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1.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 268-275, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982191

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To access the efficacy and safety of the double-ProGlide technique for the femoral vein access-site closure in cryoballoon ablation with uninterrupted oral anticoagulants (OAC), and its impact on the electrophysiology laboratory time as well as hospital stay after the procedure in this observational study.@*METHODS@#Patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing cryoballoon ablation with uninterrupted OAC at Department of Cardiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China from May 2019 to May 2021 were enrolled in this study. From October 2020, double-ProGlide technique was consistently used for hemostasis (ProGlide group), and before that conventional manual compression was utilized (manual compression group). The occurrence of vascular and groin complications was accessed during the hospital stay and until the three-month follow-up.@*RESULTS@#A total of 140 participants (69.30% of male, mean age: 59.21 ± 10.29 years) were evaluated, 70 participants being in each group. Immediate hemostasis was achieved in all the patients with ProGlide closure. No major vascular complications were found in the ProGlide group while two major vascular complications were occurred in the manual compression group. The incidence of any groin complication was obviously higher in subjects with manual compression than patients with ProGlide devices (15.71% vs. 2.86%, P = 0.009). In addition, compared with the manual compression group, the ProGlide group was associated with significantly shorter total time in the electrophysiology laboratory [112.0 (93.3-128.8) min vs. 123.5 (107.3-158.3) min, P = 0.006], time from sheath removal until venous site hemostasis [3.8 (3.4-4.2) min vs. 8.0 (7.6-8.5) min, P < 0.001], bed rest time [8.0 (7.6-8.0) h vs. 14.1 (12.0-17.6) h, P < 0.001] and hospital stay after the procedure [13.8 (12.5-17.8) h vs. 38.0 (21.5-41.0) h, P < 0.001].@*CONCLUSIONS@#Utilization of the double-ProGlide technique for hemostasis after cryoballoon ablation with uninterrupted OAC is feasible and safe, which has the clinical benefit in reducing the total electrophysiology laboratory time and the hospital stay length after the procedure.

2.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 490-496, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984680

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the safety and efficacy of excimer laser coronary angioplasty (ELCA) for the treatment of degenerated great saphenous vein graft (SVG). Methods: This is a single-center, prospective, single-arm study. Patients, who were admitted to the Geriatric Cardiovascular Center of Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 2022 to June 2022, were consecutively enrolled. Inclusion criteria were recurrent chest pain after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG), and coronary angiography confirmed that the SVG stenosis was more than 70% but not completely occluded, and interventional treatment for SVG lesions was planned. Before balloon dilation and stent placement, ELCA was used to pretreat the lesions. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) examination was performed and postoperative index of microcirculation resistance (IMR) were assessed after stent implantation. The technique success rate and operation success rate were calculated. The technique success was defined as the successful passage of the ELCA system through the lesion. Operation success was defined as the successful placement of a stent at the lesion. The primary evaluation index of the study was IMR immediately after PCI. Secondary evaluation indexes included thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow grade, corrected TIMI frame count (cTFC), minimal stent area and stent expansion measured by OCT after PCI, and procedural complications (Ⅳa myocardial infarction, no reflow, perforation). Results: A total of 19 patients aged (66.0±5.6) years were enrolled, including 18 males (94.7%). The age of SVG was 8 (6, 11) years. The length of the lesions was greater than 20 mm, and they were all SVG body lesions. The median stenosis degree was 95% (80%, 99%), and the length of the implanted stent was (41.7±16.3)mm. The operation time was 119 (101, 166) minutes, and the cumulative dose was 2 089 (1 378, 3 011)mGy. The diameter of the laser catheter was 1.4 mm, the maximum energy was 60 mJ, and the maximum frequency was 40 Hz. The technique success and the operation success rate were both 100% (19/19). The IMR after stent implantation was 29.22±5.95. The TIMI flow grade of patients after ELCA and stent implantation was significantly improved (all P>0.05), and the TIMI flow grade of all patients after stent implantation was Grade Ⅲ. The cTFC decreased significantly after ELCA (33.2±7.8) and after stent placement (22.8±7.1) than preoperative level (49.7±13.0) (both P<0.001). The minimum stent area was (5.53±1.36)mm2, and the stent expansion rate was (90.0±4.3)%. Perforation, no reflow, type Ⅳa myocardial infarction and other complications were not observed. However, postoperative high-sensitivity troponin level was significantly increased ((67.937±33.839)ng/L vs. (5.316±3.105)ng/L, P<0.001). Conclusion: ELCA is safe and effective in the treatment of SVG lesions and could improve microcirculation and ensure full expansion of stent.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Aged , Prospective Studies , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Lasers, Excimer/therapeutic use , Saphenous Vein/transplantation , Constriction, Pathologic , Atherectomy, Coronary/methods , Myocardial Infarction , Coronary Angiography , Stents , Treatment Outcome
3.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 330-337, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936320

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of Bax inhibitor 1 (BI- 1) and optic atrophy protein 1 (OPA1) on vascular calcification (VC).@*METHODS@#Mouse models of VC were established in ApoE-deficient (ApoE-/-) diabetic mice by high-fat diet feeding for 12 weeks followed by intraperitoneal injections with Nε-carboxymethyl-lysine for 16 weeks. ApoE-/- mice (control group), ApoE-/- diabetic mice (VC group), ApoE-/- diabetic mice with BI-1 overexpression (VC + BI-1TG group), and ApoE-/- diabetic mice with BI-1 overexpression and OPA1 knockout (VC+BI-1TG+OPA1-/- group) were obtained for examination of the degree of aortic calcification using von Kossa staining. The changes in calcium content in the aorta were analyzed using ELISA. The expressions of Runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) and bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) were detected using immunohistochemistry, and the expression of cleaved caspase-3 was determined using Western blotting. Cultured mouse aortic smooth muscle cells were treated with 10 mmol/L β-glycerophosphate for 14 days to induce calcification, and the changes in BI-1 and OPA1 protein expressions were examined using Western blotting and cell apoptosis was detected using TUNEL staining.@*RESULTS@#ApoE-/- mice with VC showed significantly decreased expressions of BI-1 and OPA1 proteins in the aorta (P=0.0044) with obviously increased calcium deposition and expressions of RUNX2, BMP-2 and cleaved caspase-3 (P= 0.0041). Overexpression of BI-1 significantly promoted OPA1 protein expression and reduced calcium deposition and expressions of RUNX2, BMP-2 and cleaved caspase-3 (P=0.0006). OPA1 knockdown significantly increased calcium deposition and expressions of RUNX2, BMP-2 and cleaved caspase-3 in the aorta (P=0.0007).@*CONCLUSION@#BI-1 inhibits VC possibly by promoting the expression of OPA1, reducing calcium deposition and inhibiting osteogenic differentiation and apoptosis of the vascular smooth muscle cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Apolipoproteins E/metabolism , Calcium/metabolism , Caspase 3/metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/pathology , GTP Phosphohydrolases/metabolism , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Mice, Knockout , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular/pathology , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle/pathology , Optic Atrophy, Autosomal Dominant/pathology , Osteogenesis , Vascular Calcification/pathology , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism
4.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 309-313, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928605

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the mutation rate of the RAS gene and its clinical significance in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 120 children with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia, who were admitted to the Third Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2015 to January 2020 and underwent next-generation sequencing. The clinical and molecular features were analyzed. The impact of RAS gene mutation on the overall survival rate was evaluated in these children.@*RESULTS@#Among the 120 children, 35 (29.2%) had RAS gene mutation, 30 (25.0%) had KRAS gene mutation, and 5 (4.2%) had both NRAS and KRAS gene mutations. All NRAS mutations and 71% (25/35) of KRAS mutations were located at the 12th and 13th codons. RAS gene mutation was detected in 35 (33.3%) out of 105 children with B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia, but it was not detected in those with acute T lymphocyte leukemia. Of all the children, 11 (9.2%) were lost to follow-up, and among the 109 children followed up, 16 (14.7%) died. The children with RAS gene mutation had a significantly lower 2-year overall survival rate than those without RAS gene mutation (P<0.05). The prognosis of children with RAS gene mutation combined with WT1 overexpression and WBC>50×109/L at diagnosis was worse (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#RAS gene mutation is commonly observed in children with B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia and may have an adverse effect on prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Genes, ras , Mutation , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
5.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 866-870, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941191

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the utility and safety of leadless intracardiac transcatheter pacing system. Methods: The study was a prospective observational study. Patients underwent Micra transcatheter pacing system in Beijing Anzhen hospital from December 2019 to January 2020 were enrolled. The baseline characteristics, platelet count, hemoglobin, anticoagulation and/or antiplatelet therapy, mean procedural time, average fluoroscopy time, number of deployment and electrical parameters (threshold, R-wave amplitude, impedance) were recorded. Ultrasonography of bilateral femoral and iliac veins was performed in all patients. Patients were followed including access site complication, adverse event and device evaluation at implant, hospital discharge, 1 and 3 months post-implant. R-wave≥5 mV, impedance between 400 and 1 500 Ω and threshold increase≤1.5 V than implant is considered a stable parameter. Femoral access site complications included hematoma, hemorrhage, pseudoaneurysm, and arteriovenous fistula. Adverse events included dislodgement, cardiac effusion/perforation and infection. Left ventricular end diastolic diameter and ejection fraction before and at 1 month after implant were reported. Results: Five patients were enrolled and pacemaker implantation was successful in all 5 patients. Patients were all males and the average age was (78.4±8.4) years. 2 patients received aspirin and clopidogrel therapy, 1 patient suffered from anemia and thrombocytopenia occurred in 1 patient. No stenosis, occlusion and vascular malformation of bilateral femoral and iliac veins was observed. The mean implant time was (39.6±1.7) minutes. The average fluoroscopy time was (9.2±1.3) minutes and the number of deployment was (1.40±0.55). Electrical parameters(threshold, R-Wave amplitude and impedance) were as follows: (0.40±0.10) V/0.24 ms, (10.80±3.72) mV and (822.00±162.23) Ω at implant; (0.45±0.07) V/0.24 ms, (13.04±2.41) mV, and (748.0±91.5) Ω at discharge, (0.40±0.06) V/0.24 ms, (14.26±4.11) mV, and (700.0±91.7) Ω at 1 month post-implant and (0.39±0.05) V/0.24 ms, 14.40±3.97 mV, and (682.0±96.0) Ω at 3 months post-implant, respectively. Threshold increase was ≤1.5 V compared to that during implantation, electrical parameters were acceptable and stable. There was no difference in LVEDD [(44.00±5.24) mm vs. (44.00±5.34) mm,P=1.000] and EF [(62.00±3.39)% vs. (62.20±3.56)%, P=0.861] before and 1 month post-implant. No incidence of access site complications, cardiac effusion/perforation, dislodgment or infections occurred during the 3 months. Conclusions: The leadless transcatheter pacemaker implantation performed in our study archived a high implant success rate and favorable safety profile as well as associated with low and stable pacing thresholds. The long-term safety and benefit of leadless pacemaker need to be evaluated in future clinical studies.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Equipment Design , Follow-Up Studies , Pacemaker, Artificial , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1533-1539, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827569

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The detrimental outcomes of right ventricular pacing on left ventricular electromechanical function ultimately result in heart failure, a phenomenon termed pacing-induced cardiomyopathy (PICM) in clinical research. This study aimed to validate prognostic factors that can be used to identify patients with higher susceptibility to progress to the stage of cardiomyopathy before pacemaker implantation.@*METHODS@#This observational analysis enrolled 256 patients between January 2013 and June 2016, 23 (8.98%) of whom progressed to PICM after 1 year of follow-up. A Cox proportional hazard model was used to analyze the prognostic factors associated with PICM. Dose-response analysis was used to evaluate the relationship between significant indicators in multifactor analysis and PICM.@*RESULTS@#The mean values of left ventricular ejection fraction before and after pacemaker implantation in 23 patients diagnosed with PICM were 62.3% and 42.7%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that sex, atrio-ventricular block, paced QRS duration, and ventricular pacing percentage were significantly associated with PICM. In the multivariate analysis, male sex (hazard ratio: 1.20, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.09-1.33, P < 0.005), paced QRS duration (hazard ratio: 1.95 per 1 ms increase, 95% CI: 1.80-2.12, P < 0.001), and ventricular pacing percentage (hazard ratio: 1.65 per 1% increase, 95% CI: 1.51-1.79, P < 0.001) were independent prognostic factors associated with the development of PICM. The ventricular pacing percentage and paced QRS duration level defined by the dose-response analysis were positively associated with PICM (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our findings indicated that paced QRS duration and ventricular pacing percentage were the most sensitive prognostic factors for PICM.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 527-531, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342002

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation (PTSMA) and modified Morrow septal myectomy (MMSM) are two invasive strategies used to relieve obstruction in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). This study aimed to determine the clinical outcome of these two strategies.</p><p><b>Methods</b>From January 2011 to January 2015, 226 patients with HCM were treated, 68 by PTSMA and 158 by MMSM. Both ultrasonic cardiograms and heart functional class were recorded before, after operations and in the follow-up. Categorical variables were compared using Chi-square or Fisher's exact tests. Quantitative variables were compared using the paired samples t-test.</p><p><b>Results</b>Interventricular septal thickness was significantly reduced in both groups (21.27 ± 4.43 mm vs. 18.72 ± 4.13 mm for PTSMA, t = 3.469, P < 0.001, and 21.83 ± 5.03 mm vs. 16.57 ± 3.95 mm for MMSM, t = 10.349, P < 0.001, respectively). The left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) pressure gradient (PG) significantly decreased after the operations in two groups (70.30 ± 44.79 mmHg vs. 39.78 ± 22.07 mmHg for PTSMA, t = 5.041, P < 0.001, and 74.58 ± 45.52 mmHg vs. 13.95 ± 9.94 mmHg for MMSM, t = 16.357, P < 0.001, respectively). Seven patients (10.29%) in the PTSMA group required a repeat operation in the follow-up. Eight (11.76%) patients were evaluated for New York Heart Association (NYHA) III/IV in the PTSMA group, which was significantly more than the five (3.16%) in the same NYHA classes for the MMSM group at follow-up. Less than 15% of patients in the PTSMA group and none of the patients in the MMSM group complained of chest pain during follow-up.</p><p><b>Conclusions</b>Both strategies can not only relieve LVOT PG but also improve heart function in patients with HCM. However, MMSM might provide a more reliable reduction in gradients compared to PTSMA.</p>

8.
Chinese Journal of Applied Physiology ; (6): 309-312 339, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773753

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of ursolic acid on cardiomyopathy in mice with diabetes induced by high-fat diet combined with low dose streptozotocin, and to explore its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Thirty male ICR mice were randomly divided into control group (=10) and moulding group (=20), the mice in the two groups were fed with regular diet and high-fat diet respectively for 6 weeks, and then the mice in the moulding group were injected with streptozotocin (30 mg/kg) for 5 successive days to induce diabetes mellitus (DM). Fasting blood glucose (FBG) was measured after 9 days. Mice with FBG over 11.1 mmol/L were regarded as DM. Twenty DM mice were randomly divided into model group and ursolic acid group (=10). Mice in each group were continuously administrated ursolic acid (100 mg/kg) or corresponding solvent intragastrically for 8 weeks. After that, FBG was measured, body weight (BW), heart weight and left ventricular weight were weighed in order to calculate the heart mass index (HMI) and left ventricular mass index (LVMI). Levels of creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in serum and the level of superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA) in myocardial tissue were detected. HE staining was used to observe pathological changes of myocardial tissue. Immunohistochemistry was employed to determine the expression of NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) and interleukin 1β (IL-1β).@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, HMI, LVMI were apparently enlarged, levels of FBG, CK, LDH in serum and MDA in myocardial tissue were extremely increased, while the activity of SOD in myocardial tissue were extraordinary decreased in diabetic group. HE staining of myocardium showed that arrangement disorder of myocardial fibers, edema and hypertrophy in myocardial cell, as well as inflammatory cell infiltration in model group. Immunohistochemistry showed that the expression of NLRP3 and IL-1β in myocardial tissue increased obviously in model group, the above changes inursolic acid group were significantly ameliorated.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Ursolic acid has a obvious protective effect on myocardial injury in mice with diabetes induced by high-fat diet combined with low dose streptozotocin, and its mechanism may be associated with inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasome activation, reducing IL-1β generation and alleviating myocardial inflammatory injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Cardiomyopathies , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Mice, Inbred ICR , Mice, Inbred NOD , Myocardium , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Triterpenes , Pharmacology
9.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 545-549, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703893

ABSTRACT

Objectives:To investigate the relationship between the changes of blood lipids and the progression of non-target lesions after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods:Consecutive patients hospitalized in Beijing Anzhen Hospital of Capital Medical University from January 2013 to December 2016 for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) with coronary angiography evidence of multivessel disease, in which single vessel disease (Target lesion) stenosis> 75%, and the single vessel was treated with PCI, and the remaining non-target lesions with stenosis <50%, and re-hospitalized due to chest pain within 6 to 24 months, were eligible for this study. A total of 3 071 patients met the inclusion criteria were enrolled in this study. According to the quantitative analysis of 3-dimensional reconstruction coronary angiography (QCA), patients were divided into A, B groups:group A (n=1 541) refers patients with progressive non-target lesions (stenosis from <50% to >75%), group B (n=1 530) refers progression-free non-target lesions (stenosis <75%). Blood lipid levels at two hospitalizations, blood lipid changes and the lipid control rate, LDL-C control rate = (<1.8 mmol/L patients + LDL-C decline>50%)/ total number of patients, were compared between the two groups. Results:The LDL-C level [group A:(2.68 ± 0.88) mmol/L vs group B:(2.72 ± 0.92) mmol/L, P=0.509] and the LDL-C control rate (group A:14% vs group B:13.1%, P=0.476) at the first hospitalization were similar between the two groups. At the second hospitalization, the level of LDL-C was significantly lower in group B than that in group A ([1.91 ± 0.64] mmol/L vs [2.17 ± 0.76] mmol/L, P<0.001). The LDL-C control rate was significantly higher in group B than in the group A (43.66% vs 35.37%, P<0.001). Moreover, the reduction of total cholesterol and triglyceride was more significant in group B ([0.85±0.81] mmol/L and [0.24±1.58] mmol/L) compared to group A ([0.58±1.01] mmol/L and [0.17±1.37] mmol/L, both P<0.001) at the second hospitalization. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that age, diabetes, hypertension, smoking, family history of coronary heart disease, hyperlipidemia and non-target lesions were not associated with progression of non-target lesions; LDL-C level at the second hospitalization (OR=1.686, 95%CI:1.508~1.885; P<0.001) and regular statin use after PCI (OR=0.275, 95%CI:0.230~0.328; P<0.001) were associated with progression of non-target lesions. Conclusions:Our results indicate that poor lipid control post PCI is one of the reasons leading to the progression of non-target lesions.

10.
Chinese Journal of Interventional Cardiology ; (4): 241-246, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702335

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the impact of smoking on coronary plaque characteristics on optical coherence tomography(OCT) in young patients with acute coronary disease(ACS).Methods We assessed the atherosclerotic plaque characteristics and vulnerability by OCT and coronary angiography in 60 ACS patients aged 45 years or younger in Beijing Anzhen Hospital, from June 2014 to June 2017. The patients were divided into the smoking group(n=33) and the non-smoking group(n=27) to compare the plaque characteristics and vulnerability.Results Smoking patients showed a less extent of fibrosis(48.55%vs. 77.8%,P=0.032)and microchannels(18.2%vs. 44.4%,P=0.033), and a greater extent of plaque rupture (24.2%vs. 3.7%,P=0.033) compared with non-smoking patients. In multivariate analysis, smoking was the only independent predictors of plaque rupture(OR 8.320, 95%CI 0.969-71.435,P=0.027) and less fibrosis (OR 0.269, 95%CI 0.086-0.837,P=0.020). Conclusions Patients who are smokers have less extensive fibrosis and a greater extent of plaque rupture, showing more extensive vulnerable plaque phenotype. Therefore, smoking is one of the major risk factors of advanced cardiovascular events in young patients.

11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2326-2332, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-249023

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>High rate of in-stent restenosis (ISR) remained an unsolved clinical problem in clinical practice, especially among patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Diabetic patients often had hypertriglyceridemia with elevated levels of very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C). Increasing evidence suggested that VLDL-C was known as a significant risk factor for atherosclerosis and had been recommended as a treatment target by current dyslipidemia guidelines. However, the role of VLDL-C in the occurrence and development of ISR in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients with DM had not been studied. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the elevated levels of VLDL-C and the risk of ISR in CAD patients with DM.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 1390 diabetic patients, who underwent coronary drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation at Beijing Anzhen Hospital and followed up by angiography within 6-24 months, were consecutively enrolled. Patients' demographic and clinical characteristics, including age, gender, CAD risk factors, family history, life style, medical history, and coronary angiographic information, were collected carefully at baseline percutaneous coronary intervention and follow-up angiography. Multivariate Cox's proportional hazards regression modeling using the step-wise method (entry, 0.05; removal, 0.05) was used to determine the independent risk associated with ISR in diabetic patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Finally, 1206 of patients were included in this study. ISR occurred in 132/1206 diabetic patients (10.9%) by follow-up angiography. Patients with ISR had elevated median serum VLDL-C levels compared with those without ISR (0.65 mmol/L vs. 0.52 mmol/L, P = 0.030). The multivariate regression analysis showed that VLDL-C was significantly associated with the risk of ISR in diabetic CAD patients (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.15, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.03-1.29, P = 0.017). The HR for the risk of ISR associated with VLDL-C level ≥0.52 mmol/L was 3.01 (95% CI: 1.24-7.34, P = 0.015).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The elevated level of serum VLDL-C was a significant and independent risk factor for ISR in diabetic CAD patients after coronary DES implantation.</p>

12.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 105-113, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65056

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Urapidil is putatively effective for patients with hypertension and acute heart failure, although randomized controlled trials thereon are lacking. We investigated the efficacy and safety of intravenous urapidil relative to that of nitroglycerin in older patients with hypertension and heart failure in a randomized controlled trial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients (>60 y) with hypertension and heart failure were randomly assigned to receive intravenous urapidil (n=89) or nitroglycerin (n=91) for 7 days. Hemodynamic parameters, cardiac function, and safety outcomes were compared. RESULTS: Patients in the urapidil group had significantly lower mean systolic blood pressure (110.1±6.5 mm Hg) than those given nitroglycerin (126.4±8.1 mm Hg, p=0.022), without changes in heart rate. Urapidil was associated with improved cardiac function as reflected by lower N terminal-pro B type natriuretic peptide after 7 days (3311.4±546.1 ng/mL vs. 4879.1±325.7 ng/mL, p=0.027) and improved left ventricular ejection fraction (62.2±3.4% vs. 51.0±2.4%, p=0.032). Patients given urapidil had fewer associated adverse events, specifically headache (p=0.025) and tachycardia (p=0.004). The one-month rehospitalization and all-cause mortality rates were similar. CONCLUSION: Intravenous administration of urapidil, compared with nitroglycerin, was associated with better control of blood pressure and preserved cardiac function, as well as fewer adverse events, for elderly patients with hypertension and acute heart failure.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Disease , Antihypertensive Agents/administration & dosage , Blood Pressure/drug effects , Cause of Death , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Heart Rate/drug effects , Hemodynamics , Hypertension/drug therapy , Injections, Intravenous , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain/blood , Nitroglycerin/administration & dosage , Peptide Fragments/blood , Piperazines/administration & dosage , Ventricular Function, Left/drug effects
13.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 375-379, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-269469

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the change in telomere length and TERC and TERT mutations in peripheral blood leukocytes of children with chronic aplastic anemia (CAA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-nine children with CAA were divided into untreated group (n=24) who did not receive immunosuppressive therapy (IST), response group (n=36) who showed response to IST, and non-response group (n=9) who showed no response to IST; another 35 healthy children matched for age and sex were selected as the control group. The telomere-to-single copy gene (T/S) ratio in peripheral blood leukocytes was measured by real-time PCR in all groups. PCR was performed to detect TERC and TERT mutations in all children with CAA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The untreated and non-response groups had significantly lower T/S ratios than the control and response groups (P<0.01), whereas there was no significant difference in T/S ratio between the response and control groups (P>0.05). TERC and TERT mutations were not found in all children with CAA.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The change in telomere length in children with CAA may be related to the development and progression of disease. Telomere length measurement may be used as a prognostic indicator in children with CAA.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Male , Anemia, Aplastic , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Chronic Disease , Immunosuppressive Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Leukocytes , Metabolism , Mutation , Telomerase , Genetics , Telomere
14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 368-373, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-245075

ABSTRACT

A UPLC-MS/MS method based on metabonomic skills was developed to study the serum metabolic changes of rats after acute liver injury induced by CCl4 and to evaluate the action mechanism of Si-Ni-San. The integrated data were exported for principal components analysis (PCA) by using SIMCA-P software, in order to find the potential biomarkers. It showed that clear separation of healthy control group, model group, silymarin group, Si-Ni-San group was achieved by using the PCA method. Nine significantly changed metabolites were identified as potential biomarkers of acute liver injury. Compared with the health control group, the model group rats showed higher levels of phenylalanine, tryptophan and GCDCA together with lower levels of LPC 16 : 0, LPC 18 : 0, LPC 18 : 1, LPC 16 : 1, LPC 20 : 4 and LPC 22 : 6. These changes of serum metabolites suggested that the disorders of amino acid metabolism, lipid metabolism, bile acid biosynthesis and anti-oxidative damage were related to acute liver injury induced by CCl4. Si-Ni-San might have the anti-liver injury effect on all these four metabolic pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Carbon Tetrachloride Poisoning , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Blood , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Glycodeoxycholic Acid , Blood , Lysophosphatidylcholines , Blood , Metabolomics , Phenylalanine , Blood , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Principal Component Analysis , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Tryptophan , Blood
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2281-2285, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322212

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Patients with prior coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) have a poor outcome after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Little is known about the treatment strategy and outcome of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in these patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of graft versus native artery PCI on the outcomes of prior CABG patients with AMI.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Between September 2005 and October 2011, a total of 140 consecutive patients with previous CABG undergoing PCI for the treatment of AMI were included. Clinical/procedural characteristics and long-term clinical outcomes were compared between graft and native artery PCI patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean time interval to prior CABG was (5.6 ± 4.2) years. Thirty patients received graft PCI, success rate being 90%. One hundred and ten patients received native artery PCI, success rate being 90.7% (P > 0.05). There were no significant differences in the basic characteristics between the two groups. All patients received drug eluting stents (DESs). Three patients died during hospitalization in the graft-PCI group (10% vs. native PCI 0, P < 0.05). After a median follow- up of two years, major adverse cardiac events (MACE) (myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization, total death) were 20% with no significant difference between the two groups. Cox regression analysis showed that both diabetes mellitus (DM, HR 3.57, 95%CI 1.03 - 5.75, P < 0.05) and primary PCI (HR 5.932, 95%CI 1.91 - 18.4, P < 0.05) were independent predictors of MACE.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>More patients with prior CABG underwent native artery PCI for AMI. PCI to culprit graft vessels had higher in-hospital mortality. DM and primary PCI, but not graft PCI, were predictors for adverse long-term outcome.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Bypass , Electrocardiography , Myocardial Infarction , General Surgery , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2636-2640, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-322140

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Stent thrombosis is one of severe complications after sirolimus-eluting stent implantation. Rapamycin (sirolimus) promotes arterial thrombosis in in vivo studies. However, the underlying molecular and transcriptional mechanisms of this adverse effect have not been thoroughly investigated. This study was designed to examine the effects of rapamycin on the expression of the gene, Kruppel-like factor 2 (KLF2), and its transcriptional targets in mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Mice were randomly divided into four groups: the control group (intraperitoneal injection with 2.5% of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) only), rapamycin group (intraperitoneal injection with 2 mg/kg of rapamycin only), Ad-LacZ + rapamycin group (carotid arterial incubation with Ad-LacZ plus intraperitoneal injection with 2 mg/kg of rapamycin 10 days later), and Ad-KLF2 + rapamycin group (carotid arterial incubation with Ad-KLF2 plus intraperitoneal injection with 2 mg/kg rapamycin 10 days later). The carotid arterial thrombosis formation was induced by FeCl3 and the time of arterial thrombosis was determined. Finally, the RNA and protein of carotid arteries were extracted for KLF2, tissue factor (TF), plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), thrombomodulin (TM) mRNA and protein analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with controls, treatment with rapamycin inhibited KLF2, eNOS and TM mRNA and protein expression, and enhanced TF and PAI-1 mRNA and protein expression, and shortened time to thrombotic occlusion from (1282 ± 347) seconds to (715 ± 120) seconds (P < 0.01) in vivo. Overexpression of KLF2 strongly reversed rapamycin-induced effects on KLF2, eNOS, TM, TF and PAI-1 expression. KLF2 overexpression increased the time to thrombotic occlusion to control levels in vivo.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Rapamycin induced an inhibition of KLF2 expression and an imbalance of anti- and pro-thrombotic gene expression, which promoted arterial thrombosis in vivo. Overexpression of KLF2 increased KLF2 expression and reversed time to thrombosis in vivo.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Carotid Arteries , Metabolism , Drug-Eluting Stents , Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors , Genetics , Physiology , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III , Physiology , Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1 , Physiology , Sirolimus , Pharmacology , Thrombomodulin , Physiology , Thrombosis
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 3460-3463, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-354453

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The importance of heart rate as secondary prevention strategies for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) is emphasized by multiple guidelines. However, limited information is available on the heart rate distribution and the change patterns of resting heart rate when initiating beta-blocker therapy among Chinese patients with CAD.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The REsults of Sympathetic Evaluation And Research of China (RESEARCH) study is a multi-centre, prospective, observational study involving 147 centers in 23 cities across China. All eligible beta-blocker naive patients were prescribed with metroprolol succinate. Initial dosage and target heart rate were selected at the discretion of their physicians in charge according to their usual institutional practice. The heart rate distribution and the change patterns of resting heart rate after initiation of beta-blocker therapy were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The majority of patients (63.6%) were prescribed with 47.5 mg metroprolol succinate. At baseline, there were only 17.4% of patients whose heart rate was less than 70 beats per minute, and the proportion reached 42.5% and 79.1%, one month and two months after initiation of beta-blockers, respectively. Multivariate linear regression analysis showed that baseline heart rate (B = 0.900, SE = 0.006, t = 141.787, P < 0.0001) and the dosage (B = -0.007, SE = 0.002, t = -3.242, P = 0.001) were independent predictors of resting heart rate 2 months after beta-blocker therapy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Resting heart rate is not optimally controlled in a broadly representative cohort of Chinese outpatients with CAD even after initiation of β-blocker therapy, and baseline heart rate and the dosage of beta-blocker are both independent predictors of resting heart rate after β-blocker therapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists , Therapeutic Uses , China , Coronary Artery Disease , Drug Therapy , Heart Rate , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 25-28, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236882

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the relationship of telomerase RNA component (hTERC) and the telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT) with telomerase activity in the marrow hemopoietic stem cells of children with aplastic anemia (AA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty-two children with chronic AA, 13 children with acute AA and 21 normal controls were enrolled in the study. Telomerase activity and the expression of mRNA of hTERT and hTERC were detected by Telomeric Repeat Amplification Protocol (TRAP) with silver staining and real-time Q-PCR respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Levels of telomerase activity in both the chronic and acute AA groups were higher than in the control group (P<0.01). The AA groups had significantly higher expression of hTERT mRNA than the control group (P<0.01). The chronic AA group had higher expression of hTERT mRNA and telomerase activity than the acute AA group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the expression of hTERC mRNA among the three groups (P=0.812). There was a significant correlation between the expression of hTERT mRNA and telomerase activity (r=0.660, P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Expression of telomerase activity may be involved in the pathophysiology and development of AA, and hTERT plays a crucial role in expression of telomerase activity.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Anemia, Aplastic , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , RNA , Genetics , RNA, Messenger , Telomerase , Genetics , Metabolism
19.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 205-209, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292000

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effects of trimetazidine therapy on left ventricular (LV) function after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 106 patients with unstable angina pectoris underwent successful elective PCI were randomly assigned to standard therapy group (control, n = 55) or trimetazidine group (n = 51, 60 mg trimetazidine loading dose prior to PCI followed by 20 mg Tid after PCI on top of standard therapy). cTnI level was measured before and at 16-18 hours after PCI. LV function was evaluated by echocardiography and major adverse cardiac events (MACE, including death, re-infarction and target vessel revascularization) at 12 months after PCI was compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Post procedural cTnI level increased from [0.02 (0.01, 0.03)] µg/L at baseline to [0.11 (0.07, 0.13)] µg/L (P < 0.05) at 16-18 hours in the trimetazidine group, while [0.02(0.01, 0.03)] µg/L to [1.31(0.44, 2.31)] µg/L in the control group (P < 0.05). Post procedural cTnI level was significantly reduced in the trimetazidine group compared to the control group (P < 0.05). At 12 months follow-up, left ventricular ejection fraction in the trimetazidine group was significantly higher than in control group [(65.65 ± 3.94)% vs. (62.29 ± 3.06)%, P < 0.01] while incidence of MACE was similar between the two groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Trimetazidine can reduce the post-PCI cTnI release and improve left ventricular function after PCI in patients with unstable angina pectoris.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Follow-Up Studies , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Postoperative Period , Prospective Studies , Trimetazidine , Therapeutic Uses , Ventricular Function, Left
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 221-225, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333512

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The radial approach has been increasingly used as an alternative to femoral access. And more procedures using repeated transradial coronary intervention (r-TRI) are performed. However, few data about r-TRI has been obtained. Therefore, we investigated the safety and feasibility of r-TRI using the same route.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 423 consecutive eligible patients undergoing r-TRI were enrolled in the r-TRI group, and 846 patients with initial TRI (i-TRI) were assigned to the i-TRI group in a 2:1 matching ratio compared to r-TRI group. The primary endpoint included the success rate of the procedure and the incidence of vascular related complications.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The baseline clinical characteristics in the two groups were comparable. The success rate of procedures in the r-TRI and i-TRI was similar (96.0% vs. 97.5%, P = 0.130). In subgroup analysis (coronary angiography only or angiography with pecutaneous coronary intervention), similar results were also observed. The puncture numbers and incidence of radial artery spasm in the r-TRI group were significantly higher than in the i-TRI group (P = 0.024 and P < 0.001, respectively). The other procedural outcomes in the two groups were identical. With respect to the incidence of overall vascular related complication and independent events, there were no significant differences in spite of a higher incidence of radial artery occlusion (RAO) in the r-TRI group (RAO: 1.2% vs. 0.7%, P = 0.521). The patients in the i-TRI group had more comfortable feeling than patients in the r-TRI group (P = 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>R-TRI produces a comparable procedure success rate and incidence of vascular complication when compared to i-TRI. It should be considered as an acceptable and safe procedure.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Methods , Coronary Angiography
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