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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879158

ABSTRACT

This research was used with high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC), combined with information entropy-response surface method(RSM) to investigate the ethanol concentration, extraction time, liquid-to-material ratio. Taking the content of four chromogens as evaluation indexes, the weight coefficients of each index were given, and the comprehensive score was calculated to optimize the extraction process. Then, prim-O-glucosylcimifugin was used as the reference, the relative calibration factors(RCFs) of cimifugin, 4'-O-β-D-glucosyl-5-O-methylvisamminol and sec-O-glucosylhamaudo to prim-O-glucosylcimifugin were calculated respectively. The contents of four components in Saposhnikoviae Radix were determined by both external standard method(ESM)and quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker(QAMS) method, and the results were compared. At last, combined with principal component analysis(PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) to evaluate the quality of the Saposhnikoviae Radix in different production areas. The optimal extraction process parameter of the Saposhnikoviae Radix was as follows: liquid-to-material ratio is 60∶1(mL·g~(-1)), extraction time is 35 min, and ethanol concentration is 70%. The repeatability of the RCFs was perfect, and the results calculated by the QAMS were consistent with the results from the ESM. The stoichiometric results indicate that there are obvious differences in the distribution of Saposhnikoviae Radix in different production areas, and cimifugin and prim-O-glucosylcimifugin are the characteristic compounds that cause this difference. In this study, the optimal extraction process is stable and feasible, and the method of QAMS is accurate and reliable. From the perspective of four chromogens, there are differences in the quality of the Saposhnikoviae Radix in different production areas. Therefore, the established extraction process combined with the method of QAMS can be used to evaluate the quality of Saposhnikoviae Radix and provide a scientific basis for the quality control of Saposhnikoviae Radix.


Subject(s)
Apiaceae , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Entropy , Plant Roots
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827932

ABSTRACT

Artemisiae Argyi Folium, the dried leaves of Artemisia argyi, has been widely used in traditional Chinese and folk medicines for a long time. Qiai is one of the top-geoherb of Artemisiae Argyi Folium. Qiai contains various bioactive constituents, such as volatile oils, phenolic acids, flavonoids and terpenoids. Phytochemical studies demonstrated that volatile compounds are the main bioactive constituents in Qiai. Try to investigate dynamic changes of volatile components of Qiai from different harvest time and explore the optimum harvest time of Qiai, in this study, the contents of total volatile oils in Qiai collected from five different harvest time were analyzed by steam distillation method. The results showed that the contents of volatile oils of Qiai were higher in the third harvest time(around the Dragon Boat Festival), which is basically consistent with the traditional harvest time. Furthermore, a sensitive method based on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry(GC-MS) was established for qualitative analysis of volatile compounds in Qiai, and a total of thirty volatile compounds were identified. Chemometrics methods including principal component analysis(PCA) and orthogonal partial least-squares discriminate analysis(OPLS-DA) were applied to explore chemical markers and dynamic changes of volatile components in Qiai from different harvest time, and the results indicated that there were obvious differences in the relative contents of volatile compounds of Qiai samples from different harvest time. Eight volatile compounds, including α-terpinene, γ-terpinene, D-camphor, trans-carveol, α-copaene, isobornylisobutyrate, humulene, and caryophyllene oxide were selected as potential chemical markers. Among the eight chemical markers, the relative contents of α-terpinene, γ-terpinene, α-copaene and caryophyllene oxide were higher in the third harvest period(around the Dragon Boat Festival), which is consistent with the contents of total volatile oils. The present study could provide the basis for investigating the optimum harvest time of Qiai, and might be useful for the quality control of this herbal medicine.


Subject(s)
Artemisia , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Flavonoids , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Oils, Volatile
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776414

ABSTRACT

In order to explore the anti-inflammatory activity and active ingredient basis from the leaves of the Belamcanda chinensis and Iris tectorum, we established an HPLC method for simultaneous determination of six anti-inflammatory active ingredient contents in the root of the B. chinensis and I. tectorum as well as their leaves with different dry methods, and the anti-inflammatory effects of the extract were studied by the mouse ear swelling experiment. The HPLC analysis was performed on an Agilent WondaSil© C₁₈-WR(4.6 mm×250 mm,5 μm),with isocratic elution of acetonitrile-0.1% ortho-phosphoric acid solution at a flow rate of 1. 0 mL·min⁻¹ and the detection was carried out at 265 nm. The chemical compositions of the B. chinensis and I. tectorum are similar but the contents of them are obviously different. Both rhizome and leaf extract of B. chinensis and I. tectorum had inhibitory effects on inflamed mice induced by dimethylbenzene and had anti-inflammatory effects by animal experiment, which could lay the material and active foundation for the development of the non-medicinal parts of the B. chinensis and I. tectorum.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Pharmacology , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Iris Plant , Chemistry , Mice , Phytochemicals , Pharmacology , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Rhizome , Chemistry
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689855

ABSTRACT

Taraxaci Herba was derived from the dried Herba of Taraxacum mongolicum, T. borealisinense and several species from the Taraxacum genus. Taraxaci Herba has been widely used in traditional Chinese and folk medicines. According to the different growth and cultivation pattern, Taraxaci Herba could be divided into two species, wild Taraxaci Herba and cultivated Taraxaci Herba. In the present study, an accurate and reliable fingerprint approach was developed using high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) for quality control of Taraxaci Herba. A total of 9 common peaks were marked, and the similarity of all the Taraxaci Herba samples was above 0.960. The established fingerprint method could be used for quality control of Taraxaci Herba. Furthermore, an HPLC method was established for simultaneous determination of six bioactive compounds, including monocaffeoyl tartaric acid, chlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, cichoric acid, 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid and luteolin in wild Taraxaci Herba and cultivated Taraxaci Herba. Moreover,chemometrics analysis such as principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis were performed to compare and discriminate the wild samples and cultivated samples based on the quantitative data. The chemometrics results indicated that 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid and luteolin were significant to effectively discriminate the wild Taraxaci Herba and cultivated Taraxaci Herba samples, and these two compounds could be recognized as chemical markers for quality evaluation of wild Taraxaci Herba and cultivated Taraxaci Herba. The fingerprint analysis and quantitative analysis of multi-components could be a well-acceptable strategy for evaluation the quality of Taraxaci Herba.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690530

ABSTRACT

Artemisiae Argyi Folium, the dried leaves of Artemisia argyi, has been widely used in traditional Chinese and folk medicines for treatment of hemorrhage, pain, and skin itch. Phytochemical studies indicated that volatile oil, organic acid and flavonoids were the main bioactive components in Artemisiae Argyi Folium. Compared to the volatile compounds, the research of nonvolatile compounds in Artemisiae Argyi Folium are limited. In the present study, an accurate and reliable fingerprint approach was developed using HPLC for quality control of Artemisiae Argyi Folium. A total of 10 common peaks were marked,and the similarity of all the Artemisiae Argyi Folium samples was above 0.940. The established fingerprint method could be used for quality control of Artemisiae Argyi Folium. Furthermore, an HPLC method was applied for simultaneous determination of seven bioactive compounds including five organic acids and two flavonoids in Artemisiae Argyi Folium and Artemisiae Lavandulaefoliae Folium samples. Moreover, chemometrics methods such as hierarchical clustering analysis and principal component analysis were performed to compare and discriminate the Artemisiae Argyi Folium and Artemisiae Lavandulaefoliae Folium based on the quantitative data of analytes. The results indicated that simultaneous quantification of multicomponents coupled with chemometrics analysis could be a well-acceptable strategy to identify and evaluate the quality of Artemisiae Argyi Folium.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338262

ABSTRACT

To study the correlation between the content of saikosaponins ingredient of Bupleuri Radix and topographic factors, we researched the ecology suitability regionalization of topographic of Bupleuri Radix from Hebei province to provide a scientific basis for selecting artificial planting. Based on 43 samples of Bupleuri Radix from Hebei province, the variation of the content of saikosaponins in different conditions of topographic factors and the influence of slope, altitude and aspect were comprehensively analyzed by SPSS 21.0. Then we studied topographic factors of ecology suitability regionalization of Bupleuri Radix on the basis of the relationship between the saikosaponins and topographic factors by ArcGIS. The most suitable conditions of topographic for cultivation of saikosaponins are as follows:altitude 600 m above, slope 4.00-5.50 degrees, aspect to the sun. In Hebei province, it is suitable for growth of Bupleuri Radix in the Taihang Mountains and the Yanshan Mountains where the content of saikosaponins is higher.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230076

ABSTRACT

This research adopts "Delphi method" to evaluate atractylodes traditional traits and rank correlation. By using methods of mathematical statistics the relationship of the traditional identification indicators and atractylodes goods rank correlation was analyzed, It is found that the main characteristics affectingatractylodes commodity specifications and grades of main characters wereoil points of transaction,color of transaction,color of surface,grain of transaction,texture of transaction andspoilage. The study points out that the original "seventy-six kinds of medicinal materials commodity specification standards of atractylodes differentiate commodity specification" is not in conformity with the actual market situation, we need to formulate corresponding atractylodes medicinal products specifications and grades.This study combined with experimental results "Delphi method" and the market actual situation, proposed the new draft atractylodes commodity specifications and grades, as the new atractylodes commodity specifications and grades standards. It provides a reference and theoretical basis.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258402

ABSTRACT

According to the meteorological index of the growth of Blumea balsamifera, and by using the climate and geographic date recorded in the main meteorological stations for 54 years(1960-2014) in Guizhou province, the authors established a regression model between climate division factors and geographic information for the possible planting area. Considering integrated various factors including climate factor, gradient and elevation, based on GIS technology, ascertain the planting area of B. balsamifera. Combined with the land use condition of Guizhou province based on RS, analyzed the distribution rule of the synthesis index, climatic divisions of B. balsamifera in Guizhou were divided into 3 areas (the most suitable, suitable, sub-suitable) objectively. There are 3 areas can plant B. balsamifera (the southwest, the south and the north). The most suitable climate area has 76.98 km², the suitable climate area has 156.04 km², and the sub-suitable climate area has 235.43 km².

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307156

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to analyze the correlation between commercial specifications of Panacis Quinquefolii Radix and quantitative indexes of sevent kinds of ginsenosides (ginsenosides Rg¹, Re, Rb¹, Rc, Rb₂, Rb₃, Rd) contained in Panacis Quinquefolii Radix by using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), explore the correlation between the characteristics of the traditional Panacis Quinquefolii Radix specifications and modern chemical quantitative indicators, and provide a theoretical basis for the quality grade evaluation of Panacis Quinquefolii Radix. The HPLC fingerprint method was used to analyze 40 batches of Panacis Quinquefolii Radix. A total of 19 peaks were marked, and the similarity was above 0.900 for all samples. On this basis, processing methods, product specifications, contents of 7 components, and the total contents of ginsenoside Rg¹, Re and Rb¹ were used as the original variables for cluster analysis and principal component analysis. The results showed great correlation between the quality of Panacis Quinquefolii Radix and the information on their origins, but the difference was less with the characteristics of traditional commercial specifications, indicating some limitations in the division of commercial specifications of Panacis Quinquefolii Radix. The results revealed the intrinsic relationship between the product specifications, traditional qualitative indexes, and quantitative indexes of chemical components of Panacis Quinquefolii Radix, providing a new idea for the objective comprehensive evaluation of the quality of Panacis Quinquefolii Radix.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279267

ABSTRACT

Through study on the correlation between atractylodis lactones ingredient content and climatic factors, we research regionalization from climatic of five main producing provinces of the country, in order to provide a scientific basis for atractylodis' conscious cultivation. By sampling from 40 origins which from five main producing provinces of the country, we use SPSS to analysis variation of atractylodis lactones ingredient content in different conditions of climatic factors and the effect of each factors. Then according to the relationship between atractylodis lactones ingredient content and climatic factors, we use ArcGIS to conduct ecological suitability regionalization based on climatic factors. The most suitable climatic condition for cultivation of atractylodis: the wettest month precipitation 220-230 mm, the warmest average temperature 25 degrees C, the average temperature of driest season 10 degrees C.


Subject(s)
Atractylodes , Chemistry , China , Climate , Ecology , Ecosystem , Seasons , Temperature
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300196

ABSTRACT

Standards of commodity classes of Chinese materia medica is an important way to solve the "Lemons Problem" of traditional Chinese medicine market. Standards of commodity classes are also helpful to rebuild market mechanisms for "high price for good quality". The previous edition of commodity classes standards of Chinese materia medica was made 30 years ago. It is no longer adapted to the market demand. This article researched progress on standards of commodity classes of Chinese materia medica. It considered that biological activity is a better choice than chemical constituents for standards of commodity classes of Chinese materia medica. It is also considered that the key point to set standards of commodity classes is finding the influencing factors between "good quality" and "bad quality". The article also discussed the range of commodity classes of Chinese materia medica, and how to coordinate standards of pharmacopoeia and commodity classes. According to different demands, diversiform standards can be used in commodity classes of Chinese materia medica, but efficacy is considered the most important index of commodity standard. Decoction pieces can be included in standards of commodity classes of Chinese materia medica. The authors also formulated the standards of commodity classes of Notoginseng Radix as an example, and hope this study can make a positive and promotion effect on traditional Chinese medicine market related research.


Subject(s)
China , Drug Industry , Economics , Reference Standards , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Economics , Reference Standards , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Economics , Methods , Reference Standards , Panax notoginseng , Chemistry , Phytotherapy , Economics , Methods , Reference Standards , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Quality Control , Reference Standards , Research
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305382

ABSTRACT

Through study on the correlation between Atractylodis macrocephala lactones ingredient content and topographic factors, we researched regionalization from topography of five main producing provinces of the country, in order to provide a scientific basis for A. macrocephala reasonable cultivation. By sampling from 40 origins of five main producing provinces of the country, the variation of A. macrocephala lactones ingredient content in different conditions of topographic factors and the effect of altitude, slope and aspect was analyzed by SPSS. Then according to the relationship between A. macrocephala lactones ingredient content and topographic factors, the ecological suitability regionalization was conducted by using ArcGIS based on topographic factors. It is suitable for growth of A. macrocephala in the hilly and mountainous areas of southern whose A. macrocephala lactones ingredient content is in high levels. It is unsuitable for growth of A. macrocephala in Northern plain areas, but we can cultivate A. macrocephala in the hilly and mountainous areas of Northern. The most suitable topographic condition for cultivation of A. macrocephala : altitude 200 meters above, slope 3.00-4.99 degrees.


Subject(s)
Altitude , Atractylodes , Chemistry , China , Conservation of Natural Resources , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Ecosystem
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308650

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the genetic diversity of Atractylodes macrocephala in 12 cultivated populations and 3 wild populations.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The molecular marker technique ISSR was used to investigate the genetic diversity of 365 samples from 15 populations in Zhejiang, Anhui and Hebei Provinces. Data was analyzed by POPGEN 32, and a cluster diagram was presented by UPGMA.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>One hundred and two amplified fragments were obtained using 13 ISSR primers. 94 polymorphic loci were identified as 92.16%. Nei's genetic diversity index (He) was 0.406 5, Shannon diversity index (I) was 0.590 3, and the coefficient of gene differentiation (Gst) was 0.202 5. The genetic similarity coefficient among the populations ranged from 0.690 7 to 0.960 5 in an average of 0. 825 6. No significant difference was found among the populations based on the clustering analysis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There is a low level of genetic differentiation in higher genetic diversity of the A. macrocephala populations. No obvious regional or species diversities were identified. This is consistent with current status of cultivation and gerplasm circulation in A. macrocephala.</p>


Subject(s)
Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism Analysis , Atractylodes , Classification , Genetics , China , Genetic Variation , Microsatellite Repeats , Phylogeny
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295431

ABSTRACT

We reviewed the modern development of clinical application and experimental reseach on the prescription Biejiajian Wan (BJ), which are the basement that we will study its anti-renal fibrosis. At present, the prescription BJ is mainly applied to the treatment of chronic heptic desease. Its experimental reseach is mainly confined to the studing of anti-heptic fibrosi. Refering the scientific and technological result of anti-heptic fibrosis, we think the prescription BJ would have the effection of anti-renal fibrosis on the basis of theory of planning treatment according to diagnosis. But it has not been reported to the prescription BJ on the clinical and experimental reseach on anti-renal fibrosis. Therefore, it is very important to take on clinical reseach of the prescription BJ and discuss the effecting mechanism of anti-renal fibrosis from the level of integration, cell and molecule, which will help to enlarge the clinical application of the prescription Biejiajianwan and explained the essence of "persistent diseases injuring collateral branch of large channel" in traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Clinical Medicine , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Fibrosis , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Humans , Kidney , Pathology , Laboratories , Prescription Drugs , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses
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