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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801809


Objective: To study the chemical constituents in theendophytic fungus Nigrospora oryzae from Cordyceps. Method: It was cultured with brownrice,and isolated and purified by chromatographic procedures, and the compounds were identified by NMR,ESI-MS and other spectral methods. Result: Totally 15 compounds were identified as mellein (1),linoleic acid (2),2-(2-hydroxyethyl)phenol (3),(3R)-mellein methyl ether (4),(3R,4S)-4-hydroxymellein (5),2-hydroxybenzaldehyde (6),3-phenylpropane-1,2-diol (7),1-phenyl-1,2-ethanediol (8),cyclo-(R-Prommmm-S-Ile) (9),cyclo-(D-Pro-L-Leu) (10),2-hydroxybenzaldehyde (11),4-hydroxy-8-O-methylmellein (12),cyclo-(S-Pro-S-Phe) (13),cyclo-(D-Pro-L-Ile) (14),cyclo-(D-Pro-L-Leu) (15). Conclusion: Compounds 1-15 were isolated from this fungus for the first time.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314318


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the clinical efficacy in the treatment of allergic rhinitis (AR) of lung qi deficiency and cold syndrome between Jin's three-needle therapy and western medication.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-six patients were randomized into an acupuncture group and a western medication group, 33 cases in each one. In the acupuncture group, acupuncture was applied at three-nose points [Yingxiang (LI 20), Shangyingxiang (EX-HN 8) and Yintang (GV 29); Cuanzhu (BL 2) was added for frontal headache] and three-back points [Dazhu (BL 11), Fengmen (BL 12) and Feishu (BL 13)], once every day. Ten treatments made one session. Two sessions of treatment were required. In the western medication group, desloratadine oral suspension was prescribed, 5 mg each time, once a day, for 20 days. The scores of the symptoms and physical signs in AR patients as well as the clinical efficacy were observed between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The total effective rate was 93.9% (31/33) in the acupuncture group, which was better than 72.7% (24/33) in the western medication group (P < 0.05). After treatment, the scores of AR symptoms and physical signs as well as the total score were all reduced compared with those before treatment in the two groups (all P < 0.01). The score of every item in the acupuncture group was lower than that in the western medication group after treatment (score of symptoms: 4.70 +/- 2.07 vs 6.55 +/- 2. 69, score of physical signs: 0.85 +/- 0.67 vs 1.45 +/- +0.62, total score: 5.36 +/- 2.70 vs 8.00 +/- 2.91, all P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Jin's three-needle therapy achieves superior efficacy on AR of lung-qi deficiency and cold syndrome, which is better than desloratadine oral suspension.</p>

Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Lung , Male , Middle Aged , Needles , Qi , Rhinitis, Allergic , Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial , Therapeutics , Young Adult