Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 144
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907881

ABSTRACT

Alstr?m syndrome is a rare multisystem genetic disease caused by mutations in the ALMS1 gene.Both of its clinical diagnosis and treatment are very difficult.In 2020, the Consensus Clinical Management Guidelines for Alstr?m Syndrome, developed with the participation of many countries, was published in the Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases.A systematic literature review on Alstr?m syndrome of the last 45 years until October 2019 was carried out and then the clinical management guideline for Alstr?m syndrome was proposed.In this report, the contents of the 2020 European guideline for Alstr?m syndrome would be introduced briefly with appropriate interpretation in order to provide reference.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907532

ABSTRACT

The biological role of N 6-methyladenine (m 6A) methylation modification has been gradually identified, and it has shown increasing value in tumor. In recent years, with the accumulated explore of epigenetics in RNA modification, many studies have reported that m 6A methylation modification contributes to development and progression of lung cancer. m 6A-related modified regulator has potential application value as a clinical target for diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888655

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the protective effects of Shexiang Tongxin Dropping Pill (, STDP) following sodium laurate-induced coronary microembolization (CME) in rats.@*METHODS@#Forty rats were divided into 4 groups: the control (sham) group, CME group, low-dose STDP pretreatment group (20 mg·kg@*RESULTS@#The rats in the CME group showed a significant increase in the fibrinogen-like protein 2 expression level and mitochondrial dysfunction and a decrease in the expression level of antioxidant biomarkers (superoxide dismutase and catalase, P<0.01 for all). In contrast, the rats in the low- and high-dose STDP pretreatment groups showed a significant decrease in coronary microthrombi (P<0.05); moreover, STDP restored the antioxidant-related protein activities and mitochondrial function, inhibited mPTP opening, decreased AKT-Ser473 phosphorylation, and increased GSK3β-Ser9 phosphorylation (P<0.05 or P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#STDP may be useful for treatment of CME, possibly via regulation of mPTP opening and AKT/GSK3β phosphorylation.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882219

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a comet test method for detection of genotoxicity of three reference chemicals in rat liver cells. Methods:6-10 week old Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into 4 groups, with normal saline (0.9% NaCl solution) as negative control group. Animals in three test groups were treated, respectively, with ethyl methanesulfonate (EMS) 200 mg/kg, N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU) 50 mg/kg, and D-mannitol 2 000 mg/kg. There were 10 animals in each group, 5 males and 5 females. The animals received two times (21 h interval) of test compounds through intragastric administration, and their clinical symptoms and body weight changes were recorded during the experiment. The rats were sacrificed 3 h after the last exposure. The liver was weighed, then used to prepare single-cell suspensions for the alkaline comet test which determines the average tail DNA content percentage (DNA%) of hepatocytes and other comet indicators. Results:(1) D-mannitol, EMS and MNU did not show significant toxicity in the whole animal. (2) The mean values of tail DNA content percentage (DNA%) of rat hepatocytes in EMS [(60.07±24.69)%] and MNU [(41.66±22.35)%] groups were higher than that in the negative control group [(2.32±1.39)%] and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The difference between D-mannitol group [(3.06±3.30)%] and the negative control group was not significant (P>0.05). Conclusion:This laboratory has established a comet test method using hepatocytes from treated rats. Among three testing chemicals, EMS and MNU have displayed genotoxicity by this assay, but no genotoxicity was observed in D-mannitol treated animals.

5.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 88-93, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885734

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of esophagogastric junction contractile index (EGJ-CI) in distinguishing patients with refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease (RGERD) from functional heartburn (FH).Methods:From March 2014 to January 2018, 82 patients with proton pump inhibitor (PPI) refractory heartburn and/or regurgitation, who visited the Outpatient Department of Gastroenterology at The First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University were enrolled, among them 50 patients with RGERD (RGERD group) and 32 patients with FH (FH group). EGJ-CI of RGERD group and FH group were compared. The sensitivity and specificity of EGJ-CI to distinguish RGERD from FH patients. The correlation between EGJ-CI and high resolution esophageal manometry parameters, baseline impedance level and 24 h impedance-pH monitoring parameters were analyzed. Mann-Whitney U test, receiver operator characteristic curve analysis and Spearman correlation analysis were used for statistical analysis. Results:The EGJ-CI of RGERD group was lower than that of FH group (25.8 mmHg·cm (14.1 mmHg·cm, 35.9 mmHg·cm)(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) vs. 39.2 mmHg·cm (23.0 mmHg·cm, 60.8 mmHg·cm)), and the difference was statistically significant ( Z=-2.833, P=0.005). When the cut-off value of EGJ-CI was 35.8 mmHg·cm, the sensitivity and specificity to distinguish RGERD from FH were 76.0% and 62.5%, respectively; area under the curve was 0.69 (95% CI 0.57 to 0.81). EGJ-CI was positively correlated with lower sphincter resting pressure, integrated relaxation pressure, distal contractile integral, distal esophageal pressure, and mean nocturnal baseline impedance ( r=0.812, 0.631, 0.451, 0.490 and 0.401, all P<0.01). EGJ-CI was negatively correlated with DeMeester score, acid exposure time, total reflux episodes, acid reflux episodes, long reflux episodes and longest reflux time ( r=-0.363, -0.372, -0.346, -0.318, -0.300 and -0.291, all P<0.01). Conclusions:EGJ-CI can help to distinguish patients with FH from RGERD.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885118

ABSTRACT

The clinical data of a case of diabetic ketoacidosis with FOXP3 mutation identified by genetic test were collected and summarized. The follow-up results and clinical characteristics of 18 months after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation were analyzed. The male patient was 3 years and 5 months old. At the age of 5 months, the patient was diagnosed as diabetic ketoacidosis due to mental malaise and vomiting, followed by severe diarrhea, repeated eczema, and nephrotic syndrome, which was confirmed as IPEX syndrome due to FOXP3 gene mutation by genetic test. In August 2018, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation was carried out in the Hematology Department of our hospital. During 18 months of follow-up, the patients′ autoimmune status was ameliorated, no new autoimmune diseases appeared, the blood glucose control was significantly improved, and the insulin dosage was significantly reduced.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873564

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of metabolic syndrome on the fertility and reproduction in model animals. Methods The model of"high fat diet for spontaneously hypertensive rats(SHR)"was adopted to construct the model of metabolic syndrome in rats. The metabolic syndrome model rats were used to mate with male and female 1 : 1 cage, and the mating cycle was 2 weeks. Results After the SHR rats were fed a high-fat diet for 10 weeks, 16 males and 15 females met the screening criteria for metabolic syndrome, with the modeling rates of 40% and 37.5%, respectively. In addition to the abnormal metabolism-related indicators(such as blood glucose, blood lipid and blood pressure), the male rats with metabolic syndrome mainly had decreased sperm motility(P < 0.05), increased sperm malformation rate(P < 0.01), and decreased mating rate(P < 0.05). In addition to abnormal metabolism-related indicators, the conception rate and the live fetal rate of the female rats with metabolic syndrome were slightly lower than that of the control group; however, there was no statistical difference. The mean birth weight of the litter was significantly lower than that of the control group(P < 0.05). Conclusion According to the whole process from mating to natural production, metabolic syndrome is determined to have a significant effect on the fertility and reproductive ability of rats.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879585

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical and genetic characteristics of a child with frontometaphyseal dysplasia 1 (FMD1) due to variant of FLNA gene.@*METHODS@#Clinical phenotype of the patient was analyzed. Whole exome sequencing (WES) was carried out to detect pathogenic genetic variants. Sanger sequencing was used to verify the result in his parents.@*RESULTS@#The 2-year-and-9-month-old boy presented with facial dysmorphism (supraorbital hyperostosis, down-slanting palpebral fissure and ocular hypertelorism), skeletal deformities (bowed lower limbs, right genu valgum, left genu varus, slight deformity of index and middle fingers, and flexion contracture of little fingers). He also had limited left elbow movement. High-throughput sequencing revealed that he has carried a de novo heterogeneous c.3527G>A (p.Gly1176Glu) missense variant of the FLNA gene. The same variant was found in neither parent.@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical manifestations of FMD1 such as joint contracture and bone dysplasia can occur in infancy and deteriorate with age, and require long-term follow-up and treatment. Above finding has expanded the spectrum of FLNA gene variants.


Subject(s)
Child , Filamins/genetics , Forehead/abnormalities , Humans , Infant , Male , Osteochondrodysplasias/genetics , Phenotype , Whole Exome Sequencing
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879534

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for 7 patients with Alström syndrome.@*METHODS@#DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples of the patients and their parents. Whole exome sequencing was carried out for the patients. Suspected variant was verified by Sanger sequencing and bioinformatic analysis.@*RESULTS@#Genetic testing revealed 12 variants of the ALMS1 gene among the 7 patients, including 7 nonsense and 5 frameshift variants, which included c.5418delC (p.Tyr1807Thrfs*23), c.10549C>T (p.Gln3517*), c.9145dupC (p.Thr3049Asnfs*12), c.10819C>T (p.Arg3607*), c.5701_5704delGAGA (p.Glu1901Argfs*18), c.9154_9155delCT (p.Cys3053Serfs*9), c.9460delG (p.Val3154*), c.9379C>T (p.Gln3127*), c.12115C>T (p.Gln4039*), c.1468dupA (p.Thr490Asnfs*15), c.10825C>T (p.Arg3609*) and c.3902C>A (p.Ser1301*). Among these, c.9154_ 9155delCT, c.9460delG, c.9379C>T, and c.1468dupA were unreported previously. Based on the standards and guidelines of American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, the c.9379C>T and c.12115C>T variants of the ALMS1 gene were predicted to be likely pathogenic (PVS1+PM2), whilst the other 10 variants were predicted to be pathogenic (PVS1+ PM2+ PP3+PP4).@*CONCLUSION@#ALMS1 variants probably underlay the Alström syndrome in the 7 patients, and genetic testing can provide a basis for the clinical diagnosis of this syndrome. The discovery of four novel variants has expanded the mutational spectrum of Alström syndrome.


Subject(s)
Alstrom Syndrome/genetics , Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics , Humans , Mutation , Pedigree , Whole Exome Sequencing
10.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833863

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#It is known that post-reflux swallow-induced peristaltic wave (PSPW) index represents the chemical clearance of the esophagus. However, few studies have explored why some reflux episodes could induce PSPW while others in the same patient could not. The purpose of this study is to investigate the characteristics of reflux episodes which could elicit PSPW. @*Methods@#In this study, 269 reflux episodes were detected, of which 90 with a PSPW and 179 without a PSPW. Comparisons were made between the characteristics of reflux episodes with a PSPW and without a PSPW. The characteristics were including nadir pH, pH drop, proximal extent (cm, sec), ascending velocity (cm/sec), volume clearance time, acid clearance time, percentage acidic (%), 15 to 60-minute acid burden (seconds), and 15- to 60-minute volume burden (seconds). The characteristics between the 2 groups were compared through performing Wilcoxon signed rank test. @*Results@#Reflux episodes followed by a PSPW were significantly associated with a higher proximal extent than those without a PSPW. After the reflux episodes, higher volume clearance time and larger volume burden were more likely to trigger a PSPW. However, there were no significant differences between the 2 groups in nadir pH, pH drop, ascending velocity, acid clearance time, percentage acidic, or acid burden. @*Conclusions@#The role of acid seems to be less important in a reflux episode inducing a PSPW. Proximal reflux episodes are more likely to induce a PSPW. The depression of volume clearance may also be an important factor in eliciting a PSPW.

11.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 543-549, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870984

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression and role of the tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) induced protein 8 like-1 (TIPE1) in acute kidney injury (AKI) induced by cisplatin in animal model and cells.Methods:Twelve male C57BL/6 mice aged 6-8 weeks were randomly divided into the control group and the model group. Mice in the model group received a single intraperitoneal injection of 20 mg/kg of cisplatin (20 mg/kg saline in the control group). All mice were euthanized after 5 days. Meanwhile, serum and kidney samples were collected. The levels of serum creatinine (Scr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) were detected by biochemical kits. Renal histopathological changes in mice were observed by HE staining. The expression of TIPE1 in kidney was examined using immunohistochemistry. qRT-PCR was used for testing the relative expression of TIPE1 mRNA in mice kidney. Western blotting was used for testing TIPE1 and NGAL protein relative expression in mice kidney. Human kidney proximal tubular cells (HK-2) were stimulated with 20 μmol/L cisplatin for 0, 6, 12 and 24 h to establish cisplatin-induced AKI cell model. The expressions of TIPE1 mRNA and protein were detected by qRT-PCR and Western blotting in HK-2 cells. The expression of TIPE1 gene in HK-2 cells was silenced by lentivirus containing TIPE1 siRNA sequence. Then, TIPE1 stable knockout HK-2 cell strains were treated with 20 μmol/L of cisplatin for 24 hours. The protein expression of tubular damage marker neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) and Beclin1 in HK-2 cells were detected by Western blotting. Results:Compared with the control group, the expressions of TIPE1 mRNA and protein were up-regulated and NGAL protein expression was increased significantly in renal tissue of the model group (all P<0.05). The expressions of TIPE1 mRNA and protein were remarkably increased with the prolongation of cisplatin treatment in HK-2 cells (both P<0.05). Compared with the scramble siRNA group, the protein expressions of NGAL, LC3-Ⅱ and Beclin1 were increased significantly in the TIPE1 siRNA group after lentivirus interfered with the expression of TIPE1 gene in HK-2 cells (all P<0.05). Conclusions:The mRNA and protein expressions of TIPE1 are increased in acute kidney injury models. Gene silencing of TIPE1 can promote the expressions of early renal tubular damage marker and autophagy-related proteins, which indicates the excessive autophagy aggravates renal tubular injury. It is suggested that TIPE1 may be involved in the pathogenesis of acute kidney injury.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799265

ABSTRACT

Alstrom syndrome(ALMS)is a rare autosomal recessive disorder involving multiple systems.The main clinical manifestations include nystagmus, hearing loss, obesity, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, dilated cardiomyopathy, etc.Primary cilia are key organelles.ALMS is classified as a ciliopathy, mainly related to the mutation of ALMS1 gene which affects cilia function, but the specific mechanism remains unclear.At present, the diagnosis of ALMS mainly relies on clinical manifestations and gene sequencing.There are no specific and effective treatment methods except for symptomatic treatment, but early diagnosis and intervention can delay disease progression and improve patients′ quality of life.This article reviews recent advances in the pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of ALMS.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2736-2745, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-837525

ABSTRACT

italic>Bulbophyllum orchids are popular for its ornamental appearance and great medicinal values. However, there is still a lack of research on phylogenetic relationship and species identification for this genus. In this study, the plastome sequences of three medicinal Bulbophyllum orchids (Bulbophyllum affine, Bulbophyllum pectinatum, Bulbophyllum funingense) were sequenced and analyzed. After assembly and annotation, it was found that the plastomes of Bulbophyllum plants encoded a total of 108 genes, including 74 protein-coding genes, 30 tRNA genes and 4 rRNA genes. Based on the analysis of mVISTA and comparison between junctions, it was found that the plastome structure of Bulbophyllum orchids was relatively conserved, and the variation mainly existed in the non-coding regions. Phylogenetic analysis showed that Bulbophyllum orchids were closely related to Dendrobium orchids. SSR analysis of Bulbophyllum showed that most SSRs were located in the intergenic spacer and had the most single nucleotide repeats. In addition, based on the comparative analysis of non-coding sequences, a total of 10 high-variability sequences were screened out, among which the combination of five non-coding region sequences, including psbI-trnS, psbC-trnS, clpP-ex1-psbB, psaJ-rpl33, rpl33-rps18, had the highest sequence variability and could be used in the species identification study of medicinal plants of Bulbophyllum. In conclusion, this study provides a theoretical basis for phylogenetic relationship and species identification of Bulbophyllum orchids through the comparative analysis of plastome sequences of three medicinal plants of the genus Bulbophyllum.

14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 682-689, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878000

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Although a variety of risk factors of pneumonia after clipping or coiling of the aneurysm (post-operative pneumonia [POP]) in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) have been studied, the predictive model of POP after aSAH has still not been well established. Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of using admission neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) to predict the occurrence of POP in aSAH patients.@*METHODS@#We evaluated 711 aSAH patients who were enrolled in a prospective observational study and collected admission blood cell counts data. We analyzed available demographics and baseline variables for these patients and analyzed the correlation of these factors with POP using Cox regression. After screening out the prognosis-related factors, the predictive value of these factors for POP was further assessed.@*RESULTS@#POP occurred in 219 patients (30.4%) in this cohort. Patients with POP had significantly higher NLR than those without (14.11 ± 8.90 vs. 8.80 ± 5.82, P 10 had significantly worse POP survival rate than patients having NLR ≤10. NLR at admission might be helpful as a predictor of POP in aSAH patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphocytes , Neutrophils , Pneumonia/etiology , Prognosis , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828571

ABSTRACT

Chinese scientists have been actively engaged in biotechnology research since the mid-20th century. However, biotechnology education, especially biomedical laboratory technology education, is relatively scarce in China. More and more cutting-edge equipment and techniques have been introduced into biomedical laboratories in China, but there is a lack of high-quality technicians to apply these advancements to scientific research. In addition, the traditional education and apprenticeship systems have been demonstrated little progress. To address this gap, West China Hospital of Sichuan University established a 2-year educational program for laboratory technology in 2006 based on the residency training program. The project integrates scientific methods into the research laboratory technician training in relevant disciplines, and has developed a systematic, scientific, and effective standardized training system to cultivate high-level and stable experimental technician team for the need of advanced laboratories, which has been demonstrated greatly improve the efficiency of biomedical researchers and laboratory facilities. In this article, we introduce the practical experience in establishment and development of a standardized training system for biomedical laboratory technicians to ensure the sustainable development of medical researches.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827753

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical characteristics and genetic basis for an infant featuring combined pituitary hormone deficiency.@*METHODS@#Clinical data and results of DNA sequencing of the child were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The 10-month-old male infant presented with recurrent hypoglycemia, extremely poor appetite and constipation, and severe growth retardation from 2 months on, in addition with pituitary hormone deficiency involving growth hormone, thyroid stimulating hormone, and prolactin. Next generation sequencing revealed a novel heterozygous c.767-769del (p.Glu256del) variant of the POU1F1 gene in the patient.@*CONCLUSION@#The patient was diagnosed with combined pituitary hormone deficiency due to the POU1F1 gene variant, for which replacement therapy including thyroxine and growth hormone was provided. Hypoglycemia is unusual in patients carrying POU1F1 gene variants and requires close attention in clinical practice. For children with multiple pituitary hormone deficiency, genetic testing should be recommended to determine the cause.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805838

ABSTRACT

Liquid biopsy is a kind of emerging pathological detection technique, which has shown certain value in the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer. Detections of circulating tumor cells, circulating tumor DNA, DNA methylation, microRNA, exosomes and tumor educated platelets in patients′ body fluids can be used for the early diagnosis and predicting the progress of lung cancer. At recent, the application of liquid biopsy still has some shortcomings. However, with the continuous development of detection technology, it may become an effective auxiliary or alternative method for imaging examination such as CT in the near future, and will provide a new direction for the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 197-203, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780106

ABSTRACT

The quality of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is the lifeline for TCM industry. The development of artificial intelligence (AI) has provided new means for the quality management of Chinese medicinal materials (CMM). In this paper, we take the quality marker (Q-marker) as a breakthrough point, focused on the research strategy from chemical markers to Q-markers, picked up the characteristics of the Q-markers from the near infrared spectrum (NIRS), and explored the feasibility of establishing the NIRS assay based on Q-marker. After integrated the biological activity detection and artificial neural network algorithm, we try to establish the relationship between the spectral properties of NIRS and specific efficacy of the CMM. Finally, the bottlenecks will be solved that related to the transmission and traceability of quality attributes in the process of TCM production, quantity change, overall quality management and so on. This system is going to improve TCM quantity scientific and intelligent supervision, and promote the upgrading of traditional TCM industry.

19.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 996-1010, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776457

ABSTRACT

An in vitro blood-brain barrier (BBB) model is critical for enabling rapid screening of the BBB permeability of the drugs targeting on the central nervous system. Though many models have been developed, their reproducibility and renewability remain a challenge. Furthermore, drug transport data from many of the models do not correlate well with the data for in vivo BBB drug transport. Induced-pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) technology provides reproducible cell resources for in vitro BBB modeling. Here, we generated a human in vitro BBB model by differentiating the human iPSC (hiPSC) line GM25256 into brain endothelial-type cells. The model displayed BBB characteristics including tight junction proteins (ZO-1, claudin-5, and occludin) and endothelial markers (von Willebrand factor and Ulex), as well as high trans-endothelial electrical resistance (TEER) (1560 Ω.cm ± 230 Ω.cm) and γ-GTPase activity. Co-culture with primary rat astrocytes significantly increased the TEER of the model (2970 Ω.cm to 4185 Ω.cm). RNAseq analysis confirmed the expression of key BBB-related genes in the hiPSC-derived endothelial cells in comparison with primary human brain microvascular endothelial cells, including P-glycoprotein (Pgp) and breast cancer resistant protein (BCRP). Drug transport assays for nine CNS compounds showed that the permeability of non-Pgp/BCRP and Pgp/BCRP substrates across the model was strongly correlated with rodent in situ brain perfusion data for these compounds (R = 0.982 and R = 0.9973, respectively), demonstrating the functionality of the drug transporters in the model. Thus, this model may be used to rapidly screen CNS compounds, to predict the in vivo BBB permeability of these compounds and to study the biology of the BBB.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-850723

ABSTRACT

To reveal the medication patterns of Chinese patent medicine in the treatment of cough based on the analysis of the patent status of Chinese materia medica (CMM) in the field of cough control in nearly 20 years. Patents of Chinese patent medicine in the treatment of cough were systematically searched in SIPO Platform and CNKI, association analysis and network analysis of high-frequency medicines were used to reveal the medication patterns of Chinese patent medicine in the treatment of cough with software Clementine 12.0. The results showed that Chinese medicine with highest frequency in 316 formulas was Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, the other Chinese herbs with higher frequency were Platycodonis Radix, Ephedrae Herba, Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium, Pinelliae Rhizoma, etc. The main categories were the medicines used to treat cough and asthma, as well as to reduce phlegm. The commonly used herbal pairs were Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Platycodonis Radix, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma-Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium, Pinelliae Rhizoma-Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Ephedrae Herba-Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, etc. It was concluded that the medication patterns of Chinese patent medicine in the treatment of cough can be revealed based on the analysis of the herbal frequency, herbal pairs, association rules, and the network of high-frequency medicines and the theory of traditional Chinese medicine, so as to provide reference evidences for clinical medication.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL