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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879046

ABSTRACT

The extract rates, multicomponent content and fingerprint were determined in this study to investigate the quality diffe-rence between standard decoction of raw Paeoniae Radix Alba and fried Paeoniae Radix Alba. UPLC fingerprint was established for 17 batches of standard decoction of raw and fried Paeoniae Radix Alba, and the contents of gallic acid, catechin, albiflorin, paeoniflorin and benzoyl paeoniflorin were determined. The peak areas of standard decoction were analyzed by the independent t-test and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis. There was no significant difference in extract rates between the standard decoction of raw and fried Paeoniae Radix Alba. After fried processing, the content of albiflorin increased by 0.26%, while the contents of gallic acid, catechin, paeoniflorin and benzoyl paeoniflorin decreased by 13.04%, 27.97%, 10.30% and 18.79% respectively. There were 14 common peaks in the fingerprint of standard decoction of raw Paeoniae Radix Alba, and 16 common peaks in the fried Paeoniae Radix Alba. Peak 1 and peak 3 were new ones after processing, among which the peak 3 was 5-hydroxymethylfurfural. The results showed that peak 1, peak 3, peak 11 and peak 15 were the key compounds to distinguish standard decoction of raw and fried Paeoniae Radix Alba. In conclusion, this method is stable and can be used for the study of quantity transfer and quality control in the preparation process of standard decoction, granules and other dosage forms for raw and fried Paeoniae Radix Alba, providing reference for the identification of raw and fried Paeoniae Radix Alba and related preparations.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Paeonia , Quality Control , Reference Standards
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885115

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between serum lipocalin-2 level and the risk of cardiovascular disease(CVD) in patients with type 2 diabetes.Methods:A total of 279 type 2 diabetic patients were enrolled in this study. Basic information and clinical data were collected. These patients were divided into CVD group and non-CVD group according to their cardiovascular disease status. Serum lipocalin-2 level was assessed by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay.Results:Compared to non-CVD group, serum lipocalin-2 level was significantly higher in CVD group( P<0.01). The Spearman correlation analysis showed that serum lipocalin-2 level was positively correlated with waist circumstance, diastolic blood pressure, uric acid, triglyceride, and HbA 1C( P<0.05), while negatively correlated with high density lipoprotein-cholesterol level( P<0.01). In addition, the univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that serum lipocalin-2 was an independent risk factor for CVD( P<0.01)after adjustment for potential confounders. Moreover, receiver operating characteristic curve analysis demonstrated that the area under curve value of lipocalin-2 was 0.74, with the optimal cutoff value of lipocalin-2 66.84 ng/mL. Conclusion:Serum lipocalin-2 is closely associated with CVD in patients with type 2 diabetes, which might be considered as one of the predictors for CVD in type 2 diabetes mellitus.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880066

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the distribution and drug resistance of pathogens sampled from the patients with bloodstream infection in the department of hematology of PLA General Hospital, so as to provide evidences for clinical prevention and control infection.@*METHODS@#From January 2014 to December 2017, A total of 286 cases-time positive blood culture samples from 212 patients in the department of hematology of the General Hospital of Chinese PLA were collected. The clinical characteristics of patients and the distribution and drug resistance of pathogens were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#182(63.64%) bacterial strains were Gram-negative, and the other 104(36.36%) were Gram-positive. There were 88 strains of Escherichia coli(30.77%), 34 strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa(11.89%), 26 strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae(9.09%), 25 strains of Staphylococcus epidermidis(8.74%), 20 strains of Gram-positive rods(6.99%), 16 strains of Staphylococcus hominis(5.59%), 11 strains of Etaphylococcus haemolyticus(3.85%), 10 strains of Staphylococcus aureus(3.50%), 6 strains of Staphylococcus capitis(2.10%), 5 strains of Acinetobacter baumannii(1.75%) and so on. Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae as Gram-negative bacteria were sensitive to amikacin. Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus aureus as Gram-positive bacteria were sensitive to vancomycin and nitrofurantoin.@*CONCLUSION@#The blood culture patients with bloodstream infection in department of hematology of our hospital confirmed that more infections are Gram-negative. The clinicians should choose suitable antibiotics according to the results of bacterial culture and drug sensitive test.


Subject(s)
Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Hematologic Diseases , Humans , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Retrospective Studies , Sepsis
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-847565

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Xianling Gubao Capsule can reduce bone loss and promote the formation of osteoblasts. Its efficacy in osteoporosis and fracture has been preliminarily confirmed, but its efficacy in postmenopausal female periodontitis has not been clarified. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of Xianling Gubao Capsule on alveolar bone mass in postmenopausal women with periodontitis by cone-beam CT, providing an effective basis for its clinical use. METHODS: One hundred and thirty-five patients with periodontitis diagnosed and treated in the Department of Stomatology, First Affiliated Hospital of Guiyang College of Traditional Chinese Medicine from October 2015 to April 2017 were enrolled. All patents were randomly divided into blank group (basic treatment), control group (basic treatment+vitamin D) and experimental group (basic treatment+Xianling Gubao Capsule), with 45 patients in each group. All patients received oral hygiene and health education, and were guided to brush their teeth correctly and self-control plaques. Basic treatments for periodontal disease were performed to eliminate plaque and calculus by cleaning and curing the gums, and smoothing the root surface, once 3 months for 6 continuous months. The control group received oral Calci-D (600 mg of calcium and 125 U of vitamin D per tablet), one tablet per day, for 6 continuous months. The experimental group was orally given Xianling Gubao Capsule 1.0 g/time, 3 times per day, 3 months as a course of treatment, for two consecutive courses. Cone-beam CT was used to detect the changes of bone mineral density and height of alveolar bone defect in all patients before treatment, 3 and 6 months after treatment. Ethics approval was obtained from the First Affiliated Hospital of Guiyang College of Traditional Chinese Medicine on May 29, 2015 (approval No. K2015-186). RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) Compared with the baseline, the alveolar bone defect height was significantly reduced in the experimental and control groups (P 0.05). The improvement of alveolar bone defect height and bone density was better in the experimental group than the control group (P 0.05). The alveolar bone defect height and bone mineral density of the patients older than 55 years had no changes (P > 0.05). (3) Alveolar bone defect height and bone mineral density were significantly improved in patients with mild and moderate periodontitis (P 0.05). To conclude, the treatment of periodontitis by Xianling Gubao Capsule can significantly improve the alveolar bone defect height and bone mineral density, and cone-beam CT can be used to evaluate its clinical efficacy.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826724

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of acupuncture combined with conventional symptomatic and supportive treatments on swallowing function and nutritional status in children with severe hand foot and mouth disease complicated with dysphagia.@*METHODS@#A total of 68 children with severe hand foot and mouth disease complicated with dysphagia were randomized into an observation group and a control group, 34 cases in each one. Symptomatic and supportive treatments such as lowering temperature, tranquilizing and mechanical ventilation were adopted in the control group. On the basis of the treatments in the control group, acupuncture was applied at Lianquan (CV 23), Jialianquan (Extra), cervical Jiaji (EX-B 2), Fengfu (GV 16), Fengchi (GB 20), Yamen (GV 15), scalp motor and sensory areas in the observation group, once a day, 6 times a week, one month as a course and totally 3 courses were required. Time spent on restoring swallowing function was observed in both groups. Besides, score of dysphagia disorder survey (DDS) and nutritional status were evaluated before and after treatment, and the clinical effects were compared.@*RESULTS@#The total effective rate was 91.2% (31/34) in the observation group, which was superior to 73.5% (25/34) in the control group (<0.05). The time of restoring swallowing function in the observation group was advanced than the control group (<0.05). Compared before treatment, the DDS scores after treatment were decreased in both groups, and the reduction in the observation group was larger than the control group (all <0.05). After the treatment, the normal rate of nutritional status was 61.8% (21/34) in the observation group, which was superior to 32.4% (11/34) in the control group (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#On the basis of conventional treatment, acupuncture can effectively treat the severe hand foot and mouth disease complicated with dysphagia, improve the swallowing function and nutritional status.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Child , Deglutition Disorders , Therapeutics , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Therapeutics , Humans , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781493

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical manifestations and laboratory features of B-ALL patients with EP300-ZNF384 fusion gene positive, so as to improve the understanding of this subtype disease.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 3 B-ALL patients with EP300-ZNF384 fusion gene positive admitted in Department of Hematology, the first medical center of Chinese PLA general hospital from February 2017 to February 2018 were collected and analyzed retrospectively. The clinical and laboratory characteristics as well as the therapentic outcome in B-ALL patients with EP300-ZNF384 fusion gene positive were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The fusion gene of EP300-ZNF384 was detected in 8.1%(3/37) of B-ALL patients. All cases showed the normal karyotype and aberrant CD13 and/or CD33 expression for immunophenotype. 3 patients were sensitive to traditional chemotherapy.@*CONCLUSION@#The B-ALL with EEP300-ZNF384 fusion gene positive may be a subgroup of B-ALL with a uniqe clinical characteristis and laboatorial features. EP300-ZNF384 positive patients show a good response to conventional chemotherapy, suggesting a favorable prognosis.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 366-373, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815853

ABSTRACT

"TCM syndrome of plague attack lung" is a classification of traditional Chinese medicine syndromes of the novel coronavirus pneumonia by the Beijing Municipal Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine. In this study, a mouse model combining disease with syndrome of human coronavirus pneumonia with cold-dampness pestilence attacking the lung was established for the first time, and the therapeutic effect of matrine sodium chloride injection was evaluated based on immune regulation and inflammatory damage. Lung index, lung index inhibition rate and HE stain were used to evaluate the therapeutic effect of matrine sodium chloride injection on the model mice; the viral load in lung tissue was measured by RT-PCR to evaluate its antiviral effect; the percentage of CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells and B cells were detected by flow cytometry to evaluate its immunomodulatory effect; the production of interleukin 6 (IL-6), IL-10, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ) were measured by ELISA to evaluate its anti-inflammatory effect. All interventions and operations in the experiment were approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of the Institute of Chinese Materia Medica, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, and conformed to the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals published by the US National Institutes of Health (NIH) and Beijing Experimental Animal Ethics Committee. The results showed that intraperitoneal injection of the high-dose (36.67 mL·kg-1·d-1) and low-dose (18.33 mL·kg-1·d-1) of matrine sodium chloride injection significantly improved the pathological damage of lung tissue and reduced lung index. The lung index inhibition rates were 86.86% and 76.53%, respectively. The production of IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, IFN-γ, as well as the viral load in lung tissue were reduced significantly compared to the model; the percentage of CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells and B cells in peripheral blood were increased compared to the model. These results indicated that the matrine sodium chloride injection has an evident therapeutic effect on the model, and its mechanism was related to the inhibition virus replication, regulation of immunity function and inhibition of inflammatory factor release. This study provided laboratory data support for matrine sodium chloride injection which was used to treat the novel coronavirus pneumonia in clinical in Hubei province. These results indicated that the matrine sodium chloride injection has a good prospect for prevention and treatment of the novel coronavirus pneumonia.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828020

ABSTRACT

According to the classification of traditional Chinese medicine syndromes of coronavirus disease 2019 by the national competent authority, this study determined that human coronavirus 229 E(HCoV-229 E) was infected in a mouse model of cold and dampness syndrome, so as to build the human coronavirus pneumonia with pestilence attacking lung syndrome model. The model can simulate the traditional Chinese medicine treatment of common disease syndromes in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Diagnosis and Treatment Program(the sixth edition for trial). Specific steps were as follows. ABALB/c mouse model of cold and dampness syndrome was established, based on which, HCoV-229 E virus was infected; then the experiment was divided into normal control group, infection control group, cold-dampness control group, cold-dampness infection group(the model group), high-dose Chaiyin Particles group(8.8 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), and low-dose Chaiyin Particles group(4.4 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)). On the day of infection, Chaiyin Particles was given for three consecutive days. Lung tissues were collected the day after the last dose, and the lung index and inhibition rate were calculated. The nucleic acid of lung tissue was extracted, and the HCoV-229 E virus load was detected by Real-time fluorescent quantitative RT-PCR. Blood leukocytes were separated, and the percentage of T and B lymphocytes was detected by flow cytometry. Lung tissue protein was extracted, and IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α and IFN-γ contents were detected by ELISA. High and low-dose Chaiyin Particles significantly reduced the lung index(P<0.01) of mice of human coronavirus pneumonia with pestilence attacking the lung syndrome, and the inhibition rates were 61.02% and 55.45%, respectively. Compared with the model control group, high and low-dose Chaiyin Particles significantly increased cross blood CD4~+ T lymphocytes, CD8~+T lymphocytes and total B lymphocyte percentage(P<0.05, P<0.01), and reduced IL-10, TNF-α and IFN-γ levels in lungs(P<0.01). In vitro results showed that TC_(50), TC_0, IC_(50) and TI of Chaiyin Particles were 4.46 mg·mL~(-1), 3.13 mg·mL~(-1), 1.12 mg·mL~(-1) and 4. The control group of in vitro culture cells had no HCoV-229 E virus nucleic acid expression. The expression of HCoV-229 E virus nucleic acid in the virus control group was 1.48×10~7 copies/mL, and Chaiyin Particles significantly reduced HCoV-229 E expression at doses of 3.13 and 1.56 mg·mL~(-1), and the expression of HCoV-229 E nucleic acid was 9.47×10~5 and 9.47×10~6 copies/mL, respectively. Chaiyin Particles has a better effect on the mouse model with human coronavirus pneumonia with pestilence attacking the lung syndrome, and could play a role by enhancing immunity, and reducing inflammatory factor expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Coronavirus 229E, Human , Coronavirus Infections , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Lung , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827961

ABSTRACT

To systematically review the effectiveness and safety of Pudilan Xiaoyan Oral Liquid on child upper respiratory infection and conduct Meta-analysis. We electronically retrieved databases, including PubMed, Web of Science, VIP, WanFang and CNKI, for published articles of randomized controlled trials(RCTs) of Pudilan Xiaoyan Oral Liquid on child upper respiratory infection from inception to April 2019. According to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, two reviewers independently screened out literatures, extracted data and assessed the risk of bias in included studies. Then, Meta-analysis were conducted by Stata 15.0 software. A total of 16 RCTs involving 1 924 patients with upper respiratory infection were included. The results of Meta-analysis showed that the improvement of clinical symptoms, such as fever subsided time(WMD=-3.66, 95%CI[-4.61,-2.72], P<0.001), cough time(WMD=-1.89, 95%CI[-2.51,-1.27], P<0.001), time of runny noses(WMD=-4.60, 95%CI[-5.85,-3.34], P<0.001) and time of sore throat(WMD=-2.62, 95%CI[-3.54,-1.70], P<0.001). Meanwhile, the results of Meta-analysis showed the improvement of laboratory indications, including TNF-α(WMD=-2.68, 95%CI[-2.98,-1.58], P<0.001) and IL-6(WMD=-2.26, 95%CI[-3.36,-2.36], P<0.01). The current evidence shows that Pudilan Xiaoyan Oral Liquid may significantly improve the effectiveness and safety. According to the limited quality of included studies, the above conclusion needs be to verified with more high-quality studies.


Subject(s)
Child , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Pharyngitis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878837

ABSTRACT

This paper aimed to investigate the active components and molecular mechanism of Xiao'er Resuqing Oral Liquid on hand, foot and mouth disease(HFMD) based on network pharmacology and molecular docking methods. The potential active components of 8 herbs in Xiao'er Resuqing Oral Liquid were selected through Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database(TCMSP), Batman database and relevant literature consultation. Then related targets for the medicine were analyzed through PubChem and Swiss Target Prediction database, while related targets for HFMD were analyzed through GeneCards platform. The common targets for medicine and disease were put into STRING database to obtain the potential targets of Xiao'er Resuqing Oral Liquid for treatment of HFMD. The Cytoscape software was used to establish the "herbs-components-targets-disease" network. The protein-protein interaction(PPI) network was constructed based on STRING platform and Cytoscape software to screen the core targets. Based on Metascape platform, GO function enrichment analysis and KEGG signal pathway enrichment analysis were carried out. The main active components and potential key targets of Xiao'er Resuqing Oral Liquid were verified by molecular docking with Autodock vina 1.1.2 software. A total of 118 potential active components and 123 potential targets for treatment of HFMD were collected. PPI network indicated a total of 23 key targets, such as AKT1, MAPK1, IL6, VEGFA, EGFR, TNF, HRAS, CCND1, and CXCL8. GO function enrichment analysis results showed that there were 381 GO biological processes, 127 GO cellular components, and 117 GO molecular functions(P<0.01). KEGG enrichment analysis showed that 116 signal pathways were obtained(P<0.01), and the results showed that it was mainly associated with TNF signal pathway, IL-17 signal pathway, inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, and cytokine-cytokine receptor interaction. Molecular docking results showed that the main active components all had a high binding ability with the main potential key targets. This study preliminarily investigated the multi-pathways, multi-targets and multi-components molecular mechanism of Xiao'er Resuqing Oral Liquid for treatment of HFMD, providing theoretical references for further researches on its active components and action mechanism.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation , Signal Transduction
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787762

ABSTRACT

Flood disaster is one of the most serious natural disasters in the world, and it could pose an inestimable impact on the affected people. Based on existing laws, regulations, and emergency manuals in China, extensive literature review, epidemiological and related protection evidence, and expert consultation, this study analyzed different health risk factors of flood disaster and proposed a multi-stage, multi-population, and multi-phase comprehensive protection measures for the public in the perspective of pre-event prevention, in-event intervention and post-event rescue strategy, which could provide a scientific basis for improving the level of public health protection against the flood disaster and corresponding health outcomes.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873342

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the therapeutic effect of Kesuting syrups and Keqing capsules, which have the function of promoting lung and resolving phlegm, on a mouse model combining disease and syndrome of human coronavirus pneumonia with cold-dampness pestilence attacking lung. Method:The therapeutic effects of Kesuting syrups (the doses of 22, 11 mL·kg-1) and Keqing capsules (the doses of 1.155, 0.577 5 g·kg-1) on this model were evaluated by the inflammatory changes of lung tissue, the expression of viral nucleic acid, the contents of inflammatory factors [interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interferon-γ (IFN-γ)], and the percentages of immune cells in peripheral blood (CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells and B cells). Result:Compared with the model group, high- and low-dose groups of Keqing capsules and Kesuting syrups could significantly reduce the inflammatory damage in the lung tissues of mice, Keqing capsules could significantly increase the percentages of CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells and B cells in peripheral blood, Keqing capsules and Kesuting syrups could reduce the expression levels of IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α and IFN-γ, inhibit the viral load in lung tissue, as well as improve the pathogenic manifestations of lung tissue. Conclusion:As the first-line drugs for novel coronavirus pneumonia, Keqing capsules and Kesuting syrups have significant therapeutic effect on the mouse model combining disease and syndrome of human coronavirus pneumonia with cold-dampness pestilence attacking lung, and the mechanism may be related to regulating immune function and reducing cytokine storm.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873309

ABSTRACT

Objective::To explore the regulatory effect of Longmu Guizhi decoction and its decomposed formula on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis of spontsneously hyoertensive rats (SHR) with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), so as to explain the scientific connotation of compound compatibility. Method::Young male SHR rats were randomly divided into saline control group, methylphenidate hydrochloride group(2 mg·kg-1), Longmu Guizhi decoction group(30 g·kg-1), Guizhi+ Longgu Muli decoction group(21 g·kg-1), Ganmai Dazaotang group(9.24 g·kg-1) and Polygalae Radix-Acori Tatarinowii Rhizome group(4.62 g·kg-1). The corresponding drugs were intragastrically administered for 14 days. Serum adrenocorticotropic hormone (CRH), adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and corticosterone (CORT) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA), and mRNA expressions of glucocorticoid receptor (GR), mineralocorticoid receptor (MR), CRH in hypothalamus and GR, MR in hippocampus were detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) method. Result::Serum CORT, ACTH and CRH, GR and CRH mRNA expressions of hypothalamus, GR and MR mRNA expressions of hippocampus in methylphenidate hydrochloride group and Longmu Guizhi decoction group were significantly higher than those of saline control group (P<0.05, P<0.01). MR mRNA expression of hypothalamus in Longmu Guizhi decoction group was significantly higher than that in the saline control group (P<0.05, P<0.01), and GR expression in hippocampus was significantly higher than that in the methylphenidate hydrochloride group (P<0.01). The dissection study showed that the levels of serum ACTH and CRH, MR mRNA, GR and CRH mRNA of hypothalamus, GR and MR mRNA of hippocampus in Guizhi+ Longgu Muli decoction group and Ganmai Dazaotang group were significantly higher than those in saline control group (P<0.05, P<0.01). The serum CORT level of Guizhi+ Longgu Muli decoction group was higher than that of normal saline group (P<0.01). The serum ACTH level of Polygalae Radix-Acori Tatarinowii Rhizome pair was significantly higher than that in saline control group(P<0.05). Conclusion::The mechanism of Longmu Guizhi decoction in treating ADHD is related to increase of the levels of CORT, ACTH and CRH in serum and the expressions of MR, GR, CRH in hypothalamus and GR and MR in hippocampus, so as to regulate the function of HPA axis. The order of the effect degree of each decomposition group on HPA axis function from high to low was Guizhi+ Longgu Muli decoction>Ganmai Dazao decoction>Polygalae Radix-Acori Tatarinowii Rhizome pair drug.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873177

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the therapeutic effect of Jinchai Kangbingdu capsule based on human coronavirus pneumonia with 'Hanshi Yidu Xifei' syndrome model, in order to provide experimental basis for evaluating its effect in preventing and treating coronavirus infection. Method:The 48 Balb/c mice were randomly divided into normal group, virus infection group, cold-dampness group, cold-dampness epidemic toxin lung syndrome model group, and high and low-dose Jinchai Kangbingdu capsule groups (1.76, 0.88 g·kg-1·d-1). A cold-dampness stimulation combined with human coronavirus 229E infection was used to imitate human coronavirus pneumonia with 'Hanshi Yidu Xifei' syndrome model. Behavioral characteristics, lung index, viral load, and lung tissue pathological changes in Balb/c mice were observed to evaluate the therapeutic effect of Jinchai Kangbingdu capsules. The contents of interleukin-6(IL-6),IL-10,tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α),interferon-γ(IFN-γ) in lung tissue and motilin(MTL),gastrin(GAS) in serum were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA), and the contents of CD4+ T cells, CD8 + T cells, and B cells in peripheral blood were detected by flow cytometry. Result:Compared with the cold-dampness epidemic toxin lung syndrome model group, Jinchai Kangbingdu capsule can increase the activity and response ability of 'Hanshi Yidu Xifei' syndrome model mice, and change the skin and stool status of mice. High and low-dose Jinchai Kangbingdu capsule groups can significantly reduce the lung index (P<0.01), while significantly increased the content of CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells, and B cells (P<0.05, P<0.01). Low-dose Jinchai Kangbingdu capsule group could significantly decrease the MTL content in serum and the levels of IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, IFN-γ in lung tissue (P<0.01), whereas alleviate the pathological damage of lung tissue. Conclusion:Jinchai Kangbingdu capsule showed a therapeutic effect on human coronavirus pneumonia with 'Hanshi Yidu Xifei' syndrome model, and can improve the behavioral characterization and gastrointestinal index level of cold-dampness syndrome, while reduce lung index and viral load in lung tissue. The mechanism may be related to the decrease of the content of inflammatory factors and the increase of the number of lymphocytes.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872800

ABSTRACT

Objective::To establish a rapid evaluation method for Cinnamomi Cortex decoction pieces by near infrared spectroscopy. Method::The contents of coumarin, cinnamalol, cinnamic acid and cinnamaldehyde in 86 batches of Cinnamomi Cortex of different origins were determined by HPLC. And the NIR spectra of different batches of Cinnamomi Cortex were also collected. With NIR spectrum as independent variable and coumarin, cinnamalol, cinnamic acid and cinnamaldehyde as dependent variables, a quantitative analysis model of four components in cinnamon was established by partial least squares method. Result::The correlation coefficients (r) of coumarin, cinnamic alcohol, cinnamic acid and cinnamaldehyde near infrared quantitative analysis models were 0.952 8, 0.977 7, 0.961 9, 0.992 2, root mean square error of cross(RMSEC) were 0.012 2, 0.006 1, 0.004 3, 0.82 g·g-1, root mean square errorof cross-validation(RMSECV) were 0.015 8, 0.011 2, 0.002 0, 1.481 1 g·g-1, and root mean square error of prediction(RMSEP) were 0.017 8, 0.010 3, 0.010 3, 0.005 5, 1.63 g·g-1. Conclusion::The established NIR quantitative analysis model of four active ingredients in Cinnamomi Cortex slices has a good accuracy, and provides a basis for rapid evaluation of the quality of Cinnamomi Cortex slices.

16.
Clinics ; 75: e1450, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101088

ABSTRACT

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic systematic autoimmune disease. Current methods of diagnosing SLE or evaluating its activity are complex and expensive. Numerous studies have suggested that neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) is closely correlated with the presence of SLE and its activity, suggesting that it may serve as a diagnostic and monitoring indicator for SLE. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to systematically assess the association between NLR and SLE. We performed a literature search until 12 April 2019 in the PubMed, Web of Science, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure databases. Cross-sectional studies comparing the NLR of SLE patients versus those of healthy controls, of active versus inactive SLE patients, and of SLE patients with versus without lupus nephritis were considered for inclusion. Mean intergroup NLR differences were estimated using standardized mean differences and their 95% confidence intervals. Study quality was assessed using the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality instrument for cross-sectional studies. Fourteen studies with 1,781 SLE patients and 1,330 healthy controls were included in this meta-analysis. The pooled results showed that the NLR was significantly higher in SLE patients than in healthy controls, in active SLE patients than in inactive SLE patients, and in SLE patients with lupus nephritis than in those without lupus nephritis. NLR may be an indicator for monitoring disease activity and reflecting renal involvement in SLE patients. Nevertheless, more high-quality studies are warranted to further validate our findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphocytes/pathology , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/blood , Neutrophils/pathology , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/diagnosis
17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 35-39, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-810392

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the feasibility and potential value of comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) in elderly (≥60 years) patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in China.@*Methods@#The CGA results of 83 newly diagnosed AML (non-APL) patients from 16 hospitals in Beijing and Tianjin between March 2016 and December 2017 were prospectively collected and analyzed. The clinical data, treatment and follow-up information were also collected.@*Results@#Of 83 newly diagnosed elderly AML patients, 81 patients (97.6%) completed all designated CGA assessment. The median number of impaired scales of the CGA assessment in the studied population was 2(0-6). Sixteen patients (19.3%) showed no impairments according to the geriatric assessment scales implem ented by this study. The distributions of impaired scales were as follows: impairment in ADL, 55.4%; IADL impairment, 42.2%; MNA-SF impairment, 48.2%; cognitive impairment, 15.7%; GDS impairment, 31.7%; HCT-CI impairment, 19.5%, respectively. In patients with "good" ECOG (n=46), the proportion of impairment for each CGA scale ranged from 6.5% to 37.0% and 32 patients (68.9%) had at least one impaired CGA scale. Survival analysis showed that the number of impaired scales of the CGA was significantly correlated with median overall survival (P=0.050).@*Conclusions@#CGA was a tool with feasibility for the comprehensive evaluation in elderly AML patients in China. Combined with age and ECOG, CGA may be more comprehensive in assessing patients’ physical condition.

18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1591-1598, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802558

ABSTRACT

Background@#Natural anti-sense transcripts (NATs), which are transcribed from the complementary DNA strand of annotated genes, exert regulatory function of gene expression. Increasing studies recognized anti-sense transcription widespread throughout human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) genome, whereas the anti-sense transcription of RNA1.2 gene locus has never been investigated. In this study, the transcription of the RNA1.2 anti-sense strand was investigated in clinically isolated HCMV strain.@*Methods@#Strand-specific high-through RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) was performed to find possible anti-sense transcripts (ASTs). For analyzing and visualization of RNA-seq data sets, Integrative Genomics Viewer software was applied. To confirm these possibilities, Northern blotting and rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) were used.@*Results@#Transcription of the opposite strand of RNA1.2 gene locus was detected by RNA-sequencing using RNAs extracted from human embryonic lung fibroblasts infected with HCMV clinical isolate HAN. At least three HCMV NATs, named RNA1.2 AST 1, RNA1.2 AST2, and RNA1.2 AST3, were characterized by Northern blotting and RACE analyses. These RNA1.2 ASTs orientated from the complementary strand of RNA1.2 locus during the late phase of HCMV infection. The 5′- and 3′-termini of these transcripts were located within the opposite sequence of the predicted RNA1.2 gene.@*Conclusion@#A cluster of novel NATs was transcribed from the opposite sequence of the HCMV RNA1.2 gene region.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802429

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the effect of Fengshi Qutong capsule on the migration, adhesion, invasion and tube formation of human synovial cells and the phosphorylation and protein expression of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2). Method: With human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) as the research object, low, middle and high-dose Fengshi Qutong capsule(0.02,0.1,0.5 μg·L-1) on HUVEC was determined by methye thiazolye telrazlium (MTT) colorimetric assay for the follow-up experiment. The transwell migration, adhesion and transwell invasion test were used to detect the migration and adhesion of the different concentrations of Fengshi Qutong capsule in HUVEC. The expression of VEGFR2 in HUVEC was detected by Western blot, and Real-time PCR was used to detect the content of VEGFR2 mRNA in cells. Result: Compared with normal group, the proliferation of HUVEC was significantly increased after 24 h and 48 h of VEGF induction (PPP-1 Fengshi Qutong capsule were administered in vitro for 48 h to inhibit HUVEC proliferation activity in a dose-dependent manner (PPPPConclusion: Fengshi Qutong capsule can inhibit the migration, adhesion, invasion and tube formation of HUVEC. This effect may be related to the inhibition of phosphorylation, and protein and mRNA expression level of VEGFR2.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802265

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Fengshi Qutong capsule (FSQTC) on protein kinase B(Akt) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Method:Collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) was induced in SD rats, and the synovial membranes of the knee joints were prepared after 19 days of oral administration of 0.25, 0.5, 1 g·kg-1 FSQTC. MH7A cells were induced by tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α, 20 μg·L-1) in vitro, and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) were induced by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). FSQTC (0.02, 0.1, 0.5 μg·L-1) were added to MH7A/HUVEC cells, and then the cells were collected. Proteins of synovial tissue, MH7A and HUVEC cells were extracted, and then were detected the expresstion of p-Akt, p-p38 MAPK, p-extracellular signal-regulated kinase(ERK) and p-Jun n-terminal kinase(JNK) by Western blot. Result:The expression levels of p-Akt, p-p38 MAPK, p-ERK and p-JNK in the synovial membrane of CIA model were significantly increased compared with normal group (P-1·d-1 FSQTC significantly decreased their expression levels (PPα or VEGF were increased (P-1 FSQTC (PPConclusion:FSQTC can down-regulate the abnormal activation of Akt and MAPK signaling pathways in the synovial membrane of CIA rats, fibroblast synovial cells and vascular endothelial cells, which is related to the inhibition of synovial angiogenesis in the treatment of RA.

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