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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906242

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the regulatory effect of Siwu paste on the bone marrow hematopoietic function of aplastic anemia (AA) model rats. Method:SD rats were randomly divided into normal control group, model group, positive drug (Fufang E'jiao Jiang 10.8 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group, high-dose Siwu paste (22.68 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group and low-dose Siwu paste (5.67 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group. Acetophenazine (APH) combined with cyclophosphamide (CTX) injection was used to establish the aplastic anemia rat model. The administration groups were given the corresponding drugs (<italic>ig</italic>) for 15 consecutive days. The levels of white blood cells (WBC), red blood cells (RBC), hemoglobin (HGB), hematocrit (HCT) and platelets (PLT) in peripheral blood cells of rats were detected, thymus and spleen indexes were calculated and compared. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the levels of interleukin-3 (IL-3) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in rat serum. The pathological changes of bone marrow were observed by hematoxylin eosin (HE) staining. Western blot and Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) methods were used to detect Toll receptor 4 (TLR4) and nuclear transcription factor-<italic>κ</italic>B (NF-<italic>κ</italic>B) protein and gene expression in rat femoral bone marrow cells. Result:Compared with the normal control group, the WBC, RBC, HGB, HCT and PLT levels of the model group were significantly reduced, the thymus index was significantly decreased, the spleen index was significantly increased, the serum IL-3 level was significantly decreased, and the IL-6 level was significantly increased. The number of neutrophils and megakaryocytes in the femoral bone marrow was reduced, and the medullary cavity was filled with edema fibrofatty tissue. The expressions of TLR4 and NF-<italic>κ</italic>B protein and mRNA in bone marrow cells were significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the levels of WBC, RBC, HCT and PLT in peripheral blood cells of rats in the high-dose Siwu paste group increased, the thymus index increased, the spleen index decreased, the IL-3 level was significantly increased, the IL-6 level was significantly decreased, the pathological morphology of femoral bone marrow was slightly improved, and the expressions of TLR4 and NF-<italic>κ</italic>B protein and mRNA in bone marrow cells decreased significantly (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Siwu paste may improve the bone marrow hematopoietic function of rats with aplastic anemia by regulating the expression of the bone marrow inflammation signal pathway TLR4/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906094

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the potential mechanism of Bianketong tablet (BKT) in the treatment of constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (C-IBS) based on network pharmacology and bioinformatics. Method:The BKT-meridian network was constructed for analyzing the combined effect of the nine Chinese herbs in BKT. The active components and targets of BKT were collected from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP) and then screened according to the oral bioavailability (OB) and drug likeness (DL) criteria. Following the acquisition of C-IBS target set from GeneCards, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM), Drugbank and DisGeNet, the protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed. Cytoscape 3.7.2 was utilized for network visualization. The screened key targets were subjected to gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis using DAVID platform. The C-IBS mouse model was established via intragastric administration of ice water, and the key targets of BKT against C-IBS were verified by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and immunohistochemistry. Result:The large intestinal meridian was the main site where BKT acted. There were 70 potential active components in BKT, which acted on 227 intersection targets. Through T helper cell 17(Th17) differentiation, Toll-like receptor (TLR), tumor necrosis factor and other signaling pathways, BKT participated in inflammatory response, immune regulation, intestinal nerve regulation, hormonal regulation, and oxidative stress response, thus exerting the therapeutic effects against C-IBS. As reveled by <italic>in vivo</italic> experiments, BKT significantly improved the small intestinal propulsion rate, up-regulated the expression of vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) in serum and colon tissue of C-IBS mice, and down-regulated the expression of nuclear transcription factor-<italic>κ</italic>B (NF-<italic>κ</italic>B), interleukin(IL)-6, and TLR2 in serum and colon tissue, which confirmed the reliability of integration analysis. Conclusion:BKT inhibits C-IBS via multiple components, multiple targets, and multiple pathways. This study has provided ideas for further clinical research and experimental verification of BKT in the treatment of C-IBS.

3.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 926-930, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921297

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to establish a simple and efficient method for isolation and culture of primary rat glomerular microvascular endothelial cells in vitro. The bilateral kidneys were taken from 7-10-day old Sprague-Dawley rats, and the renal cortex was separated. Glomeruli were obtained by cutting and continuously passing 200-mesh and 300-mesh sieves. After type IV collagenase digestion for 15-20 min, renal microvascular globules were collected for inoculation and culture. The cultured cells were identified by cell morphology observation and immunocytochemical staining with factor VIII related antigen. The results showed that the renal microvascular globules were irregularly spherical, without cysts, and the capillary loop structure was clear; after 3 days of primary culture, short spindle-shaped cells crawled out around the renal microvascular globules and gradually formed cell colonies, showing an "island-like shape" distribution; 4-5 days later, the cell colonies fused with each other; 6 days later, the cells covered the bottom of the dish, showing a typical monolayer, paving stone-like, mosaic arrangement. The immunocytochemical staining of factor VIII related antigen showed that the cytoplasm was lightly stained brownish red, and factor VIII related antigen-positive rate of cells was nearly 100%. The above results suggested that this study successfully established a method combining continuous screening and collagenase digestion for culture of primary rat glomerular microvascular endothelial cells in vitro. It provides an important tool cell for studying the mechanism of the occurrence and development of diabetic nephropathy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cells, Cultured , Endothelial Cells , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884553

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the application of visual feedback coaching method, which is embedded in an optical surface monitoring system, in deep inspiration breath holding during the radiotherapy in left breast cancer patients after breast-conserving surgery.Methods:Thirty patients with left breast cancer, who were scheduled to receive the whole breast radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery, met the requirements of deep inspiration breath holding after respiratory coaching with the visual feedback coaching module in the optical surface monitoring system. Active breathing control equipment was used to control breath-holding state and CT simulation was performed. During treatment, optical surface monitoring system was used to guide radiotherapy. All patients were randomly divided into two groups. In group A ( n=15), visual feedback respiratory training method was utilized and not employed in group B ( n=15). In group A, the visual feedback coaching bar of the optical surface monitoring system was implemented, while audio interactive method was employed to guide patients to hold their breath. Real-time data of optical body surface monitoring were used to compare the interfraction reproducibility and intrafraction stability of breath holding fraction between two groups. Besides, the number of breath holding and treatment time per fraction were also compared. GraphPad prism 6.0 software was used for data processing and mapping, and SPSS 21.0 software was used for analyzing mean value and normality testing. Results:Compared with the control group, the reproducibility in the experiment group was reduced from 1.5 mm to 0.7 mm, the stability was reduced from 1.1 mm to 0.8 mm, the mean number of breath holding required per fraction was decreased from 4.6 to 2.4, the mean beam-on time per fraction from 336 s to 235 s, and the treatment time per fraction was shortened from 847 s to 602 s (all P<0.05), respectively. Conclusions:The application of visual feedback coaching method can improve the reproducibility and stability of breath holding during radiotherapy for left breast cancer, and it can also effectively reduce the number of breath holding and shorten the treatment time per fraction.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884550

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based and computed tomography (CT)-based target volume delineation and dose coverage in partial breast irradiation (PBI) for patients with breast cancer, aiming to explore the application value of MRI localization in PBI after breast-conserving surgery.Methods:Twenty-nine patients with early breast cancer underwent simulating CT and MRI scans in a supine position. The cavity visualization score (CVS) of tumor bed (TB) was evaluated. The TB, clinical target volume (CTV), planning target volume (PTV) were delineated on CT and MRI images, and then statistically compared. Conformity indices (CI) between CT- and MRI-defined target volumes were calculated. PBI treatment plan of 40 Gy in 10 fractions was designed based on PTV-CT, and the dose coverage for PTV-MRI was evaluated.Results:The CVS on CT and MRI images was 2.97±1.40 vs. 3.10±1.40( P=0.408). The volumes of TB, CTV, PTV on MRI were significantly larger than those on CT, (24.48±16.60) cm 3vs. (38.00±19.77) cm 3, (126.76±56.81) cm 3vs. (168.42±70.54) cm 3, (216.63±81.99) cm 3vs. (279.24±101.55) cm 3, respectively, whereas the increasing percentage of CTV and PTV were significantly smaller than those of TB. The CI between CT-based and MRI-based TB, CTV, PTV were 0.43±0.13, 0.66±0.11, 0.70±0.09( P<0.001), respectively. The median percentage of PTV-MRI receiving 40 Gy dose was 81.9%(62.3% to 92.4%), significantly lower than 95.6%(95.0%~97.5%) of PTV-CT. Conclusions:The CVS between CT and MRI is not significantly different, but the MRI-based TB, CTV, PTV are significantly larger than CT-based values. The PTV-MRI is of underdose if PBI treatment plan is designed for PTV-CT. As a supplement of CT scan, MRI can enhance the accuracy of TB delineation after breast-onserving surgery.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884523

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and prognosis of hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiation therapy combined with hormonal therapy in the treatment of pelvic lymph node metastatic prostate cancer.Methods:Clinical data of 42 IV A prostate cancer patients who received hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiation therapy combined with hormonal therapy in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences between 2006 and 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. The total irradiation doses to the prostate and seminal vesicles were 67.5 Gy/25f, 2.7 Gy/f. The prophylactic irradiation doses to the pelvic lymph nodes were 45-50 Gy with a daily fraction dose of 1.8-2.0 Gy. Thirty-three patients with residual lymph nodes were boosted to 60.0-67.5 Gy for the residual area, 2.4-2.7 Gy/f. Androgen deprivation therapy included surgical castration or luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone agonists combined with antiandrogens. Survival rate was calculated using Kaplan- Meier method. The differences between two groups were analyzed by log-rank test. Prognostic factors were identified by univariate and multivariate analyses. Results:The median follow-up was 65.5 months (range, 5 to 150 months). The 5-year and 10-year failure-free survival (FFS) rates in the whole group were 67% and 45%, respectively. No clinical recurrence was observed in the irradiation field. The 5-year and 10-year prostate cancer-specific survival/overall survival (PCSS/OS) rates were 85% and 60%, respectively. Gleason score (≥8 and<8) and duration of hormonal therapy impacted the FFS (both P<0.05). The duration of hormonal therapy was an independent prognostic factor for PCSS/OS ( P=0.003). Conclusions:Hypofractionated intensity-modulated radiotherapy combined with hormonal therapy yields optimistic clinical efficacy in the treatment of pelvic lymph node metastatic prostate cancer. Gleason score (≥8 and <8) and duration of hormonal therapy are critical prognostic factors.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880667

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Excessive production of AGEs in diabetic patients will affect the normal function of osteoblasts, and this process may be related to autophagy of osteoblasts. This study aims to explore the effect of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) on autophagic activity during osteogenic differentiation in rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs).@*METHODS@#BMSCs were isolated and cultured in vitro, treated with different concentrations (0, 50, 100, 200, and 400 mg/L) of AGEs for different time (3, 6, 12, 24, 48, and 72 h). The proliferation activity was detected by CCK-8 method. The mRNA and protein expression levels of Beclin1 and LC3 in cells were detected by real-time PCR and Western blotting, respectively.The autophagic vacuoles were observed under the transmission electron microscope. The cells were treated with autophagy promoter rapamycin or autophagy inhibitor 3MA. After 7 days of osteogenic induction, we performed alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining and real-time PCR to detect the mRNA expression levels of osteogenesis-related genes.@*RESULTS@#In the low-concentration groups, the proliferation activity in BMSCs was increased (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Low concentration of AGEs can enhance the proliferative activity of BMSCs and promote osteogenic differentiation by accelerating autophagy. High concentration of AGEs can suppress the proliferation of BMSCs and inhibit osteogenic differentiation by reducing autophagy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Autophagy , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Glycation End Products, Advanced/pharmacology , Humans , Osteoblasts , Osteogenesis , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910528

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the motion and influencing factors of implanted gold markers in guiding liver stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) using abdominal compression.Methods:Twenty patients with oligometastatic colorectal cancer or primary hepatocellular carcinoma from January 2016 to December 2019 were included. All patients were treated with SBRT under abdominal compression, with 1-3 gold markers were implanted within 2 cm from the lesion before positioning. Four-dimensional computed tomography (4DCT) scan was used for treatment planning. The respiratory cycle was divided into 0-90% respiratory phase images based on the respiratory signal, which were reconstructed by the system (Pinnacle 3 version 9.1; Philips Medical System, Madison, WI, USA), and cone beam CT validation images before radiation exposure were obtained. The liver volume was divided into 3 parts: within 2 cm from the main hepatic portal vein, 2-5 cm from the main hepatic portal vein, and>5 cm from the main hepatic portal vein. The motion of different tumor locations was evaluated. Results:The average intrafractional motion amplitude was (2.63±2.81) mm in the cranial-caudal (CC) direction, (1.35±1.23) mm in the anterior-posterior (AP) direction, and (0.76±0.88) mm in the left-right (LR) direction, respectively. The average interfractional motion amplitude was (3.45±3.06) mm, (2.64±2.60) mm, and (2.23±2.07) mm, respectively. Both the intra-or inter-fractional motion amplitudes in the CC direction were the highest, followed by those in the AP and LR direction (all P<0.001). The motion varied at different tumor locations. The longer distance from the main hepatic portal vein, the larger the intrafractional motion (all P<0.05). To cover the 95% population-based confidence interval, the internal target volume (ITV) was suggested to include the expansion of 3.9 mm, 5.2 mm and 7.9 mm in the LR, AP and CC direction. The expansion of 4.3 mm, 4.4 mm and 6.1 mm was delivered within 2 cm from the main hepatic portal vein, and 3.5 mm, 7.3 mm and 9.7 mm>5 cm from the main hepatic portal vein, respectively. The expansion varied significantly depending on the tumor location, whereas the motion in the CC direction was the largest regardless of the tumor location. The longer distance of the tumor from the main portal vein, the larger expansion in the CC direction. The expansion of tumor > 5 cm from the main portal vein in the AP direction was larger than that of inner parts. Conclusion:Liver tumors at different locations require individual external expansion of ITV.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910525

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the dosimetric characteristics, acute toxicity and short-term efficacy of postmastectomy hypofractionated internal mammary (IM) chain irradiation with electrons in patients with high-risk breast cancer.Methods:A total of 155 patients with breast cancer who underwent modified mastectomy between November 2018 and January 2020 were selected. Among them, 137(88.4%) patients were classified as stage Ⅲ and 18(11.6%) as stage Ⅱ. All patients received standard chemotherapy, endocrine therapy and anti-Her2 targeted therapy. CTV im was divided into three subregions: CTV im1, CTV im2 and CTV im3, which represented the first, second and third intercostal IM, respectively. The planning target volume of subraclavicular region (PTV sc) was delineated. CTV cw and CTV im were irradiated with 6-15 MeV electron at 43.5 Gy in 15 fractions over 3 weeks. Moreover, PTV sc was irradiated with 6 MV X-ray at 43.5 Gy in 15 fractions over 3 weeks using two-dimensional radiotherapy (2DRT) or three-dimensional radiotherapy (3DRT). The dosimetric characteristics of CTV im, PTV sc, lung, heart, left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) and right coronary artery (RA) were evaluated, and the acute toxicity and short-term efficacy were analyzed. Results:The mean dose (D mean) of CTV im was (43.3±2.6) Gy, D 95% was (30.5±8.3) Gy, V 90% was (85.0±10.5)% and V 80% was (91.0±7.4)%, respectively. The corresponding parameters of CTV im1 were significantly lower than those of CTV im2 and CTV im3(all P<0.001). Body mass index exerted no significant effect on IM dose ( P>0.05). Compared with 2DRT, 3DRT for SC significantly increased theD mean of CTV im[(43.4±2.6) Gy vs.(41.4±2.3) Gy, P=0.021], and the hot spot within PTV sc[V 110%: (26.7±17.5) cm 3vs.(12.5±8.4) cm 3, P=0.018; V 120%: (6.1±5.3) cm 3vs.(2.0±2.6) cm 3, P=0.023]. TheD mean of the ipsilateral lung was (9.8±1.9) Gy, and V 20Gy was (19.7±4.7)%. TheD mean of heart was (3.3±1.7) Gy in the whole group, (4.7±1.4) Gy for the left-sided breast cancer and (2.6±1.2) Gy for the right-sided breast cancer, respectively. TheD mean of LAD for the left-sided breast cancer was (13.9±4.9) Gy. TheD mean of RA for the right-sided breast cancer was (7.5±3.7) Gy. The incidence rates of ≥ grade 2 acute radiation dermatitis, esophagitis and pneumonitis were 19.3%, 4.5% and 2.6%, respectively. With a median follow-up time of 20.5 months (range: 9.9-41.8 months), 2 cases of chest wall recurrence, 2 regional lymph node recurrence, 6 distant metastases and 1 death were reported. Conclusions:When hypofractionated internal mammary chain is irradiated by electrons after mastectomy, the doses to the lung, heart and coronary artery are low, and the acute toxicities are mild. However, the dose to CTV im1 is inadequate. Although short-term efficacy is high, long-term follow-up is warranted.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910509

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the prognosis of patients with isolated regional recurrence (RR) after mastectomy, and evaluate the efficacy of radiotherapy and identify the optimal radiation target volumes.Methods:Clinical data of 144 patients with first isolated RR after mastectomy between 2001 and 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients had not received post-mastectomy radiotherapy. The primary endpoints consisted of the subsequent locoregional recurrence (sLRR), distant metastasis (DM), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS).Results:With a median follow-up of 82.5 months after RR, the 5-year sLRR, DM, PFS and OS rates for the entire group were 42.1%, 71.9%, 22.9% and 62.6%, respectively. Local plus systemic therapy was an independent favorable prognostic factor for sLRR ( P<0.001) and PFS ( P=0.013). The sLRR rate in the surgery plus radiotherapy group was the lowest ( P<0.001). Surgery plus radiotherapy significantly reduced the 5-year risk of recurrence within the initially involved nodal regions ( P<0.001). Patients with chest wall irradiation obtained the 5-year subsequent chest wall recurrence rate of 12.1% compared to 14.8%( P=0.873) for those without chest wall irradiation. The subsequent supraclavicular recurrence rate was lower in patients with prophylactic supraclavicular irradiation than that without prophylactic supraclavicular irradiation (9.9% vs. 23.8%, P=0.206). The incidence rates of initially uninvolved axillary and internal mammary nodal recurrence were below 10% regardless of prophylactic irradiation or not. Conclusions:Patients with RR alone have an optimistic 5-year OS in the contemporary era. Comprehensive locoregional treatment including surgery and radiotherapy combined with systemic therapy is recommended. The chest wall, axillary and internal mammary nodal prophylactic irradiation should not be routinely performed for all patients with RR. The value of supraclavicular prophylactic irradiation remains to be evaluated.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910508

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and preliminary efficacy of total neoadjuvant therapy (TNT) model of" neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy plus consolidation neoadjuvant chemotherapy (CNCT) followed by surgery" for locally advanced gastric cancer.Methods:From 2018 to 2020, 28 patients clinically diagnosed with locally advanced gastric adenocarcinoma or Siewert Ⅱ/Ⅲ adenocarcinoma gastroesophageal junction cancer were prospectively enrolled. The neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NCRT) was delivered with a total dose of 45 Gy, 1.8 Gy/f. Concurrent chemotherapy was S-1 at a dose of 40-60 mg twice daily. Then, patients received four to six cycles of CNCT of SOX regimen at three weeks after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy. D 2 lymphadenectomy was performed at 4-6 weeks after CNCT. Results:A total of 28 patients completed the whole therapy. Grade 3 or above adverse events occurred in 3 cases (11%) during CCRT, including thrombocytopenia, leukopenia and anorexia; 2 cases (7%) developed leukopenia and 3 cases (11%) of thrombocytopenia during CNCT. Twenty patients (71%) completed the surgery. The proportion of patients with pathological complete remission (pCR) was 50%. Three patients experienced surgical complications including anastomotic leak, anastomotic stenosis and intra-abdominal sepsis. All were recovered after symptomatic treatment.Conclusion:Interim analysis results demonstrate that TNT can yield significant down-staging for patients with locally advanced gastric cancer, which causes tolerable adverse events and postoperative complications.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910489

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the radiation field and dose selection of patients with isolated chest wall recurrence (ICWR) after modified radical mastectomy, and analyze the prognostic factors related to subsequent chest wall recurrence.Methods:Clinical data of 201 patients with ICWR after mastectomy admitted to the Fifth Medical Center, Chinese PLA General Hospital from 1998 to 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. None of the patients received postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy. After ICWR, 48 patients (73.6%) underwent surgery and 155 patients (77.1%) received radiotherapy. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the post-recurrence progression-free survival (PFS) rates and the difference was compared by log-rank test. Multivariate analysis was performed using Cox regression model. Competing risk model was adopted to estimate the subsequent local recurrence (sLR) rates after ICWR and the difference was compared with Gray test. Multivariate analysis was conducted using F&G analysis. Results:With a median follow up of 92.8 months after ICWR, the 5-year PFS rate was 23.2%, and the 5-year sLR rate was 35.7%. Multivariate analysis showed that patients with surgery plus radiotherapy and recurrence interval o F>12 months had a lower sLR rate. Patients with recurrence interval o F>48 months, local plus systemic treatment and surgery plus radiotherapy had a higher PFS rate. Among the 155 patients who received chest wall radiotherapy after ICWR, total chest wall irradiation plus local boost could improve the 5-year PFS rate compared with total chest wall irradiation alone (34.0% vs. 15.4%, P=0.004). Chest wall radiation dose (≤60 Gy vs.>60 Gy) exerted no significant effect upon the sLR and PFS rates (both P>0.05). In the 53 patients without surgery, the 5-year PFS rates were 9.1% and 20.5%( P=0.061) with tumor bed dose ≤60 Gy and>60 Gy, respectively. Conclusions:Local radiotherapy is recommended for patients with ICWR after modified radical mastectomy of breast cancer, including total chest wall radiation plus local boost. The radiation dose for recurrence should be increased to 60 Gy, and it should be above 60 Gy for those who have not undergone surgical resection. In addition, patients with ICWR still have a high risk of sLR, and more effective treatments need to be explored.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910477

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the setup errors of postoperative radiotherapy immobilized with integrated cervicothoracic board (mask) system in breast cancer patients.Methods:Thirty-two breast cancer patients treated with postoperative radiotherapy immobilized with integrated cervicothoracic board (mask) system were prospectively recruited in this study. Breast/chest wall (cw) and supra/infraclavicular nodal region (sc) were irradiated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy. CBCT location verification in radiotherapy and target areas of the breast/chest wall and upper and lower collarbone were carried out, respectively. The consistency between setup errors and the position of the upper and lower target areas of 239 CBCT images was analyzed.Results:The translational setup errors of the breast/chest wall in the X-cw (left-right), Y-cw (superior-inferior), Z-cw (anterior-posterior) directions were (1.84±2.36) mm, (1.99±2.48) mm, and (1.75±1.86) mm, respectively. The translational setup errors of the supra/infraclavicular nodal region in the X-sc (left-right), Y-sc (superior-inferior), Z-sc (anterior-posterior) directions were (1.98±2.44) mm, (1.98±2.48) mm, and (1.71±1.79) mm, respectively. The differences of translational setup errors between the breast/chest wall and supra/infraclavicular nodal region in the X, Y, Z directions were (0.38±0.66) mm, (0.07±0.41) mm, and (0.45±0.92) mm, respectively. Conclusion:For the breast cancer patients treated with postoperative radiotherapy covering breast/chest wall and supra/infraclavicular nodal region, the integrated cervicothoracic board (mask) immobilization system provides good reproducibility and yields Sfew setup errors.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910470

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between gastric filling status and intra-or inter-fractional tumor displacement in patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG) undergoing preoperative radiotherapy.Methods:From October 2018 to June 2019, 10 patients with locally advanced AEG who received totally neoadjuvant therapy were enrolled in this prospective study. Patients received two markers implanted at the cranial and caudal borders of the tumors under gastroscope and a total of 20 fiducial markers were implanted finally. All patients underwent 4DCT scan under the gastric fasting and filling status. Ten images of 0% to 90% respiratory phase were automatically reconstructed by the system (Pinnacle 3, version 9.1, Philips Medical Systems, Eindhoven, The Netherland). Each patient obtained one hundred sets of images. Results:In the tumors proximal to the chest, gastric filling did not significantly affect intrafractional or interfractional tumor displacements. Nevertheless, in the tumors distal to the chest, the interfractional displacement in the cranio-caudal (CC) direction under the gastric fasting status was significantly larger compared with that under the gastric filling status (6.22±4.67 mm vs. 4.13±3.68 mm, P=0.013). To ensure 95% of the prescribed dose irradiated to at least 90% of the tumor volume during the radiotherapy, the margins of tumors proximal to the chest in the left-right (LR), antero-posterior (AP) and CC directions were 9 mm, 8.5 mm, 12.1 mm under gastric filling status with 300 ml semi-fluid. Six patients diagnosed with gastric cancer with proximal thoracic fiducial markers treated by preoperative radiotherapy were included in the validation group, revealing that the fiducial markers of 93% patients were covered in this margin. Conclusion:During the preoperative radiotherapy in AEG patient, the approach of quantitative gastric filling can be considered.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910429

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical efficacy of radiotherapy in the treatment of extracranial metastatic breast cancer, and to investigate the significance and prognostic factors of whole-lesion radiotherapy (WLRT).Methods:Clinical data of 85 patients with extracranial metastatic breast cancer treated with radiotherapy between 2014 and 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Thirty-six patients were assigned into the WLRT group and 49 in the non-WLRT group. The local control (LC), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were calculated by Kaplan- Meier method, log-rank test and univariate prognostic analysis. Cox proportional hazards model was used for multivariate prognostic analysis. Results:The median follow-up time was 26.7 months. The 2-year LC, PFS, OS rates were 77%, 26%, 77%, respectively. The 2-year LC (91% vs. 67%, P=0.001), PFS (47% vs. 8%, P<0.001), OS rates (84% vs. 71%, P=0.010) in the WLRT group were significantly higher than those in the non-WLRT group, respectively. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that WLRT was an independent favorable prognostic factor for the LC, PFS and OS. Furthermore, bone metastasis alone was associated with improved LC and positive hormone receptor status was correlated with improved OS. Conclusions:WLRT has the potential to prolong the survival of patients with extracranial metastatic breast cancer. The patients with bone metastases alone obtain better LC, whereas those with negative hormone receptor status has worse OS.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867190

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the embryo-fetal developmental toxicity (EFDT) of careno?prazan hydrochloride (KFP-H008) in rabbits. METHODS Pregnant rabbits were given by gavage KFP-H008 at 5, 15 and 50 mg·kg-1 during the organogenetic period (gestation days 6-18, GD 6-18). Rabbits in positive control group were treated with cyclophosphamide (CP) 10 mg·kg-1 by iv. Maternal body mass and food consumption during gestation were recorded. Pregnant dams were euthanized on GD 29. The numbers of live/dead fetuses, resorptions, implantations, corpora lutea, and gravid uterus mass, placenta mass, fetal gender ratios, body mass, and skeletal development were evaluated. Moreover, the toxicokinetic parameters including AUC and C0-t, and tissue distributions were determined. RESULTS From GD 13, the maternal body mass and the food consumption in KFP-H00815 and 50 mg · kg-1 groups were lower than in the normal control group (P<0.05). Also, the reduced fetal crown rump length and mass, skeletal malformations/variations were observed in KFP-H00815 and 50 mg · kg-1 groups (P<0.05). KFP-H008 was rapidly eliminated, and became undetectable in the maternal plasma after a single administration. Following multiple KFP-H00850 mg · kg-1 treatment, both KFP-H008 and its metabolites were detectable in various tissues of the maternal and fetus, which might be the evidence for carenoprazan-induced developmental toxicity. In KFP-H00815 mg · kg-1 group, KFP-H008 and its metabolites were undetectable in most of maternal and fetal tissues. CONCLUSION The no observed adverse effect level (NOAEL) of KFP-H008 for maternal and fetal rabbits is about 5 mg·kg-1.

17.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 135-138, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-844565

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve the method about the primary culture of rat brain microvascular endothelial cells in vitro. Methods The SD rats aged from 4 to 6 weeks were chosen as research object. After craniotomy, washing and cutting, sieving, density gradient concentration of BSA, digestion of type II collagenase and collagenase dispersive enzyme twice, the primary culture was carried out. The target cells were indentified by morphological abservation and immunocytochemical staining of facter VI. Results Cultured for 12 to 24 hours,the cells in vitro migrated outward from the microvascular section. The cells appeared polygonal-shaped, and proliferated in a clustered monolayer, the cell growth density reached 70% - 80% of the bottle bottom after 3 days, and arranged like cobbles. The correlation antigen of VI factor was positive, they reached confluence with over purity 99%. Conclusion The method is available that can successfully separate and cultivate microvascular endothelial cells of rat brains in vitro.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828102

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) on osteoclasts at different stages of differentiation.@*METHODS@#Raw264.7 cells cultured were induced for osteoclastogenesis using RANKL, and the stages of differentiation of the osteoclasts were determined with TRAP staining. The cells were then randomly divided into control group, early-stage AGEs intervention group and late-stage AGEs intervention group. The viability of the cells after AGEs treatment was assessed using CCK-8 method. The cells were examined after the induction for osteoclastogenesis using TRAP staining, and the expression levels of RANK, NFATC-1, TRAF-6, TRAP and CTSK mRNAs were tested with RT-PCR; the expressions of CTSK and RANK proteins were detected using Western boltting.@*RESULTS@#We defined the initial 3 days of induction as the early stage of differentiation and the time beyond 3 days as the late stage of differentiation of Raw264.7 cells. Intervention with AGEs at 100 mg/L produced no significant effects on the viability of the cells, but AGEs suppressed the cell proliferation at a concentration exceeding 100 mg/L. The number of osteolasts in the early- and late-stage intervention groups was greater than that in the control group, but the cell count differed significantly only between the early-stage intervention group and control group ( < 0.05). The gene expressions of RANK, NFATC-1, TRAF-6, TRAP and CTSK all increased after the application of AGEs in both the early and late stages of differentiation, but the changes were significant only in the early-stage intervention group ( < 0.05). The changes in CTSK and RANK protein expressions were consistent with their mRNA expressions.@*CONCLUSIONS@#AGEs can affect the differentiation of osteoclasts differently when applied at different stages, and intervention with AGEs at the early stage produces stronger effect to promote osteoclast differentiation than its application at a late stage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Resorption , Cell Differentiation , Mice , Osteoclasts , RANK Ligand , Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-kappa B
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827778

ABSTRACT

Panax ginseng and Panax quinquefolius have similar bioactive components and morphological characteristics, but they are known to have different medicinal values, high-sensitive and accurate method is expected to identify the sources of ginseng products and evaluate the quality, but with a huge challenge. Our established UHPLC-TOF/MS method coupled with orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) model based on 18 ginsenosides was applied to discriminate the sources of raw medicinal materials in ginseng products, and nested PCR strategy was used to discover 6 novel single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) sites in functional dammarenediol synthase (DS) gene for genetic authentication of P. ginseng and P. quinquefolius for the first time. OPLS-DA model could identify the sources of raw ginseng materials are real or not. SNP markers were applied to identify ginseng fresh samples as well as commercial products, and proved to be successful. This established molecular method can tell exact source information of adulterants, and it was highly sensitive and specific even when total DNA amount was only 0.1 ng and the adulteration was as low as 1%. Therefore, this study made an attempt at the exploration of new type SNP marker for variety authentication and function regulation at the same time, and the combination of chemical and molecular discrimination methods provided the comprehensive evaluation and authentication for the sources of ginseng herbs and products.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827368

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the difference in odontoblast differentiation capacity between stem cells from human exfoliated deciduous teeth (SHED) and dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs), and to examine the expression level of ephrinB1 in odontoblast differentiation of these stem cells.@*METHODS@#The stems cells were divided into a SHED group and a DPSCs group. After odontoblast differentiation induction, the above 2 groups were also randomly divided into a 3 d group and a 7 d group, respectively.The calcium deposition was detected by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining and alizarin red staining.The mRNA and protein expressions of ephrinB1, dentin matrix protein-1 (DMP-1) and dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) were detected by real-time PCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#ALP staining and alizarin red staining showed that there was stronger mineralization capacity in the SHED group than that in the DPSCs group. The relative mRNA and protein expressions of DMP-1, DSPP, and ephrinB1 in the SHED group were higher than those in the DPSCs group except for the protein expression of DMP-1 in the SHED 3 d group (all <0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#SHED has stronger odontoblast differentiation capacity than DPSCs. In addition, ephrinB1 may be involved in the processes of odontoblast differentiation in the SHED and DPSCs.


Subject(s)
Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Dental Pulp , Humans , Odontoblasts , Osteogenesis , Stem Cells , Tooth, Deciduous
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