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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879863

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the risk factors and treatment for neutropenia of late newborns (NLN).@*METHODS@#Related clinical data were collected from the preterm infants and critically ill neonates who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit from July 2019 to January 2020. A total of 46 newborns with a blood absolute neutrophil count (ANC) of 37 weeks. There was no significant difference between the two groups in the incidence rates of gestational hypertension, premature rupture of membranes > 18 hours and intrauterine distress, 5-minute Apgar score, the duration of positive pressure ventilation, the incidence rate of early-onset sepsis, and the type of initially used antibiotics (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The risk of NLN increases with the presence of late-onset sepsis and the increase in the duration of antibiotic use. NLN is generally a benign process. G-CSF appears to be safe and effective for NLN with severe disease conditions or severe reduction in ANC.


Subject(s)
Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Leukocyte Count , Neutropenia , Risk Factors , Sepsis
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908817

ABSTRACT

In order to build an "Internet +" innovation and entrepreneurship education practice platform, 3,752 undergraduates from 5 medical colleges and universities were investigated by questionnaire. The results showed that there was a gap between the expectation of the students and the setting of entrepreneurship and innovation courses, project guidance and so on. In view of the contradiction between the supply of educational resources and the needs of students in medical colleges and universities, we have developed the "Internet +" innovation and entrepreneurship education practice platform, that including five main functions and three layers of framework based on cloud computing and open source technology. The platform integrates various resources of medical colleges and universities to make useful exploration for cultivating students' innovation and entrepreneurship ability, accelerating the implementation of projects, and promoting the connotation development of innovation.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904624

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the components of proteins from Echinococcus granulosus cyst fluid using the shotgun method, and to identify the active components with potential regulatory effects for immune dysregulation diseases. Methods The E. granulosus cyst fluid was collected aseptically from the hepatic cysts of patients with cystic echinococcosis, and characterized by liquid chromatography (LC) tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) following digestion with trypsin. The protein data were searched using the software MaxQuant version 1.6.1.0 and the cellular components, molecular functions, and biological processes of the identified proteins were analyzed using the Gene Ontology (GO) method. Results The E. granulosus cyst fluid separated by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) had a relative molecular mass of 25 to 70 kDa. LS-MS/MS analysis identified 37 proteins, including 32 known proteins and 5 unknown proteins. At least 4 proteins were preliminarily found to exhibit potential regulatory effects for immune dysregulation diseases, including antigen B, glutathione-S-transferase (GST), thioredoxin peroxidase (TPX) and malate dehydrogenase (MDH). GO enrichment analysis showed that the identified proteins had 149 molecular functions and were involved in 341 biological processes. Conclusions E. granulosus cyst fluid has a variety of protein components, and four known proteins are preliminarily identified to be associated with immune dysregulation diseases.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 2197-2219, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888859

ABSTRACT

Many sensitizers have not only photodynamic effects, but also sonodynamic effects. Therefore, the combination of sonodynamic therapy (SDT) and photodynamic therapy (PDT) using sensitizers for sono-photodynamic therapy (SPDT) provides alternative opportunities for clinical cancer therapy. Although significant advances have been made in synthesizing new sensitizers for SPDT, few of them are successfully applied in clinical settings. The anti-tumor effects of the sensitizers are restricted by the lack of tumor-targeting specificity, incapability in deep intratumoral delivery, and the deteriorating tumor microenvironment. The application of nanotechnology-based drug delivery systems (NDDSs) can solve the above shortcomings, thereby improving the SPDT efficacy. This review summarizes various sensitizers as sono/photosensitizers that can be further used in SPDT, and describes different strategies for enhancing tumor treatment by NDDSs, such as overcoming biological barriers, improving tumor-targeted delivery and intratumoral delivery, providing stimuli-responsive controlled-release characteristics, stimulating anti-tumor immunity, increasing oxygen supply, employing different therapeutic modalities, and combining diagnosis and treatment. The challenges and prospects for further development of intelligent sensitizers and translational NDDSs for SPDT are also discussed.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921920

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of degenerative scoliosis on the difficulty and efficacy of minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion(MIS-TLIF) in the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis.@*METHODS@#From September 2016 to September 2019, 52 patients with lumbar spinal stenosis treated by MIS-TLIF were retrospectively analyzed, including 16 males and 36 females, aged from 42 to 71(63.44±5.96) years old, the course of disease from 1.5 to 6.5 years, with an average of (3.69±1.10) years. All patients had lower extremity root pain or numbness, 41 patients had intermittent claudication. There were 31 cases of L@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 12 to 36 months, with an average of (19.58±5.33) months. The operation time and intraoperative bleeding in stenosis group were better than those in scoliosis group (@*CONCLUSION@#For patients with lumbar spinal stenosis undergoing MIS-TLIF, degenerative scoliosis can lead to prolonged operation time and increased bleeding. However, it has no significant effect on therelief of postoperative symptoms, postoperative complications and the recovery of lumbar function.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Scoliosis/surgery , Spinal Fusion , Spinal Stenosis/surgery , Treatment Outcome
6.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 984-989, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911558

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate characteristics of fever and drug-induced liver injury (DILI) in inpatients with severe drug eruptions.Methods:A retrospective analysis was carried out on clinical data collected from 63 inpatients with severe drug eruptions from June 2007 to June 2020, and their characteristics of fever and DILI were investigated. Two-independent-sample t test or Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for intergroup comparison of measurement data, and intergroup comparison of enumeration data was performed using chi-square test or Fisher′s exact test. Results:Among the 63 patients with severe drug eruptions, 54 developed fever; low, moderate and high/ultra-high fever all occurred in about one third of the patients; of 17 patients with high/ultra-high fever, 16 sufferred from Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) , toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) or drug hypersensitivity syndrome (DHS) ; 45 had irregular fever; fever duration ranged from 1 to 14 days in 51 patients; there were no significant differences in the fever grade or duration among the patients with different clinical types of drug eruptions ( P = 0.303, 0.719, respectively) ; rashes occurred earlier than or at the same time as fever in 92.59% of the patients. DILI occurred in 11 patients, 8 of whom had hepatocellular injury at admission, including 5 with DHS, 2 with SJS and 1 with TEN; 6 patients were accompanied by low, moderate or high fever, with the fever duration being 7.33 ± 4.97 days, and they all had grade 1 liver injury; liver function retesting at discharge showed complete recovery in 5 patients, improvement in 1, as well as conversion from hepatocellular injury to mixed liver injury in 1, and 1 patient did not undergo the liver function retesting due to against-medical-advice discharge. The other 3 patients had cholestatic liver injury, all of whom were diagnosed with DHS and accompanied by high or ultra-high fever, wtih the fever duration being 8.33 ± 3.51 days, and 1 patient had grade 4 liver injury (acute liver failure) ; liver function was improved in all the 3 patients at discharge. Conclusions:Patients with severe drug eruptions are prone to be accompanied by various types of fever, irregular fever is more common, fever usually lasts 2 weeks, and rashes often occur earlier than or at the same time as fever. DILI can occur in patients with severe drug eruptions, and is usually accompanied by fever; hepatocellular injury is more common, and prone to be improved rapidly; cholestatic liver injury is characterized by severe clinical symptoms and a long disease course, and most frequently occurs in patients with DHS.

7.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 1028-1029, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911548

ABSTRACT

The etiology of melasma is complicated. Although there are many treatment methods for melasma at present, no definite or satisfactory efficacy has been achieved. In recent years, good therapeutic outcomes have been achieved in the treatment of melasma with intense pulsed light. This review summarizes the progress in the treatment of melasma with intense pulsed light alone or in combination with various lasers, external drugs and systemic drugs in recent years.

8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 675-678, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911094

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT imaging in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) patients with different PSA levels. Methods:The imaging and clinical data of 50 patients with CRPC who underwent 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT examination in Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 2018 to December 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. The average age was 72 (54-95) years old. Serum total PSA was 92.28(0.36-2000.00) ng/ml. According to the total PSA level, the patients were divided into low PSA group(total PSA ≤ 1 ng/ml, n=9), medium PSA group (1 ng/ml<total PSA ≤ 10 ng/ml, n=18) and high PSA group(total PSA>10ng/ml, n=23). According to the standardized evaluation standard of molecular imaging, the suspicious tumor lesions on 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT imaging were scored by molecular imaging PSMA(miPSMA), and the miPSMA score ≥2 was defined as positive lesions. According to the number of lesions displayed by 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT, patients were divided into oligofocal group (the number of lesions ≤3) and multiple lesions group (the number of lesions >3). The imaging characteristics of patients in different groups were summarized. Results:The 18F-DCFPyL PET/CT imaging results of 50 cases in this study were all positive, including oligofocal group (n=27) and multiple lesions group (n=23). Of the 30 patients with unresected prostate, 18 had local recurrence of the prostate, while the other 12 patients with unresected prostate and 20 patients with resected prostate had no signs of local recurrence. The oligofocal group showed local recurrence, regional lymph node metastasis or bone metastasis. Patients with multiple lesions showed multiple lymph nodes and/or bone metastasis with or without local recurrence. There were 9, 18 and 4 patients with oligofoci in low, middle and high PSA groups, respectively.There were 27 patients in the oligonucleogenous group, and 21 of the 22 patients receiving local treatment were effective. All 3 patients treated with systemic treatments were effective. PSA progressed in 2 untreated patients. In the multi-foci group of 23 patients, 6 of 9 patients treated with abiraterone were effective. Two patients treated with enzalumide were ineffective. One of the 4 patients with chemotherapy was effective. One of the two patients treated with 177 Lu-PSMA nuclide was effective. One case did not respond to treatment with 89SrCl 2. Radiotherapy failed in 2 cases. PSA progressed in 3 untreated patients. Conclusions:18F-DCFPyLPET/CT imaging has a high detection rate of lesions in patients with CRPC and has potential guiding significance for follow-up treatment. The number of lesions in CRPC patients with different PSA levels was different, and the patients with low PSA levels were mainly oligofoci.

9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 497-501, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911057

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of holographic image technology in robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RARP).Methods:The clinical data of 34 patients with prostate cancer who underwent RARP in our hospital during October 2020 and December 2020 was analyzed retrospectively. The average age of the patients was 67.8 (52-78) years. The mean BMI was 25.8 (18.0-32.3) kg/m 2. The median level of PSA before surgery was 13.4 (2-149) ng/ml. Median prostate volume was 31.7 (9.5-159.1) ml. EAU risk groups for biochemical recurrence of localised and locally advanced prostate cancer were list as below: 5 cases of low-risk, 7 cases of medium-risk, 22 cases of high-risk. There were 9, 16, 9 cases with the ASA score of 1, 2, 3 point, respectively. Preoperative Gleason score of 34 patients were list as below: 9 cases in score ≤6 group, 15 cases in score=7 group, 10 cases in score ≥8 group. For clinical stage before the surgery, 13 cases ≤T 2a stage, 1 case in T 2b stage, 20 cases ≥T 2c stage. The engineers established holographic images of 34 patients based on multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) and the reports before the operation. Surgeons can obtain the size and location of tumors, surrounding neurovascular bundles visually by revolving, assembling, disassembling and concealing images, which was helpful for pre-surgery planning. By manipulating the holographic images extracorporeally, surgeons can discriminate Internal sphincter of urinary bladder and vesicoprostatic muscle, neurovascular bundles, membranous part, seminal vesicle easily, which improves the operation accuracy. Results:All 34 cases underwent operation successfully without transferring to open surgery. The median operative time was 157.5 (95-276) min with an estimated blood loss of 50 (20-300) ml. The median drainage removal time was 2 d and median hospitalization time was 3.5 d, respectively. The catheters were removed within an average time of 20.5 d. For postoperative Gleason score, there were 2 cases in score ≤6 group, 16 cases in score =7 group, 8 cases in score ≥8 group and 8 cases can’t make a score. For clinical stage after the surgery, 10 cases were ≤T 2a stage, 1 case was T 2b stage, 23 cases were ≥cT 2c stage. 22 cases underwent pelvic lymph node dissection, including a patient with right iliac fossa lymph node metastasis. There were 2 cases with positive surgical margin and 3 cases with Clavien-DindoⅠcomplications. The rate of 1-month and 3-month urinary continence were 47.1% and79.4%, respectively, 8 cases recovered erectile function after 3 month. Conclusions:Holographic image technology can promote cancer dissection completely, achieve urinary continence early and reduce perioperative complications tremendously. The technology is the "intraoperative security" for the accurate surgical treatment of prostate cancer.

10.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1059-1065, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910691

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the curative effect of suture anchor in the treatment of ankle joint fracture complicated with distal tibiofibular syndesmosis injury.Methods:From January 2017 to August 2019, data of 65 patients with Weber C type ankle fracture combined with posterior malleolus fracture in our hospital who underwent surgical treatment were retrospectively analyzed and were divided into two groups according to the treatment method of injury: suture-anchor repair group (suture-anchor was used to repair the anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament) and screw fixation group (cortical bone screw was used to fix the tibiofibular syndesmosis). Among them, 17 cases were treated with suture-anchors to repair the anterior inferior tibiafibular ligament, including 7 males, 10 females, 11 left and 6 right. In the Lauge-Hanson subgroup, there were 10 cases of pronation external rotation (PER), and 7 cases of pronation abduction (PA). The mean age was 43.76±15.83 years old. Forty-eight patients were treated with cortical screw fixation, including 33 males, 15 females, 34 left and 14 right. In the Lauge-Hanson subgroup, there were 30 cases of PER, and 18 cases of PA. The mean age was 39.90±13.57 years old. The differences in operation time, number of fluoroscopy, quality of reduction and postoperative complications were compared between the two groups. The ankle joint function was compared at 16 weeks postoperatively and at the last follow-up. The ankle joint function score was based on the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) hindfoot score.Results:All the 65 patients were followed up and the average follow-up time of 65 cases was 16.88±4.46 months. All the fractures were clinically healed 12-16 weeks after operation. The operative time of screw fixation group was 123.71±41.36 min, and the number of fluoroscopy was 25.17±16.29 times, while the operative time of suture-anchor repair group was 99.94±24.16 min and the number of fluoroscopy was 16.26±10.58 times. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( t=2.048, 2.175; P=0.045, 0.033). In the screw fixation group, the mean anterior and posterior distance of the tibiofibular syndesmosis was 3.15±1.35 mm, and 6.48±1.43 mm, respectively. In the suture-anchor repair group, the mean anterior distance of the syndesmosis was 2.06±1.47 mm, and the mean posterior distance of the syndesmosis was 6.76±1.78 mm. There was statistically significant difference in the distance of anterior distance of the syndesmosis ( t=3.328, P=0.002), while there was no statistically significant difference in the posterior distance of the syndesmosis ( t=0.701, P=0.486). The incidence of postoperative complications was 16.67% (8/48) in the screw fixation group and 5.88% (1/17) in the suture-anchor repair group, which was no statistically different ( χ2=1.282, P=0.258). The excellent and good rates of AOFAS ankle-hindfoot scores were 91.67% (44/48) in the screw fixation group and 88.24% (15/17) in the suture-anchor repair group at 16 weeks; 95.83% (46/48) in the screw fixation group and 94.12% (16/17) in the suture-anchor repair group at the last follow-up. There was no significant difference ( P >0.05). Conclusion:Compare with screw fixation in the treatment of acute distal tibiofibular syndesmosis injury, suture-anchor repair of anterior inferior tibiofibular ligament is a safe and effective method. It can increase the anatomical reduction rate of anterior distance of the syndesmosis, and reduce the operation time without increasing the incidence of complications.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910383

ABSTRACT

Parental exposure to ionizing radiation (IR) can induce mutation in germline that may lead to genome instability, chromosomal aberrations, sex ratio variations, increased cancer susceptibility, and even increased probability of birth defects among their offspring, which substantially increase the burden of hereditary diseases. Up to now, the hereditary effect of IR has been observed in a number of species, but there is lack of evidence in humans. With reference to related studies in China and globally, this article reviews the human epidemiological studies of the hereditary effect of IR and briefly discusses why the hereditary effect of IR is not obvious in humans, so as to provide a reference for future assessment of the hereditary effect of radiation in China.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910354

ABSTRACT

With the development of high-throughput sequencing technology, the high-dimensional massive data obtained in omics study puts forward new requirements for statistical analysis. In this case, the traditional theory of single hypothesis testing is no longer applicable, and the issue of multiple hypothesis testing has received increasing attention. This paper introduced three commonly used error measures in multiple testing-family-wise error rate (FWER), false discovery rate (FDR), and positive false discovery rate (pFDR), and the control process in radiobiological omics data analysis, in order to provide a reference for statistical analysis of radiobiological data.

13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2845-2855, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887847

ABSTRACT

Production of biofuels such as ethanol from non-grain crops may contribute to alleviating the global energy crisis and reducing the potential threat to food security. Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) is a commercial crop with high biomass yield. Breeding of starch-rich tobacco plants may provide alternative raw materials for the production of fuel ethanol. We cloned the small subunit gene NtSSU of ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (NtAGPase), which controls starch biosynthesis in tobacco, and constructed a plant expression vector pCAMBIA1303-NtSSU. The NtSSU gene was overexpressed in tobacco upon Agrobacterium-mediated leaf disc transformation. Phenotypic analysis showed that overexpression of NtSSU gene promoted the accumulation of starch in tobacco leaves, and the content of starch in tobacco leaves increased from 17.5% to 41.7%. The growth rate and biomass yield of the transgenic tobacco with NtSSU gene were also significantly increased. The results revealed that overexpression of NtSSU gene could effectively redirect more photosynthesis carbon flux into starch biosynthesis pathway, which led to an increased biomass yield but did not generate negative effects on other agronomic traits. Therefore, NtSSU gene can be used as an excellent target gene in plant breeding to enrich starch accumulation in vegetative organs to develop new germplasm dedicated to fuel ethanol production.


Subject(s)
Biomass , Gene Expression Regulation, Plant , Plant Breeding , Plant Leaves/genetics , Plants, Genetically Modified/metabolism , Starch , Tobacco/metabolism
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887488

ABSTRACT

The relevant provisions of bloodletting for expelling pathogens are collected from the works of the medical representative scholars in Jin-Yuan Dynasties and Ming-Qing Dynasties respectively to construct the databases of bloodletting for expelling pathogens of Jin-Yuan Dynasties and Ming-Qing Dynasties. Using frequency analysis, the bloodletting device, bloodletting location, bloodletting volume, the related pathogens and indications are compared between these two times so that the evidences could be provided for the inheritance and development of the academic thought of bloodletting for expelling pathogens. It is found that the three-edge needle is the most commonly used device for bloodletting in Jin-Yuan Dynasties and Ming-Qing Dynasties and


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Bloodletting , China , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Meridians , Needles
15.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1318-1322, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886899

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the dietary nutrient intake and nutritional status of children with autism spectrum disorder(ASD), and provide evidence for developing scientific and effective nutrition intervention measures for children with ASD.@*Methods@#Nutrient intake of 90 children with ASD were investigated by using 3 day 24 hour dietary survey, and the anthropological indexes were measured.@*Results@#Among the 90 ASD children aged 3-9, 31 of them were overweight and obese, accounting for 34.4%, three children were underweight, accounting for 3.3%, and one child was stunted, accounting for 1.1%. Dietary intakes of vitamin A, vitamin B 1, vitamin D, vitamin B 6, folic acid, calcium and iodine in all age groups of ASD children were insufficient, but the dietary intakes of copper, phosphorus and zinc exceeded the recommended intake level. More than 10% of the ASD children consume copper and magnesium more than the tolerable upper intake level. There were significant differences in the dietary intake of energy, fat and vitamin A among normal, overweight, obese and thin ASD children( χ 2=9.24, 10.03, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#Overweight and obesity, as well as the combination of insufficient and excessive nutrition in children with ASD is common. Personalized dietary nutrition intervention towards ASD children should be developed and implemented.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886875

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish an assay method for diphenhydramine hydrochloride and caffeine in rat plasma by UPLC-MS/MS for pharmacokinetic study. Methods The chromatographic separation was performed on an ACE 3 C18-PFP (3.0 mm×150 mm, 3 μm) by isocratic elution with the mobile phase of water containing 0.1% formic acid and acetonitrile (62:38, V/V). MS condition was optimized in the positive ion detection mode by multiple reaction monitoring (MRM), along with the Agilent JetStream electrospray source interface (AJS-ESI). The precursors to the product ion transitions were 256.2→167.0 (m/z) for diphenhydramine hydrochloride, 262.0→167.0 (m/z) for the internal standard (IS) diphenhydramine-D6, 195.0→138.0 (m/z) for caffeine and 204.0→116.2 (m/z) for the IS caffeine-D9. Results The calibration curve was linear in the range of 1-1×103 ng/ml for diphenhydramine hydrochloride in rat plasma (r=0.999 6), and in the range of 15-1.5×105 ng/ml for caffeine in rat plasma, (r=0.999 9). The intra-day and inter-day precision and accuracy were good (RSD<10%, RE<±10%). Pharmacokinetic studies showed that metabolic characteristics of diphenhydramine hydrochloride 10-30 mg/kg and caffeine 24-72 mg/kg were linear after intragastric administration. The two components were metabolized in rats with gender difference, the cmax and the AUC of diphenhydramine hydrochloride and caffeine were greater in female than those in males. Conclusion This method is accurate, rapid and sensitive. It can be used for the determination of diphenhydramine hydrochloride and caffeine in rat plasma collected for pharmacokinetic study. The results of pharmacokinetic studies in rats provide reliable data support for the clinical application of the compound preparation.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885900

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical significance of coagulation function related indicators in the prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 248 patients with non-small cell lung cancer from June 2014 to December 2017 in the Department of Oncology, Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Capital Medical University, were retrospectively analyzed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the best cutoff values of prognostic indicators,the Cox regression model was used for multivariate analysis, and the Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis.Results:ROC curve analysis showed that the best cutoff values for D-dimer (D-D), fibrinogen (FIB) and prothrombin time (PT)were 0.18 mg/L, 4.25 g/L and 12.0 s, respectively. Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that increased expression of D-D ( HR=1.197, 95% CI 1.100-1.303), PT ( HR=1.111, 95% CI 1.049-1.176) and FIB ( HR=1.510, 95% CI 1.276-1.788) were risk factors for the prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer ( P<0.001). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis results showed that the overall survival in the high expression group of D-D, FIB and PT was shorter than in of the low expression group ( P<0.001). Conclusion:D-D, PT and FIB are independent factors affecting the prognosis of non-small cell lung cancer.

18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880669

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the level and significance of serum γ-glutamyl transferase-to-platelet ratio (GPR) and monocyte count to high-density lipoprotein ratio (MHR) in patients with essential hypertension (EH) and unstable angina (UA).@*METHODS@#A total of 218 patients with coronary angiography aged ≥60 years, who were admitted to the EH hospital of the Department of Cardiac Medicine, Affiliated Hospital of Chengde Medical College, were selected from September 2018 to September 2019. They were divided into an EH+UA group (@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, patients in the EH+UA group and the EH group had higher body mass index (BMI), tyiglyceride (TG), GPR, and MHR, and lower high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) (all @*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a correlation between GPR, MHR and EH combined with UA pectoris, and the combined detection of the two indicators has adjuvant diagnostic value for elderly EH combined with UA.


Subject(s)
Aged , Angina, Unstable , Cholesterol, HDL , Coronary Angiography , Essential Hypertension , Humans , Lipoproteins, HDL , Monocytes
19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 138-145, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872606

ABSTRACT

Nanomedicine has great potential in cancer therapy, but the complex tumor microenvironment greatly prevents nanomedicine from being effectively delivered into tumor in vivo. It has been widely accepted that the encapsulated drugs in the nanoparticles have to go through five major cascading steps, including blood circulation, accumulation in tumor, penetration into the depth of tumor tissue, internalization by tumor cells and then intracellular drug release, before they can exert the anti-tumor efficacy. Among the five steps, drug accumulation in tumor and penetration in the depth of tumor have been the two major issues undermines the antitumor efficacy of nanomedicine. This paper summarizes the new major progress in improving the tumor accumulation and penetration of nanomedicine, especially the technologies that appeared or developed in the last five years.

20.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 510-514, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923078

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of long-term and low dose ionizing radiation on ocular lens opacities of residents living in areas with high natural radiation background(HNRB) in Yangjiang City, China. METHODS: A total of 483 Han residents from Yangjiang City(HNRB area) and 517 from Enping City(control area) were selected as study subjects using a cluster random sampling method. Questionnaire survey and lens examination were carried out. The risk factors of lens opacity and its severity were analyzed by logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: The prevalence rates of lens opacity, cortical opacity and posterior subcapsular opacity in HNRB area were higher than those in control area(60.7% vs 51.6%, 53.4% vs 46.8%, 21.9% vs 9.3%, all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in karyotype turbidity between HNRB area and control area(52.4% vs 47.6%, P>0.05). After adjusting for confounding factors including age, gender, cardiovascular/metabolic diseases, smoking, alcohol drinking and tea drinking, the unconditional logistic regression analysis results showed that the risk of ocular opacity, cortical opacity and posterior subcapsular opacity in residents of HNRB area was higher than that in control area(all P<0.05). Multivariate disordered logistic regression analysis results showed that residents in the HNRB area had a higher risk of grade two karyotype turbidity than grade one karyotype turbidity(P<0.01). Ordered logistic regression analysis results showed that residents in HNRB area had an increased risk of developing severe cortical turbidity(P<0.01). CONCLUSION: Long-term and low dose ionizing radiation exposure may increase the risk of ocular lens opacity, especially cortical and posterior subcapsular cataract, and affect the severity of the disease.

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