Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 4 de 4
Add filters

Year range
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 29-35, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970232


Objective: To analyze the prevalence and the risk factors of fungal sepsis in 25 neonatal intensive care units (NICU) among preterm infants in China, and to provide a basis for preventive strategies of fungal sepsis. Methods: This was a second-analysis of the data from the "reduction of infection in neonatal intensive care units using the evidence-based practice for improving quality" study. The current status of fungal sepsis of the 24 731 preterm infants with the gestational age of <34+0 weeks, who were admitted to 25 participating NICU within 7 days of birth between May 2015 and April 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. These preterm infants were divided into the fungal sepsis group and the without fungal sepsis group according to whether they developed fungal sepsis to analyze the incidences and the microbiology of fungal sepsis. Chi-square test was used to compare the incidences of fungal sepsis in preterm infants with different gestational ages and birth weights and in different NICU. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to study the outcomes of preterm infants with fungal sepsis, which were further compared with those of preterm infants without fungal sepsis. The 144 preterm infants in the fungal sepsis group were matched with 288 preterm infants in the non-fungal sepsis group by propensity score-matched method. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the risk factors of fungal sepsis. Results: In all, 166 (0.7%) of the 24 731 preterm infants developed fungal sepsis, with the gestational age of (29.7±2.0) weeks and the birth weight of (1 300±293) g. The incidence of fungal sepsis increased with decreasing gestational age and birth weight (both P<0.001). The preterm infants with gestational age of <32 weeks accounted for 87.3% (145/166). The incidence of fungal sepsis was 1.0% (117/11 438) in very preterm infants and 2.0% (28/1 401) in extremely preterm infants, and was 1.3% (103/8 060) in very low birth weight infants and 1.7% (21/1 211) in extremely low birth weight infants, respectively. There was no fungal sepsis in 3 NICU, and the incidences in the other 22 NICU ranged from 0.7% (10/1 397) to 2.9% (21/724), with significant statistical difference (P<0.001). The pathogens were mainly Candida (150/166, 90.4%), including 59 cases of Candida albicans and 91 cases of non-Candida albicans, of which Candida parapsilosis was the most common (41 cases). Fungal sepsis was independently associated with increased risk of moderate to severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) (adjusted OR 1.52, 95%CI 1.04-2.22, P=0.030) and severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) (adjusted OR 2.55, 95%CI 1.12-5.80, P=0.025). Previous broad spectrum antibiotics exposure (adjusted OR=2.50, 95%CI 1.50-4.17, P<0.001), prolonged use of central line (adjusted OR=1.05, 95%CI 1.03-1.08, P<0.001) and previous total parenteral nutrition (TPN) duration (adjusted OR=1.04, 95%CI 1.02-1.06, P<0.001) were all independently associated with increasing risk of fungal sepsis. Conclusions: Candida albicans and Candida parapsilosis are the main pathogens of fungal sepsis among preterm infants in Chinese NICU. Preterm infants with fungal sepsis are at increased risk of moderate to severe BPD and severe ROP. Previous broad spectrum antibiotics exposure, prolonged use of central line and prolonged duration of TPN will increase the risk of fungal sepsis. Ongoing initiatives are needed to reduce fungal sepsis based on these risk factors.

Infant , Infant, Newborn , Humans , Birth Weight , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers , Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight , Gestational Age , Infant, Extremely Premature , Sepsis/epidemiology , Retinopathy of Prematurity/epidemiology , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/epidemiology
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1245-1250, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879784


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the incidence rate of infectious diseases during hospitalization in late preterm infants in Beijing, China, as well as the risk factors for infectious diseases and the effect of breastfeeding on the development of infectious diseases.@*METHODS@#Related data were collected from the late preterm infants who were hospitalized in the neonatal wards of 25 hospitals in Beijing, China, from October 23, 2015 to October 30, 2017. According to the feeding pattern, they were divided into a breastfeeding group and a formula feeding group. The two groups were compared in terms of general status and incidence rate of infectious diseases. A multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the risk factors for infectious diseases.@*RESULTS@#A total of 1 576 late preterm infants were enrolled, with 153 infants in the breastfeeding group and 1 423 in the formula feeding group. Of all infants, 484 (30.71%) experienced infectious diseases. The breastfeeding group had a significantly lower incidence rate of infectious diseases than the formula feeding group (22.88% vs 31.55%, @*CONCLUSIONS@#Breastfeeding can significantly reduce the incidence of infectious diseases and is a protective factor against infectious diseases in late preterm infants. Breastfeeding should therefore be actively promoted for late preterm infants during hospitalization.

Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pregnancy , Beijing/epidemiology , Breast Feeding , China/epidemiology , Communicable Diseases/epidemiology , Hospitalization , Hospitals , Incidence , Infant, Premature
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 131-135, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-355458


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Severe sepsis and septic shock remain the most common cause of death in intensive care units. The main causes of death in sepsis are the cardiac dysfunction and hypotension resistant to cateolamines. The prevalence of relative adrenal insufficiency in severe sepsis and septic shock was estimated at about 32%-51%. Several meta-analysis demonstrated that high-dose glucocorticoids decreased survival during sepsis, while stress doses of corticosteroids may benefit these patients. The exact reason for such widely divergent outcome produced by different doses of corticosteroid is still not understood. Therefore, the study was undertaken to observe the effects of different doses of hydrocortisone (HC) on circulating and intramyocardial inflammatory mediators in severe septic rats with myocardial injury induced by Escherichia coli (E. coli).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The model was established by two injections of inactivated E. coli Forty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups: high-dose of HC group (150 mg/kg), medium-dose group (20 mg/kg), low-dose group (6 mg/kg), model group (NS substituted for HC), and control group (NS for E. coli and HC). Each group had eight rats. After 2 hours of treatment, specimens were collected to measure serum cardiac troponin I (cTnI), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), nitric oxide (NO) and total NO synthase (NOS). NO and total NOS in myocardial homogenate were also detected. The expression of inducible NOS (iNOS) of myocytes was investigated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the above-mentioned markers in model group significantly higher than those in control group. After HC injection, serum cTnI concentrations in low-dose group decreased to normal values compared to that of model group, while in another two HC groups, the concentrations were higher than those in model group. TNF-alpha level was not significantly influenced. But IL-1beta level declined to normal values, being prominent in low-dose HC group. Neither high-dose nor middle-dose HC could lower serum NO or total NOS, but low-dose HC could greatly inhibit both NO and NOS levels (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the level of NO and total NOS of myocardial homogenate between left and right ventricles. There was no iNOS expression by normal myocardium, while the expression in model group was significantly increased. After HC injection, the iNOS expressions by myocardium in three HC groups were weaker than those in model group. The intensity of iNOS signals became weak with the decrease in HC dose.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Different doses of HC might exert different effects on circulating and intramyocardial inflammatory mediators in severely septic rats with myocardial injury induced by E. coli. Low-dose HC could significantly inhibit such mediators as well as iNOS expression by cardiomyocytes. The results suggest that low dose HC exert protective effect on myocardial injury of severely septic rats.</p>

Animals , Male , Rats , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Pharmacology , Cardiomyopathies , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Escherichia coli , Virulence , Hydrocortisone , Pharmacology , Interleukin-1beta , Blood , Muscle Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Nitric Oxide , Blood , Metabolism , Nitric Oxide Synthase , Metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Sepsis , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Microbiology , Treatment Outcome , Troponin I , Blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Blood
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 644-648, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-340236


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effects of different doses of hydrocortisone (HC) on acute lung injury (ALI) and inflammatory response in rats at early stage of septic shock induced by Escherichia coli and to investigate the possible mechanisms for such differences.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>ALI model of early septic shock was induced in rats by two injections of Escherichia coli at 5 hours interval, with the first intraperitoneal injection of 6.50 x 10(10) cfu/kg and followed by an external jugular vein injection of 2.00 x 10(11) cfu/kg. Forty Wistar rats were randomly divided into the following five groups: normal control, ALI without HC treatment, high-dose HC (150 mg/kg), medium-dose HC (20 mg/kg) and low-dose HC (6 mg/kg). Two hours after the treatment, the specimens were collected for histopathological examination and the biological indexes of lung injury were measured. The expressions of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and glucocorticoid receptor (GR) in lung tissues were also investigated by immunohistochemical assays.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The biological indexes of lung injury [wet/dry weight ratio (g/g), total protein concentration in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (mg/L) and lung permeability index (10(-3))] in ALI group (4.76 +/- 0.10, 278.96 +/- 60.45, 4.73 +/- 0.60) were significantly increased as compared to those in normal control group (4.10 +/- 0.07, 67.46 +/- 13.27, 1.12 +/- 0.15) (P < 0.05). The grades of ALI pathologic changes in ALI group (11.13 +/- 1.13) was significantly higher than that in the normal control group (0.50 +/- 0.53, P < 0.05). The ratio of expression area of ICAM-1 in ALI group (0.149 +/- 0.037) was significantly increased as compared to that in the normal control group (0.051 +/- 0.018) (P < 0.05). The ratio of expression area of GR all group (0.043 +/- 0.037) was significantly decreased as compared to that in the normal Control group (0.124 +/- 9.040) (P < 0.05) After administration of HC, all the lung injury indexes, pathological grades and the ratios of expression area of ICAM-1 and GR were significantly improved, with the most remarkable effects observed in the low-dose HC group. The expressions of ICAM-1 and GR showed a significantly negative linear correlation (r = 0.55, P < 0.0001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These results indicated that the low-dose HC treatment had the most remarkable effects of improving the biological indexes of lung injury, inflammatory mediators and pathological changes. These HC dose dependent therapeutic effects might be associated with the level of GR expression.</p>

Animals , Rats , Acute Lung Injury , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Microbiology , Disease Models, Animal , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Escherichia coli , Escherichia coli Infections , Glucocorticoids , Therapeutic Uses , Hydrocortisone , Therapeutic Uses , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Lung , Metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Receptors, Glucocorticoid , Shock, Septic , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Microbiology