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1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 465-471, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970483

ABSTRACT

The present study observed the regulatory effect of total flavonoids of Ziziphora clinopodioides on autophagy and the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3K)/protein kinase B(Akt)/mammalian target of rapamycin(mTOR) signaling pathways in ApoE~(-/-) mice and explored the mechanism of total flavonoids of Z. clinopodioides against atherosclerosis(AS). ApoE~(-/-) mice were fed on a high-fat diet for eight weeks to induce an AS model. The model mice were randomly divided into a model group, a positive control group, and low-, medium-and high-dose groups of total flavonoids of Z. clinopodioides, while C57BL/6J mice fed on a common diet were assigned to the blank group. The serum and aorta samples were collected after intragastric administration for 12 weeks, and the serum levels of total cholesterol(TC), triglyceride(TG), low density lipoprotein-cholesterol(LDL-C), and high density lipoprotein-cholesterol(HDL-C) were detected by an automatic biochemical analyzer. The serum expression levels of intercellular adhesion molecule-1(ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1(VCAM-1), matrix metalloproteinase-2(MMP-2), and matrix metalloprotei-nase-9(MMP-9) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). Oil red O staining was used to observe the aortic plaque area in mice. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to observe the aortic plaque and pathological changes in mice. The expression of P62 and LC3 in the aorta was detected by the immunofluorescence method. The protein expression of LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ, Beclin-1, P62, p-PI3K, p-Akt, and p-mTOR in the aorta of mice was detected by Western blot. The results showed that compared with the blank group, the serum levels of TC, TG, LDL-C, ICAM-1, VCAM-1, MMP-2 and MMP-9 in the model group were significantly increased(P<0.01 or P<0.05), the content of HDL-C was decreased(P<0.05), intra-aortic plaque area was enlarged(P<0.01), the expression of LC3 in the aorta was significantly down-regulated, P62 expression was up-regulated(P<0.01 or P<0.05), the expressions of LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ and Beclin-1 in the aortic lysate were significantly down-regulated, and the expressions of p-PI3K, p-Akt, p-mTOR and P62 were significantly increased(P<0.01). The medium-and high-dose groups of total flavonoids of Z. clinopodioides could reduce the serum levels of TC, TG, LDL-C, ICAM-1, VCAM-1, MMP-2, and MMP-9 in AS model mice(P<0.01 or P<0.05), and increase the content of HDL-C(P<0.01 or P<0.05). The aortic plaque area of mice after middle and high doses of total flavonoids of Z. clinopodioides was significantly reduced(P<0.01), the content of foam cells decrease, and the narrowing of the lumen decreased. The total flavonoids of Z. clinopodioides significantly increased the expression of LC3 in the aorta and the expression of LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ and Beclin-1 in the lysate, and decreased the expression of P62 in the aorta and the expression of p-PI3K, p-Akt, p-mTOR and P62 in the lysate(P<0.01 or P<0.05). The results showed that the total flavonoids of Z. clinopodioides could improve the content of blood lipids and inflammatory factors, and reduce the generation of foam cells and plaques in aortic tissue, and the mechanism may be related to the regulation of PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Apolipoproteins E , Atherosclerosis/genetics , Beclin-1 , Cholesterol, LDL , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/genetics , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/genetics , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Plaque, Atherosclerotic , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/genetics , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1/genetics
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 333-337, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982063

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation between single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of ARID5B gene and resistance to methotrexate (MTX) in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).@*METHODS@#A total of 144 children with ALL who were treated in General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University from January 2015 to November 2021 were enrolled and divided into MTX resistant group and non-MTX resistant group, with 72 cases in each group. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) technology was used to measure the SNP of ARID5B gene in all children and analyze its correlation with MTX resistant.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences in the genotype and gene frequency of rs7923074, rs10821936, rs6479778, and rs2893881 between MTX resistant group and non-MTX resistant group (P>0.05). The frequency of C/C genotype in the MTX resistant group was significantly higher than that in the non-MTX resistant group, while the frequency of T/T genotype was opposite (P<0.05). The frequency of C allele in the MTX resistant group was significantly higher than that in the non-MTX resistant group, while the frequency of T allele was opposite (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that ARID5B gene rs4948488 TT genotype and T allele frequency were risk factors for MTX resistant in ALL children (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The SNP of ARID5B gene is associated with MTX resistant in ALL children.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Methotrexate , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm
3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 807-811, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013798

ABSTRACT

Rutin is extracted from Ruta graveolens L. with many pharmacological activities such as anti-inflammation, anti-oxidation , protecting cardiovascular system and analgesia. As a natural product, rutin has the advantages of low side effects and difficult tolerance, but its instability and low bioavailability still limit its clinical application. This paper summarizes the analgesic mechnism of rutin, and looks forward to the clinical applica¬tion of rutin based on its derivative and dosage forms. It is expected to provide ideas for further analgesic research and drug development and application of rutin in the future.

4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 2338-2345, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013680

ABSTRACT

Aim To observe the effect of corticotropin-releasing factor ( CRF) -expressing neurons on presympathetic neurons in hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus ( PVN) of normotensive Wistar Kyoto ( WKY) rats or spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) , and to elucidate the underlying neuronal circuit mechanism of central sympathetic hyperexcitability. Methods The expression levels of CRF protein in WKY rats and SHR PVN were determined by Western blot. Meanwhile, the WKY and SHR PVN CRF-expressing neurons and presympathetic neurons were observed by immunofluo-rescent staining. Adult WKY rats and SHR were used in this study. By microinjection of Cre-dependent ade-no-associated viruses ( AAV) that specifically recognized the CRF promoter and AAV of chemogenetics into the PVN, CRF-expressing neurons expressed designer receptors exclusively activated by designer drugs (DREADDs). Human M3 muscarinic DREADD coupled to Gq receptor ( hM3 Dq) was specifically expressed in PVN CRF-expressing neurons in WKY rats, while human M4 muscarinic DREADD coupled to Gi receptor ( hM4Di) was specifically expressed in PVN CRF-expressing neurons in SHR. Clozapine-N-oxide (CNO) , as a designer ligand, would couple to excitatory hM3Dq or inhibitory hM4Di to regulate the excitability of PVN CRF-expressing neurons. Then the PVN presympathetic neurons were retrogradely labeled by microinjection of fluosecent tracer into the intermedio-lateral column (IML) of spinal cord. Lastly, whole cell patch clamp was used to determine the effect of CNO (10 jjumol L~ ) on spontaneous excitatory postsynaptic currents ( sEPSCs) and current-evoked firing of PVN presympathtic neurons of WKY rats and SHR. Results The expression of CRF protein in the PVN of SHR was significantly higher than that of WKY rats, and the activity and number of CRF-expressing neurons in the PVN of SHR were increased. PVN CRF-expressing neurons were expressed with chemogenetic DREADDs and PVN presympathetic neurons were retrogradely labeled with fluorescent tracer in WKY rats and SHR. In SHR expressed with chemogenetic inhibitory hM4Di-mCherry of PVN CRF-expressing neurons, bath application of CNO to the brain slices resulted in a significant decrease in sEPSCs frequency, but no change in their amplitude of labeled PVN presympathetic neurons. In contrast, in WKY rats expressed with excitatory hM3Dq-eGFP of PVN CRF-expressing neurons, CNO had no obvious effect on the sEPSCs frequency and amplitude in PVN presympathetic neurons. Furthermore, bath application of CNO had no significant effect on current-evoked firing of PVN presympathetic neurons of either WKY rats with hM3Dq-eGFP expression in CRF neurons or SHR with hM4Di-mCherry expression in CRF neurons. Conclusions The activity and number of PVN CRF-expressing neurons are increased in SHR, and CRF-expressing neurons enhance the excitability of presympathetic neurons, which acts as a regulatory neuronal microcircuit between CRF neurons and presympathetic neurons in the PVN.

5.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 902-906, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012332

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the histopathological and immunohistochemical characteristics of benign apocrine cystic papillary hyperplasia of the breast with loss of myoepithelial cell layer. Methods: The clinical data, histopathological features and immunohistochemical profile of patients with benign apocrine cystic papillary hyperplasia of breast with loss of myoepithelial cell layer from January 2016 to December 2021 were examined, in which six patients were identified. Results: All six patients were female, aged 36-61 years (median 46 years), who presented with a breast mass; three cases were from the left breast and three cases were from the right breast. Microscopic examination of all cases showed breast hyperplasia with apocrine cysts, accompanied by different degrees of micropapillary and papillary hyperplasia of apocrine cells. One case was associated with lobular carcinoma in situ, and one case was associated with apocrine ductal carcinoma in situ with intraductal dissemination in adenosis. Immunohistochemical staining of CK5/6, p63, SMA, SMMHC, Calponin and CD10 showed complete absence of myoepithelial cell layer surrounding ducts in apocrine cystic papillary hyperplasia. Conclusions: The myoepithelial cells of apocrine cystic papillary hyperplasia of the breast may undergo abnormal changes and may even be completely lost. The diagnosis should be comprehensively considered along with cytomorphological and histological features to avoid overdiagnosis.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Epithelial Cells/pathology , Hyperplasia/pathology , Papilloma/pathology , Mammary Glands, Human/pathology , Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Lobular/complications , Carcinoma, Ductal/complications
6.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 487-496, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007763

ABSTRACT

It is well established that increased excitability of the presympathetic neurons in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) during hypertension leads to heightened sympathetic outflow and hypertension. However, the mechanism underlying the overactivation of PVN presympathetic neurons remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the role of endogenous corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) on the excitability of presympathetic neurons in PVN using Western blot, arterial blood pressure (ABP) and renal sympathetic nerve activity (RSNA) recording, CRISPR/Cas9 technique and patch-clamp technique. The results showed that CRF protein expression in PVN was significantly upregulated in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) compared with normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. Besides, PVN administration of exogenous CRF significantly increased RSNA, heart rate and ABP in WKY rats. In contrast, knockdown of upregulated CRF in PVN of SHRs inhibited CRF expression, led to membrane potential hyperpolarization, and decreased the frequency of current-evoked firings of PVN presympathetic neurons, which were reversed by incubation of exogenous CRF. Perfusion of rat brain slices with artificial cerebrospinal fluid containing CRF receptor 1 (CRFR1) blocker, NBI-35965, or CRF receptor 2 (CRFR2) blocker, Antisauvagine-30, showed that blocking CRFR1, but not CRFR2, hyperpolarized the membrane potential and inhibited the current-evoked firing of PVN presympathetic neurons in SHRs. However, blocking CRFR1 or CRFR2 did not affect the membrane potential and current-evoked firing of presympathetic neurons in WKY rats. Overall, these findings indicate that increased endogenous CRF release from PVN CRF neurons enhances the excitability of presympathetic neurons via activation of CRFR1 in SHRs.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Rats, Inbred SHR , Paraventricular Hypothalamic Nucleus/physiology , Receptors, Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone/metabolism , Rats, Inbred WKY , Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone/metabolism , Neurons/physiology , Hypertension , Sympathetic Nervous System
7.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 137-150, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970114

ABSTRACT

The solute carrier family 4 (SLC4) includes 10 members (SLC4A1-5, SLC4A7-11), which are expressed in multiple tissues in the human body. The SLC4 family members differ in their substrate dependence, charge transport stoichiometry and tissue expression. Their common function is responsible for the transmembrane exchange of multiple ions, which is involved in many important physiological processes, such as erythrocyte CO2 transport and the regulation of cell volume and intracellular pH. In recent years, many studies have focused on the role of SLC4 family members in the occurrence of human diseases. When SLC4 family members have gene mutations, a series of functional disorders will occur in the body, leading to the occurrence of some diseases. This review summarizes the recent progress about the structures, functions and disease correlation of SLC4 members, in order to provide clues for the prevention and treatment of related human diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mutation , SLC4A Proteins/physiology
8.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 293-300, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969881

ABSTRACT

Wolfram syndrome is a rare genetic spectrum disorder characterized by diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus, optic atrophy, and deafness, accompanied by other variable clinical manifestations. At present, the prognosis of this syndrome is very poor, the specific molecular mechanism is not clear, effective treatments are lacking to delay, prevent or reverse the development of Wolfram syndrome, and many patients die prematurely due to severe neurological dysfunction. This increases the urgency of the research on the pathogenic molecular mechanism related to Wolfram syndrome and the development of new therapies. This article summarizes the research progress on the pathogenic molecular mechanism and treatment status of Wolfram syndrome, in order to provide reference for the further mechanism research, prevention and treatment of Wolfram syndrome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Wolfram Syndrome/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Records
9.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 34-48, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965248

ABSTRACT

@#By regulating gene expression, nucleic acid drugs functioning in the cytoplasm or nucleus are of great significance in the treatment of acquired or inherited diseases and vaccine development.A variety of nucleic acid delivery vectors currently developed are suffering from low transfection efficiency due to endosome/lysosome entrapment.This paper introduces and summarizes the nucleic acid delivery strategies that bypass the endosomal/lysosomal pathway, including membrane translocation, membrane fusion, receptor/transporter-mediated non-endocytic uptake and caveolae-mediated endocytosis, and discusses the problems and challenges facing such strategies, aiming to facilitate the development of intracellular delivery of nucleic acid drugs bypassing lysosomal pathway.

10.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 574-578, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981735

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical outcomes of mini-plate combined with wireforms in the treatment of Type C distal radial fractures with marginal articular fragments.@*METHODS@#This retrospective study included a total of 10 cases, including 5 males and 5 females, with 6 cases involving the left side and 4 cases involving the right side, of Type C distal radial fractures with marginal articular fragments. The age of the patients ranged from 35 to 67 years old. All patients underwent surgical treatment utilizing mini-plate combined with wireforms for internal fixation.@*RESULTS@#The follow-up period ranged from 6 to 18 months. Complete fracture healing was observed in all cases, with healing times ranging from 10 to 16 weeks. During the entire follow-up period, patients reported high levels of satisfaction with the treatment outcomes, and there were no incidences of incision infection, chronic wrist pain, or wrist traumatic arthritis. At the final follow-up assessment, the Mayo score for the wrist joint ranged from 85 to 95, with 7 cases rated as excellent and 3 cases as good.@*CONCLUSION@#Mini-plate combined with wireforms proves to be an effective fixation method for Type C distal radial fractures with marginal articular fragments. The early initiation of wrist joint exercises, strong fixation, maintenance of proper reduction, minimal complications, and high rates of excellent and good outcomes demonstrate the reliability and efficacy of this treatment approach.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Retrospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Radius Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Treatment Outcome , Wrist Fractures , Wrist Joint , Bone Plates , Range of Motion, Articular
11.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1226-1229, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985594

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the relationship between handgrip strength (HGS) and pulmonary function (PF) in college students with sedentary lifestyle, so as to provide a reference for taking HGS as an essential factor of PF.@*Methods@#In March 1-5, 2023, a total of 44 college students were recruited and were divided into the sedentary group (22) and exercise group (22) according to the International Physical Activity Questionaire (IPAQ), with 22 students in each group. Independent sample t-test was used to compare the indexes between groups, pearson correlation coefficient was used to determine the correlation between HGS and PF. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to determine the predictive model of PF.@*Results@#There were statistical significance of the correlations between HGS and FVC, MEP, PEF, FEV1, FIVC, MIP, and PIF ( r=0.79, 0.47, 0.44, 0.60, 0.72, 0.53 , 0.49, P <0.01). When gender, physical activity, age, height, weight, and HGS were included as predictors in the regression model, height and HGS had significant effects on FVC ( R 2=0.75, F= 60.55 , P <0.01), weight and HGS had a good predictive effect on FIVC ( R 2=0.67, F=41.77, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#HGS is significantly associated with PF in college students with sedentary lifestyle. Therefore, HGS can be used as an important indicator to predict the PF status of habitual sedentary college students.

12.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 596-600, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009392

ABSTRACT

Wound age estimation is the core content in the practice of forensic medicine. Accurate estimation of wound age is a scientific question that needs to be urgently solved by forensic scientists at home and abroad. Metabolomics techniques can effectively detect endogenous metabolites produced by internal or external stimulating factors and describe the dynamic changes of metabolites in vivo. It has the advantages of strong operability, high detection efficiency and accurate quantitative results. Machine learning algorithm has special advantages in processing high-dimensional data sets, which can effectively mine biological information and truly reflect the physiological, disease or injury state of the body. It is a new technical means for efficiently processing high-throughput big data. This paper reviews the status and advantages of metabolomic techniques combined with machine learning algorithm in the research of wound age estimation, and provides new ideas for this research.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Machine Learning , Forensic Medicine , Metabolomics , Big Data
13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2468-2475, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999138

ABSTRACT

Dengzhan Shengmai capsule, as a compound Chinese patent medicine, consists of four herbs: Herba Erigerontis, Ginseng, Ophiopogon, and Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus, and contains significant components of flavonoids, lignans, saponins, and organic acids. It is widely used clinically to treat cerebrovascular diseases such as chronic cerebral hypoperfusion and dementia with remarkable efficacy. This study proposes a research strategy for multi-component traditional Chinese medicine metabolites based on prediction databases and unfolds the analysis using Dengzhan Shengmai capsule as an example. Using the UPLC-Q-TOF/MS method, the analytical method was established and detected biological samples such as urine, feces, and bile of rats before and after administration based on the prediction of theoretical metabolites of Dengzhan Shengmai capsule. The possible secondary fragment ion information of metabolites was identified by comparing the detected results with prediction databases. The metabolites were identified based on the archetypal component mass spectrometric cleavage law and multistage mass spectrometric data. 51 metabolites, mainly flavonoid, organic acid, and lignan constituents, were finally identified from rat biosamples based on 306 theoretical metabolites of Dengzhan Shengmai capsule. This study provides a new strategy for the identification of metabolites in vivo and the analysis of metabolic pathways of TCM. The study complied with the procedures established by the Animal Experiment Ethics Committee of the Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and passed the animal experiment ethics examine (No. 00003645).

14.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 301-305, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931868

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical features of acute diquat (DQ) poisoning, and further improve the awareness of acute DQ poisoning.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of patients with acute DQ poisoning diagnosed in the emergency department of the Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University from January 1, 2019 to December 31, 2021. The clinical data included age, gender, exposure routes, presence of pesticides (drugs) mixture poisoning, dosage of poison, the time from taking poisoning to admitting in the emergency department, clinical manifestations, laboratory data, treatment, hospital days, prognosis and survival days.Results:The number of cases who firstly complained of acute DQ poisoning in the past three years were 19 cases in 2019, 28 cases in 2020, and 51 cases in 2021. A total of 12 patients were excluded due to being diagnosed paraquat (PQ) poisoning by toxicology detection. Finally, 86 cases of acute DQ poisoning were included, including 80 cases of oral DQ poisoning, 1 case of intramuscular injection, 1 case of binocular contact and 4 cases of dermal exposure. In 80 cases of oral DQ poisoning, there were 70 cases of diquat poisoning alone (42 cases survived, 28 cases died) and 10 cases of pesticide mixture poisoning (6 cases survived, 4 cases died). The time from oral poisoning to admitting in the emergency department was 0.5-96.0 hours, with an average of (8.6±5.8) hours. The time of intramuscular injection poisoning to admitting in the emergency department was 3 hours. The time of dermal exposure to admitting in the emergency department was relatively long, with an average of 66.1 hours. The time from oral simple DQ poisoning to death was 12.0-108.0 hours, and the time from oral mixed DQ poisoning to death was 24.0-576.0 hours. A total of 70 patients with oral diquat poisoning alone presented various degrees of multiple organ injuries. All patients presented gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea and vomiting. Renal injury and central nervous system injury were the most significant and closely related to the prognosis.Conclusions:Acute oral DQ poisoning can cause to multiple organ injuries, and the clinical manifestations are related to the dose of the poison. In severe cases, acute renal failure and refractory circulatory failure occur within 24 hours after poisoning, and severe central nervous system injury with disturbance of consciousness as the primary manifestation occurs within 36 hours, followed by multiple organ failure until death.

15.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 201-208, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014195

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of TRPC5 gene on the inflammation of cliabetie cardiomyopathy.Methods The biological functions of TRPC5 and the correlation between TRPC5 gene and other genes were analyzed by bioinformatics.Studies were performed in TRPC5 knockout ( TRPC5 ) and C57 mice.Mice were randomly divided into blank control and T2DM model groups, and the model was established by intraperitoneal injection of STZ (n = 10).The myocardial injury was detected by HE and Masson staining.Hie level of serum IL-1(3, IL-2, IL-6, IFN-7 and creatine kinase was examined by ELISA.Gene and protein expressions of IL-1(3, IL-2, IL-6 and TRPC5 were analysed by RT-PCR and Western blot respectively.Results By constructing the PPI network and analyses.the TRPC5 gene was identified to internet with a variety inflammatory genes and involved in immunity.The result of pathologieal section showed less myocardial damage and infiltrated immune cells in TRPC5 mice than in C57BL/6J mice.RT-PCR and serum results showed a lower expression of inflammatory factors in myocardium and serum obtained from TRPC5 model mice than in those obtained from C57BL/6J model mice.Conclusions TRPC5 participates in the development of dilated cardiomyopathy by regulating cardio- myocyte inflammation.

16.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 59-66, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984096

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The metabolomics technique of LC-MS/MS combined with data analysis was used to detect changes and differences in metabolic profiles in the vitreous humor of early rat carcasses found in water, and to explore the feasibility of its use for early postmortem submersion interval (PMSI) estimation and the cause of death determination.@*METHODS@#The experimental model was established in natural lake water with 100 SD rats were randomly divided into a drowning group (n=50) and a postmortem (CO2 suffocation) immediately submersion group (n=50). Vitreous humor was extracted from 10 rats in each group at 0, 6, 12, 18 and 24 h postmortem for metabolomics analyses, of which 8 were used as the training set to build the model, and 2 were used as test set. PCA and PLS multivariate statistical analysis were performed to explore the differences in metabolic profiles among PMSI and causes of death in the training set samples. Then random forest (RF) algorithm was used to screen several biomarkers to establish a model.@*RESULTS@#PCA and PLS analysis showed that the metabolic profiles had time regularity, but no differences were found among different causes of death. Thirteen small molecule biomarkers with good temporal correlation were selected by RF algorithm. A simple PMSI estimation model was constructed based on this indicator set, and the data of the test samples showed the mean absolute error (MAE) of the model was 0.847 h.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The 13 metabolic markers screened in the vitreous humor of rat corpses in water had good correlations with the early PMSI. The simplified PMSI estimation model constructed by RF can be used to estimate the PMSI. Additionally, the metabolic profiles of vitreous humor cannot be used for early identification of cause of death in water carcasses.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Biomarkers/metabolism , Cadaver , Chromatography, Liquid , Immersion , Postmortem Changes , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Vitreous Body/metabolism , Water/metabolism
17.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 442-452, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939906

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Depression and metabolic disorders have overlapping psychosocial and pathophysiological causes. Current research is focused on the possible role of adiponectin in regulating common biological mechanisms. Xiaoyao San (XYS), a classic Chinese medicine compound, has been widely used in the treatment of depression and can alleviate metabolic disorders such as lipid or glucose metabolism disorders. However, the ability of XYS to ameliorate depression-like behavior as well as metabolic dysfunction in mice and the underlying mechanisms are unclear.@*METHODS@#An in vivo animal model of depression was established by chronic social defeat stress (CSDS). XYS and fluoxetine were administered by gavage to the drug intervention group. Depression-like behaviors were analyzed by the social interaction test, open field test, forced swim test, and elevated plus maze test. Glucose levels were measured using the oral glucose tolerance test. The involvement of certain molecules was validated by immunofluorescence, histopathology, and Western blotting. In vitro, hypothalamic primary neurons were exposed to high glucose to induce neuronal damage, and the neuroprotective effect of XYS was evaluated by cell counting kit-8 assay. Immunofluorescence and Western blotting were used to evaluate the influences of XYS on adiponectin receptor 1 (AdipoR1), adenosine 5'-monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase (ACC) and other related proteins.@*RESULTS@#XYS ameliorated CSDS-induced depression-like behaviors and glucose tolerance impairment in mice and increased the level of serum adiponectin. XYS also restored Nissl bodies in hypothalamic neurons in mice that exhibited depression-like behaviors and decreased the degree of neuronal morphological damage. In vivo and in vitro studies indicated that XYS increased the expression of AdipoR1 in hypothalamic neurons.@*CONCLUSION@#Adiponectin may be a key regulator linking depression and metabolic disorders; regulation of the hypothalamic AdipoR1/AMPK/ACC pathway plays an important role in treatment of depression by XYS.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase/metabolism , Adiponectin/metabolism , Antidepressive Agents/pharmacology , China , Depression/drug therapy , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Glucose , Hypothalamus/metabolism , Receptors, Adiponectin/metabolism
18.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 305-320, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939895

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Some depressed patients receive acupuncture as an adjunct to their conventional medications.@*OBJECTIVE@#This review aims to provide evidence on whether acupuncture can enhance the therapeutic effectiveness of antidepressants for treating depression, and explore whether acupuncture can reduce the adverse reactions associated with antidepressants.@*SEARCH STRATEGY@#English and Chinese databases were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) published until December 1, 2021.@*INCLUSION CRITERIA@#RCTs with a modified Jadad scale score ≥ 4 were included if they compared a group of participants with depression that received acupuncture combined with antidepressants with a control group that received antidepressants alone.@*DATA EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS@#Meta-analysis was performed, and statistical heterogeneity was assessed based on Cochran's Q statistic and its related P-value. Primary outcomes were the reduction in the severity of depression and adverse reactions associated with antidepressants, while secondary outcomes included remission rate, treatment response, social functioning, and change in antidepressant dose. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) framework was used to evaluate the overall quality of evidence in the included studies.@*RESULTS@#This review included 16 studies (with a total of 1958 participants). Most studies were at high risk of performance bias and at low or unclear risk of selection bias, detection bias, attrition bias, reporting bias, and other bias. Analysis of the 16 RCTs showed that, compared with antidepressants alone, acupuncture along with antidepressants reduced the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale-17 (HAMD-17) scores (standard mean difference [SMD] -0.44, 95% confidence interval [CI] -0.55 to -0.33, P < 0.01; I2 = 14%), Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) scores (SMD -0.53, 95% CI -0.84 to -0.23, P < 0.01; I2 = 79%), and the Side Effect Rating Scale (SERS) scores (SMD -1.11, 95% CI -1.56 to -0.66, P < 0.01; I2 = 89%). Compared with antidepressants alone, acupuncture along with antidepressants improved World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF scores (SMD 0.31, 95% CI 0.18 to 0.44, P < 0.01; I2 = 15%), decreased the number of participants who increased their antidepressant dosages (relative risk [RR] 0.32, 95% CI 0.22 to 0.48, P < 0.01; I2 = 0%), and resulted in significantly higher remission rates (RR 1.52, 95% CI 1.26 to 1.83, P < 0.01; I2 = 0%) and treatment responses (RR 1.35, 95% CI 1.24 to 1.47, P < 0.01; I2 = 19%) in terms of HAMD-17 scores. The HAMD-17, SDS and SERS scores were assessed as low quality by GRADE and the other indices as being of moderate quality.@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture as an adjunct to antidepressants may enhance the therapeutic effectiveness and reduce the adverse drug reactions in patients receiving antidepressants. These findings must be interpreted with caution, as the evidence was of low or moderate quality and there was a lack of comparative data with a placebo control.@*SYSTEMATIC REVIEW REGISTRATION@#INPLASY202150008.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , Antidepressive Agents/adverse effects , Depression/drug therapy , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions/drug therapy
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 897-907, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939707

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish the technique that take the advantages of flow cytometry combined fluorescence in situ hybridization (Flow-FISH) to identify the Epstein-Barr virus(EBV) infected lymphocyte subtypies in patients' peripheral blood sample.@*METHODS@#Peripheral Blood monocyte from 9 patients with EBV infection enrolled at Children's Hospital in Chongqing Medical University were isolated by Ficoll-paque centrifugal separation. The expressions of EBER1, EBER2 in cell were detected by qRT-PCR. The surface markers of cell were detected by Flow cytometry after staining with their antibodies. The cell was treated Fix-Permeabilization Buffer before hybridization with fluorescent labeled probe at 37 ℃ overnight. The cell status, surface markers and targeted mRNA are detected by flow cytometry and fluorescence microscope.@*RESULTS@#It was optimized that the Fix-Permeabilization Buffer and recipe with 0.2% Tween-20 were picked out as providing a good cell integrity and high resolution of surface markers. Hybridization with 20% formamide and 7% dextran sulfate at 37 ℃ overnight is the optimal hybridization condition as a good hybridization effect, a detectable cell integrity and a high resolution of cell markers under flow cytometry detection. Finally, upon the established Flow-FISH method, lymphocyte subpopulations of the EBV+ cells from cell lines and blood samples of patients were identified successfully.@*CONCLUSION@#A Flow-FISH technology is established, which can be applied in the identification of EBV infected cell subtypes. This research provides a foundmental for its application in clinical test in EBV+ related proliferative diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections , Flow Cytometry/methods , Herpesvirus 4, Human , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence/methods , Lymphocyte Subsets
20.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 381-391, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939573

ABSTRACT

Extracellular matrix (ECM) stiffness is closely related to the physiological and pathological states of breast tissue. The current study was aimed to investigate the effect of silk fibroin/collagen composite hydrogels with adjustable matrix stiffness on the growth and phenotype of normal breast epithelial cells. In this study, the enzymatic reaction of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was used to change the degree of cross-linking of the silk fibroin solution. The rotational rheometer was used to characterize the composite hydrogel's biomechanical properties. Human normal mammary epithelial cell line MCF-10A were inoculated into composite hydrogels with various stiffness (19.10-4 932.36 Pa) to construct a three dimensional (3D) culture system of mammary epithelial cells. The CCK-8 assay was applied to detect the cell proliferation rate and active states in each group. Hematoxylin-Eosin (HE) staining and whole-mount magenta staining were used for histological evaluation of cell morphology and distribution. The results showed that with the increase of matrix stiffness, MCF-10A cells exhibited inhibited proliferation rate, decreased formation of acinus structures and increased branching structures. Meanwhile, with the increase of matrix stiffness, the polarity of MCF-10A cells was impeded. And the increase of matrix stiffness up-regulated the expression levels of mmp-2, mmp-3, and mmp-9 in MCF-10A cells. Among the genes related to epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), the expression level of the epithelial marker gene E-cadherin was significantly down-regulated, while the interstitial cell marker gene Vimentin was up-regulated, and the expression levels of Snail, Wnt5b and Integrin β1 in the Wnt pathway were up-regulated. These results suggest that the silk fibroin/collagen composite hydrogels with adjustable matrix stiffness regulates the proliferation and the phenotype of MCF-10A cells. The effects of increased matrix stiffness may be closely related to the changes of the polar structures and function of MCF-10A cells, as well as the occurrence of ECM-remodeling and EMT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Collagen/metabolism , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Fibroins/pharmacology , Hydrogels/metabolism , Hydrogen Peroxide , Phenotype
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