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1.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 731-741, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984711

ABSTRACT

Objective: For patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) complicated with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), both anticoagulant and antiplatelet therapy should be applied, but the use of anticoagulation therapy is still poor in these patients in China. The purpose of this study was to explore the status and adherence of antithrombotic therapy in AF patients with ACS and the impact on 1 year clinical outcomes. Methods: Patients with AF hospitalized for ACS were retrospectively included from 6 tertiary hospitals in China between July 2015 and December 2020. According to the use of anticoagulant drugs at discharge, patients were divided into two groups: anticoagulant treatment group and non-anticoagulant treatment group. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the main factors influencing the use of anticoagulant drugs in patients with atrial fibrillation complicated with ACS. Major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) were defined as all-cause death, non-fatal myocardial infarction or coronary revascularization, and ischemic stroke and Bleeding Academic Research Consortium (BARC) 3 bleeding events were also collected at 1 year after discharge. After propensity score matching, Cox proportional hazards models and Kaplan-Meier analysis were used to evaluate the effect of anticoagulant treatment and non-anticoagulant treatment on 1-year prognosis. The patients were divided into different groups according to whether anticoagulation was performed at discharge and follow-up, and the sensitivity of the results was analyzed. Results: A total of 664 patients were enrolled, and 273 (41.1%) were treated with anticoagulant therapy, of whom 84 (30.8%) received triple antithrombotic therapy, 91 (33.3%) received double antithrombotic therapy (single antiplatelet combined with anticoagulant), and 98 (35.9%) received single anticoagulant therapy. Three hundred and ninety-one (58.9%) patients were treated with antiplatelet therapy, including 253 (64.7%) with dual antiplatelet therapy and 138 (35.3%) with single antiplatelet therapy. After 1∶1 propensity score matching between the anticoagulant group and the non-anticoagulant group, a total of 218 pairs were matched. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that history of diabetes, HAS-BLED score≥3, and percutaneous coronary intervention were predictors of the absence of anticoagulant therapy, while history of ischemic stroke and persistent atrial fibrillation were predictors of anticoagulant therapy. At 1-year follow-up, 218 patients (79.9%) in the anticoagulant group continued to receive anticoagulant therapy, and 333 patients (85.2%) in the antiplatelet group continued to receive antiplatelet therapy. At 1-year follow-up, 36 MACEs events (13.2%) occurred in the anticoagulant group, and 81 MACEs events (20.7%) in the non-anticoagulant group. HR values and confidence intervals were calculated by Cox proportional risk model. Patients in the non-anticoagulant group faced a higher risk of MACEs (HR=1.802, 95%CI 1.112-2.921, P=0.017), and the risk of bleeding events was similar between the two group (HR=0.825,95%CI 0.397-1.715, P=0.607). Conclusions: History of diabetes, HAS-BLED score≥3, and percutaneous coronary intervention are independent factors for the absence of anticoagulant therapy in patients with AF complicated with ACS. The incidence of MACEs, death and myocardial infarction is lower in the anticoagulant group, and the incidence of bleeding events is similar between the two groups. The risk of bleeding and ischemia/thrombosis should be dynamically assessed during follow-up and antithrombotic regiments should be adjusted accordingly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrial Fibrillation/drug therapy , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/adverse effects , Acute Coronary Syndrome/drug therapy , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Anticoagulants , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Hemorrhage , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Ischemic Stroke/drug therapy , Stroke
2.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 479-483, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984647

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study the incidence of bloodstream infections, pathogen distribution, and antibiotic resistance profile in patients with hematological malignancies. Methods: From January 2018 to December 2021, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics, pathogen distribution, and antibiotic resistance profiles of patients with malignant hematological diseases and bloodstream infections in the Department of Hematology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University. Results: A total of 582 incidences of bloodstream infections occurred in 22,717 inpatients. From 2018 to 2021, the incidence rates of bloodstream infections were 2.79%, 2.99%, 2.79%, and 2.02%, respectively. Five hundred ninety-nine types of bacteria were recovered from blood cultures, with 487 (81.3%) gram-negative bacteria, such as Klebsiella pneumonia, Escherichia coli, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Eighty-one (13.5%) were gram-positive bacteria, primarily Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Enterococcus faecium, whereas the remaining 31 (5.2%) were fungi. Enterobacteriaceae resistance to carbapenems, piperacillin/tazobactam, cefoperazone sodium/sulbactam, and tigecycline were 11.0%, 15.3%, 15.4%, and 3.3%, with a descending trend year on year. Non-fermenters tolerated piperacillin/tazobactam, cefoperazone sodium/sulbactam, and quinolones at 29.6%, 13.3%, and 21.7%, respectively. However, only two gram-positive bacteria isolates were shown to be resistant to glycopeptide antibiotics. Conclusions: Bloodstream pathogens in hematological malignancies were broadly dispersed, most of which were gram-negative bacteria. Antibiotic resistance rates vary greatly between species. Our research serves as a valuable resource for the selection of empirical antibiotics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacteremia/epidemiology , Cefoperazone , Sulbactam , Retrospective Studies , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Hematologic Neoplasms , Sepsis , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Gram-Positive Bacteria , Piperacillin, Tazobactam Drug Combination , Escherichia coli
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981396

ABSTRACT

Arrhythmia is an external manifestation of cardiac electrophysiological disorder. It exists in healthy people and patients with various heart diseases, which is often associated with other cardiovascular diseases. The contraction and diastole of myocardium are inseparable from the movement of ions. There are many ion channels in the membrane and organelle membrane of myocardium. The dynamic balance of myocardial ions is vital in maintaining myocardial electrical homeostasis. Potassium ion channels that have a complex variety and a wide distribution are involved in the whole process of resting potential and action potential of cardiomyocytes. Potassium ion channels play a vital role in maintaining normal electrophysiological activity of myocardium and is one of the pathogenesis of arrhythmia. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM)has unique advantages in treating arrhythmia for its complex active components and diverse targets. A large number of TCM preparations have definite effect on treating arrhythmia-related diseases, whose antiarrhythmic mechanism may be related to the effect on potassium channel. This article mainly reviewed the relevant studies on the active components in TCM acting on different potassium channels to provide references for clinical drug use and development.


Subject(s)
Humans , Potassium Channels , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Anti-Arrhythmia Agents/therapeutic use , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/drug therapy , Heart Diseases/drug therapy , Ions
4.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 278-285, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996226

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the prognostic biomarkers of glioblastoma (GBM) in the tumor microenvironment (TME) and its function.Methods:A total of 169 GBM samples of 161 GBM patients were collected from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. ESTIMATE algorithm in R4.1.0 software was used to calculate the proportion of immune components and stromal components in TME, which were expressed as immune score and stromal score, respectively. According to the median value of the two scores, 169 GBM samples were divided into the high score group and the low score group, respectively, 84 each in each group (those whose scores were equal to the median were not involved in the grouping). The differentially expressed genes (DEG) [false discovery rate (FDR) < 0.05] between the high score group and the low score group of the two scores were obtained by using limma package, and the co-up-regulated and co-down-regulated DEG of the two scores were obtained by using Venn program. Based on the STRING database, the protein interaction (PPI) network of co-up-regulated and down-regulated DEG of immune score and stromal score was constructed, and the top 30 genes with connectivity were selected. Univariate Cox proportional hazard model analysis of overall survival (OS) of 161 GBM patients in the TCGA database was performed on co-up-regulated and down-regulated DEG between immune score and stromal score by using R4.1.0 software to obtain the DEG affecting OS. The intersection of the DEG obtained from PPI analysis and Cox analysis was taken as the prognostic core genes. According to the median expression value of prognostic core genes in GBM samples from the TCGA database, 161 patients were divided into prognostic core genes high expression group and low expression group (patients whose scores were equal to the median were not involved in the grouping), with 80 cases in each group. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis of OS was performed by using R4.1.0 software. GSEA 4.2.1 software was used to perform gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) on all genes with transcriptome data of GBM patients in the two groups of the TCGA databases, and the main enriched functions of the two groups of genes were obtained. The CIBERSORT algorithm was used to test the accuracy of the proportion of tumor infiltrating immune cell (TIC) subsets in 169 GBM samples from the TCGA database, and 57 GBM samples were finally obtained. Immune cells with differential expression levels and immune cells related to the expression of prognostic core genes among the samples with different expression levels of prognostic core genes were analyzed; Venn program was used to obtain the intersection of immune cells with differential levels and related immune cells, and differentially expressed TIC related to expressions of prognostic core genes in GBM were obtained.Results:Based on the immune score and stromal score of GBM samples in the TCGA database, a total of 693 co-up-regulated and co-down-regulated DEG of both scores were screened out. After the intersection of 78 DEG related to OS obtained by univariate Cox regression analysis and 30 DEG obtained by PPI network results, CC motif chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2) was identified as the prognostic core gene ( HR = 1.294, 95% CI 1.060-1.579, P = 0.011). GBM patients with CCR2 high expression had worse OS compared with those with CCR2 low expression ( P = 0.009). GSEA analysis showed that genes in the CCR2 high expression group were mainly enriched in immune-related pathways, while genes in the CCR2 low expression group were mainly enriched in metabolism-related pathways. Among 57 screened GBM samples, there were differences in the levels of 3 immune cells between the CCR2 high expression group and the CCR2 low expression group ( P < 0.05). CCR2 expression was correlated with the levels of 9 immune cells (all P < 0.05). Venn program analysis showed that differentially expressed 3 TIC in GBM related to CCR2 gene expression were obtained; among them, M2 macrophages were positively correlated with CCR2 expression, while T follicular helper cell and activated NK cells were negatively correlated with CCR2 expression. Conclusions:CCR2 may be the core gene related to the prognosis in the TME of GBM. As reference, the level of CCR2 can help to predict the status of TME and prognosis in GBM patients, which is expected to provide a new direction for the treatment of GBM.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996097

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyse the settings of sub-campus of public hospitals directly under the National Health Commission, so as to provide research reference and suggestions for further promoting the scientific and standardized construction of sub-campuses of public hospitals.Methods:Data before August 30, 2022 were collected from the official websites of the hospitals in question including their introduction, overview, navigation, news and other categories of information.Relevant literatures on multi-campus published by hospitals under the direct management of the National Health Commission were obtained from the China National Knowledge Network, which was identified by searching the keywords " sub or multi-campus hospital" with " author affiliation", using such search conditions as " MeSH major topic" or " title/keywords/abstract" of the studied hospitals in advanced search builder. Descriptive analysis and frequency analysis were conducted on the numbers, the construction reasons, geographical location, operation scale, characteristics and positioning of the sub-campuses in the studied hospitals.Results:Of the 44 such hospitals, 30 had a total of 50 sub-campuses in operation. Generally there were two modes of construction. 35 were newly constructed and 15 formed by mergers; 37 sub-campuses were built and put into operation since 2010. Sub-campuses were usually located in the same area of the main campus, with 11 in the same area of the same city and areas, 35 in different areas of the same city, and 4 in different cities; the average geographical distance between the sub-campus and the main hospital campus was 31.18 kilometers; 27 sub-campuses had beds ≤ 500, 12 sub-campuses had beds between 501-1 000, 11 had beds>1 000; 14 specialized sub-campuses and 31 out of the 35 comprehensive sub-campuses clearly indicating their characteristics of specialized departments, and 1 other (research institute areas with research beds).Conclusions:Future proofing is characteristic of these public hospitals in terms of their sub-campus construction, regional setting, planning and positioning, and functional layout. However, both government regulatory departments and public hospitals should comprehensively consider and make prudent decisions on the planning, investment, demonstration, layout, and other aspects of the construction of sub-campuses of hospitals.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995712

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the accuracy, effectiveness and feasibility of MassARRAY genotyping assay in the diagnoses of neonatal genetic metabolic diseases.Methods:This is a retrospective study. From December 2016 to January 2020, newborns were screened by tandem mass spectrometry at the Zhejiang Newborn Screening Center, among which the data of 7 922 suspected positive cases of genetic metabolic diseases were collected. These patients were then tested for the common variants of 27 genetic metabolic diseases by MassARRAY genotyping assay, along with further testing using Sanger or next-generation sequencing used to verify and/or further search for potential variants.Results:A total of 1 408 cases were tested with MassARRAY. Among these, 307 cases were confirmed with certain genetic metabolic diseases. The detection rate of hyperphenylalaninemia was the highest, followed by primary carnitine deficiency, short acyl-coA dehydrogenase deficiency and methylmalonic acidemia. With these cases, the consistency of Sanger sequencing and MassARRAY was 100% (307/307). Another 287 cases were identified as carriers by MassARRAY with a 49.1% (141/287) consistency in reference to Sanger sequencing, mainly involving SLC22A5 and MCCC1 genes. Meanwhile, 50.8% (146/287) of these cases were found to have another variant mainly involving PAH, PTS and ACADS genes. The remaining 814 cases have no variants; 158 cases out of these patients have continuously abnormal amino acids, acyl carnitines, urine organic acid and/or other biochemical indices, and were tested by next-generation sequencing, among which 38% (60/158) were detected with two variants. In this study, a total of 513 patients with genetic metabolic disease were diagnosed, and the detection rate of MassARRAY was 59.8% (307/513). Conclusions:MassARRAY genotyping assay can be used as an early molecular screening method for neonatal genetic metabolic diseases. The detection rate is particularly high in diseases with a high concentration of hotspot variants, such as hyperphenylalaninemia and primary carnitine deficiency. The future application value of MassARRAY should be further improved by continuously optimizing its ability to identify new disease genes and potential variable sites.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995404

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze general information, diagnosis and treatment of digestive endoscopy departments in county-level hospitals of Yunnan Province, thus to provide evidence for improving the endoscopic diagnosis and therapy in these hospitals.Methods:An online survey was performed to collect quality-related information of digestive endoscopy centers (departments) at county-level hospitals of Yunnan from January 2019 to January 2020, including endoscopic equipment, endoscopic techniques, staffing, number of operations, and quality control.Results:A total of 143 county-level hospitals were involved in this study. Each hospital owned only 1.74 endoscopy operation rooms on average, 1.42 regular endoscopy workstation, 4 endoscopes. There were only 10 endoscopic ultrasonography workstations and 2 enteroscopy workstations respectively installed in these hospitals. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography was independently performed in only 4 hospitals. There were 392 professional endoscopists in all 143 hospitals, 18.62% (73/392) of whom were able to perform endoscopic therapy of grade 4, while only 6.12% (24/392) of whom could perform endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) independently. In 2019, the early diagnostic rate of gastrointestinal tract cancer in these hospitals was 19.48% (1 133/5 817). The early diagnostic rate was 21.04% (276/1 312) for esophageal cancer, 19.53% (397/2 033) for gastric cancer, and 18.61% (460/2 472) for colorectal cancer. The colorectal adenoma detection rate was 12.83% (12 207/95 148). The rate of reaching cecum during colonoscopy was 70.49% (67 067/95 148). The complete resection rate of ESD was 12.54% (221/1 763).Conclusion:The general situation of digestive endoscopy in county-level hospitals of Yunnan is far from being well-developed, which may be attributed to slow upgrading of equipments, inadequate training of endoscopic professionals and undemanding quality control. It is highly significant to improve medical service and quality of diagnosis and treatment of digestive endoscopy in these hospitals, on the basis of a complete endoscopy quality control system with a high standard.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995141

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the incidence of stillbirth and the associated factors in pregnancy among pregnant residents in Wuhan.Methods:A previous birth cohort was retrospectively reviewed. The cohort was based on Wuhan Maternal and Child Information System, and the perinatal information of pregnant residents in Wuhan from January 1, 2011, to September 30, 2017 and information of selected cases was collected, including socio-demographic characteristics, pregnant history, and healthcare information during pregnancy and labor. Data on stillbirth, including fetal death in uterus and in labor, were selected for this study. Chi-square test was adopted for comparing the differences in pregnancy-related factors between live birth and stillbirth, and binary logistic regressions for exploring the influencing factors associated with the occurrence of stillbirth. Results:A total of 509 057 deliveries in Wuhan were included in this study, including 505 839 live births and 3 218 stillbirths (3 155 after exclusion of fetal death in labor), with an overall incidence of stillbirth of 6.32‰(3 218/509 057), and an annual incidence between 4.90‰ to 8.11‰. Statistically significant differences were found between the live birth and stillbirth group in the following items: maternal age [<25 years old: 19.28% (97 544/505 839) vs 19.36% (623/3 218); 25-30 years old: 48.45% (245 077/505 839) vs 45.15% (1 453/3 218); 30-35 years old: 26.09% (131 952/505 839) vs 26.29% (846/3 218); >35 years old: 6.18% (31 266/505 839) vs 9.20% (296/3 218)], educational background [middle school or below: 22.90% (115 833/505 839) vs 22.03% (709/3 218); high school: 36.37% (183 978/505 839) vs 38.72% (1 246/3 218); college or above: 40.73% (206 028/505 839) vs 39.25% (1 263/3 218)], occupation [brainworker or professionals: 33.51% (169 514/505 839) vs 31.54% (1 015/3 218); manual or freelance worker: 66.38% (335 763/505 839) vs 68.34% (2 199/3 218)], residential area [urban area: 70.00% (354 365/505 839) vs 76.32% (2 456/3 218); rural area: 30.00% (151 474/505 839) vs 23.68%(762/3 218)], and time of conception [spring (March to May): 24.27% (122 746/505 839) vs 24.08% (775/3 218); summer (June to August): 24.09% (121 867/505 839) vs 23.87% (768/3 218); fall (September to November): 26.69% (135 012/505 839) vs 25.08% (807/3 218); winter (December to next February): 24.95% (126 214/505 839) vs 26.97% (868/3 218)] (all P<0.05), but no significant difference was found in fetal gender ( P>0.05). Besides, gravidity [once: 49.32% (249 484/505 839) vs 47.02% (1 513/3 218); over twice: 50.68% (256 355/505 839) vs 52.98% (1 705/3 218)], parity [once: 73.60% (372 316/505 839) vs 77.07% (2 480/3 218); over twice: 26.40% (133 523/505 839) vs 22.93% (738/3 218)], history of stillbirth [0.33% (842/256 355) vs 0.65% (11/1 705)], hypertensive disorders in pregnancy [3.25% (16 464/505 839) vs 5.59% (180/3 218)], first trimester vaginal bleeding [2.02% (10 251/505 839) vs 2.61% (84/3 218)], placenta previa [0.98% (4 963/505 491) vs 2.64% (53/2 009)], and oligohydramnios [2.52% (12 764/505 839) vs 1.90% (61/3 218)] differed significantly between the two groups (all P<0.05). However, no significant difference was found between the two groups in terms of the proportion of women with gestational diabetes mellitus and previous spontaneous abortion (both P>0.05). After exclusion of fetal death in labor from the 3 218 stillbirths, the same results were achieved. Binary logistic regression analysis showed that women who were over 30 years old (30-35 years old: OR=1.42, 95% CI: 1.30-1.56; >35 years old: OR=2.59, 95% CI: 2.25-2.98), with a high school degree or below (middle school or below: OR=1.37, 95% CI: 1.21-1.55; high school: OR=1.28, 95% CI: 1.16-1.42), manual or freelance worker ( OR=1.18, 95% CI: 1.07-1.31), in the urban area ( OR=1.43, 95% CI:1.31-1.57), and gravidity ≥ 2 times ( OR=1.32, 95% CI: 1.21-1.43), primiparity ( OR=1.76, 95% CI: 1.58-1.96), gestational hypertension ( OR=2.80, 95% CI: 2.40-3.27), vaginal bleeding in the first trimester ( OR=1.35, 95% CI: 1.08-1.68), placenta previa ( OR=10.86, 95% CI: 8.84-13.35) and history of stillbirth ( OR=2.27, 95% CI: 1.30-3.98) were all risk factors of stillbirth. Conclusion:Pregnant women who were over 30 years old, less educated, manual worker or freelance or with a history of adverse pregnancy, vaginal bleeding in the first trimester, hypertension in pregnancy, and placenta previa are at higher risk of stillbirth

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994713

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the breadth of condition coverage, accuracy of suggested conditions and appropriateness of urgency advice of the 8 symptom assessment mobile applications (APPs) available on the Chinese market.Methods:The APPs were assessed using 200 primary care vignettes and were measured against the vignettes′ standard. The primary outcome measures were proportion of conditions covered by an APP, proportion of vignettes with the correct primary diagnosis,and proportion of safe urgency advice.Results:For APPs assessed,condition-coverage was from 29.0%(58/200)to 99.5%(199/200), top-3 suggestion accuracy was from 8.5%(17/200) to 61.5%(123/200), the proportion of safe urgency advice was from 84.8%(167/197) to 99.5% (198/199).Conclusions:The APPs showed a wide range of coverage, safety performance and condition-suggestion accuracy. Symptom assessment APPs with good performance could be used by general practitioners as supporting tools. However, even symptom assessment APPs with excellent performance need to be further assessed in a real clinical environment.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994191

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the role of the sodium leak channel (NALCN) in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) in the social behavior of mice.Methods:Thirty-nine male wild-type C57BL/6 mice, aged 6-8 weeks, weighing 18-22 g, were used in this study. Three mice were sacrificed to verify the expression and co-expression of NALCN with neuronal nuclear antigen (NeuN) in the hippocampal DG using the immunofluorescent staining. The remaining 36 mice were divided into 2 groups ( n=18 each) by the random number table method: control group (group C) and NALCN gene knockdown group (group KO). NALCN-shRNA virus was injected in group KO, and scrambled-shRNA virus was injected in group C. The three box social test and open field test were performed at 3 weeks after the virus injection. Mice were sacrificed under anesthesia after the behavioral test, hippocampal tissues were collected, and the injection location of the virus was verified with a fluorescence microscope, and the NALCN protein and mRNA expression in the hippocampal DG was detected by Western blot and real-time polymerase chain reaction, respectively. Results:NALCN and NeuN co-expressed a lot on the same neuron in the hippocampal DG of mice, indicating that NALCN was widely expressed on the neurons in the hippocampal DG. Compared with group C, the expression of NALCN and mRNA in the hippocampal DG was significantly down-regulated, and the social novelty preference disappeared ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the social ability and each parameter in the open field test in group KO ( P>0.05). Conclusions:NALCN in the hippocampal DG is involved in the regulation of social memory in mice, and the down-regulated expression of NALCN can lead to the loss of social novelty preference in mice.

11.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 286-292, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993440

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the value of peritumoral vascular invasion (PVI) on the prognosis of patients with osteosarcoma.Methods:A total of 232 patients with primary osteosarcoma from 2007 to 2016 were retrospectively analyzed, including 142 males and 90 females. The average age was 17.9±8.2 years (range, 3-39 years). There were 22 positive and 210 negative cases of PVI, 94 deaths and 138 survivals. Univariate survival analysis (Log-rank test and univariate Cox regression) was used to evaluate the effects of age, gender, PVI status, tumor location, surgical method, sensitivity to chemotherapy, and chemotherapy regimen on the prognosis of osteosarcoma. The indicators with statistically significant differences were included in the multivariate Cox regression model to finally determine the risk factors affecting the prognosis of osteosarcoma. The relationship between PVI status and 5-year survival and the incidence of recurrence or metastasis was evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method.Results:All patients were followed up for 7.6±4.5 years (range, 0.1-15 years). The differences in sensitivity to chemotherapy (χ 2=9.52, P=0.002), choice of chemotherapy regimen (χ 2=8.87, P=0.012), choice of surgical modality (χ 2=13.50, P<0.001), tumor metastasis rate (χ 2=8.51, P=0.004) and mortality rate (χ 2=5.39, P= 0.020) of PVI positive group and PVI negative group had statistically significant differences. Univariate survival analysis was performed on 232 patients with osteosarcoma (gender, age, PVI status, site of tumor development, surgical modality, sensitivity to chemotherapy, and chemotherapy regimen). Indicators with statistically significant differences were included in a multifactorial Cox regression model. The results showed PVI positive [5-year survival rate: HR=2.02, 95% CI (1.61, 2.79), P=0.010; 5-year recurrence or metastasis rate: HR=2.25, 95% CI (1.55, 3.14), P<0.001], surgical procedure as amputation [5-year survival rate: HR=1.22, 95% CI (0.94, 1.78), P=0.037; 5-year recurrence or metastasis rate: HR=1.58, 95% CI (1.11, 2.23), P=0.026] and poor sensitivity to chemotherapy [5-year survival rate: HR=2.71, 95% CI (1.84, 3.98), P=0.001; 5-year recurrence or metastasis rate: HR=2.52, 95% CI (1.88, 3.45), P<0.001] was associated with poor prognosis. Kaplan-Meier curve showed that the 5-year survival rate of PVI positive group was 34%, which was lower than 68% of PVI negative group. The 5-year recurrence or metastasis rate was 72% in the PVI negative group, which was significantly higher than 38% in the PVI negative group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The 5-year survival rate of PVI positive group was lower than that of PVI negative group, and the 5-year recurrence or metastasis rate was higher than that of PVI negative group. The presence of microvascular angiosarcoma plugs infiltrating the peritumoral tissue in surgical specimens of osteosarcoma after neoadjuvant chemotherapy is a useful indicator to assess the prognosis of patients with osteosarcoma.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993225

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical application of online adaptive radiotherapy based on iterative cone-beam computed tomography (iCBCT) for the pelvic malignancies.Methods:This was a prospective clinical trial of iCBCT guided online adaptive radiotherapy for pelvic malignancies in Department of Radiation Oncology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Clinical data of 13 patients with pelvic malignancies who received online adaptive radiotherapy from August to November, 2022 were preliminarily analyzed (2 cases of cervical cancer, 4 postoperative cervical cancer, 3 postoperative endometrial cancer, 3 bladder cancer and 1 prostate cancer). The feasibility of online adaptive radiotherapy, adaptive radiotherapy time, the frequency and magnitude of edits for organs at risk and target volume, target volume coverage and organs at risk doses were analyzed. Statistical analysis was performed by SPSS software. Data conforming to normal distribution were described by Mean±SD, and data with non-normal distribution were expressed by M ( Q1, Q3). Data with homogeneous variances were analyzed by t-test, and data with non-normal distribution or heterogeneous variances were analyzed by nonparametric test. Results:The average adaptive time was 15 min and 38 s (from acceptance of acquired CBCT scan to completion of the final plan selection). 85.4% (830/972 fractions) of influencer structures (system-defined organs adjacent to and with high impact on the generation of clinical target volume and planning target volume, primarily bladder, rectum and small intestine in pelvic neoplasms) automatically generated by artificial intelligence required no edits or minor editors, and 89.8% (491/547 fractions) of clinical target volume automatically generated by artificial intelligence required no edits or minor editors. The adapted plan was adopted in 98.5% (319/324 fractions) of radiotherapy fractions. Compared with the scheduled plan, the adapted plan showed better target volume coverage and reduced the dose of organs at risk.Conclusions:iCBCT guided online adaptive radiotherapy for the pelvic malignancies can be achieved within clinically acceptable timeslots. In addtion, better dose coverage of target volume shows the advantages of online adaptive radiotherapy.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993146

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the value of nomograms based on clinical parameters, apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and MRI-derived radiomics in predicting survival of patients with locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) after concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT).Methods:Clinical data of 423 patients with IB-IVA cervical cancer treated with CCRT at Anhui Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Anhui Medical University from March 2014 to March 2020 were retrospectively analyzed and randomly divided into the training and validation groups at a ratio of 2∶1 using the simple randomization method. The values of ADC min, ADC mean, ADC max and 3D texture parameters of diffusion weighted imaging (DWI), T 2WI, T 2WI-fat suppression of pre-treatment primary lesions in all patients were measured. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) algorithm and logistic regression analysis were used to screen the texture features and calculate radiomics score (Rad-score). Cox regression analysis was employed to construct nomogram models for predicting overall survival (OS) and cancer-specific survival (CS) of patients with LACC after CCRT, which were subject to internal and external validation. Results:Squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC-Ag), external beam radiotherapy dose, ADCmin and Rad-score were the independent prognostic factors for OS and CS of LACC patients after CCRT and constituted predictive models for OS and CS. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) of two models in predicting 1-year, 3-year, 5-year OS and CS was 0.906, 0.917, 0.916 and 0.911, 0.918, 0.920, with internally validated consistency indexes (C-indexes) of 0.897 and 0.900. Then, models were brought into the validation group for external validation with AUC of 0.986, 0.942, 0.932 and 0.986, 0.933, 0.926 in predicting 1-year, 3-year, 5-year OS and CS.Conclusion:The nomograms based on clinical parameters, ADC values and MRI-derived radiomics are of high clinical value in predicting OS and CS of patients with LACC after CCRT, which can be used as prognostic markers for patients with cervical cancer to certain extent.

14.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 246-251, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992955

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of thrombus enhancement (TE) and thrombus permeability in cardioembolic thrombus with acute middle cerebral artery occlusion based on CT.Methods:The clinical and image data of 93 patients with acute middle cerebral artery occlusion who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University within 12 hours after onset from January 2020 to July 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the TOAST criteria, the patients were divided into the cardioembolism (CE) group (43 cases) and the large artery atherosclerosis (LAA) group (50 cases). All patients received noncontrast CT and CT angiography, and then thrombus permeability [thrombus attenuation increase (TAI), void fraction (ε)] and TE were assessed. Independent sample t-test, Mann-Whitney U test and χ2 test were used in univariable analysis between two groups. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to explore the independent influencing factors for cardioembolic stroke and establish a logistic model. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and the area under the curve (AUC) were used to evaluate the predictive value of TAI, ε, TE and the logistic model in cardioembolic thrombus with acute middle cerebral artery occlusion. Results:There were statistically significant differences in sex, atrial fibrillation, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, smoking, baseline National Institutes of health stroke scale (NIHSS), TAI, ε and TE between the CE group and the LAA group ( P<0.05). Binary logistics regression analysis showed that TAI (OR=1.300, 95%CI 1.147-1.473, P<0.001), hypertension (OR=0.116, 95%CI 0.025-0.535, P=0.006) and baseline NIHSS (OR=1.165, 95%CI 1.040-1.304, P=0.008) were independent influencing factors for cardioembolic thrombus. The ROC curve indicated that the logistic model predicted cardioembolic thrombus with the highest AUC of 0.907 (95%CI 0.848-0.966). TE predicted cardioembolic thrombus with the highest sensitivity of 90.7%. Conclusion:TE and thrombus permeability have application value for predicting cardioembolic thrombus with acute middle cerebral artery occlusion based on CT.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992890

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the difference of urinary protein components in pregnant women with pre-eclampsia (PE) with different degrees of proteinuria and the correlation between 24-hour urinary protein quantification and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR).Methods:Clinical data of 101 PE pregnant women who were delivered in Renji Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from July 2018 to June 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. According to 24-hour urinary protein quantification, they were divided into 3 groups, including 40 cases of mild proteinuria group (24-hour urinary protein quantification ≤2.0 g), 21 cases of moderate proteinuria group (2.0 g<24-hour urinary protein quantification ≤5.0 g), 40 cases of severe proteinuria group (24-hour urinary protein quantification >5.0 g). The general clinical data, urinary protein index and renal function index of PE pregnant women in 3 groups were compared. The eGFR was calculated based on age, serum creatinine (sCr), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum albumin (sAlb). Correlation analysis was conducted between 24-hour urinary protein quantification and each index of eGFR.Results:(1) General clinical data: the median PE onset week (31 weeks) and delivery gestational week [(36.4±3.6) weeks] of PE pregnant women in the mild proteinuria group were later than those in the moderate proteinuria group [median PE onset: 22 weeks, delivery: (32.2±4.2) weeks] and severe proteinuria group [median PE onset: 25 weeks, delivery: (29.6±3.4) weeks]; systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase levels and the incidence of fetal growth restriction were lower than those in the moderate and severe proteinuria groups; median newborn birth weight (3 150 g) was higher than those in the moderate proteinuria group (1 305 g) and the severe proteinuria group (1 042 g), respectively. The differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). (2) Urinary protein index: the 24-hour urinary protein quantification, urinary microalbumin (mAlb) and urinary transferrin (TRF) levels of PE pregnant women in the mild proteinuria group, moderate proteinuria group and severe proteinuria group were increased successively, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The median urinary α1-microglobulin (α1-MG) level of PE pregnant women in the severe proteinuria group (50 mg/L) was significantly higher than those in the mild proteinuria group (17 mg/L) and moderate proteinuria group (22 mg/L; all P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between the mild proteinuria group and the moderate proteinuria group ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the median urinary β2-microglobulin (β2-MG) level among the 3 groups ( P=0.632). (3) Renal function index: sAlb and eGFR of PE pregnant women in the mild proteinuria group, moderate proteinuria group and severe proteinuria group were successively decreased, and BUN was successively increased, respectively, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The sCr level of PE pregnant women in the severe proteinuria group was significantly higher than those in the mild proteinuria group and the moderate proteinuria group (all P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between the mild proteinuria group and the moderate proteinuria group ( P>0.05). (4) Correlation analysis: the 24-hour urinary protein quantification of PE pregnant women was significantly negatively correlated with eGFR ( r=-0.645, P<0.001), and was correlated with the variables sAlb ( r=-0.549, P<0.001), sCr ( r=0.582, P<0.001) and BUN ( r=-0.657, P<0.001) in the eGFR calculation formula. The 24-hour urinary protein quantification were significantly negatively correlated with the gestational weeks of PE onset, gestational weeks of termination of pregnancy and newborn birth weight (all P<0.05). Conclusions:The protein composition in the urine of PE pregnant women with different degrees of proteinuria is not different, but the protein level is significantly different. There is a significant negative correlation between the increase of 24-hour urinary protein quantification and the decrease of eGFR.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992519

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the relevant factors of bacteriological diagnosis rate in pulmonary tuberculosis in Zhejiang Province, and to provide basis for the control of tuberculosis.Methods:The results of etiology detection of pulmonary tuberculosis in Zhejiang Province from 2015 to 2020 were collected from the China Tuberculosis Information Management System. Positive detection of etiology of pulmonary tuberculosis cases was analyzed. Joinpoint regression model was constructed to evaluate the annual trend of the positive rate of etiology, and linear regression model was used to analyze the influence of new diagnostic technology on the positive detection rate of etiology in smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis cases.Results:From 2015 to 2020, the positive rate of etiology of pulmonary tuberculosis in Zhejiang Province increased from 38.66%(10 588/27 385) to 64.12%(14 275/22 262), with an average annual growth rate of 8.80%. All of the 11 prefecture cities in Zhejiang Province showed an increasing trend of the positive rate of etiology. The average annual growth rates in Wenzhou City and Lishui City were 10.27% and 11.21%, respectively, and the positive rates of etiology in Jinhua City and Lishui City were 70.13%(2 007/2 862) and 73.34%(707/964) in 2020, respectively. From 2015 to 2020, smear-negative cases accounted for 61.66%(92 935/150 733) in Zhejiang Province, and the further detection rate by culture and molecular test increased from 0.13%(22/16 650) to 84.74%(11 384/13 434). The positive rate of bacteriological tests in smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis patients increased from 0.04%(6/16 650) to 41.28%(5 546/13 434). If the culture and molecular detection rate increased to 100.00%, the linear regression model predicted positive rate of etiology could increase to 44.20%. Thus, the positive rate of etiology of pulmonary tuberculosis in Zhejiang Province would reach 66.00%. Up to 2020, 95.56%(86/90) and 92.22%(83/90) of tuberculosis designated hospitals were equipped with molecular and liquid diagnostic equipments, respectively, and the detection positive rates of molecular and liquid diagnostics in the etiology positive pulmonary tuberculosis cases were 71.24%(10 169/14 275) and 53.44%(7 629/14 275), respectively.Conclusions:The implementation and promotion of the new diagnostic techniques for tuberculosis, especially the molecular diagnostic techniques, could significantly improve the positive rate of etiology of pulmonary tuberculosis etiology. Methods and strategies of etiological diagnosis of tuberculosis should be paid more attention in prevention and control of tuberculosis.

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Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 644-648, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992352

ABSTRACT

DNA methylation plays an important role in the occurrence and development of cervical cancer. DNA methylation detection can be combined or complemented with human papillomavirus (HPV), cytology, etc., which is helpful to improve the accuracy of cervical cancer screening or reduce the rate of colposcopy referral. In this review, we focus on the significance of DNA methylation markers in cervical cancer screening and overall management.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991911

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Objective:To establish the Chinese version of (strength, assistance with walking, rise from a chair, climb stairs and falls, SARC-F) scale using the standardized methods and to validate the reliability and validity for sarcopenia screening among elderly population.Methods:Following the recommended procedure by World Health Organization and European Union Geriatric Medicine Society Sarcopenia Special Interest Group, the translation process included forward translation, expert panel, back-translation, pre-testing and cognitive interviewing to generate the final version. In the pilot study, the test-retest reliability, inter-rater reliability, and internal consistency of the Chinese version of SARC-F scale were assessed. In the diagnostic test for clinical validation, the participants were consecutively recruited from communities and hospitals in Beijing and Tianjin between December 2021 and October 2022. The scale administration, anthropometry, and body composition measurement were conducted by trained investigators. Participants with the SARC-F score ≥ 4 were considered at risk of sarcopenia. Diagnostic tests and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis were performed against the definitions of sarcopenia according to European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP2) and Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia (AWGS2019), and the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and the area under curve were displayed.Results:The Chinese version of SARC-F scale was approved by the author that the translation has expressed the original meaning correctly. The Chinese version of SARC-F had good test-retest reliability (ICC = 0.914), inter-rater reliability ( r = 0.726), and internal consistency ( α = 0.729). There were altogether 1 882 participants included in the clinical validation. According to the diagnostic criteria of EWGSOP2 and AWGS2019, the Chinese version of SARC-F scale had low sensitivity (13.6% and 16.0%) and positive predictive value (44.6% and 35.4%), high specificity (95.1% and 94.7%) and negative predictive value (79.0% and 86.2%), and moderate AUC of 0.619 and 0.616 (all P < 0.001) for sarcopenia screening. Conclusions:The Chinese version of SARC-F scale was of good reliability and validity. The application of SARC-F in the primary healthcare settings would contribute to the early diagnosis of sarcopenia.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991806

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of probiotics, mesalazine and Kangfuxin liquid in combination on ulcerative colitis and its effects on inflammatory factors. Methods:A total of 106 patients with ulcerative colitis admitted to Zhejiang Sian International Hospital from November 2021 to May 2022 were included in this study. They were randomly assigned to receive treatment with either probiotics, mesalazine and Kangfuxin liquid in combination (combined therapy group, n = 53) or mesalazine alone (monotherapy group, n = 53) for 30 days. Clinical efficacy, inflammatory factor level and Rachmilewitz endoscopic score pre- and post-treatment as well as the incidence of adverse reactions were compared between the two groups. Results:Total response rate in the combined therapy group was significantly higher than that in the monotherapy group [98.1% (52/53) vs. 79.3% (42/53), χ2 = 9.40, P < 0.05]. After treatment, tumor necrosis factor-a, interleukin-8, and interleukin-17 levels were significantly decreased, and interleukin-10 level was significantly increased (all P < 0.05). Tumor necrosis factor-a, interleukin-8, and interleukin-17 levels as well as Rachmilewitz endoscopic score in the combined therapy group were significantly lower than those in the monotherapy group ( t = -2.22, -5.85, -14.08, -2.62, all P < 0.05). The interleukin-10 level in the combined therapy group was significantly higher than that in the monotherapy group ( t = 3.91, P < 0.05). The incidence of clinical symptoms in the combined therapy group was significantly lower than that in the monotherapy group [11.3% (6/53) vs. 54.7% (29/53), χ2 = 22.57, P < 0.001]. There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between the two groups ( P = 0.540). Conclusion:Probiotics, mesalazine and Kangfuxin liquid in combination for the treatment of ulcerative colitis can improve clinical efficacy, decrease inflammatory factor levels, reduce clinical symptoms, and have a few adverse reactions.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991296

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Objective:To analyze the effect of problem-based learning (PBL) combined with case-based learning (CBL) and clinical pathway (CP) teaching methods in standardized residency training in department of hepatobiliary surgery.Methods:A total of 64 residents who received the standardized residency training in the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery in Shaanxi Provincial People's Hospital from July 2018 to July 2019 were selected and divided into the observation group and the control group. The control group used PBL + CBL teaching methods, while the observation group adopted PBL + CBL + CP teaching methods. The after-department examination scores and the teaching cognition scores of the two groups were compared. SPSS 15.0 was used for t-test and Chi-square test. Results:The after-department examination scores of the two groups were compared. Compared with the control group, the examination scores of professional theories, case analysis and operation skills in the observation group were significantly higher, and the difference was statistically significant ( t = 6.98, 7.85, 7.01, P < 0.05). In terms of recognition of teaching, the observation group was significantly higher than the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( t = 9.14, P < 0.05). Conclusion:The PBL + CBL + CP teaching is conducive to the comprehensive and systematic mastery of knowledge and the rapid establishment of scientific clinical thinking. It has a strong scientific and systematic nature and is worthy of promotion.

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