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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920744

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the differentially expressed proteins in different liver tissues in the mouse model of alveolar echinococcosis using high-resolution mass spectrometry with data independent acquisition (DIA), and to identify the key proteins contributing to the pathogenesis of alveolar echinococcosis. Methods Protoscoleces were isolated from Microtus fuscus with alveolar echinococcosis and the experimental model of alveolar echinococcosis was established in female Kunming mice aged 6 to 8 weeks by infection with Echinococcus multilocularis protoscoleces. Mice were divided into the experimental and control groups, and animals in the experimental group was injected with approximately 3 000 protoscoleces, while mice in the control group were injected with the same volume of physiological saline. Mouse liver specimens were sampled from both groups one year post-infection and subjected to pathological examinations. In addition, the lesions (the lesion group) and peri-lesion specimens (the peri-lesion group) were sampled from the liver of mice in the experimental group and the normal liver specimens (the normal group) were sampled from mice in the control group for DIA proteomics analysis, and the differentially expressed proteins were subjected to bioinformatics analysis. Results A total of 1 020 differentially expressed proteins were identified between the lesion group and the normal group, including 671 up-regulated proteins and 349 down-regulated proteins, and 495 differentially expressed proteins were identified between the peri-lesion group and the normal group, including 327 up-regulated proteins and 168 down-regulated proteins. The Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis revealed that these differentially expressed proteins were involved in peroxisome, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) and fatty acid degradation pathways, and the peroxisome and PPAR signaling pathways were found to correlate with liver injury. Several differentially expressed proteins that may contribute to the pathogenesis of alveolar echinococcosis were identified in these two pathways, including fatty acid binding protein 1 (Fabp1), Acyl-CoA synthetase long chain family member 1 (Acsl1), Acyl-CoA oxidase 1 (Acox1), Enoyl-CoA hydratase and 3-hydroxyacyl CoA dehydrogenase (Ehhadh) and Acetyl-Coenzyme A acyltransferase 1B (Acaa1b), which were down-regulated in mice in the experimental group. Conclusion A large number of differentially expressed proteins are identified in the liver of the mouse model of alveolar echinococcosis, and Fabp1, Acsl1, Acox1, Ehhadh and Acaa1b may contribute to the pathogenesis of alveolar echinococcosis.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928599

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the application value of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) in children with severe infectious diseases.@*METHODS@#An analysis was performed on the clinical data and laboratory test results of 29 children with severe infection who were admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from June 2018 to December 2020. Conventional pathogen culture was performed for the 29 specimens (27 peripheral blood specimens and 2 pleural effusion specimens) from the 29 children, and mNGS pathogen detection was performed at the same time.@*RESULTS@#Among the 29 children, 2 tested positive by conventional pathogen culture with 2 strains of pathogen, and the detection rate was 7% (2/29); however, 20 children tested positive by mNGS with 38 strains of pathogen, and the detection rate was 69% (20/29). The pathogen detection rate of mNGS was significantly higher than that of conventional pathogen culture (P<0.05), and mNGS could detect the viruses, fungi, and other special pathogens that conventional pathogen culture failed to detect, such as Orientia tsutsugamushi. The univariate analysis showed that gender, routine blood test results, C-reactive protein, procalcitonin, D-dimer, radiological findings, and whether antibiotics were used before admission did not affect the results of mNGS (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with conventional pathogen culture, mNGS is more sensitive for pathogen detection, with fewer interference factors. Therefore, it is a better pathogenic diagnosis method for severe infectious diseases in children.


Subject(s)
Anti-Bacterial Agents , Child , Communicable Diseases , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing/methods , Humans , Metagenomics/methods , Sensitivity and Specificity
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927627

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The association between neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) with subclinical macrovascular and microvascular diseases has been less investigated. We sought to examine the association between NLR and new-onset subclinical macrovascular and microvascular abnormalities in the Chinese population.@*METHODS@#From a community cohort, we included 6,430 adults aged ≥ 40 years without subclinical macrovascular and microvascular diseases at baseline. We measured subclinical macrovascular and microvascular abnormalities separately using the ankle-brachial index (ABI), brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), and albuminuria.@*RESULTS@#During a mean follow-up of 4.3 years, 110 participants developed incident abnormal ABI, 746 participants developed incident elevated baPWV, and 503 participants developed incident albuminuria. Poisson regression analysis indicated that NLR was significantly associated with an increased risk of new-onset abnormal ABI, elevated baPWV, and albuminuria. Compared to overweight/obese participants, we found a much stronger association between NLR and subclinical vascular abnormalities in participants with normal weight. Furthermore, we found an interaction between the NLR and body mass index (BMI) on the risk of new-onset abnormal ABI ( P for interaction: 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#NLR was associated with subclinical macrovascular and microvascular diseases in the Chinese population. Furthermore, in participants with normal weight, the association between NLR and subclinical vascular abnormalities was much stronger.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Ankle Brachial Index , Body Mass Index , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Female , Humans , Incidence , Lymphocytes/cytology , Male , Middle Aged , Neutrophils/cytology , Poisson Distribution , Prospective Studies , Vascular Diseases/etiology
4.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 389-398, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927127

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Cerebral ischemia is related to insufficient blood supply and is characterized by abnormal reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and cell apoptosis. Previous studies have revealed a key role for basic helix-loop-helix family member e40 (Bhlhe40) in oxidative stress and cell apoptosis. This study aimed to investigate the roles of miR-494-3p in cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. @*Materials and Methods@#A mouse middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO/R) model was established to mimic cerebral ischemia in vivo. Brain infarct area was assessed using triphenyl tetrazolium chloride staining. Oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) operation was adopted to mimic neuronal injury in vitro. Cell apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry. The relationship between miR-494-3p and Bhlhe40 was validated by luciferase reporter and RNA immunoprecipitation assays. @*Results@#Bhlhe40 expression was downregulated both in MCAO/R animal models and OGD/R-induced SH-SY5Y cells. Bhlhe40 overexpression inhibited cell apoptosis and reduced ROS production in SH-SY5Y cells after OGD/R treatment. MiR-494-3p was verified to bind to Bhlhe40 and negatively regulate Bhlhe40 expression. Additionally, cell apoptosis and ROS production in OGD/ R-treated SH-SY5Y cells were accelerated by miR-494-3p overexpression. Rescue experiments suggested that Bhlhe40 could reverse the effects of miR-494-3p overexpression on ROS production and cell apoptosis. @*Conclusion@#MiR-494-3p exacerbates brain injury and neuronal injury by regulating Bhlhe40 after I/R.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876146

ABSTRACT

@#In most mammalian central nervous system diseases, axons are damaged.Due to the limited ability of damaged neurons to promote axonal regeneration, the formation of glial scar and the release of inhibitory nutrients, it is difficult to regenerate axons of damaged neurons. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of cerebroprotein hydrolysate for injection (II) (CBL) on neuritogenesis and its underlying mechanism. Immunofluorescence staining was used to detect the axon length of mouse neuroma cells (Neuro-2a) and mouse primary cortical neuronal cells. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of phosphorylated TrkB protein in Neuro-2a cells and mouse primary cortical neuronal cells. The results showed that CBL could increase the axon length of Neuro-2a cells or mouse primary cortical neuronal cells, and that the phosphorylation level of TrkB in neuronal cells was significantly increased when 5 μg/mL CBL was applied to neuronal cells for 1 h. In conclusion, CBL can promote neuritogenesis, and increase the expression of phosphorylated TrkB, which may be related to the activation of TrkB signaling pathway.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875835

ABSTRACT

@#[Abstract] Objective: To analyze the expression level of miR-224 in cancer tissues and plasma of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients, and its correlation with clinicopathological characteristics, diagnosis and prognosis of HCC patients, and to further analyze its mechanism of action in the occurrence and development of liver cancer through bioinformatics analysis and in vitro experiments. Methods: The expression level of miR-224 in HCC tissues and normal tissues was analyzed using large sample data from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO). qPCR method was used to verify the expression level of miR-224 in the tumor tissues and corresponding adjacent tissues that surgically resected from 80 HCC patients in Hebei Provincial People ’s Hospital from January 2017 to January 2020; in addition, the miR-224 level was also examined in plasma samples from 30 HCC patients. The Kaplan-Meier plotter database was used to analyze the correlation between the miR-224 expression and the overall survival time of HCC patients. The biological processes and signal pathways involving miR-224 were analyzed using bioinformatics tools. Hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells were transfected with miR-224 inhibitor, and then Clone formation experiment, Transwell chamber experiment, qPCR and WB methods were used to detect the effect of miR-224 knockdown on the proliferation and invasion of HepG2 cells and the expression level of EMT-related molecules. Results: The results of GEO database analysis showed that the expression level of miR-224 in HCC tissues was significantly higher than that in normal tissues. The results of clinical specimen verification showed that the expression level of miR-224 in the tumor tissues and plasma of HCC patients was significantly higher than that in the corresponding adjacent tissues and plasma from healthy controls (all P<0.01). The expression level of miR-224 was significantly correlated with the TNM stage, lymph node metastasis status and tumor size of HCC patients (P<0.05 or P<0.01). ROC analysis indicated that miR-224 showed a prominent diagnostic value in liver cancer, and the increased expression level of miR-224 was significantly related to the poor prognosis of HCC patients (P<0.05). Functional enrichment analysis revealed that miR-224 was mainly involved in the mTOR signaling pathway, AGE-RAGE signaling pathway, Rap1 signaling pathway, Ras signaling pathway, ErbB signaling pathway, HIF-1 signaling pathway and p53 signaling pathway and other signaling pathways related to tumor occurrence and development. Knockdown of miR-224 could significantly inhibit the colony formation and invasion of HepG2 cells and affect the expression of EMT-related markers (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusion: miR-224 is highly expressed in HCC tissues and plasma and is significantly related to the poor prognosis of HCC patients. Knockdown of miR-224 expression can inhibit the colony formation, invasion and EMT process of liver cancer HepG2 cells.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 570-576, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873779

ABSTRACT

Four salts of ticagrelor, ticagrelor-3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid, ticagrelor-pyrazinamide, ticagrelor-D-proline and ticagrelor-L-proline were prepared by solvent suspension and liquid-assisted grinding to improve the solubility of ticagrelor. The compounds were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, elemental analysis, and the intermolecular salt-bonding forces were analyzed. The equilibrium solubility of salts and pure drug in hydrochloride buffer pH 1.2 and phosphate buffer pH 6.8 were measured by high-performance liquid chromatography. Ticagrelor was salted with 3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid, pyrazinamide, D-proline, L-proline all in a stoichiometric ratio of 1∶1; with the exception of ticagrelor-D-proline, the solubility of the other three salts provided significantly improved solubility in hydrochloride buffer pH 1.2, and the equilibrium solubility of ticagrelor-3,5-dinitrobenzoic acid was increased by approximately 1.7 folds as compared to pure drug. Salt-forming technology is convenient and can improve the solubility of ticagrelor.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877603

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of ginger-separated moxibustion on fatigue state and intestinal flora in patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS).@*METHODS@#A total of 62 patients with CFS were randomly divided into an observation group (31 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a control group (31 cases, 2 cases dropped off). The patients in the control group were treated with normal diet and moderate exercise; on the basis of the control group, the patients in the observation group were treated with ginger-separated moxibustion at Zhongwan (CV 12), Shenque (CV 8) and Guanyuan (CV 4), 30 min each time, once every other day, three times a week. Both groups were intervened for 4 weeks. Before and after treatment, the fatigue scale-14 (FS-14) was used to observe the improvement of fatigue state, and 16S rRNA detection technology was used to detect the distribution of intestinal flora.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the FS-14 score was reduced after treatment in the observation group (@*CONCLUSION@#The ginger-separated moxibustion could significantly improve the fatigue state in CFS patients, which may be related to the regulation of intestinal flora structure and the repair of intestinal barrier.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Fatigue Syndrome, Chronic/therapy , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Ginger , Humans , Moxibustion , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907915

ABSTRACT

Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a hereditary and multisystemic disease, caused by mutations in the TSC1 or TSC2 gene, with an incidence of about 1/14 000 to 1/6 000.The neurological manifestations of TSC often include epilepsy, developmental delay, mental disorders and loss of neurological function.Among them, epilepsy is the most common manifestation, with an incidence of 80%-90%, 55%-62% of which is drug-resistant epilepsy.Epilepsy in TSC severely affects the clinical prognosis and life quality of patients.At present, epilepsy in TSC can be treated with the inhibitors of mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR), antiepileptic drugs, ketogenic diet(KD), neuromodulation, palliative or resection operation.Although the exact mechanism of KD in the treatment of epilepsy in TSC is not clearly elucidated yet, it has been demonstrated in some studies that it is related to the inhibition of mTOR signaling pathway and other multiple mechanisms.Meanwhile, the safety and efficacy of KD therapy have been proven in many clinical studies.Therefore, KD is recommended for the treatment of epilepsy in TSC, especially when epilepsy is resis-tant to antiepileptic drugs, is not indicated for surgery or the surgery is ineffective.The research progress of the mechanism and clinical efficacy of KD therapy for epilepsy in TSC would be reviewed in this paper.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921329

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to examine the association of visit-to-visit variabilities in metabolic factors with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Shanghai community residents.@*Methods@#We used data from a cohort study of community residents who participated in three examinations in 2008, 2009, and 2013, respectively. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) level, blood pressure (BP), and lipid levels were determined in 2,109 participants at all three visits, and CKD was evaluated between the second and the third visits. Visit-to-visit variabilities in metabolic factors were described by coefficients of variation (CV) at three visits. A variability score was calculated by adding the numbers of metabolic factors with a high variability defined as the highest quartile of CV. CKD was defined as the estimated glomerular filtration rate < 60 mL/min per 1.73 m @*Results@#A total of 200 (9.5%) participants had CKD at the third visit. Compared with the lowest quartile of CV, the highest quartile was associated with a 70% increased risk of CKD for FPG [odds ratio, @*Conclusion@#The visit-to-visit variabilities in metabolic factors were significantly associated with the risks of CKD in Shanghai community residents.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Female , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Humans , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology
11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2398-2402, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921130

ABSTRACT

The demand for acquiring different languages has increased with increasing globalization. However, knowledge of the modification of the new language in the neural language network remains insufficient. Although many details of language function have been detected based on the awake intra-operative mapping results, the language neural network of the bilingual or multilingual remains unclear, which raises difficulties in clinical practice to preserve patients' full language ability in neurosurgery. In this review, we present a summary of the current findings regarding the structure of the language network and its evolution as the number of acquired languages increased in glioma patients. We then discuss a new insight into the awake intra-operative mapping protocol to reduce surgical risks during the preservation of language function in multilingual patients with glioma.


Subject(s)
Brain Mapping , Brain Neoplasms/surgery , Glioma/surgery , Humans , Language , Multilingualism
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888476

ABSTRACT

Gene editing is an advanced technique based on artificial nucleases and can precisely modify genome sequences. It has shown great application prospects in the field of medicine and has provided a new precision therapy for diseases. Primary immunodeficiency disease is a group of diseases caused by single gene mutation and characterized by recurrent and refractory infections, with an extremely high mortality rate. The application of gene editing has brought hope for curing these diseases. This article reviews the development of gene editing technology and briefly introduces the research and application of gene editing technology in primary immunodeficiency disease.


Subject(s)
Gene Editing , Humans , Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888018

ABSTRACT

Puerarin has the anti-Alzheimer's disease (AD) activity,which can reverse nerve injury induced by Aβand inhibit neuronal apoptosis.However,its potential pharmacodynamic mechanism still needs to be further researched.The occurrence and development of AD is due to the change of multiple metabolic links in the body,which leads to the destruction of balance.Puerarin may act on multiple targets and multiple metabolic processes to achieve therapeutic purposes.Quantitative proteomic analysis provides a new choice to understand the mechanism as completely as possible.This research adopted SH-SY5Y cells induced by Aβ_(1-42)to establish AD cell model,and Aβimmunofluorescence detection showed that Aβdecreased significantly after puerarin intervention.The mechanism of puerarin reversing SH-SY5Y cell injured by Aβ_(1-42)was further explored by using label-free non-labeled quantitative technology and Western blot detection based on bioinformatics analysis result.The results showed that most of the differential proteins were related to biological processes such as cellular component organization or biogenesis,cellular component organization and cellular component biogenesis,and they mainly participated in the top ten pathways of P value such as pathogenic Escherichia coli infection,m TOR signaling pathway,regulation of autophagy,regulation of actin cytoskeleton,spliceosome,hepatocellular carcinoma,tight junction,non-small cell lung cancer,apoptosis and gap junction.Annexin V/PI flow cytometry and TUNEL were used to detect apoptosis,and the results showed that Aβdecreased significantly and the rate of apoptosis decreased significantly after puerarin intervention.Western blot analysis found that the protein expression level of autophagy related protein LC3Ⅱwas up-regulated after Aβinduction,and the degree of this up-regulation was further enhanced in puerarin intervention group.The trend of the ratio of LC3Ⅱ/LC3Ⅰamong groups was the same as the protein expression level of LC3Ⅱ,the protein expression level of p62 in the control group,AD model group and puerarin intervention group decreased successively.Protein interaction network analysis showed that CAP1 was correlated with TUBA1B,HSP90AB2P,DNM1L,TUBA1A and ERK1/2,and the correlation between CAP1 and ERK1/2 was the highest among them.Western blot showed that the expressions of p-ERK1/2,Bax and CAP1 were significantly down-regulated and the protein expression level of Bcl-2 was significantly up-regulated after puerarin intervention.Therefore,puerarin might improve the SH-SY5Y cells injured by Aβ_(1-42)through the interaction of multiple biological processes and pathways in cells multiple locations,and CAP1 might play an important role among them.


Subject(s)
Amyloid beta-Peptides , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Isoflavones/pharmacology , Lung Neoplasms , Proteomics
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879865

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically evaluate the association of early nutrition intake with the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD).@*METHODS@#PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Data, and Weipu Periodical Database were searched for the observational studies on the association between early nutrition intake and BPD. RevMan 5.3 software was used to perform a Meta analysis of eligible studies.@*RESULTS@#Eight observational studies were included, with 548 infants with BPD and 522 infants without BPD. The Meta analysis showed that the BPD group had a significantly lower caloric intake than the non-BPD group within the first week after birth and in the first 2 weeks after birth (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early nutrition deficiency may be associated with the development of BPD, and more attention should be paid to enteral feeding of infants at a high risk of BPD to achieve total enteral feeding as soon as possible.


Subject(s)
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/etiology , China , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Malnutrition , Parenteral Nutrition
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878316

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The relationship between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and glycemic indices, including plasma glucose (FPG), 2-hour postload glucose (2h-PG), and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), remains inconclusive. We aimed to explore the associations between glycemic indices and SUA levels in the general Chinese population.@*Methods@#The current study was a cross-sectional analysis using the first follow-up survey data from The China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort Study. A total of 105,922 community-dwelling adults aged ≥ 40 years underwent the oral glucose tolerance test and uric acid assessment. The nonlinear relationships between glycemic indices and SUA levels were explored using generalized additive models.@*Results@#A total of 30,941 men and 62,361 women were eligible for the current analysis. Generalized additive models verified the inverted U-shaped association between glycemic indices and SUA levels, but with different inflection points in men and women. The thresholds for FPG, 2h-PG, and HbA1c for men and women were 6.5/8.0 mmol/L, 11.0/14.0 mmol/L, and 6.1/6.5, respectively (SUA levels increased with increasing glycemic indices before the inflection points and then eventually decreased with further increases in the glycemic indices).@*Conclusion@#An inverted U-shaped association was observed between major glycemic indices and uric acid levels in both sexes, while the inflection points were reached earlier in men than in women.


Subject(s)
Aged , Asians , Blood Glucose/analysis , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/blood , Female , Glucose Tolerance Test , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Glycemic Index , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Uric Acid/blood
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909317

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the changes of nutrition impact symptoms (NIS) and fat-free mass and analyze the relationship between them in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) during radiotherapy.Methods:A convenient sampling method was adopted to select HNC patients who received radiotherapy in the outpatient clinic of department of radiotherapy for head and neck cancer in a cancer hospital in Beijing from March 2017 to January 2020. The nutrition impact symptoms (NIS) were assessed by a nutrition impact symptoms checklist and the fat free mass was assessed by bioelectrical impedance analysis at three time points: before radiotherapy (T1), during radiotherapy (T2) and at the end of radiotherapy (T3). The Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE) was used to analyze the relationship between them.Results:A total of 542 HNC patients were included in the analysis. During radiotherapy, the patients' NIS number and score presented an increasing trend, reaching the highest level and peaked at the end of radiotherapy. The change of fat-free mass showed a decreasing trend and reached the minimum at the end of radiotherapy. Patients with higher NIS scores had more percentage loss of fat-free mass.Conclusions:During radiotherapy, patients with HNC showed an increase in NIS score and lost fat-free mass. Patients with higher NIS score lost more percentage of fat-free mass, which suggested that clinical medical staff should pay attention to NIS management and take comprehensive intervention measures in time to reduce the loss of fat-free mass.

17.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 151-157, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862636

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To construct China ’s Insurance Mode for ADR injury compensation model under marketing authorization holder (MAH)system,and to provide reference for reducing the medical disputes caused by ADR damage and protecting the rights and interests of patients. METHODS :Using the methods of recommendation and “snowball”,the interviewers were invited to conduct semi-structured interviews to obtain qualitative data ,and the results were analyzed by thematic analysis. According to the results of subject analysis ,the ADR injury compensation model was designed from three aspects of insurance type setting,insurance level division and compulsory insurance protection objects ,and the Fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method based on AHP was used to evaluate the model ;questionnaire and multiple factor Logistic regression analysis was adopted to analyze the influential factors of whether drug related institutions were willing to establish ADR injury compensation system. RESULTS:A total of 40 experts were invited and 34 of them completed the interview ,with a response rate of 85.0%. At present , the problems of ADR injury compensation in China mainly included the difficulties of third-party identification and adducing evidence of ADR injury ,the difficulty of timely and fair settlement of medical disputes caused by ADR injury ,the high cost and long time of handling ADR injury disputes ,and the uncertainty of compensation mode. More than half of the experts interviewed agreed with the compensation mode of insurance . The overall score of established model was 89.50. A total of 640 questionnaires were distributed and 559 valid questionnaires were recovered (204 drug manufacturers ,172 drug distributors and 183 medical institutions). The effective rate of the questionnaire was 87.3%. Multiple Logistic regression analysis showed that the factors positively correlated with the approval of establishing ADR injury compensation system after the implementation of MAH system in China included the familiarity of ADR staff in drug manufacturing enterprises with ADR related policies (β=1.697,P<0.05),the types of drugs operated by pharmaceutical companies (β=2.987, P<0.05),the cognitionlevel of medical staff on ADR (β= 2.800,P<0.05). The working years of medical staff were negatively correlated with the approval of establishing ADR injury compensation system after the implementation of MAH system ( β =- 2.544,P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS :ADR injury compensation model designed in this study is feasible. It has reference value for reducing the economic burden of ADR patients , treating patients ’health problems caused by ADR injury in time ,and promoting the development of China ’s drug insurance. Main influential factors for the establishment of ADR injury compensation model under MAH system contain the familiarity of ADR staff in drug manufacturing enterprises with ADR related policies ,the types of drugs operated by pharmaceutical companies ,the cognitionlevel of medical staff on ADR ,the types of drugs operated by pharmaceutical companies ,the cognitionlevel of medical staff on ADR.

18.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-200952

ABSTRACT

Background:Malnutrition is common in patients with cancer, whichadversely affectsthesurvival and quality of life ofcancer patients.However, there is no national data on the prevalence of malnutrition inChinese cancer patients. Thisstudy aims to evaluate the prevalenceof malnutrition and quality of life(QOL)ofChinese patients with localregional, recurrentor metastatic cancer,to address the prognostic value of nutritional status and QOLon the survival of cancer patients in China and to validate the patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA) questionnaire in Chinese cancer patients.Methods:Thisisanobservational,multi-centered,and hospital-based prospective cohort study.We aimed to recruit 50,000 cancer patients (age 18and above)overan 8-year period.Data collection will occur within 48hrafter patientsare admitted to hospital, 30-days after hospital admission, and the follow-up will be conducted1-8years after enrolment. The primary outcomeisoverall survival, and secondaryoutcomes arelength of hospital stay and hospital costs. Factors measured are demographic characteristics, tumor characteristics, anthropometry measurements,hematological measurement, body composition, PG-SGAscores,Karnofsky performance status scores,and QLQ C30 scores. This protocol wasapproved by local ethical committees of all the participant hospitals.Conclusions: This multi-centered, large-scale, long-time follow-up prospective study will help diagnose malnutrition in cancer patients in China, and identify the related risk factors associated with the negative outcomes. The anticipated results will highlight the need for a truly scientific appraisal of nutrition therapy, and help to improve outcomes among cancer patients in China.Trial Registration: The trial has been registered with the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, ChiCTR1800020329. Registered on 19 December 2018

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873753

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the distribution of Oncomelania hupensis snails and changes of water levels in Gaoyou sections of the Li Canal following the operation of the eastern route project of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project. Methods The Oncomelania snails were monitored in the river banks and water bodies of Gaoyou sections of the Li Canal by means of systematic sampling combined with environmental sampling as well as collection of the floaters from 2014 to 2019, and the water levels were collected in Gaoyou sections of the Li Canal at the typical hydrological year before the operation of the eastern route project of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project and during the period between 2016 and 2019. Results A total area of 235.42 hm2 were investigated and a total of 75.8 kg floaters were collected in Gaoyou sections of the Li Canal from 2014 to 2019; however, no snails were found. The water level in Gaoyou sections of the Li Canal was predominantly high in the flood season and low in the dry season before the operation of the eastern route project of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project, and the water level was elevated in the dry season and relatively low in the flood season after the operation of the project. Conclusion Following the operation of the eastern route project of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project, the original river bank that is characterized by “land in winter and water in summer” has changed in Gaoyou sections of the Li Canal, which is not favorable for snail breeding.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873165

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the effect of modified Yangxintang on chronic pulmonary heart disease (CPHD) with syndrome of deficiency of heart and lung Qi and progress of disease. Method:One hundred and twenty-eight patients were randomly divided into control group 64 cases and observation group 64 cases by random number table. Patients in control group got comprehensive rehabilitation measures of western medicine. Those who had respiratory distress got Salmeterol ticasone powder inhaler, 1-2 times/day, 1 inhale/time.And those who had cough and phlegm got Ambroxol hydrochloride tablets for 1-2 week, 1-2 tablet/time, 3 times/day. In addition to the therapy of control group, patients in observation group was also added with modified Yangxintang, 1 dose/day, 5 days/week. Record the and times of acute aggravate and cold, pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP), mean pulmonary artery pressure (MPAP), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), stroke volume (SV) and cardiac output (CO) were recorded during 48 weeks. Before and after treatment, scores of modified British medical research council respiratory questionnaire (mMRC questionnaire), Minnesota Heart Failure Quality of life scale (MLHFQ), syndrome of deficiency of heart and lung Qi and 6-minute walking test (6 MWT) were scored. And levels of N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), nitric oxide (NO), endothelin (ET-1), CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ and CD4+/CD8+ were detected. Result:The clinical efficacy in observation group was better than that in control group (Z=2.108, P<0.05). During 48 weeks of observation period, times of acute aggravate and cold in observation group were less than those in control group (P<0.01). Levels of PASP, MPAP and NT-proBNP were lower than those in control group (P<0.01). And levels of LVEF, SV, CO, 6 MWT and NO were higher than those in control group (P<0.01), levels of CD3+, CD4+ and CD4+/CD8+ were higher than those in control group (P<0.05). And levels of mMRC, MLHFQ, score of syndrome of deficiency of heart and lung Qi, TNF-α , IL-6, ET-1, CD8+ and were all lower than those in control group (P<0.01, P<0.05). Conclusion:In addition to anti-inflammatory, anti-asthmatic and anti-tussive therapies, modified Yangxintang can improve the immune function, relieve the symptoms of heart and lung, improve the function of heart and lung and the quality of life, inhibit the inflammatory reaction, improve the function of vascular endothelium, reduce the pulmonary hypertension, control the progress of disease.

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