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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936335

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the inhibitory effect of agkistrodon halys venom antitumor component-I (AHVAC-I) on vasculogenic mimicry (VM) formation in triple-negative breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells and explore its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#CCK8 assay was used to determine the optimal concentration of AHVAC-I for cell treatment based on its halfinhibitory concentration (IC50). MDA-MB-231 cells were treated with different concentrations of AHVAC-I or 5-Fu, and the changes in vasomimetic capacity of the cells were examined using Matrigel assay. The expression levels of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2) and MMP9 in the treated cells were detected using quantitative PCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control treatment with culture medium, treatment with 5, 10 and 20 μg/mL AHVAC-I significantly reduced vasomimetic ability of MDA-MB-231 cells in a dose-dependent manner (P < 0.01). MMP2 supplementation obviously restored the vasomimetic ability of the cells inhibited by AHVAC-I.@*CONCLUSION@#AHVAC-I inhibits VM formation in triplenegative breast cancer cells in vitro by down-regulating MMP2 production.


Subject(s)
Agkistrodon/metabolism , Animals , Cell Line, Tumor , Healthy Life Expectancy , Humans , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/metabolism , Neovascularization, Pathologic/metabolism , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/metabolism , Venoms
2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1707-1711, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942846

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate long-term efficacy and safety of patients after excimer laser in situ keratomileusis(LASIK)surgery in 20a.METHODS: A retrospective study.Patients who underwent LASIK in our hospital from January 1998 to December 2001 were recruited. The patients were notified by telephone to the outpatient for follow-up. The collected data included demographic characteristics(gender and age), preoperative uncorrected distance visual acuity(UCVA)and best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), preoperative diopter, intraoperative corneal flap thickness and corneal stromal residual thickness(RST). The main indicators were long-term efficacy index, safety index, UCVA, BCVA, corneal thickness and axial length. The slit lamp, fundus and optical coherence tomography(OCT)examination were performed at the same time.RESULTS: A total of 95 patients(190 eyes)were recruited. At the final postoperative visit, there were 71 patients(142 eyes, 74.7%)had UCVA≥1.0, and 82 patients(164 eyes, 86.3%)had BCVA≥1.0. There were 2 eyes among them had bad BCVA(≤0.6)due to macular retinoschisis and glaucoma, respectively, while other patients' BCVA was 0.8. There was no significant correlation between the UCVA and BCVA of patients after surgery in 20a and the factors such as age at surgery, preoperative diopter and corneal thickness(P&#x003E;0.05), but there was a negative correlation with the increase of axis length(rs=-0.32, -0.31, all P&#x003C;0.05). UCVA and BCVA were positively correlated with corneal stromal residual thickness at the last postoperative follow-up(P&#x003C;0.05). The safety and efficacy indexes of LASIK after surgery in 20a were 1.00±0.10 and 0.83±0.27, respectively. During the follow-up, no patients were found to have corneal ectasia and complications related to corneal flap, and no patients underwent secondary surgery. No patients with corneal dryness were found after silt lamp examination.CONCLUSION: LASIK after surgery in 20a shows good safety and efficacy.

3.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1539-1542, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940018

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the changes of uncorrected distance visual acuity(UCDVA)and ocular accommodation before and after excimer laser photorefractive keratectomy(PRK).METHODS: A retrospective study. There were 120 patients(240 eyes)who underwent PRK surgery in our center from December 2017 to December 2019 divided into two groups according to the diopter of spherical equivalent(SE): 70 cases with SE≤-6.00D in the mild to moderate myopia group and 50 cases with -6.00D&#x003C;SE≤-9.00D in the high myopia group which were observed and analyzed. The UCDVA(LogMAR), monocular accommodative amplitude(AMP), negative relative accommodation(NRA), positive relative accommodation(PRA)and monocular accommodative flipper(AF)were measured before and after operation at 1wk, 1 and 3mo. RESULTS: In the group of low-moderate myopia and high-myopia group, the UCDVA at 1wk, 1 and 3 mo after operation was significantly increased compared with those before operation(all P&#x003C;0.01). The increase of UCDVA of low to moderate myopia group was better than that in the high myopia group at 3mo after operation(P&#x003C;0.05). Monocular AMP in the both groups firstly decreased and increased afterwards, and there was a significant decrease than that before operation at 1wk and 1mo after operation(P&#x003C;0.01). AMP reached and was better than that before operation at 3mo after operation(P&#x003C;0.01). The increase of low to moderate myopia group was both higher and faster than that of high myopia group. Compared with PRA before operation, the patients of low to moderate myopia group decreased at 1wk after operation(P&#x003C;0.01), postoperative levels at 1mo recovered to preoperative level(P&#x003E;0.05)and postoperative at 3mo was superior to preoperative operation(P&#x003C;0.05); High myopia group did not change significantly at 1wk and 1mo after operation compared with preoperative operation(P&#x003E;0.05), and increased at 3mo after operation compared with preoperative level(P&#x003C;0.01). For low to moderate myopia group, there was no significant difference in preoperative and postoperative NRA, and at 1wk after operation, NRA of high myopia group temporarily increased compared with preoperative operation(P&#x003C;0.01). At 1mo after operation, it returned to the preoperative level(P&#x003E;0.05), and significantly increased at 3mo after operation compared with preoperative operation(P&#x003C;0.01). Monocular AF for both groups significantly decreased at 1wk after operation compared with preoperative operation, recovered at 1mo after operation and was significantly better at 3mo after operation(all P&#x003C;0.01); The low-to-moderate group increased more than the high-myopia group.CONCLUSION: PRK has a good correction effect for myopia below -9.00D, and people in low to moderate myopia have a better postoperative UCDVA correction effect than those in high myopia. The eye accommodation will be abnormal in a short period after operation. The recovery and improvement time of accommodative function in low-moderate myopia group are shorter than that in high myopia group, but both groups can recover and improve at 3mo after operation compared with the preoperative levels.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939914

ABSTRACT

Impaired immunomodulatory capacity and oxidative stress are the key factors limiting the effectiveness of mesenchymal stem cell transplantation therapy. The present study was aimed to investigate the effects of jujuboside A (JuA) on the protective effect and immunomodulatory capacity of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs). Hydrogen peroxide was used to establish an oxidative damage model of hUC-MSCs, while PBMCs isolated from rats were used to evaluate the effect of JuA pre-treatment on the immunomodulatory capacity of hUC-MSCs. Furthermore, Hoechst 33258 staining, lactate dehydrogenase test, measurement of malondialdehyde, Western blot, high-performance liquid chromatography; and flow cytometry were performed. Our results indicated that JuA (25 μmol·L-1) promoted the proliferation of hUC-MSCs, but did not affect the differentiating capability of these cells. JuA pre-treatment inhibited apoptosis, prevented oxidative damage, and up-regulated the protein expression of nuclear factor-erythroid factor 2-related factor 2 and heme oxygenase 1 in hUC-MSCs in which oxidative stress was induced with H2O2. In addition, JuA pre-treatment enhanced the inhibitory effect of hUC-MSCs against abnormally activated PBMCs, which was related to stimulation of the expression and activity of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase. In conclusion, our results demonstrate that JuA pre-treatment can enhance the survival and immunomodulatory ability through pathways related to oxidative stress, providing a new option for the improvement of hUC-MSCs in the clinical setting.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Humans , Hydrogen Peroxide/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Oxidative Stress , Rats , Saponins , Umbilical Cord/metabolism
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928186

ABSTRACT

Mitochondrion, as the main energy-supply organelle, is the key target region that determines neuronal survival and death during ischemia. When an ischemic stroke occurs, timely removal of damaged mitochondria is very important for improving mitochondrial function and repairing nerve damage. This study investigated the effect of ligustilide(LIG), an active ingredient of Chinese medicine, on mitochondrial function and mitophagy based on the oxygen and glucose deprivation/reperfusion(OGD/R)-induced injury model in HT22 cells. By OGD/R-induced injury model was induced in vitro, HT22 cells were pre-treated with LIG for 3 h, and the cell viability was detected by the CCK-8 assay. Immunofluorescence and flow cytometry were used to detect indicators related to mitochondrial function, such as mitochondrial membrane potential, calcium overload, and reactive oxygen species(ROS). Western blot was used to detect the expression of dynamin-related protein 1(Drp1, mitochondrial fission protein) and cleaved caspase-3(apoptotic protein). Immunofluorescence was used to observe the co-localization of the translocase of outer mitochondrial membrane 20(TOMM20, mitochondrial marker) and lysosome-associated membrane protein 2(LAMP2, autophagy marker). The results showed that LIG increased the cell viability of HT22 cells as compared with the conditions in the model group. Furthermore, LIG also inhibited the ROS release, calcium overload, and the decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential in HT22 cells after OGD/R-induced injury, facilitated Drp1 expression, and promoted the co-localization of TOMM20 and LAMP2. The findings indicate that LIG can improve the mitochondrial function after OGD/R-induced injury and promote mitophagy. When mitophagy inhibitor mdivi-1 was administered, the expression of apoptotic protein increased, suggesting that the neuroprotective effect of LIG may be related to the promotion of mitophagy.


Subject(s)
4-Butyrolactone/analogs & derivatives , Apoptosis , Calcium/pharmacology , Glucose/metabolism , Humans , Mitochondrial Proteins , Mitophagy , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Reperfusion Injury/genetics
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928094

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the effects and mechanisms of 6-gingerol on adipose tissue insulin resistance in naturally aging rats with glycolipid metabolism disorders. Twenty-seven aging male SD rats were randomly divided into a model group(aged, n=9) and two groups treated with 6-gingerol at 0.05 mg·kg~(-1)(G-L, n=9) and 0.2 mg·kg~(-1)(G-H, n=9). Six young rats were randomly assigned to a normal control group(NC). Rats were treated for seven weeks by gavage. Non-esterified fatty acid(NEFA) and insulin content was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA), and adipose tissue insulin resistance index(Adipo-IR) was calculated. HE staining was used to observe the size of adipocytes in epididymal white adipose tissue(eWAT). The gene and protein expression levels of adiponectin receptor 1(AdipoR1), AMP-activated protein kinase α(AMPKα), phosphorylated AMPK(p-AMPKα~(Thr172)), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α(PGC-1α), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3 K), protein kinase B(Akt), phosphorylated Akt(p-Akt~(Ser473)), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1/2(JNK1/2), phosphorylated JNK1/2(p-JNK~(Thr183/Tyr185)), interleukin-1β(IL-1β), and interleukin-6(IL-6) in adiponectin(APN), insulin, and inflammatory factor signaling pathways were detected by Western blot and real-time RCR, respectively. The results showed that 6-gingerol at a high dose could significantly decrease the fasting plasma content of NEFA and insulin and reduce Adipo-IR. Additionally, 6-gingerol at a high dose significantly increased the protein and mRNA expression of APN, AdipoR1, PGC-1α, and PI3 K in eWAT, elevated the relative expression of p-AMPK~(Thr172) and p-Akt~(Ser 473), reduced the protein and mRNA expression of TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-6 in eWAT, and decreased the relative expression of p-JNK1 and p-JNK2. This study reveals that 6-gingerol can improve insulin sensitivity of adipose tissues in aging rats with glycolipid metabolism disorders, and this effect is presumedly achieved by enhancing the PI3 K/Akt signaling pathway, inhibiting adipose tissue inflammation, increasing APN synthesis, enhancing AdipoR1 expression, and activating its downstream AMPK/PGC-1α signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Adipose Tissue , Aging , Animals , Catechols , Fatty Alcohols , Insulin Resistance , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927942

ABSTRACT

Essential oils from Chinese medicine are popular in the fields such as medicine, food, and cosmetics because of their unique biological characteristics. However, since essential oils are lipophilic compounds with high volatility, poor stability, and strong irritation, various preparation technologies need to be employed to improve stability, reduce irritation, and increase bioavailability. At present, a variety of preparation technologies have been applied to the encapsulation of essential oils. Various encapsulation strategies are formed because of different delivery systems featured with multiple principles and characteristics and are widely used to improve the stability of essential oils. Essential oils of Chinese medicine are widely used in the medical field, and they are under continuous innovation and development in clinical research, the pharmaceutical industry, medical products, etc. The present study summarized various delivery systems that could improve the stability of essential oils and reviewed the applications of essential oils encapsulated in the delivery systems in the medical field to provide re-ferences for the improvement of stability of essential oils and their safety, efficiency, and wide use in the medical field.


Subject(s)
China , Oils, Volatile
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927934

ABSTRACT

Due to the characteristics of confusing varieties of Chinese medicinal materials, different sources, complex chemical composition, non-standard preparation process, and non-standard pharmaceutical equipment, the quality of Chinese medicinal preparations is difficult to be controlled and evaluated effectively under the current quality control mode and method of Chinese medicinal preparation. The present study proposed an engineering quality view of Chinese medicine pharmacy and a strategy to control the quality of Chinese medicinal preparations based on the current situation. The "overall, dialectical, and dynamic" multi-factor engineering quality view, covering original medicinal materials, preparation technologies, pharmaceutical equipment, and Chinese medicinal preparations, ensures the traceable process, measurable procedures, and feedback quality. The quality control mode of Chinese medicinal preparation with controllable sources, standardized preparation technologies, green pharmaceutical equipment, and intelligent manufacturing is built up.


Subject(s)
Commerce , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pharmacy , Quality Control
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927429

ABSTRACT

To explore the influencing factors of acupuncture curative effect in literature of experts' experience. The journal literature of experts' experience was retrieved from China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and PubMed, starting from inception to September 4, 2020, and the influencing factors of acupuncture curative effect were extracted and analyzed. A total of 499 articles were included, involving 495 articles in Chinese and 4 articles in English. The influencing factors of acupuncture curative effect mainly include five aspects: diagnostic method, acupoint selection of acupuncture, acupuncture manipulation, regulating mind of acupuncture and acupuncture time, and provide reference for acupuncture protocol design in clinical trials.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy/methods , PubMed , Publications
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923450

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the efficacy and safety of Toumai® endoscopic surgery robot in right upper lobe resection. Methods    The clinical data of 2 patients with non-small cell lung cancer who received right upper lobe resection with Toumai® endoscopic surgery robot in Shanghai Chest Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University in November 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. Both patients were male, aged 66 years and 44 years, respectively. Results    The operation was successful in both patients with no conversion to thoracotomy, surgical complication or death. The operation time was 65 min and 48 min, and the amount of intraoperative bleeding was 80 mL and 50 mL, respectively. The postoperative hospital stay was 3 days. There was no blood transfusion during the perioperative period. Conclusion    The application of Toumai® endoscopic surgery robot in lobectomy is preliminarily proved to be safe and effective. Compared with Da Vinci robotic surgery system, it has similar clear 3D vision and flexible and stable operation, which can become one of the important choices for the new generation of minimally invasive chest surgery.

11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 729-734, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923010

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To compar e the volatile components of Cuscuta chinensis and its processed products ,and to conduct principal component analysis (PCA). METHODS The volatile components of C. chinensis ,C. chinensis stir-frying with saltwater , C. chinensis stir-frying with wine were identified by headspace solid phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography- mass spectrometry. The relative percentage of each component was calculated by area normalization method. The PCA was conducted by using SPSS 21.0 software. RESULTS A total of 117 compounds were identified from C. chinensis ,C. chinensis stir-frying with saltwater and C. chinensis stir-frying with wine ,of which 68 compounds were identified from C. chinensis (relative percentage of 92.41%),such as phytone ,2-methoxy-3-(2-propenl)phenol,n-pentadecane,β-caryophyllene. Sixty compounds (relative percentage of 89.41%) were identified from C. chinensis stir-frying with saltwater ,such as maltol ,2,3-dihydro- benzofuran,4-vinyl-2-methoxyphenol. Fifty-eight compounds (relative percentage of 87.02%)were identified from C. chinensis stir-frying with wine ,such as phenylethanol ,β-caryophyllene,macrocarehe D. There were 24 common components in the three , and relative percentage of them were 38.56%,30.61%,33.07%,respectively. After processing ,there were 49 new components , such as furfural ,n-hexanoic acid ,caryophyllene oxide. The results of PCA showed that the cumulative contribution rate of the former two principal components was 100% ;comprehensive score of volatile components of C. chinensis was the highest , followed by C. chinensis stir-frying with wine and C. chinensis stir-frying with saltwater. CONCLUSIONS The quality of volatile components in C. chinensis is good ;the volatile components in processed products are more than those in C. chinensis .

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 492-499, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922915

ABSTRACT

A novel sort of nano-component was extricated and isolated from Descurainiae Semen Carbonisatum (DSC), and its hemostatic component was considered through pharmacological experiments. A muffle furnace was used to prepare DSC at 250 ℃, 300 ℃ and 350 ℃, and the DSC dialysate at each temperature was obtained by the extraction and separation method. Low-resolution transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) were utilized to characterize the nano-components. Ultraviolet spectroscopy (UV-Vis), fluorescence spectroscopy (FL) and infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were utilized to measure its optical characteristics and functional group information. The anti-hemorrhagic effects were evaluated by liver bleeding tests and the related hemostatic mechanisms of the obtained nano-components were further assessed by detecting blood coagulation and PLT quantity to discuss the hemostasis mechanism. The experiments complied with the Animal Ethics Committee of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine. TEM results showed that there was a novel type of nano-component in the DSC dialysate bag, which was named DSC nano-components (DSC-NCs). The experimental results of liver bleeding in mice showed that DSC-NCs prepared at 250 ℃, 300 ℃, and 350 ℃ could reduce the bleeding time of mice liver. Among them, DSC-NCs prepared at 350 °C had the best effect. In addition, DSC-NCs prepared at various temperatures can also reduce the prothrombin time (PT) value, increase the fibrinogen (FIB) value and the platelet (PLT) value to varying degrees. DSC-NCs have a certain hemostatic effect, which may be related to the activation of the exogenous coagulation system, the increase of FIB value and the increase of platelet content. This provides a new research direction for exploring the treatment of bleeding diseases, and provides a new perspective for the potential application of DSC-NCs in the medical field.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880171

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the kinetics of infiltrated T cell in murine acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) target organs after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) and its relationship with tissue pathological damage and aGVHD progress.@*METHODS@#Male C57BL/6 (H-2K@*RESULTS@#Compared with BMT group, the number of infiltrated T cells in aGVHD target organs including liver, lung and gut increased since day 7 in BMT+T group (P<0.05). On day 14, 28, 40 and 47 after transplantation, more infiltrated CD3@*CONCLUSION@#Pathological damage of aGVHD target organs is induced by CD3


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Graft vs Host Disease , Kinetics , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL , T-Lymphocytes , Transplantation, Homologous
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1978-1992, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888846

ABSTRACT

Tumor recurrence after surgery is the main cause of treatment failure. However, the initial stage of recurrence is not easy to detect, and it is difficult to cure in the late stage. In order to improve the life quality of postoperative patients, an efficient synergistic immunotherapy was developed to achieve early diagnosis and treatment of post-surgical tumor recurrence, simultaneously. In this paper, two kinds of theranostic agents based on gold nanorods (AuNRs) platform were prepared. AuNRs and quantum dots (QDs) in one agent was used for the detection of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), using fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) technology to indicate the occurrence of

15.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 173-175, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862563

ABSTRACT

At present, albumin is mainly used to prevent post-paracentesis circulatory dysfunction in patients with cirrhotic ascites, prevent renal dysfunction in patients with spontaneous peritonitis, and treat hepatorenal syndrome. Recent studies have shown that long-term albumin treatment can reduce the incidence rate of complications and improve overall prognosis in patients with cirrhotic ascites, which brings new insights into the indication for clinical application of albumin. This article reviews the clinical studies on the long-term administration of albumin in patients with cirrhotic ascites, aiming to provide evidence-based advice for further clinical research on long-term application of albumin in China.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906626

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the changes of CD4+ T cell numbers at different periods of antiviral therapy in HIV-infected and AIDS patients (HIV/AIDS) in Yichang City. Methods The relevant information was retrieved from the National AIDS Comprehensive Prevention Information System-Antiretroviral Treatment Management Database. Changes in the number of CD4+ T cells were analyzed in HIV/AIDS patients who started receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and continued the treatment for 3 years from January 1, 2003 to December 31, 2017 in Yichang. Results The number of CD4+T lymphocytes in 550 HIV/AIDS cases increased significantly at various time points within 3 years after treatment, and increased with the increase of treatment time(F=100.20,P<0.001). The CD4+T cell counts of different baseline level groups were statistically different before and after treatment(F=8.57,P<0.01). The CD4+ T cell counts of patients who started treatment at age of 15-30 years old increased faster than those who started treatment at age of over 30 years old(F=1.27,P<0.05). Conclusion HAART has a significant effect on the increase of CD4+T cells, and the early treatment is more effective. Early detection, diagnosis and treatment should be promoted, and anti-viral treatment should be actively carried out.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906409

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the incidence rate of andrological diseases has shown a significant growth trend. Considering the unavailability of a perfect theoretical system for andrology in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and the complex pathogenesis despite of the limited types of andrological diseases, it is necessary to improve the clinical efficacy of andrological diseases so as to satisfy the needs of patients. Therefore, the China Association of Chinese Medicine (CACM) organized the andrologists of TCM and western medicine and the outstanding young clinicians to discuss the andrological diseases responding specifically to TCM or integrated TCM and western medicine, such as chronic prostatitis, male infertility, benign prostatic hyperplasia, erectile dysfunction, and premature ejaculation, determine their diagnostic criteria in western medicine, and standardize the specifications for TCM diagnosis and treatment based on syndrome differentiation, thus formulating recognized and integrated diagnosis and treatment protocols. Apart from proposing suggestions on the treatment of such andrological diseases with TCM and western medicine, the experts have also figured out the andrological diseases responding specifically to TCM, the optimal intervention time of TCM and western medicine, and the suitable measures including surgery. The resulting consensus helps to better guide the formulation of accurate, personalized, and optimized treatment plans in clinical practice and improve the diagnosis and treatment effects of andrological diseases by giving full play to the advantages of TCM, which will in turn contribute to further innovation and development of TCM.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906307

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a new fast and accurate method for identifying the authenticity and specifications of Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus based on electronic nose technology, and to discuss the feasibility of this technology in the identification of decoction pieces. Method:Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus was used as the research object, 80 batches of samples to be tested were collected, and the olfactory sensory data of the electronic nose were taken as independent variables (<italic>X</italic>), the results of the method contained in the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic> were taken as the focus, and the traditional empirical identification results were used as benchmarking information (<italic>Y</italic>). Four chemometric methods, including discriminant analysis (DA), least square support vector machine (LS-SVM), principal component analysis-DA (PCA-DA) and partial least squares-DA (PLS-DA), were used to establish the identification model [<italic>Y</italic>=<italic>F</italic>(<italic>X</italic>)] of authenticity and commodity specifications of Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus, respectively. Wherein, the identification accuracy and time-consuming was taken as indicators to discuss the results. Result:After cross-verification by leave-one-out method, the correct rates of the above four models were 93.75%, 91.25%, 95.00% and 95.00%, respectively, and the PCA-DA and PLS-DA identification models were the best in terms of authenticity identification. In specification identification, the correct rates of these four models were 86.67%, 88.00%, 89.33% and 68.00%, respectively, and the PCA-DA identification model was the best. The electronic nose had a high accuracy in the identification of authenticity and specification model, and the time consuming was relatively short. Conclusion:Electronic nose technology can identify Fritillariae Cirrhosae Bulbus accurately and quickly, and has significant advantages in terms of timeliness and correct judgment rate.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906270

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of Fushengong prescreption on the regulation-antagonism effect of angiotensin converting enzyme-angiotensin Ⅱ-angiotensin Ⅱ 1 receptor (ACE-AngⅡ-AT1R) axis and angiotensin converting enzyme 2-angiotensin (1-7)-Mas receptor[ACE2-Ang(1-7)-MASR] axis of rats with chronic renal failure(CRF), and to explore its mechanism of delaying the development of CRF. Method:The 65 male SD rats were randomly divided into normal group (<italic>n</italic>=10) and modeling group (<italic>n</italic>=55). The normal group was routinely reared, while the modeling group were administered by gavage with 0.25 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>d<sup>-1 </sup>adenine suspension for 28 days. After the model was successfully established, the survival model rats were randomly divided into model group, benazepril group(0.01 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>)and low,medium and high dose of Fushengong prescreption groups (4,8,16 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>·d<sup>-1</sup>). The normal group and model group were administered the same volume of normal saline by gavage, lasted for 28 days. After the experiment, systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of caudal artery were measured, and 24-hour urine was collected to determine 24-hour urine protein (24 h U-pro). The content of serum creatinine(SCr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) in the serum were measured, the histological morphology was observed by hematoxylin eosin(HE)staining, and the degree of renal interstitial fibrosis was observed by Masson staining. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to determine the contents of AngⅡ, Ang (1-7) and Cystatin C (CysC) in serum and renal homogenate. The protein level of ACE, ACE2, AT1R and MASR were detected by Western blot. The expression of ACE and ACE2 protein in renal tissues were detected by immunohistochemistry. Result:Compared with normal group, the expression levels of SCr, BUN and CysC in model group were significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.05), the content of AngⅡ in serum and kidney tissues were significantly increased, the content of Ang (1-7) were significantly decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.05), the expression of ACE and AT1R protein in renal tissues were significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.05), and the expression of ACE2 and MASR protein were significantly decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.05). Compared with model group and benazepril group, after the intervention with Fushengong prescreption, the serum SCr,BUN and CysC decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.05),the content of AngⅡ in serum and kidney tissues decreased significantly,Ang(1-7) increased significantly(<italic>P</italic><0.05), the expression of ACE and AT1R protein in renal tissues decreased significantly(<italic>P</italic><0.05), ACE2 and MASR protein increased significantly(<italic>P</italic><0.05). The high-dose Fushengong prescreption has the best effect. The high, medium and low-dose effects of Fushengong prescreption were dose-dependent. Conclusion:Fushengong prescreption improved renal function and pathological change of kidney in adenine-induced rats with chronic renal failure. The mechanism may be related to the inhibition of ACE-AngⅡ-AT1R axis and promotion of ACE2-Ang(1-7)-MASR axis ,which leads to the delaying of the progression of chronic renal failure.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905850

ABSTRACT

Succus Bambusae, regarded as the holy medicine for the treatment of phlegm by traditional Chinese medicine experts, has the functions of clearing heat and resolving phlegm, resuscitating and relieving convulsions. In clinical practice, it is mainly used to treat phlegm-heat cough, phlegm yellow and shortness of breath, stroke with exuberant phlegm and other syndromes. The research of its processing procedure and quality standard is the key issue to realize the process modernization and quality standardization of this traditional medicine resource. On the basis of literature research, this paper conducted the herbal textual research on Succus Bambusae, sorted out its medicinal history, and compared the advantages and disadvantages of its traditional and modern preparation procedure. Based on the historical records, it is pointed out that there are still many problems in the traditional and modern processing procedure of Succus Bambusae, such as low-yield processing procedure and extensive production technology that cannot meet the requirements of large-scale green manufacturing. At present, there are a lot of literature on the comparative study of the origin, variety and processing procedure of Succus Bambusae, but most of them are limited to the chemical components, and lack of in-depth study on its pharmacodynamic substance basis and mechanism. Meanwhile, the pharmacological effects of Succus Bambusae are mostly limited to antitussive and expectorant, and few other pharmacological effects have been reported. Based on the above analysis, it is suggested that the follow-up research work can be carried out from these five aspects:①Clarifying the original source, enriching and perfecting the medicinal resources. ②Standardizing the processing procedure, establishing relevant quality standards. ③Clarifying the pharmacological mechanism, strengthening the basic research on the pharmacological effect and clinical application. ④Inheriting ancient processing, researching and developing special preparation equipment and standardizing production operation rules. ⑤Comprehensive utilization of the by-products in preparation process.

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