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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 474-479, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920434

ABSTRACT

@#AIM: To observe the changes of retina superficial capillary plexus densities and aqueous humor factors in patients with diabetic macular edema(DME)before and after conbercept injection, and to explore the effect of conbercept on macular microcirculation in DME patients. <p>METHODS: A prospective case-control study was conducted. Totally 11 eyes of 10 patients diagnosed as DME in the Ophthalmology Department of the First Affiliated Hospital of Hainan Medical University from December 2019 to December 2020 were collected as DME group, 15 cataract patients without systemic basic diseases and fundus oculi diseases were collected as cataract group, and 20 age-and sex-matched healthy people with normal vision were collected as control group. All patients in DME group were treated by intravitreal injection of conbercept once a month for a total of 6 times. The retinal perfusion densities of the superficial capillary plexus(PSCP), retinal vessel densities of the superficial capillary plexus(VSCP), foveal avascular zone(FAZ), central macular thickness(CMT)and best corrected visual acuity(BCVA)were compared between the control group and DME patients before operation. The aqueous humor factors in cataract group and DME group were measured by multiplex flow immunoassay. The differences of aqueous humor factors in cataract group and DME group were compared. The changes of VSCP, PSCP, FAZ, CMT, BCVA and factors of aqueous humor in DME group after 6 conbercept injections were compared.<p>RESULTS: There were significant differences in PSCP, VSCP, FAZ area, BCVA and CMT between DME group and control group before operation(P<0.01); there were significant differences in angiopoietin-like protein 4(ANGPTL4), vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF), interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-8(IL-8)in aqueous humor of DME group and cataract group before operation(P<0.001); PCSP and BCVA were increased and CMT were decreased in DME group after continuous conbercept injection for 6mo(all P<0.05); the concentrations of ANGPTL4, VEGF and IL-6 in aqueous humor of DME group decreased significantly(all P<0.05); patients injected with 1mo conbercept in the DME group had the most obvious improvement of BCVA and PSCP as well as the most obvious decline of CMT; while the ANGPTL4, VEGF and IL-6 in aqueous humor concentration had the most obvious decrease when they were injected with 1mo conbercept; VEGF in aqueous humor was positively correlated with the absolute value of CMT. <p>CONCLUSION: Conbercept injection in DME patients can improve retinal ischemia, reduce the concentration of VEGF and related factors in aqueous humor, effectively increase BCVA and relieve macular edema.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877609

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the imaging features of focus of knee joint tendon in patients with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) by musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) technique.@*METHODS@#One hundred KOA patients and 100 healthy subjects were included. All the KOA patients were palpated by the sequence of foot @*RESULTS@#The top-5 focus of knee tendon of KOA patients were located in medial inferior patella, medial tibial condyle, inferior patella, Zusanlici and Hedingci. The thickness of ligaments and tendons in extension and flexion positions in KOA patients were thicker than that in healthy subjects (@*CONCLUSION@#The focus of knee joint tendon in KOA patients shows significantly thickened musculoskeletal imaging features.


Subject(s)
Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Knee Joint/diagnostic imaging , Osteoarthritis, Knee/diagnostic imaging , Tendons/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877551

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical therapeutic effect of fire needling stripping after local anesthesia, simple fire needling and liquid nitrogen cryotherapy on verruca vulgaris.@*METHODS@#A total of 900 patients with verruca vulgaris were randomized into a fire needling stripping group (300 cases, 2 cases dropped off), a fire needling group (300 cases, 4 cases dropped off) and a liquid nitrogen cryotherapy group (300 cases, 5 cases dropped off). After local anesthesia of compound lidocaine cream, fire needling therapy was adopted, and the necrotic tissue of verruca was stripped in the fire needling stripping group. Simple fire needling therapy was adopted in the fire needling group, without local anesthesia and stripping. Liquid nitrogen cryotherapy was adopted in the liquid nitrogen cryotherapy group. The treatment was given once a week, and totally 3 weeks were required in the 3 groups. The skin lesion scores of number, area, thickness, color, pruritus, isomorphism and the level of T lymphocyte (CD@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the skin lesion scores were decreased (@*CONCLUSION@#Fire needling stripping after local anesthesia can effectively treat the verruca vulgaris, improve the skin lesion and immunity, its therapeutic effect is superior to simple fire needling and liquid nitrogen cryotherapy.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia, Local , Cryotherapy , Humans , Treatment Outcome , Vascular Surgical Procedures , Warts/therapy
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880105

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of PX-12 on apoptosis of multiple myeloma (MM) cell line induced by bortezomib.@*METHODS@#MM cell line H929 cells were divided into PX-12 group, bortezomib group, combination group, and control group. 5.0 μmol/L PX-12, 20 nmol/L bortezomib, combination of the two drugs, and DMSO were given to the above mentioned group, respectively. After culture for 24, 48, and 72 hours, the changes of cell viability were observed, the MM cell activity was detected by MTT method, and the cell cycle distribution and apoptosis of each group was detected by flow cytometry. The intracellular ROS level was measured by H@*RESULTS@#MTT assay showed that after culture for 72 hours, the activity of H929 cells in PX-12 group (P<0.05) and bortezomib group (P<0.01) was significantly lower than that in the control group, while that in the combination group was decreased most significantly (P<0.01). After culture for 48 hours, cells in G1 phase in PX-12 group was decreased to 40%, while cells in S phase and G@*CONCLUSION@#PX-12 can increase the apoptosis of MM cell line H929 induced by bortezomib, which may be caused by increasing of ROS level.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Bortezomib/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Multiple Myeloma
5.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1467-1475, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910737

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy of posterior short-segment internal fixation for the treatment of brucella spondylitis (BS).Methods:The medical records of 34 patients with BS admitted from January 2014 to June 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 22 males and 12 females; the age was 52.3±10.6 years (range 35-72 years). On the basis of standardized use of antibacterial drugs, the lumbar spine posterior short-segment internal fixation was used. Twenty-nine cases underwent simple internal fixation, and posterolateral bone graft fusion, while 5 cases underwent primary debridement, autologous bone grafting and interbody fusion. Monitor erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), and test tube agglutination test (SAT) were used to assess inflammation control. Imaging examinations of patients before operation, 1 month after operation, 3 months after operation, 6 months after operation, 1 year after operation to the last follow-up were analyzed to evaluate the condition of intervertebral fusion. The clinical efficacy evaluation was based on the pain visual analog scale (VAS), Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, modified MacNab grading, and American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) grading, as well as surgery-related complications.Results:The operation time of 34 patients was 104.64±16.72 min (range 65-145 min), the average hospital stay was 16.49±7.41 days (range 7-38 d), and the average postoperative follow-up time was 20.2 months (range 12-34 months). At the last follow-up, the ESR and CRP fell to the normal range, and the SAT was negative. At 3 months postoperatively, 11 cases (32.35%) reached Bridwell fusion criteria of grade II, 23 cases (67.65%) of grade III; 3 cases (8.82%) of grade I fusion at 6 months after surgery, 31 cases reached grade II fusion (91.18%); all reached grade I fusion at the last follow-up. After the operation, the symptoms of the waist or lower extremities were significantly relieved. The VAS score was 6.3±1.4 before the operation, 4.1±1.2 at 1 month after the operation, 2.7±1.4 at 3 months after the operation, 1.6±1.0 at 6 months after the operation, and 1.2±0.8 at the last follow-up. The JOA score before surgery was 13.8±2.4, 1 month after surgery 17.6±2.6, 3 months after surgery 21.7±3.1, 6 months after operation 4.9±2.7, and at the last follow-up 25.7±1.8. Compared with the preoperative time nodes of the above indicators, the differences were statistically significant. At the last follow-up, of the 12 patients (2 cases of grade C, 10 cases of grade D) with preoperative neurological dysfunction, 2 cases recovered from grade C to grade D, and 10 cases recovered from grade D to E; the excellent and good rate of modified MacNab grading reached 97.06% (33/34). No extradural hematoma, nerve damage, cerebrospinal fluid leakage and other surgical complications occurred. Only 1 case had wound infection complication, and the prognosis was good after active treatment. There were no recurrences during the follow-up period.Conclusion:On the basis of standardized antimicrobial treatment, posterior lumbar short-segment internal fixation is a safe and effective method for the treatment of BS, and good clinical effects can be obtained.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906398

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of modified Xiaoji Baozhong granules combined with scraping in the treatment of abdominal obesity with gastric heat and dampness syndrome and its effect on adipocytokines. Method:One hundred and forty-four patients were randomly divided into the control group and the observation group, 72 cases in each group. The lifestyle adjustments were conducted in both groups. The observation group was given a comprehensive traditional Chinese medicine regimen of modified Xiaoji Baozhong granules combined with scraping. The control group was given modified Xiaoji Baozhong granules combined with scraping. The course of treatment was three months. The body mass index (BMI), body fat percentage (FP), waist circumference (WC), waist to hip ratio (WHR), obesity and abdominal fat thickness of the two groups were compared before and after treatment. The levels of fasting blood glucose (FBG), insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), adiponectin, leptin, resistin, endolipid and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were compared between the two groups before and after treatment. The clinical efficacy and safety were evaluated. Result:After treatment, the BMI, FP, obesity, WC and WHR of the observation group were lower than those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). After treatment, the abdominal wall fat thickness and intra-abdominal fat thickness of patients in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The FBG, HOMA-IR, TG, TC and LDL of the observation group were lower than those of the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while the HDL level was higher than the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Adiponectin in the observation group was higher than the control group after treatment (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The leptin, resistin, visfatin and TNF-α were lower than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The total clinical efficacy rate of patients in the observation group was 88.24% (60/68), which was better than 73.53% (50/68) in the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=4.755, <italic>P</italic><0.05). Conclusion:In addition to lifestyle adjustments, modified Xiaoji Baozhong granules combined with scraping treatment can reduce the degree of obesity and fat thickness in patients with abdominal obesity, and regulate lipid, carbohydrate metabolism and adipocytokines, with a better clinical efficacy than simple scraping therapy and the safety in practice.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885103

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the relationship between free androgen index and insulin function in obese young men aged from 20 to 35.Methods:A total of 82 young obese men in Obesity Clinic from February to October 2019 were enrolled in the study. The subjects were divided into 3 subgroups according to free androgen index level tertiles. The blood glucose and insulin levels were tested after oral glucose tolerance test. Homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), homeostasis model assessment for β cell function (HOMA-β), insulin secretion index, and insulin sensitivity index (Matsuda index) were used to evaluate β cell function in oder to analyze the relationship between free androgen index and insulin function.Results:In young obese men, participants with higher free androgen index levels exhibited less waist circumference, lower body mass index, 1 h postprandial insulin, 2 h postprandial insulin, HOMA-IR level but with a higher total testosterone, sex hormone binding globulin, and Matsuda index level (all P<0.05). There was a negative correlation between the free androgen index and the HOMA-IR ( r=-0.386, P=0.016), and the correlation tended to a linear trend after adjustment for age, sex, body mass index, and waist circumference ( Ptrend=0.034). Free testosterone was positively correlated with Matsuda index ( r=0.280, P=0.004), but the correlation disappeared after adjustment ( Ptrend=0.623). The results of further regression analysis showed that the level of free testosterone index decreased by 14.1% ( OR=0.869, 95% CI0.767-0.984, P=0.028) for each increase of HOMA-IR after adjustment. Conclusion:The level of free testosterone index is a predictor of insulin resistance in obese young men, but the association between this parameter and insulin sensitivity may be caused by obesity.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879195

ABSTRACT

Network Meta-analysis was used to evaluate the efficacy and safety of different oral Chinese patent medicines combined with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization(TACE) in the treatment of primary liver cancer. Randomized controlled trials of oral Chinese patent medicines for primary liver cancer were retrieved from CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Cochrane Library and EMbase databases from inception to May 2020. According to the Cochrane recommendation standard, the quality of the included articles was evaluated, and the data were analyzed by RevMan, R software and GeMTC software. A total of 10 kinds of oral Chinese patent medicines and 68 RCTs were included. Network Meta-analysis results showed that: as compared with TACE alone, 10 kinds of oral Chinese patent medicines combined with TACE showed advantages in effective rate, 1-year survival rate, 2-year survival rate, KPS score improvement rate and reduced adverse reaction incidence. In the pairwise comparison of oral Chinese patent medicines, the results showed that Cidan Capsules were superior to Jinlong Capsules and Xihuang Pills in 1-year survival rate. According to the probabi-lity ranking results: Shenyi Capsules and Ganfule were more obvious in improving the effective rate; Cidan Capsules and Shenyi Capsules were more effective in improving the 1-year survival rate; Pingxiao Capsules and Shenyi Capsules had better efficacy in improving 2-year survival rate; Huaier Granules and Shenyi Capsules had better efficacy in improving the quality of life; Huisheng Oral Liquid and Ganfule were more effective in reducing the incidence of adverse reactions(such as nausea, vomiting and leukocytosis). The current evidence showed that oral Chinese patent medicine combined with TACE was superior to TACE alone in efficacy and safety. In terms of the effective rate, 1-year survival rate, 2-year survival rate, KPS score improvement rate and reduced adverse reaction incidence, the optimal treatment measures were Shenyi Capsules, Cidan Capsules, Pingxiao Capsules, Huaier Granules and Huisheng Oral Liquid in turn. However, due to the limitations of the research, the current level of evidence is not high, and clear conclusions and evi-dence strength still need to be further verified and improved by high-quality researches.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/drug therapy , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Network Meta-Analysis , Nonprescription Drugs , Quality of Life
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878996

ABSTRACT

To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Huaier Granules in the adjuvant treatment of primary liver cancer. The databases of CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, CBMdisc, PubMed, Cochrane Library and EMbase were searched by computer to screen out the randomized controlled trial on Huaier Granules combined with Western medicine in the treatment of primary liver cancer from the establishment of the databases to January 2020. Data extraction and quality evaluation were conducted for the included literature. Meta-analysis was conducted with RevMan 5.3 software, and evidence quality evaluation was conducted for the outcomes by GRADE profiler software. A total of 24 articles were included, with a total sample size of 2 664 cases. Meta-analysis showed that as compared with Western medicine alone, Huaier Granules combined with Western medicine could improve the objective remission rate(RR=1.38, 95%CI[1.26, 1.51], P<0.000 01), disease control rate(RR=1.29, 95%CI[1.10, 1.52], P=0.002) and 6-month survival rate(RR=1.20, 95%CI[1.10, 1.32], P<0.000 1), 1-year survival rate(RR=1.39, 95%CI[1.23, 1.58], P<0.000 01), 2-year survival rate(RR=1.95, 95%CI[1.28, 2.96], P=0.002), KPS score(MD=17.15, 95%CI[6.47, 27.83], P=0.002) and the improvement rate of KPS score(RR=2.02, 95%CI[1.47, 2.77], P<0.000 1), AFP decline rate(RR=1.40, 95%CI[1.20, 1.62], P<0.000 1), CD3~+(MD=17.34, 95%CI[9.28, 25.40], P<0.000 1), CD4~+(MD=8.62, 95%CI[1.59, 15.64], P=0.02), CD8~+(MD=1.95, 95%CI[-3.93, 7.82], P=0.52), CD4~+/CD8~+(MD=0.42, 95%CI[-0.33, 1.17], P=0.27); reduce the level of AFP(MD=-71.57, 95%CI[-80.42,-62.72], P<0.000 01), recurrence rate(RR=0.76, 95%CI[0.67, 0.85], P<0.000 01), and incidence of adverse reactions(RR=0.60, 95%CI[0.41, 0.89], P=0.01) in patients with primary liver cancer. According to the GRADE system, the evidence for outcome measures was low to very low. The results show that Huaier Granules have certain efficacy and high safety in adjuvant treatment of primary liver cancer, but its effect in reducing adverse reactions and improve immunity remains to be verified. Due to the poor quality of the included studies and evidences, the conclusions still need to be further verified by multi-center, large sample, and randomized double-blind controlled studies.


Subject(s)
Adjuvants, Pharmaceutic , Complex Mixtures , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Trametes
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878923

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to assess whether chrysin(ChR) can inhibit epithelial-mesenchymal transition(EMT) of type Ⅱ alveolar epithelial cell and produce anti-pulmonary fibrosis effect by regulating the NF-κB/Twist 1 signaling pathway. Sixty rats were randomly divided into the control group, the bleomycin(BLC) group, BLC+ChR(50 mg·kg~(-1)) group and BLC+ChR(100 mg·kg~(-1)) group, with 15 rats in each group. The pulmonary fibrosis model was induced by intratracheal injection of BLC(7 500 U·kg~(-1)). Rats were orally administered with different doses of ChR after BLC injection for 28 days. The cells were divided into control group, TGF-β1 group(5 ng·mL~(-1)), and TGF-β1+ChR(1, 10, 100 μmol·L~(-1)) groups. The type Ⅱ alveolar epithelial cells were treated with TGF-β1 for 24 h, and then treated with TGF-β1 for 48 h in the presence or absence of different doses of ChR(1, 10 and 100 μmol·L~(-1)). The morphological changes and collagen deposition in lung tissues were analyzed by HE staining, Masson staining and immunohistochemistry. The mRNA and protein expression levels of collagen Ⅰ, E-cadherin, zonula occludens-1(ZO-1), vimentin, alpha smooth muscle actin(α-SMA), inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa B alpha(IκBα), nuclear factor-kappa B p65(NF-κB p65), phospho-NF-κB p65(p-p65) and Twist 1 in lung tissues and cells were detected by qPCR and Western blot, respectively. The animal experiment results showed that as compared with the BLC group, after administration of ChR for 28 days, bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis in rats was significantly relieved, collagen Ⅰ expression in lung tissues was significantly reduced(P<0.05 or P<0.01), and EMT of alveolar epithelial cells was obviously inhibited [the expression levels of E-cadherin and ZO-1 were increased and the expression levels of vimentin and α-SMA were decreased(P<0.05 or P<0.01)], concomitantly with significantly reduced IκBα and p65 phosphorylation level in cytoplasm and decreased NF-κB p65 and Twist 1 expression in nucleus(P<0.05 or P<0.01). The cell experiment results showed that different doses of ChR(1, 10 and 100 μmol·L~(-1)) significantly reduced TGF-β1-induced collagen Ⅰ expression(P<0.05 or P<0.01), significantly inhibited EMT of type Ⅱ alveolar epithelial cells[the expression levels of E-cadherin and ZO-1 were increased and the expression levels of vimentin and α-SMA were decreased(P<0.05 or P<0.01)], and inhibited IκBα and p65 phosphorylation in cytoplasm and down-regulated NF-κB p65 and Twist 1 expression in nucleus induced by TGF-β1(P<0.05 or P<0.01). The results suggest that ChR can reverse EMT of type Ⅱ alveolar epithelial cell and alleviate pulmonary fibrosis in rats, and its mechanism may be associated with reducing IκBα phosphorylation and inhibiting NF-κB p65 phosphorylation and nuclear transfer, thus down-regulating Twist 1 expression.


Subject(s)
Alveolar Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Animals , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Flavonoids , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Rats , Signal Transduction , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/genetics
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827999

ABSTRACT

This work is to establish the fingerprint of Astragalus membranaceus var. mongholicus by HPLC-ELSD method, and to analyze the simulated wildness degree of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus in the genuine region of Inner Mongolia, Ningxia and Gansu. Compared with wild A. membranaceus var. mongholicus, the quality differences of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus in the genuine region were analyzed by identification of chromatographic peaks and similarity evaluation, cluster analysis(CA), principal components analysis(PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA). HPLC fingerprints of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus in different genuine regions are established. The qualitative analysis of mass spectrometry identified 18 components. The similarity evaluation shows that the similarity of 32 batches of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus samples was 0.688-0.993. Among them, the similarity of samples in Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia is 0.688-0.993, 0.835-0.989, 0.934-0.988, respectively and the similarity of samples in Gansu is 0.729-0.876 except No. 25 sample. The results of CA show that the samples of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus can be grouped into four categories according to the production area except the No. 11 and No. 25 samples. The results of PCA indicate that 32 batches of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus samples can be clustered according to quality and origin, and the quality of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus in Inner Mongolia is the closest to the wild breed. The results of OPLS-DA indicate that there are six components that can distinguish the wild and domestic A. membranaceus var. mongholicus, which are malonylastragaloside Ⅰ, astragaloside Ⅰ, calycosin-7-O-β-D-glycoside-6″-O-malonate, calycosin-7-O-β-D-glycoside, formononetin-7-O-β-D-glycoside-6″-O-malonate, and astrapterocarpan-3-O-β-D-glycoside-6″-O-malonate. The established method can be used to analyze differences between A. membranaceus var. mongholicus origin and planting environment, and can provide references for the protection and replacement of wild A. membranaceus var. mongholicus resources, and the cultivation, processing and production of A. membranaceus var. mongholicus.


Subject(s)
Astragalus propinquus , China
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873182

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of corona virus disease-2019 (COVID-19) not only endangers the public life and health, but also poses threats to the public mental health. Under the atmosphere of tension and fear, the public often produces adverse emotional reactions to psychological stress, and even has extreme behaviors, which seriously affects physical and mental health. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) emotional therapy is based on the TCM consciousness theory in adherence to the holistic view of "integration of mind and body". It adopts safe and effective emotional conditioning methods to regulate mood, eliminate bad emotions, maintain mental health, and enhance the body's immunity to achieve the effect of treating or preventing physical and mental diseases. It has differentiated applications in many medical fields, such as post-traumatic stress disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, cancer and hospice, with good clinical efficacy. By analyzing the theoretical origin, research status, application range of TCM sentiment therapy, as well as the current public psychological state of the COVID-19 epidemic, we innovatively proposed TCM sentiment therapies, such as calm emotion method, diversion of attention method, suggestive induction method, obedient mind method, music delight method, TCM refreshing method and auricular pressing method, and comprehensively applied them in the public psychological adjustment during the outbreak, with the aim to provide rational and effective psychological guidance, help the public to correctly understand various bad emotions during the outbreak, enhance their abilities to cope with it and adjust psychological problems, maintain a good mentality, and pass the epidemic period smoothly. At the same time, in order to make better use of the advantages of TCM sentiment therapy and benefit the public, it is advocated to widely apply TCM sentiment therapy in similar public health events and public psychological care in the daily life, for the purpose of preventing before disease outset and preventing progress of disease, and effectively protecting the physical and mental health of the people.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873179

ABSTRACT

Since the outbreak of corona virus disease-2019 (COVID-19), the timely intervention of Chinese medicine has played an important role, it can significantly improve the clinical symptoms of patients, alleviate fever, cough, shorten the course of disease and reduce the conversion rate of mild disease to severe disease, moreover, it has obvious advantages in improving survival rate, prognosis and quality of life in patients. In order to make better use of the therapeutic effect of Chinese medicine and overcome the epidemic situation as soon as possible, various provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions have introduced local Chinese medicine treatment schemes in accordance with the geography, climate and epidemic situation. In this article, we have analyzed the similarities and differences among treatment schemes from the perspective of three factors, and it is believed that the onset season is the same for this disease, and the differences between treatment schemes mainly depend on geographical and climatic factors. The results showed that in seven regions of China, the early symptoms in warm and humid regions such as Central China, South China, East China and Southwest China were characterized by "wet, warm, hot, and toxic", and treatment schemes mainly adopted the recipes with clearing heat and detoxifying, strengthening spleen and removing dampness functions. The early symptoms in cold regions such as Northeast China, North China, and Northwest China were mostly characterized by "cold, wet, wind, and toxic", and the therapeutic recipes emphasized on the effects of expelling wind and cold, removing toxicity and dampness. Among them, the national plan with the Hubei epidemic situation as an important reference has gradually evolved from a single syndrome attribute of each period to both cold and hot syndromes with multiple treatment methods. With the development of the disease, epidemic toxin and toxic heat in the lungs are the main characteristics in the medium term, when the treatment mainly focuses on purging heat and removing toxins. In severe cases and advanced stage, internal block and outward desertion are the main symptoms, when the treatment mainly focuses on block dredging and relieving desertion. In the recovery period, deficiency of lung and spleen Qi, and deficiency of Qi and Yin are the main symptoms, when the treatment is mainly used to invigorate the spleen, tonify the lungs, and nourish Qi and Yin. The physical factors are mostly reflected in the prevention program, so they are rarely mentioned in the treatment program. The Chinese medicine treatment schemes of COVID-19 in different regions show obvious differences. It is of great significance to analyze these differences and sum up the corresponding laws for the differential prevention and treatment of infectious diseases like COVID-19.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872768

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the efficacy of modified Sanxue Gegentang combined with nerve block in treating postherpetic neuralgia due to blood stasis syndrome, and explore its possible mechanism. Method:The 120 patients were randomly divided into control group and observation group, with 60 cases in each group. The patients in control group received Dahuang Zhechong tablet + nerve block, and the patients in observation group received modified Sanxue Gegentang + nerve block for 4 weeks. The clinical symptoms (simplified McGill pain scale, overall impression change scale, traditional Chinese medicine symptoms), serum medium pain [endothelin-1 (ET-1), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), substance P (SP), cydooxygenase-2 (COX-2)], blood viscosity index [high blood viscosity (HBV), medium blood viscosity (MBV), low blood viscosity (LBV), and plasma viscosity (PV)] were observed before and after treatment. The clinical efficacy, recurrence rate in 12 months follow-up, and the incidence of adverse reactions were compared between two groups. Result:The 5 cases in control group and 1 case in the observation group were lost during the study. The total effective rate in observation group was 96.6%(57/59), higher than 74.5% (41/55) in control group (χ2=5.729, P<0.05). As compared with control group after treatment, the McGill pain scale, overall impression change rating scale, main TCM symptom scores, pain medium (ET-1, PGE2, SP, COX-2), and blood viscosity (HBV, MBV, LBV, PV) were significantly lower in observation group (P<0.05). In the follow-up for 12 months, the recurrence rate was 7.0% (4/57) in observation group, lower than 43.9% (18/41) in control group (χ2=7.294, P<0.05). During the study period, the incidence of adverse reactions was 8.5% (5/59) in observation group and 7.3% (4/55) in control group, without significant difference between two groups. Conclusion:Modified Sanxue Gegentang combined with nerve block can significantly improve the clinical symptoms of patients with postherpetic neuralgia due to blood stasis syndrome, showing a low recurrence rate incidence of adverse reactions.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870681

ABSTRACT

Totally 224 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) under management in Beixinjing Community Health Service Center were recruited for the stress response survey. The general condition, Self-Rated Anxiety Scale(SAS), the Self-Rated Depression Scale(SDS) and Stress Response Questionnaire(SRQ) were applied in the survey.The influencing factors of SRQ were analyzed with multiple stepwise regression.The survey showed that the average score of SRQ [ M( Q1, Q3)] was 55(46,68) among 224 T2DM patients. The SRQ score of 134 cases with poor blood glucose control (HbA1c≥7.0%) was 63(54,77), which was significantly higher than that of 48(43,53) in 90 cases with good blood glucose control(HbA1c<7.0%). The prevalence of anxiety and depression were 33.5%(75/224) and 19.6%(44/224), and the prevalence of combined anxiety and depression was 14.3%(32/224). Marriage, diet, complications, acceptance of community management and HbA1c were the influencing factors of SRQ( P<0.05).

16.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 214-219, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870251

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze correlations of the distribution of non-segmental vitiligo lesions with gender,age of onset,duration of disease,personal and family history of autoimmune diseases,family history of vitiligo,and so on.Methods Clinical data were collected from 1 125 patients with confirmed nonsegmental vitiligo in Department of Dermatology,Beijing Hospital from January 2009 to January 2019,and analyzed retrospectively.Statistical analysis was carried out with SPSS 20.0 software by using independentsample t test and chi-square test.Results Of the 1 125 patients with non-segmental vitiligo,599 were males and 526 were females,with a male-to-female ratio of 1.14:1.Their age of onset was 27.9 ± 17.1 years,and duration of disease was 5.2 ± 8.0 years.Skin lesions mostly occurred on the trunk (544 cases,48.4%) and face (535 cases,47.6%),followed by acral regions (430 cases,38.2%),extremities (297 cases,26.4%) and neck (231 cases,20.5%).The perioral region (17.2%),hands (47.9%) and genital region (14.5%) in the 599 male patients were more frequently affected than those in the 526 females (9.7%,22.6%,6.3%,x2 =13.33,77.66,20.01,respectively,all P < 0.001),while the neck (27.0%) was more frequently affected in the female patients than in the male patients (14.9%,x2 =25.29,P < 0.001).The age of onset was significantly lower in the patients with vitiligo lesions involving the legs,knees,feet,trunk,genital and periocular regions than in those without skin lesions on the above corresponding body sites (all P < 0.05),but significantly higher in the patients with vitiligo lesions involving the arms and hands than in those without lesions on the above 2 sites (both P < 0.05).Vitiligo lesions more likely occurred on the hands of patients with a personal or family history of autoimmune thyroid diseases compared with those without the personal or family history (50.0% vs.27.9%,x2 =6.62,P =0.010).The trunk was more frequently affected in the patients with a family history of vitiligo than in those without (59.6% vs.45.7%,x2 =13.36,P < 0.001).Conclusion The distribution of non-segmental vitiligo lesions are correlated to some extent with gender,age of onset,personal and family history of autoimmune diseases and family history of vitiligo.

17.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 113-116, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870232

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate clinical features of vulvar lichen simplex chronicus (VLSC).Methods Clinical data were collected from 137 VLSC patients who visited a Vulvar Clinic in the Department of Dermatology,Beijing Hospital from 2017 to 2018,and analyzed retrospectively.Non-normally distributed measurement data (age and disease duration) were described as median (P25,P75),and analyzed by using rank sum test,and enumeration data were compared by using chi-square test.Results Among the 137 patients with VLSC,the age at onset was 32.0 (25.5,40.0) years,and the disease duration was 36.0 (15.0,72.0) months.Thirty-two (23.4%) patients had a history of atopic diseases,and the age at onset of VLSC was significantly lower in these patients with a history of atopic diseases (29.5 [25.0,35.8]years) than in those without a history of atopic diseases (33.0 [27.0,41.0] years,Z =2.03,P =0.042).The most frequently involved site was the labia majora (130/137,94.9%),and the labia minora was rarely involved (13/137,9.5%).Bilateral lesions were observed in 103 (75.2%) patients,and hypopigmentation occurred in 8 (5.8%) patients.All the patients experienced itching to different extents,including moderate itching in 44 (32.1%) cases and severe itching in 80 (58.4%).The ratio of patients with severe itching to those with disease duration > 2 years (68.1%) was significantly higher than that of patients with severe itching to those with disease duration < 2 years (47.7%,x2 =5.830,P =0.016).Patients reported that local wetness and sweating (55 cases,40.1%),spicy diet (41 cases,29.9%) and mental stress (36 cases,26.3%) could aggravate itching,Conclusions VLSC commonly occurs in patients aged 20-39 years,and atopic predisposition may be an important factor for VLSC.VLSC mostly involves bilateral labia majora,and the longer the disease duration,the more severe the itching.

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Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 102-108, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870230

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze special histopathological characteristics of melanocytic nevi and their associations with age,gender,anatomical locations and pathological subtypes.Methods Clinical and histopathological data were collected from 1 011 patients with melanocytic nevi,who visited Beijing Hospital from January 2005 to January 2019,and analyzed retrospectively.Statistical analysis was carried out by using chi-square test for comparing enumeration data,and t test for comparing measurement data.Results Among the 1 011 patients with melanocytic nevi,the age at the clinic visit was 40.90 + 19.19years,and there were 289 males and 722 females.Lesional (biopsy) sites included the trunk (402 cases,39.8%),face and neck (268 cases,26.5%),extremities (138 cases,13.6%),hands and feet (133 cases,13.2%),scalp (53 cases,5.2%) and vulva (17 cases,1.7%).Pathological subtypes included intradermal nevus (580 cases,57.4%),compound nevus (333 cases,32.9%) and junctional nevus (98 cases,9.7%).Among special histopathological characteristics,neuralization and adipose cell hyperplasia were observed in 172 (17.0%) and 155 (15.3%) cases respectively,and the prevalence of neuralization and adipose cell hyperplasia was significantly higher in female patients than in male patients,higher in elderly patients than in young patients,and higher on the scalp than on the other sites (all P < 0.05);vascular proliferation was observed in 313 (31.0%) cases,and more commonly occurred on the scalp than on the other sites (P<0.05);nevus cells distributed along the hair follicles/sebaceous glands were observed in 502 (49.7%)cases,and more commonly seen on the face and neck than on the other sites (P < 0.05);nevus cell lysis occurred in 203 (20.1%) cases,and fissures were observed in 384 (38.0%).All the above histopathological characteristics were more frequently observed in the intradermal nevus subtype than in the compound nevus subtype (all P<0.05).Nevus cells distributed along the blood vessels were observed in 20 (2.0%) cases,and more commonly seen on the extremities than on the trunk,hands and feet (P < 0.05),as well as in the compound nevus subtype than in the intradermal nevus subtype (P < 0.05).Conclusions There are many special histopathological characteristics in melanocytic nevi,such as neuralization,adipose cell hyperplasia,vascular proliferation,and nevus cells distributed along the hair follicles/sebaceous glands,which are associated with patients' age,gender,lesional locations and histopathological subtypes.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869966

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Objective:To evaluate the accuracy of serum surfactant protein concentration in predicting postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) in the patients at moderate risk for PPCs undergoing abdominal surgery.Methods:Fifty-eight patients of both sexes, with the predicted ARISCAT score of 26-44 points, scheduled for elective abdominal gastrointestinal surgery, were studied.Central venous blood samples were collected before operation (T 0), at 30 min after extubation (T 1) and at 1 day after surgery (T 2) for determination of serum surfactant protein A (SP-A) and surfactant protein B (SP-B) in serum by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.The occurrence of PPCs during the postoperative hospitalization was recorded.The patients were divided into PPCs group and non-PPCs group according to whether PPCs occurred. The receiver operating characteristic curve was used to analyze the accuracy of serum SP-A and SP-B concentrations in predicting PPCs. Results:Compared with the baseline value at T 0, the serum SP-B concentrations were significantly increased at T 1 in group PPCs, and the concentrations of serum SP-A and SP-B were significantly decreased at T 2 in both groups ( P<0.05). The concentrations of serum SP-A and SP-B were significantly decreased at T 2 than at T 1 in both groups ( P<0.05). Compared with non-PPCs group, the serum concentrations of SP-A at T 0 and SP-B at T 1 were significantly increased in group PPCs ( P<0.05). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of serum SP-B concentrations in predicting PPCs at T 1 was 0.908 (95% confidence interval 0.821-0.996), and the cut-off value was 26.3 ng/ml, sensitivity 0.90, and specificity 0.81. Conclusion:The accuracy of serum SP-B concentrations measured at 30 min after extubation in predicting PPCs is higher in the patients at moderate risk for PPCs undergoing abdominal surgery.

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Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 587-590, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869409

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the transfection of recombinant adenovirus vectors containing the hypoxia inducible factor-1α gene (AdHIF-1α)in rat brain microvascular endothelial cells(BMECs) and to provide a theoretical basis for the treatment of hypoxic BMECs by AdHIF-1α.Methods:Rat BMECs were isolated, identified, and cultured in a maintenance medium containing 100 μmol/L cobalt dichloride (CoCl 2), establishing a hypoxia model of BMECs; then AdHIF-1α was transfected into hypoxic BMECs.The transfection of fluorescent protein was observed under a fluorescence microscope. Results:Transfection of AdHIF-1α into BMECs was monitored under a fluorescence microscope at 12 h, 24 h, 48 h and 72 h, respectively.Minor fluorescence began to appear at 12 h (0.13±0.01), and the fluorescence expression increased at 24 h (0.46±0.03, q=25.88, P<0.01), was most obvious at 48 h (0.97±0.05, q=40.00, P<0.01), and decreased at 72 h (0.38±0.02, q=46.28, P<0.01). Conclusions:Recombinant adenovirus vectors containing AdHIF-1α can be transfected into hypoxic BMECs in vitro.

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