist inflammation and radiation, protect bone marrow, and promote wound healing. Based on the literature on the pharmacological effects of polydatin, the authors found that the single pharmacological mechanism of polydatin is often regulated by multi-target proteins and multiple pathways, but the most of action targets are unclear, which needs to be further investigated. This study summarized the research progress on the pharmacological action and mechanism of polydatin in the past five years and put forward some suggestions on its present research situation and future research direction to broaden the research ideas of researchers and speed up the identification of the targets of its pharmacological effect. This study is expected to provide a scientific theoretical basis for the further development and utilization of polydatin.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921938

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of arthroscopic fixation of tibial avulsion fracture of posterior cruciate ligament with a knot-free anchor and Endobuton titanium plate.@*METHODS@#From October 2019 to October 2020, 12 patients with tibial avulsion fracture of posterior cruciate ligament were treated with the arthroscopic knot-free anchor and Endobuton titanium plate, including 9 males and 3 females. The age ranged from 23 to 58 years old. The time from injury to operation ranged from 2 to 9 days. There were 2 cases of Meyers typeⅡand 10 cases of Meyers type Ⅲ. There were 2 cases of meniscus injury and 1 case of partial injury of medial collateral ligament. The fracture healing and knee range of motion were evaluated after operation, and the clinicalefficacy was evaluated by Lysholm function score.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 months. All patients healed within 6 months, and there were no complications such as incision infection, lower extremity deep venous thrombosis and internal fixation falling off. The knee flexion range of motion recovered from 50°-90° before operation to 115°-130° 6 months after operation, and no patient had straightening disorder. Lysholm functional score recovered from preoperative 29-54 scores to 86-100 scores 12 months after operation.@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopic reduction and fixation of tibial avulsion fracture of posterior cruciate ligament with the knot-free anchor and Endobuton titanium plate has less complications, high fracture healing rate, good extension and flexion angle and early function recovery of knee joint.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arthroscopy , Female , Fractures, Avulsion/surgery , Humans , Knee Joint/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Posterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Suture Techniques , Tibial Fractures/surgery , Titanium , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
5.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3505-3519, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921444

ABSTRACT

Denitrification is an indispensable part of most sewage treatment systems. The biological denitrification process has attracted much attention in the past decades due to the advantages such as cost-effectiveness, process simplicity, and absence of secondary pollution. This review summarized the advances on biological denitrification processes in recent years according to the different physiological characteristics and denitrification mechanisms of denitrification microorganisms. The pros and cons of different biological denitrification processes developed based on nitrifying bacteria, denitrifying bacteria, and anaerobic ammonia-oxidizing bacteria were compared with the aim to identify the best strategy for denitrification in a complex wastewater environment. The rapid development of synthetic biology provides possibilities to develop highly-efficient denitrifying strains based on mechanistic understandings. Combined with the applications of automatic simulation to obtain the optimal denitrification conditions, cost-effective and highly-efficient denitrification processed can be envisioned in the foreseeable future.


Subject(s)
Aerobiosis , Denitrification , Nitrification , Nitrogen , Waste Water
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888084

ABSTRACT

Bupleuri Radix, serving as the sovereign medicinal in many antidepressant compound preparations, has been proved effective in treating depression in mice, but its effect on the intestinal flora remains unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of Bupleurum chinense(one of the original materials of Bupleuri Radix) on the behaviors and the diversity of intestinal flora of depressed mice. A depression mouse model was induced by repeated social defeat stress. Specifically, C57 BL/6 J male mice were exposed to the attack from the CD-1 mice. Then, C57 BL/6 J male mice were divided into a depression group and a B. chinense group, with normal saline and B. chinense administered(ig) respectively. Sucrose preference test and tail suspension test were conducted during and after the experiment respectively, to analyze the effects of B. chinense on the behaviors of the depressed mice. The feces were collected after the experiment. The V3-V4 16 S rDNA regions of intestinal flora of mice in each group were sequenced by Ion S5 TMXL for the analysis of the number of operational taxonomic units(OTUs), richness, alpha and beta diversity indexes, and differential phyla and genera. The results indicated that B. chinense could decrease depressive-like behaviors of mice, increase sucrose preference, and shorten the time of immobility in tail suspension test. After B. chinense intervention, the relative abundance of Firmicutes was significantly decreased, while that of Bacteroidetes was increased at the phylum level. At the genus level, the relative abundance of Lactobacillus and Lachnoclostridium decreased(P<0.05), while that of Bacteroides, Alistopes, etc. was elevated(P<0.05). The findings demonstrate that B. chinense can regulate the intestinal flora and improve the depressive-like behaviors of mice with depression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bupleurum , Feces , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Lactobacillus , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL
7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 911-922, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878603

ABSTRACT

Transcription factor-based biosensors (TFBs) play an essential role in metabolic engineering and synthetic biology. TFBs sense the metabolite concentration signals and convert them into specific signal output. They hold high sensitivity, strong specificity, brief analysis speed, and are widely used in response to target metabolites. Here we reviewe the principles of TFBs, the application examples, and challenges faced in recent years in microbial cells, including detecting target metabolite concentrations, high-throughput screening, adaptive laboratory evolutionary selection, and dynamic control. Simultaneously, to overcome the challenges in the application, we also focus on reviewing the performance tuning strategies of TFBs, mainly including traditional and computer-aided tuning strategies. We also discuss the opportunities and challenges that TFBs may face in practical applications, and propose the future research trend.


Subject(s)
Biosensing Techniques , Gene Expression Regulation , Metabolic Engineering , Synthetic Biology , Transcription Factors/metabolism
8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 801-805, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878596

ABSTRACT

Industrial microorganisms and their products are widely used in various fields such as industry, agriculture, and medicine, which play a pivotal role in economy. Efficient industrial strains are the key to improve production efficiency, and advanced fermentation technology as well as instrument platform is also important to develop microbial metabolic potential. In recent years, rapid development has been achieved in research of industrial microorganisms. Artificial intelligence, efficient genome-editing and synthetic biology technologies have been increasingly applied, and related industrial applications are being accomplished. In order to promote utilization of industrial microorganisms in biological manufacturing, we organized this special issue on innovation and breakthrough of industrial microorganisms. Progress including microbial strain diversity and metabolism, strain development technology, fermentation process optimization and scale-up, high-throughput droplet culture system, and applications of industrial microorganisms is summarized in this special issue, and prospects on future studies are proposed.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Fermentation , Industrial Microbiology , Industry , Metabolic Engineering , Synthetic Biology
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879811

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the detection rate, epidemic pattern, and clinical features of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in hospitalized children with acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI).@*METHODS@#Nasopharyngeal aspirates were collected from children with ALRI, aged < 2 years, who were hospitalized in Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from June 2013 to May 2018. Multiplex PCR was used to detect 16 common respiratory viruses. The epidemiological characteristics of RSV were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#A total of 2 066 hospitalized children with ALRI were enrolled. Among the children, 1 595 (77.20%) tested positive for virus and 826 (39.98%) tested positive for RSV [410(49.6%) positive for RSV-A, 414 (50.1%) positive for RSV-B, and 2 (0.2%) positive for both RSV-A and RSV-B]. RSV-B was the main subtype detected in 2013-2014 and 2016-2017, while RSV-A was the main subtype in 2014-2015 and 2017-2018, and these two subtypes were prevalent in 2015-2016. The highest detection rate of RSV was noted in winter. RSV + human rhinovirus was the most common combination of viruses and was detected in 123 children. These children were more likely to develop wheezing than those with single RSV detected (@*CONCLUSIONS@#In Chongqing in 2013-2018, RSV-A and RSV-B not only can predominate alternately, but also can co-circulate during a season. RSV is the major viral pathogen of hospitalized children with ALRI and can cause severe lower respiratory tract infection. There are no differences in clinical manifestations between children with RSV-A infection and those with RSV-B infection, but boys are more susceptible to RSV-A infection.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Hospitalized , Child, Preschool , China/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections/epidemiology , Respiratory Syncytial Virus, Human , Respiratory Tract Infections/epidemiology
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880756

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the therapeutic effect of different doses of dihydroartemisinin (DHA) on atopic dermatitis (AD) in mice and explore the mechanism.@*METHODS@#Forty-two C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 7 groups (@*RESULTS@#Treatment with 25, 75, and 125 mg/kg DHA and dexamethasone all alleviated AD symptoms of mice, reduced the severity scores of skin lesions, and ameliorated pathological changes of the skin tissue. DHA at 125 mg/kg produced the most obvious therapeutic effect and significantly alleviated mast cell infiltration in the lesions as compared with the other treatment groups (@*CONCLUSIONS@#DHA is effective for the treatment of AD in mice with an optimal dose of 125 mg/kg. The therapeutic effect of DHA is achieved probably through regulation of local immunity by inhibiting mast cell infiltration in the lesions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Artemisinins , Cytokines , Dermatitis, Atopic/drug therapy , Immunoglobulin E , Mast Cells , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Skin
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811199

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: C-terminal binding protein 1 (CtBP1) is a transcriptional co-repressor that is overexpressed in many cancers. CtBP1 transcriptionally represses a broad array of tumor suppressors, which promotes cancer cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and resistance to apoptosis. Recent studies have demonstrated that CtBP1 is a potential target for cancer therapy. This study was designed to screen for compounds that potentially target CtBP1.METHODS: Using a structure-based virtual screening for CtBP1 inhibitors, we found protocatechuic aldehyde (PA), a natural compound found in the root of a traditional Chinese herb, Salvia miltiorrhiza, that directly binds to CtBP1. Microscale thermophoresis assay was performed to determine whether PA and CtBP1 directly bind to each other. Further, clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats associated Cas9 nuclease-mediated CtBP1 knockout in breast cancer cells was used to validate the CtBP1 targeting specificity of PA.RESULTS: Functional studies showed that PA repressed the proliferation and migration of breast cancer cells. Furthermore, PA elevated the expression of the downstream targets of CtBP1, p21 and E-cadherin, and decreased CtBP1 binding affinity for the promoter regions of p21 and E-cadherin in breast cancer cells. However, PA did not affect the expression of p21 and E-cadherin in the CtBP1 knockout breast cancer cells. In addition, the CtBP1 knockout breast cancer cells showed resistance to PA-induced repression of proliferation and migration.CONCLUSION: Our findings demonstrated that PA directly bound to CtBP1 and inhibited the growth and migration of breast cancer cells through CtBP1 inhibition. Structural modifications of PA are further required to enhance its binding affinity and selectivity for CtBP1.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cadherins , Carrier Proteins , Cell Proliferation , Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats , Humans , Mass Screening , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Repression, Psychology , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Sensitivity and Specificity
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827544

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to evaluate the postoperative complications undergoing dental general anesthesia in children and analyze the prevalence and related factors.@*METHODS@#This prospective study involved 292 systematically healthy children (36 to 71 months old) who received extensive dental treatment under general anesthesia. Data about patients' histories, characteristics, dental and anesthesia procedure were collected. Parents or caregivers were interviewed face to face preoperation and 72 h postoperation. Data were analyzed using logistic regression.@*RESULTS@#Approximately 93.5% of the enrolled children reported one or more complications. The most prevalent complication was postoperative pain, followed by weariness, agitation, problem in eating, drowsiness, oral bleeding, cough, fever, etc. The length of operative time and femininity were the risks of the postoperative pain. Nutrition status was the factor probably in association with fever.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The children receive longer operative time and girls show to be more susceptible to the postoperative pain. High nutrition status could be the protective factor of postoperative fever.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, Dental , Anesthesia, General , Child , Child, Preschool , Dental Care , Dental Caries , Female , Humans , Postoperative Complications , Prospective Studies
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822489

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the safety and necessity of recurrent laryngeal lymph node resection by comparing the complications and prognosis of patients with recurrent laryngeal nerve injury receiving different recurrent laryngeal lymph node resections. Methods    We reviewed the clinical data of 153 patients with stage T1N0M0 esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who underwent radical esophageal cancer surgery at the Department of Thoracic Surgery, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology from June 2014 to May 2016. Among them, 125 were male and 28 were female, at an average age of 62 years. All patients underwent bilateral recurrent laryngeal nodes sampling. They were divided into 3 groups according to the dissection situation: patients with only one recurrent laryngeal lymph node resection on both sides during the operation were treated as a sampling group (n=49); patients with only one recurrent laryngeal lymph node resection on one side and more than one recurrent laryngeal lymph nodes resection on the other side were treated as a unilateral dissection group (n=49); patients with more than one recurrent laryngeal lymph nodes resection on both sides were treated as a bilateral dissection group (n=55). Follow-up was performed to compare the prognostic differences among the three groups. Seven days after the operation, the vocal cords  of the patients were examined with an electronic laryngoscope and classified using the Clavien-Dindo system. The

14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 73-80, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877994

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO) is a major cause of adult limb loss worldwide. Autophagy of vascular endothelial cell (VEC) contributes to the ASO progression. However, the molecular mechanism that controls VEC autophagy remains unclear. In this study, we aimed to explore the role of the GRB2 associated binding protein 1 (GAB1) in regulating VEC autophagy.@*METHODS@#In vivo and in vitro studies were applied to determine the loss of adapt protein GAB1 in association with ASO progression. Histological GAB1 expression was measured in sclerotic vascular intima and normal vascular intima. Gain- and loss-of-function of GAB1 were applied in VEC to determine the effect and potential downstream signaling of GAB1.@*RESULTS@#The autophagy repressor p62 was significantly downregulated in ASO intima as compared to that in healthy donor (0.80 vs. 0.20, t = 6.43, P < 0.05). The expression level of GAB1 mRNA (1.00 vs. 0.24, t = 7.41, P < 0.05) and protein (0.72 vs. 0.21, t = 5.97, P < 0.05) was significantly decreased in ASO group as compared with the control group. Loss of GAB1 led to a remarkable decrease in LC3II (1.19 vs. 0.68, t = 5.99, P < 0.05), whereas overexpression of GAB1 significantly led to a decrease in LC3II level (0.41 vs. 0.93, t = 7.12, P < 0.05). Phosphorylation levels of JNK and p38 were significantly associated with gain- and loss-of-function of GAB1 protein.@*CONCLUSION@#Loss of GAB1 promotes VEC autophagy which is associated with ASO. GAB1 and its downstream signaling might be potential therapeutic targets for ASO treatment.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Adult , Arteriosclerosis Obliterans/genetics , Autophagy , GRB2 Adaptor Protein , Humans , Phosphoproteins/metabolism , Phosphorylation , Protein Binding , Signal Transduction
15.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 874-881, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868353

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of a radiomics nomogram based on T 1WI for prediction of the relapse of osteosarcoma after surgery within 1 year from multicenter data. Methods:The imaging and clinical data of 107 patients with pathologica1ly confirmed osteosarcoma who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy before surgery from 6 hospitals from January 2009 to October 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. A training cohort consisted of 75 patients from firstly enrolled 4 hospitals and an independent validation cohort of 32 patients from other 2 hospitals. Pretreatment T 1WI was used to extract radiomics features. Least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) regression was applied to reduce the dimension and then the radiomics signature was constructed to predict the relapse of osteosarcoma after surgery within 1 year in training cohort. Independent clinical risk factors were screened using one-way logistic regression, and then a radiomics nomogram incorporated the radiomics signature and MRI characteristics was developed by multivariate logistic regression. The predictive nomogram was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve in the training cohort, and validated in the independent validation cohort. The calibration curve was used to evaluate the agreement between prediction and actual observation and the decision curve was used to demonstrate the clinical usefulness. Results:Based on T 1WI from multicenter institutions, the radiomics signature was built using 2 valuable selected features that were significantly associated with relapse within 1 year. Two selected features included 1 gray-level co-occurrence matrices (GLCM) feature (L_G_1.0_GLCM_homogeneity1, LASSO coefficient 3.122) and 1 gray-level run length matrix (GLRLM) feature (GLRLM_RP, LASSO coefficient -2.474). The prediction nomogram including radiomics signature and MRI characteristics (joint invasion and perivascular involvement) showed good discrimination with the area under the ROC curve of 0.884 and 0.821 in the training and validation cohorts, respectively. The calibration curve showed that the nomogram achieved good agreement between prediction and actual observation. Decision curve analysis demonstrated that the radiomics nomogram was clinically useful when the threshold probability was greater than 21%. Conclusion:The radiomics nomogram based on T 1WI can be used as a non-invasive quantitative tool to predict relapse of osteosarcoma within 1 year before treatment, which provides support for clinical decision-making in osteosarcoma.

16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 279-281, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780597

ABSTRACT

@#Myopic population of China is already nearly 600 million, the rate of teenager myopic occupies the first place in the world, myopia hsa already became one of the main diseases that endangers our adolescent's health. Dopamine is the main catecholamine in retina. Many studies have found that increasing the content of dopamine can effectively inhibit the development of myopia. Form-deprivation myopia is a classical method of myopia modeling. By observing the influence of dopamine and its receptors on the development of form-deprivation myopia, its role in the development of myopia can be reflected, and it is of great significance to guide and control the occurrence and development of myopia. In this paper, the effects of dopamine and its receptors on the development of form-deprivation myopia were reviewed in order to provide reference for the prevention and treatment of myopia.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756206

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the role of IL-17A during respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) in-fection in a mouse model. Methods Female wild-type C57BL/6 mice and IL-17A knockout ( IL-17A-/-) mice at the age of 6 to 8 weeks were both randomly divided into two groups:control and RSV groups. Mice in the control groups were given the supernatant of Hep-2 cell culture, while those in the RSV groups were treated with RSV A2 through intranasal administration. Leukocytes in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid ( BALF) samples were counted. Left lung tissues were stained with hematoxylin and eosin ( HE ) to evaluate his-topathological scores. Airway hyperresponsiveness ( AHR) was measured by whole-body plethysmography. The concentrations of IFN-γ were determined with ELISA. RSV titers were measured by plaque assay. To assess the effects of IL-17A on IFN-γproduction and its role in RSV infection, IL-17A-/- mice were treated with exogenous recombinant murine IFN-γ or IL-17A, while wild-type mice were given IFN-γ neutralizing antibody intervention. Results The counts of inflammatory cells and neutrophils in BALF, lung tissue his-topathological scores, AHR, IFN-γlevels and virus titers of the wild-type group were higher than those of the IL-17A-/-group after RSV infection. IFN-γlevels, inflammatory cell counts in BALF, AHR and lung tissue histopathological scores were significantly increased in RSV-infected IL-17A-/- mice after the intervention of recombinant murine IL-17A or IFN-γ. RSV titers were much higher in the recombinant murine IL-17A-trea-ted group, but not affected by the recombinant murine IFN-γ intervention. Inflammatory cell counts in BALF, AHR and lung tissue histopathological scores were significantly decreased in RSV-infected wild-type mice following IFN-γ neutralizing antibody treatment, but no significant changes were found in RSV titers. Conclusions IL-17A might be involved in the pathogenesis of pulmonary diseases during RSV infection through promoting IFN-γ production and inhibiting viral clearance in mice.

18.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 67-78, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775464

ABSTRACT

The rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) is a key region in cardiovascular regulation. It has been demonstrated that cholinergic synaptic transmission in the RVLM is enhanced in hypertensive rats. Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) in the brain plays beneficial roles in cardiovascular function in hypertension. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of ACE2 overexpression in the RVLM on cholinergic synaptic transmission in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). Four weeks after injecting lentiviral particles containing enhanced green fluorescent protein and ACE2 bilaterally into the RVLM, the blood pressure and heart rate were notably decreased. ACE2 overexpression significantly reduced the concentration of acetylcholine in microdialysis fluid from the RVLM and blunted the decrease in blood pressure evoked by bilateral injection of atropine into the RVLM in SHRs. In conclusion, we suggest that ACE2 overexpression in the RVLM attenuates the enhanced cholinergic synaptic transmission in SHRs.


Subject(s)
Acetylcholine , Metabolism , Animals , Blood Pressure , Physiology , Cardiovascular System , Metabolism , Cholinergic Neurons , Metabolism , Hypertension , Metabolism , Male , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Inbred SHR , Metabolism
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775101

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically evaluate the clinical effect of azithromycin (AZM) adjuvant therapy in children with bronchiolitis.@*METHODS@#Related databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on AZM adjuvant therapy in children with bronchiolitis published up to February 17, 2019. RevMan 5.3 was used to perform the Meta analysis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 14 RCTs were included, with 667 children in the intervention group and 651 in the control group. The pooled effect size showed that in the children with bronchiolitis, AZM adjuvant therapy did not shorten the length of hospital stay (MD=-0.29, 95%CI: -0.62 to 0.04, P=0.08) or oxygen supply time (MD=-0.33, 95%CI: -0.73 to 0.07, P=0.10), while it significantly shortened the time to the relief of wheezing (MD=-1.00, 95%CI: -1.72 to -0.28, P=0.007) and cough (MD=-0.48, 95%CI: -0.67 to -0.29, P<0.00001). The analysis of bacterial colonization revealed that AZM therapy significantly reduced the detection rates of Streptococcus pneumoniae (OR=0.24, 95%CI: 0.11-0.54, P=0.0006), Haemophilus (OR=0.28, 95%CI: 0.14-0.55, P=0.0002), and Moraxella catarrhalis (OR=0.21, 95%CI: 0.11-0.40, P<0.00001) in the nasopharyngeal region.@*CONCLUSIONS@#AZM adjuvant therapy can reduce the time to the relief of wheezing and cough in children with bronchiolitis, but it has no marked effect on the length of hospital stay and oxygen supply time.


Subject(s)
Azithromycin , Therapeutic Uses , Bronchiolitis , Drug Therapy , Child , Combined Modality Therapy , Humans , Length of Stay , Respiratory Sounds
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2326-2334, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780337

ABSTRACT

Based on the ITS2 and psbA-trnHsequences, molecular biological identification and genetic relationship of Fritillaria cirrhosa with its relative species were carried out. In this paper, the PCR-RFLP method specified by the Chinese Pharmacopoeia was performed on all samples at first. Secondly, the ITS2 and psbA-trnH sequences of all samples were amplified. Then, the amplified products were used to analyze the genetic distance, construct the phylogenetic tree, assess the identification efficiency, and evaluate the genetic relationship as well. The result showed that all the samples were divided into two groups by PCR-RFLP method. The samples in the first group, including Fritillaria ussuriensis, Fritillaria thunbergii and Fritillaria pallidiflora, could not be digested by SmaI, while the other samples in the second group, including Fritillaria mellea, Fritillaria sinica, Fritillaria cirrhosa var. ecirrhosa Franch, Fritillaria unibracteata var. longinectarea and Fritillaria cirrhosa, could be digested by SmaI. Then, ITS2 and psbA-trnH sequences of all samples were obtained. The length of various ITS2 sequences were distributed from 235 to 239 bp, and the average intra- and inter-specific genetic distance were 0.001 and 0.022, respectively. NJ tree showed that all samples were separated into "Northern Fritillaria" group (Fritillaria ussuriensis and Fritillaria pallidiflora) and "Southern Fritillaria" group (Fritillaria thunbergii, Fritillaria mellea, Fritillaria sinica, Fritillaria cirrhosa var. ecirrhosa Franch, Fritillaria unibracteata var. longinectarea and Fritillaria cirrhosa). The latter group could be further divided into Fritillaria thunbergii and Fritillaria cirrhosa subgroup, and the species in Fritillaria cirrhosa subgroup had close phylogenetic relationships. The length of psbA-trnH sequences was distributed from 337 to 373 bp, and the intra- and inter-specific genetic distance were 0.263 and 0.329, respectively. The samples in this paper could not be clustered effectively by NJ tree. This indicated that the ITS2 sequences were not only able to identify Fritillaria cirrhosa with its partial relative species quickly and accurately, but also clarify the relationship between different Fritillaria species. Therefore, it provided an important theoretical foundation for the development of molecular markers, effective protection, and rational development and utilization of Fritillaria resources.

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