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1.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 175-180, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827070

ABSTRACT

The present study was aimed to clarify the signaling molecular mechanism by which fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) regulates leptin gene expression in adipocytes. Differentiated 3T3-F442A adipocytes were used as study object. The mRNA expression level of leptin was detected by fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR. The phosphorylation levels of proteins of signal transduction pathways were detected by Western blot. The results showed that FGF21 significantly down-regulated the mRNA expression level of leptin in adipocytes, and FGF21 receptor inhibitor BGJ-398 could completely block this effect. FGF21 up-regulated the phosphorylation levels of ERK1/2 and AMPK in adipocytes. Either ERK1/2 inhibitor SCH772984 or AMPK inhibitor Compound C could partially block the inhibitory effect of FGF21, and the combined application of these two inhibitors completely blocked the effect of FGF21. Neither PI3K inhibitor LY294002 nor Akt inhibitor AZD5363 affected the inhibitory effect of FGF21 on leptin gene expression. These results suggest that FGF21 may inhibit leptin gene expression by activating ERK1/2 and AMPK signaling pathways in adipocytes.


Subject(s)
3T3 Cells , Adenylate Kinase , Adipocytes , Metabolism , Animals , Down-Regulation , Fibroblast Growth Factors , Metabolism , Leptin , Metabolism , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Mice , Phosphorylation , Signal Transduction
2.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 350-360, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777179

ABSTRACT

Facilitative glucose transporters (GLUT) are proteins that mediate glucose transmembrane transport in the form of facilitated diffusion, which play an important role in regulating cell energy metabolism. There are many breakthroughs in researches of facilitative GLUT in recent years. It has been known that there are 14 subtypes of facilitative GLUT with obvious tissue specificity in distribution and physiological function. In the present review, the tissue and cellular distribution, subcellular localization, expression regulation, physiological function and the relationship to diseases of facilitative GLUT subtypes were summarized, in order to further understand their physiological and pathophysiological significances.


Subject(s)
Biological Transport , Disease , Energy Metabolism , Glucose , Glucose Transport Proteins, Facilitative , Physiology , Humans
3.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 199-205, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235748

ABSTRACT

<p><b>PURPOSE</b>To enhance the awareness of rare complications of pelvic fracture and describe the correct diagnosis and effective treatment.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 188 cases of pelvic fractures were retrospectively reviewed, and four patients who suffered from four types of rare pelvic fracture complications were described, namely ureteral obstruction caused by retroperitoneal hematoma-induced abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS), bowel entrapment, external iliac artery injury, and open scrotal sac injury.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>We demonstrated that combined measures should be employed to prevent the occurrence of ACS following major pelvic fractures. Ureteral catheter support may be a good option at an early stage when ACS occurred. Contrasted computed tomography examination and sufficient awareness are keys to a correct diagnosis of bowel entrapment following pelvic fractures. Recognition of risk factors, early diagnosis, and prompt treatment of suspected injury of the external iliac artery are keys to patient survival and to avoid limb loss. Scrotal and/or testicular injury complicated by pelvic fractures should be carefully treated to maintain normal gonad function. Additionally, establishment of a sophisticated trauma care system and multi-disciplinary coordination are important for correct diagnosis and treat- ment of rare complications in pelvic fractures.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Rare complications of pelvic fractures are difficult to diagnose and negatively impact outcome. Recognition of risk factors and sufficient awareness are essential for correct diagnosis and prompt treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Fractures, Bone , Humans , Iliac Artery , Wounds and Injuries , Intra-Abdominal Hypertension , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Male , Middle Aged , Pelvic Bones , Wounds and Injuries , Scrotum , Wounds and Injuries , Testis , Wounds and Injuries , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267189

ABSTRACT

Treatment determination based on syndrome differentiation is the key of Chinese medicine. A feasible way of improving the clinical therapy effectiveness is needed to correctly differentiate the syndrome classifications based on the clinical manifestations. In this paper, a novel data mining method based on manifold ranking (MR) is proposed to explore the relation between syndromes and symptoms for viral hepatitis. Since MR could take the symptom data with expert differentiation and the symptom data without expert differentiation into the task of syndrome classification, the clinical information used for modeling the syndrome features is greatly enlarged so as to improve the precise of syndrome classification. In addition, the proposed method of syndrome classification could also avoid two disadvantages in previous methods: linear relation of the clinical data and mutually exclusive symptoms among different syndromes. And it could help exploit the latent relation between syndromes and symptoms more effectively. Better performance of syndrome classification is able to be achieved according to the experimental results and the clinical experts.


Subject(s)
Hepatitis, Viral, Human , Classification , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350619

ABSTRACT

The clinical application of Chinese patent medicines has suffered sever problems and required guidelines for clinical practices. Currently, the expert consensus method is more suitable for formulating clinical practice guidelines of Chinese patent medicines than the evidence-based method. However, there remain problems in the application of the expert consensus method. This study proposed a derivative expert consensus method--a method for formulating clinical practice guidelines of common Chinese patent medicines based on clinical practices, and introduced the method in terms of research thought, methodology and implementation procedure.


Subject(s)
Evidence-Based Medicine , Reference Standards , Humans , Nonprescription Drugs , Reference Standards
6.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 901-904, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266248

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the characteristics and distribution of GATA-4 in the testis of male mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Paraffin sections were obtained from the testes of 24 male B6SJLF1/J mice, aged 0 day (n = 6), 2 weeks (n = 6), 4 weeks (n = 6) and 6 weeks (n = 6), and the expressions of GATA-4 in the testis were observed by the immunohistochemical ABC method and DAB visualization at different times.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Positive expressions of GATA4 were found in the Sertoli cells and Leydig cells of all the mice, but significantly higher in the 4- and 6-week-old than in the 0-day and 2-week-old groups (P < 0.01). And they were also observed in the germ cells of the 4- and 6-week-old mice, significantly higher in the latter than in the former (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>GATA-4 exists in the testis of male mice, which has provided a morphological base for sex determination and differentiation and hormone regulation in the testis.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , GATA4 Transcription Factor , Metabolism , Germ Cells , Metabolism , Leydig Cells , Metabolism , Male , Mice , Sertoli Cells , Metabolism , Testis , Cell Biology , Metabolism
7.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 240-243, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272913

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the interface characteristics of the new-designed locking plate (LP) and limited contact-dynamic compression plate (LC-DCP) and compare the fracture healing between LP and LC-DCP in a goat tibia fracture model.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Eight-hole LP and LC-DCP were applied to fix fresh goat tibiae in a reproducible manner. The average pressure, force and interface contact area were calculated using Fuji prescale pressure sensitive film interposed among the plate and the bone and image analysis system. Eight-hole LP and LC-DCP were applied to each tibia in a goat tibia fracture model. The fracture healing was evaluated by X-ray photography at postoperative 8 weeks. The goats were sacrificed at postoperative 12 weeks. Three-point bending test was conducted in the tibiae.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The interface contact of LP system was smaller than that of LC-DCP (P < 0.05), while interface contact force of LP system was higher than that of LC-DCP (P < 0.05). Radiographs revealed that the fracture line disappeared in the LP group, while the fracture line was visible in DCP group at postoperative 8 weeks. At postoperative 12 weeks, the bending strength and bending load of fractured tibia were higher in LP group than in DCP group, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The new-designed locking plate can significantly decrease the contact area on the bone interface, which further provides better fracture healing than conventional plates.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fracture Healing , Goats , Internal Fixators , Tibia , Tibial Fractures , General Surgery
8.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 529-534, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337716

ABSTRACT

In this study, we investigated the mechanism of linoleic acid-stimulated increase in intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) in pancreatic islet β-cells. Pancreatic islet cells were primarily isolated from rats and cultured for the experiments. The cells were loaded with Fluo-3/AM, the indicator of [Ca(2+)](i), and the intensity of Fluo-3 was measured using confocal microscope. The islet β-cells were identified by immunocytochemical staining with insulin antibody after recording. The drugs were given by perfusion system. The results showed that linoleic acid (20 μmol/L) stimulated [Ca(2+)](i) increase with the first peak increase and the following plateau increase. Linoleic acid-stimulated [Ca(2+)](i) increase was partly inhibited by removal of extracellular calcium and by transient receptor potential (TRP) channel blocker, La(3+), and it was totally blocked by exhaustion of intracellular calcium stores and inhibition of phospholipase C. It is concluded that linoleic acid stimulates [Ca(2+)](i) increase in islet β-cells through both extracellular calcium influx via TRP channels and calcium release from intracellular calcium stores.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium , Metabolism , Insulin-Secreting Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Linoleic Acid , Pharmacology , Male , Primary Cell Culture , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Transient Receptor Potential Channels
9.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 932-936, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241227

ABSTRACT

The GATA family proteins are a group of zinc finger transcription factors that are expressed in human and mammalian animals and play an important role in mammalian organ morphogenesis, cell proliferation and sex differentiation. GATA-4 and GATA-6 have been identified in the ovaries and testes of humans, mice, pigs and chickens. GATA-4 contributes to fetal male gonadal development by regulating the genes that mediate Müllerian duct regression and the onset of testosterone production. GATA-4 and GATA-6 are localized in and regulate the function of the ovarian and testicular somatic cells of fetal mice, especially granulosa cells, thecal cells, Sertoli cells and Leydig cells. GATA-4 is also present in the germ cells of fetal and prepubertal mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Chickens , Female , GATA4 Transcription Factor , Metabolism , GATA6 Transcription Factor , Metabolism , Humans , Male , Mice , Ovary , Embryology , Reproduction , Swine , Testis , Embryology , Transcription Factors , Classification
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236735

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the strategy of damage control in clinical treatment of multiple injuries headed by cervical spinal cord injury.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A retrospective analysis was performed in 32 patients. Cervical fractures associated with tetraplegia occurred in 18 patients, traumatic intervertebral disk hernia associated with tetraplegia in 2 patients, and cervical fractures and dislocation associated with tetraplegia in 12 patients. Seventeen cases were combined with craniocerebral injury, 7 combined with pulmonary contusion, multi-fractures of rib or hemopneumothorax, 2 combined with pelvic fracture and other 8 combined with fracture of limbs. The neural function was assessed by the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) scale.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Thirty-one patients were followed up for an average of 14 months. Of them, 10 got complete recovery, 13 obtained improvement of more than one ASIA grade, 8 did not improve, and 1 died.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>For the emergency treatment of multiple injuries headed by cervical spinal cord injury, the damage control strategy is the principle to follow. The final operations are preferably performed within 5 to 10 days after injury so as to raise the successful rate of remedy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Cervical Vertebrae , Wounds and Injuries , Emergency Treatment , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Multiple Trauma , General Surgery , Quadriplegia , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Cord Injuries , General Surgery
11.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 449-452, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332207

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of lipid rafts on cell signal transmembrane transduction mediated by c-Met.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>After HepG2Cells were treated with MbCD to disrupt the lipid rafts and were treated with artificial recombination hepatocyte growth factor to activate c-Met, the activities of PLCr1/PKC, PI3K/Akt and MAPK signaling pathways in HepG2 cells were analyzed using Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) After disruption of lipid rafts with MbCD, phosphorylation of PLCr1 decreased by 35% (P = 0.022); the content of PLCr in the cytoplasm increased by 1.75 fold (P = 0.017); PLCr1 conjugated with membrane decreased by 30% (P = 0.037). (2) The content of PKB in the cytosol decreased by 38% (P = 0.028), and the phosphorylation level of PKB conjugated with membrane decreased by 14% (P = 0.041). At the same time, PDK translocation from cytosol to the plasma membrane and its activation were inhibited by treatment with MbCD. (3) Treatment with MbCD had no significant effect on ErK/MAPK, p38/MAPK and JNK/MAPK signaling pathways.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Disruption of lipid rafts with MbCD inhibits the activation of PLCr1/PKC and PI3K/PKB signaling pathways by HGF/cMet, but has no effect on MAPK signaling pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Membrane Microdomains , Metabolism , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Metabolism , Phospholipase C gamma , Metabolism , Phosphorylation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-met , Metabolism , Signal Transduction
12.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 247-252, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258661

ABSTRACT

Adipokines, the bioactive factors derived mainly from adipocytes, regulate pancreatic beta-cell function including insulin secretion, gene expression and apoptosis. In this review, we propose that adipokines influence beta-cell function through three interdependent pathways. The first is through regulating lipid and glucose metabolism in beta-cells. The second implicates the change of ion channel opening and closing in beta-cells. The third pathway is via the modification of insulin sensitivity of beta-cells. The endocrine function of adipocytes is dynamic, and the secretion of various adipokines changes under different metabolic conditions. During the progression from the normal state to obesity and to type 2 diabetes, adipokines contribute to the occurrence and development of beta-cell dysfunction in type 2 diabetes.


Subject(s)
Adipocytes , Physiology , Adiponectin , Physiology , Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Glucose , Metabolism , Humans , Insulin , Pharmacology , Insulin-Secreting Cells , Physiology , Leptin , Physiology , Lipid Metabolism
13.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 125-128, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236796

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the application of injury severity score ( ISS) to multiple injuries headed by spinal cord injury.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The data of 55 cases (40 males and 15 females, aged 17-69 years, mean equal to 41 years) of multiple injuries headed by spinal cord injury treated in our hospital from January 2000 to December 2004 were reviewed and analyzed with ISS (Version of AIS-2005) to explore their relationship.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The ISS values increased with the number of injured regions, so did the complications. The recovery rate was negatively related to ISS values. During the period of immunity observation, the patients with ISS larger than 25 could undergo planned operations safely.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Treatment for multiple injuries headed by spinal cord injury closely depends on the general and local conditions of the patients. ISS may provide useful data for the choice of treatment methods.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Injury Severity Score , Length of Stay , Male , Middle Aged , Multiple Trauma , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Cord Injuries , General Surgery
14.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 161-167, 2006.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280918

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the mechanical properties of point contact-dynamic compression plate (PC-DCP) and its effects on cortical bone perfusion with that of dynamic compression plates (DCP) in goat tibiae.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty pairs of matched fresh goat tibiae were used. A transverse fracture model was established. The fractures with a 3mm interspace between the fracture ends were subject to fixations with the DCPs and the PC-DCPs respectively, then the four-points bending tests and the torsion tests were conducted to compare the mechanical properties of the PC-DCP with that of DCP. Another 13 sexually mature goats underwent fixations with the DCPs and the PC-DCPs, respectively, at the mid-shafts of the intact bilateral tibiae. Ischemic zones were observed at four time points (1 day, 2, 6, and 12 weeks after operation) using disulphine blue staining technique.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no significant differences in mechanical properties, such as bend- and torsion-resistance, between the DCPs and the PC-DCPs. One day, 2, and 6 weeks after operation, on the side of DCP fixation, outer cortical bone ischemia under the plate persisted, and this condition did not reverse until 12 weeks after operation. However, on the side of PC-DCP fixation, cortical bone ischemia occurred only in the periphery of the screw holes and at the contact sites of the PC NUTs 1 day after operation, and it disappeared at 2 weeks after operation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The PC-DCP has similar biomechanical properties of the DCP, but is less detrimental to local bone blood circulation than the conventional plates.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Plates , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Goats , Staining and Labeling , Tibia , Tibial Fractures , General Surgery
15.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 341-344, 2006.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280884

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the operative indications and operative methods of primary total hip arthroplasty for acetabular fracture and to observe the clinical curative effect.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively summarized and analyzed the traumatic conditions, fracture types, complications, operative time, operative techniques, and short term curative effect of 11 patients (10 males and 1 female, with a mean age of 42.4 years) with acetabular fracture who underwent primary total hip arthroplasty.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The patients were followed up for 6-45 months (mean=28 months). Their average Harris score of postoperative hip joint was 78.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Under strict mastery of indications, patients with acetabular fracture may undergo primary total hip arthroplasty, but stable acetabular components should be made.</p>


Subject(s)
Acetabulum , Diagnostic Imaging , Wounds and Injuries , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Methods , Female , Fractures, Bone , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Radiography
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-287056

ABSTRACT

<p><b>AIM</b>To determine the effect of long-term inactivation of tyrosine kinases on voltage-gated calcium currents in pancreatic beta-cells and to evaluate the function of tyrosine kinases in pancreatic beta-cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Primarily cultured mouse pancreatic islets and beta-cells were pretreated by 0.1 mmol/L genistein for 12 hours. Voltage-gated calcium currents and action potentials were recorded with patch clamp techniques in the configuration of perforated whole-cell recording. RT-PCR method was used to evaluate the changes in expression of voltage-gated calcium channels alpha1 subunit.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After treatment by genistein for 12 hours, the whole-cell voltage-gated calcium currents were significantly diminished (-13.83 +/- 1.515 pA/pF vs. -7.012 +/- 1.502 pA/pF, P < 0.01, n=6). The amplitudes of action potentials in genistein-treated beta-cells were also significantly attenuated (38.50 +/- 7.46 mV vs. 15.95 +/- 4.39 mV, P < 0.01, n=6). The expression of voltage-gated calcium channels alpha1 subunit in mouse islets was significantly decreased to 0.792 +/- 0.078 of that in control conditions (P < 0.01, n=5).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Genistein treatment decreases expression and current of voltage-gated calcium currents in mouse pancreatic beta-cells, which suggests that inhibition of tyrosine kinases activity plays an important role in the dysfunction of pancreatic beta-cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Action Potentials , Animals , Cells, Cultured , Genistein , Pharmacology , Insulin-Secreting Cells , Metabolism , Physiology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Patch-Clamp Techniques , Potassium Channels, Calcium-Activated , Metabolism
17.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 253-257, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352784

ABSTRACT

Dysfunction of the pancreatic beta-cell is an important defect in the pathophysiological changes of type 2 diabetes, and type 2 diabetes is evidently associated with obesity. But the role of the adipocyte in the dysfunction of the pancreatic beta-cell remains unknown. In the present study, we examined the direct effects of 3T3-L1 adipocytes on the expression of ATP-sensitive potassium channels (K(ATP) channels) in MIN6 insulin-secreting cells. MIN6 cells were divided into two groups as control group, where MIN6 cells were cultured in normal culture medium, and coculture group, where MIN6 cells were cocultured with differentiated 3T3-L1 adipocytes for 1 week. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR was employed to measure the expression of K(ATP) channel subunit Kir6.2 in MIN6 cells. Fura-2 was used to reflect changes in intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) in MIN6 cells. The secretary function of MIN6 cells from both groups was estimated by radioimmunoassay method. The results showed that the Kir6.2 cDNA levels corrected by GAPDH cDNA levels after densitometric analysis were 0.989+/-0.035 in control group and 0.726+/-0.087 in coculture group. The expression of Kir6.2 was significantly decreased in MIN6 cells in the coculture group as compared with that in control. MIN6 cells cocultured with 3T3-L1 adipocytes lost the ability to increase [Ca(2+)](i) when stimulated by tolbutamide (0.1 mmol/L), a highly selective KATP channel closer. In contrast, MIN6 cells in control group had typical responses to tolbutamide with a significant increase in [Ca(2+)](i). The magnitudes to basal levels of [Ca(2+)](i) after tolbutamide stimulation were 1.520+/-0.203 in control and 1.114+/-0.097 in coculture group (P<0.05, n=6). MIN6 cells in control showed a significant increase in insulin secretion from 0.38+/-0.099 mU/min to 2.87+/-0.248 mU/min after being stimulated by tolbutamide, whereas MIN6 cells in coculture group did not increase insulin secretion when stimulated by tolbutamide (0.21+/-0.055 mU/min to 0.22+/-0.082 mU/min). It is demonstrated that 3T3-L1 adipocytes decrease the expression of K(ATP) channels in MIN6 cells through secreting certain factors, which impair the secretary function of MIN6 cells. The present results indicate that adipocytes are directly involved in pancreatic beta-cell dysfunction, which may facilitate the development of type 2 diabetes.


Subject(s)
3T3 Cells , Adipocytes , Cell Biology , Animals , Cell Differentiation , Physiology , Cells, Cultured , Coculture Techniques , Gene Expression , Hypoglycemic Agents , Pharmacology , Insulin , Insulin Resistance , Islets of Langerhans , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Mice , Potassium Channels, Inwardly Rectifying , Genetics , Physiology , Tolbutamide , Pharmacology , Transcription, Genetic
18.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 258-262, 2004.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-352783

ABSTRACT

The immunological parameters were analyzed during pregnancy of Lewis rats by the methods of flow cytometry, thymidine incorporation and enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT). MHC II of spleen mononuclear cells (MNCs) and CD11c of periphery blood MNCs was apparently downregulated in late pregnancy, while the costimulatory molecules B7-1 and B7-2 showed no difference. Increased expression of Th2 cytokines (IL-10, IL-4) and TGFbeta was detected in the spleen and peripheral blood MNCs in the third trimester by flow cytometry. No suppression of Th1 cytokine represented by IFNgamma was found. Furthermore, antigen specific proliferation of spleen and peripheral blood MNCs was unchanged, but higher proliferation of MNCs from mesenteric lymph nodes was shown in late pregnancy. There was an inhibition of antigen specific antibody production in pregnancy examined by ELISPOT. These data indicate the immunomodulatory effects of sex-hormones in pregnancy, which may be related to the remission of T cell-mediated autoimmune diseases during pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Animals , B7-1 Antigen , Allergy and Immunology , CD11c Antigen , Allergy and Immunology , Female , Interleukin-10 , Metabolism , Interleukin-4 , Metabolism , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Allergy and Immunology , Major Histocompatibility Complex , Allergy and Immunology , Pregnancy , Pregnancy, Animal , Allergy and Immunology , Rats , Rats, Inbred Lew , Spleen , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , Th2 Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Metabolism
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-676168

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively study revisions for infected total hip replacements in 30 cases and discuss the bacteriological characters of the infected total hip replacements,difficulties and strategies in the revision.Methods Thirty revisions of infected total hip replacements were reviewed retrospectively.There were 12 males and 18 females,with mean age of 62.5 years(31-86 years)at revi- sion surgery.Infection was presented one month to four years(mean seven months)after THA operation. The diseases for initial operation included femoral neck fractures in 12 cases,femoral head necrosis in 11,hip osteoarthritis in five and rheumatoid arthritis in two.Twelve eases were treated by one-stage revi- sion and 18 by two-stage revision.Results Before the revision operation,the hip infection were diag- nosed by bacterial culture in 18 cases including five with Staphylococcus epidermidis,four with Staphylo- coccus aureus and nine with other bacteria.Bacteria growth appeared on the specimens from 23 hip joints during the revision surgery but not on the specimens from seven hip joints.Of 12 one-stage revisions,10 cases were followed for mean 16 months,which showed infection recurrence in two eases.Of 18 two-stage revisions,13 cases were followed for mean 20 months,which showed one case with infection recurrence. The mean Harris hip score was improved from preoperative 44 to 84 at follow-up.Conclusions 1) The main bacteria in the infected hip are antibiotic resistant Staphylococcus.2)Because the revision op- eration is difficult,careful preparation before revision is important for success.The fresh surgeon should not attempt.3)The revision strategies should vary according to specific status of the cases.The infection recurrence rate is lower when using a two-stage revision strategy.4)Application of antibiotic bone cement can help improve treatment effect and facilitate functional recovery of the joints.5)The scientific rehabil- itation after operation is very important to functional recovery.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-676322

ABSTRACT

Objective To report the experience of the application of microsurgery in joint replace- ment.Methods There were 22 cases,10 cases with segmental acetabular defects treated with the pedicle sartorius muscle iliac bone grafting,5 cases with vascular repair following major vascular injury of extremity during operation,6 cases with neural repair following neural injury during operation,1 case with serious injury reconstruction by elbow joint replacement and free flap.Results The operations succeeded in 22 cases without any postoperative infection.The mean follow-up was 40.1 months (3-72 months) in 22 cases,in which the joint function improved and the operative result was satisfactory with no joint pain.Conclusion Microsurgical technique can reconstruct bone and tissue defect effectively in joint replacement.

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