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1.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1027-1036, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985629

ABSTRACT

Objective: A Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis was performed to assess the relationship between tea consumption and cancer. Methods: There were 100 639 participants with the information of gene sequencing of whole genome in the China Kadoorie Biobank. After excluding those with cancer at baseline survey, a total of 100 218 participants were included in this study. The baseline information about tea consumption were analyzed, including daily tea consumption or not, cups of daily tea consumption, and grams of daily tea consumption. We used the two-stage least square method to evaluate the associations between three tea consumption variables and incidence of cancer and some subtypes, including stomach cancer, liver and intrahepatic bile ducts cancer, colorectal cancer, tracheobronchial and lung cancer, and female breast cancer. Multivariable MR and analysis only among nondrinkers were used to control the impact of alcohol consumption. Sensitivity analyses were also performed, including inverse variance weighting, weighted median, and MR-Egger. Results: We used 54, 42, and 28 SNPs to construct non-weighted genetic risk scores as instrumental variables for daily tea consumption or not, cups of daily tea consumption, and grams of daily tea consumption, respectively. During an average of (11.4±3.0) years of follow-up, 6 886 cases of cancer were recorded. After adjusting for age, age2, sex, region, array type, and the first 12 genetic principal components, there were no significant associations of three tea consumption variables with the incidence of cancer and cancer subtypes. Compared with non-daily tea drinkers, the HR (95%CI) of daily tea drinkers for cancer and some subtypes, including stomach cancer, liver and intrahepatic bile ducts cancer, colorectal cancer, tracheobronchial and lung cancer, and female breast cancer, are respectively 0.99 (0.78-1.26), 1.17 (0.58-2.36), 0.86 (0.40-1.84), 0.85 (0.42-1.73), 1.39 (0.85-2.26) and 0.63 (0.28-1.38). After controlling the impact of alcohol consumption and performing multiple sensitivity analyses, the results were similar. Conclusion: There is no causal relationship between tea consumption and risk of cancer in population in China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Mendelian Randomization Analysis/methods , Tea , Breast Neoplasms , Lung Neoplasms , Colorectal Neoplasms , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Genome-Wide Association Study
2.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 828-836, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985569

ABSTRACT

The common data model (CDM) is an important tool to facilitate the standardized integration of multi-source heterogeneous healthcare big data, enhance the consistency of data semantic understanding, and promote multi-party collaborative analysis. The data collections standardized by CDM can provide powerful support for observational studies, such as large-scale population cohort study. This paper provides an in-depth comparative analysis of the data storage structure, term mapping pattern, and auxiliary tools development of the three international typical CDMs, then analyzes the advantages and limitations of each CDM and summarizes the challenges and opportunities faced in the CDM application in China. It is expected that exploring the advanced technical concepts and practical patterns of foreign countries in data management and sharing will provide references for promoting FAIR (findable, accessible, interoperable, reusable) construction of healthcare big data in China and solving the current practical problems, such as the poor quality of data resources, the low degree of semantization, and the inabilities of data sharing and reuse.


Subject(s)
Humans , Big Data , China , Cohort Studies , Data Collection , Information Dissemination
3.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 677-682, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985546

ABSTRACT

HIV cluster detection and response (CDR) is a critical strategy to end the HIV epidemic by offering information to identify prevention and care services gaps. The risk metrics for HIV clusters can be classified into three groups: growth-based metrics, characteristic-based metrics, and phylogeny-based metrics. When identifying HIV risk clusters, the public health response can reach people in the affected networks, including people with undiagnosed HIV, people with diagnosed HIV who might not be accessing HIV care or other services, and people without HIV who would benefit from prevention services. To provide references for HIV precise prevention in China, we summarized the risk metrics and the intervention measures for CDR.


Subject(s)
Humans , HIV Infections/prevention & control , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/epidemiology , Public Health , Epidemics/prevention & control , China/epidemiology
4.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 544-551, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985525

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the distribution characteristics of hyperlipidemia in adult twins in the Chinese National Twin Registry (CNTR) and explore the effect of genetic and environmental factors on hyperlipidemia. Methods: Twins recruited from the CNTR in 11 project areas across China were included in the study. A total of 69 130 (34 565 pairs) of adult twins with complete information on hyperlipidemia were selected for analysis. The random effect model was used to characterize the population and regional distribution of hyperlipidemia among twins. The concordance rates of hyperlipidemia were calculated in monozygotic twins (MZ) and dizygotic twins (DZ), respectively, to estimate the heritability. Results: The age of all participants was (34.2±12.4) years. This study's prevalence of hyperlipidemia was 1.3% (895/69 130). Twin pairs who were men, older, living in urban areas, married,had junior college degree or above, overweight, obese, insufficient physical activity, current smokers, ex-smokers, current drinkers, and ex-drinkers had a higher prevalence of hyperlipidemia (P<0.05). In within-pair analysis, the concordance rate of hyperlipidemia was 29.1% (118/405) in MZ and 18.1% (57/315) in DZ, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Stratified by gender, age, and region, the concordance rate of hyperlipidemia in MZ was still higher than that in DZ. Further, in within-same-sex twin pair analyses, the heritability of hyperlipidemia was 13.04% (95%CI: 2.61%-23.47%) in the northern group and 18.59% (95%CI: 4.43%-32.74%) in the female group, respectively. Conclusions: Adult twins were included in this study and were found to have a lower prevalence of hyperlipidemia than in the general population study, with population and regional differences. Genetic factors influence hyperlipidemia, but the genetic effect may vary with gender and area.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , China/epidemiology , Diseases in Twins/genetics , Hyperlipidemias/genetics , Metabolic Diseases , Twins, Dizygotic , Twins, Monozygotic/genetics
5.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 536-543, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985524

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the distribution characteristics of hypertension among adult twins in the Chinese National Twin Registry (CNTR) and to provide clues for exploring the role of genetic and environmental factors on hypertension. Methods: A total of 69 220 (34 610 pairs) of twins aged 18 and above with hypertension information were selected from CNTR registered from 2010 to 2018. Random effect models were used to describe the population and regional distribution of hypertension in twins. To estimate the heritability, the concordance rates of hypertension were calculated and compared between monozygotic twins (MZ) and dizygotic twins (DZ). Results: The age of all participants was (34.1±12.4) years. The overall self-reported prevalence of hypertension was 3.8%(2 610/69 220). Twin pairs who were older, living in urban areas, married, overweight or obese, current smokers or ex-smokers, and current drinkers or abstainers had a higher self-reported prevalence of hypertension (P<0.05). Analysis within the same-sex twin pairs found that the concordance rate of hypertension was 43.2% in MZ and 27.0% in DZ, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). The heritability of hypertension was 22.1% (95%CI: 16.3%- 28.0%). Stratified by gender, age, and region, the concordance rate of hypertension in MZ was still higher than that in DZ. The heritability of hypertension was higher in female participants. Conclusions: There were differences in the distribution of hypertension among twins with different demographic and regional characteristics. It is indicated that genetic factors play a crucial role in hypertension in different genders, ages, and regions, while the magnitude of genetic effects may vary.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Alcohol Drinking , Diseases in Twins/genetics , Hypertension/genetics , Twins, Dizygotic/genetics , Twins, Monozygotic/genetics
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3207-3214, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981457

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to investigate the protective role of Shaofu Zhuyu Decoction(SFZY) against endometriosis fibrosis in mice, and decipher the underlying mechanism through the phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten(PTEN)/protein kinase B(Akt)/mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR) pathway. Eighty-five BALB/c female mice were randomly assigned into a blank group, a model group, high-, medium, and low-dose SFZY(SFZY-H, SFZY-M, and SFZY-L, respectively) groups, and a gestrinone suspension(YT) group. The model of endometriosis was induced by intraperitoneal injection of uterine fragments. The mice in different groups were administrated with corresponding groups by gavage 14 days after modeling, and the blank group and model group with equal volume of distilled water by gavage. The treatment lasted for 14 days. The body weight, paw withdrawal latency caused by heat stimuli, and total weight of dissected ectopic focus were compared between different groups. The pathological changes of the ectopic tissue were observed via hematoxylin-eosin(HE) and Masson staining. Real-time PCR was employed to measure the mRNA levels of α-smooth muscle actin(α-SMA) and collagen type Ⅰ(collagen-Ⅰ) in the ectopic tissue. The protein levels of PTEN, Akt, mTOR, p-Akt, and p-mTOR in the ectopic tissue were determined by Western blot. Compared with the blank group, the modeling first decreased and then increased the body weight of mice, increased the total weight of ectopic focus, and shortened the paw withdrawal latency. Compared with the model group, SFZY and YT increased the body weight, prolonged the paw withdrawal latency, and decreased the weight of ectopic focus. Furthermore, the drug administration, especially SFZY-H and YT(P<0.01), recovered the pathological and reduced the area of collagen deposition. Compared with the blank group, the modeling up-regulated the mRNA levels of α-SMA and collagen-Ⅰ in the ectopic focus, and such up-regulation was attenuated after drug intervention, especially in the SFZY-H and YT groups(P<0.05,P<0.01). Compared with the blank group, the modeling down-regulated the protein level of PTEN and up-regulated the protein levels of Akt, mTOR, p-Akt, and p-mTOR(P<0.01, P<0.001). Drug administration, especially SFZY-H and YT, restored such changes(P<0.01). SFZY may significantly attenuate the focal fibrosis in the mouse model of endometriosis by regulating the PTEN/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Female , Animals , Mice , Humans , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/genetics , Choristoma , Endometriosis/genetics , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics , RNA, Messenger , Signal Transduction , Body Weight , Mammals , PTEN Phosphohydrolase/genetics
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3055-3065, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981436

ABSTRACT

This paper aimed to investigate the effects of high mobility group box 1(HMGB1)-mediated pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell pyroptosis and immune imbalance on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-associated pulmonary hypertension(COPD-PH) in rats and the intervening mechanism of Compound Tinglizi Decoction. Ninety rats were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose Compound Tinglizi Decoction groups, and a simvastatin group. The rat model of COPD-PH was established by fumigation combined with lipopolysaccharide(LPS) intravascular infusion, which lasted 60 days. Rats in the low, medium, and high-dose Compound Tinglizi Decoction groups were given 4.93, 9.87, and 19.74 g·kg~(-1) Compound Tinglizi Decoction by gavage, respectively. Rats in the simvastatin group were given 1.50 mg·kg~(-1) simvastatin by gavage. After 14 days, the lung function, mean pulmonary artery pressure, and arterial blood gas of rats were analyzed. Lung tissues of rats were collected for hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining to observe the pathological changes. Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction(qRT-PCR) was used to determine the expression of related mRNA in lung tissues, Western blot(WB) was used to determine the expression of related proteins in lung tissues, and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to determine the levels of inflammatory factors in the lung tissues of rats. The ultrastructure of lung cells was observed by transmission electron microscope. The forced vital capacity(FVC), forced expiratory volume in 0.3 second(FEV_(0.3)), FEV_(0.3)/FVC, peek expiratory flow(PEF), respiratory dynamic compliance(Cdyn), arterial partial pressure of oxygen(PaO_2), and arterial oxygen saturation(SaO_2) were increased, and resistance of expiration(Re), mean pulmonary arterial pressure(mPAP), right ventricular hypertrophy index(RVHI), and arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide(PaCO_2) were decreased by Compound Tinglizi Decoction in rats with COPD-PH. Compound Tinglizi Decoction inhibited the protein expression of HMGB1, receptor for advanced glycation end products(RAGE), pro caspase-8, cleaved caspase-8, and gasdermin D(GSDMD) in lung tissues of rats with COPD-PH, as well as the mRNA expression of HMGB1, RAGE, and caspase-8. Pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell pyroptosis was inhibited by Compound Tinglizi Decoction. Interferon-γ(IFN-γ) and interleukin-17(IL-17) were reduced, and interleukin-4(IL-4) and interleukin-10(IL-10) were incresead by Compound Tinglizi Decoction in lung tissues of rats with COPD-PH. In addition, the lesion degree of trachea, alveoli, and pulmonary artery in lung tissues of rats with COPD-PH was improved by Compound Tinglizi Decoction. Compound Tinglizi Decoction had dose-dependent effects. The lung function, pulmonary artery pressure, arterial blood gas, inflammation, trachea, alveoli, and pulmonary artery disease have been improved by Compound Tinglizi Decoction, and its mechanism is related to HMGB1-mediated pulmonary artery smooth muscle cell pyroptosis and helper T cell 1(Th1)/helper T cell 2(Th2), helper T cell 17(Th17)/regulatory T cell(Treg) imbalance.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Caspase 8 , Pyroptosis , HMGB1 Protein/genetics , Hypertension, Pulmonary/etiology , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/genetics
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 359-371, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971709

ABSTRACT

Brain metastasis is a common and serious complication of breast cancer, which is commonly associated with poor survival and prognosis. In particular, the treatment of brain metastasis from triple-negative breast cancer (BM-TNBC) has to face the distinct therapeutic challenges from tumor heterogeneity, circulating tumor cells (CTCs), blood-brain barrier (BBB) and blood-tumor barrier (BTB), which is in unmet clinical needs. Herein, combining with the advantages of synthetic and natural targeting moieties, we develop a "Y-shaped" peptide pVAP-decorated platelet-hybrid liposome drug delivery system to address the all-stage targeted drug delivery for the whole progression of BM-TNBC. Inherited from the activated platelet, the hybrid liposomes still retain the native affinity toward CTCs. Further, the peptide-mediated targeting to breast cancer cells and transport across BBB/BTB are demonstrated in vitro and in vivo. The resultant delivery platform significantly improves the drug accumulation both in orthotopic breast tumors and brain metastatic lesions, and eventually exhibits an outperformance in the inhibition of BM-TNBC compared with the free drug. Overall, this work provides a promising prospect for the comprehensive treatment of BM-TNBC, which could be generalized to other cell types or used in imaging platforms in the future.

9.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 57-68, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971536

ABSTRACT

PiT2 is an inorganic phosphate (Pi) transporter whose mutations are linked to primary familial brain calcification (PFBC). PiT2 mainly consists of two ProDom (PD) domains and a large intracellular loop region (loop7). The PD domains are crucial for the Pi transport, but the role of PiT2-loop7 remains unclear. In PFBC patients, mutations in PiT2-loop7 are mainly nonsense or frameshift mutations that probably cause PFBC due to C-PD1131 deletion. To date, six missense mutations have been identified in PiT2-loop7; however, the mechanisms by which these mutations cause PFBC are poorly understood. Here, we found that the p.T390A and p.S434W mutations in PiT2-loop7 decreased the Pi transport activity and cell surface levels of PiT2. Furthermore, we showed that these two mutations attenuated its membrane localization by affecting adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK)- or protein kinase B (AKT)-mediated PiT2 phosphorylation. In contrast, the p.S121C and p.S601W mutations in the PD domains did not affect PiT2 phosphorylation but rather impaired its substrate-binding abilities. These results suggested that missense mutations in PiT2-loop7 can cause Pi dyshomeostasis by affecting the phosphorylation-regulated cell-surface localization of PiT2. This study helps understand the pathogenesis of PFBC caused by PiT2-loop7 missense mutations and indicates that increasing the phosphorylation levels of PiT2-loop7 could be a promising strategy for developing PFBC therapies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Membrane , Mutation, Missense , Phosphates/metabolism , Sodium-Phosphate Cotransporter Proteins, Type III/genetics
10.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 93-97, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995703

ABSTRACT

Patients with surgically resected hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) have a high recurrence rate within 5 years after surgery. It is therefore essential to explore the risk factors and predictive biomarkers for HCC recurrence and metastasis to identify high-risk patients for HCC recurrence. Serum specimens are readily available and have the advantage of being non-invasive, inexpensive and rapid to detect. Serum markers can dynamically monitor patients′ disease and indicate the status of tumor recurrence. This article summarized the research progress on the predictive value of serum markers associated with recurrence in HCC patients after surgical resection. From the perspectives of common clinical serum markers and liquid biopsy markers, present review aimed to provide some novel ideas for clinicians to assess the risk of HCC recurrence and metastasis in individual patient post-surgical resection of HCC.

11.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 194-198, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995611

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the multimodal imaging features of retinal diseases associated with COVID-19.Methods:A retrospective case study. Sixteen patients (30 eyes) of retinal diseases associated with COVID-19 admitted to the Ophthalmology Department of the Second People's Hospital of Zhengzhou in December 2022 were included in the study. There were 5 males and 11 females, with the mean age of (26.69±9.88) years; 14 patients were bilateral and 2 patients were unilateral. The time of ocular symptoms after the diagnosis of COVID-19 was (2.63±0.89) days. All patients underwent the examinations of best corrtected visual acuity (BCVA), fundus color photography (FP), infrared fundus photography (IR), optical coherence tomography (OCT). Fluorescein fundus angiography (FFA) was performed in 2 patients (4 eyes). There were 20 eyes with acute macular neuroretinopathy (AMN), including 6 eyes with cotton wool spots; 10 eyes with Purtscher-like retinopathy (PLR). The BCVA of the patients was 0.1-1.0. No obvious abnormality was found in anterior segment examination. The features of FP, IR and OCT were analyzed retrospectively.Results:In 20 eyes of AMN, irregular reddish brown lesions in the central or paracentral area of the macula in 14 eyes; FP showed no obvious abnormality in 6 eyes; IR showed irregular map like low reflection in the central or paracentral area of macular in all eyes; OCT showed hyperreflectivity in outer plexiform layer and outer nuclear layer, hyporeflectivity in the ellipsoid zone and photoreceptor layers in all eyes; no abnormal fluorecence was observed in 2 eyes examined by FFA. In 10 eyes with PLR, cotton wool spots and retinal hemorrhage were observed in the posterior pole and/or peripapillary area, and the peripheral retina was generally normal, Purtscher spot was found in 5 eyes and macular edema in 4 eyes; OCT showed strong reflex signal in neuroepithelial layers, edema in neuroepithelial layers in 6 eyes; in the 2 eyes examined by FFA, fluorescein leakage from the retinal vein wall was observed, the posterior pole and peripapillary area retinal arteriole occlusions showed patchy hypofluorescence, the fluorescence was obscured by retinal hemorrhage below at inferior retina.Conclusions:For AMN associated with COVID-19, IR can show the lesion contour, OCT shows lesions in the outer retina. PLR associated with COVID-19 are usually at the posterior pole and/or peripapillary area in FP, OCT shows neurocortical edema.

12.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 247-253, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995498

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the anatomy of rectus femoris muscle flap and the anterolateral thigh muscle flap and their clinical application in reconstruction of large soft tissue defects after the removal of oral malignant tumour.Methods:From December 2006 to June 2009, 8 specimens of Chinese adult cadavers fixed in 10% formaldehyde were dissected to perform anatomy of anterolateral thigh region at the School of Basic Medical Sciences, Kunming Medical University. Anatomical images were analysed using Image-Pro Plus 6.0. Then, a retrospective study was performed on 19 patients who had postoperative defects after oral malignant tumour surgery and the defects were reconstructed with the rectus femoris muscle flap and the anterolateral thigh muscle flap from March 2020 to July 2022 at the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Affiliated Stomatology Hospital, Kunming Medical University. The postoperative defects of the 19 patients ranged from 3.0 cm×6.0 cm to 5.0 cm×10.0 cm. Ten rectus femoris muscle flaps, 8 anterolateral thigh muscle flaps and 1 combined rectus femoris muscle flap and anterolateral thigh muscle flap were used. The muscular flaps sized from 4.0 cm × 8.0 cm to 6.0 cm × 11.0 cm. Regular postoperative outpatient follow-ups were conducted.Results:The lengths of vessels of the harvested rectus femoris muscle flap and anterolateral thigh muscle flap were 63.4 mm± 12.9 mm and 112.5 mm± 19.6 mm, respectively. The starting outer diameters of the lateral circumflex thigh artery, the oblique branch of the lateral circumflex thigh artery and the descending branch of the lateral circumflex thigh artery were 2.92 mm±0.72 mm, 1.88 mm±0.23 mm and 2.29 mm±0.43 mm, respectively. Postoperative follow-up lasted for 7 to 32 months, with 17.5 months in average. Seventeen flaps were completely survived and the rectus femoris muscle flap was completely mucosalised 5 weeks after surgery. However, 2 rectus femoris muscle flaps had necrosis of which one was changed to a tongue flap reconstruction and the other encountered flap necrosis during postoperative radiotherapy and healed after debridement and dressing changes. There was no postoperative complication in the donor sites. Other than the 2 patients, all other 17 patients had satisfactory clinical outcomes.Conclusion:Both of the starting outer diameters and length of vessels of the femoris muscle flap and the anterolateral thigh muscle flap meet the requirements for reconstruction of maxillofacial defects, and both muscular flaps are simple to prepare, in good reconstructive results with few complication, as well as an excellent outcome. They are feasible approaches for reconstruction of large soft tissue defects left after the removal of an oral malignant tumour.

13.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 635-643, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995148

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of placenta previa on the surgical and pregnancy outcomes in patients with total/subtotal or segmental hysterectomy attributed to placenta accreta spectrum disorders (PAS).Methods:This study retrospectively enrolled 510 patients who gave birth and underwent total/subtotal hysterectomy or segmental hysterectomy (local implantation site) due to PAS at the third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from January 1, 2017, to December 31, 2022. These subjects were divided into the placenta previa group (427 cases) and non-placenta previa group (83 cases). According to the type of hysterectomy, they were further divided into the total/subtotal hysterectomy and placenta previa subgroup (221 cases), total/subtotal hysterectomy and non-placenta previa subgroup (23 cases), segmental hysterectomy and placenta previa subgroup (206 cases), and segmental hysterectomy and non-placenta previa subgroup (60 cases). Nonparametric test or Chi-square test were used to compare the differences in the clinical features, surgical and pregnancy outcomes between different groups. Binary logistic regression was used to analyze the effects of placenta previa on the risk of additional surgical procedures and adverse maternal outcomes. Results:(1) Compared with the non-placenta previa group, the hemorrhage volume within 24 h postpartum [1 541 ml (1 036-2 368 ml) vs 1 111 ml (695-2 000 ml), Z=-3.91] and the proportion of women requiring additional surgical procedures [84.8% (362/427) vs 69.9% (58/83), χ2=10.61], with total/subtotal hysterectomy [51.8% (221/427) vs 27.7% (23/83), χ2=16.10], cystoscopy and/or ureteral stenting [60.7% (259/427) vs 31.3% (26/83), χ2=24.25], total adverse pregnancy outcomes [86.9% (371/427) vs 65.1% (54/83), χ2=17.75], hemorrhage volume>1 500 ml within 24 h postpartum [54.1% (231/427) vs 33.7% (28/83), χ2=29.94], transfusion of blood products [75.9% (324/427) vs 47.0% (39/83), χ2=28.27] were all higher in the placenta previa group (all P<0.05). Binary logistic regression analysis found that for PAS patients with hysterectomy, regardless of the hysterectomy type (total/subtotal/segmental), placenta previa was risk factor for requiring additional surgical procedures ( aOR=3.26, 95% CI: 1.85-5.72) and adverse pregnancy outcomes ( aOR=5.59, 95% CI: 2.01-6.42), even if adjusting for the confounding factors such as maternal age, number of previous cesarean sections, parity, gestational weight gain, twin pregnancy, and the use of assisted reproductive technology. (2) In patients with total/subtotal hysterectomy, the proportion of women requiring additional surgical procedures was higher in those with placenta previa [82.8% (183/221) vs 56.5% (13/23), χ2=9.11] than those without placenta previa, especially the proportion of cystoscopy and/or ureteral stenting [67.9% (150/221) vs 34.8% (8/23), χ2=9.99] (both P<0.05). However, no significant difference was found in adverse pregnancy outcomes [89.6% (198/221) vs 87.0% (20/23), χ2<0.01, P=0.972] between the two groups. In patients with segmental hysterectomy, higher proportions of women requiring additional surgery [86.9% (179/206) vs 75.0% (45/60), χ2=4.94], with adverse pregnancy outcomes [84.0% (173/206) vs 56.7% (34/60), χ2=25.31], cystoscopy and/or ureteral stenting [52.9% (109/206) vs 30.0% (18/60), χ2=9.78], vascular occlusion [94.2% (194/206) vs 71.7% (43/60), χ2=24.23], hemorrhage volume>1 500 ml within 24 h postpartum [46.6% (96/206) vs 23.3% (14/60), χ2=10.37], and transfusion of blood products [68.9% (142/206) vs 33.3% (20/60), χ2=24.73] were found in the placenta previa group (all P<0.05). Furthermore, patients with placenta previa had more hemorrhage volume within 24 h postpartum [1 368 ml (970-2 026 ml) vs 995 ml (654-1 352 ml), Z=-3.66, P<0.001] in the segmental hysterectomy subgroup. After adjusting for the confounding factors such as age, number of previous cesarean sections, parity, gestational weight gain, twin pregnancy, and the use of assisted reproductive technology, binary logistic regression analysis found that placenta previa did not increase the risk of additional surgical operations ( aOR=2.71, 95% CI: 0.99-7.42) and adverse pregnancy outcomes ( aOR=2.14, 95% CI: 0.54-8.42) in patients with total/subtotal hysterectomy but were risk factors of the two outcomes for those with segmental hysterectomy ( aOR=4.67, 95% CI: 2.15-10.10; aOR=3.80, 95% CI: 1.86-7.77). Conclusions:Placenta previa increases the risk of additional surgical procedures and adverse pregnancy outcomes in patients with total/subtotal or segmental hysterectomy caused by PAS. Appropriate preparation is required after the clinical diagnosis of PAS with placenta previa.

14.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 281-289, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994405

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the relationship between metabolic score for insulin resistance (METS-IR) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) and albuminuria in the Chinese population.Methods:This cross-sectional study was conducted from January to December 2018 among residents aged 20 to 70 years in ten regions of eight provinces in China; all residents had lived in their region for more than 5 years. Various parameters were measured, included fasting blood glucose, 2-hour postprandial blood glucose, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA 1c), blood lipids, renal function, urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (UACR), etc. Data of 5 060 subjects meeting the criteria were included in the study. CKD was defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)<60 ml·min -1·1.73 m -2 or UACR≥30 mg/g. Albuminuria was defined as UACR≥30 mg/g. METS-IR was calculated and categorized into quartiles: Q1, METS-IR≤32.19; Q2, METS-IR 32.20-37.10; Q3, METS-IR 37.11-42.58; and Q4, METS-IR>42.58. The correlation between METS-IR and CKD and albuminuria was analyzed by binary logistic regression, and subgroup analyses were performed. Results:There were 1 266, 1 266, 1 265, and 1 263 participants included in Q1-Q4 groups, respectively. With the increase of METS-IR quartile, various parameters increased, including age, fasting blood glucose, HbA 1c, triglycerides, serum uric acid, waist circumference, body mass index, and systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and the proportion of males also increased (all P<0.05). The proportion of patients with CKD and albuminuria increased significantly with the increase in interquartile range (Q) of METS-IR (all P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that for every 1-unit increment of METS-IR, the risk of CKD and albuminuria were both increased by 2% [for both: odds ratio ( OR)=1.02, 95% confidence interval ( CI) 1.01-1.03]. Compared with the lowest METS-IR group (Q1), the ORs for CKD and albuminuria in the highest METS-IR group (Q4) were 1.57 (95% CI 1.17-2.10) and 1.46 (95% CI 1.09-1.96), respectively. In the subgroup analyses, increased METS-IR was significantly associated with CKD and albuminuria among women (CKD: OR=1.62, 95% CI 1.14-2.31; albuminuria: OR=1.53, 95% CI 1.07-2.18), individuals with HbA 1c<7% ( OR=1.64, 95% CI 1.21-2.23; OR=1.55, 95% CI 1.14-2.11), individuals with eGFR≥90 ml·min -1·1.73 m -2 ( OR=1.78, 95% CI 1.27-2.49; OR=1.80, 95% CI 1.28-2.53), and the Chinese Han population ( OR=1.56, 95% CI 1.13-2.17; OR=1.41, 95% CI 1.01-1.96). Conclusions:METS-IR is significantly associated with CKD and albuminuria in a Chinese population. Furthermore, the higher the METS-IR, the higher the risk of CKD and albuminuria.

15.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 720-725, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993881

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of different concentrations of 2-hydroxybenzylamine(2-HOBA)on atherosclerosis and vascular smooth muscle cell senescence and the underlying mechanisms.Methods:Fourteen apolipoprotein E-deficient(ApoE-/-)mice were used to establish an atherosclerosis model and were divided into two groups(n=7)using the random number method: a high-fat diet(HD)group and a high-fat diet plus 2-HOBA(1 mg/ml)(HD+ HOBA)group.Pulse wave velocity was used to assess vascular stiffness and a treadmill was used to assess exercise endurance.Oil Red O staining was used to detect the size and number of atherosclerotic plaques.Masson staining was used to detect the morphology of collagen fibers and elastic fibers in the plaque, the size of the necrotic core area of the plaque, and the thickness of the fibrous cap.Mouse smooth muscle cells were treated with different concentrations of 2-HOBA(100 μmol/L, 250 μmol/L and 500 μmol/L)to establish an H 2O 2-induced senescence model.Senescence-associated β-galactosidase staining was used to detect cell senescence.Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(RT-qPCR)was used to detect the mRNA expression levels of senescence-related secretory phenotype factors, and Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of senescence-related signaling proteins. Results:Compared with the HD group, the HD+ HOBA group showed that the area and number of aortic atherosclerotic plaques were decreased, and the atherosclerotic plaques were stabilized.In addition, compared with the HD group, vascular stiffness in the HD+ 2-HOBA group decreased by 26%(2.59±0.32 mm/ms vs.3.50±0.28 mm/ms), with a statistically significant difference( P<0.01), and exercise endurance increased by 62%[(143.74±24.25)m vs.(233.50±30.21)m, P<0.01], suggesting that 2-HOBA was able to improve aortic vascular stiffness and exercise endurance in mice.2-HOBA ameliorated H 2O 2-induced vascular smooth muscle cell senescence and decreased the mRNA levels of H 2O 2-induced senescence-associated secretory phenotype factors such as interleukin-1β, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1.Meanwhile, 2-HOBA also inhibited the expression of p53 and p21, the key signaling factors of senescence. Conclusions:2-HOBA suppresses the development and progression of atherosclerosis through inhibiting oxidative stress-related p53/p21 signaling activation and ameliorating vascular smooth muscle cell senescence and the aging-related inflammatory phenotype.

16.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 504-507, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993625

ABSTRACT

The treatment of persistent/recurrent and metastatic thyroid cancer and medullary thyroid cancer has made significant progress through the use of molecule-targeted therapy. While this approach has shown promise in improving patient outcomes and clinical symptoms, it also carries potential risks. The primary focus and challenge of targeted therapy is to optimize benefits while managing risks within predetermined thresholds. This review examines current targeted treatment practices in thyroid cancer and investigates the correlation between the timing of targeted therapy initiation and the patient benefits, aiming to lay the groundwork for subsequent research.

17.
Chinese Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging ; (6): 91-96, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993563

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive values of 18F-FDG PET/CT image feature and metabolic parameters for the malignant potential of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST). Methods:From March 2014 to June 2020, the 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging and surgical pathological data of 35 patients with GIST (27 males, 8 females; age 44-84 years) from Union Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology and Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University were analyzed retrospectively. Patients were divided into ring-shaped uptake group and other uptake patterns group according to 18F-FDG PET/CT image feature. Fisher′s exact test was used to analyze the differences of tumor necrosis and National Institutes of Health (NIH) risk classification (short for NIH classification) between different image feature groups. Mann-Whitney U test was used to analyze the differences of SUV max , metabolic parameters at different thresholds (2.5, 40%, 50%) of SUV max (metabolic tumor volume (MTV; MTV 2.5, MTV 40%, MTV 50%) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG; TLG 2.5, TLG 40%, TLG 50%)) between different clinicopathological features (lesion location, tumor diameter, mitotic count, Ki-67, necrosis, image feature, NIH classification) groups. Spearman rank correlation analysis was used to explore the correlation between clinicopathological features and metabolic parameters. ROC curve analysis was used to distinguish NIH classification of different metabolic parameters. Delong test was used to compared differences between different AUCs. Results:Of 35 GIST patients, 11(31.4%) were ring-shaped uptake and 24(68.6%) were other uptake patterns, and the differences of necrosis (7/11 vs 12.5%(3/24); P=0.004) and NIH classification (11/11 vs 25.0%(6/24); P<0.001) between the two groups were significant. There were significant differences of metabolic parameters between different groups of tumor diameter, mitotic count, necrosis, image feature, NIH classification ( z values: from -4.70 to -2.09, all P<0.05), while there were no significant differences of Ki-67 ( z values: from -0.83 to -0.71, all P>0.05). Metabolic parameters were correlated with mitotic count, tumor diameter, necrosis, image feature and NIH classification ( rs values: 0.36-0.81, all P<0.05), while was not correlated with Ki-67 ( rs values: 0.12-0.14, all P>0.05). The differences of AUCs between SUV max and MTV 2.5, TLG 2.5, TLG 40%, TLG 50%were significant (0.752, 0.856, 0.856, 0.882, 0.886; z values: 1.96-2.12, all P<0.05). Conclusions:The NIH classification of GIST with ring-shaped uptake on 18F-FDG PET/CT is higher and more prone to necrosis. The 18F-FDG PET/CT metabolic parameters based on different thresholds of SUV max have certain significance for the prediction of NIH classification of GIST, and may be superior to SUV max.

18.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 449-454, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992851

ABSTRACT

Transcatheter tricuspid valve intervention is the new frontier of interventional cardiology. The LuX-Valve is a radial force-independent orthotopic tricuspid valve replacement device developed in China. The LuX-Valve Plus transcatheter tricuspid valve replacement (TTVR) system is changed from the trans-atrial to the transjugular approach, which further reduces trauma and pulmonary complications compared with the first generation LuX-Valve. The first-in-human study has been completed at Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University and an exploratory multicentre clinical study is underway. Echocardiography plays an important role in pre-TTVR screening, intraoperative guidance and postoperative evaluation and follow-up, especially two-dimensional transoesophageal echocardiography (2D-TEE) and three-dimensional transoesophageal echocardiography (3D-TEE). However, there is a lack of appropriate intraoperative guidance and assessment protocols. In this study, we briefly described the protocols and imaging considerations for intraoperative 2D-TEE and 3D-TEE to ensure the successful implantation of TTVR.

19.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 459-464, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992623

ABSTRACT

Radiocarpal fracture-dislocation (RFD) is a rare injury normally associated with the destruction of bones, joints and ligaments. The improper diagnosis and treatment of RFD will cause severe complications and affect the long-term function of wrist joints. The difficulties of clinical diagnosis and treatment lie in the accurate diagnosis, identification and reconstruction of the structure of specific injury. As the foreign and domestic literatures are mainly case analyses or systemic case reports rather than large-scale reports, there still lacks a systemic knowledge of the standard diagnosis and treatment of RFD clinically, thus leading to problems such as missed diagnosed or misdiagnosed, improper application of treatment methods and incomplete reconstruction. Therefore, the authors reviewed relevant literatures about the features, diagnosis and treatment of RFD, in order to provide references for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of RFD.

20.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 546-550, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992339

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical significance of N6-methyladenine (m6A) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) by comparing the changes in plasma levels of m6A modification related proteins [methyltransferase 3 (METTL3), methyltransferase 14 (METTL14), Wilms tumor 1 associated protein (WTAP), AlkB homologous protein 5 (ALKBH5), and fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO)] and m6A between patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and healthy controls.Methods:A total of 64 SLE patients admitted to the Seventh Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University from May 2020 to June 2022 and 24 healthy volunteers during the same period were selected to compare and analyze the plasma levels of METTL3, METTL14, WTAP, ALKBH5, FTO and m6A between the two groups. The correlation between METTL3, WTAP, FTO levels and clinical indicators was analyzed.Results:The plasma METTL3 level of SLE patients was significantly higher than that of control group ( P<0.05), and the plasma WTAP and FTO levels were significantly lower than those of control group (all P<0.05). In SLE patients, plasma METTL3 level was negatively correlated with hemoglobin level ( r=-0.344, P<0.05), plasma FTO level was positively correlated with plasma IgM level ( r=0.337, P<0.05), and plasma IgA level was negatively correlated with SLE patients ( r=-0.286, P<0.05). The incidence of renal involvement and positive rate of plasma anti-histone antibody were higher in SLE patients with high METTL3 level (all P<0.05). The positive rates of plasma anti-dsDNA antibody, anti-SM antibody and AuaA antibody were higher in SLE patients with low FTO level (all P<0.05). Conclusions:The plasma METTL3 level in SLE patients are significantly increased, while the plasma WTAP and FTO levels are significantly reduced, which are related to various clinical indicators and may be related to the onset of SLE.

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