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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 464-475, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016655

ABSTRACT

Based on the interaction between supramolecule of traditional Chinese medicine and enterobacteria, the material basis of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma and Coptidis Rhizoma was explored. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS) were used to characterize the morphological differences of Rhubarb single decoction, Coptis single decoction and Rhubarb and Coptis co-decoction. An in vitro antibacterial model (E. coli, E. faecium and B. subtilis) was established to evaluate the damage effect of the combination of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma and Coptidis Rhizoma on enterobacteria. Ultra high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) was used to analyze the changes of chemical components of single decoctions and co-decoctions. The co-decoction of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma and Coptidis Rhizoma was turbid after decocting. The spherical particles of 300-400 nm were observed under SEM, and the co-decoction was more uniform and stable than that of single decoction. The interaction between supramolecules formed after the combination of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma and Coptidis Rhizoma and enterobacteria was significantly different from that of single decoction. In the process of interaction between supramolecules and enterobacteria, the spherical state was maintained, and the medicinal ingredients in Coptidis Rhizoma or Rhei Radix et Rhizoma were blocked, which could effectively alleviate the damage to enterobacteria. This study provided a reference for subsequent studies on the regulation of intestinal flora homeostasis by the combination of Rhei Radix et Rhizoma and Coptidis Rhizoma.

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 923-927, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973778

ABSTRACT

Contact lens(CL)is currently one of the most common methods of vision correction, with more than 140 million users worldwide and the demand is rising yearly as constantly development of materials and features. Wearing CL can lead to a variety of complications such as dry eye, corneal abrasions, giant papillary conjunctivitis, and infectious keratitis is one of the most severe complications. According to research, bacteria account for 80%~95% of the pathogens that cause CL-associated infective keratitis, it may have been related to the bacterial composition, virulence mechanism, biofilm formation and the combined effect of the lens itself and the process of use, which is prone to introducing pathogens, reducing antimicrobial capacity of the cornea and tears and causing ocular surface hypoxia and ocular surface inflammation. Overnight and prolonged lens wear, irregular lens purchase, use and care procedures can also be risk factors for bacterial infections. This article reviews the studies on the pathogenesis, risk factors, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of CL-related bacterial keratitis.

3.
International Eye Science ; (12): 833-842, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972412

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the clinical application value of analysis system for ultrasound biomicroscopy(UBM)images of anterior chamber angle(ACA)based on deep learning algorithm.METHODS: A total of 4 196 UBM images were obtained from 675 patients(1 130 eyes)at the Eye Center of Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from January 2021 to June 2022 were collected to build an image dataset. Using Unet++network to automatically segment ACA tissue, a support vector machine(SVM)algorithm was developed to automatically classify opening and closing of chamber angle, and an algorithm to automatically locate the sclera spur and measure ACA parameters was developed. Furthermore, a total of 631 UBM images of 127 subjects(221 eyes)at Huangshi Aier Eye Hospital and 594 UBM images of 188 subjects(257 eyes)at Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University were selected to evaluate the performance of the system under different environments.RESULTS: The accuracy of the analysis system constructed in this study for chamber angle opening and closing was 95.71%. The intra-class correlation coefficient(ICC)values of all ACA angle parameters were greater than 0.960. ICC values of all ACA thickness parameters were greater than 0.884. The accurate measurement of ACA parameters depended in part on the accurate location of the scleral spur.CONCLUSION: The intelligent analysis system constructed in this study can accurately and effectively evaluate ACA images automatically and is a potential screening tool for the rapid identification of ACA structures.

4.
World Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (4): 247-249, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972345

ABSTRACT

@#Hemorrhagic shock is a life-threatening disease often encountered in emergency departments (EDs). Hemorrhagic shock caused by extensive bleeding from multiple sites is often associated with high mortality and morbidity. In recent years, resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta (REBOA) has been widely used in traumatic hemorrhagic shock and is considered to be an effective resuscitation measure.[1] Some studies reported that REBOA was also effective for non-traumatic hemorrhage.[2,3] In this study, we report a case of hemorrhagic shock caused by acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding that was successfully treated and received REBOA to obtain a transition time. This report may provide feasible options for emergency physicians, gastroenterologists, or surgeons to more actively treat refractory gastrointestinal bleeding.

5.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 181-184, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993304

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the impact of different portal exposure techniques in the Kasai surgery on children with type Ⅲ. biliary atresia during their different perioperative periods.Methods:A retrospective study was performed on the data of children with type Ⅲ. biliary atresia who underwent Kasai surgery at Fujian Children's Hospital from January 2017 to October 2020. Of 45 children enrolled in this study, there were 24 males and 21 females, aged (71.3±21.0) days. Patients who had left and right branches of the portal vein and the left and right hepatic arteries in the portal area being completely freed and elastically stretched during the Kasai operation were included into the free group ( n=22) and the remaining patients were included in the control group ( n=23). Postoperative hospital stay, postoperative direct bilirubin levels, postoperative complications and transplant-free survival after the Kasai operation were compared between the 2 groups. Results:Postoperative hospital stay of (17.1±4.4) d in the free group was significantly lower than that in the control group (20.1±5.4) d, ( t=2.07, P=0.044). The direct bilirubin level at 3 months after surgery for the control group was 30.0 (109, 108.0)μmol/L, which was significantly higher than that of 14.5 (4.0, 37.5) μmol/L in the free group ( Z=-2.16, P=0.031). Twenty-one patients (91.3%) in the control group had frequent attacks of postoperative cholangitis, compared with 13 patients (59.1%) in the free group. The difference was statistically significant (χ 2=4.69, P=0.030). Eleven surviving patients (47.8%) in the control group did not undergo liver transplantation at one year after surgery, compared with 15 patients (68.2%) in the free group. At two years after surgery, 7 surviving patients (30.4%) in the control group did not undergo liver transplantation compared with 10 patients (45.5%) in the free group. Conclusion:For children with type Ⅲ. biliary atresia, completely freeing the left and right branches of portal vein, and left and right hepatic arteries in the liver portal area, and elastically stretching these vessels to expose the portal area of the liver during Kasai surgery increased surgical safety and reduced hospital stay.

6.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E220-E227, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987939

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore how hyaluronic acid ( HA) in extracellular matrix regulates the adhesion ofCD44+tumor cells. Methods MDA-MB-231 cells or HL60 cells were perfused in a parallel plate chamber. Themovement of cells over immobilized HA was observed and analyzed to obtain the characteristics of cell adhesionand rolling. Results The adhesion number of MDA-MB-231 cells on HA substrate was positively regulated by HAconcentration, but not by HA molecular weight. Compared with physically adsorbed HA, immobilized HA byavidin-biotin could significantly improve the cell adhesion ratio. With the increase of shear stress in the range of30-50 mPa, the rolling velocity of cells increased and the adhesion ratio decreased, but the tether lifetime of cellswas not affected. In the same flow field, compared with MDA-MB-231 cells, HL60 cells with low expression ofCD44 rolled more quickly on immobilized HA, with shorter tether lifetime and much lower adhesion ratio(<1. 5% ). Conclusions Fluid shear stress might mediate the rolling velocity of MDA-MB-231 cells by regulatingthe CD44-HA association rate rather than their dissociation rate. The interaction between CD44 and HA is involved in the initial adhesion of HL60 cells, but it does not play a major role. This study will provide references for the design of anti-tumor drugs.

7.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 158-162, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965859

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To evaluate the pharmacodynamics of human interferon(IFN)α1b against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2(SARS-CoV-2)Omicron strain in vitro.Methods Total four drugs human IFNα1b bulk,human IFNα1b eye drops,human IFNα1b spray and Remdesivir were detected for cytotoxicity by CCK-8 assay.The inhibitory effect of human IFNα1b on SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strains(BA.5/BA.2/BA.1)was determined by qPCR.Results Human IFNα1b bulk of the maximum concentration(1 × 107IU/mL)and Remdesivir of the maximum concentration(150 μmol/L)did not achieve half cytotoxicity to Vero cells;The median cytotoxicity concentrations(CC_(50))of human IFNα1b eye drops and human IFNα1b sprays were 29 958 and 37 550 IU/mL,respectively,showing toxicity to Vero cells.The median effective concentrations(EC_(50))of human IFNα1b against virus strains BA.1,BA.2 and BA.5 after incubation for 2 h in advance were 9.30,13.38 and 12.33 IU/mL and those of Remdesivir were 0.314 7,0.291 0 and0.300 3 μmol/L.When incubation with virus simultaneously,the EC_(50)of human IFNα1b to BA.1,BA.2 and BA.5 were19.68,10.91 and 18.84 IU/mL and those of the control drug Remdesivir were 0.320 5,0.274 4 and 0.304 1 μmol/L,respectively.Conclusion At the cell level in vitro,human IFNα1b of very low activity showed a good inhibitory effect on SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain,which was expected to be a clinical specific drug for the treatment of SARS-CoV-2 Omicron strain infection.

8.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 244-253, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965839

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo observe the effects of fire-needle of Lingnan on the vitiligo model after hydroquinone-induced oxidative stress based on the Hippo-YAP signaling pathway. MethodsC57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into normal group (Control), model group (HQ), HQ+fire-needle group (FA), and positive control group (Halometasone), with 8 mice in each group. The vitiligo model was prepared by hydroquinone (HQ). The skin pathological changes were observed by depigmentation score, HE staining and Masson-Fontana. Elisa was used to detect the levels of tyrosinase (TYR), malondialdehyde (MDA) and monoamine oxidase (MAO).Western-blot and PCR were used to detect the expression of Yap1 and Tp73 among the groups. ResultsCompared with the control group, the epidermis and dermis were significantly thicker. The number of melanocyte hair follicles, basal melanocytes, epidermal cells containing melanin granules were significantly decreased, and the depigmentation score was significantly reduced(P<0.01). The level of TYR decreased, and the levels of MDA and MAO increased after modeling(P<0.01). The expression of Yap1 and Tp73 were significantly reduced (P<0.01). The dermis became thinner in the halometasone and FA group after treatment of 4 weeks. The number of melanocyte hair follicles, basal melanocytes, epidermal cells containing melanin granules increased (P<0.05). Compared with that of the HQ group, the level of TYR in the halometasone group and FA group was significantly increased (P<0.01). The levels of MDA and MAO in the FA group were decreased (P<0.05). The expressions of Yap1 and Tp73 in the FA group were significantly increased (P<0.01), and their effects were better than those in the Halometasone group (P<0.05). ConclusionsFire-needle of Lingnan protects melanocytes from oxidative stress by activating the Hippo-YAP pathway. It enhances the synthesis and function of melanocytes and promotes repigmentation by reducing the content and activity of oxidative stress products.

9.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 122-130, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961838

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo analyze the risk factors for in-hospital mortality in patients with Takotsubo Syndrome (TTS). MethodsHospitalization data of consecutive patients with TTS from February 2009 to January 2022 were retrospectively collected and analyzed. Patients were divided into survival group and death group according to outcomes. The basic clinical information, triggering factors, laboratory examinations, electrocardiogram, echocardiography, complications and treatments of the two groups were compared. Univariable logistic regression analysis was used to screen the possible risk factors for in-hospital mortality in TTS patients, and multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent risk factors for in-hospital mortality in TTS patients. ResultsA total of 62 TTS patients were included in our study, including 21 males (33.9%), 41 females (66.1%) and 26 postmenopausal women (41.9%), with the mean age of (55.6±16.2) years, and physical triggers were found in 50 patients (80.6%). 17 patients (27.4%) died while 45 patients (72.6%) survived during hospitalization. The death group had lower systolic blood pressure and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), higher incidence rate of syncope, higher level of N-terminal pro-B natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and hypersensitive troponin T (hs TnT) when compared with survival group (all P value <0.05). As for the triggering factors, the proportion of TTS induced by neurologic disorders in the death group was higher than that in the survival group (P<0.05). The death group had higher rates of cardiogenic shock, malignant ventricular arrhythmia, atrial fibrillation, and respiratory failure (all P value <0.05). Compared with the survival group, therapeutic dopamine, therapeutic norepinephrine, hemodialysis and mechanical ventilation were higher in the death group (all P value <0.05). Univariable logistic regression analysis suggested that syncope, NT-proBNP, LVEF, neurologic disorders, cardiogenic shock, malignant ventricular arrhythmia, atrial fibrillation, respiratory failure, therapeutic dopamine, therapeutic norepinephrine, hemodialysis and mechanical ventilation were potential risk factors for in-hospital mortality in TTS patients (all P value <0.05). Multivariable logistic regression analysis indicated that neurologic disorders [OR(95%CI)=5.651(1.195,26.715),P=0.029], atrial fibrillation [OR(95%CI)=6.217(1.276,30.298), P=0.024)] and therapeutic norepinephrin [OR(95%CI)=8.847(1.912,40.949), P=0.005] were independent risk factors for in-hospital mortality in TTS patients. ConclusionsNeurologic disorders, atrial fibrillation and therapeutic norepinephrin are independent risk factors for in-hospital mortality in patients with Takotsubo Syndrome. Clinically, attention should be paid to the prevention and treatment of neurologic disorders and atrial fibrillation; norepinephrine should be carefully used in patients with diagnosed TTS complicated with hemodynamic instability.

10.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 921-928, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008147

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the diagnostic efficacy of American Thyroid Association(ATA)guidelines,American College of Radiology Thyroid Imaging Report and Data System(ACR-TIRADS),and Chinese Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System(C-TIRADS)alone and combined with BRAFV600E mutation in atypia of undetermined significance/follicular lesion of undetermined significance(AUS/FLUS).Methods A total of 138 patients who underwent ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration(FNA)in the Chinese PLA General Hospital from January 2020 to May 2023 were selected.The clinicopathological and ultrasound characteristics were retrospectively analyzed for each nodule.Each nodule underwent preoperative BRAFV600E mutation testing and was diagnosed according to the ATA guidelines,ACR-TIRADS,and C-TIRADS.The diagnostic efficacy of ATA guidelines,ACR-TIRADS,and C-TIRADS alone and combined with BRAFV600E mutation was assessed based on the results of histopathological diagnosis.Results The 138 AUS/FLUS thyroid nodules included 45(32.6%)benign ones and 93(67.4%)malignant ones.The patient age(t=1.444,P=0.151),gender(χ2=0.259,P=0.611),and location of nodules(χ2=2.055,P=0.358)had no statistical significance for the differentiation between benign and malignant nodules,while nodule size(Z=2.500,P=0.012),echo(χ2=14.693,P<0.001),composition(χ2=17.075,P<0.001),aspect ratio ≥1(χ2=9.477,P=0.002),and microcalcification(χ2=6.892,P=0.009)were of significance for the differentiation.When applied alone,BRAFV600E mutation showed high specificity(95.56%)and positive predictive value(95.65%).Among the three ultrasound grading systems,ACR-TIRADS had the highest sensitivity(χ2=37.923,P<0.001;χ2=40.462,P<0.001)and accuracy(χ2=81.595,P<0.001;χ2=76.912,P<0.001),while C-TIRADS had the highest specificity(χ2=11.746,P<0.001;χ2=21.235,P<0.001).However,the three systems showed no statistically significant difference in the diagnostic efficiency when applied alone(Z=1.177,P=0.239;Z=0.213,P=0.831;Z=1.016,P=0.310).The combination of BRAFV600E mutation with ACR-TIRADS or C-TIRADS improved the diagnostic efficacy of BRAFV600E mutation in distinguishing the benign and malignant AUS/FLUS nodules(Z=2.107,P=0.035;Z=2.752,P=0.006).The combination of ATA guidelines with BRAFV600E mutation increased the diagnostic accuracy of BRAFV600E mutation(χ2=20.679,P<0.001),while it had no statistically significant difference in distinguishing the benign and malignant AUS/FLUS nodules(Z=1.321,P=0.186).The combination of ATA guidelines,ACR-TIRADS,or C-TIRADS with BRAFV600E mutation improved the diagnostic efficacy of ultrasound grading systems for AUS/FLUS nodules(Z=2.770,P=0.006;Z=2.770,P=0.006;Z=2.890,P=0.004).Specifically,ACR-TIRADS combined with BRAFV600E mutation showed the highest sensitivity(χ2=4.712,P=0.030;χ2=4.712,P=0.030),while C-TIRADS combined with BRAFV600E mutation showed the highest accuracy(χ2=77.627,P<0.001;χ2=85.827,P<0.001).However,there were no statistically significant differences in diagnostic performance between the combinations(Z=1.276,P=0.202;Z=0.808,P=0.419;Z=1.615,P=0.106).Conclusion ATA guidelines,ACR-TIRADS,and C-TIRADS combined with BRAFV600E mutation can improve the diagnostic efficacy of BRAFV600E mutation or ultrasound grading system alone in AUS/FLUS nodules,which can facilitate the further management and treatment of such patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , United States , Thyroid Neoplasms/genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/genetics , Adenocarcinoma, Follicular/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Data Systems , Thyroid Nodule/genetics , Ultrasonography/methods , Mutation , China , Radiology
11.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 1028-1044, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007879

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore whether the protein Deglycase protein 1 (DJ1) can ameliorate Alzheimer's disease (AD)-like pathology in Amyloid Precursor Protein/Presenilin 1 (APP/PS1) double transgenic mice and its possible mechanism to provide a theoretical basis for exploring the pathogenesis of AD.@*METHODS@#Adeno-associated viral vectors (AAV) of DJ1-overexpression or DJ1-knockdown were injected into the hippocampus of 7-month-old APP/PS1 mice to construct models of overexpression or knockdown. Mice were divided into the AD model control group (MC), AAV vector control group (NC), DJ1-overexpression group (DJ1 +), and DJ1-knockdown group (DJ1 -). After 21 days, the Morris water maze test, immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, and western blotting were used to evaluate the effects of DJ1 on mice.@*RESULTS@#DJ1 + overexpression decreased the latency and increased the number of platform traversals in the water maze test. DJ1 - cells were cured and atrophied, and the intercellular structure was relaxed; the number of age spots and the expression of AD-related proteins were significantly increased. DJ1 + increased the protein expression of Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (NRF2), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), light chain 3 (LC3), phosphorylated AMPK (p-AMPK), and B cell lymphoma-2 (BCL-2), as well as the antioxidant levels of total superoxide dismutase (T-SOD), total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), and Glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX), while decreasing the levels of Kelch-like hydrates-associated protein 1 (Keap1), mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), p62/sequestosome1 (p62/SQSTM1), Caspase3, and malondialdehyde (MDA).@*CONCLUSION@#DJ1-overexpression can ameliorate learning, memory, and AD-like pathology in APP/PS1 mice, which may be related to the activation of the NRF2/HO-1 and AMPK/mTOR pathways by DJ1.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Alzheimer Disease/therapy , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor/metabolism , Antioxidants/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Hippocampus/metabolism , Kelch-Like ECH-Associated Protein 1/metabolism , Mammals/metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Transgenic , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/metabolism , Presenilin-1/metabolism , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism
12.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 850-861, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007858

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#No consensus exists on the relative risk ( RR) of lung cancer (LC) attributable to active smoking in China. This study aimed to evaluate the unified RR of LC attributable to active smoking among the Chinese population.@*METHODS@#A systematic literature search of seven databases was conducted to identify studies reporting active smoking among smokers versus nonsmokers in China. Primary articles on LC providing risk estimates with their 95% confidence intervals ( CIs) for "ever" "former" or "current" smokers from China were selected. Meta-analysis was used to estimate the pooled RR of active smoking.@*RESULTS@#Forty-four unique studies were included. Compared with that of nonsmokers, the pooled RR (95% CI) for "ever" "former" and "current" smokers were 3.26 (2.79-3.82), 2.95 (1.71-5.08), and 5.16 (2.58-10.34) among men, 3.18 (2.78-3.63), 2.70 (2.08-3.51), and 4.27 (3.61-5.06) among women, and 2.71 (2.12-3.46), 2.66 (2.45-2.88), and 4.21 (3.25-5.45) in both sexes combined, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#The RR of LC has remained relatively stable (range, 2-6) over the past four decades in China. Early quitting of smoking could reduce the RR to some extent; however, completely refraining from smoking is the best way to avoid its adverse effects.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Smoking/epidemiology , Smoking Cessation , Smokers , Risk , Lung Neoplasms/etiology , Risk Factors
13.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 575-586, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007773

ABSTRACT

Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), a prevalent sleep disorder in children, is characterized by recurring upper airway obstruction during sleep. OSAS in children can cause intermittent hypoxia and sleep fragmentation, ultimately affect brain development and further lead to cognitive impairment if lack of timely effective intervention. In recent years, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and electroencephalogram (EEG) have been employed to investigate brain structure and function abnormalities in children with OSAS. Previous studies have indicated that children with OSAS showed extensive gray and white matter damage, abnormal brain function in regions such as the frontal lobe and hippocampus, as well as a significant decline in general cognitive function and executive function. However, the existing studies mainly focused on the regional activity, and the mechanism of pediatric OSAS affecting brain networks remains unknown. Moreover, it's unclear whether the alterations in brain structure and function are associated with their cognitive impairment. In this review article, we proposed two future research directions: 1) future studies should utilize the multimodal neuroimaging techniques to reveal the alterations of brain networks organization underlying pediatric OSAS; 2) further investigation is necessary to explore the relationship between brain network alteration and cognitive dysfunction in children with OSAS. With these efforts, it will be promising to identify the neuroimaging biomarkers for monitoring the brain development of children with OSAS as well as aiding its clinical diagnosis, and ultimately develop more effective strategies for intervention, diagnosis, and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Sleep Apnea, Obstructive/complications , Cognition , Hypoxia/complications , Hippocampus , Frontal Lobe
14.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 996-1005, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007433

ABSTRACT

Bibliometric and scientific knowledge graph methods were used to analyze the research status and hot spots of acupuncture-moxibustion in treatment of myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) and explore its development trend. The articles of both Chinese and English versions relevant to MPS treated by acupuncture-moxibustion were searched in CNKI, VIP, Wanfang, SinoMed and WOS from the database inception to March 20, 2023. Using Excel2016, CiteSpace6.2.R2 and VOSviewer1.6.18, the visual analysis was conducted by means of the cooperative network, keyword co-occurrence, keyword timeline, keyword emergence, etc. From Chinese databases and WOS database, 910 Chinese articles and 300 English articles were included, respectively. The annual publication volume showed an overall rising trend. Literature output of English articles was concentrated in Spain, China, and the United States, of which, there was less cross-regional cooperation. In the keyword analysis, regarding acupuncture-moxibustion therapy, Chinese articles focused on "acupuncture", "electroacupuncture" and "acupotomy"; while, "dry needling" and "injection" were dominated for English one. Clinical study was the current hot spot in Chinese databases, in comparison, the randomized controlled double-blind clinical trial was predominant in WOS. Both Chinese and English articles were limited in the report of mechanism research. The cooperation among research teams should be strengthened to conduct comparative research, dose-effect research and effect mechanism research with different methods of acupuncture-moxibustion involved so that the evidences can be provided for deeper exploration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Moxibustion , Pattern Recognition, Automated , Acupuncture Therapy , Myofascial Pain Syndromes/therapy , Electroacupuncture
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3099-3107, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999047

ABSTRACT

Taking berberine (BBR) as an example, to study whether the supramolecular hydrogel formed by berberine and lotus root starch (Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn; LRS), a natural polysaccharide, affects the inhibition to Staphylococcus aureus and the ability of biofilm clearance. The chemical structure and rheological properties of BBR@LRS gel were characterized by infrared spectroscopy and rheometer. The in vitro release of supramolecular hydrogel was observed at pH = 1.2 and pH = 7.4. Broth dilution method and biofilm clearence experiment were used to observe the bacteriostasis and biofilm clearance respectively. Cytotoxicity test and in vitro hemolysis test were used to evaluate the biosafety preliminarily. The results showed that the LRS polysaccharide hydrogel could encapsulate BBR, and there was an interaction between them. The BBR@LRS gel had good rheological properties and biosafety, and played a role in solubility enhancement and slow release of BBR, which was stronger than BBR in inhibiting the growth of Staphylococcus aureus and clearing biofilm. This study provides reference for the effect of natural polysaccharide supramolecular hydrogels on biological functions of active components of traditional Chinese medicine.

16.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 1046-1052, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998998

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo clarify the value of the left ventricular longitudinal strain(LVLS)parameters in patients with cardiac amyloidosis (CA) and primary hypertension with left ventricular hypertrophy (HLVH). MethodsForty-one patients confirmed with CA were selected and assigned to CA with hypertension group (n =14) and pure CA group (n=27) based on the initial diagnosis with or without hypertension. Twenty patients with primary hypertension-induced left ventricular hypertrophy (HLVH group) and twenty healthy controls were also selected, matching for gender, age, and body surface area. Clinical data, conventional echocardiography parameters were collected and LVLS parameters were measured. Within-group variations were compared among the four groups, and pairwise comparisons were conducted between groups. The sensitivity and specificity of each parameter in predicting CA were judged by the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curvy in CA and HLVH patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) preserved. ResultsAmong the conventional echocardiography parameters, LVEF and left ventricular end-diastolic diameter (LVEDD) were lower in the CA with hypertension group and pure CA group compared with the higher values in the HLVH group and control group. Whereas, left ventricular posterior wall thickness (LVPWT), relative wall thickness (RWT), and average E/e' were higher in the two CA groups compared with the HLVH group (all P<0.05).Among the LVLS parameters, Global longitudinal strain (GLS) was the worst in the CA with hypertension group so as pure CA group, modest in the HLVH group, and highest in the control group. On the contrary, relative longitudinal strain and ejection fraction strain ratio (EFSR) were the highest in the CA with hypertension group so as to pure CA group, modest in the HLVH group, and lowest in the control group (all P<0.05). ROC analysis showed that when LVEF was preserved, the absolute value of GLS less than 14.35% and EFSR higher than 4.28 could effectively distinguish CA from HLVH (all AUCs>0.9,all P<0.05); meanwhile GLS showed high sensitivity(100%) and EFSR showed great specificity(95%). There were not statistically significance in any parameter between CA with hypertension group and pure CA group(all P>0.05). ConclusionWhether CA was complicated with hypertension or not, there were statistically significance among routine echocardiography and LVLS parameters compared with HLVH. In particular, GLS and EFSR are accurate in predicting CA in patients with myocardial hypertrophy and preserved LVEF.

17.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 483-488, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013938

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the role of TGF-β/Smad signaling pathway in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) - associated postinterstitial pulmonary fibrosis in mice. Methods The mouse model of RA was constructed by subcutaneous administration of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) and chicken II collagen (Col-II) to the tail root of mice. The blank group was given the same amount of distilled water, and the control group was given the same amount of glacial acetic acid (solvent). The degree of toe swelling (joint swelling degree and arthritis index) was monitored to evaluate the mouse modeling. The pathological changes of mouse lung tissues were observed by HE and Masson staining. The expression of TGF-β in lung tissues were observed by immunohistochemical staining. The level of hydroxyproline in lung tissues was measured by chemiluminescence method. The expressions of Smad2, Smad3 and phosphorylated p-Smad2 and phosphorylated p-Smad3 in lung tissues were detected by Western blot. Results Compared with blank group and solvent group, the joint swelling and arthritis index of model group significantly increased. Twenty-one days after administration, HE staining showed inflammatory changes in lung interstitium of the model group, Masson staining showed collagen fiber deposition and obvious fibrosis in lung interstitium of the model group, and immunohistochemical staining showed that the expression of TGF-β in cytoplasm of lung interstitial cells of the model group increased, which was brown and yellow. Meanwhile, hydroxyproline was significantly raised in lung tissue homogenate of the model group. Further WB analysis showed that compared with blank group and solvent group, the expression of p-Smad2 and pSmad3 in lung tissues of the model group was significantly up-regulated (P < 0. 05, P < 0. 01). Conclusions RA can give rise to pulmonary fibrosis, and the expressions of p-Smad2 and p-Smad3 are up-regulated, which is be pivotal in pulmonary fibrosis and RA-related post-interstitial pulmonary fibrosis.

18.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 332-339, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013861

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effects of astragalus polysaccharides on the improvement of liver and kidney injury and the regulation of intestinal flora structure in cadmium exposed rats. Methods Rats exposed to cadmium were established by intraperitoneal injection of CdCl2. After continuous intragastric administration of astragalus polysaccharides for five weeks, urine, liver, kidney and feces were collected. The cadmium residues in urine, liver and kidney were detected by Graphite Furnace Atomic absorption spectrometry, the pathological changes of liver and kidney were observed by HE staining, and Illumina PE250 sequencing and bioinformatics software were used to analyze the structure of intestinal flora. Results After intraperitoneal injection of CdCl2, the accumulation of cadmium in urine, liver and kidney increased significantly, some liver and kidney cells showed pathological damage such as swelling, necrosis and inflammatory cell infiltration. Chao, ace and shannon indexes decreased significantly, while simpson index increased significantly. The number of OTU decreased. And the abundance of Ruminococcus, Bacteroides, Flavonifractor, Roseburia and Elusmicrobium decreased significantly, but Lactobacillus, that of Lachnospiracea_incertae_sedis, Parasutterella, Clostridium XlVb, Clostridium XI, Integinimonas and Fusobacterium increased significantly. Compared with the normal control group, the differences was statistically significant(P<0.05 or P<0.01). After intragastric administration of astragalus polysaccharides, cadmium accumulation in urine, liver and kidney decreased significantly, liver and kidney cell damage alleviated, and inflammatory cell infiltration reduced. Chao, ace and shannon index increased markedly, and simpson index decreased significantly. OTU number increased. And the bundance of Prevotella, Bacteroides, Parasutterella, Elismicrobium and Barnesiella raised significantly, that of Ruminococcus, Oscillibacter, Flavonifractor, Clostridium XlVa, Roseburia, Lactobacillus, Ruminococcus2, Lachnospiracea_incertae_sedis, Clostridium IV, Clostridium XlVb, Clostridium XI and integinimonas decreased significantly, which was statistically significant compared with the group exposed to cadmium alone(P<0.05 or P<0.01). Conclusions Astragalus polysaccharides may improve liver and kidney injury by reducing cadmium accumulation and regulating the structure of intestinal flora in cadmium exposed rats.

19.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1217-1221, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013759

ABSTRACT

Depression is one of the most common psychiatric disorders with high prevalence, disability and relapse rates, and its etiology and pathogenesis are complex and still not fully understood. Neurotransmitters play a key role in maintaining chemical homeostasis in brain, and many studies have shown a strong link between neurotransmitters and the development and treatment of depression in recent years. Therefore, studying the neurotransmitters associated with depression has the potential to provide research targets and ideas for the pathogenesis and treatment strategies of depression. This paper reviews the recent domestic and foreign research results on neurotransmitter function and the pathogenesis of depression, aiming to analyze the in-depth relationship between neurotransmitter function and the pathogenesis of depression, and provide research ideas for the follow-up ex-ploration of the pathogenesis and diagnosis and treatment strategies of depression.

20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2904-2918, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981444

ABSTRACT

Ajania belonging to the subtribe Artemisiinae of Anthemideae(Asteraceae) is a genus of semi-shrubs closely related to Chrysanthemum. There are 24 species of Ajania in northwestern China, most of which are folk herbal medicines with strong stress tolerance. Modern medical studies have demonstrated that the chemical constituents of Ajania mainly include terpenoids, flavonoids, phenylpropanoids, alkynes, and essential oils. These compounds endow the plants with antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antitumor, antimalarial, antioxidant, and insecticide effects. In this study, we reviewed the research progress in the chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of Ajania, aiming to provide reference for the further research and development of Ajania.


Subject(s)
Asteraceae , Chrysanthemum , Alkynes , Antimalarials , Antioxidants/pharmacology
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