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1.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 889-893, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909425

ABSTRACT

High mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1), a highly conversed non-histone nucleoproteins with strong pro-inflammatory property, is one of the inflammatory mediator of the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Numerous studies have confirmed that HMGB1 regulates ARDS by binding to receptor for advanced glycation end product (RAGE), Toll-like receptor (TLR) and etc. And it can significantly increase the mortality of ARDS. But the mechanism of HMGB1 release is still unclear. This study focuses on the HMGB1 release progress, which connected with Janus kinases/signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT), nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), Notch, inflammasome, tumor necrosis factor (TNF), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), reactive oxygen species (ROS), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) and other signaling or dependent pathways in ARDS.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906154

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore active components and mechanism of Dipsaci Radix in treating rheumatoid arthritis (RA) based on ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS) and Integrative Pharmacology-based Research Platform of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCMIP). Method:UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS with electrospray ionization (ESI) was used to qualitatively analyze the chemical components in methanol extract of Dipsaci Radix under positive and negative ion scanning modes. The mobile phase consisted of 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution (A)-acetonitrile (B) for gradient elution (0-10 min, 0.2%-20%B; 10-20 min, 20%-40%B; 20-25 min, 40%-50%B; 25-33 min, 50%-98%B; 33-35 min, 98%-0.2%B), and the scanning range was <italic>m</italic>/<italic>z</italic> 50-2 000. Based on TCMIP, candidate target groups of Dipsaci Radix, RA and syndrome with Yin deficiency of liver and kidney were obtained, and correlation analysis on "disease-syndrome-prescription" was used to enrich the main active components and key targets. Cytoscape 3.8.0 and STRING 11.0 database were used to construct protein-protein interaction (PPI) network diagram. Metascape platform was used to analysis gene ontology biological progress and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) signaling pathways. Result:A total of 81 ingredients were identified by UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS. Based on TCMIP, 283 candidate targets corresponding to 81 ingredients, 7 RA related targets and 215 genes corresponding to syndrome with Yin deficiency of liver and kidney were collected. With further correlation analysis on "disease-syndrome-prescription", 17 key active ingredients were predicted, mainly including saponins and fatty acids of Dipsaci Radix. It mainly involved 7 hub targets, namely tumor necrosis factor (TNF), nuclear factor-<italic>κ</italic>B subunit 1 (NF-<italic>κ</italic>B<sub>1</sub>), hepatocyte nuclear factor 4 alpha (HNF4A), nuclear receptor subfamily 3 group C member 1 (NR3C1), peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPARG), nuclear receptor subfamily 1 group H member 4 (NR1H4) and nuclear receptor coactivator 1 (NCOA1). All of them were related to inflammation, and two of them were related to bile acid pathway. The 7 hub targets and 7 pathways played an important role in RA were screen out, including 4 bile acid related pathways and 3 inflammatory related pathways. Conclusion:UPLC-QTOF-MS/MS combined with TCMIP preliminarily elucidates the regulatory effect of multi-components in Dipsaci Radix on several pathways related to the inflammatory response and bile acid synthesis and metabolism, which lays a foundation for further study on the mechanism of Dipsaci Radix against RA.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922755

ABSTRACT

Chitooligosaccharide-zinc (COS·Zn) is a powerful anti-oxidant and anti-aging scavenger, whose anti-oxidative ability immensely exceeds vitamin C. Therefore, this study was aimed to investigate the protective effects of COS·Zn against premature ovarian failure (POF) and potential mechanisms. Female KM adult mice were divided into the following groups: a treatment group (150 mg·kg


Subject(s)
Animals , Chitosan , Female , Humans , Mice , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/genetics , Nuclear Proteins , Oligosaccharides , Primary Ovarian Insufficiency/drug therapy , Signal Transduction , Zinc
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921737

ABSTRACT

Good agricultural practices(GAP) for Chinese herbal medicine(CHM) is the source of quality control in the production of CHM. To ensure the safety, efficacy, and quality of Chinese herbal and natural medicine, the international community has been exploring the implementation of GAP for CHM. The implementation of GAP for CHM has a far-reaching impact, and the scale planting of CHM has been expanding. However, the medicinal materials produced by the GAP bases for CHM still cannot fully meet the market demand, and the output and quality of CHM remain to be improved. This paper summarizes construction status of GAP bases for CHM.The 129 companies that passed the certification during the implementation of GAP for CHM included 196 GAP bases, forming the scale CHM production zone with Sichuan province, Yunnan province, Jilin province, Henan province, and Shandong province as the core.The total area of GAP bases for CHM in China is about 250 000-500 000 Mu(1 Mu≈667 m2), which is still less than 1% of the total production area of CHM. The international agricultural production quality management strategies are all market-oriented behaviors.Drawing on the international good agricultural and collection practice(GACP) and hazard analysis critical control point(HACCP) as well as the relevant policies of Chinese quality management of CHM, we put forward feasible suggestions for the further implementation of GAP for CHM:(1)The market rules and international experience should be followed and employed to promote GAP management of CHM and third-party implementation of GAP certification;(2)The sound development of GAP for CHM should be boosted with the HACCP management system and the revision of GAP for CHM;(3)The implementation of policies and standards should be stepped up to facilitate the building of a whole-course traceability system for the production of CHM with high quality and reasonable prices.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Quality Control
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921659

ABSTRACT

Chinese medicine injections(CMIs) have higher requirements for quality consistency and controllability than other traditional Chinese medicine products. The implementation of Good Agricultural Practice of Medicinal Plants and Animals(GAP) is an important factor that guarantees the quality stability of raw Chinese medicinal materials and affects the quality of CMIs. Through literature review, data research, expert consultation, and statistical analysis, this paper analyzes the current status of GAP management of key CMIs and the impact of GAP management of raw medicinal materials on the quality consistency and controllability of CMIs. Furthermore, it demonstrates the rationality, necessity, and feasibility of the full implementation of GAP on the basis of CMIs safety re-evaluation.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Injections , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plants, Medicinal
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921329

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study aimed to examine the association of visit-to-visit variabilities in metabolic factors with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Shanghai community residents.@*Methods@#We used data from a cohort study of community residents who participated in three examinations in 2008, 2009, and 2013, respectively. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) level, blood pressure (BP), and lipid levels were determined in 2,109 participants at all three visits, and CKD was evaluated between the second and the third visits. Visit-to-visit variabilities in metabolic factors were described by coefficients of variation (CV) at three visits. A variability score was calculated by adding the numbers of metabolic factors with a high variability defined as the highest quartile of CV. CKD was defined as the estimated glomerular filtration rate < 60 mL/min per 1.73 m @*Results@#A total of 200 (9.5%) participants had CKD at the third visit. Compared with the lowest quartile of CV, the highest quartile was associated with a 70% increased risk of CKD for FPG [odds ratio, @*Conclusion@#The visit-to-visit variabilities in metabolic factors were significantly associated with the risks of CKD in Shanghai community residents.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Female , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Humans , Incidence , Male , Middle Aged , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888026

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the efficacy of Chinese medicine injections( CMIs) for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis for acute cerebral infarction from the perspectives of clinical medication and mechanism of action based on two complex network analysis methods. Firstly,the current 13 kinds of CMIs for acute cerebral infarction were obtained from 2019 List of medicines for national basic medical insurance,industrial injury insurance and maternity insurance with the method of network Meta-analysis. Secondly,with the use of network pharmacology,the mechanisms of top 2 CMIs with the highest therapeutic effect for acute cerebral infarction were explored from two levels including core target and network function enrichment. The result of network Meta-analysis showed Mailuoning Injection was superior to Danhong Injection in terms of total effectiveness rate for neurological deficit score and NIHSS score. The network pharmacology results showed that Mailuoning Injection had more core targets,interaction networks,enriched biological functions and more signaling pathways than Danhong Injection for cerebral infarction. Both two CMIs can play a role in treating cerebral infarction through core targets such as TP53 and NOS3,biological processes such as fibrinolysis,nitric oxide biosynthesis,nitric oxide-mediated signal transduction,negative regulation of apoptosis in endothelial cells and apoptosis process,as well as the signaling pathways such as PI3 K-Akt signaling pathway,HIF-1 signaling pathway and cell apoptosis signaling pathways. The results of pharmacological studies explained their differences in clinical efficacy to a certain extent. A research strategy based on curative effect should be advocated in efficacy evaluation of traditional Chinese medicine,where comparative research on clinical efficacy can be conducted firstly,and then mechanism research based on outstanding effective drugs to better provide references and basis for selection of similar competitive drugs for one disease in the clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Cerebral Infarction/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Endothelial Cells , Female , Humans , Injections , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pregnancy , Signal Transduction
8.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 614-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886792

ABSTRACT

Acute cellular rejection (ACR) is a common complication after lung transplantation, which is mainly caused by the immune response of T lymphocytes recognizing the major histocompatibility complex on the cellular surface of grafts. It is currently considered as the main pattern of acute rejection. ACR is not only a direct cause of death of recipients, but also a high-risk factor for chronic rejection after lung transplantation. Nevertheless, it is a challenging task to deliver the diagnosis and treatment of ACR following lung transplantation. In this article, new progresses on the risk factors, pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of ACR in lung transplant recipients were summarized, aiming to improve the diagnostic and treatment efficiency of ACR and prolong the survival of recipients.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885979

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the efficacy of different treatment protocols in treating transient synovitis of the hip (TSH) in children and to optimize the clinical treatment strategy for this condition. Methods: Ninety kids with TSH were divided into a control group, a chiropractic group and a chiropractic plus foot bath group using the random number table method, with 30 cases in each group. The control group was treated with conventional traction; the chiropractic group was given chiropractic treatment based on the control group; the chiropractic plus foot bath group was given Chinese medicine foot bath based on the chiropractic group. Traction and foot bath were conducted once daily while chiropractic was done once every other day, all with 14 d as a treatment course for a total of two courses. Changes in the visual analog scale (VAS) score and range of motion (ROM) of the hip joint in the three groups were observed, and the efficacy was compared. Results: The total effective rate was 93.3% in the chiropractic plus foot bath group, versus 76.7% in the chiropractic group and 66.7% in the control group, and the total effective rate was notably higher in the chiropractic plus foot bath group than in the other two groups (both P<0.05). Respectively after the first and second treatment course, the VAS score decreased significantly in each of the three groups compared with that before treatment (all P<0.01), and the ROM of the hip joint in flexion increased significantly (all P<0.01). After two treatment courses, the VAS score was lower in the chiropractic plus foot bath group than in the other two groups (both P<0.05), and its ROM of the hip joint in flexion was larger than that in the other two groups (both P<0.05). Conclusion: Based on traction, chiropractic plus Chinese medicine foot bath can effectively reduce pain and improve motor function of the hip joint in treating TSH.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885690

ABSTRACT

B and T lymphocyte attenuator (BTLA) is an immune checkpoint discovered in the early 21st century. BTLA is a typeⅠtransmembrane protein that belongs to Ig super family. The ligand for BTLA is herpesvirus-entry mediator (HVEM), a TNF receptor family protein. BTLA regulates the homeostasis of γδ T cells and innate lymphocytes (ILCs), promotes the survival of effector T cells and helps them differentiate into memory T cells. BTLA also plays an important role in maintaining the homeostasis of dendritic cells (DCs). Studies have shown that BTLA knockout mice have increased susceptibility to autoimmune diseases. Recent studies showed that BTLA also plays a crucial role in allergic diseases (such as allergic conjunctivitis and allergic rhinitis) and autoimmune diseases (such as systemic lupus erythematosus and ankylosing spondylitis). This article makes a systematic review about recent researches of BTLA in immune diseases.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878316

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The relationship between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and glycemic indices, including plasma glucose (FPG), 2-hour postload glucose (2h-PG), and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), remains inconclusive. We aimed to explore the associations between glycemic indices and SUA levels in the general Chinese population.@*Methods@#The current study was a cross-sectional analysis using the first follow-up survey data from The China Cardiometabolic Disease and Cancer Cohort Study. A total of 105,922 community-dwelling adults aged ≥ 40 years underwent the oral glucose tolerance test and uric acid assessment. The nonlinear relationships between glycemic indices and SUA levels were explored using generalized additive models.@*Results@#A total of 30,941 men and 62,361 women were eligible for the current analysis. Generalized additive models verified the inverted U-shaped association between glycemic indices and SUA levels, but with different inflection points in men and women. The thresholds for FPG, 2h-PG, and HbA1c for men and women were 6.5/8.0 mmol/L, 11.0/14.0 mmol/L, and 6.1/6.5, respectively (SUA levels increased with increasing glycemic indices before the inflection points and then eventually decreased with further increases in the glycemic indices).@*Conclusion@#An inverted U-shaped association was observed between major glycemic indices and uric acid levels in both sexes, while the inflection points were reached earlier in men than in women.


Subject(s)
Aged , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Blood Glucose/analysis , China/epidemiology , Cohort Studies , Diabetes Mellitus/blood , Female , Glucose Tolerance Test , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Glycemic Index , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Uric Acid/blood
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1289-1298, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878153

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The significant morbidity and mortality resulted from the infection of a severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) call for urgent development of effective and safe vaccines. We report the immunogenicity and safety of an inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine, KCONVAC, in healthy adults.@*METHODS@#Phase 1 and phase 2 randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled trials of KCONVAC were conducted in healthy Chinese adults aged 18 to 59 years. The participants in the phase 1 trial were randomized to receive two doses, one each on Days 0 and 14, of either KCONVAC (5 or 10 μg/dose) or placebo. The participants in the phase 2 trial were randomized to receive either KCONVAC (at 5 or 10 μg/dose) or placebo on Days 0 and 14 (0/14 regimen) or Days 0 and 28 (0/28 regimen). In the phase 1 trial, the primary safety endpoint was the proportion of participants experiencing adverse reactions/events within 28 days following the administration of each dose. In the phase 2 trial, the primary immunogenicity endpoints were neutralization antibody seroconversion and titer and anti-receptor-binding domain immunoglobulin G seroconversion at 28 days after the second dose.@*RESULTS@#In the phase 1 trial, 60 participants were enrolled and received at least one dose of 5-μg vaccine (n = 24), 10-μg vaccine (n = 24), or placebo (n = 12). In the phase 2 trial, 500 participants were enrolled and received at least one dose of 5-μg vaccine (n = 100 for 0/14 or 0/28 regimens), 10-μg vaccine (n = 100 for each regimen), or placebo (n = 50 for each regimen). In the phase 1 trial, 13 (54%), 11 (46%), and seven (7/12) participants reported at least one adverse event (AE) after receiving 5-, 10-μg vaccine, or placebo, respectively. In the phase 2 trial, 16 (16%), 19 (19%), and nine (18%) 0/14-regimen participants reported at least one AE after receiving 5-, 10-μg vaccine, or placebo, respectively. Similar AE incidences were observed in the three 0/28-regimen treatment groups. No AEs with an intensity of grade 3+ were reported, expect for one vaccine-unrelated serious AE (foot fracture) reported in the phase 1 trial. KCONVAC induced significant antibody responses; 0/28 regimen showed a higher immune responses than that did 0/14 regimen after receiving two vaccine doses.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both doses of KCONVAC are well tolerated and able to induce robust immune responses in healthy adults. These results support testing 5-μg vaccine in the 0/28 regimen in an upcoming phase 3 efficacy trial.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#http://www.chictr.org.cn/index.aspx (No. ChiCTR2000038804, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=62350; No. ChiCTR2000039462, http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=63353).


Subject(s)
Adult , COVID-19 , COVID-19 Vaccines , Double-Blind Method , Humans , SARS-CoV-2 , Vaccines, Inactivated/adverse effects
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 944-953, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878119

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has rapidly spread throughout the world. In this study, we aimed to identify the risk factors for severe COVID-19 to improve treatment guidelines.@*METHODS@#A multicenter, cross-sectional study was conducted on 313 patients hospitalized with COVID-19. Patients were classified into two groups based on disease severity (nonsevere and severe) according to initial clinical presentation. Laboratory test results and epidemiological and clinical characteristics were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used to detect potential risk factors associated with severe COVID-19.@*RESULTS@#A total of 289 patients (197 nonsevere and 92 severe cases) with a median age of 45.0 (33.0, 61.0) years were included in this study, and 53.3% (154/289) were male. Fever (192/286, 67.1%) and cough (170/289, 58.8%) were commonly observed, followed by sore throat (49/289, 17.0%). Multivariate logistic regression analysis suggested that patients who were aged ≥ 65 years (OR: 2.725, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.317-5.636; P = 0.007), were male (OR: 1.878, 95% CI: 1.002-3.520, P = 0.049), had comorbid diabetes (OR: 3.314, 95% CI: 1.126-9.758, P = 0.030), cough (OR: 3.427, 95% CI: 1.752-6.706, P < 0.001), and/or diarrhea (OR: 2.629, 95% CI: 1.109-6.231, P = 0.028) on admission had a higher risk of severe disease. Moreover, stratification analysis indicated that male patients with diabetes were more likely to have severe COVID-19 (71.4% vs. 28.6%, χ2 = 8.183, P = 0.004).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The clinical characteristics of those with severe and nonsevere COVID-19 were significantly different. The elderly, male patients with COVID-19, diabetes, and presenting with cough and/or diarrhea on admission may require close monitoring to prevent deterioration.


Subject(s)
Adult , COVID-19/pathology , China/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Cough , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diarrhea , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879189

ABSTRACT

Based on the serum medicinal method, this study aims to investigate the migrating components of Yougui Yin in the blood after intragastric administration, and to provide reference for the basic research of its pharmacodynamics. The kidney deficiency rat model was replicated by adenine method. Normal rats and model rats were administered orally for a single gavage of Yougui Yin. The components in blood were rapidly analyzed and identified by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography/quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) and multiple reaction monitoring(MRM), and the migrating components in blood of Yougui Yin were explored by multivariate statistical analysis. The results showed that there were 42 characteristic peaks in the plasma of normal rats by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS technology and 13 chemical components were identified, including 6 alkaloids, 2 flavonoids, 2 triterpenoid saponins, 1 iridoid, 1 phenylpropanoid and 1 monoterpenoid. There were 22 characteristic peaks in the plasma of kidney-deficiency rats, and 12 chemical components were identified, including 2 iridoids, 6 alkaloids, 2 flavonoids, 1 monoterpenoid and 1 triterpenoid saponin. Verbascoside, isoacteoside, acteoside, pinoresinoldiglucoside, loganin and morroniside were identified by MRM both in the plasma of normal rats and kidney-deficiency rats. Compared with 85 monomer components in Yougui Yin, 17 common prototype components were found by UPLC-MS in the plasma of normal rats and kidney deficiency rats, including verbascoside, isoacteoside, acteoside, rehmapicrogenin derived from Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata, pinoresinol diglucoside and geniposidic acid from Eucommiea Cortex, loganin and morroniside derived from Corni Fructus, mesaconine, benzoylmesaconine, benzoylaconitine, benzoylhypacoitine, mesaconitine, aconitine derived from Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata, liquiritin, isoliquiritin and glycyrrhizic acid derived from Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. Thirty-one metabolites of medicinal ingredients not found in the plasma of adenine-induced kidney deficiency rats were also detected in the plasma of normal rats. Twelve metabolites of medicinal materials not found in the plasma of normal rats were detected in the plasma of kidney deficiency rats. The results of the study provide reference for explaining the material basis and mechanism of Yougui Yin in the treatment of kidney deficiency.


Subject(s)
Adenine , Animals , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/toxicity , Kidney , Rats , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Technology
15.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 998-1003, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870393

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the subcellular localization of family of serine hydrolases 1 (FSH1) protein in Microsporum canis. Methods:The FSH1 and enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) genes were amplified by PCR using the previously constructed plasmid containing the FSH1 gene and the recombinant plasmid pCAMBIA-LRP-EGFP as the template; the vector DNA was obtained by double-enzyme digestion of the recombinant plasmid pCAMBIA-LRP-EGFP with SnaBI/KpnI. Then, the EGFP expression plasmid and Ptrcp-FSH1-EGHP-Ttrcp fusion plasmid were constructed by inserting the amplified EGFP gene and EGFP-FSH1 gene into the vector DNA respectively, and identified by PCR and sequencing. The two recombinant plasmids were transformed into Microsporum canis by an Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated method, and the gene EGFP and fusion gene FSH1-EGFP were expressed integratedly in Microsporum canis under the regulation by the fungal universal promoter Ptrpc and terminator Ttrpc. The cellular localization of the fusion protein was observed by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Results:The Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation system and EGFP expression vector in Microsporum canis were successfully constructed; the fusion gene FSH1-EGFP was expressed integratedly in Microsporum canis. Laser confocal microscopy showed that fluorescence signals of the FSH1-EGFP fusion protein were concentrated in the cytoplasm and nuclei of Microsporum canis, with a granular or cluster-like appearance. Conclusion:The FSH1-EGFP fusion protein was successfully localized in the cytoplasm and nuclei of Microsporum canis, providing a basis for further clarifying the function and pathogenic mechanisms of the FSH1 gene in Microsporum canis.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870112

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the correlation between exposure to famine in early life and later risk of type 2 diabetes in adulthood.Methods:A cluster sampling method was used to include 8 868 residents who were lived in the Jiading community of Shanghai during the Great Famine from 1959 to 1962 in China. Subjects were divided into non-exposed group, fetal exposure group, childhood exposure group, and adolescent exposure group. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between famine exposure in early life and the risk of type 2 diabetes in adulthood. Results:Famine exposure during childhood and adolescent both increased the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in adulthood in women. No significant correlation was observed in men. In subjects with less physical activity and lower education level, the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus in adulthood was significantly higher in the famine-exposed group than that of non-exposed groupand the interactions were statistically significant.Conclusion:Early life famine exposure increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes in adults, especially in women.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878687

ABSTRACT

Segmental zoster paresis(SZP)is a rare complication in herpes zoster infection,with its symptoms often neglected due to the co-existence of pain.Here we reported a case of SZP.Also,we analyzed 42 Chinese SZP cases in literature,which revealed that the male to female ratio of SZP patients was 13∶8,and the median age of disease onset was 65 years.The most commonly affected region is upper limb.The diagnosis depends mainly on typical medical history and clinical symptoms.Although there is no definite therapy for SZP,the antiviral therapy is the most commonly used treatment,which achieved complete recovery in 78.6% of the patients and partial recovery in 14.3% of the patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Herpes Zoster/diagnosis , Humans , Male , Paresis/etiology , Upper Extremity/physiopathology
18.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 396-400, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842449

ABSTRACT

Testosterone (T) plays a crucial role in spermatogenesis because extremely low levels of intratesticular T lead to correspondingly low serum levels of total T (tT), severe disorders of spermatogenesis, and male sterility. However, there is little consensus on the lower limits of serum tT in proven fertile men undergoing assisted reproductive technology treatments in Chinese or other Asian populations. We aimed to establish the reference range of serum tT based on a population of 868 fertile Chinese men undergoing in vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperm injection and embryo transfer (IVF/ICSI-ET) treatments. We defined a fertile man as having had a live baby with his partner as recorded in our IVF registration system. The lower limits of serum tT were established using a Siemens IMMULITE 2000 chemiluminescent system. The 1st, 2.5th, and 5th percentiles and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were 3.6 (95% CI: 2.7-4.1) nmol l-1, 4.3 (95% CI: 4.1-5.0) nmol l-1, and 5.6 (95% CI: 4.8-5.8) nmol l-1, respectively. Using the linear correlation of serum tT between the Siemens platform and a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry platform, the calculated lower limits of serum tT were also established for fertile Chinese men undergoing IVF/ICSI-ET treatments, which will benefit the clinical diagnosis and treatment of male infertility during such procedures.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868453

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the appropriate radiotherapy time and method in the treatment of patients with brain metastases (BM) due to from non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation.Methods:Totally 69 EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients with BM treated in Zhongnan Hospital of Wuhan University from January 2014 to September 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. The patients were divided into two groups according to the time of brain radiotherapy, including the upfront radiotherapy group ( n=45) who received concurrent brain radiotherapy and EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors(TKI)treatments and deferred radiotherapy group ( n=24) who received brain radiotherapy after intracranial progression during EGFR-TKI treatment. The upfront radiotherapy group was further divided into two groups, the group treated with WBRT concurrent with EGFR-TKI ( n=20) and the group treated with SRS concurrent with EGFR-TKI ( n=25). Overall survival (OS), progression-free survival (PFS) and intracranial progression-free survival (iPFS) time were evaluated. Results:The median OS of 69 patients was 31.2 months. For the upfront and deferred radiotherapy groups, the 1-, 2- year OS were 95%, 64% and 80%, 35%, the difference between the two groups was statistically significant. On subgroup analysis, the upfront WBRT, upfront SRS and deferred radiotherapy groups 1-, 2- year OS were 95%, 96%, 80% and 42%, 88%, 35%. Moreover, the upfront SRS group was associated with improved OS relative to the deferred radiotherapy group ( HR: 0.10, 95% CI: 0.23-0.46, P=0.003), but the upfront WBRT and deferred radiotherapy groups shared similar OS ( HR: 0.54, 95% CI: 0.21-1.32, P=0.180). There were no significant difference in iPFS and PFS between the upfront and deferred radiotherapy groups( P>0.05). Conclusions:Upfront brain radiotherapy prolonged the survival of BM patients metastasized from EGFR-mutant NSCLC. SRS concurrent with EGFR-TKI may be superior to WBRT concurrent with EGFR-TKI in the treatment of BM metastasized from EGFR-mutant NSCLC.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862685

ABSTRACT

With continuous introduction of relevant national policies on famous classical formulas, the research of famous classical formulas is popular all over the country. Different from other new drugs, in the research and development process of famous classical formulas, substance benchmark is earlier than the product, suggesting that the research and development of substance benchmark is of great significance. Based on previous work of the authors, content of substance benchmark of famous classical formulas was analyzed, which was included in the document <italic>The Management Regulation of Simplified Registration and Approval over Chinese Herbal Medicine Compound Preparations of Ancient Famous Classical Formulas</italic> released by the National Medical Products Administration in May 2018. In this paper, the significance of substance benchmark development was described, a five-stage of research strategy was proposed, covering the prescription textual research and historical evolution, the collection and quality evaluation of medicinal materials, the processing method and quality evaluation of decoction pieces, the preparation and quality research of substance benchmark, the drafting and formulating of quality standard over substance benchmark. At the same time, some suggestions were put forward to the feasibility of compound preparations development over famous classical formulas, the implementation difficulty of resource evaluation over Chinese medicinal materials, and the irrationality on the quality correlation of Chinese medicinal materials. All of these are expected to provide reference and enlightenment for the development and policy officially landed over ancient famous classical formulas.

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